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DETAIL COURSE CURRICULUM

FOR

POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME
M.TECH IN

CIVIL ENGINEERING
(1st SEMESTER)

Specialization in Structural Engineering

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYAGARTALA TRIPURA (WEST)

STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING M.TECH FIRST SEMESTER Theory Subjects: Subject Code Name of the Subject

Sl. No.

Total Periods / week 04

Credit

Basic Core

01

PCE11B01

THEORY OF ELASTICITY & PLASTICITY

03

01

Core Subject I

02

PCE11C01

STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS

03

01

04

Core Subject II

03

PCE11C02

ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS ADVANCED STRUCTURAL DESIGN ADVANCED METAL STRUCTURES TALL STRUCTURES STRUCTURAL RELIABILITY ROCK MECHANICS ADVANCE MATHEMATICS NUMERICAL METHOD IN STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OPTIMIZATION IN ENGINEERING NONLINEAR ANALYSIS

03

01

04

04

PCE11E01-05

Elective Paper-I

03

01

04

05

PCE11E06-09

Elective Paper-II

03

01

04

Practical/Sessional Subjects: Sl.N o. Subject Code Name of the Subject L T P/S Total Periods/week

Credit

06 07 08

PCE11P01 PCE11P02 PCE11P03

Cement and Concerete Laboratory Stress analysis Laboratory Seminer

00 00 00

00 00 00

03 03 02

03 03 02

2 2 1

Total Contact Lectures per week= 20 Total credit=25 Each Lecture Period is of 1 hour.

ELECTIVE SUBJECTS
Sl. No 01 02 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 Subject Code
PCE11E01 PCE11E02 PCE11E03 PCE11E04 PCE11E05 PCE11E06 PCE11E07 PCE11E08 PCE11E09

Name of the Subject Elective I


ADVANCED STRUCTURAL DESIGN ADVANCED METAL STRUCTURES TALL STRUCTURES STRUCTURAL RELIABILITY ROCK MECHANICS

Number of lecture/Week 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04

Total Credit 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04

03 03 03 03 03 03 03 03

01 01 01 01 01 01 01 01

Elective II
ADVANCE MATHEMATICS NUMERICAL METHOD IN STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS OPTIMIZATION IN ENGINEERING NONLINEAR ANALYSIS

BASIC CORE SUBJECTS (A) THEORY OF ELASTICITY & PLASTICITY (PCE11B01)

LTP 3- 10=4
Elasticity: Base vectors and metric tensors -- Analysis of Strain and equations of compatibility Stresses and equations of equilibriumConstitutive relations -- Semi-inverse method.boundary conditions Airys stress function in Cartesian coordinates problems in polar coordinates. Torsion of solid sections Laplace- and Poissons equations solution in complex variables Solutions of bi-harmonic equations using complex-variables Three dimension potential problems Variational methods Theorem of minimum potential energy -- Theorem of minimum complementary energy Approximate solutions Error orthogonalization and Galerkins method Ritz method -Introduction finite element method Plasticity: Definitions and physical properties Yield criteria of Von-Mises and Tresca Druckers strain hardening and associative and non-associative flow rules. Elasto-plastic deformation of beams Elasto-plastic torsion Non-uniqueness of load paths Solution of rigid-perfectly plastic problems slip lines and flow net Numerical solutions of hyperbolic problems

References 1. Timoshenko, S.P. and Goodier, J.N., Theory of Elasticity, Mc Graw Hill, Singapore, 1982. 2. Fung, Y. C., Foundation of Solid Mechanics, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Lt. New Delhi. 3. Sokolnikoff, I. S., Mathematical Theory of Elasticity, Tata Mcgraw-Hill Pub. Comp. Ltd.,New Delhi. 4. WesterGard, H. M., Theory of Elasticity and Plasticity, Dover Publication, Inc., Newyork. 5. Kachanov, L.M., Fundamentals of the Theory of Plasticity, Mir Publishers, Moscow. 6. Prager and Hodge, Theory of perfectly plastic Solids, Dover Publication, Inc., Newyork. 7. Leipholz, H., Theory of Elasticity, Noordhoff International Publishing, Layden, 1974. 8. Xu, Z., Applied Elasticity, Wiley Eastern Ltd, India, 1992. 9. Srinath, L.S., Advanced Mechanics of Solids, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, India, 2003. 10. Ameen, M., Computational ElasticityTheory of Elasticity, Finite and Boundary Element Methods, Narosa Publishing House, 2004. 11. Martin, J.B., Plasticity: Fundamentals and General Results, MIT Press, London. 12. Chakrabarty, J, Theory of Plasticity, McGraw Hill, New York. 13. Hill, R., Mathematical Theory of Plasticity, Oxford University Press. 14. Chen, W.F., and Han, D.J., Plasticity for Structural Engineers, Springer Verlag.

CORE SUBJECT-I STRUCTURAL DYNAMICS (PCE11C01) LTP 3- 10=4


Over view:- Basic features of dynamic loading and response models for dynamic analysis lumped mass, generalized displacements and finite element models. Formulation of equation of motion Direct equilibration, principle of virtual displacement and Hamiltons principle. Degrees of freedom Translational and rotational systems - mass moment of inertia Generalized single degree of freedom systems- rigid body assemblage determination of characteristic properties. Free vibration of single degree of freedom system:- Solution of equation of motion, undraped free vibration - Damped free vibration, critically damped, under damped and over damped systems, Negative damping. Single degree of freedom system Response:- Response to harmonic loading, Undamped systemdamped system, Response to periodic loading -Fourier series expansion of the loading- response to Fourier series loading Exponential form of Fourier series loading and response- Complex frequency transfer functions. Response to impulsive loads :- Suddenly applied load, sine wave impulse, rectangular impulse, triangular impulse, spike loading, approximate analysis Response to general dynamic loading:- Duhamel integral for undamped system unit impulse response function numerical evaluation, response of damped system- numerical evaluation, Numerical analysis in the frequency domain, fast Fourier transform analysis. Multi degree of freedom system:- Two degree of freedom system equation of motion, characteristic equation, frequencies and mode shapes, coordinate coupling and choice of degree of freedom, orthogonality of modes, natural coordinates, superposition of natural Modes, response of two degree of freedom system to initial excitation, beat phenomenon, response to harmonic excitation Multi- degree of freedom system analysis of multi- degree of freedom system- mode superposition analysis. Distributed Parameter System: Partial differential equation of motion - Axial vibration of prismatic bars - Elementary case of flexural vibration of beams - Beam flexure including axial force effects. Orthogonality of modes- Normal Coordinates- Uncoupled Equations of flexible vibration of beams. Practical Vibration Analysis:- Determination of frequency by Raylieghs method, beam flexure selection of shape- improved Raylieghs method.

References
1. Clough,R.W. and Penzien, J., Dynamics of structures, McGraw Hill

2. Chopra, A.K., Dynamics of structures Theory and Application to Earthquake Engg., Prent. Hall. 3. Mario Paz, Structural Dynamics, CBS Publishers and Distributors 4. IS 1893 Criteria for Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures. 5. SP 22: Explanatory Handbook on Codes for Earthquake Engineering. 6. Meirovitch L., Elements of Vibration Analysis, Mc.Graw Hill. 7. Thomson W.T., Theory of Vibration with Applications, CBS Publ. 8. Craig, Jr. R.R., Structural Dynamics, John Wiley. 9. Hurty, W.C. and Rubinstein M.F., Dynamics of Structures, Prentice Hall.

CORE SUBJECT-II ADVANCED STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS (PCE11C02) LTP 3- 10=4 Review of fundamental principles and classical methods of structural analysis. Matrix methods of structural analysis: Stiffness and flexibility approach and their application to trusses, continuous beams, plane and grid frames. Influence lines for hyperstatic structures. Analysis of beams on elastic foundation. Plastic Analysis of beams, frames and slabs, Introduction to Finite element method. References: 1. Mukhopadhyay, M, Vibrations, Dynamics and Structural system , Oxford and IBH 2. Neal B.G. The Plastic Methods of Structural Analysis, Chapman & Hall Ltd 1. Sinha& Gayen Advanced Theory of Structures, Dhanpat Rai & Sons 2. Borg &Gennaro, Advanced Structural Analysis 3. Madhu B. Kanchi, Matrix Method of Structural Analysis, Wiley Eastern Limited 4. Grassie, James C. Analysis of Indeterminate Structures Longmans 5. Pandit Gupta, Structural Analysis, Mc. Graw Hill

Elective Paper-I (PCE11E01) (A) ADVANCED STRUCTURAL DESIGN LTP 3-10=4

Introduction: Design Philosophy, modeling of loads, material characteristics. Reinforced Concrete: M- relationship: IS code, ACI code, Behavior of RC element under flexure, shear, torsion and combined axial load-bending moment, Provision of IS ACI code. Design of Special RCC structures: Design of RC member in tension, Design of Chimney, Grid slab, Dome, Water tank, Folded plate. Prestressed concrete: Introduction, Prestressed systems, Pre-tensioned and post tensioned members, Analysis, Losses in Prestressed concrete, Pressure line, Load balancing concept, Factors influencing deflection, Analysis and design of statically determinate prestressed concrete structure for flexure and shear, Statically indeterminate beams. Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures: Design of flexural members, Design for Shear, bond and torsion. Design of End blocks and their importance.

References: 1. R. Ranganathan, Reliability analysis, Jaico Publishing House, 1999 2. S.U. Pillai and Devdas Menon, Reinforced concrete design, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing company limited, New Delhi 1998. 3. R. Park and T. Pauley, Reinforced concrete structures1995 4. N. Krishna Raju, Prestressed concrete, Third Edition, Tata Mcgrow Hill Publishing company limited, New Delhi 1995. 5. E.H. Gaylord, C.N. Gaylord and J. E. Stellmeyer, Design of Steel Structures, Mcgrow Hill 2000 6. S.N. Manohar, Tall Chimneys Tata Mcgrow Hill Publishing company limited, New Delhi 1985. 7. H.G. Harris and G.M. Sabnis, Structural Modelling and Experimental Techniques, second Edition, CRC Press, 1999 8. E. Bray and R.K. Stanley, Non destructive Evaluation, CRC Press,2002.

(B) ADVANCED METAL STRUCTURES (PCE11E02) LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction - Plastic methods of analysis and design - plastic behavior under static and cyclic loading - static, kinematic and uniqueness theorems - shape factors moment redistribution - Analysis of single and two bay portal frames - Plastic design with LRFD concepts - LRFD with elastic analysis - Current and future design philosophies.

Design of connections: Bolted connections - Failure modes of a joint - High strength bolts - HSFG bolts - Seat angle and web angle connections - moment resistant connections - semi rigid connections - Design of framed beam connection continuous beam to beam connection. Welded connections - Stiffened beam seat connection - Moment resistant joint Tubular connections - Parameters of an in plane joint - Hotspots - Welds in tubular joints Curved weld length at intersection of tubes - SHS and RHS tubes - design parameters Advance types of welded connections. Design of light gauge steel structures: Introduction Types of cross sections Materials Local and post buckling of thin elements Stiffened and multiple stiffened compression elements Tension members Beams and deflection of beams Combined stresses and connections. Design of industrial buildings: Design of members subjected to lateral loads and axial loads - Sway and non-sway frames, bracings and bents - Rigid frame joints - Knees for rectangular frames and pitched roofs - Knees with curved flanges - Valley joints Rigid joints in multistorey buildings - Vierendeel girders. Design of Aluminum Structures: Introduction Stress-strain relationship Permissible stresses Tension members Compression members Laced and battened columns Beams Local buckling of elements of compression Riveted and bolted connections. References 1. Gaylord ., Design of steel structures, McGraw Hill, New York. 2. Dayaratnam, P., Design of steel structures, Wheeler Pub. 3. Wie-Wen Yu.,Cold-Formed Steel Structures, McGraw Hill Book Company. 4. SP : 6(5) : ISI Handbook for Structural Engineers - Cold Formed light gauge steel structures. 5. SP : 6(6) : Application of plastic theory in design of steel structures. 6. IS : 801 : Code of Practice for use of Cold-Formed light gauge steel structural members in general building construction. 7. Lothers, Advanced design in steel, Prentice Hall, USA. 8. Chen, W.F., and Toma,., Advanced Analysis of Steel Frames.

(C) TALL STRUCTURES (PCE11E03) LTP 3- 10=4 Design philosophy- materials- loading- Gravity loading- Wind loading- Earthquake loading-blast loading. Behaviour of various structural systems- factors affecting growth, height and structural form- High rise behaviour, rigid frames, braced frames, infilled frames, shear walls,

coupled shear walls, wall frames, tubulars, cores, futrigger-braced and hybrid mega system. Analysis and design :- modeling for approximate analysis, Accurate analysis and reduction techniques. Analysis of building as total structural systems considering overall integrity and major subsystem interaction, Analysis for member forces, drift and twist, computerised general three dimensional analysis- Shear wall frame interaction. Structural elements :- Sectional shapes, properties and resisting capacity, deflection, cracking. Prestressing, design for differential movement, creep, and shrinkage effects, temperature effects and fire resistance. Stability of tall buildings Overall buckling analysis of frames- P- Delta analysis- Translational, torsional instability, out of plumb effects, effect of foundation rotation. References 1. Taranath , B.S., Structural Analysis and design of Tall Building, Tata McGraw Hill., 2. Wilf gang Schuller, High Rise Building Structures, John Wiley and Sons. 3. Lynn S. Beedle, Advances in Tall Buildings, CBS Publishers and Distributers, Delhi, 2. Brayan Stafford Smith, Alexcoull, Tall Building Structures, Analysis and Design,,John Wiley and Sons, 1991

(D) STRUCTURAL RELIABILITY (PCE11E04) LTP 3- 10=4 Concepts of structural safety Basic Statistics:- Introduction, data reduction Probability theory: Introduction, random events, random variables, functions of random variables, moments and expectation, common probability distributions. Resistance distributions and parameters: - Introduction, Statistics of properties ofconcrete, steel and other building materials, statistics of dimensional variations, characterization of variables, allowable stresses based on specified reliability. Probabilistic analysis of loads: gravity loads, wind loads Basic structural reliability:- Introduction, computation of structural reliability. Level 2 Reliability methods: Introduction, basic variables and failure surface, first order second moment methods (FOSM) Reliability based design: Introduction, determination of partial safety factors, development of reliability based design criteria, optimal safety factors

Monte Carlo study of structural safety: -General, Monte Carlo method, applications Reliability of Structural system: Introduction, system reliability, modelling of structural systems, bounds of system reliability, reliability analysis of frames. References 1. R. Ranganathan., Reliability Analysis and Design of Structures, Tata McGraw Hill, 1990. 2. Ang, A. H. S & Tang, W. H., Probability Concepts in Engineering Planning and 1. Design, Vol. I Basic Principles, John Wiley & Sons, 1975. 2. Ang, A. H. S & Tang, W. H., Probability Concepts in Engineering Planning and 3. Design, Vol. II Decision, Risks and Reliability, John Wiley & Sons, 1984. 4. Jack R. Benjamin & C. Allin Cornell., Probability, Statistics and Decision for 5. Engineers, McGraw-Hill.

(E) ROCK MECHANICS


(PCE11E05) LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction. Classification and Index Properties of Rocks. Rock Strength and Failure Criteria. Initial Stresses in Rocks and Their Measurement. Planes of Weaknesses in Rocks. Deformability of Rocks. Applications of Rock Mechanics in Engineering for Underground Openings. Application of Rock Mechanics to Rock Slope Engineering. Application of Rock Mechanics to Foundation Engineering. References: 1. Richard E. Goodman Introduction to Rock Mechanics Rock Mechanics and Engineering-Charles Jaeger 2. Richard E. Goodman & Gen- Hua Shi Block Theory and its Application to Rock Engineering.

Elective Paper-II (A) ADVANCE MATHEMATICS


(PCE11E06)

LTP 3- 10=4

1.

Calculus of Variations Variation and its properties Eulers equation Conditional extreme Isoperimetric problems Functional dependant on first and higher order derivatives Functional dependent on functions of several independent variables some applications Direct methods Ritz and Kantorovich methods, Eulers finite difference method. Laplace Transforms and Fourier Transforms. Application of Fourier Transform in solving initial and boundary value problems. Laplace Equation. Heat equation and wave equation. Hankels Transform, elementing properties of Hankel transforms, Hankel inversion and transform theorems. Hankel transforms of derivatives of d 2 f 1 df n 2 = f. functions. Parsevels theorem. Hankel transforms of 2 + x dx x 2 dx Simulation Types, case studies in various fields using simulation techniques, simulation softwares used, use of mathematical models based on probabilistic and statistical methods. Partial Differential Equations Formation of PDE. Solutions of PDE. Equations solvable by direct integration. Linear equations of the first order. Non-linear equations of the first order. Charpits Method. Homogeneous Linear equations with constant coefficient. Non-Homo geneous Linear equations. Non-Linear equations of the second order. Solution of Parabolic and Hyperbolic equations Implicit and Explicit Schemes, ADI methods, Non Linear parabolic equations Iteration method. Solution of elliplic equation Jacobi method, Gauss - Seidel & SOR method. Richardson method, RKF4. Introduction to finite element method and its scope.

2.

3.

4.

5.

References 1. Kreyszig Erwin, Advanced Engineering Mathematics, John Wiley & Sons (Asia) Pvt Ltd. 2. Krishnamurthy & Sen, Numerical Algorithms, Afiliated East-west press private Limited, New Delhi. 3. Ramana, B. V., Higher Engineering Mathematics, The McGraw-Hill Companies, New-Delhi.

(B) NUMERICAL METHOD IN STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS


(PCE11E07)

LTP 3- 10=4

Fundamentals of numerical methods: error analysis, differentiation, integration, interpolation and extrapolation. Solution of non linear algebraic and transcendental equations. Solutions of systems of linear and non linear algebraic equations. Eigen value problems initial and boundary value problems, use of finite difference, finite element and other numerical technique for solving problems of equilibrium, stability and vibration of structure.

References: 1. J.B. Scarborough, Numerical Mathematical Analysis, Oxford & IBH Publishing Co Pvt., 2000 2. K.K. Jain, S.R.K. Iyengar and R.K. Jain Numerical Methods-problems and Solutions, Wiley Eastern Limited, 2001 3. R.W. Hamming, Numerical Methods for Scientists and Engineers, Mcgraw Hill, 1998 4. J.H. Mathews and K.D. Fink, Numerical Methods using MATLAB, Pearson Education, 2004 5. A.J. Hayter, Probability and Statistics, Duxbury, 2002.

(C) OPTIMIZATION IN ENGINEERING


(PCE11E08)

LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction. Problem formulation with examples. Single Variable Unconstrained Optimisation Techniques Bracketing methods: Unrestricted search, Exhaustive search. Optimality Criteria.

Region Elimination methods: Interval Halving methods, Dichotomous search, Fibonacci method, Golden section method. Interpolation methods: Quadratic Interpolation method, Cubic Interpolation method. Gradient Based methods: Newton-Raphson method, Secant method, Bisection method. Multi Variable Unconstrained Unidirectional Search. Optimisation Techniques. Optimality Criteria.

