You are on page 1of 30
WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Document code Product name Target readers

WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

For internal use only

Document code

Product name

 

Target readers

Product version

 
 

Document

 

Edited by

WCDMA RNP

version

 

3.0

 

WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

(For internal use only)

 

Drafted by:

Wang Xiangxiong

Date:

2006-01-16

Reviewed by:

Xie Zhibin, Xu Dengyu, Hua Yunlong, Chen Jing, Wang Hanhua, Yan Lin, and Ai Hua

Date:

2006-02-17

Reviewed by:

Wang Chungui

Date:

Approved by:

Date:

WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Document code Product name Target readers

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.

All Rights Reserved

WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide Revision Records For internal use only Revised Date version Description

WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

Revision Records

For internal use only

 

Revised

Date

version

Description

Author

2004-10-19

1.00

Initial transmittal.

Zhou Xinjie

2004-12-20

1.01

Revision according to reviewers.

Zhou Xinjie

   

Add the divided work for on-site engineers and radio network optimization engineers, regional site verification, and HSDPA function test. Redesign the whole document and enhance operability.

 

The SMS service verification involves intelligent network, so it is excluded here.

Whether handover involves function or performance is difficult to decide, so it is excluded here.

HSDPA throughput involves performance, so it is excluded here.

The reselection between 3G and 2G and

2006-02-17

3.00

test of voice services handover between 3G and 2G involves working efficiency, and it is difficult to divide them as a function or performance problem. Therefore they are excluded here.

Wang Xiangxiong

In antenna diversity check, resetting uplink service SIRtarget involves parameters related to RNP and is not recommended. Therefore this part is removed.

The RTWP test is unrelated to single site function verification, so it is excluded.

The antenna diversity check is not a routine task in single site verification, and it is triggered by test specified by operators.

 
 
 
 
 
WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide Table of Contents For internal use only Chapter 1 Introduction

WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

Table of Contents

For internal use only

Chapter 1

Introduction to Single Site Verification......................................................................6

Chapter 2

Basic Processes...........................................................................................................6

  • 2.1 Working Process................................................................................................................6

  • 2.2 Work Division.....................................................................................................................8

    • 2.2.1 Single Site Verification and Test by On-site Engineers............................................8

    • 2.2.2 Single Site Verification and Test by RNO Engineers................................................8

Chapter 3

Verifications by On-site Engineers.............................................................................8

  • 3.1 Preparations before Test....................................................................................................8

    • 3.1.1 Site Status Check....................................................................................................8

    • 3.1.2 Configuration Data Collection and Check................................................................9

    • 3.1.3 Testing Point Selection...........................................................................................13

    • 3.1.4 Test UE Setup........................................................................................................14

    • 3.1.5 Other Preparations................................................................................................14

  • 3.2 Verification in Idle Mode...................................................................................................14

    • 3.2.1 Frequency Check...................................................................................................15

    • 3.2.2 Scramble Check....................................................................................................15

    • 3.2.3 LAC/RAC Check....................................................................................................16

    • 3.2.4 CPICH_RSCP/CPICH_EcIo (Near Site) Test.........................................................16

  • 3.3 Verification in Connected Mode........................................................................................17

    • 3.3.1 Originating and Terminating Connection Test of Voice Service..............................17

    • 3.3.2 Originating and Terminating Connection Test of VP Service..................................17

    • 3.3.3 Connection Test of PS Services.............................................................................17

  • 3.4 Solving Problems.............................................................................................................18

  • Chapter 4

    Verifications by RNO Engineers...............................................................................19

    • 4.1 Preparations before Test..................................................................................................19

      • 4.1.1 Cell Status Confirmation........................................................................................19

      • 4.1.2 Testing Route Selection ........................................................................................19

      • 4.1.3 Precautions............................................................................................................20

  • 4.2 Coverage DT Check.........................................................................................................21

    • 4.2.1 Aim.........................................................................................................................21

    • 4.2.2 Method...................................................................................................................21

    • 4.2.3 Remarks................................................................................................................21

  • 4.3 HSDPA Access Function Test...........................................................................................21

    • 4.3.1 Aim.........................................................................................................................21

    • 4.3.2 Method...................................................................................................................21

    • 4.3.3 Remarks................................................................................................................23

  • 4.4 Antenna Diversity Check..................................................................................................24

    • 4.4.1 Aim.........................................................................................................................24

    • 4.4.2 Method...................................................................................................................24

    • 4.4.3 Remarks................................................................................................................27

  • 4.5 Solving Problems.............................................................................................................28

  • Chapter 5

    Conclusion of Single Site Verification......................................................................28

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide List of Figures For internal use only Figure 1.1Flow chat

