You are on page 1of 5

ACEEE International Journal on Communication (IJCom), Issue. 3, Vol.

4, Nov 2013

Simulation of wireless dynamic source routing protocol with IP traffic flow analysis, memory efficiency and increased throughput
Diya Naresh Vadhwani1, Megha Singh2, and Deepak Kulhare3
1

Central India Institute of technology, Indore, India dnvadhwani@gmail.com 2 Central India Institute of technology, Indore, India maggii.megha@gmail.com, 3 Central India Institute of technology, Indore, India dkulhare@gmail.com
AbstractToday in fast technology development in wireless mobile adhoc network there is vast scope for research. As it is known that wireless communication for mobile network has many application areas like routing services, security services etc. The mobile adhoc network is the wireless network for communication in which the mobile nodes are organized without any centralized administrator. There are many Manet routing protocols like reactive, proactive, hybrid etc. In this paper the reactive Manet routing protocol like DSR is simulated for traffic analysis for 50 mobile nodes for IP traffic flows. Also throughput is analyzed for DSR and ER-DSR protocol. And finally the memory utilized during simulation of DSR and ER-DSR is evaluated in order to compare both. Index Termswireless mobile adhoc network, dsr, er-dsr, opnet, throughput, ip traffic flow, memory utilized

node to which to transmit the packet on its way to the destination node [1]. Here in this research work the dsr manet routing protocol is updated which is known as ER-DSR using the dsr route discovery parameters and the simulation and results are collected. III. SIMULATION ENVIRONMENT Here the dynamic source protocol and ER-DSR are simulated using OPNET 14.5 modeler and the results for memory used by protocol during simulation, number of packets delivered per unit time i.e. throughput and IPtraffic flow analysis are collected and shown with simulations. Fig.1 shows the network diagram for 50 nodes.

I. INTRODUCTION The wireless network has many advantages in today technological development for communication of wireless and mobile nodes. The wireless network is of types types, first the wireless network with base station or access point and second the wireless network without any base station which is also know as ad hoc network. In this paper the mobile ad hoc network is studied for routing in order to simulate the dynamic source routing protocol for various performance matrices. Here during the simulation the IP traffic flows are also analyzed. Also the ER-DSR which is the enhanced DSR is implemented and simulated in OPNET 14.5 simulator. Finally the results for throughput and memory utilization are shown to compare the original DSR and ER-DSR. II. DSR INTRODUCTION DSR is the dynamic reactive source routing protocol which is based on source routing and does not based on based. DSR possessed the two mechanism for routing first is Route discovery and second is Route maintenance. DSR accumulates address of each device during route discovery process [1]. DSR uses source routing process and does not use hop by hop routing. Source routing is a routing technique in which the sender of a packet determines the complete sequence of nodes through which to forwarding hop by the address of the next

Fig 1.Network Diagram for 50 nodes

Fig 2 shows the node model for wireless mobile node.

ACEEE International Journal on Communication (IJCom), Issue. 3, Vol. 4, Nov 2013

Parameter Traffic Type Traffic packets/sec

Value IP-unicast traffic 100

The IP-traffic flows are shown in Table II as below.


TABLE II .IP-TRAFFIC FLOWS From Mobile Node 1 to Mobile Node 48 From Mobile Node 1 to Mobile Node 33 From Mobile Node 1 to Mobile Node 20 From Mobile Node 1 to Mobile Node 41 From Mobile Node 1 to Mobile Node 46 From Mobile Node 1 to Mobile Node 10 From Mobile Node 1 to Mobile Node 44 When the simulation Starts Starts after 60 sec of simulation Starts after 60 sec of simulation Starts after 60 sec of simulation Starts after 60 sec of simulation Starts after 60 sec of simulation Starts after 60 sec of simulation

Fig 2.Node model for mobile node

The Socket information is shown in Table III.


TABLE III.SOCKET INFORMATION Destination IP address Type of service Protocol Source Destination Auto assigned Best Effort(0) IP Email Ftp-Data

Fig 3 Process model for ip_dispatch

B. IP Traffic Flows The Fig 4 shows IP traffic flows for ER-DSR Manet routing protocol.

IV. IP TRAFFIC ANALYSIS FOR PROPOSED SCHEME A.Traffic Analysis for proposed protocol The traffic analysis parameters for the DSR routing protocol are as shown in Table I.
TABLE I .TRAFFIC PARAMETERS Parameter Traffic Type Number of Nodes Channel Protocol Simulation time Transmit power Traffic Protocol Traffic Bit/sec Value IP-unicast traffic 50 mobile nodes Wireless Fig 4 IP Traffic flow analysis for ER-DSR DSR & ER-DSR 360 sec 0.005W IP 12000

The Fig 5 shows IP traffic flows for DSR Manet routing protocol

ACEEE International Journal on Communication (IJCom), Issue. 3, Vol. 4, Nov 2013

V. THROUGHPUT COMPARISON

Fig 5 IP Traffic flow analysis for DSR

Fig 7 Total throughput comparison for DSR and ER-DSR Fig 6 Total Traffic flow analysis for ER DSR TABLE VII. Statistics summary for throughput for DSR and ER-DSR TABLE IV. Overall Traffic Summary statistics Parameter Number of Flows Total volume on flows Average volume per flow Total volume IP Protocol Flow Average Value 350 180.244MB 527.344KB 180.244MB 180.244MB in 350 flows 15.000B Parameters Initial value Standard deviation 99% conf-interval value ER-DSR Throughput (bits/sec) 5,819,312 1,055,142.93989592 993,836.108728629 DSR Throughput (bits/sec) 5,280,896 928,386.914082489 898,084.458036654

