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# MANE-4030: Elements of Mechanical Design: Worksheet #2

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0 0.5 1 elongation (mm) 1.5 2

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0 0 5 10 15 20 25 30 elongation (mm)

## Detail of small elongation region.

Worksheet #2 solutions
Jan. 27, 2011 (a) The elongation at 0.2% strain is f = 0.002 200mm = 0.4mm Draw a line parallel to the elastic loading line, starting from point (0.4mm,0kN). Measure the y cordinate of the intersection point of this line and the load line, we get: load F 36kN This is the force associated with the 0.2% oset yield stress. The yield stress is then Sy = F 36, 000 N = = 230 M P a A0 (0.007 m)2

(b) Get the ultimate tensile strength, by measuring the second gure, the maximum load is about 65kN , so the ultimate tensile strength is: Su = Fmax 65, 000 N = = 420 M P a A0 (0.007 m)2

(c) To get elastic modulus, by measuring the elastic loading line, we get kax 29kN = 145 (kN/mm) 0.2mm

E=

## 145(kN/mm)200mm kN kax l0 = = 188 = 188 GP a 2 A0 (7mm) mm2

(d) Get the true stress at the maximum load. The true area at the maximum load is calculated based on the approximation that the volume is constant. The elongation at the maximum load is about 25mm. A0 l0 = (7 mm)2 (200 mm) = Al = A(200 mm + 25 mm) Thus, at maximum load, A = 137 mm2 . So the true stress at the maximum load is true = Fmax 65, 000 N = = 475 M P a A 137 mm2