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Solved Examples

Using





STAAD












BY:

Eng.Aboelkasim Diab Ahmed
Aswan Faculty of Engineering
Civil Department







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Example 1:

Solve the following problem










Solution

Open the program


Rectangular section
40*100cms
Select next
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1-Grid



























Select add beam from this
window
Select finish
Where the total length of the beam is 18 meters into x
direction
The working plane

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2-Drawing
























3-Supports























Left click Left click Left click
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Select add button
4-Sections
Select this button to assign the support to its joints
Left click at the joint to assign the support
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5-Loads
























Select assign button make sure that you are selecting the
elements with this property
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With the same way add the other uniform load 4t/m'
Then select close button





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The same select the other element and assign the other uniform load


6-Analysis









Make sure that you are
selecting the element
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Analyze>Run Analysis



















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7-Results

Bending Moment Diagram
Mz




Shear Force Diagram
FY










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You can see the graphs with values by selecting beam-Graphs from the side bar






















The deflected shape











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2-Example 2:

Solve the following frame











Solution:
Open new project

















Select next
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1-Grid
Select add beam
Select finish
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2-Drawing

3-Supports






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For the roller support
Select create button then select enforced but



Assign each support to its joint as follow







Select use cursor to assign
Press assigning button to locate the
support to its joint
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4-Loads
































Make sure that you are selecting
Load case 1
For the uniform load 1t/m'
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For the triangular load
For the concentrated
moment=5 m.t
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To assign each load to its element

5-Sections








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6-Analysis




























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Analyze>Run Analysis
























Select Done

7-Results




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Shear Diagram
FY

Normal Force Diagram
FX









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Deflected Shape

Reactions




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3-Example 3:



Solution:

Open new project






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1-Grid




Plane structure
Select the units
The first element to be
drawn
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2-Drawing

3-Sections

For beams



The total length in x
direction is 30m
And the total length in y
direction is 10 m
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For columns



Select add to add then define the other
section
Select close to exit the window
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To assign each section to its element follow me
First select the element with the same property then




The same you can assign the other section to all beams





After closing the window the defined
sections will be inserted in the
pervious window
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4-Supports


For the
intermediate
hinges
First select the
element


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Select add then assign the intermediate hinge















5-Loads















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6-Analysis






























Analyze>Run Analysis
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7-Results

Bending moment diagram
MZ


Shear force diagram
FY


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Normal force diagram
FX

Deformed shape







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Example 4:









25x70cms
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Solution:

Open new project




















Select next







Case of plane structure
Select the units
The first element to be
drawn first
Select finish
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1-Grid




















2-Drawing







To draw the structure just select snap node/beam button then connect the
different points of the structure
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3-Supports

It is easy to define hinged and fixed supports lets know how to define the inclined
roller support

























Assign each support to its joint as follow





We want only the normal force on
that element so release the other
straining actions
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4-Sections


Assign the section to all elements
For the intermediate hinge










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Assign the intermediate as follow











5-Loads












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6-Analysis




















Analyze>run analysis























7-Results

For B.M.D

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For S.F.D

For N.F.D













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Deflected shape


To make a report about any data for example to make a report about the reactions at
node (follow my steps)

























Select print preview icon

Report setup
icon
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The same you can make a report for any data


Example 5:

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Solution:

Open new project




















Select next


























Case of plane
structure
Select your units
The first element to be
drawn is the beam
element
Select finish
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1-Grid






















2-Drawing






At x=0 At x=10 At x=18
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3-Sections














Assign the section to its beams
4-Supports

It is easy to assign the hinged and roller support as we learned in the pervious sections
For the hinged support



















For the roller support










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For the spring





















Assign each support to its joint as follow



5-Loads
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6-Analysis


















Analyze>run analysis























7-Results

For B.M.D




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S.F.D


Deflected shape



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Stress diagram

You can see the graphs of each straining action in a separate window as follow
You must be in the post processing mode







You can have a table for the reactions at nodes as follow






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To see that report






You can have a picture of any straining action (follow my steps)




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When you select the first icon a window will be displayed select ok
When you select the second icon



















Select the third icon to see the picture as follow
















1-First select this
i
2-Select this icon
3-Select this icon
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So you can have a report for any data
Let's export this data to word file


File>export report>ms word file

Then save the file with appropriate name and appropriate location
You can open the file you have exported

Example 6:

30 x 100 cms
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Plan of columns of space frame














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Solution:
Open new project























Select next
























Case of space structure
Select the units
The first element to be
drawn
Select finish
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1-Grid






















2-Drawing


To draw the other elements you can rotate the vertical and horizontal element about
the other vertical element by 90 degrees as follow
Follow my steps



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First select the vertical and horizontal
beams

















Select ok










Select this icon
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3-Sections

Assign the section to its beams and columns

You can see the structure into 3D-view as follow

To rotate this column follow my steps



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Select the column and assign the angle to that column as follow




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If you saw the structure into 3d view, you would see the changes you have made




















4-Supports
It is much easy to assign the supports as we have learned in the pervious sections



























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5-Loads
























6-Analysis
























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Analyze>run analysis
























7-Results

For B.M.D






















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For S.F.D



















For N.F.D





























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Deflected shape
























Stress Diagram


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Torsion MX

























MY























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FZ























You can have a report for any data such as reactions and displacements


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Example 7:
It is required to move these concentrated loads over the beams and obtain the straining
actions due to the movement of loads.