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    List of Figures

    For internal use only

    Figure 1.1Flow chat of network optimization................................................................................6 Figure 1.2Flow chat of single site verification..............................................................................7 Figure 1.1Method for exporting MML scripts..............................................................................10 Figure 2.1Importing MML scripts in Nastar (1)............................................................................10 Figure 3.1Importing MML scripts in Nastar (2)............................................................................11 Figure 5.1Importing MML scripts in Nastar (3)............................................................................11 Figure 5.2Querying RNC parameter configuration data in Nastar ............................................12 Figure 5.3Querying basic information in Nastar.........................................................................13 Figure 1.1Method for starting testing mode of Huawei U626 test UE.......................................14 Figure 1.1Schematic drawing of route for verifying and testing area.......................................20 Figure 3.1Method for setting PS DialUP continuous call of PS services in Probe..................22 Figure 1.1Selecting data to be recorded in HSDPA test.............................................................23 Figure 1.2Selecting data to be recorded in Layer1 and Layer2 pane........................................23 Figure 1.1Window of WCDMA HSDPA Link Statistics in Probe.................................................24 Figure 3.1RTWP without subscribers in antenna diversity check.............................................25 Figure 4.1RTWP measurement result of correct antenna diversity receiver............................26 Figure 4.2RTWP measurement result of incorrect antenna diversity receiver.........................26 Figure 1.1Test by exchanging antenna feeders..........................................................................27 Figure 1.2Schematic drawing for checking receiver diversity...................................................27

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    Key words: WCDMA, HSDPA, network optimization, single site verification, and regional verification

    Abstract: This document describes the tasks to be completed in single site verification stage, including work division of on-site engineers and radio network optimization (RNO) engineers, complete test process for verifying single site, test preparations, the goals, methods, and instructions for each measurement indexes.

    Acronyms and abbreviations

    Acronyms

    Full Spelling

    RSCP

    Received Signal Code Power

    RTWP

    Received Total Wideband Power

    VP

    Video Phone

    HSDPA

    High Speed Downlink Packet Access

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Chapter 1 Introduction to Single Site

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    Chapter 1 Introduction to Single Site Verification

    In WCDMA RNO, completing automatic check and test of functions of equipment in each site is necessary and ensures that the basic functions (such as access and call) of each cell and site in the area to be optimized are normal. By single site verification, you can achieve the following goals:

    To distinguish the call drop and access problems due to poor coverage from those due to equipment performance. This helps locate and solve problems in later stages, and raise efficiency of network optimization. To familiarize the site location and configuration, the ambient radio environment. This helps engineers in the following optimizations.

    Single site verification involves the following aspects:

    Parameter setting check in idle mode Services call (AMR/VP/PS) function check in connected mode HSDPA function check CPICH RSCP&Ec/Io Installing problems check (whether the feeder is reversely connected)

    This document includes the following content:

    Chapter 1

    introduces the goals and content of single site verification.

    Chapter 2

    provides the basis processes and work division of single site verification.

    Chapter 3 describes the methods for single site verification in each stage with

    Nastar4.0 and Huawei U626 test UE.

    describes the tasks and methods for single site verification of RNO engineers based on Probe1.3.

    Chapter 5

    concludes the whole document.

    Chapter 2 Basic Processes

    • 2.1 Working Process

    Figure 1.1 shows the flow of network optimization. According to the figure, after sites are constructed and tested, the network optimization proceeds to the single site verification stage. Single site verification includes automatic test of equipment functions for cells and in this stage you check whether the equipment of each cell functions normally.

    When all the cells in the area to be optimized pass single site verification without function problem, the single site verification ends. Consequently, optimization proceeds to RF optimization stage.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Chapter 1 Introduction to Single Site

    Figure 1.1 Flow chat of network optimization

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Preparations before Radio test Radio parameter

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    Preparations before Radio test Radio parameter Checking parameter configuration site status planning data data table Checking
    Preparations before
    Radio
    test
    Radio
    parameter
    Checking
    parameter
    configuration
    site status
    planning data
    data table
    Checking
    table
    configured
    data
    Others
    Single site test
    Frequency
    check
    Scramble
    check
    Single
    site
    verification
    LAC/RAC
    checklist
    check
    CPICH
    RSCP&Ec/I
    o
    check by
    site
    Service call
    function
    check
    (voice/VP/P
    S)
    Coverage
    DT check
    HSDPA
    function
    check
    Antenna
    diversity
    Solving the check problem
    (optional)

    Figure 1.2 Flow chat of single site verification

    Single site verification includes preparations before test, single site test, and solving

    problems.

    In the stage of preparations before test, you must input the Radio Parameter Planning

    Data Table output in radio network planning (RNP). After check configured data, output

    the Radio Parameter Configuration Data Table and select proper test points and test

    route.

    In the stage of single site test, output the Single Site Verification Checklist according to

    the template.

    In the stage of solving problems, on-site engineers and product support engineers solve

    the function problems.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide 2.2 Work Division For internal use only The project dimensioning,

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    • 2.2 Work Division

    For internal use only

    The project dimensioning, staff, site distribution, and work division vary. The single site

    verification is completed by both on-site engineers and RNP engineers. Therefore

    engineers of different types complete different tasks.

    • 2.2.1 Single Site Verification and Test by On-site Engineers

    The on-site engineers must complete the following tasks.

    1)

    Prepare as described in 3.1, "Preparation before test".

    2)

    Before the NodeB is enabled, check by test UEs that the basic functions of each cell

     

    are normal.