Direct Search methods: Random search, Grid search, Univariate method, Hookes and Jeeves pattern search method, Powells conjugate direction method, Simplex method. Gradient based methods: Cauchys (Steepest descent) method, Conjugate gradient(Fletcher-Reeves) method, Newtons method, Variable metric (DFP)method, BFGS method. Constrained Optimisation Techniques . Classical methods: Direct substitution method, Constrained variation method, method of Lagrange multipliers, Kuhn-Tucker conditions.

Linear programming problem: Standard form, Simplex method. Indirect methods: Elimination of constraints, Transformation techniques, and Penalty function method. Direct methods: Zoutendijks method of feasible direction, Rosens gradient Projection method. Specialized Optimisation techniques Dynamic programming, Geometric programming, Genetic Algorithms.

References 1. Rao S. S., Engineering Optimisation Theory and Practice, New Age International. 2. Deb, K., Optimisation for Engineering Design Algorithms and examples, Prentice Hall. 1. Kirsch U., Optimum Structural Design, McGraw Hill. 2. Arora J S. Introduction to Optimum Design, McGraw Hill 3. Rajeev S and Krishnamoorthy C. S., Discrete Optimisation of Structures using Genetic Algorithms, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 118, No. 5, 1992, 12231250. (D) NONLINEAR ANALYSIS
(PCE11E09)

LTP 3- 10=4 Tensor analysis, deformation and velocity fields, conservation laws, invariants, finite strain theories, nonlinear constitutive equations, deformation and post buckling behaviour of elastic arches, beams, plates and columns. Nonlinear oscillations and dynamic stability, critical points, elements of functional analysis, linear spaces spectral theory, Eigen value problems bifurcation, applications References: 3. Introduction to Rock Mechanics -Richard E. Goodman 4. Rock Mechanics and Engineering-Charles Jaeger 5. Block Theory and its Application to Rock Engineering-Richard E. Goodman, Gen- Hua Shi

Laboratory I Cement and Concrete Laboratory


(PCE11P01)

LTP 0- 03=2 Study of the effect of water/cement ratio on workability and strength of concrete - Effect of aggregate/cement ratio on strength of concrete - Effect of fine aggregate/coarse aggregate ratio on strength and permeability of concrete - Study of Mix design methods -

study of stress-strain curve of concrete - correlation between cube strength, cylinder strength, split tensile strength and modulus of rupture - effect of cyclic loading on steel Non-Destructive testing of concrete. Laboratory II Stress Analysis Laboratory
(PCE11P02)

LTP 0- 03=2 Measurement of Strain: - Mechanical Strain Gauges- Electrical Strain gauges- Extensometers and Compressometers Measurement of Deflection:- Dial gauges - Linear Variable Differential Transducers Principles of operations of UTM, hydraulic loading systems, force measuring devices etc. Study of the behaviour of structural materials and structural members- Casting and testing of simple compression, tension and flexural members. Introduction to Non Destructive Testing of RCC members. New Reinforced Cement Composites:- Introduction to Steel fiber reinforced concrete Ferrocement Polymer concrete - Self Compacting Concrete High Performance Concrete. Course Requirement Number of suitable experiments will be designed involving the use of above instruments, so that a student on successful completion of the course shall be in a position to use any of these instruments for experiments and testing work. A student will be required to conduct specified number of experiments and submit a report/record of such work. The grades will be awarded based on the performance in the laboratory work, report/record of experiments and a viva-voce examination conducted at the end of the course. SEMINAR
(PCE11P03)

LTP 0- 02=1 Each Student shall prepare a Report and present a Seminar on any topic related to the branch of specialization under the guidance of a staff member. The student shall submit typed copy of the paper to the Department. Grades will be awarded on the basis of contents of the paper and the presentation.

DETAIL COURSE CURRICULUM FOR POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME M.TECH IN CIVIL ENGINEERING (2nd Semester) Specialization in Structural Engineering

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TRIPURA (WEST)

TECHNOLOGYAGARTALA

M.TECH(STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING) SECOND SEMESTER Theory Subjects: Subject Code

Sl. No.

Name of the Subject

Total Periods/ week

Credit

Basic

01

Core

PCE12B01

THEORY OF ELASTIC STABILITY

03

01

04

Subject -

02

Core

PCE12C01

FINITE ELEMENT METHOD I

03

01

04

Subject -

II

03

Core

PCE12C02

SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES THEORY OF PLATES AND SHELLS WIND ENGINEERING SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION PRESTRESSED CONCERETE EXPERIMENTAL METHODS OF STRUCTURAL ANALYSI BRIDGE ENGINEERING

03

01

04

04

PCE12E0105

Elective Paper-I

03

01

04

05

RANDOM VIBRATION STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING MECHANICS OF COMPOSITE PCE12E06STRUCTURE 12 ROCK SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY CONTROL BEHAVIOUR OF CONCERETE STRUCTURES Practical/Sessional Subjects: Elective Paper-II Subject Code

03

01

04

Sl. No. 05 06 07 08

Name of the Subject

P/S

Total Periods/week 03 03 03 00

Credit

PCE12P01 PCE12P02 PCE12P03 PCE12P04 Total credit=27 Each Lecture Period is of 1hour

Project Preliminaries Structural Engineering Laboratory Computer aided design Laboratory Comprehensive Viva-Voce

00 00 00 00

00 00 00 00

03 03 03 00

2 2 2 1

Total Contact Lectures per week= 20

ELECTIVE SUBJECTS

Sl. No

Subject Code

Name of the Subject

Number of lecture/Week

Total Credit

Elective I 01 02 03 04 05 PCE12E01 PCE12E02 PCE12E03 PCE12E04 PCE12E05 THEORY OF PLATES AND SHELLS WIND ENGINEERING SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION PRESTRESSED CONCERETE EXPERIMENTAL METHODS OF STRUCTURAL ANALYSI Elective II 06 07 08 09 10 11 12 PCE12E06 PCE12E07 PCE12E08 PCE12E09 PCE12E10 PCE12E11 PCE12E12 BRIDGE ENGINEERING RANDOM VIBRATION STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING MECHANICS OF COMPOSITE STRUCTURE ROCK SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY CONTROL BEHAVIOUR OF CONCERETE STRUCTURES 03 03 03 03 01 01 01 01 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 04 03 01 04 04 03 03 03 01 01 01 04 04 04 04 04 04

BASIC CORE SUBJECT THEORY OF ELASTIC STABILITY (PCE12B01) LTP 3- 10=4 Concepts and different models of stability Mathematical aspects and Fredholm alternatives deflection of beam-columnDerivation of stability matrix for matrix displacement methodApproximate stability matrix for determining critical loadFinite element approach for stability of trusses and frames -- Effect of shear deformation Torsional buckling of thin-walled open sections Lateral buckling of beams. Elasto-Plastic buckling of columns. Influence of locked stresses on buckling Buckling of rings asymmetric instability of arches Buckling of rectangular plates buckling of plates with holes Post buckling deformation Local buckling of thin cylinders in axial compression growth of imperfections and its influence on local stability imperfection sensitivity. Path tracking in displacement-load space for locating critical point and post buckling continuation Introduction to dynamic stability REFERENCES: 1. Timoshenko, S.P., and Gere, J.M., Theory of Elastic Stability, McGraw Hill, Singapore. 2. Chajes, A., Principles of Structural Stability Theory, Prentice Hall Inc., Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey. 3. Bolotin, V. V., The Dynamic Stability of Elastic Systems Holden-Day,INC, San Francisco, London, Amsterdam. 4. Ziegler, Hans, Principles of Structural stability, Blaisdell Publishing Company, Toronto. 5. Brush, D.O., and Almorth, B.O., Buckling of Bars, Plates and Shells, McGraw Hill. 6. Kumar, A., Stability of Structures, Allied Publishers Limited. 7. Iyengar, N.G.R., Structural Stability of Columns and Plates, East West Press. 8. Naschie, Stress, Stability and Chaos in structural Engineering-An Energy Approach, Mc Graw Hill Book Company

CORE SUBJECT-I FINITE ELEMENT METHOD (PCE12C01) LTP 3- 10=4 INTRODUCTION Boundary Value Problem - Approximate Solution - Variational and Weighted Residual Methods - Ritz and Galerkin Formulations - Concepts of Piecewise Approximation and Finite Elements - Displacement and Shape Functions - Weak Formulation - Minimum Potential Energy - Generation of Stiffness Matrix and Load Vector. STRESS ANALYSIS Two Dimentional problems - Plane Stress, Plain Strain and Axisymmetric Problems - Triangular and Quadrilateral Elements - Natural Coordinates - Isoparametric Formulation - Numerical Integration - Plate Bending and Shell Elements - Brick Elements - Elements for Fracture Analysis.

MESHING AND SOLUTION PROBLEMS Higher Order Elements - p and h Methods of refinement - IIL conditioned Elements - Discretization Errors -Auto and Adaptive Mesh Generation Techniques - Error Evaluation. NONLINEAR AND VIBRATION PROBLEMS Material and Geometric Nonlinearity - Methods of Treatment - Consistent System Matrices Dynamic Condensation - Eigen Value Extraction. THERMAL ANALYSIS Application to Thermal analysis Problems. PRACTICALS REFERENCES: 1. Mukhopadhyay, M, Vibrations, Dynamics and Structural system , Oxford and IBH 2. Zeinkiewicz , O.C. Finite element method O.C., Tata Mc Gra Hill,1988. 3. Zienkiewicz & Taylor, The Finite Element method- Vol 1, Mcgraw-Hill International Editions 4. Zienkiewicz & Taylor, The Finite Element method- Vol II, Mcgraw-Hill International Editions. 5. Reddy, J.N., An Introduction to the Finite Element method, Mcgraw-Hill International Editions 6. Krishna Murthy, C.S., Finite element Analysis- Theory and programming Tata Mc Gra Hill. 7. Cook, R.D. Concepts and Applications of Finite Element Analysis, John Willey & Sons 8. Zienkiewicz & Taylor, The Finite Element method- Vol 3, Mcgraw-Hill International Editions 9. Maurice Petyt, Introduction to Finite Element Vibration analysis, Cambridge University Press. 10. Yang, T. Y., Finite Element Structural Analysis, PHI 11. Rao, S. S., The Finite Element Method in Engineering, Pergamon Press. 12. Seshu, P., Finite element Analysis PHI

CORE SUBJECT-II SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STRUCTURES (PCE12C02) LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction to Earthquake: Interior of earth; Causes, strength and effects of earthquakes; seismic waves; Measurements of earthquakes. Seismic response of soils and structures: Dynamic properties of soils, site response to earthquake, Seismic response of soil-structure system; seismic consideration for foundation; Elastic seismic response of structures; Non-linear seismic response of structures; level of damping in different structures; Interaction of frames and infill panels; Method of seismic analysis of structures. Earthquake resistant Design Philosophy Criteria for earthquake resistant design; Principles of reliable seismic behavior- form, materials and failure modes; specific structural forms for earthquake resistance-moment-resisting frames, shear wall, concentrically braced frames, hybrid structural system. Energy isolating and dissipating devices. Earthquake resistant design of structures Seismic response of masonry, Design and construction details for reinforced masonry. Seismic response of reinforced concrete, Design and Detailing of Reinforced concrete Structures. Restoration and Strengthening. REFERENCES:

Paulay, T & Priestley, Seismic design of RC and masonry buildings John Wiley & Sons, 1996. Blume, J.A. ,Design of multi-storey RC buildings for earthquake motions Newmark and Corning Portland Cement Association. 3. Dowrick, D.J., Earthquake resistant design., John Wiley & Sons. 4. Agarwal & Shrikande, Earthquake Resistant Design of Structures, PHI 5. I.S. 1893 - 2002, Criteria for Earthquake Resistance design of Structures. 6. IS.13920 1993, Ductile detailing of Reinforced concrete structures subjected to seismic forces, Bureau of Indian Standards,New Delhi.

1. 2.

ELECTIVE PAPER-I (A) THEORY OF PLATES AND SHELLS (PCE12E01) LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction:- Assumptions in the theory of thin plates Pure bending of Plates Relations between bending moments and curvature - Particular cases of pure bending of rectangular plates, Cylindrical bending - immovable simply supported edges Synclastic bending and Anticlastic bending Strain energy in pure bending of plates in Cartesian and polar co-ordinates Limitations. Laterally Loaded Circular Plates:- Differential equation of equilibrium Uniformly loaded circular plates with simply supported and fixed boundary conditions Annular plate with uniform moment and shear force along the boundaries. Laterally Loaded Rectangular Plates: - Differential equation of plates Boundary conditions Navier solution for simply supported plates subjected to uniformly distributed load and point load Levys method of solution for plates having two opposite edges simply supported with various symmetrical boundary conditions along the other two edges loaded with u. d. l. Simply supported plates with moments distributed along the edges - Approximate Methods. Effect of transverse shear deformation - plates of variable thickness Anisotropic plates- thick platesorthotropic plates and grids - Large Deflection theory . Deformation of Shells without Bending:- Definitions and notation, shells in the form of a surface of revolution, displacements, unsymmetrical loading, spherical shell supported at isolated points, membrane theory of cylindrical shells, the use of stress function in calculating membrane forces of shells. General Theory of Cylindrical Shells:- A circular cylindrical shell loaded symmetrically with respect to its axis, symmetrical deformation, pressure vessels, cylindrical tanks, thermal stresses, inextensional deformation, general case of deformation, cylindrical shells with supported edges, approximate investigation of the bending of cylindrical shells, the use of a strain and stress function, stress analysis of cylindrical roof shells. References 1. 2. 3. 4.

S.P Timoshenko and S.W Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells, McGraw Hill R. Szilard, Theory and Analysis of Plates Classical Numerical Methods, Prentice Hall inc N.K Bairagi, Plate Analysis, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi. P.L. Gould analysis of Shells and Plates, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988.

(B) WIND ENGINEERING (PCE12E02) LTP

3- 10=4

Climatology and meteorology of the Earths boundary layer. Wind characteristics, extreme wind analysis, bluff-body aerodynamics, wind flow around buildings and structures, wind loading codes, Basic aerodynamics, Structural dynamics, and principles of stochastic loadings applicable to the wind engineering of structures. Wind tunnel modeling of buildings and bridges. Aero elastic and other special problems.

REFERENCES: 5. Wind Effects on Structures: Fundamentals and Application to Design E Simiu, R H. Scanlan John Wiley & Sons, 1996. (C) SOIL STRUCTURE INTERACTION `` (PCE12E03) LTP 3- 10=4 Soil-Foundation Interaction Introduction to soil-Foundation interaction problems, soil behaviour, Foundation behjaviour, Interface behaviour, Scope of soil foundation interaction analysis, soil response models, Winkler, Elastic continuum,Two parameter elastic models, Elastic plastic behaviour, Time dependent behaviour . Beam on Elastic Foundation Infinite beam, Two parameters, Isotropic elastic half space, Analysis of beams of finite length, Classification of finite beams in relation to their stiffness Plate on elastic medium Infinite plate,Winkler,Two parameters, isotropic elastic medium, Thin and thick plates, Analysis of finite plates, rectangular and circular plates, Numerical analysis of finite plates, simple solutions Elastic Analysis of Pile Elastic analysis of single pile, Theoretical solutions for settlement and load distributions, analysis of pile group , Interaction analysis, Load distribution in groups with rigid cap. Laterally loaded pile Load deflection prediction for laterally loaded piles, Subgrade reaction and elastic analysis, Interaction analysis, Pile raft system, Solutions through influence charts

References: 1. 2. 2. 3.

Selva durai, A.P.S.., Elastic Analysis of Soil Foundation Interaction,Elsevier,1979 Poulos, H.G., and Davis,E.H., Pile Foundation Analysis and Design, John Wiley,1980 Scott,R.F.,Foundation Analysis,Prentice Hall,1981 Structure Soil Interaction - State of Art Report,Institution of Structural Engineers,1978. 4. ACI 336, Suggested Analysis and Design Procedures for combined footings and Mats, American Concrete Institute, Delhi,1988 (C) PRESTRESSED CONCERETE (PCE12E04) LTP 3- 10=4

INTRODUCTION AND CODAL PROVISIONS

Principles of Prestressing - types and systems of prestressing, need for High Strength materials, Analysis methods losses, deflection (short-long term), camber, cable layouts. Behaviour under flexure - codal provisions (IS, British ACI and DIN), ultimate strength. DESIGN PRINCIPLES FOR FLEXURE SHEAR BOND AND END BLOCKS Design of flexural members, Design for Shear, bond and torsion. Design of End blocks and their importance. Design of tension members - application in the design of prestressed pipes and prestressed concrete cylindrical water tanks. DESIGN OF COMPRESSION MEMBERS Design of compression members with and without flexure - its application in the design piles, flagmasts and similar structures. COMPOSITE BEAMS Composite beams - analysis and design, ultimate strength - their applications. Partial prestressing - its advantages and applications. CONTINUOUS BEAMS Application of prestressing in continuous beams, concept of linear transformation, concordant cable profile and cap cables. DESIGN OF SPECIAL STRUCTURES Special structures like prestressed folded plates, prestressed cylindrical shells, prestressed concrete poles.

References 1. Prestressed Concrete by Krishna Raju, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. 2nd Edition, 1988. 2. Fundamentals of Prestressed Concrete by N.C.Sinha & S.K.Roy S.Chand & Co., 1985. References: 1. T.Y.Lin, Design of Prestressed Concrete Structures, John Wiley and Sons, Inc 1960. 2. Leonhardt.F., Prestressed Concrete, Design and Construction, Wilhelm Ernst and Shon, Berlin, 1964. 3. Freyssinet, Prestressed Concrete 4. Military Engineers Hand Book 5. Evans, R.H. and Bennett, E.W., Prestressed Concrete, Champman and Hall, London, 1958. (E) EXPERIMENTAL METHODS OF STRUCTURAL ANALYSI (PCE12E05) LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction: Theories of similarities, Dimensional analysis, Model and analogies- Classification and Equivaience, Design of models distorted models. Ultimate strength models. Mechanical, Electrical,Optical and acoustic methods of measurement of static and dynamic quantities. Transducers, Photoelasticity and photoelastic coating techniques. Brittle quoting and moir method. Nondestructive testing. In-situ tests. Short term and long term methods. References: 1. Dally &reily, Experimental stress Analysis 2. Dove &Admam, Experimental stress Analysis

ELECTIVE PAPER-II (A) BRIDGE ENGINEERING (PCE12E06) LTP 3- 10=4

Introductionclassification and components of bridges layout and planning Structural forms of bridge decks grillage analysis of slab decks, beam and slab decks, cellular decks. Standard specifications for bridges IRC loadings for road bridges standards for railway bridges design of RC slab, skew slab and box culverts. Design of T beam bridges balanced cantilever bridges rigid frame bridges Arch bridges bow string girder bridges. Design of plate girder bridges steel trussed bridges Introduction to long span bridges: cable stayed bridges and suspension bridges instability. Forces on piers and abutments Design of piers and abutments types of wing walls types of bearings design of bearings. References 1. E.C. Hambly, Bridge deck behaviour, Chapman and Hall, London 2. E.J. OBrien and D.L. Keogh, Bridge deck analysis, E& FN Spon, New York 3. D.Johnson Victor, Essentials of bridge engineering, Oxford & IBH publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 4. N.Krishna Raju, Design of bridges, Oxford & IBH publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi.