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Solution:
Open new project


















Select next





















Select finish

1-Grid





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2-Drawing
3-Sections
















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Assign the section to its elements as follow

4-Supports

It is easy to define the supports as we have learned in the pervious sections


















For the intermediate hinge

















5-Loads








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First Select vehicle
Definitions
Second select Add
Select add
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Assume that the distance between to positions while moving is 0.10m so the no. of
loads to be generated =30m/0.10=300







1
2
Select add then close
1 2
-1/10
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6-Anlysis






























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Analyze>run analysis

















7-Results

For B.M.D


























Use the scroll of the mouse to see the values of moment under the movement of the
load

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You can use the scroll of the mouse to see the values of any straining action under the
movement of loads
For N.F.D

For S.F.D



















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You can make a report for any straining action for example for reactions



Example 8:







Shape of cross section
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Solution:
Open new project



















Select next






















Select finish





Case of plane
structure
Select units
The first element
to be drawn
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1-Grid




















2-Drawing

Why i didn't draw the other members?
1-Select the top chord member then





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Select ok
2-Select the bottom chord and do the same

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3-select the left member then


























The same you can translate the other diagonal members to obtain the desired shape of
the truss.


3-Sections







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Assign the section to its members as follow.
4-Supports



Now we want to release the members from moment follow the steps below.


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Select all members then
Assign to the selected members

5-Loads


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Assign the loads to their nodes as follow.

6-Analysis



























Analyze>run analysis




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7-Results
Deflected shape

N.F.D

You can see the values as follow




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For reactions


You can make a report for axial forces as follow
first display the labels of members as follow.

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You can export that report to word and make the desired formats


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Example 9:



It is required to solve his frame under the following cases of loading




1-Case1
2-Case2
3-Case1+Case2
4-1.1*Case1+1.2*Case2








Solution:



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Open new project




















Select next



















Select finish

1-Grid






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2-Drawing





















3-Sections

It is required to define rectangular section 40*150 cms







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Assign the section to all the frame elements

4-Supports

It is required to define fixed support

5-Loads

It is required to add to cases of loading as follow








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Select case 1
Then assign the uniform load 2t/m' as follow


Select case 2
Then add the uniform load 1t/m' and the concentrated force 3t



Press twice on add
button to add two
cases of loading
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To define the different cases of loading follow these steps


For another combination



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6-Analysis

As we have learned in the pervious sections






















7-Results












All Applied Loads on the frame
Note: Make sure that you have
assigned the loads to their beams
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First select the case of loading then display the straining action you want.
For example display the B.M.D for all cases of loading
For case1























All cases of loading that
was defined
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For case2




















For case1+case2





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For 1.1*case1+1.2*case2




The same for any other straining action you can display its diagram under any case of
loading

And you can make the desired reports for any straining action, and you can export that
report to word file and make the desired formats


















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Example 10:














Solution:
Open new project









Cross section shape
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1-Grid


























The first element to be drawn
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2-Drawing

plane XY First draw the truss in
As we have learned in the pervious sections




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Drawing of bracings















































Final shape of the space truss
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3-sections


Assign the section to all members

It is required to release all members from bending moment as follow





















Assign to all members as follow

4-Loads
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5-Supports

























6-Anlysis
As we have learned in the pervious sections


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7-Results

It is easy to display any data you want such as axial forces, reactions, displacements



Example 11:

























Data:
Thickness of slabs=12cm
Live load=300kg/m
2

Beams are 30*60cms
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Solution:

Open new project




















Select next


























Select finish
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1-Grid

















































Select X-Z view
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2-Drawing

Drawing of beams - A


Drawing of slabs - B














Left click at the four corners of
each slab
Just connect the columns
to draw the beams
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3-Supports

It is very easy to define a hinged support.

4-Sections

For beams


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For slabs

Assign the sections to plan





















In this case we must mesh the slabs to increase the accuracy of the results
As we will see.

Follow my steps.

First select all slabs then right click select generate plate mesh
See the following.
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Select ok














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5-Loads

Live Load=0.30t/m'


















You must add the self weight of beams and slabs











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Assign the live load to all slabs

6-Analysis


























Analyze>run analysis




















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7-Results

Bending moment of beams


Shear of beams

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Bending moment of slabs

For MX

Bending moment in the direction of local x-axis


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For MY
Bending moment into local y direction


To see the values just select the divisions then see the value as follow
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If you have any problem in the program I will be happy if you send me your problem




Engineer: Aboelkasim Diab Ahmed Ali
Aswan Faculty of Engineering, Aswan, Egypt
Civil Engineering Department
E-mail:aboelkasimdb@yahoo.com