     

    The indexes to be checked includes cell status and service connection in the idle

    mode and connected mode as below:

    Idle mode

     

    Frequency check

    Scramble check

    Coverage check: CPICH_RSCP (within 100 meters from site) > –75 dBm.

    CPICH_EcIo (within 100 meters from site) > –8 dBm.

     

    Connected mode

     

    Originating and terminating connection conditions of voice service

    Originating and terminating connection conditions of VP services

    PS service connection conditions

    3)

    Output Single Site Verification Checklist of each site

    • 2.2.2 Single Site Verification and Test by RNO Engineers

    The RNO engineers complete the following tests of single site verification:

    Coverage DT Check

    HSDPA Access Function Test

    Antenna Diversity Check (if specified by operators in verification)

    Chapter 3 Verifications by On-site Engineers

    On-site engineers verifies single sites by test UEs and check the cell status and service

    connection conditions in the Verification in Idle Mode and Verification in Connected

    Mode. The following sections take Huawei U626 handset as example for completing

    single site verification. For handsets of other types, the method for starting testing mode

    and measurement interface is different, but the following sections can still serve as

    reference for configuring testing parameters.

    • 3.1 Preparations before Test

      • 3.1.1 Site Status Check

    Before site test, list all the cells of one or more NodeBs in the areas to be measured and

    ensure that the status of the cells to be measured is normal.

    For each cell to be measured, check by LMT or M2000 the following indexes:

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only  Whether each cell has been

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    Whether each cell has been set up.

    Whether cell Data Validity Indicator is Valid.

    Whether cell BAM Status is Unblocked

    Whether HSDPA function is properly configured and activated for HSDPA cells.

    Query the following indexes by execute the related command:

    Query cell status by executing DSP CELL MML of RNC LMT.

    Query cell HSDPA configuration by executing LST CELLHSDPA.

    Activate cell HSDPA function by executing ACT CELLHADPA.

    For each abnormal status, you must analyze for the causes. After troubleshooting, you

    can verify single sites.

    The on-site engineers and product support engineers must check that each network

    element (MSC, SGSN, GGSN, and so on) of core network (CN) has alarms. After single

    site verification of a cell, the cell must be checked by being connected for CS and PS

    services for one or two times. If the cell functions normally, you need not to inform CN

    product support engineers of checking before test.

    • 3.1.2 Configuration Data Collection and Check

    Before site test, you must collect data for RNP configuration and other data for RNC

    database, and check whether the data configured is consistent with the planned data.

    I. RNP Configuration Data Collection

    The parameters for RNP configuration are obtainable from Radio Parameter Planning

    Data Table output in network planning state. If related files are inaccessible, quote the

    parameters from RNP reports or obtain them from local RNP engineers.

    The following indexes are necessary in RNP configuration data:

    NODEBNAME

    LOCELL ID

    MAXTXPOWER

    LAC

    RAC

    Scramble PSCRAMBCODE

    Frequency UARFCNDOWNLINK

    Others

    II. RNC Configuration Data Collection

    The method for collecting MML scripts is below:

    Type the command EXP CFGMML and define the name of the exported file as

    CFGMML.txt, shown in Figure 1.1:

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 1.1 Method for exporting MML

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 1.1 Method for exporting MML

    Figure 1.1 Method for exporting MML scripts

    The method for generating RNC configuration data is below:

    Generate the configuration data table by using MML script files and Nastar software, with

    the method below:

    1) Run Nastar. 2) Select System > Import RNC Data, as shown in Figure 2.1.
    1)
    Run Nastar.
    2)
    Select System > Import RNC Data, as shown in Figure 2.1.

    Figure 2.1 Importing MML scripts in Nastar (1)

    3)

    Select Data Type Setting and then select Config Data, as shown in Figure 3.1.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 3.1 Importing MML scripts in

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 3.1 Importing MML scripts in

    Figure 3.1 Importing MML scripts in Nastar (2)

    4) Click Browse to set the directory where MML script files are saved. 5) Click OK
    4)
    Click Browse to set the directory where MML script files are saved.
    5)
    Click OK to import MML script files, as shown in Figure 5.1.

    Figure 5.1 Importing MML scripts in Nastar (3)

    The method for querying RNC parameter configuration data by Nastar is below:

    After importing MML scripts, you can see the NE information in WCDMA Network

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Element . Right-click RNC and a

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    Element. Right-click RNC and a menu for querying RNC configuration parameters are

    displayed, including the following parameters:

    RNC Algorithm Switch

    Resource Control

    Access

    Handoff

    Load Control

    Power Control

    NodeB lub Congestion Control

    You can query parameter configuration by selecting related submenu.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Element . Right-click RNC and a

    Figure 5.2 Querying RNC parameter configuration data in Nastar

    The method for querying cell parameter configuration data in Nastar is below:

    In the Figure 5.2, click + before RNC, and then the cell information is displayed. Right

    click on the target cell and you can see the following information:

    Cell Basic Info

    Coverage-related parameters

    Access-related parameters

    Handoff-related parameters

    RRC-related parameters

    Power control-related parameters

    You can see the content by selecting different submenus.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 5.3 Querying basic information in