(B) RANDOM VIBRATION (PCE12E07) LTP 3- 10=4 Basic Theory of Stochastic Processes (A review): Introduction, statistics of stochastic processes, ergodic processes, some properties of the correlation functions, spectral analysis, Wiener-Khintchine equation. Stochastic Response of Linear SDOF Systems: Deterministic dynamics, evaluation of impulse response function and frequency response function, impulse response function and frequency response function as Fourier Transform pairs, stochastic dynamics, response to stationary excitation, time domain analysis, frequency domain analysis, level crossing, peak, first passage time and other characteristics of the response of SDOF Systems Linear systems with multiple inputs and outputs: Linear MDOF Systems, uncoupled modes of MDOF systems, stochastic response of linear MDOF Systems time domain and frequency analysis. Stochastic response of linear continuous system. Response of non-linear systems to random excitation: Approach to problems, FokkerPlank equation, statistical linearization, perturbation and Markov Vector Methods. Fatigue damage of structure due to random loads. References 1. Nigam N. C., Introduction to Random Vibrations, MIT Press, Cambridge, USA,1983. 2. Loren D Lutes & Shahram Sarkani., Stochastic Analysis of Structural and Mechanical Vibrations, Prentice Hall, NJ, 1997. 3. J Solnes, Stochastic Processes & Random Vibration, Theory and Practice, John Wiley,1997 4. Lin, Y. K., Probabilistic Theory in Structural Dynamics, McGraw Hill. 5. Bendat & Piesol., Random Data Analysis and Measurement Procedure, John Wiley, 1991. 6. 6. Meirovitch, L., Elements of Vibration Analysis, McGraw Hill, 1986. 7. Papoulis, A., Probability, Random Variables and Stochastic Processes, McGraw Hill, 1991. 8. Ray W Clough & Joseph Penzien,. Dynamics of Structures, McGraw Hill, 1993. 9. (C) STRUCTURAL HEALTH MONITORING

(PCE12E08) LTP 3- 10=4 1. Review of Structural Modelling and Finite Element Models: Modelling for damage and collapse behaviour of structures, finite element modelling, theoretical prediction of structural failures. 2. Review of Signals, Systems and Data Acquisition Systems: Frequency and time domain representation of systems, Fourier/Laplace transforms, modelling from frequency response measurements, D/A and A/D converters, programming methods for data acquisition systems. 3. Sensors for Health Monitoring Systems: Acoustic emission sensors, ultrasonic sensors, piezoceramic sensors and actuators, fibre optic sensors and laser shearography techniques, imaging techniques. 4. Health Monitoring/Diagnostic Techniques: Vibration signature analysis, modal analysis, neural network-based classification techniques. 5. Integrated Health Monitoring Systems: Intelligent Health Monitoring Techniques, Neural network classification techniques, extraction of features from measurements, training and simulation techniques, connectionist algorithms for anomaly detection, multiple damage detection, and case studies. 6. Information Technology for Health Monitoring: Information gathering, signal analysis, information storage, archival, retrieval, security; wireless communication, telemetry, real time remote monitoring, network protocols, data analysis and interpretation. 7. Project Based Health Monitoring Techniques: Health monitoring techniques based on case studies, practical aspects of testing large bridges for structural assessment, optimal placement of sensors, structural integrity of aging multistorey buildings, condition monitoring of other types of structures. References 1. Philip, W., Industrial sensors and applications for condition monitoring, MEP, 1994. 2. Armer, G.S.T (Editor), Monitoring and assessment of structures, Spon, London, 2001. 3. Wu, Z.S. (Editor), Structured health monitoring and intelligent infrastructure, Volumes 1 and 2, Balkema, 2003. 4. Harris, C.M., Shock vibration handbook, McGraw-Hill, 2000. 5. Rao, J.S., Vibratory condition monitoring of machines, Narosa Publishing House, India, 2000. (D) MECHANICS OF COMPOSITE STRUCTURE (PCE12E09) LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction: - Composite beams- Elastic behaviour of composite beams- No interaction case-Full interaction case-Shear connectors-Characteristics of shear connectors-Ultimate load behaviour-Serviceability limits-Basic design considerations-Design of composite beams. Composite floors: - Structural elements-Profiled sheet decking-Bending resistanceServiceability criteria-Analysis for internal forces and moments. Composite columns: - Materials-Structural steel-Concrete-Reinforced steel-Composite column design-Fire resistance-Combined compression and uniaxial bending Continuous beams and slab Hogging moment regions of composite beams-Vertical shear and moment-Shear interaction-Global analysis of continuous beams-Design strategies

10

References 1 Johnson,R.P, Composite Structures of Steel and Concrete,Vol.1Beams,Slabs,Columns and Frames in Buildings, Oxford Blackwell Scientific Publications, London. 2 INSDAG teaching resource for structural steel design, Vol 2, INSDAG, Ispat Niketan, Calcutta. (E) ROCK SLOPE STABILITY ANALYSIS (PCE12E10) LTP 3- 10=4 Problem Definition and Landslide Classification Rock Slope Engineering Geomechanical Characterisation of Discontinuities Shear Strength Ground Water Flow in Rock Mass Geomechanical Model Rock falls, Topples and Buckles Sliding Phenomena Analysis Dynamic Equilibrium Equation Method Stabilization and Protection Methods References: 1. Rock Slope Stability AnalysisGian Paolo Giani, A. A. BALKEMA/ROTTERDAM/BROOKFIELD 2. Slope Stability and Stabilization Methods -Lee W. Abramson, Thomas S. Lee, Sunil sharma, Glenn M. Boyce, John Wiley &Sons.Inc 3. Block Theory and its Application to Rock Engineering -Richard E. Goodman Gen-Hua Shi, PHI,Inc

(F) CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND QUALITY CONTROL (PCE12E11) LTP 3- 10=4 Systems approach - Overview of Management objectives - Project Management - Construction Management through Network analysis - Cost optimisation - Resource planning - Updating and Project control - Construction Cost Engineering - cost controls - Project cost forecasting - Principles of value engineering - Break-down analysis - Cost modelling technique - Related Ratio Energy modelling - Life cycle cost approach - Contracts, Specifications and Law - Integrated Construction Management Information systems - MIS-PMIS - Organising Human Resources - Role of Computers in Construction Industry: - Quality Control in Construction projects REFERENCES: 1. Project Management - A systems approach to Planning, Scheduling and Controlling - Herold Kerzner. 2. Fundamentals of Construction Management and Organisation - K.Waker, Ateraih and Jose M.Grevarn. 3. Construction Cost Engineering Hand Book - Anghel Patrason. 4. Value Engineering in Construction Industry - Dell Isola (G) BEHAVIOUR OF CONCERETE STRUCTURES (PCE12E12) LTP 3- 10=4

11

Limit State Design Philosophy Behaviour of Columns Biaxial bending Interaction surfaces Shear and Torsion Modes of failure Moment curvature diagrams Ductility of R.C. members Confined concrete Yield line theory of slabs- Statically Indeterminate Pre-stressed Concrete Structures Cable profile Concordant cable and linear Transformation Combined shear, Bending Moment and TorquePrinciples of detailing Strut and Tie models.

References 1. R.C.C. Structures Park & Paulay 2. Reinforced and prestressed concerete structures Kong and Evans, ELBS 3. Prestressed concerete T.Y.Lin, McGraw hill publication.

Project Prelimineries (PCE12P01) LTP 0- 0 3 = 2 Each student will be given a Thesis/Project problem at the begining of Second Semester. He/She will work on the literature survey, scope of work, equipment development etc. and submit a report/dissertation. The main Thesis/Project work will, however, be done in Third and Fourth Semester.

Laboratory -III STRUCTURAL ENGINEEERING LABORATORY (PCE12P02) LTP 0 0 3 = 2 Study of behaviour of Beams under flexure Under Reinforced, Balanced and Over Reinforced BeamsStudy of Shear- Effect of Shear Span to Depth ratio- Torsion- Testing of Beams under Pure TorsionTesting of Prestressed Concrete Beams. REFERENCES: 1. 2. Concrete technology- Neveli Pearson Publishers, 2000 Concrete Technology M.S. Shetty S. Chand and Co., 2001

Laboratory -IV COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN LAB (PCE12P03) LTP 0 0 3 = 3 Hands on experience on application software , STAAD, ANSYS, ABACUS, MIDAS - Development of software and application to Structural Engg Problems. Comprehensive Viva-Voce (PCE12P04) LTP 0 0 0 = 1

12

Viva-voce will be conducted for each of the post graduate students at the end of the Second Semester in the department by the board of examiners constituted by the Geotechnical Engineering Section of Civil Engineering Department.

13

DETAIL COURSECURRICULUM
FOR

POSTGRADUATEPROGRAMME
M.TECH IN

CIVILENGINEERING
(3rd&4thSEMESTER)

Specializationin StructuralEngineering
NATIONALINSTITUTEOFTECHNOLOGYAGARTALA TRIPURA(WEST)

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, AGARTALA CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT SYLLABUS FOR M.TECH THIRD & FOURTH SEMESTER

Subjects:
Sl. Subject Code No. 01 02 PCE13P01
PCE14P01

Name of the Subject

Total Periods/week

Credit

Project & Thesis Project & Thesis

15 20

Total credit=35

DETAIL COURSE CURRICULUM FOR POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME M.TECH IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


Specialization in Geotechnical Engineering

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYAGARTALA TRIPURA (WEST)

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, AGARTALA CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT

Page1of26

Geotechnical Engineering FIRST SEMESTER


Theory Subjects Sl. No. Subject Code Name of the Subject L T P Periods/Week Total Periods/ Week Credi t

Core

2.

Subject -

Core

PCE21B01

Basic

1.

03

01

00

04

PCE21C01

03 I

01

00

04

Core

Elective

4.

Paper-I

II

3.

Subject -

PCE21C02

03

01

00

04

PCE21E01-05

03

01

00

04

Elective

5.

Paper-II

PCE21E06-10

03

01

00

04

Practical Subjects Periods/Week Subject Code Name of the Subject L 6. Soil Mechanics Laboratory Foundation Engineering Laboratory Seminar 00 T 00 P 03 03 2 Total Periods/Week Credit

Sl. No.

PCE21P01

7. 8.

PCE21P02

00 00

00 00

03 02

03 02

2 1

PCE21P03

Page2of26

SECOND SEMESTER
Theory Subjects Sl. No. 1. 2. 3. 4.
PCE22B01 PCE22C01 PCE22C02 PCE22E01-06

Subject Code Name of the Subject

Periods/Week L Basic Core Core Subject - I Core Subject - II Elective Paper-I 03 03 03 03 T 01 01 01 01 P 00 00 00 00

Total Periods/Week 04 04 04 04

Credit

4 4 4 4

Practical Subjects Sl. No. 5. 6. 7. 8. Subject Code Name of the Subject L T 00 00 00 00 P 04 03 02 00 Periods/week Total Periods/week 04 03 02 00

Credit

PCE22P01 PCE22P02 PCE22P03

Project Preliminaries Foundation Design and Detailing Computer Aided Geotechnical Design Laboratory Comprehensive Viva-voce

00 00 00 00

4 2 2 1

PCE22P04

Page3of26

THIRD SEMESTER

Practical Subjects Periods/Week Sl. No. Subject Code Name of the Subject L T P Total Periods/Week Credit Marks

1.

PCE23P01

Project & Thesis

00

00

Full

Full

15

200

FOURTH SEMESTER

Practical Subjects Sl. No. Periods/Week Subject Code Name of the Subject L PCE24P01 T P Total Periods/Week

Credit

1.

Project & Thesis

00

00

Full

Full

20

Page4of26

Postgraduate Programme in Geotechnical Engineering


COURSE STRUCTURES WITH SUBJECT DETAILS FOR M.TECH.
Total Credits = 85; Basic Core Credits = 08; Core Credits = 16; Elective Credits = 12; Laboratory = 08; Project preliminaries and Seminar = 05; Comprehensive Viva voce = 01; and Project & Thesis = 35.

FIRST SEMESTER
Sl. No. 1. Subject Code Basic Core Core Subject-II Subject-I Core
PCE21B01

No. of Classes/Week Name of the Subject Advance Mathematics Lecture 03 Tutorial 01 Practical 00 Total Credits 4 4

PCE21C01

Mechanics of Soil

03

01

00

3.

PCE21C02

Soil Dynamics and Machine Foundations Optimization in Engineering Ground Improvement Technique Numerical methods and computer programming in Engineering Elastic Analysis in Geotechnical Engineering Advanced Structural Design Reinforced Soil Structures Fuzzy logic and Artificial intelligence in Civil Engineering Applications Pavement Engineering Rock Mechanics and Tunnelling Soil Exploration and Analysis of Foundation Soil Mechanics Laboratory Foundation Engineering Laboratory Seminar

03

01

00

PCE21E01 PCE21E02

4.

Elective Paper-I

PCE21E03 PCE21E04 PCE21E05 PCE21E06 PCE21E07

03

01

00

5.

Elective Paper-II

PCE21E08 PCE21E09 PCE21E10

03

01

00

6. 7. 8.

PCE21P01 PCE21P02 PCE21P03

00 00 00 15

00 00 00 05

03 03 02 08

2 2 1 25

Total

Page5of26

SECOND SEMESTER
Sl. No. 1. 2. Subject Code Core Basic Core Subject-II Subject-I Core
PCE22B01

No. of Classes/Week Name of the Subject Lecture Tutorial Practical Finite Element Method Advanced Foundation Design 03 03 01 01 00 00 Total Credits 4 4

PCE22C01

3.

PCE22C02

Soil Structure Interaction Instrumentation and Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering Environmental Geotechnique Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering Computer Aided Design Retaining Structures and Underground Construction Advanced soil Machanics. Project Preliminaries

03

01

00

PCE22E01

4.

PCE22E03 PCE22E04 PCE22E05 PCE22E06

Elective Paper-I

PCE22E02

03

01

00

5. 6. 7.

PCE22P01 PCE22P02 PCE22P03

00 00 00 00 12

00 00 00 00 04

04 04 04 00 12

4 2 2 1 25

Foundation Design and Drawing Computer Aided Geotechnical Design Laboratory Comprehensive Viva-voce

PCE22P04 8. Total

Page6of26

THIRD SEMESTER
Sl. No. 1. Subject Code
PCE23P01

No. of Classes/Week Name of the Subject Project & Thesis Lecture Tutorial Practical 00 00 Full 00 00 Full Total Credits 15 15

Total

FOURTH SEMESTER Sl. No. 1. Subject Code


PCE23P04

No. of Classes/Week Name of the Subject Project & Thesis Total Lecture Tutorial Practical 00 00 Full 00 00 Full Total Credits 20 20

Page7of26

FIRST SEMESTER
Theory Subjects
Advanced Mathematics
(PCE21B01)

Calculus of Variations Variation and its properties Eulers equation Conditional extreme Isoperimetric problems Functional dependant on first and higher order derivatives Functional dependent on functions of several independent variables some applications Direct methods Ritz and Kantorovich methods, Eulers finite difference method. Laplace Transforms and Fourier Transforms. Application of Fourier Transform in solving initial and boundary value problems. Laplace Equation. Heat equation and wave equation. Hankels Transform, elementing properties of Hankel transforms, Hankel inversion and transform theorems. Hankel transforms of derivatives of functions. Parsevels theorem. d 2 f 1 df n2 Hankel transforms of 2 + = 2 f . x dx x dx Simulation Types, case studies in various fields using simulation techniques, simulation softwares used, use of mathematical models based on probabilistic and statistical methods. Partial Differential Equations Formation of PDE. Solutions of PDE. Equations solvable by direct integration. Linear equations of the first order. Non-linear equations of the first order. Charpits Method. Homogeneous Linear equations with constant coefficient. Non-Homo geneous Linear equations. Non-Linear equations of the second order. Solution of Parabolic and Hyperbolic equations Implicit and Explicit Schemes, ADI methods, Non Linear parabolic equations Iteration method. Solution of elliplic equation Jacobi method, Gauss - Seidel & SOR method. Richardson method, RKF4. Introduction to finite element method and its scope. References To be informed later on.

Page8of26

CORE SUBJECT-I Mechanics of Soil


(PCE21C01)

Introduction, formation of soil, clay mineralogy, structures of common clay minerals.Identification and classification of soil, soil weight volume relationship, index properties of soils, surface tension and capillary phenomenon. measurement of capillary rise in soil, soil moisture, soil-water potential, measurement of soil-water potential. Mechanism of swelling potential and pressure. Soil compaction, standard and modified Proctor compaction, theories of soil compaction; compaction control in field. Permeability, Darcys law, Theories of wells, flownets and their properties, seepage flownet in dams, flownet by relaxation method, seepage forces, uplift, piping phenomenon, problems. Introduction. Consolidation of soils. Terzaghis theory of one dimensional consolidation, application to geotechnical problems. Two and three dimensional consolidation of soils, secondary consolidation. Shear strength of soils; unsaturated soil Skempton pore pressure theory, compressibility of unsaturated soil, Rowes stress dilatancy theory. Different shear parameters; special consolidation and shear tests, application to geotechnical problems; Elastic stresses in soil; Stress-strain behaviour of soils; Mohr Circle of Stress; Principal Stresses. Stress distribution in homogeneous, non-homogeneous, layered and anisotropic deposits. Effect of non-linearity. Review of classical earth pressure theories and trial wedge method for c- soils; Stability of slopes; stability number, method of slices.

References 1. Atkinson, J.H. and Bransby, P.L, The Mechanics of Soils: An introduction to critical soil mechanics, McGraw Hill, 1978. 2. Atkinson J. H, An introduction to the Mechanics of soils and Foundation, McGraw- Hill Co., 1993. 3. Das, B. M., Advanced Soil Mechanics, Taylor and Francis, 2nd Edition, 1997 4. Wood, D.M.,Soil Behavior and Critical State Soil Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 5. Craig, R. F., Soil Mechanics, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd., 1987. 6. Terzaghi, K., and Peck, R. B., Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, John Wiley & Sons, 1967. 7. Lambe, T. W. and Whitman, R. V., Soil Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, 1979.

Page9of26

CORE SUBJECT-II Soil Dynamic and Machine Foundations


(PCE21C02)

Elements of vibration, strength and deformation of soil under dynamic loads; Effect of vibration on soil properties; Determination of dynamic coefficients, shear modulus and elastic constants of soil; Transient/shock loading on cohesionless soil. Liquefaction of soils-- an introduction and evaluation using simple methods. Damping in soil geometrical and internal damping; Elastic wave propagation theory; Dynamic analysis of piles. Dynamic loads from machines; Vibration criteria; Essential design requirements for machines foundation, vibration theory related to machine foundations; design of foundation for reciprocating and rotary machines, foundation for impact type loading; vibration isolation technique.

