0 Up votes0 Down votes

7 views3 pagesIn Islam, practice is of greater importance than doctrine and the five pillars represent the frame work
for responsible and good life. In this paper we analyze the effect of five pillars of Islam towards
sustainable development using Neutrosophic Relational maps, which is an extension of Fuzzy
Relational maps. This paper organized as follows; section one gives the introduction about the NRM
and five pillars of Islam. Section two derives basic notions and definitions of NRM. Adaptation to the
problem in section three and conclusion and suggestion is derived in the final section.

Oct 08, 2013

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

In Islam, practice is of greater importance than doctrine and the five pillars represent the frame work
for responsible and good life. In this paper we analyze the effect of five pillars of Islam towards
sustainable development using Neutrosophic Relational maps, which is an extension of Fuzzy
Relational maps. This paper organized as follows; section one gives the introduction about the NRM
and five pillars of Islam. Section two derives basic notions and definitions of NRM. Adaptation to the
problem in section three and conclusion and suggestion is derived in the final section.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

7 views

In Islam, practice is of greater importance than doctrine and the five pillars represent the frame work
for responsible and good life. In this paper we analyze the effect of five pillars of Islam towards
sustainable development using Neutrosophic Relational maps, which is an extension of Fuzzy
Relational maps. This paper organized as follows; section one gives the introduction about the NRM
and five pillars of Islam. Section two derives basic notions and definitions of NRM. Adaptation to the
problem in section three and conclusion and suggestion is derived in the final section.

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- 24_2-3_139
- Seyyed Hossein Nasr • an Introduction the Islamic Cosmological Doctrines Copy
- Fasting Ramadan
- Hajj
- Salooni qabl an tafqadooni-1
- Advices from Ibn Uthaymeen
- MuslimMatters.org-Ramadan-2013-ebook.pdf
- Ramadan Advice From Different Sources
- Summit Speech
- Concepts and Meanings
- Proposal Bukber
- ISIM_12_Ramadan_in_Kyrgyzstan-An_Ethnographer-s_Gaze_on_Fasting.pdf
- Challenge the Victim Mentality of Western Muslims and a Crisis of Authority Across the Faith, Says Tariq Ram
- Mistaking Revolutionary for Islamic Spirit.
- Mikail 2017
- The Islamic States of Guernsey.
- EIF
- The Educational System of Islam
- # Sex Education in Islam...
- MUHAMMAD AND FIRST FOUR CALIPHS

You are on page 1of 3

A STUDY ON RELIGIOUS PRACTICES IN ISLAM TOWARDS

SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT USING NEUTROSOPHIC

RELATIONAL MAPS

A.Victor Devadoss, M. Syed Ismail

Department of Mathematics, Loyola College Chennai-34

msismail72@gmail.com

Abstract

In Islam, practice is of greater importance than doctrine and the five pillars represent the frame work

for responsible and good life. In this paper we analyze the effect of five pillars of Islam towards

sustainable development using Neutrosophic Relational maps, which is an extension of Fuzzy

Relational maps. This paper organized as follows; section one gives the introduction about the NRM

and five pillars of Islam. Section two derives basic notions and definitions of NRM. Adaptation to the

problem in section three and conclusion and suggestion is derived in the final section.

Keywords: Five pillars of Islam, FRM, NRM and hidden pattern

1. Introduction

The new notation called Neutrosophic

Relational Maps (NRMs) was introduced by

Dr. W.B. Vasantha and Smarandache

Florentin in the year 2004 [3]. In NRMs, we

divide the very casual associations into two

disjoint units, like for example the relation;

between teacher and a student or relation;

between and employee and employer or a

relation; between the parent and the child in

the case of school dropouts and so on. In this

situation we see that we can bring out the

causal relations existing between and

employee and employer or parent and child

and so on.

In this paper, we analyzed the five pillars of

Islamtowards Sustainable development. The

five pillars are

1. The declaration of faith - the shahada:

"There is no god but God, and Muhammad is

the messenger of God." One becomes a

Muslim by formally making this declaration,

which represents the belief that the purpose of

life is to serve and obey the one God, and that

it is achieved through the teachings and

practices of Prophet Muhammad.