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 5.3 Querying basic information in

    Figure 5.3 Querying basic information in Nastar

    On-site engineers must key on checking the inconsistencies between configured data

    and planned data, including the following indexes:

    NODEBNAME

    LOCELL ID

    MAXTXPOWER

    LAC

    RAC

    Scramble PSCRAMBCODE

    Frequency UARFCNDOWNLINK

    • 3.1.3 Testing Point Selection

    I. Aim to Select Testing Points

    To ensure that the services to be tested are provided by the cell to be measured, you

    must test cell equipment functions by selecting a

    conditions:

    test point meeting the following

    Where the signals of target cell are strong

    Where the signals of other cells are weak

    II. Methods for Selecting Testing Points

    To ensure that the services to be tested are provided by the cell to be measured, the

    most ideal method is to disable power amplifiers of other cells except the cell to be

    measured. In this situation, no requirements are on the testing points.

    If you cannot disable the power amplifier of other cells, select a testing point near the

    center of the cell, with line-of-sight distance to the NodeB. In this way, the signals are

    strong enough and do not fluctuate. For a macro cell, select a testing point 100 meters

    from NodeB in the direction of major transmission of cell antenna, with line-of-sight

    distance to NodeB.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide 3.1.4 Test UE Setup For internal use only Set the

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    • 3.1.4 Test UE Setup

    For internal use only

    Set the handset to testing mode before test. For different types of handset, the method

    for starting testing mode is different. For Huawei U626, press the keys * and #, as well as

    left navigation key in the same time to start engineering mode, and this serves for locking

    frequency. Press the application key to starting testing mode, as shown in Figure 1.1.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide 3.1.4 Test UE Setup For internal use only Set the

    Application key

    Figure 1.1 Method for starting testing mode of Huawei U626 test UE

    • 3.1.5 Other Preparations

    Besides the tasks mentioned previously, you must complete the following tasks:

    Check from the operator's optimization engineers whether the power transmission of

    each site is allowed

    Obtain the number of test UE

    Check whether the UE is a test UE in engineering mode or uses a data card and

    whether the UE power is enough

    Print the test table

    Familiarize the following information about NodeB before test, including:

    Site location

    Cell ID

     

    Scramble

     

    Omnidirectional/Directional site

     

    Azimuth

    3.2 Verification in Idle Mode

    Verification in idle mode includes the following aspects:

    Frequency Check

    Scramble Check

    LAC/RAC Check

    CPICH_RSCP/CPICH_EcIo (Near Site) Test

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide 3.2.1 Frequency Check I. Aim For internal use only Check

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    • 3.2.1 Frequency Check

      • I. Aim

    For internal use only

    Check whether the frequency number of the cell to be measured is consistent with the

    planned data.

    II. Method

    According to the method mentioned in 3.1.3, press the application key to start testing

    mode of the handset. Then the handset displays testing mode.

    Query WCDMA-Network Information, and the handset displays the basic information

    of the serving network, including the uplink and downlink frequency number.

    III. Remarks

    Check whether the ID of the serving cell (CI) is consistent with the planned one in

    frequency check. If not, the UE might receive signals from other cells.

    1)

    If the ID of the serving cell is consistent with the planned one, you do as below:

    Move the UE to a location with stronger signals and wait for two minutes. If the

    measured CI is inconsistent with the planned one, the UE does not reselect a cell.

    You must power off the UE, and then power on the UE to ensure that the UE camps

    on the cell with strongest signals, namely, the primary serving cell. Only when both

    the frequency and CI are consistent can the test pass.

    2)

    If the ID of the serving cell is inconsistent with the planned one, you do as below:

    You must lock frequency. For Huawei U626 handset, press the keys * and #, as well

    as the left navigation key at the same time to start engineering mode. Press

    Locking Frequency, and then Start Locking Frequency. After typing the

    frequency point, click OK to complete locking frequency. After frequency locking,

    you must restart testing mode. If the frequency and CI are consistent, the single site

    verification test passes.

    If you cannot find the serving CI for a long time, possibly the signals of the primary

    serving cell are transmitted abnormally, and the antenna-feeder are reversely connected.

    You must adjust them and then restart the test.

    • 3.2.2 Scramble Check

      • I. Aim Check whether the scramble configuration is consistent with the planned configuration.

    II. Method

    Press the application key to start testing mode of the handset.

    Query WCDMA-Network Information, and the handset displays the basic information

    of the serving network, including the primary scramble (P-SC) information.

    III. Remarks

    Based on consistency of CI, check whether the P-SC is consistent with the planned one.

    If yes, the site passes the test. If no, you must readjust and retest.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide 3.2.3 LAC/RAC Check I. Aim For internal use only Check

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    • 3.2.3 LAC/RAC Check

      • I. Aim

    For internal use only

    Check whether the LAC/RAC of the cell to be measured is consistent with the planed

    one.

    II. Method

    Press the application key to start testing mode of the handset.

    Query WCDMA-Network Information, and the handset displays the basic information

    of the serving network, including LAC and RAC.

    III. Remarks

    If the measured LAC/RAC is consistent with the planned one, the site passes test. If not,

    you must readjust and retest.