Introduction to Machine Foundations- introduction, nature of dynamic loads, stress conditions on soil elements under earthquake loading, dynamic loads imposed by simple crank mechanism, type of machine foundations, special considerations for design of machine foundations, criteria for a satisfactory machine foundation , permissible amplitude of vibration for different type of machines, methods of analysis of machine foundations, methods based on linear elastic weightless springs, methods based on linear theory of elasticity (elastic half space theory), degrees of freedom of a block foundation - definition of soil spring constants - nature of damping - geometric and internal damping - determination of soil constants - methods of determination of soil constants in laboratory and field based on IS code provisions. Design of Machine Foundations:- Vertical, sliding, rocking and yawing vibrations of a block foundation - simultaneous rocking, sliding and vertical vibrations of a block foundation foundation of reciprocating machines - design criteria - calculation of induced forces and moments - multi-cylinder engines - numerical example (IS code method). Foundations subjected to impact loads - design criteria - analysis of vertical vibrations computation of dynamic forces - design of hammer foundations (IS code method) Vibration isolation - active and passive isolation - transmissibility - methods of isolation in machine foundations.

References
Page10of26

1. Swami Saran,Soil dynamics and machine foundations,Golgatia publishers,New Delhi.

2. Arya S. D, ONeil, M. and Pincus, G., Design of structures and foundations for vibrating machines, Gulf Publishing Co., 1979. 3. Prakash, S. and Puri, V. K., Foundation for machines: Analysis and Design, John Wiley & Sons, 1998 4. Prakash, S., Soil Dynamics, McGraw Hill, 1981. 5. Kameswara Rao, N. S. V., Vibration analysis and foundation dynamics, Wheeler Publication Ltd., 1998. 6. Major, A., Dynamics in Civil Engineering: Analysis and Design Vol. I-III, Akademiai Kiado, 1980. 7. Richart, F. E. Hall J. R and Woods R. D., Vibrations of Soils and Foundations, Prentice Hall Inc., 1970. ELECTIVE PAPER-I Optimization in Engineering
(PCE21E01)

Optimisation Technique: Calculus of several variables, Implicit function theorem, Nature of singular points, Necessary and sufficient conditions for optimisation, Elements of calculus of variation, Constrained Optimisation, Lagrange multipliers, Gradient method, Dymanic programming. Basics of engineering analysis and design, Need for optimal design, formulation of optimal design problems, basic difficulties associated with solution of optimal problems. Classical optimization methods, Necessary and sufficient optimality criteria for unconstrained and constrained problems, Kuhn-Tucker conditions, Global optimality and convex analysis, Linear optimal problems, Simplex method, Introduction to Karmarkars algorithm. Numerical methods for nonlinear unconstrained and constrained problems, sensitivity analysis, Linear post optimal analysis, sensitivity analysis of discrete and distributed systems. Introduction to variational methods of sensitivity analysis, shape sensitivity, Introduction to integer programming, dynamic programming, stochastic programming and geometric programming, Introduction to genetic algorithm and simulated annealing.

Page11of26

References 1. Rao, S. S. Engineering Optimisation Theory and Practice, New Age International. 2. Deb, K. Optimisation for Engineering Design Algorithms and examples, Prentice Hall. 3. Kirsch, U. Optimum Structural Design, McGraw Hill. 4. Arora, J. S. Introduction to Optimum Design, McGraw Hill 5. Rajeev, S. and Krishnamoorthy, C. S. Discrete Optimisation of Structures using Genetic Algorithms, Journal of Structural Engineering, Vol. 118, No. 5, 1992, 1223- 1250. 6. Hafta, R. T. and Gurdal, Z. Elements of structural optimization, Kluwer academic publishers, Third revised and expanded edition, 1996. Ground Improvement Technique
(PCE21E02)

Principles of ground improvement; Mechanical densification; Drop hammer and compaction pile; Compaction of cohesive soils, pre-loading and vertical drains, Stone columns and granular piles; Admixture stabilisation; Grouting; Geosynthetic Application; Dewatering: Field pumping test, Common dewatering method, Effect of dewatering. References To be informed later on. Numerical Methods and Computer Programming in Engineering
(PCE21E03)

Linear equations and eigen value problems, Accuracy of approximate calculations, Nonlinear equations, interpolation, Differentiation and evaluation of single and multiple integrals, initial and boundary value problems by finite difference method. Newtons method, variation and weighted residual methods, introduction to finite element methods, fundamental of statistical distribution. Computer programming in geotechnical engineering problem.

Page12of26

References 1. J. B. Scarborough, Numerical mathematical analysis, Oxford & IBH Publishing CO Pvt., 2000 2. K. K. Jain, S. R. K Iyengar and R. K. Jain Numerical methods-problem and solutions, Wiley eastern limited, 2001 3. R.W. Hamming, Numerical methods for scientist and engineers, McGraw Hill, 1998. 4. J. H. Mathews and K.D. Fink, Numerical methods using MATLAB, Pearson Education, 2004 5. A. J. Hayter, Probability and statistics, Duxbury, 2002. Elastic Analysis in Geotechnical Engineering
(PCE21E04)

Concepts of stress and strain; Principal stresses and strains; Invariants; Octahedral stresses and strains; Mohrs diagrams; Plane state of stress and Plane state of strain; Stress strain relations for linearly elastic solids; Stresses and displacements in soil, Basic solutions of Boussinesq, Cerutti, Mindlin and Westergaard. Application of fundamental solutions for problems of practical interest in geotechnical engineering: foundations, stress applied to surface of a circular opening, Inclusions in infinite regions, surface loads in a semi-infinite region. Elastic solutions for layered soil systems, settlement and contact stress under rigid and flexible foundations, Computation of immediate settlements for shallow and deep foundations. References 1. Harr, M. E, Foundations of Theoretical Soil Mechanics, McGraw-Hill Inc., 1996. 2. Das, B. M, Advanced Soil Mechanics, McGraw-Hill Book Co., 1987.. 3. Poulos, H. G. and Davis, E. H , Elastic Solutions for Soil and Rock Mechanics, Wiley, 1974. Advanced Structural Design
(PCE21E05)

Design Philosophy, modeling of loads, material characteristics. Reinforced Cocrete: M- relationship: IS code, ACI code, Behaviour of RC element under flexure, shear, torsion and combined axial load-bending moment, Provision of IS ACI code, Design of RC member in tension.

Page13of26

Prestressed concrete: Introduction, Prestressed systems, Pre-tensioned and post tensioned members, Analysis, Losses in Prestressed concrete, Pressure line, Load balancing concept, Factors influencing deflection, Analysis and design of statically determinate prestressed concrete structure for flexure and shear, Statically indeterminate beams. Composite Structures: Introduction to steel-concrete composite structure, Anatomy of a composite building, Construction of composite structures, Design of composite beam and column, shear connectors, Design strength of shear connectors, Load resisting systems, connections, Analysis procedures of buildings for gravity and lateral loadings. References: R. Ranganathan, Reliability analysis, Jaico Publishing House, 1999 S.U. Pillai and Devdas Menon, Reinforced concrete design, Tata Mcgraw Hill Publishing company limited, New Delhi 1998. R. Park and T. Pauley, Reinforced concrete structures1995 N. Krishna Raju, Prestressed concrete, Third Edition, Tata Mcgrow Hill Publishing company limited, New Delhi 1995. E.H. Gaylord, C.N. Gaylord and J. E. Stellmeyer, Design of Steel Structures, Mcgrow Hill 2000 S.N. Manohar, Tall Chimneys Tata Mcgrow Hill Publishing company limited, New Delhi 1985. H.G. Harris and G.M. Sabnis, Structural Modelling and Experimental Techniques, second Edition, CRC Press, 1999 E. Bray and R.K. Stanley, Non destructive Evaluation, CRC Press,2002.

ELECTIVE PAPER-II Reinforced Soil Structures


(PCE21E06)

Historical background; Principles, concepts and mechanism of reinforced earth; Design consideration for reinforced earth and reinforced soil structures; Geosynthetics-their composition, manufacture, properties, functions, testing and applications in reinforced earth structures; Design of reinforced soil structures like retaining walls, embankments, foundation beds etc.; Designing for Separation, Filtration, Drainage and Roadway Applications; Designing for Landfill Liners and Barrier Applications; Case histories of applications. References
Page14of26

1. Clayton, C. R. I., Milititsky, J. and Woods, R. I., Earth Pressure and Earth Retaining Structures, Blackie Academic & Professional, 1993. 2. Ingold, T, Reinforced Earth, Thomas Telford Ltd., 1982. 3. Jones, C. J. F. P, Earth Reinforcement and Soil Structures, Butterworth, 2005. 4. Koerner, R. M, Designing with Geosynthetics, Prentice Hall, 1993.

Fuzzy logic and Artificial intelligence in Civil Engineering Application


(PCE21E07)

Introduction- Classification of artificial intelligence-expert systems-artificial neuralnetworksbasic concepts-uses in functional approximation and optimizationapplications in the design and analysis, building construction. Fuzzy logic-basicconcepts-problem formulation using fuzzy logic-applications. References 1. D. E. Rumelhart and J. L. McClelland, Parallel distributed processing Vol. 1, M I T Press, 1986. 2. M. J. Patyra and Mlynek, Fuzzy logic implementation and applications, Wiley, 1996.

Pavement Materials
(PCE21E08)

Classification, properties of Aggregates, design of aggregate gradation. Bituminous Binder. Penetration grade, emulsion, cut backs and modified binders. Rheolology of bituminous binder, modified binder, Mixed design. Marshall method and Superpave procedure. Design of emulsified Mixes, Viscoelastic and fatigue properties of bituminous mixtures, resilient modulus of pavement materials. Requirements of paving concrete, design of mixes for recycling of bituminous and concrete pavement surface. Soil stabilization techniques.

References 1. Highway construction and maintenance, Martin, Blackwell Science 2. Highway Material Testing, Khanna & Justo Nem Chand Bros

Page15of26

3. Modern Pavement Haas, R.,Zaniewski, W.R Krieger Publishing management, Hudson, J.P Company, 4. Standard specification for Transportation Material & Method of sampling & Testing, AASHTO,AASHTO,

Rock Mechanics and Tunnelling


(PCE21E09)

Introduction, objective, scope and problems of Rock Mechanics.Classification by origin, Lithological, Engineering. Rock exploration- rock coring, geophysical methods. Laboratory testing of rocks- all types of compressive strength, tensile strength and flexural strength tests. Strength and failure of rocks- Griffiths theory, Coulombs theory, rheological methods. In-situ tests on rock mass. Deformation characteristics of rocks, instrumentation and measurement of deformation of rocks. Permeability characteristics- interstitial water on rocks, unsteady flow of water through jointed rock mass. Mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of rock mass. Correlation between laboratory and field properties. Analysis of stresses. Thick wall cylinder, formulae, Kreish equation, Green span method. Openings in rock mass and stresses around openings. Pressure tunnels, development of plastic zone. Rock support needed to avoid plastic deformation. Lined and unlined tunnels. Underground excavation and subsidence. Rock mechanics applications. Bearing capacity of homogeneous as well as discontinuous rocks. Support pressure and slip of the joint. Delineation of types of rock failure. Unsupported span of underground openings, pillars. Rock slopes. Rock bolting. Plastic mechanics. Tunnels, shapes, usages, Methods of Construction, Problems associated with tunnels, Tunnelling in various subsoil conditions and rocks. References 1. Mukerjee, P. K., A text book of Geology, World Press, 1995. 2. Brady, B. H. G. and Brown, E. T, Rock Mechanics for Underground Mining, Chapman & Hall, 1993. 3. Brown, E. T, Rock Characterisation, Testing and Monitoring, Pergamon Press, 1986. 4. Herget, G, Stresses in Rock, Balkema, 1988. 5. Hoek, E. and Brown, E. T, Underground Excavation in Rock, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 1982. 6. Goodman, R. E, Introduction to Rock Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, 1989. 7. Bieniawski, Z. T, Engineering Rock Mass Classification, John Wiley and Sons, 1989. 8. Coates, D. F, Rock Mechanics Principles, Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, 1981.
Page16of26

9. Jaeger, J. C. and Cook, N. G. W, Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics, Champman and Hall, 1976. 10. Wyllie, D. C, Foundations on Rock, E & FN Spon. 2nd Edition, 1992. Soil Exploration and Analysis of Foundation
(PCE21E10)

Planning of Geotechnical exploration, methods of boring, types of samples & sampling, nondestructive testing, field tests: standard penetration, plate load, static and dynamic cone penetration, field vane shear and pressuremeter tests, electrical resistivity and seismic refraction tests, location of ground water table, processing of soil exploration data and its interpretation, Offshore exploration. Bearing capacity of shallow foundations: Prandtl, Terzaghi and Meyerhofs method of analysis, safe and allowable bearing pressures, selection of type and depth of foundations, combined footings, mat foundations including floating raft, settlement calculations, Skempton Bjerrum modification, and Martins method, deep foundations: mechanics of load transfer in piles, load carrying capacity, pile load test, design of pile groups including settlement calculations, well foundations, coffer dams, pier foundations, earth pressure computations on retaining walls and their design. Ground water table determination. References 1. Bowles, J. E, Physical and Geotechnical Properties of Soil, McGraw-Hill Book Company, 1985. 2. Bowles, J. E, Foundation Analysis and Design, McGraw-Hill International edition, 1997. 3. Dunnicliff, J. and Green, G. E, Geotechnical Instrumentation for Monitoring Field Performance , John Wiley & Sons, 1982. 4. Gopal Ranjan and Rao, A. S. R, Basic and Applied Soil Mechanics, Wiley Eastern Limited, 1991. 5. Lunne, T., Robertson, P. K. and Powell, J. J. M, Cone Penetration Testing in Geotechnical Practice, Blackie Academic & Professional, 1997. 6. Compendium of Indian Standards on Soil Engineering Parts 1 and II 1987 - 1988.

Page17of26

Practical Subjects
Soil Mechanics Laboratory
(PCE21P01)

Identification and Physical description; Specific gravity; Mechanical analysis; Proctors Compaction test; Permeability- Constant head, Variable head; Direct Shear test- Cohesionless soil, Cohesive soil; Uncofined Compression test; Triaxial test- Undrained, Drained; Triaxial test with pore pressure measurements; Vane Shear test. Foundation Engineering Laboratory
(PCE21P02)

Disturbed and undisturbed Sampling; Standard Penetration test; Static Cone Penetration test; Plate Bearing test; In-situ Dynamic properties; Model Footing test; Model Pile Loading test; Laboratory Vibration test. Seminar
(PCE21P03)

Each Student shall prepare a Report and present a Seminar on topic related to the branch of specialization under the guidance of a Faculty member. The student shall submit copy of the paper to the Department. Grades will be awarded on the basis of contents of the paper and the presentation.

SECOND SEMESTER
Theory Subjects
BASIC CORE SUBJECT Finite Element Method
(PCE22B01)

Principles of discretization, element stiffness and mass formulation based on direct, variational and weighted residual techniques and displacements approach, Shape functions and numerical integrations,
Page18of26

Convergence, Displacement formulation for rectangular, triangular and isoparametric elements for two dimensional and axisymmetric stress analysis. Thin and thick plates and shells. Semi-analytical formulations, Three-dimensional elements and degenerated forms. Stiffener elements and modifications such as use of different coordinate systems, use of nonconforming modes and penalty functions. FEM in incompressible and compressible fluid, applications of FEM in thermal problems. References 1. O. C. Zienkiewicz and R. L. Taylor, Finite element methods Vol I & Vol II, McGraw Hill,1989,1992. 2. K. J. Bathe, Finite element procedures, PHI Ltd., 1996. 3. R. D. Cook, D. S. Malkus. and M. E. Plesha, Concepts and applications of finite element analysis, John Wiley and Sons, Third edition, 1989.

CORE SUBJECT-I Advanced Foundation Design


(PCE22C01)

Shallow foundations- selection of type and depth of foundations, isolated footings, combined footings, mat foundations including floating raft, settlement calculations.

Deep foundations- well foundations, coffer dams, pier foundations, earth pressure computations on retaining walls and their design, and Pile Foundation.

Pile Foundation- Introduction, estimation of pile capacity by static and dynamic formulae, wave equation method of analysis of pile resistance-load-transfer method of estimating pile capacity, settlement of single pile, elastic methods.Laterally loaded pile- modulus of sub grade reaction method, ultimate lateral resistance of piles.

Page19of26

Pile Groups- consideration regarding spacing, efficiency of pile groups, stresses on underlying soil strata, approximate analysis of pile groups, settlement of pile groups, pile caps, pile load tests, negative skin friction. References 1. Lambe and Whitman, Soil Mechanics, Wiley Eastern., 1976. 2. Das B.M., Advanced Soil Mechanics, Mc. Graw-Hill, NY, 1985. 3. Winterkorn H.F. and Fang H.Y. Ed., Foundation Engineering Hand Book, Van-Nostrand Reinhold, 1975. 4. Bowles J.E., Foundation Analysis and Design (4th Ed.), Mc.Graw Hill, NY, 1996. 5. Poulose H.G. and Davis E.H., Pile foundation Analysis and Design, John-Wiley & Sons, NY, 1980. 7. Leonards G. Ed., Foundation Engineering, Mc.Graw-Hill,NY, 1962. 8. Bowles J.E., Analytical and Computer Methods in Engineering Mc.Graw-Hill, NY. 9. Shamsher Prakash, Soil Dynamics, McGraw Hill. 10. Alexander Major, Dynamics in Soil Engineering. 11. Sreenivasalu & Varadarajan, Handbook of Machine Foundations, Tata McGraw Hill. 12. IS 2974 - Part I and II, Design Considerations for Machine Foundations. 13. IS 5249: Method of Test for Determination of Dynamic Properties of Soils. CORE SUBJECT-II Soil Structure Interaction
(PCE22B02)

General soil-structure interaction problems. Contact pressures and soil-structure interaction for shallow foundations. Concept of sub grade modulus, effects/parameters influencing subgrade modulus. Soil behaviour, Foundation behaviour, Interface behaviour,

Scope of soil foundation interaction analysis, soil response models, Winkler, Elastic continuum, Two parameter elastic models, Elastic plastic behaviour, Time dependent behaviour. Beam on Elastic Foundation- Soil Models: Infinite beam, Two parameters, Isotropic elastic half space, Analysis of beams of finite length, Classification of finite beams in relation to their stiffness. Plate on Elastic Medium: Thin and thick plates, Analysis of finite plates, Numerical analysis of finite plates, simple solutions. Elastic Analysis of Pile: Elastic analysis of single pile, Theoretical solutions for settlement and load distributions.