2. Prayer (salat). Muslims are to perform

formal prayers five times a day, involving

verses in Arabic from the Koran, thus

structuring their lives around God.

Congregational prayer is traditionally on

Friday. Personal prayers are offered at any

time.

3. Almsgiving (zakat). A principle of Islam is

that everything belongs to God, and wealth is

held by people in trust. Muslims also have a

responsibility to care for the less fortunate.

The zakat calls for annual giving of 2.5

percent of a Muslim's capital, calculated by the

individual

4. Fasting during Ramadan. Ramadan is the

ninth month of the Islamic calendar; Muslims

worldwide observe this as a month of fasting.

This annual observance is regarded as one of

the Five Pillars of Islam. The month lasts 29

f30 days based on the visual sightings of the

crescent moon, according to numerous

biographical accounts compiled in

hadiths(Words of Prophet). The word

Ramadan comes from the Arabic root ramida

or ar-ramad, which means scorching heat or

dryness.

Fasting is wajib (obligatory) for adult

Muslims, except those who are ill, travelling

or going through menstrual bleeding while

fasting fromdawn until sunset Muslims refrain

from consuming food, drinking liquids,

smoking and sexual relations; and in some

interpretations from swearing. According to

Islam, the sawab (rewards) of fasting are

many, but in this month they are believed to be

multiplied. Fasting for Muslims during

Volume: 02, October 2013, Pages: 211-213 International J ournal of Computing Algorithm

Integrated Intelligent Research (IIR) 212

Ramadan typically includes the increased

offering of salat (prayers) and recitation of the

Quran.

5. Pilgrimage (the hajj). The pilgrimage to

Mecca is a once-in-a-lifetime obligation for

every Muslimable to do so. During 10 days of

rites, pilgrims from around the world don

simple garments to remove distinctions of

class and culture, showing that all stand equal

before God. The close of the hajj is marked by

the other major festival celebrated by all

Muslims, Eid al-Adha.

6.Neutrosophic Relational Maps (NRMs)

Thus for us to define a NRM we need a

domain space and a range space which are

disjoint in the sense of concepts. We further

assume no intermediate relations exist within

the domain and the range space. The number

of elements in the range space need not in

general be equal to the number of elements in

the domain space. In NRMs we divide the very

causal associations into two disjoint units, like

for example the relation between the

personality (Domain space) and anger (Range

space) in the case of physical health. We

denote by D, the nodes D

1

,,D

n

of the domain

space where Di ={(x

1

,, x

n

)/x

j

=0 or 1 or I}

for i=1,,n. Similarly R, the set of nodes

R

1

,,Rm of the range space, where Ri =

{(x

1

,x

2

,x

m

)/ x

j

=0 or 1or I} for i =1,,m.

When

x

i

=0, then the node R

i

is in OFF.

x

i

=1, then the node R

i

is in ON.

x

i

=I, then the node R

i

is in Indeterminate

state.

a. Definition:

The NRM is a directed graph or a map fromD

to R with concepts like policies or events etc.

as nodes and causalities as edges. It represents

causal relations between spaces D and R. Let

D

i

and R

j

denote the two nodes of an NRM.

The directed edge fromD to R denotes the

causality of D on R, called relations. Every

edge in the NRM is weighted with a number in

the set {0,1,I}. Let e

ij

be the weight of the edge

D

i

R

j

, e

ij

e{0,1,I}.The weight of the edge D

i

R

j

is positive if increase in D

i

implies increase in

R

j

or decrease in D

i

implies decrease in R

j

.