    • 3.2.4 CPICH_RSCP/CPICH_EcIo (Near Site) Test

      • I. Aim Check whether the CPICH RSCP and CPICH Ec/Io received by UE are greater than the threshold. Check whether there are problems, such as abnormal power amplifier, abnormal connection of antenna-feeder, inconsistent of antenna tilt/azimuth from the planned one, and blocking by buildings.

    II. Method

    In the major transmission direction of antenna, fix a location with line-of-sight distance

    from the antenna within 100 meters from the NodeB.

    Power on the test UE and start testing mode by pressing the application key.

    Query WCDMA-Power/RRC, and the handset displays the information about the

    received signals, including the received signal strength Rx (CPICH_RSCP) and the

    received signal-to-interference radio (SIR) (CPICH Ec/Io).

    III. Remarks

    The threshold of CPICH RSCP and CPICH Ec/Io are related to site types (macro cell,

    micro cell) and loading conditions. You must determine them according to the actual

    situations.

    For macro cells, CPICH RSCP > –70 dBm.

    For micro cells, CPICH RSCP > –60 dBm.

    For no-load cells, CPICH Ec/Io > –6 dB.

    For load-on cells, CPICH Ec/Io > –10 dB.

    If the operator also runs a 2G network and the 3G sites and 2G sites share sites, you can

    compare the coverage of corresponding 2G sites for checking signal coverage problems.

    If no special note is for a cell, the related CPICHH RSCP > –75 dBm, CPICH Ec/Io > –

    8 dB.

    If CPICH RSCP < –75dBm, you must check for the following problems:

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only  Abnormal power amplifier  Abnormal

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    Abnormal power amplifier

    Abnormal connection of antenna-feeder

    Inconsistency of antenna tile/direction angle from planned one

    Blocking by buildings

    If CPICH Ec/Io < –8dB (when loading, the CPICH Ec/Io < –10dB), you must inform of

    RNO engineers.

    3.3 Verification in Connected Mode

    • 3.3.1 Originating and Terminating Connection Test of Voice Service

      • I. Aim Check whether the originating and terminating function of voice service function normally by call quality test (CQT).

    II. Method

    Use two handsets to call each other for five times. Record the originating and terminating

    connection conditions,

    III. Remarks

    If the originating or terminating handset fails, you must locate to solve the problem and

    retest it.

    • 3.3.2 Originating and Terminating Connection Test of VP Service

      • I. Aim Check whether the originating and terminating function of VP service function normally by call quality test (CQT).

    II. Method

    Use two handsets to call each other for five times. Record the originating and terminating

    connection conditions,

    III. Remarks

    If the originating or terminating handset fails, you must locate to solve the problem and

    retest it.

    • 3.3.3 Connection Test of PS Services

      • I. Aim Check whether the originating function of PS services are normal by handset online service.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide II. Method For internal use only Before test, check whether

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    II. Method

    For internal use only

    Before test, check whether you can go online with the test UE in normal cells. If the

    handset is available for online service, type the website address in the browser. It is a

    symbol for connection of PS services that the handset is available for online services and

    browsing web pages.

    The method for Huawei U626 handset to browse online is below:

    1)

    Select Main Menu > Data Connection > Data Account. Check the IP address of

    data account. Ensure than the access point name (APN) is correctly configured. For

    example, the ANP for Chine Mobile Monternet is cmwap.

    2)

    Select Main Menu > Browser > Selecting Network Settings. Select the network

    settings, press Edit and the handset displays the editing interface. You can editing

     

    the following items:

     

    Homepage: type the website address entitled "http://"

    WAP gateway: if there is a WAP gateway, type the IP address, IP port number,

     

    user name, and password. If not, neglect it

     

    Timeout: the default out time is 60s

    Data account: select as described in 1

    Connection type: select HTTP

    3)

    Select Main Menu > Browser > Homepage. Select OK to browse the homepage. If

    no homepage address is in Network Settings, or you aim to browse other web

    pages, select Main Menu > Browser > Typing Website Address. After typing a

    website address, select OK. Then you can browse the specified web page.

    The method for Moto A835 handset to browse online is below:

    1)

    Edit online settings.

     

    Select Menu > Tools > Web Access > Web Sessions. Move the cursor to the

    target web session, press

    target web session, press , and a menu is displayed. Select Edit to edit online

    , and a menu is displayed. Select Edit to edit online

    settings as below:

     

    Homepage: type homepage address excluding "http://"

    Service Type1: HTTP

     

    Service Type2: WAP

    Port1: 8080

    GPRS APN: for example, the APN for China Mobile Monternet is cmwap.

    2)

    Select Menu > Tools > Web Access > Web Sessions. Select Launch to browse

    the specified web page.

    III. Remarks

    If you can browse the specified web page with the UE in the cell to be measured, the site

    passes the test. If not, the PS services are unavailable and you must location to retest.