Page20of26

Analysis of pile group, Interaction analysis, Load distribution in groups with rigid cap. Laterally Loaded Pile: Load deflection prediction for laterally loaded piles, Subgrade reaction and elastic analysis, Interaction analysis, Pile-raft system, Solutions through influence charts. Uplift capacity of piles and anchors. References 1. Selva durai, A. P. S, Elastic Analysis of Soil-Foundation Interaction , Elsevier,1979. 2. Poulos, H. G., and Davis, E. H.,Pile Foundation Analysis and Design, John Wiley,1980. 3. Scott, R. F., Foundation Analysis, Prentice Hall,1981. 4. Structure Soil Interaction - State of Art Report, Institution of Structural Engineers, 1978. 5. ACI 336. (1988), Suggested Analysis and Design Procedures for combined footings and Mats, American Concrete Institute,1988.

ELECTIVE PAPER-I Instrumentation and Case Histories in Geotechnical Engineering


(PCE22E01)

Types of field measurements; Principles of instrumentation; Settlement gauges, Piezometers, earth pressure cells and inclinometers; Planning of instrumentation; Vibration measurements. Case histories: Building settlement; in-situ stresses in soils; Underground construction and tunnelling in soft ground. Case histories: Dams and embankments; Failure investigations in Geo technical Engineering. References To be informed later on. Environmental Geotechnique
(PCE22E02)

Soil as a multiphase system; Soil-environment interaction; Properties of water in relation to the porous media; Water cycle with special reference to soil medium. Soil mineralogy; significance of mineralogy in determining soil behaviour; Mineralogical characterization. Mechanisms of soil-water interaction: Diffuse double layer models; Force of attraction and repulsion;

Page21of26

Soil-water-contaminant interaction; Theories of ion exchange; Influence of organic and inorganic chemical interaction. Introduction to unsaturated soil mechanics; water retention property and soil-water characteristic curve; flow of water in unsaturated soil. Concepts of waste containment facilities; desirable properties of soil; contaminant transport and retention; contaminated site remediation. Introduction to advanced soil characterization techniques; volumetric water content; gas permeation in soil; electrical and thermal properties; pore-size distribution; contaminant analysis, landfills liner systems. References 1. Mitchell, J. K and Soga, K Fundamentals of Soil Behavior, John Wiley and Sons Inc., 2005. 2. Fang, H-Y, Introduction to Environmental Geotechnology, CRC Press,1997. 3. Daniel, D. E, Geotechnical Practice for Waste Disposal, Chapman and Hall, 1993. 4. Rowe, R. K., Quigley, R. M. and Booker, Clay Barrier Systems for Waste Disposal Facilities, J. R., E & FN Spon, 1995. 5. Rowe, R. K, Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering Handbook, Kluwer Academic Publishers, 2001. 6. Reddi, L. N. and Inyang, H. F, Geoenvironmental Engineering-Principles and Applications, Marcel Dekker Inc, 2000. 7. Sharma, H. D. and Lewis, S. P, Waste Containment Systems, Waste Stabilization and Landfills: Design and Evaluation, John Wiley & Sons Inc., 1994.

Earthquake Geotechnical Engineering


(PCE22E03)

Earthquake seismology Causes of earthquake, Plate tectonics, Earthquake fault sources, Seismic waves, Elastic rebound theory, Quantification of earthquake, Intensity and magnitudes, Earthquake source models. Earthquake ground motion Seismograph, Characteristics of ground motion, Effect of local site conditions on ground motions, Design earthquake, Design spectra, Development of site specification and code-based design. Ground response analysis One-dimensional ground response analysis: Linear approaches, Equivalent linear approximation of non-linear approaches, Computer code SHAKE. Liquefaction and lateral spreading - Liquefaction related phenomena, Liquefaction susceptibility: Historical, Geological, Compositional and State criteria. Evaluation of liquefaction by cyclic stress and cyclic strain approaches, Lateral deformation and spreading, Criteria for mapping liquefaction hazard zones.
Page22of26

Seismic design of foundations, Seismic slope stability analysis: Internal stability and weakening instability and Seismic design of retaining walls. References 1. Kramer S. L, Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering, Prentice Hall, 1996. 2. R. W. Day, Geotechnical Earthquake Engineering Handbook, McGraw-Hill, 2002. 3. Seco e Pinto, Seismic behaviour of ground and Geotechnical structure, A. A. Balkema, 1997. 4. Naeim, F, The Seismic Design Handbook, Kluwer Academic Publication, 2nd Edition, 2001. 5. Bolt, B. A, Earthquakes, W. H. Freeman and Company, 4th Edition, 1999. 6. Lourie, W, Fundamentals of geophysics, Cambridge University press, 1997. 7. Wang J. G. Z. Q and J. K Tim Law , Siting in Earthquake zones, A. A. Balkema, 1994. 8. Ferrito, J. M, Seismic design criteria for soil liquefaction, Tech. Report of Naval Facilities service centre, Port Hueneme, 1997.

Computer Aided Design


(PCE22E04)

Principles of computer aided design, computer configuration for CAD applications, Computer peripherals for CAD. Computer graphics fundamentals, points and lines. Three-dimensional transformations and projections, plane curve, space curves surface descriptions and generation. Hidden line algorithms for wire-frame modeling, Surface modeling, Solid modeling, Representation of 3D objects. B-rep solid modelers and constructive solid geometry, CAD system utilization and application Hidden surface algorithms and Shading, Finite element systems, Computer aided drafting system. References 1. D. F. Rogers, Mathematical elements for computer graphics, McGraw Hill, 1990. 2. D. F. Rogers, Elements of computer graphics, McGraw Hill International edition, 1998. 3. M. E. Mortenson, Geometric modelling, John Wiley and Sons, 1989.

Page23of26

Retaining Structures and Underground Construction


(PCE22E05)

Earth pressure theories, conditions of applicability, arching effect; Retaining walls, different types and their stability, design considerations, drainage provisions.

Cantilever sheet pile wall; Anchored bulk head, Free and fixed earth support methods, types of sheet piles and construction aspects.

Cellular coffer dams, design procedures, interlock, piling rise and overturning; Braced excavation, types, earth pressure, effect of wall rigidity and sequence of construction.

Design of wall and wall supports; tunnels and shafts, pressure distribution, design of tunnel lining, methods of tunnelling, ground loss. References To be informed later on. Advanced Soil Mechanics
(PCE22E06)

Role of soil testing in Geotechnical engineering. Basic concept of stress path and its representation in various spaces, and its simulation to practical problems. Analysis of soil behaviour, Kondners hyperbolic stress-strain response and its application. Parabolic stressstrain formulation. Evaluation of various elastic constants for practical use. Stability of embankments on clayey soils. Design of berms. Stage construction. Design of sand-drain system. Stress distribution under earth embankments and evaluation of settlement profile. Landslides and their classification. Stability analysis of natural slopes. Different stability analysis models. Culman, friction circle, Swedish, modified Bishop and limit state analysis of slopes. Earthquake loading considerations. Use of design charts in practice. Deep excavations, dewatering operations, drainage, methods of stabilizing slopes. Erosion, design of filter, rock toe. Seepage control through the dam body and foundation; Curtain walls, Relief wells and sudden dradown condition. Instrumentation field problems to monitor movement of slopes, foundations, etc.
Page24of26

References 1. Kurian, N. P, Design of Foundation Systems Principles and Practices, New Delhi, Narosa publishing House, 2nd Edn., 1994. 2. Kurian, N. P., Modern Foundations Introduction to Advanced Techniques, New Delhi, Tata McGraw-Hill Publishing Company Limited, 1984. 3. Clayton, C. R. I., Milititsky, J. and Woods, R. I., Earth Pressure and Earth Retaining Structures, Blackie Academic & Professional, 1993. 4. Terzaghi, K., Theoretical Soil Mechanics, Wiley, 1965. 5. Terzaghi, K and Peck, R. B, Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, Asia Publishing House, 1960. 6. Teng, W. C, Foundation Design, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., 1965. 7. Bowles, J. W. Analysis and Design of Foundations, McGraw-Hill, 4th Ed., 1988. 8. Spangler, M. G and Handy, R. L, Soil Engineering, Harper & Row, 1982.

Practical Subjects
Project Preliminaries
(PCE22P01)

Each student will be given a Thesis/Project problem at the begining of Second Semester. He/She will work on the literature survey, scope of work, equipment development etc. and submit a report/dissertation. The main Thesis/Project work will, however, be done in Third and Fourth Semester. Foundation Design and Drawing
(PCE22P02)

Structural design & drawing : individual footings, strip footing, combined footing, rigid and flexible mat, buoyancy raft, basement raft and detailing in each case, deep foundation : design of single pile and pile groups, pile cap design and detailing, design of well foundation, design of retaining wall including detailing, design of cantilever and anchored sheet pile walls and ring foundations. Computer Aided Geotechnical Design Laboratory
(PCE22P03)

Computer aided design based on problem related to Geotechnical engineering using PC and development of Softwares in PC labs.

Page25of26

Comprehensive Viva-voce
(PCE22P04)

Viva-voce will be conducted for each of the post graduate students at the end of the Second Semester in the department by the board of examiners constituted by the Geotechnical Engineering Section of Civil Engineering Department.

THIRD SEMESTER
Project & Thesis
(PCE23P01)

Each student will devote full time in the Third Semester on a Thesis/Project on an assigned research problem of Design/Development work under the supervision of a Faculty Member. He/She will present a part of the Thesis/Project Report at the end of the Third Semester which will be evaluated by a Board of Examiners consisting of the Supervisor and External Examiner. The evaluation of the abovesaid Thesis will be followed by a viva-voce in front of faculty members and other post-graduate students.

FOURTH SEMESTER
Project & Thesis
(PCE24P01)

Each student will devote full time in the Fourth Semester on a Thesis/Project on an assigned research problem of Design/Development work under the supervision of a Faculty Member. He/She will present a Final Thesis/Project Report at the end of the Fourth Semester which will be evaluated by a Board of Examiners consisting of the Supervisor and External Examiner. The evaluation of the abovesaid Thesis will be followed by a viva-voce in front of faculty members and other post-graduate students.

Page26of26

DETAIL COURSE CURRICULUM FOR POSTGRADUATE PROGRAMME M.TECH IN CIVIL ENGINEERING


Specialization in Transportation Engineering

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGYAGARTALA TRIPURA (WEST)

NATIONAL INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY, AGARTALA CIVIL ENGINEERING DEPARTMENT


1

FIRST SEMESTER
Sl. No. 1. Subject Code Name of the Subject

No. of Classes/Week Total Credits 4

Lecture Basic Core


PCE31B01

Tutorial 01

Practical 00

Pavement Materials Urban Transportation Planning and Management Traffic Engineering Operation & Management Advanced Mathematics

03

Core Subject -I

PCE31C01

03

01

00

3.

PCE31C02

Core SubjectII

03

01

00

Elective Paper-I

PCE31E01 PCE31E02

4.
PCE31E03 PCE31E04

Rock Mechanics and Tunnelling Statistical Methods in Transportation Engg Airport Planning & Design Theory of Elasticity & plasticity Highway Construction Practice Geographical Information System & its application Mechanics of Soil Laboratory I (Pavement Engineering) Laboratory II ( Soil Mechanics) Seminar

03

01

00

PCE31E06

5.
PCE31E07 PCE31E08

Elective Paper-II

PCE31E05

03

01

00

6. 7. 8.

PCE31P01 PCE31P02 PCE31P03

00 00 00 15

00 00 00 05

03 03 02 08

2 2 1 25

SECOND SEMESTER Sl. No. Subject Code Name of the Subject

No. of Classes/Week

Lecture Basic Core 1.

Tutorial 01

Practical 00

Total Credits 4

PCE32B01 PCE32C01 PCE32E01

Analysis & Design of Pavements Geometric Design of Transportation Facilities Bridge Engineering Advanced hydraulic Engineering Optimisation in Transportation Planning Pavement Evaluation, Rehabilitation and Maintenance. Finite Element Method Theory of Plates and Shells Ground Improvement Technique Urban Mass Transit Planning, Operations and Management Advanced Traffic Engineering

03

2.

Core Subj ect-I

03

01

00

3.

PCE32E03 PCE32E04 PCE32E05 PCE32E06 PCE32E07 PCE32E08 PCE32E09 PCE32E10 PCE32E11


Elective Paper-II

Elective Paper-I

PCE32E02

03

01

00

4.

03

01

00

5. 6. 7. 8.

PCE32P01 PCE32P02 PCE32P03 PCE32P04

Advanced Railway Engineering Analysis & Evaluation of Transportation Systems Project Preliminaries Laboratory III ( Traffic Engineering Laboratory) Laboratory IV (computer oriented Design Lab) Comprehensive Viva-voce Total

00 00 00 00 12

00 00 00 00 04

04 04 04 00 12

4 2 2 1 25

THIRD SEMESTER Sl. No. 1. Subject Code Name of the Subject Project & Thesis Total

No. of Classes/Week

PCE33P01`

Lectu re 00 00

Tutorial 00 00

Practical Full Full

Total Credits 15 15

FOURTH SEMESTER Sl. No. 1. Subject Code Name of the Subject Lect ure 00 00

No. of Classes/Week

PCE34P01
Total

Project & Thesis

Tutorial 00 00

Practical Full Full

Total Credits 20 20

Sl.N o. 01 02

Subject Code

SYLLABUS FOR M.TECH (Transportation Engineering) FIRST SEMESTER Name of the Subject L T P Total Periods/week

Credit

PCE31B01 PCE31B02

Pavement Materials Urban Transportation Planning and Management Traffic Engineering Operation

03 03

01 01

04 04

4 4

03 04 05

PCE31B03 PCE31E01-04 PCE31E05-08

& Management Elective Paper-I Elective Paper-II

03 03 03

01 01 01

04 04 04

4 4 4

Sl.No.

Subject Code

Practical/Sessional Name of the Subject L

Total Periods/ Credit week

06 07 08

PCE31P01 PCE31P02 PCE31P03

Transportation Engineering Lab Laboratory II ( Soil Mechanics) Seminar I

00 00 00

00 00 00

03 03 01

03 06 02

4 4 1

Number of Contract Lecture per week 20 Total Credit =25 Each Lecture Period = 1 hr

SECOND SEMESTER Subject Code Sl.No. 01 02 03 04


PCE32B01

Name of the Subject Analysis and Design of Pavement Geometric Design of Transportation Facilities Elective Paper -I Elective Paper-II

L 03 03 03 03

T 01 01 01 01

Total Periods/week 04 04 04 04

Credit 4 4 4 4

PCE32B02 PCE32E01-05 PCE32E06-11

Practical/Sessional Subjects Sl.N o. 06 07 08 09 Total Periods/week 04 04 04 00

Subject Code
PCE32P01 PCE32P02

Name of the Subject Project Preliminaries Laboratory III ( Traffic Engineering Laboratory) Laboratory IV (computer oriented Design Lab) Comprehensive Viva-voce

L 00 00 00 00

T 00 00 00 00

P/S 04 04 04 00

Credit 4 2 2 1

PCE32P03 PCE32P04

Number of Contract Lecture per week 20 Total Credit =25 Each Lecture Period = 1 hr

Detailed Syllabus for PG course in Transportation Engineering

FIRST SEMESTER Pavement Materials


(PCE31B01)

LTP 3- 10=4 Classification of soil, soil strength parameters, compaction consolidation, various tests of soil properties for highway design; Classification, properties of aggregates, design of aggregate gradation Bituminous binder. penetration grade, emulsions, cut backs and modified binders. Rheology of bituminous binders, modified binders Bituminious Mix design. Marshall Method and Superpave procedure; Design of emulsified mixes, Visco-elastic and fatigue properties of bituminous mixtures, resilient modulus of pavement materials. ;

Requirements of paving concrete, design of mixes for recycling of bituminous and concrete pavement surfaces; Soil stabilization techniques;

Use of alternative material fly ash, rice husk, geotextiles etc Reference: 1. Highway construction and Maintenance, Martin, Blackwell Science 2. Highway Material Testing, Khanna & Justo Nem Chand Bros, 3. Modern Pavement Haas, R., Zaniewski,W.R. Krieger Publishing Management,Hudson, J.P. Company, 4. Standard specification for Transportation Material & Method of sampling & Testing, AASHTO,

Urban Transportation Planning and Management


(PCE31B02)

LTP 3- 10=4 System and environment; urban transportation planning process: study area, zoning and data collection; travel demands forecasting- trip generation, trip distribution, modal split and trip assignment; Land use-transportation models, Urban traffic and transportation management techniques: Local area traffic management, Transportation Systems Management (TSM) and Intelligent Transportation Systems (ITS); Planning for pedestrians; Parking planning; Special features for planning in developing countries.

Reference : 1. Traffic and Transport Planning Kadiyali, L.R Khanna Publishers 2. P.H. Wright, N.J. Ashford, R.J. Stammer, Transportation Engineering: Planning and Design, 4th Edition, December 1997 3. C. S. Papacostas, P. D. Prevedouros, Transportation Engineering and Planning, PHI Publication 4. Transportation Decision Making: Principles Of Project Evaluation And Programming, John Wiley & Sons 5. Ortuzar & Willumsen, Modeling Transport, John Wiley

Traffic Engineering Operation & Management


(PCE31B03)

LTP 3- 10=4 Traffic Engineering and its importance in development of a country; Traffic Flow parameters speed, flow, density, spacing, gap, capacity; Traffic Survey Volume, Spot Speed , Journey time, delay, Saturation flow, origin & destination, vehicular classification, density, different
8

methods like Direct Timing procedure, short base method, photographic method, moving observer method, registration number method, cordon count etc., Statistical analysis and interpretation of traffic studies -- sampling theory and significance testing, linear regression and correlation, Multiple Linear Regression; Parking and Parking Survey - parking problems, zonal and parking space requirement standards, types of parking surveys, parking space inventory, on- street and off-street parking; Traffic Forecasting need for traffic forecasting, limitation of traffic forecasting, forecasts and mathematical models; Traffic management and operation -- Traffic signs and signals, street lighting, road markings and traffic control aids and streets furniture; Traffic signal design-- signal cycle, phasing, synchronized traffic control system, Reference: 1. Introduction To traffic Engg A manual for data collection & analysis,Thomas R. Currin Brooks 2. Traffic Engineering and Transportation Planning Kadyali, L.R.,Khanna Publisher 3. Traffic Engineering, Roger P Roess, Elena S Prassas Prentice Hall, 4. Traffic Engineering Design principle & Practice, Mike Slinn, Poter Guest,Elsevier, Paul Matthews,

Elective Paper I A. Advanced Mathematics


(PCE31E01)

LTP 3- 10=4

Calculus of Variations Variation and its properties Eulers equation Conditional extreme Isoperimetric problems Functional dependant on first and higher order derivatives Functional dependent on functions of several independent variables some applications Direct methods Ritz and Kantorovich methods, Eulers finite difference method. Laplace Transforms and Fourier Transforms. Application of Fourier Transform in solving initial and boundary value problems. Laplace Equation. Heat equation and wave equation.