That is, causality of D

i

on R

j

is 1. If e

ij

=0 then

D

i

does not have any effect on R

j

. If e

ij

=I then

D

i

have an Indeterminate on R

j

. We do not

discuss the cases when increase in D

i

implies

decrease in R

j

or decrease in D

i

implies

increase in R

j

.

b. Relational matrix of the NRM:

Let D

1

,,D

n

be the nodes of the domain space

D of an FRM and R

1

, ,R

m

be the nodes of

the range space R of an NRM. Let the matrix

E be defined as: E = (e

ij

) where e

ij

is the

weight of the directed edge D

i

R

j

(or R

j

D

i

), E

is called the relational matrix of the FRM. Let

A = (a

1

,..,a

n

), a

i

e{0,1,I}. A is called the

instantaneous state vector of the domain space

and it denotes the on-off-indeterminate

position of the nodes at any instant. Similarly

let B =(b1,,bm),

bie{0,1,I}. B is called the instantaneous state

vector of the range space and it denotes the on-

off position of the nodes at any instant. When

a

i

= 0 or 1 or I, if a

i

is on or off or

Indeterminate respectively, for i = 1,,n.

Similarly bi =0 or 1or I if bi is on or off or

Indeterminate respectively, for i =1,..,m.

c. Hidden Pattern: Consider DiRj (or RjDi),

1<j<m, 1<i<n. When Rj (or Di) is switched on

and if causality flows through the edges of the

cycle and if it again causes Ri (or Dj), we say

that the dynamical system goes round and

round. This is true for any node Ri (or Dj ) for

1 <i <m, ( or 1 <j <n ). The equilibrium

state of this dynamical system is called the

hidden pattern.

Fixed point: If the equilibriumstate of the

dynamical system is a unique state vector, then

it is called a fixed point. Consider an FRM

with R

1

,..,R

m

and D

1

,, D

n

as nodes. For

example let us start the dynamical systemby

switching on R

1

or D

1

. Let us assume that the

NRM settles down with R

1

and R

m

(or D

1

and

D

n

) on i.e. the state vector remains as (1001)

in R [or (1001) in D], this state vector is

called the fixed point.

Limit cycle: If the NRM settles down with a

state vector repeating in the form

A

1

A

2

A

i

A

1

(or B

1

B

2

B

i

B

1

)

then this equilibriumis called a limit cycle.

Volume: 02, October 2013, Pages: 211-213 International J ournal of Computing Algorithm

Integrated Intelligent Research (IIR) 213

7. Adaptation to the problem

To analyze the effect of the five pillars of

Islamtowards Sustainable development. We

have interviewed 100 Muslim people in

Chennai. The following attributes have been

chosen.

The five pillars of Islamare:

C

1

- Testimony that there no deity that deserves

worship except Allah and Mohamed is his last

messenger

C

2

-Prayers (Salat)

C

3

-Obligatory almsgiving (Zakat)

C

4

-Fasting Ramadan

C

5

-Pilgrimage to Makkah.(Hajj)

Effects:

D

1

- Foster relation and connection with Allah

(God)

D

2

- Unity of Muslims

D

3

- Show true submission to God

D

4

- Spiritual and Physical purification

D

5

- Gaining rewards from God by mentioning

his name and attributes and by remembering

him

D

6

- Sacrifice of money, time and natural

desires (e.g. eating and sexual relation during

Ramadan) for the sake of God which

illustrates victory over personal desires

D

7

- Remember the resurrection/judgment day

we have formed a relation matrix based on the

expert opinion.

(

(

(

(

(

(

=

0 1 0 0 0 1

1 0 0 1 0 0 1

0 0 1 0 0 1

1 0 0 0 1 1 1

1 0 0 1 1 0 1

I

I M

Let the input vector be X

1

=( 1 0 0 0 0 )

X

1

M =( 1 0 1 1 0 0 1 ) =Y

1

Y

1

M

T

=( 4 3 1 3 1 ) ( 1 1 1 1 1 ) = X

2

X

2

M =( 5 1+I 2 2 2 I 3 ) ( 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 ) = Y

2

Y

2

M

T

=( 4 4 2+I 3 2+I ) ( 1 1 1 1 1 ) = X

3

X

3

M =( 5 1+I 2 2 2 I 1 ) ( 1 1 1 1 1 I 1 ) =Y

3

=

Y

2

The pair of limit points {( 1 1 1 1 1) ,( 1 1 1 1 1 I 1)

}

Conclusion

It is highlighting that when C

1

is in on state, it

gives the pair of limit points { ( 1 1 1 1 1 ) , ( 1

1 1 1 1 I 1 ) } which means that the impact of

five pillars gives Foster relation and

Connection with Allah, Unity of Muslims,

Show true submission to God, Spiritual and

physical purification, Gaining rewards from

God and Remember the judgment day except

Sacrifice of money, time and natural desires

for the sake of God. Since it is in

indeterminate position. (i.e.) By spending

money, time and natural desires, we cant

determine faith.