    3.4 Solving Problems

    If on-site engineers find product function problems or parameter configuration problems,

    the engineers must location them and retest until the problems are solved and process

    terminates.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Chapter 4 Verifications by RNO Engineers

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    Chapter 4 Verifications by RNO Engineers

    After on-site engineers complete the basis verifications of equipment functions, the RNO

    engineers do the following tasks:

    Coverage DT Check

    HSDPA Access Function Test

    Antenna Diversity Check (if specified by customers)

    RNO engineers can verify areas by cluster according to new site distribution.

    • 4.1 Preparations before Test

      • 4.1.1 Cell Status Confirmation

    Before checking site, you need to inquiry product support engineers whether alarms

    exist, whether problems are solved, and whether the cell is in normal status. You must

    pay attention to intermittent alarms (such as, transmission alarms automatically reset, but

    this causes network to become unstable and affects services)

    • 4.1.2 Testing Route Selection

    Before test, you must select a proper testing route according to site distribution and local

    environment, with principles as below:

    The testing route needs to cover the coverage are of primary serving cell to be

    measured as possible, as well as all major street around the NodeB to be

    measured.

    The testing route involves consideration of local driving habit and avoids waiting for

    traffic lights during testing.

    Figure 1.1 shows the schematic drawing of route for verifying and testing area.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 1.1 Schematic drawing of route

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 1.1 Schematic drawing of route

    Figure 1.1 Schematic drawing of route for verifying and testing area

    4.1.3 Precautions

    Testing cell coverage and HSDPA access function in area verification requires a quick

    schedule. If the method is improper, the test of an index might terminate due to one or

    two abnormal cells. For a proper schedule, you must read the details of test, know the

    content, and avoid wasting time due to abnormalities.

    You must pay attention to the following aspects:

    Connect HSDPA terminal and scanner by a laptop and ensure normal work of

    testing equipment and testing software.

    Control the HSDPA terminal to call PS services continuously with testing software

    and check whether the HSDPA access of the cells to be tested functions normally.

    Control the scanner to measure RSCP and Ec/Io of CPICH with testing software

    and check the downlink coverage of the cells to be tested.

    In test, the car moves at a speed of about 30 kilometers/hour. It slows down or stops

    by street or road when passing the primary serving cell to be measured or in the

    following situations:

    Abnormal HSDPA access function

    Abnormal testing equipment

    Poor CPICH RSCP of a cell

    In case of the previous situations, record the abnormalities and continuous the test.

    When the test is complete, verify the abnormal cells and solve problems.

    You must check for the following problems:

    Abnormal power amplifier

    Abnormal connection of antenna-feeder

    Inconsistency of antenna tile/direction angle from planned one

    Blocking by buildings

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide 4.2 Coverage DT Check 4.2.1 Aim Check by drive test

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    • 4.2 Coverage DT Check

      • 4.2.1 Aim

    Check by drive test (DT) the following aspects:

    For internal use only

    Whether CPICH RSCP and CPICH Ec/Io received by scanner is normal (for

    example, whether the CPICH RSCP and CPICH Ec/Io of a cell is much smaller than

    that of other cells)

    Abnormal power amplifier

    Abnormal connection of antenna-feeder

    Inconsistency of antenna tile/direction angle from planned one

    Blocking by buildings

    • 4.2.2 Method

    To check coverage by DT, proceed as below:

    1)

    Prepare the NodeB location map.

    Familiarize the points with poor coverage.

    2)

    Connect the scanner to the laptop computer and test the signals of the target cell

    according to the selected testing route.

    You need to cover all major streets around the NodeB as possible.

    3)

    Output area coverage map based on the pilot signals received by scanner.

    Compare the CPICH RSCP and Ec/Io distribution of each cell. You must pay special

    attention to the cells with weak RSCP and Ec/Io.

    • 4.2.3 Remarks

    While testing, you must pay attention to the distribution of nearby buildings, especially

    those high buildings which might block signals. While analyzing the data, compare the

    distribution of CPICH RSCP and Ec/Io of each cell. If the CPICH RSCP and Ec/Io of a

    cell is much lower than those of other cells, check the cell for the following situations:

    Abnormal power amplifier

    Abnormal connection of antenna-feeder

    Inconsistency of antenna tile/direction angle from planned one

    Blocking by buildings

    • 4.3 HSDPA Access Function Test

      • 4.3.1 Aim

    Check by test whether the HSDPA access of the cell to be tested functions normally.

    • 4.3.2 Method

    To test HSDPA access function, proceed as below:

    I. Preparations

    Check the downlink rate for defining a subscriber by USIM module, and query HSDPA

    threshold of downlink BE service by executing LST FRC command on RNC LMT.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only You must ensure that the downlink

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    You must ensure that the downlink rate for defining a subscriber by USIM is greater than

    the HSDPA threshold of downlink BE service.

    II. Automatic and Continuous Call

    Control the testing software to call PS services automatically and continuously by PS

    DialUP in Probe. The details are as below:

    1) Select Configuration > System Config > Test Plan. 2) Select UE in the Device dropdown
    1)
    Select Configuration > System Config > Test Plan.
    2)
    Select UE in the Device dropdown list.
    3)
    Click TestItem, as shown in Figure 3.1.