VI. MEMORY UTILIZATION

TABLE V. Traffic Summary statistics for 7 flows defined Parameter Number of Flows Total volume on flows Average volume per flow Total volume IP Protocol Flow Average Value 7 3.605MB 527.344KB 3.605MB 3.605MB in 7 flows 15.000B Fig 8 Total Memory used for DSR

TABLE VI. Peak Traffic Summary statistics for DSR and ER-DSR Peak traffic For ER-DSR For DSR 95th Percentile value 63.560 Kbps 58.280 Kbps

ACEEE International Journal on Communication (IJCom), Issue. 3, Vol. 4, Nov 2013

TABLE VIII.Statistics summary of Memory usage for DSR and ERDSR Parameters Memory used (Mean value (KB)) Speed (events/sec) Simulated time (sec) ER-DSR 37,656 KB 124,864 events/sec 300 sec DSR 39,085 KB 114,589 events/sec 300 sec

CONCLUSIONS From the above all figures 1 to 9 the DSR and ERDSR routing protocols are analyzed for traffic flow analysis, throughput and memory utilization which are shown with graph. From Table IV and Table V and VI it is concluded that total volume on 350 flow is 180.244 MB, average volume per flow is 527.344 KB and total volume on 7 flows is 3.605MB.Finally the peak traffic for ER-DSR is 63.560 Kbps and for DSR 58.280Kbps. From Table VII the throughput variations are observed. For DSR the throughput is 898,084.458036654bits/sec while for updated or enhanced DSR (ER-DSR) the throughput value is increased as 993,836.108728629 bits/sec. Hence it is concluded that ER-DSR proposed scheme can increased the throughput value by 9.5751%, but not always it can be vary depending on node size. From Table VIII, the memory used for DSR simulation is 39,085KB while the memory used for ER-DSR simulation is 37,656 KB .Thus the ER-DSR is made efficient in terms of memory usage. Also the simulation speed is 124,864 events/sec for ER-DSR and for DSR is 124,864 events/sec. For future the DSR can be made more efficient and reliable by considering the another performance matrices.

Fig 9 Total Memory used for ER-DSR

Fig 10 Memory statistic used for ER-DSR

REFERENCES
[1] Smriti sofat, Anuj Gupta,, A Survey on Throughput Analysis of DSR Routing Protocol in MANETs, International Journal of Multidisciplinary in Cryptology and Information Security, Volume 2, No.2, March April 2013 [2] Manijeh Keshtgary, Vahide Babaiyan, Performance Evaluation of Reactive, Proactive and Hybrid Routing Protocols in MANET, International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering (IJCSE) ISSN : 0975-3397 Vol. 4 No. 02 February 2012 pp 248254 [3] V. Saravanan, D.Vijayakumar, Performance Of Reactive And Proactive MANET Routing Protocols With Trajectories International Journal of Engineering Research & Technology (IJERT),Vol. 1 Issue 8, October 2012 ISSN: 2278-0181 [4] Diya Naresh Vadhwani, Deepak Kulhare, TRAFFIC ANALYSIS OF DSR, AODV AND OLSR USING TCP AND UDP, International Journal on Computer Science and Engineering (IJCSE), ISSN : 09753397 Vol. 5 No. 04 Apr 2013 221- 225, 2013 [5] Kumar Manoj, Ramesh Kumar, Kumari Arti , Analysis of Delay & Throughput in MANET for DSR Protocol,

Fig 11 Memory statistic used for DSR

ACEEE International Journal on Communication (IJCom), Issue. 3, Vol. 4, Nov 2013

[6]

[7]

[8]

[9] [10]

[11]

World Academy of Science, Engineering and Technology 53 2011 768-771 Diya Naresh Vadhwani, Deepak Kulhare, Megha Singh, BEHAVIOUR ANALYSIS OF DSR MANETP ROTOCOL WITH HTTP TRAFFIC USING OPNET SIMULATOR , International Journal of Innovative Research in Computer and Communication Engineering Vol. 1, Issue 3, May 2013 V.Ramesh, Dr.P.Subbaiah, N.Sandeep Chaitanya, K. Sangeetha Supriya, Performance Comparison of Congestion Aware Multi-Path Routing (with Load Balancing) and Ordinary DSR,978-1-4244-79320/10/$26.00 2010 IEEE Humaira Ehsan and Zartash Afzal Uzmi, Performance Comparison of Ad-hoc Wireless Network Routing Protocols, IEEE Transactions, 2004. OPNET Modeler, http://www.opnet.com Parulpreet Singh, Ekta Barkhodia, Gurleen Kaur Walia, Evaluation of various Traffic loads in MANET with DSR routing protocol through use of OPNET Simulator Shakeel Ahmad, Irfan Awan, Athar Waqqas,Bashir Ahmad, Performance Analysis of DSR & Extended DSR Protocols , Second Asia International Conference on

Modelling & Simulation, 978-0-7695-3136-6/08 $25.00 2008 IEEE DOI 10.1109/AMS.2008.72 191-196. [12] Juan-Carlos Cano and Pietro Manzoni, A Performance Comparison of Energy Consumption for Mobile Ad-hoc Network Routing Protocols,IEEE Transaction, 2000

Authors Profile :

1. Diya Naresh Vadhwani


MTECH Student of CSE, CIIT, RKDF group of institution Indore, RGPV University Madhya Pradesh, India 2. Megha singh Asst. Prof of Department of CSE, CIIT, RKDF group of institution Indore, RGPV University Madhya Pradesh, India 3. Prof. Deepak Kulhare Head of the Department of CSE, CIIT, RKDF group of institution Indore, RGPV University Madhya Pradesh, India