Hankels Transform, elementing properties of Hankel transforms, Hankel inversion and transform theorems. Hankel transforms of derivatives of functions. Parsevels theorem. Hankel 2 2 d f 1 df n f . = transforms of dx 2 x dx x 2 Simulation Types, case studies in various fields using simulation techniques, simulation softwares used, use of mathematical models based on probabilistic and statistical methods. Partial Differential Equations Formation of PDE. Solutions of PDE. Equations solvable by direct integration. Linear equations of the first order. Non-linear equations of the first order. Charpits Method. Homogeneous Linear equations with constant coefficient. Non-Homo geneous Linear equations. Non-Linear equations of the second order. Solution of Parabolic and Hyperbolic equations Implicit and Explicit Schemes, ADI methods, Non Linear parabolic equations Iteration method. Solution of elliplic equation Jacobi method, Gauss - Seidel & SOR method. Richardson method, RKF4. Introduction to finite element method and its scope. References To be informed later on.

B. Rock Mechanics and Tunneling


(PCE31E02)

LTP 3- 10=4

Introduction, objective, scope and problems of Rock Mechanics.Classification by origin, Lithological, Engineering. Rock exploration- rock coring, geophysical methods. Laboratory testing of rocks- all types of compressive strength, tensile strength and flexural strength tests. Strength and failure of rocks- Griffiths theory, Coulombs theory, rheological methods. In-situ tests on rock mass. Deformation characteristics of rocks, instrumentation and measurement of deformation of rocks. Permeability characteristics- interstitial water on rocks, unsteady flow of water through jointed rock mass. Mechanical, thermal and electrical properties of rock mass.
10

Correlation between laboratory and field properties. Analysis of stresses. Thick wall cylinder, formulae, Kreish equation, Green span method. Openings in rock mass and stresses around openings. Pressure tunnels, development of plastic zone. Rock support needed to avoid plastic deformation. Lined and unlined tunnels. Underground excavation and subsidence. Rock mechanics applications. Bearing capacity of homogeneous as well as discontinuous rocks. Support pressure and slip of the joint. Delineation of types of rock failure. Unsupported span of underground openings, pillars. Rock slopes. Rock bolting. Plastic mechanics. Tunnels, shapes, usages, Methods of Construction, Problems associated with tunnels, Tunnelling in various subsoil conditions and rocks. References 1. Mukerjee, P. K., A text book of Geology, World Press, 1995. 2. Brady, B. H. G. and Brown, E. T, Rock Mechanics for Underground Mining, Chapman & Hall, 1993. 3. Brown, E. T, Rock Characterisation, Testing and Monitoring, Pergamon Press, 1986. 4. Herget, G, Stresses in Rock, Balkema, 1988. 5. Hoek, E. and Brown, E. T, Underground Excavation in Rock, Institution of Mining and Metallurgy, 1982. 6. Goodman, R. E, Introduction to Rock Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, 1989. 7. Bieniawski, Z. T, Engineering Rock Mass Classification, John Wiley and Sons, 1989. 8. Coates, D. F, Rock Mechanics Principles, Canada Centre for Mineral and Energy Technology, 1981. 9. Jaeger, J. C. and Cook, N. G. W, Fundamentals of Rock Mechanics, Champman and Hall, 1976. 10. Wyllie, D. C, Foundations on Rock, E & FN Spon. 2nd Edition, 1992.

LTP 3- 10=4 C. Statistical methods in transportation Engineering


(PCE31E03)

Basics of Probability, distributions, experimental error and its characteristics, adjustment computations, sampling theory, theory of point and interval estimation, hypotheses testing, regression analysis, robust estimators and certain other statistical tests
11

D. Airport Planning and Design


(PCE31E04)

LTP 3-10=4 Aircraft characteristics; obstruction criteria; air traffic control; runways: orientation, length, geometric standards, capacity, configuration; taxiway: geometric standards, fillets, high speed exit taxiway; apron-gate area and circulation; terminal building functional areas and facilities; planning and site selection; pavement design and evaluation; visual aids; drainage; heliports, noise pollution Operations and scheduling; Ground transportation facilities; Airport capacity and
delays

Reference : 1. Planning & Design of Airports, 5th Edition, Robert Horenjoff , McGraw Hill Professional, 2. Airport Planning & Design Khanna, Arora,Jain Nem Chand Bros, 3. Airport Engineering, Rangwala, Charotar Book Publishing 4. Airport Engineering Normal J. Ashford John Willey,

ELECTIVE PAPER II

A. THEORY OF ELASTICITY & PLASTICITY


(PCE31E05)

LTP 3-10=4 Elasticity: Base vectors and metric tensors -- Analysis of Strain and equations of compatibility Stresses and equations of equilibriumConstitutive relations -- Semi-inverse method.boundary conditions Airys stress function in Cartesian coordinates problems in polar coordinates. Torsion of solid sections Laplace- and Poissons equations solution in complex variables
12

Solutions of bi-harmonic equations using complex-variables Three dimension potential problems Variational methods Theorem of minimum potential energy -- Theorem of minimum complementary energy Approximate solutions Error orthogonalization and Galerkins method Ritz method -Introduction finite element method Plasticity: Definitions and physical properties Yield criteria of Von-Mises and Tresca Druckers strain hardening and associative and non-associative flow rules. Elasto-plastic deformation of beams Elasto-plastic torsion Non-uniqueness of load paths Solution of rigid-perfectly plastic problems slip lines and flow net Numerical solutions of hyperbolic problems References 1. Timoshenko, S.P. and Goodier, J.N., Theory of Elasticity, Mc Graw Hill, Singapore, 1982. 2. Fung, Y. C., Foundation of Solid Mechanics, Prentice-Hall of India Pvt. Lt. New Delhi. 3. Sokolnikoff, I. S., Mathematical Theory of Elasticity, Tata Mcgraw-Hill Pub. Comp. Ltd.,New Delhi. 4. WesterGard, H. M., Theory of Elasticity and Plasticity, Dover Publication, Inc., Newyork. 5. Kachanov, L.M., Fundamentals of the Theory of Plasticity, Mir Publishers, Moscow. 6. Prager and Hodge, Theory of perfectly plastic Solids, Dover Publication, Inc., Newyork. 7. Leipholz, H., Theory of Elasticity, Noordhoff International Publishing, Layden, 1974. 8. Xu, Z., Applied Elasticity, Wiley Eastern Ltd, India, 1992. 9. Srinath, L.S., Advanced Mechanics of Solids, Second Edition, Tata McGraw Hill, India, 2003. 10. Ameen, M., Computational ElasticityTheory of Elasticity, Finite and Boundary Element Methods, Narosa Publishing House, 2004. 11. Martin, J.B., Plasticity: Fundamentals and General Results, MIT Press, London. 12. Chakrabarty, J, Theory of Plasticity, McGraw Hill, New York. 13. Hill, R., Mathematical Theory of Plasticity, Oxford University Press. Chen, W.F., and Han, D.J., Plasticity for Structural Engineers, Springer Verlag

13

B. Highway Construction Practice


(PCE31E06)

LTP 3- 10=4 Embankment, formation cutting in soil and hard rock, subgrade; ground improvement; granular & stabilized subbases/bases; bituminous surfacings; recycled pavements; concrete roads; non conventional pavements; retaining walls on hill roads; road construction equipments; quality control. REFERENCES: 1. Highway construction and Maintenance, Martin, Blackwell Science 2. Highway Material Testing,Khanna & Justo,Nem Chand Bros, 3. Modern Pavement Management,Haas, R., W.R. Krieger Publishing, Hudson, J.P.Company, Zaniewski, 4. Standard specification for Transportation Material & Method of sampling & Testing, AASHTO, AASHTO, 5. MORTH

C. GEOGRAPHIC INFORMATION SYSTEM AND ITS APPLICATIONS


(PCE31E07)

LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction - Information systems, spatial and non- spatial information, Geographical concepts and terminology, Advantages of GIS. Basic components of GIS, Commercially available GIS hardware & software, organisation of data in GIS.

DATA MANAGEMENT: Input data - Field data, Statistical data, Maps, Aerial photographs, Satellite data, Points, lines and areas features, Vector and Raster data, Advantages and Disadvantages, Data entry through keyboard, digitizers and scanners, Digital data. Preprocessing of data -Rectification and registration, Interpolation techniques.
14

Application of GIS: Data Management - Data Base Management System (DBMS), Various data models, Run -length encoding, Quadtrees, Data Analysis - Data layers, analysis of spatial and non-spatial data, Data overlay and modelling. Data Presentation - Hardcopy devices, softcopy devices. Applications of GIS in Map Revision, Landuse, Agriculture, Forestry, Archaeology, Municipal, Geology Water Resources, Soil Erosion, Land suitability analysis, Change detection. Reference:

Books 1. Principles of Geographic Information System for Land Resources Assessment, 2. Introduction to Remote Sensing

Author Burrough, P.A

Publishers Claredon Press Oxford, 1988,

Campbell, J .B.,

The Guilford Press London, 1986.

3. Remote Sensing in Hydrology

Engaman, E.T. Chapman and and Gurney, R.J Hall, London 1991, Ellis Horwood, London. 1992.

4. Remote Sensing & Geographic Information Systems

Legg, C.A.,

15

D. Mechanics of Soil
(PCE31E08)

LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction, formation of soil, clay mineralogy, structures of common clay minerals. Identification and classification of soil, soil weight volume relationship, index properties of soils, surface tension and capillary phenomenon. measurement of capillary rise in soil, soil moisture, soil-water potential, measurement of soil-water potential. Mechanism of swelling potential and pressure. Soil compaction, standard and modified Proctor compaction, theories of soil compaction; compaction control in field. Permeability, Darcys law, Theories of wells, flownets and their properties, seepage flownet in dams, flownet by relaxation method, seepage forces, uplift, piping phenomenon, problems. Introduction. Consolidation of soils. Terzaghis theory of one dimensional consolidation, application to geotechnical problems. Two and three dimensional consolidation of soils, secondary consolidation. Shear strength of soils; unsaturated soil Skempton pore pressure theory, compressibility of unsaturated soil, Rowes stress dilatancy theory. Different shear parameters; special consolidation and shear tests, application to geotechnical problems; Elastic stresses in soil; Stress-strain behaviour of soils; Mohr Circle of Stress; Principal Stresses. Stress distribution in homogeneous, non-homogeneous, layered and anisotropic deposits. Effect of non-linearity.Review of classical earth pressure theories and trial wedge method for c- soils; Stability of slopes; stability number, method of slices.

References 1. Atkinson, J.H. and Bransby, P.L, The Mechanics of Soils: An introduction to critical soil mechanics, McGraw Hill, 1978. 2. Atkinson J. H, An introduction to the Mechanics of soils and Foundation, McGraw- Hill Co., 1993. 3. Das, B. M., Advanced Soil Mechanics, Taylor and Francis, 2nd Edition, 1997 4. Wood, D.M.,Soil Behavior and Critical State Soil Mechanics, Cambridge University Press, 1990. 5. Craig, R. F., Soil Mechanics, Van Nostrand Reinhold Co. Ltd., 1987. 6. Terzaghi, K., and Peck, R. B., Soil Mechanics in Engineering Practice, John Wiley & Sons, 1967. 7. Lambe, T. W. and Whitman, R. V., Soil Mechanics, John Wiley & Sons, 1979.
16

PRACTICAL / SESSIONAL Laboratory I (Pavement Engineering)


(PCE31P01)

LTP 3- 00=2 Experimentsrelatedto subject Pavement Materials

LaboratoryII(SoilMechanics)
(PCE31P02)

LTP 3- 00=2

Experimentsrelatedto Geotechnical Engineering Seminar


(PCE31P03)

L T P 2- 00=1

SECOND SEMESTER Analysis and Design of Pavement


(PCE32B01)

LTP 3- 10=4 Philosophy of flexible and rigid pavements structures, Stresses in pavement, Selection of design input parameters -- traffic parameters, environmental parameters, Material characterization, failure criteria, Design of flexible and rigid pavements using IRC, AASTHO, Asphalt Institute, PCA and other methods, comparison of different pavement design approaches, Design of Airport pavement, Reliability concept in pavement design, Design of overlays and drainage system.

Reference: 1. Pavement Analysis and Design, Yang H. Hung, Prentice-Hall


17

2. Design and Performance of Road Pavements, David Croney, McGraw Hill, 3. Guide for Design of Pavement AASHTO 4. Principles of Pavement Design Yoder & Witczak Wiley Publication
Geometric Design of Transportation Facilities (PCE32C02) LTP 3- 10=4 Highway functional classification; route layout and selection; design controls and criteria: vehicular characteristics, turning paths; driver performance; traffic characteristics; highway capacity; access control; safety; elements of design: sight distances, horizontal alignment, transition curves, super elevation and side friction; vertical alignment: grades, crest and sag curves; highway cross-sectional elements and their design; Hill road; Intersections -- at-grade intersections, sight distance consideration and principles of design, channelization, speed change lanes; Roundabout, mini roundabouts, design of roundabouts; Inter-changes, types of interchanges, entrance and exit ramps, ramp metering; Bicycle and pedestrian facility design; Parking layout and design; Terminal layout and design. Reference: 1. Highway Engineering, Khanna & Justo Nem Chand Bros, 2. Highway Engineering ,Rogers, MartinBlackwell Publisher 3. Principles of Transportation, and Highway Engineering,Rao, G.V,Tata McGraw Hill 4. Highway Transportation Engineering Roger P. Roess,Person US Import & John C. Falcocchio, PHIPEs, Elective Paper I A. Bridge Engineering (PCE32E01) LTP

3- 10=4 Introductionclassification and components of bridges layout and planning Structural forms of bridge decks grillage analysis of slab decks, beam and slab decks, cellular decks. Standard specifications for bridges IRC loadings for road bridges standards for railway bridges design of RC slab, skew slab and box culverts. Design of T beam bridges balanced cantilever bridges rigid frame bridges Arch bridges bow string girder bridges.

18

Design of plate girder bridges steel trussed bridges Introduction to long span bridges: cable stayed bridges and suspension bridges instability. Forces on piers and abutments Design of piers and abutments types of wing walls types of bearings design of bearings. References 1. E.C. Hambly, Bridge deck behaviour, Chapman and Hall, London 2. E.J. OBrien and D.L. Keogh, Bridge deck analysis, E& FN Spon, New York 3. D.Johnson Victor, Essentials of bridge engineering, Oxford & IBH publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 4. N.Krishna Raju, Design of bridges, Oxford & IBH publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. References: Name of the Books 1. Bridge Engineering. 2. Concrete Bridges: Inspection, repair, Strengthening, testing and load capacity evaluation 3. Concrete Bridge Practice: Analysis, design and economics 4. Essentials of bridge engineering 5. Design of bridges Authors S. Ponnuswamy. Raina. Publishers Tata McGraw Hill Tata McGraw Hill

Raina. . D.Johnson Victor N.Krishna Raju

Tata McGraw Hill Oxford & IBH Oxford & IBH

B. Advanced Hydraulic Engineering (PCE32E02) LTP 3- 10=4 Open channel hydraulics, uniform flow, critical flow and GVF with special reference to compound channel, rapidly varied flow in prismatic and non-prismatic channel, channel design- erodable and nonerodable channels, silt theories, sediment transport; river mechanics, river erosion, river training works; dam engineering and related environmental issues; concept of hydraulic models. Optimisation in Transportation Planning (PCE32E03) LTP 3- 10=4 Survey of theory and application of mathematical optimisation technique to engineering problems, Linear programming: simplex methods, duality and sensitivity analysis; transportation model; non-linear programming; introduction to dynamic programming; probability distributions; queuing systems; game theory and simulations techniques, Multi criteria decision making process. 19

C. Pavement Evaluation, Rehabilitation and Maintenance


(PCE32E04)

LTP 3- 10=4 Types of pavement distress; Techniques for functional and structural evaluation of pavements, Network and project survey and evaluation; Pavement rehabilitation techniques; Overlay design procedures for flexible & rigid pavements , recycling of flexible and rigid pavements, Maintenance of paved and unpaved roads, Pavement management systems, Life cycle cost

Reference: 1. Pavement Analysis and Design, Yang H. Hung, Prentice-Hall 2. Design and Performance of Road Pavements, David Croney ,McGraw Hill, 3. Guide for Design of Pavement AASHTO AASHTO D. FINITE ELEMENT METHOD
(PCE32E05)

LTP 3- 10=4 INTRODUCTION Boundary Value Problem - Approximate Solution - Variational and Weighted Residual Methods - Ritz and Galerkin Formulations - Concepts of Piecewise Approximation and Finite Elements Displacement and Shape Functions - Weak Formulation - Minimum Potential Energy Generation of Stiffness Matrix and Load Vector. STRESS ANALYSIS Two Dimentional problems - Plane Stress, Plain Strain and Axisymmetric Problems - Triangular and Quadrilateral Elements - Natural Coordinates - Isoparametric Formulation - Numerical Integration - Plate Bending and Shell Elements - Brick Elements - Elements for Fracture Analysis.

20

MESHING AND SOLUTION PROBLEMS Higher Order Elements - p and h Methods of refinement - IIL conditioned Elements Discretization Errors -Auto and Adaptive Mesh Generation Techniques - Error Evaluation. NONLINEAR AND VIBRATION PROBLEMS Material and Geometric Nonlinearity - Methods of Treatment - Consistent System Matrices Dynamic Condensation - Eigen Value Extraction. THERMAL ANALYSIS Application to Thermal analysis Problems. PRACTICALS

REFERENCES: 1. 2. 3. Mukhopadhyay, M, Vibrations, Dynamics and Structural system , Oxford and IBH Zeinkiewicz , O.C. Finite element method O.C., Tata Mc Gra Hill,1988. Zienkiewicz & Taylor, The Finite Element method- Vol 1, Mcgraw-Hill International Editions 4. Zienkiewicz & Taylor, The Finite Element method- Vol II, Mcgraw-Hill International Editions. 5. Reddy, J.N., An Introduction to the Finite Element method, Mcgraw-Hill International Editions 6. Krishna Murthy, C.S., Finite element Analysis- Theory and programming Tata Mc Gra Hill.