    Figure 3.1 Method for setting PS DialUP continuous call of PS services in Probe

    4)

    Select PS DialUP and set parameters as below:

    (PS DialUp) Enable = true

    PDP type = ppp

    PDP APN (China Mobile Monternet) = cmwap

    Traffic Class = Background

    NeedHandUp = true

    Reserve Time = 30s (recommended)

    Test Time = 999 (recommended)

    Interval Time = 5s (recommended)

    III. Setting Items in Layer1 and Layer2

    Check the hardware configuration and port in Probe. Add the items to be measured in

    Layer1 and Layer2 related to HSDPA in Log Mark. Otherwise, the system does not

    record them and the data related to HSDPA is not displayed in the three windows of

    HSDPA. You can configure it as shown in Figure 1.1 and Figure 1.2.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 1.1 Selecting data to be

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 1.1 Selecting data to be

    Figure 1.1 Selecting data to be recorded in HSDPA test

    You can select indexes as shown in Figure 1.2.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 1.1 Selecting data to be

    Figure 1.2 Selecting data to be recorded in Layer1 and Layer2 pane

    In Probe, click Start Test, the software starts test and recording the results to testing

    files. The system automatically connects to HSDPA service. Download large files with the

    following professional downloading software to ensure continuity of data transmission:

    Flashget

    Net Transport

    NetAnt

    4.3.3 Remarks

    To test HSDPA functions, you must use the testing software supporting HSDPA (such as

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide Probe 1.3). For internal use only The HSDPA threshold of

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    Probe 1.3).

    For internal use only

    The HSDPA threshold of downlink BE service is defined as the rate judgment threshold

    of background/interactive services loaded on HS-DSCH in PS domain. If the maximum

    downlink rate of background/interactive services in PS domain is greater than the HSDPA

    threshold, the HS-DSCH is used for loading. Otherwise, DCH is used for loading. You

    can query the threshold by executing LST FRC on RNC LMT.

    By information updating of testing window related to HSDPA in testing software, you can

    judge whether the service maps on HS-DSCH. If it is an R99 service, the HSDPA-related

    window does not display data or the data is not updated. For example, in the window of

    WCDMA HSDPA Link Statistics, you can see the testing information as shown in Figure

    1.1.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide Probe 1.3). For internal use only The HSDPA threshold of

    Figure 1.1 Window of WCDMA HSDPA Link Statistics in Probe

    • 4.4 Antenna Diversity Check

    Check antenna diversity as required by operators accordingly.

    • 4.4.1 Aim

    Check whether the antenna for receiving diversity signals is reversely connected.

    • 4.4.2 Method

    The following paragraphs describe methods for checking antenna receiving diversity.

    I. Fixed Maximum Transmit Power of UE

    In the cell to be measured, if the UE transmits signals at the fixed maximum power (some

    UE supports transmitting signals at a fixed power, such as Huawei U626), the RTWP of

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only the cell to be measured and

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    the cell to be measured and the neighbor cells increases. When the UE connects to the

    network in the direction of major lobe in the cell to be measured,

    If the diversity receiver antenna is correctly connected, the RTWP of the

    corresponding cell increases only and the RTWP of neighbor sectors changes less.

    If the diversity receiver antenna is improperly connected, the RTWP of other sectors

    also increases.

    In this way, you can judge whether the diversity of the receiver antenna is problematic.

    The following paragraphs are based on Huawei U626 test UE and describe the steps for

    checking antenna diversity by the method Maximum Transmit Power of UE.

    1)

    Use two U626 handsets to dial each other for VP service.

    2)

    In a cell of the target NodeB, press the keys * and #, as well as the left navigation

    key to start engineering mode. Select Transmitting at the Maximum Power in

    the Specified Frequency, type the frequency number to complete setting

    Transmitting at the Fixed Maximum Power.

    3)

    Start measuring RTWP of each cell of the target NodeB on RNC LMT.

    Figure 3.1 shows the RTWP without subscribers in antenna diversity check.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only the cell to be measured and

    Figure 3.1 RTWP without subscribers in antenna diversity check

    4)

    Move the UE around the NodeB and stop in the direction of major lobe of the three

    sectors.

    Check the measured RTWP on RNC LMT. Check whether the RTWP of the

    corresponding sector increases sharply compared with that of other sectors. If yes,

    the antenna diversity receiver is correct. If no, the antenna diversity receiver might

    be incorrect and need checking and locating for problems. Assume the UE camps

    on cell 10111 (Cell ID = 10111), the RTWP measurement result of correct antenna

    diversity receiver is as shown in Figure 4.1.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 4.1 RTWP measurement result of

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 4.1 RTWP measurement result of

    Figure 4.1 RTWP measurement result of correct antenna diversity receiver

    By comparison of Figure 3.1 and Figure 4.1, if the antenna diversity receiver is correct

    and the UE camps on cell 10111, the RTWP of cell 10111 changes apparently while that

    of rest two cells changes a little.

    Assume the UE camps on cell 10111. Figure 4.2 shows the measurement result of

    incorrect antenna diversity receiver.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only Figure 4.1 RTWP measurement result of

    Figure 4.2 RTWP measurement result of incorrect antenna diversity receiver

    By comparison of Figure 4.2 and Figure 3.1, when the antenna diversity receiver is

    incorrect, the RTWP of both the cell 10111 and 10112 (neighbor) changes apparently.