References

[1] Kosco, B., Neural Networks and Fuzzy

Systems: A Dynamical Systems Approach to

Machine Intelligence, Prentice Hall of India,

1997

[2]Kosko, Bart (1992). Neural Networks and

Fuzzy Systems, Prentice Hall, Englewood

Cliffs, New J ersey.

[3] Vasantha Kandasamy W.B and

Smarandache Florentin Analysis of social

aspects of migrantlaborers living with

HIV/AIDS using Fuzzy Theory and

Neutrosophic Cognitive Maps, Xiquan,

Phoenix (2004)

[4]Pathinathan. T, Thirusangu K 2005 On

Tension Causes for School Dropouts An

Induced Linked Fuzzy Relational Mapping

(ILFRM) Analysis

[5] W.B Vasantha Kandasamy, Florentin

Smarandache and Ilanthenral, Elementary

Fuzzy Matrix Theory and Fuzzy Models for

Social Scientists, Printed in United States of

America, 2007.

- 24_2-3_139Uploaded byesmail29
- Seyyed Hossein Nasr • an Introduction the Islamic Cosmological Doctrines CopyUploaded byMoreno Nourizadeh
- Fasting RamadanUploaded bybaiantbakhi
- HajjUploaded byAaron Wannamaker
- Salooni qabl an tafqadooni-1Uploaded byShian-e-Ali Network
- Advices from Ibn UthaymeenUploaded byzaki77
- MuslimMatters.org-Ramadan-2013-ebook.pdfUploaded byFatimatou Hasanova
- Ramadan Advice From Different SourcesUploaded byaseekerofseekers
- Summit SpeechUploaded byFadhil Maulana Saphietra
- Concepts and MeaningsUploaded byhaftab
- Proposal BukberUploaded byAlya Nurindah
- ISIM_12_Ramadan_in_Kyrgyzstan-An_Ethnographer-s_Gaze_on_Fasting.pdfUploaded byJoana Lucas
- Challenge the Victim Mentality of Western Muslims and a Crisis of Authority Across the Faith, Says Tariq RamUploaded byahmadsirazi
- Mistaking Revolutionary for Islamic Spirit.Uploaded byIbn Fulaan
- Mikail 2017Uploaded byRasbianto
- The Islamic States of Guernsey.Uploaded byAbdul Haye Amin
- EIFUploaded byHammad Khan
- The Educational System of IslamUploaded byImammiyah Hall
- # Sex Education in Islam...Uploaded byMuin
- MUHAMMAD AND FIRST FOUR CALIPHSUploaded byItsnaini syarifah
- PBS Imam Feisal Abdul Rauf Sharia LawUploaded byKim Hedum
- The Kw MagazineUploaded bylateef20071
- eman alhajji research paperUploaded byapi-249070003
- One Home One Pain Egyptian Solidarity in Alexandria and Beyond1Uploaded bysunflower852371
- MunajatImam AliUploaded bySuad JP
- Holawat BadarUploaded bynafilah
- The Most Dangerous Causes of Going Astray by Shaikh Saleh Bin Sa'ad as-SuhaymeeUploaded byMountainofknowledge
- Conditions of La Illaaha IllallahUploaded byapi-26719601
- Skor Data DibobotUploaded byKhairiana Fitri
- Ceamir Msg to TurkeyUploaded byceamirmsgtoturk