Elective Paper II A. Theory of plates and shells


(PCE32E06)

LTP 3- 10=4 Introduction:- Assumptions in the theory of thin plates Pure bending of Plates Relations between bending moments and curvature - Particular cases of pure bending of rectangular plates, Cylindrical bending - immovable simply supported edges Synclastic bending and Anticlastic
21

bending Strain energy in pure bending of plates in Cartesian and polar co-ordinates Limitations. Laterally Loaded Circular Plates:- Differential equation of equilibrium Uniformly loaded circular plates with simply supported and fixed boundary conditions Annular plate with uniform moment and shear force along the boundaries. Laterally Loaded Rectangular Plates: - Differential equation of plates Boundary conditions Navier solution for simply supported plates subjected to uniformly distributed load and point load Levys method of solution for plates having two opposite edges simply supported with various symmetrical boundary conditions along the other two edges loaded with u. d. l. Simply supported plates with moments distributed along the edges - Approximate Methods. Effect of transverse shear deformation - plates of variable thickness Anisotropic plates- thick plates- orthotropic plates and grids - Large Deflection theory . Deformation of Shells without Bending:- Definitions and notation, shells in the form of a surface of revolution, displacements, unsymmetrical loading, spherical shell supported at isolated points, membrane theory of cylindrical shells, the use of stress function in calculating membrane forces of shells. General Theory of Cylindrical Shells:- A circular cylindrical shell loaded symmetrically with respect to its axis, symmetrical deformation, pressure vessels, cylindrical tanks, thermal stresses, inextensional deformation, general case of deformation, cylindrical shells with supported edges, approximate investigation of the bending of cylindrical shells, the use of a strain and stress function, stress analysis of cylindrical roof shells. References 1. S.P Timoshenko and S.W Krieger, Theory of Plates and Shells, McGraw Hill 2. R. Szilard, Theory and Analysis of Plates Classical Numerical Methods, Prentice Hall inc 3. N.K Bairagi, Plate Analysis, Khanna Publishers, New Delhi. 4. P.L. Gould analysis of Shells and Plates, Springer-Verlag, New York, 1988

22

B. Ground Improvement Technique.


(PCE32E07)

LTP 3- 10=4 Site investigation and subsoil exploration; Methods of boring and sampling; Field tests; Engineering properties of soft, weak and compressible deposits; Principles of treatment; Methods of soil improvement; Dynamic compaction; Preloading; Vertical drains; Granular piles; Lime stabilization and in jection; Grouting; Soil nailing; Anchors; Vacuum consolidation; Thermal, electrical and chemical methods; Case histories.

C. Urban Mass Transit Planning, Operations and Management (PCE32E08)

LTP 3- 10=4 Modes of public transportation and their roles to meet urban travel needs; comparison of transit modes and selection of technology and transit service; estimating demand in transit planning studies and functional design of transit routes; routing and scheduling of transit services; terminal design; management and operation of transit systems; performance evaluation of systems; transit and urban development. Challenges, Demand Modeling, Development of Generalized Cost, RP & SP Data and Analysis Techniques, Case Studies.

REFERENCES: 1. Urban Mass Transportation Planning , Alan Black, Mcgraw-Hill College

23

D. Advanced Traffic Engineering


(PCE32E09)

LTP 3- 10=4 Microscopic and macroscopic flow characteristics; Car following theories; Traffic stream Models; Shock Wave Analysis; Queuing Analysis; Introduction to Computer Simulation Models. Light hill and Withams theory - Approach to signalized intersection, Bottleneck , Green bergs extension law of continuity ; Interrupted traffic flow, Level of service; Road Safety Analysis -- Causes and prevention of accidents, Types of crashes, Functional design implication in safety sight triangle, speed change lanes, channelization, hair pin bend, signal phasing, pavement structure, etc.; Road Safety Audit Environmental & Energy consideration in transportation Air pollution, noise pollution, Fuel crisis, Factors affecting fuel consumption of motor vehicles, fuel economy in other mode of transport; Regulation of Traffic Need for traffic regulation - traffic laws and regulation of speed. Reference 1, Adolf D. May, Traffic Flow Fundamentals, Prentice Hall, 1990 2. Transportation Decision Making: Principles Of Project Evaluation And Programming Kumares C. Sinha, Samuel Labi, John Wiley Publication

E. Advanced Railway Engineering


(PCE32E10)

LTP 3- 10=4 Railway permanent way -- components and important features; Track and track stresses; Train resistances and hauling power of locomotives ; Railway geometric design-- curves, cant Gradients and grade compensation, track diversion; turn out -- points and crossing and their design approaches; Construction and maintenance of railway track, Control of train movements; Signals and interlocking; Modernization of railways and future trends; Track standards and track rehabilitation; Rail transportation system planning; Urban rail transit system 1. J.S. Mundrey, Railway Track Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill Co. Ltd., 2. M.M. Agarwal, Railway Track Engineering, Standard Publishers,
24

3. S. Chandra and Aqarwal, Railway Engineering, Oxford University Press, 4. A.D. Kerr, Fundamentals of Railway Track Engineering, Simmons Boardman Pub Co
F. Analysis and Evaluation of Transportation Systems (PCE32E11)

LTP 3- 10=4
Need for economic evaluation; basic economic concepts, demand, supply and equilibrium, elasticity of demand, consumer surplus, fixed and variable costs, marginal costs; value of travel time, accident costs; methods of economic evaluation: statistical models, engineering unit cost models; taxation in road transport, user charges: fees and tolls; highway legislation; investment policies and pricing, issues in financing and subsidy policy, public private partnership (PPP) options in transport sector: BOT, BOOT, BOLT; feasibility studies, identification and sharing of risks in PPP projects, operation and management agreements; environment and social impact assessment of transportation projects.

25

PRACTICAL / SESSIONAL Project Preliminaries (PCE32P01)

LTP 3- 10=4

Each student will be given a thesis/project problem at the begining of second semester.He/She will work on the literature survey, scope of work, equipment development etc. and submit a report/dissertation. the main thesis/project work will, however, be done in third and fourth semester. LABORATORY III (TRAFFIC ENGINEERING LAB)
(PCE32P02)

LTP

0 - 4 0 =2 Experiments, survey, data collection related to (PCI-111) Traffic Engineering Operation & Management. LABORATORY IV(COMPUTER ORIENTED DESIGN LAB)
(PCE32P03)

LTP 0 - 4 0 =2

Hands on MX road,GIS and other softwares.

COMPREHENSIV VIVA- VOCE (PCE32P04) LTP 0 - 0 0 =1

26

THIRD SEMESTER Project & Thesis (PCE33P01)


credit: 15

Each student will devote full time in the Third Semester on a Thesis/Project on an assigned research problem of Design/Development work under the supervision of a Faculty Member. He/She will present a part of the Thesis/Project Report at the end of the Third Semester which will be evaluated by a Board of Examiners consisting of the Supervisor and External Examiner. The evaluation of the abovesaid Thesis will be followed by a viva-voce in front of faculty members and other post-graduate students.

FOURTH SEMESTER Project & Thesis


(PCE34P01) credit: 20

Each student will devote full time in the Fourth Semester on a Thesis/Project on an assigned research problem of Design/Development work under the supervision of a Faculty Member. He/She will present a Final Thesis/Project Report at the end of the Fourth Semester which will be evaluated by a Board of Examiners consisting of the Supervisor and External Examiner. The evaluation of the abovesaid Thesis will be followed by a viva-voce in front of faculty members and other post-graduate students.

27

First semester Sl. No. Subject Code New

Number of classes/week

Total credits

Name of the Subject Lecture Basic Core Tutorial Practical

1.

PCE41C 01

Water and wastewater Treatment Processes-I Applied Environmental Chemistry and Microbiology Solid & Hazardous Waste Engineering & Management
Environmental Geotechnique

03

01

00

PCE41C 03

Core Subject-I

2.

PCE41C 02

03

01

00

03

01

00

3.

PCE41E 01-03

Elective Paper-I

Remote Sensing & GIS in Environmental Engineering Statistical techniques & Computer applications in Environmental engineering Advanced Computational Methods and Optimization Industrial Wastewater Treatment Transport of water and wastewater Hydraulics & Water Resources Engineering Water Distribution and Wastewater Collection System Design

03

01

00

4.

PCE41E 04-06

Elective Paper-II

03

01

00

5. 6. 7.

PCE41P 01 PCE41P 02 PCE41P 03

Water pollution Laboratory I Computer Laboratory Seminar

00 00 00 15

00 00 00 05

04 04 02 10

2 2 1 25

ANNEXTURE-I SCHEME & SYLLABUS FOR M.Tech in Environmental Science & Engineering

SCHEME
First semester Sl. No. Subject Code New Total credits

Number of classes/week

Name of the Subject Lecture Tutorial Practical

1.

PCE41C 01

Water and wastewater Treatment Processes-I Applied Environmental Chemistry and Microbiology Solid & Hazardous Waste Engineering & Management
Environmental Geotechnique Remote Sensing & GIS in Environmental Engineering Statistical techniques & Computer applications in Environmental engineering Advanced Computational Methods and Optimization Industrial Wastewater Treatment Transport of water and wastewater Hydraulics & Water Resources Engineering Water Distribution and Wastewater Collection System Design

Basic Core

03

01

00

PCE41C 03

Core Subject-I

2.

PCE41C 02

03

01

00

03

01

00

3.

PCE41E 01-03

Elective Paper-I

03

01

00

4.

PCE41E 04-06

Elective Paper-II

03

01

00

5. 6. 7.

PCE41P 01 PCE41P 02 PCE41P 03

Water pollution Laboratory I Computer Laboratory Seminar

00 00 00 15

00 00 00 05

04 04 02 10

2 2 1 25

Second semester Subject Code New

Number of classes/week

Total credits

Sl. No.

Name of the Subject Lecture Tutorial Practical

1.

1 PCE42C . 01

Water and wastewater Treatment Processes-II

Basic Core

03

01

00

Core Subject-I

2.

2 PCE42C . 02

Air pollution & Control

03

01

00

3.

PCE42C 03

Ecology & Environmental Impact Assessment


Occupational Safety and Health Air and water Quality Modeling Global Warming and Climate Change Environmental Planning & Management

03

01

00

4.

PCE42E 01-03

Elective Paper-III

03

01

00

5. 6. 7. 8.

5 PCE42P . 01 6 PCE42P . 02 7 PCE42P . 03

Water pollution Laboratory II Air pollution laboratory Comprehensive Viva-voice Project Preliminaries Total

00 00 00 00 12

00 00 00 00 04

04 04 02 04 14

2 2 1 4 25

PCE42P 04

THIRD SEMESTER Sl. No. 1. Subject Code Name of the Subject New

No. of Classes/Week

PCE43P01

Project & Thesis

Lecture 00

Tutorial 00

Practical Full

Total Credits 15

Total 00 FOURTH SEMESTER Sl. No. 1. Subject Code New Name of the Subject Lecture Tutorial 00 Practical Full 00 No. of Classes/Week Total Credits 20 Full 15

PCE44P01

Project & Thesis

00

Total

00

00

Full

20

SYLLABUS

Water and Wastewater Treatment Processes-I (PCE41C01)


Introduction Sources of water, necessity of treatment, Critical Water quality parameters, water quality guidelines and standards for various water uses. Unit operations principles and design of aeration systems two film theory, water in air system, air in water system. Intake structures Different types, design criteria. Principles of sedimentation types of settling and settling equations, design criteria and design of settling tanks. Principle of Coagulation and Flocculation types of coagulants, coagulant aids, coagulation theory, optimum dose of coagulant, design criteria and numerical examples. Filtration theory, types, hydraulics of filter bed, design criteria and design of filters, filter backwash, operational problems and trouble shooting. Adsorption Process types, factors affecting adsorption, kinetics and equilibrium different isotherm equations and their applications. Unit processes - disinfection different types, disinfectants, factors affecting disinfection, methods of disinfection, chemistry of chlorination. Water Softening Ions causing hardness, Langelier index, various methods. Fluoridation and defluoridation Principles and design.

Trace organic contaminants in water supplies and their removal. Bench Scale and Pilot Plant studies in water treatment. Rural Water Supply Systems. REFERENCES: 1. Fair, G.M., Geyer J.C and Okun, (1969) Water and Waste water Engineering Vol II, John Wiley Publications. 2. Weber W.J., (1975) Physico - Chemical Processes for Water Quality Control. 3. AWWA, (1971), Water Quality and Treatment McGraw Hill. 4. CPHEEO Manual, (1991), Water Supply and Treatment, GOI Publications. 5. Peavy, H.S., Rowe and Tchobonoglous,G., (1985), Environmental Engineering, McGraw Hill 6. Raju, B.S.N., (1995), Water Supply and Wastewater Engineering, Tata McGraw Hill Pvt. Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 7. World Health Organization, Geneva, (2004), Guidelines for Drinking Water Quality, Third Edition,Volumes 1-3. 1. Water and wastewater treatment processes, Metcalf & Eddy.

Environmental Chemistry and Microbiology (PCE41C02)


Importance of Environmental Chemistry, types of reactions, redox reactions, reaction kinetics. Electrochemistry and its applications. Physical and equilibrium chemistry fundamentals and applications. Trace Contaminants and their analyses. pH Principle, Measurement, Numerical Examples, Buffers and Buffer index. Colloidal Chemistry Properties of colloids, colloidal dispersions, stability of colloids and applications. Colourimetry Principles and applications. Applications of Analytical Chemistry emission and absorption techniques. Microbiology - Microorganisms of importance in air, water and soil environment Principles and applications of microscopy, microscopic flora and fauna of importance. Metabolism and metabolic pathways, Bioconcentration, Biomagnification and Bioaccumulation. Bacteria Morphology, typical growth curve and generation time, Measurement Techniques APC, MPN (Probability and Thomas methods), Enzymesclassification, kinetics - Michaelis-Menten equation, factors influencing enzyme reaction. REFERENCES: 2. McKinney R.E.(1962) Microbiology for Sanitary Engineers, Newyork McGraw Hill. 3. Sawyer C.N. and McCarty, P.L ., (2003), Chemistry for Environmental Engineering and Science,5th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 4. Pelczar M.J ,Chan ECS, Krieg, NR(1998) Textbook of Microbiology 5th edition Tata McGrawHill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi 5. Gaudy and Gaudy (1980), Microbiology for Environmental Scientists and Engineers, McGraw Hill. 6. APHA, (2002), Standard Methods for Examination of Water and Wastewater; 21st Edition. 7. Stumn and Morgan(1970), Aquatic Chemistry, John Willey & S ons Newyork

Solid Waste Engineering & Management (PCE41C03)


Land pollution and control Land Pollution sources and their impacts, general control measures Solid waste sources and engineering classification, characterization, generation and quantification. Transport - collection systems, collection equipment, transfer stations, collection route optimization. Treatment methods - various methods of refuse processing, recovery, recycle and reuse, composting aerobic and anaerobic, incineration, pyrolysis and energy recovery, Disposal methods Impacts of open dumping, site selection, sanitary land filling design criteria and design examples, engineered landfill system, leachate and gas collection systems, leachate treatment. Recent Developments in Solid Wastes Reuse and Disposal Power Generation, Blending with construction materials and Best Management Practices (BMP). Role of various organizations in Solid Waste Management Governmental, Non-Governmental, Citizen Forums. Biomedical Waste management sources, treatment and disposal REFERENCES: 1. Tchobanoglous G., Theissen H., and EIiassen R.(1991), Solid Waste Engineering - Principles and Management Issues, McGraw Hill, New York. 2. Pavoni J.L(1973)., Handbook of Solid Waste Disposal. 3. Peavy, Rowe and Tchobanoglous (1985), Environmental Engineering, McGraw Hill Co. 4th Edition 4. Mantell C.L., (1975), Solid Waste Management, John Wiley. 5. CPHEEO, Manual on Municipal Solid waste management, Central Public Health and Environmental Engineering Organisation, Government of India, New Delhi, 2000. 6. WHO Manual on Solid Waste Management. 7. Vesiland A.(2002), Solid Waste Engineering, Thompson Books. 8. Hazardous waste (management and handling) rules, 2001 9. Biomedical (Handling and Management) Rules 2008

WASTEWATER TREATMENT PROCESSES-II (PCE42C01)


Objectives of wastewater treatment, characteristics, flow variations, types of reactors, CSTR and PFR reactors analysis. Wastewater Treatment Flow Diagrams and Hydraulic Profile. Theoretical principles and design - screens, equalization basin, grit chamber, primary and secondary settling tanks. Kinetics of biological treatment systems biokinetic constants and their determination, batch and continuous systems. Theoretical principles and design suspended growth system - conventional activated sludge process and its modifications. Theoretical principles and design attached growth system trickling filter, bio-towers and rotating biological contactors. Principles and design of stabilization ponds Sludge Processing separation - sludge thickeners, volume reduction, conditioning and digestion aerobic and anaerobic. Advanced Wastewater Treatment Need and technologies used. Nitrification and Denitrification Processes, Phosphorous removal. Wastewater disinfection. Rural wastewater systems septic tanks, two-pit latrines, eco-toilet, soak pits.

REFERENCES: 1. Benefield R.D., and Randal C.W., (1980), Biological Process Design for Wastewater Treatment,Prentice Hall, Englewood Chiffs, New Jersey. 2. Metcalf and Eddy Inc., (2003), Wastewater Engineering - Treatment and Reuse, 4th Edition, Tata McGraw Hill Publishing Co. Ltd., New Delhi. 3. Karia G.L., and Christian R.A., (2001), Wastewater Treatment Concepts and Design Approach,Prentice Hall of India Pvt. Ltd., New Delhi. 4. Ronand L., and Droste, (1997),Theory and Practice of Water and Wastewater Treatment, John Wiley and Sons Inc. 5. Fair G.M., Geyer J.G and Okun, Water-wastewater Engineering. 6. Lee C.C., and Lin S.D., (1999), Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations, McGraw Hill, New York. 7. Gaudy,(1972) Advanced Wastewater Treatment. 8. Industrial Safety and Pollution Control Handbook , (1991), National Safety Council and Associate (Data) Publishers Pvt. Ltd

AIR POLLUTION AND CONTROL (PCE42C02)


Introduction: sources, effects on ecosystems, characterization of atmospheric pollutants, air pollution episodes of environmental importance. Meteorology composition and structure of the atmosphere, wind circulation, solar radiation, lapse rates, atmospheric stability conditions, wind velocity profile, Maximum Mixing Depth (MMD), Temperature Inversions, Windrose diagram. General characteristics of stack emissions, plume behaviour, Gaussian plume equation, Ficks law of diffusion Monitoring of particulate matter and gaseous pollutants respirable, non-respirable and nano - particulate matter. CO, CO2, Hydrocarbons (HC), SOX and NOX, photochemical oxidants. Pollutants dispersion models description and application of point, line and areal sources. Air Pollution Control equipment for particulate matter & gaseous pollutants gravity settling chambers, centrifugal collectors, wet collectors, bag house filters,fabric filters, electrostaticprecipitator (ESP), adsorption, absorption, scrubbers, condensation and combustion. Indoor Air Pollution sources, effects and control. Noise - sources, measurements, effects and occupational hazards. Standards, Noise mapping, Noise attenuation equations and methods, prediction equations, control measures, Legal aspects of noise. REFERENCES: 1. Wark K ., Warner C.F., and Davis W.T., (1998), Air Pollution - Its Origin and Control, Harper & Row Publishers, New York. 2. Lee C.C., and Lin S.D., (1999), Handbook of Environmental Engineering Calculations, McGraw Hill, New York. 3. Perkins H.C.(1974), Air Pollution, McGraw Hill. 4. Crawford M.,(1976) Air Pollution Control Theory, TATA McGraw Hill. 5. Stern A.C., Air Pollution, Vol I, II, III. 6. Seinfeld N.J., (1975), Air Pollution, McGraw Hill. 7. Stern A.C.(1968), (ed) Vol. V, Air Quality Management.