    This indicates that the receiver diversity antenna is reversely connected.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide II. Checking Antennas by Exchanging Feeders For internal use only

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    II. Checking Antennas by Exchanging Feeders

    For internal use only

    Connect the Tx/Rx feeder to the Rx ports and the Rx feeder to the Tx/Rx port. In Figure

    1.1, part A shows the original connection and part B shows the antenna after exchanging

    feeders. Compare the CPICH RSCP before and after exchanging feeders. If they are the

    same, the problem is not about reverse connection of antenna feeders (normally after

    exchanging feeders the difference of CPICH RSCP before and after exchanging feeders

    is less than 2 dB).

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide II. Checking Antennas by Exchanging Feeders For internal use only

    Figure 1.1 Test by exchanging antenna feeders

    When you check antenna diversity receiver by exchanging feeder antennas, the antenna

    connection is as shown in Figure 1.2.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide II. Checking Antennas by Exchanging Feeders For internal use only

    Figure 1.2 Schematic drawing for checking receiver diversity

    4.4.3 Remarks

    The method for UE to transmit signals at the fixed maximum power is a recommended

    method of test and operation, but it is restricted from whether the UE supports related

    functions. To exchange antenna feeders, you must repeatedly adjust the antenna-feeder

    system. Adjustment requires abundant labor and is difficult to implement, so engineers

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide must cooperate well with each other in test. 4.5 Solving

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    must cooperate well with each other in test.

    4.5 Solving Problems

    For internal use only

    If RNO engineers find problems about product function, such as originating or terminating

    failure, call drop, quality of talk, they must retest to check whether the problem occurs

    again. In addition, RNO engineers must ask product support engineers to solve problems

    and tracing the solving of problems until problems are solved and closed.

    If the problems are about engineering installation, ask on-site engineers to solve them.

    Meanwhile RNO engineers must trace them until they are solved and closed.

    Chapter 5 Conclusion of Single Site Verification

    In single site verification stage, engineers check whether equipment functions normally.

    Single site verification is a basis for the following RF optimization and service

    optimization. On-site engineers must cooperate well with RNO engineers to ensure

    quality of projects.

    On-site engineers complete the verification by test UE in idle mode and connected mode.

    The content of verification includes:

    Frequency check

    Scramble check

    LAC/RAC check

    CPICH RSCP check and CPICH Ec/Io check near NodeB

    Connection check of AMR/VP/PS services in connected mode

    RNO engineers complete the verification based on distribution of new site. The content of

    verification includes:

    DT test

    HSDPA access functions test

    Antenna diversity check (if specified by customers)

    If all verifications about function are accepted, the single site verification is completed. If

    any problem about product function is found, engineers must locate it and retest. After

    single site verification, optimization comes to RF optimization.

    Compared with WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guidance, this version has the

    following content changed:

    Add the divided work for on-site engineers and RNO engineers, regional site verification,

    and HSDPA function test.

    Redesign the whole document and enhance operateability. On-site engineers and RNO

    engineers can complete all single site verification tasks according to this document.

    The SMS service verification involves intelligent network, so it is excluded here. It is also

    removed from Single Site Verification Checklist Template.

    Whether handover involves function or performance is difficult to decide, so it is excluded

    here. It is also removed from this document.

    HSDPA throughput involves performance, so it is excluded here. This document requires

    you to verify HSDPA access function.

    The reselection between 3G and 2G and test of voice services handover between 3G

    and 2G involves working efficiency,

    and

    it

    is difficult

    to

    divide them

    as a function

    or

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide For internal use only performance problem. Therefore they are excluded

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    For internal use only

    performance problem. Therefore they are excluded here. It is recommended that

    engineers verify single sites by special optimization in system function verification stage

    or parameters optimization stage. In this new version, this part is removed.

    In antenna diversity check, resetting uplink service SIRtarget involves parameters related

    to RNP and is not recommended. Therefore this part is removed.

    The RTWP test is unrelated to single site function verification, so it is excluded.

    The antenna diversity check is not a routine task in single site verification, and it is

    triggered by test specified by operators.

    The requirements on division of responsibilities for single site verification are just raised.

    This document is a conclusion of engineers' opinions and the operateability of the book is

    not tested, so it must be tested in on-site engineers.

    The precondition for this document is as below:

    Based on Nastar 4.0 and Huawei U626, on-site engineers describe the working methods

    in each stage. Based on Probe 1.3, RNO engineers describe the testing methods for

    single site verification.

    This precondition restricts the document by applicable range. Common users can verify

    most common single sites according to this document. Inexperienced engineers must be

    guided by experienced ones if the on-site testing tools change.

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide Reference For internal use only [1] Xie Zhibin WCDMA RNO

    WCDMA RNO Single Site Verification Guide

    Reference

    For internal use only

    [1] Xie Zhibin WCDMA RNO Radio Network Optimization Operation Guide. Dec 2003.