- Slow Intelligence Based Learner Centric Information Discovery SystemUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A survey on the Simulation Models and Results of Routing Protocols in Mobile Ad-hoc NetworksUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A Review on Role of Software-Defined Networking (SDN) in Cloud InfrastructureUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Effective Approaches of Classification Algorithms for Text Mining ApplicationsUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A Survey on Analyzing and Processing Data Faster Based on Balanced Partitioning_IIR_IJDMTA_V4_I2_006Uploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A Study for the Discovery of Web Usage Patterns Using Soft Computing Based Data Clustering TechniquesUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Impact of Stress on Software Engineers Knowledge Sharing and Creativity [A Pakistani Perspective]Uploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Prediction of Tumor in Classifying Mammogram images by k-Means, J48 and CART AlgorithmsUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A Study for the Discovery of Web Usage Patterns Using Soft Computing Based Data Clustering TechniquesUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- paper11.pdfUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Applying Clustering Techniques for Efficient Text Mining in Twitter DataUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Investigating Performance and Quality in Electronic Industry via Data Mining TechniquesUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A New Arithmetic Encoding Algorithm Approach for Text ClusteringUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Classification of Retinal Images for Diabetic Retinopathy at Non-Proliferative Stage using ANFISUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Three Phase Five Level Diode Clamped Inverter Controlled by Atmel MicrocontrollerUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A New Computer Oriented Technique to Solve Sum of Ratios Non-Linear Fractional Programming ProblemsUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Associative Analysis of Software Development Phase DependencyUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- RobustClustering Algorithm Based on Complete LinkApplied To Selection ofBio- Basis forAmino Acid Sequence AnalysisUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A Framework to Discover Association Rules Using Frequent Pattern MiningUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Multidimensional Suppression for KAnonymity in Public Dataset Using See5Uploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Significance of Similarity Measures in Textual Knowledge MiningUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A Review Paper on Outlier Detection using Two-Phase SVM Classifiers with Cross Training Approach for Multi- Disease DiagnosisUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- A Comparative Analysis on Credit Card Fraud Techniques Using Data MiningUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- Agricultural Data Mining –Exploratory and Predictive Model for Finding Agricultural Product PatternsUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research
- paper13.pdfUploaded byIntegrated Intelligent Research

- Islamic Lunar CalendarUploaded byMARIO
- Ramadan_FastinginRamadanUploaded byMaryam Saeed
- Creativity_Islam_DrUmar.pdfUploaded byjoebob19
- Ram Dam Diet GuideUploaded bymemast
- Friday Bulletin 384Uploaded byWajid Cockar
- Ramadan Special DuasUploaded byUsman Bala
- Updated Taleemul-Haq (Book of Fasting)Uploaded byMuadh Khan
- Fasting in RamadanUploaded bySuhail Kakpori
- Fasting DislikesUploaded byMaryam Farah Cruz Aguilar
- Siyam Book EnglishUploaded byImam Sedin Agić
- imembG.txtUploaded byRishi Chowdary
- Moonsighting Paper - Sh. MokhtarUploaded byShakhnoza Takhirova
- En Scholars Fatwas Regarding the Annulment of the Proofs Reported in Favor of RajabUploaded byRafeek Khan
- Guide to Working in Dubai by WorkAbroad.phUploaded bySyed Imran
- on Ramadan, Thanks and FrugalityUploaded bysilverpen
- Ramadan Reminder.Uploaded byMikel Alonso
- SINDHI PAHAKAS 1. Aaee Taando Khararan, BorchyaniUploaded bysindhigulab
- A Season of Worship-Rajab.sha'Baan.ramadanUploaded byaladnani
- guidetoramadhaan DUWAUploaded bySyed Abdul Khader
- Commentary on Sura al-IkhlasUploaded byNuruddin Zangi
- Islamic World NewsUploaded bywalliullahbukhari
- Islam notesUploaded byscribbyscrib
- PDF - TM Shawwal Newsletter - Issue 1Uploaded byZawiyah.orgTM
- May 2017colar.pdfUploaded byAnonymous EAPXs9Eo7
- Welcome RamadanUploaded byMuhammad Awais Tahir
- Ramadan Coloring PagesUploaded bySauda Mubeen
- Freemasonry and IslamUploaded byJimmy C. Andang
- General KnowledgeUploaded byFarrukh Khan
- Final Exam World Religions SY2018-2019.docxUploaded byJeanine Cristobal
- Yawm Al ShakkUploaded bymeczupca

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.