ECOLOGY AND ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACT ASSESSMENT (PCE42C03)


Ecology - Classification of Ecosystems, Structure and Function of Ecosystems, Energy flow in Ecosystems, Ecological Niche and succession, Bio-geo-chemical cycles, Ecological Pyramids. Aquatic and Terrestrial Ecosystems - Diversity and dominance Indices, Ecosystem Models. Climate change and biodiversity Lake Ecosystem trophic levels, nutrient loading, nutrient enrichment, Leibigs Law, control of eutrophication. Environmental Impact Assessment Definition, Objectives, Types Rapid and Comprehensive EIA, EIS, FONSI. Step-by-step procedure for conducting EIA and Limitations of EIA, Prevention of Significant Deterioration (PSD) Programme. Frame work of Impact assessment, scope and contents of EIA, methodologies and techniques of EIA Attributes, Standards and Value functions . Public participation in EIA. Environmental Management Plan (EMP) and Disaster Management Plan (DMP). EIA Case Studies Thermal Power Plant, Mining, Fertilizer, Construction Projects, Air port, Water and Wastewater Treatment Plants. REFERENCES: 1. Kormondy, (1960),

or

ELECTIVES
1. Environmental Geo technique Source, production and classification of wastes; Environmental impact on geo technical problems; Site remediation; Soil pollutant interaction; Waste disposal facility; Liners and their stability; Elements of ground water contaminants; Geo technical aspects of waste management; Recycling of waste materials; Design of landfills; In-situ characterisation; Monitoring subsurface contamination. References: To be added later on.

2. Occupational Safety and Health

Introduction, Occupational Safety and Health Act, Occupational Safety and Health Administration, Right to know Laws. Indian Acts Labour Act, Factories Act, OSHA Accident Causation, investigation methods and different models. Ergonomics need, Task Analysis, Preventing Ergonomic Hazards, Ergonomics Programme. Occupational Hazard and Control - Hazard Analysis, Human Error and Fault Tree Analysis, Emergency Response. Hazards and their control in different manufacturing and processing industries. Fire Prevention and Protection - types of Fire, Fire Development and its Severity, Effect, Extinguishing Fire, Electrical Safety, Product Safety. Occupational Health - Health and Safety Considerations, Personal Protective Equipment. Health problems in different types of industries construction, textile, steel and food processing, pharmaceutical, occuptupational Health and Safety considerations in Wastewater Treatment Plants. References: 1. Goetsch D.L., (1999), Occupational Safety and Health for Technologists , Engineers and Managers, Prentice Hall. 2. Heinrich H.W.(1959), Industrial Accident Prevention, McGraw Hill Publication , Newyork. 3. Colling D.A.(1990), Industrial Safety Management and Technology, Prentice Hall, New Jersey. 4. Della D.E., and Giustina, (1996), Safety and Environmental Management , Van Nostrand Reinhold International Thomson Publishing Inc. 5. CPHEEO, (1999) Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Treatment, Ministry of Urban Development, GOI, New Delhi. 6. National Safety Council and Associate (Data) Publishers Pvt. Ltd., (1991), Industrial Safety and Pollution Control Handbook

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3. Remote Sensing and Gis In Environmental Engineering Remote Sensing: Definition Ideal Remote Sensing System Sensors and Types Remote Sensing Satellite IRS and INSAT specifications Applications of remote sensing DIP Techniques. GIS: Definition Data and Types Sources of data - Global Positioning System (GPS) Data Structure Types of Analysis Errors Applications of GIS. Optimal Routing of Solidwastes using GIS Case Study. Environmental Siting of Industries and Zoning Atlas Development. Re-modelling of Water Distribution System using GIS Case Study. Sustainable Urban Development Planning using GIS. Environmental Degradation Assessment using RS and GIS. Ground water vulnerability modeling using GIS

References: 1. Burrough P.A., (1986), GIS for Land Resource Assessment, Oxford University Press, U.K. 2. Star J.L., and Estes J.E., (1990), Geographic Information Systems; An Introduction, Prentice Hall Publications. 3. Laurini R. and Thompson D., (1992), Fundamentals of Spatial Information Systems, Academic Press. 4. Mishra H.C., (1997), GIS Handbook, GIS India, Shanthi Nivas, Hyderabad. 5. Anji Reddy, (2001), Remote Sensing and GIS, B.S. Publications, Hyderabad. 6. Floyd F.Sabins,(1996) Remote Sensing Principles and Interpretations, W.H. Freeman & Co. 7. Michael N. Demas, (2000), Fundamentals of GIS, John Wiley & Sons, Inc. 8. Photonirvachak, ISRS Journal Publications

4. Advanced Computational Methods and Optimization Numerical Methods - Partial differential equations, Newton-Raphson method, Finite difference, finite element, method of characteristics, different methods, Successive over relaxation methods. Optimization classification and importance in Environmental Studies. Single and multivariable optimization without and with constraints. Linear Programming different methods, linear approximation of non-linear optimization. Statistics - Significance Tests , Frequency Distribution, Characteristics of Distributions, Method of Least Squares and Regrssion, Multiple Regression Probability Concepts, Methods, Binomial, Poisson and Normal distribution, Risk and uncertainty analysis

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REFERENCES: 1. Rao. S.S.(1979) Optimization: Theory & Applications Techniques, Wiley Eastern Ltd New Delhi. th 2. Taha H.A.,(2007), Optimization Research:An introduction , Pear son Prentice Hall, 8 Edition 3. Shanthakumar M.S., Numerical Methods and Analysis, Tata McGrawhill Pubs. 4. Ross S.M.,(1987) Introduction to Probability and Statistics for Engineers and Scientists , John Wiley Publications.3rd Edition, Acedimic press 5. Stanton(1961) R.G Numerical methods for science and engineers.Prentice Hall, Trade Edition 6. Kreyszig Erwin(2006),9th Edition Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Wiley Eastern Publications. 7. Berthouex P M.,and Brown L. C.(1994), Statistics for Environmental Engineers, Lishers publication, 2nd Edition

5. Environmental Planning and Management


Environment and Sustainable Development - carrying capacity, relationship with quality of life, carrying capacity and resource utilization. Engineering Methodology in Planning and its Limitations carrying capacity based short and long term regional planning. Environmental Protection - Economic development and social welfare consideration in socio economic developmental policies and planning. Total cost of development and environmental protection cost . Case studies on Regional carrying capacity. Engineering Economics Value Engineering, Time Value of Money, Cash Flows, Budgeting and Accounting. Environmental Economics: Introduction, economic tools for evaluation, Green GDP, Cleaner development mechanisms and their applications. Environmental Audit methods, procedure, reporting and case studies. Total Quality Management in environmental management and protection ISO 9000, 14000 and 18000 series of standards. References: 1. Lohani B.N (1984)., Environmental Quality Management,South Asian Publishers, New Delhi 2. Chanlett, (1973)Environmental Protection, McGraw Hill Publication, Newyork. 3. Danoy G.E., and Warner R.F., (1969), Planning and Design of Engineering Systems,Unwin Hyman Publications. 4. MOEF, Government of India, Carrying Capacity Based Developmental Planning Studies for the National Capital Region, 1995-96. 5. NEERI, Nagpur, Annual Reports 1995 & 1996. 6. UNEP / UNDP Environmental Sustainable Development.

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6. Hazardous Waste Management Introduction, Sources, Classification, Regulations for Hazardous Waste Management. Hazardous Waste Characterization, Designated Hazardous Wastes. Waste Minimization and Resource Recovery Approaches, Development of a Waste Tracking System, Selection of waste Minimization Process, Case Studies. Transportation of Hazardous Waste requirements, regulations, containers, bulk and non-bulk transport, Emergency Response. Physico-chemical, Chemical and Biological Treatment of hazardous waste. Thermal treatment - Incineration and pyrolysis. Sanitary landfill design approach, leachate and gaseous collection system. Facility Siting and Process Selection for treatment, storage, disposal facility (TSDF). Soil contamination and site remediation bioremediation processes, monitoring of disposal sites. REFERENCES: 1. Lehman, (1983), Hazardous Waste Disposal, Plenum Press. 2. LaGrega M.D., Buckingham P.L., and Evans J.C., (1994), Hazardous Waste Management, McGraw Hill International Edition. 3. Wentz C.A., (1989), Hazardous Waste Management, McGraw Hill. 4. Dawson and Mercer, (1981), Hazardous Waste Management, John Wiley. 5. Fawcett, (1984), Hazardous and Toxic Materials: Safe Handling and Disposal, John Wiley. 6. National Safety Council and Associate (Data) Publishers Pvt. Ltd., (1991), Industrial Safety and Pollution Control Handbook

7. Global Warming and Climate Change Energy Issues and Climate Change , Alternate Energy Sources Green-House Effect as a Natural Phenomenon, Green House Gases GHGs) and their Emission Sources. Quantification of CO2 Emission, Global Warming Potential (GWP) of GHGs Modeling Climate change, Ozone layer depletion and its control Impacts of climate change Global and India, Temperature Rise, Sea Level rise, Coastal Erosion and landslides, Coastal Flooding, Wetlands and Estuaries loss Kyoto Protocol Importance, Significance and its role in Climate Change Carbon Trading - Mechanisms , Various Models (European, Indian) Global and Indian Scenario Cleaner Development Mechanisms Various Projects related to CO2 Emission Reduction Alternatives of Carbon Sequestration Conventional and non-conventional techniques , Role of Countries and Citizens in Containing Global Warming 13

References: 1. Barry R.G., and Chorley R.L., (1992), Atmosphere, Weather and Climate, 4th Edition, ELBS Publication. 2. Bolin B., (Ed.), (1981), Carbon Cycle Modelling, John Wiley and Sons Publications. 3. Corell R.W., and Anderson P.A., (Eds.), (1991), Global Environmental Change, Springler Verlog Publishers. 4. Francis D., (2000), Global Warming: The Science and Climate Change, Oxford University Press. 5. Frame B., Medury Y., and Joshi Y., (Eds.), (1992), Global Climate Change: Science, Impact and Responses. 6. Linden E., (2006), The Winds of Change: Climate, Weather and the Destruction of Civilizations, Simon and Schuster Publications. 7. Mintzer I.M., (Ed.), (1982), Confronting Climate Change, Risks, Implications and Responses, Cambridge University Press. 8. Srivatsava A.K., (2007), Global Warming, APH Publications. 9. Wyman R.L., (Ed.), (1991), Global Climate Change and Life on Earth, Chapman and Hall Publications. 10. Yadav, Chander and Bhan, (2005), Global Warming: Indias Response and Strategy, RPH Publications 8. Industrial Wastewater Treatment Effects of Industrial Wastes on sewerage system and sewage treatment plants and receiving water bodies. Effects of waste additions on physical and chemical properties of soil. Effluent standards and receiving water quality standards . Different aspects and choices of various disposal alternatives. Industrial Waste survey-Process flow charts, condition of waste stream. Material balance, Sampling Grab, Composite and integrated samples. Continuous monitoring pH, Conductivity, Biomonitoring. Pretreatment of Industrial Wastewater Volume reduction, Strength reduction, Neutralization, Equalization and Proportion, Removal of Organic and inorganic dissolved solids. Wastewater Treatment in specific industries: Distillery, Sugar, Pulp and paper, Cement, Textile, Dairy, Fertilizer, Pesticides, Pharmaceutical, Radio Active Wastes treatment- Low activity and high activity radiation, application of radio active techniques for wastewater treatment. Bio-Remediation of contaminated soils. Design of complete treatment system & disposal for industries: Distillery, Diary, Textile, paper and pulp mill to meet P.C.B. norms.

Environmental Auditing: Introduction, Cost of Pollution, Environmental audit solutions, Financial and Managerial opportunities. Criminal and Regulatory liabilities. REFERENCES: 1. Nemerow N.N., (1971) Liquid Waste of industry theories, Practices and Treatment. Addison Willey New York. 2. Azad N. S., Industrial Wastewater Management Hand Book McGraw Hill book Co., Newyork. 3. Ross R.D. (1968) Industrial Waste Disposal, Reinhold Environmental Series New York. 14

4. Dickinson(1974)- Practical Waste Treatment and Disposal Applied Science publication , London. 5. Mahajan (1984) Pollution control in Process industries. TMH, New Delhi. 6. Eckenfelder(2000)- Industrial Water pollution Control- McGraw hill Company, New Delhi American Chemical Society, Washington D.C. USA

9.0 Transport of Water and Wastewater Fundamental Hydraulics Fluid properties ; fluid flow - continuity principle, energy principle and momentum principle ; frictional head loss in free and pressure flow, major and minor head loss, formula for estimation of head loss pumping of fluids - selection of pumps - Flow measurement. Water Transmission And Distribution Planning factors - Water transmission main design - pipe material - economics;water distribution pipe networks - methods for analysis and optimisation - Laying and maintenance, insitu lining appurtenances - corrosion prevention. Wastewater Collection And Conveyance Planning factors - Design of sanitary sewer ; partial flow in sewers, economics of sewer design ; sewer appurtenances ; material, construction, inspection and maintenance of sewers ; Design of sewer outfallsmixing conditions; conveyance of corrosive wastewaters. Storm Water Drainage Planning - run-off estimation, rainfall data analysis, storm water drain design -rainwater harvesting. Software Applications Use of computer software in water transmission, water distribution and sewer design - LOOP version 4.0, SEWER, BRANCH. References: 1. " Manual on water supply and Treatment ", CPHEEO, Ministry of Urban Development, GOI, New Delhi, 1999. 2. " Manual on Sewerage and Sewage Development ", CPHEEO, Ministry of Urban Development, GOI, New Delhi, 1993. 3. B.A. Hauser, " Practical Hydraulics Hand Book ", Lewis Publishers, New York, 1991. 4. M.J. Hammer, " Water and Wastewater Technology ", Regents/Prentice Hall, New Jersey, 1991.

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10. Statistical techniques & Computer applications in Environmental engineering Empirical Statistics Measures of Central tendency, dispersion, skewness and kurtosis - Principle of least Correlation and regression - rank correlation.

squares -

Sampling Distributions and Estimation Sampling distributions - Point and interval estimates for population proportions, mean and variance Maximum likelihood estimate method - Method of moments. Testing Of Hypothesis Sampling distributions - Tests based on Normal, t, Chi-square and F distributions - Analysis of variance - one- way and two-way classifications. Design of Experiment Completely randomized design - Randomized block design - Latin square design - 2 power 2 factorial design. Linear Programming Basic concepts - Graphical and Simplex methods - Transportation problem - Assignment Problem.

Computer application in environmental engineering

References: 1. Berthouex, P.U., " Statistics for Environmental Engineers ", Lewis Publ., 1994. 2. Freund, J.E. and Miller, I.R., " Probability and Statistics for Engineers ", Prentice - Hall of India, 5th Edition, New Delhi, 1994. 3. Gupta, S.C. and Kapur, V.K., " Fundamentals of Mathematical Statistics ", Sultan Chand & Sons, New Delhi, 1999. 4. Ang, A.H.S. and Tang W.H., " Probability concepts in Engineering Planning and Design - Basic Principles Vol.1 ", John Wiley and Sons, Inc. New Delhi, 1975. 5. Taha, H.A., " Operations Research : An Introduction ", Prentice - Hall of India, 6th Edition, New Delhi, 1997.

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11. Air & Water quality modelling Systems Approach Water and air quality management - Role of mathematical models; systems approach systems and models - kinds of mathematical models - model development and validation effluent and stream standards; ambient air quality standards. Surface Water Quality Modelling Historical development of water quality models ; rivers and streams water quality modelling river hydrology and flow - low flow analysis - dispersion and mixing - flow, depth, and velocity - estuaries - estuarine transport, net estuarian flow, estuary dispersion coefficient; Lakes and impoundments - water quality response to inputs; water quality modeling process model sensitivity - assessing model performance ; Models for dissolved oxygen, pathogens; Streeter - Phelps models. Air Quality Modelling Transport and dispersion of air pollutants - wind velocity, wind speed and turbulence; estimating concentrations from point sources - the Gaussian Equation - detemination of dispersion parameters, atmospheric stability; dispersion instrumentation - Atmospheric traces; concentration variation with averaging time; Air pollution modelling and prediction - Plume rise, modelling techniques, modelling for nonreactive pollutants, single source - short term impact; multiple sources and area sources; model performance, accuracy and utilisation; computer models. Groundwater Quality Modelling Mass transport of solutes, degradation of organic compounds, application of concepts to predict groundwater contaminant movement. Computer Models Exposure to computer models for surface water quality, groundwater quality and air quality. References: 1. Steven C.Chapra, " Surface Water quality modeling ", The McGraw-Hill- Companies, Inc., New York, 1997. 2. R.W.Boubel, D.L. Fox, D.B. Turner & A.C. Stern, " Fundamentals of Air pollution ", Academic Press, New York, 1994. 3. Ralph A. Wurbs, " Water Management Models - A Guide to Software ", Prentice Hall PTR, New Jersey, 1995.

12. Water Distribution and Wastewater Collection System Design (3-0-0-6) Components of water supply systems; Water use and demand estimation; Design period, population data and flow rates for water supply systems; Factors affecting water consumption andvariation in demand; Design of water distribution systems, methods of analysis for optimal distribution network design; Types of reservoirs and design parameters and methods; Design of water pumping stations.
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Design principles of wastewater collection systems: separate, combined and semi-combined sewers; Estimation of dry weather flows; Sewer pipe hydraulics: sizing of pipes and design; Manhole chambers and storm water overflows; Pumping stations, screens and inverted screens. Maintenance of water supply and wastewater systems. Reference: 1. Peavy, H. S., Rowe, D. R. and Tchobanoglous, G., Environmental Engineering, McGraw-Hill 2. International Ed., 1985. 3. 4. McGhee, T. J., Water Supply and Sewerage, McGraw Hill International, 1991.

13. Hydraulics & Water Resources Engineering Surface water hydrology, water supply and distribution of water, collection of waste water Design of sewer networks Hydraulics of ground water & groundwater hydrology. Balancing of reservoir capacity Pipe flow and pipe networks Open channel flow and drainage system Preumatic systems Pumping stations Free surface seepage flow in earth dams. References : To be informed later.

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EXPERIMENTS Water pollution Laboratory I (PCE41P01) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. Residual Chlorine pH, acidity, alkalinity, hardness TDS, Conductivity, turbidity, color, odor, temperature DO, BOD, COD TOC Chloride, nitrogeneous compounds, MPN, Coliform and other indicator organisms Microscopy Sulfate

Water pollution Laboratory II (PCE42P01) 1. Batch settling studies 2. Jar test 3. ASP 4. Metal analysis 5. Gas chromatography 6. Colorimetry

Air pollution laboratory (PCE42P02) 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Mesurement of suspended particulate matter(SPM) Mesurement of vehicular emission Ambient air quality Mesurement of SOX and NOX Mesurement of Sound Pressure Level and noise pollution. Field survey-Brick kiln sites, CNG sites.

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