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# Solved Examples

Using

BY:

Eng.Aboelkasim Diab Ahmed
Aswan Faculty of Engineering
Civil Department

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Example 1:

Solve the following problem

Solution

Open the program

Rectangular section
40*100cms
Select next
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1-Grid

window
Select finish
Where the total length of the beam is 18 meters into x
direction
The working plane

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2-Drawing

3-Supports

Left click Left click Left click
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4-Sections
Select this button to assign the support to its joints
Left click at the joint to assign the support
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Select assign button make sure that you are selecting the
elements with this property
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Then select close button

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The same select the other element and assign the other uniform load

6-Analysis

Make sure that you are
selecting the element
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Analyze>Run Analysis

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7-Results

Bending Moment Diagram
Mz

Shear Force Diagram
FY

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You can see the graphs with values by selecting beam-Graphs from the side bar

The deflected shape

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2-Example 2:

Solve the following frame

Solution:
Open new project

Select next
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1-Grid
Select finish
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2-Drawing

3-Supports

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For the roller support
Select create button then select enforced but

Assign each support to its joint as follow

Select use cursor to assign
Press assigning button to locate the
support to its joint
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Make sure that you are selecting
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For the concentrated
moment=5 m.t
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To assign each load to its element

5-Sections

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6-Analysis

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Analyze>Run Analysis

Select Done

7-Results

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Shear Diagram
FY

Normal Force Diagram
FX

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Deflected Shape

Reactions

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3-Example 3:

Solution:

Open new project

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1-Grid

Plane structure
Select the units
The first element to be
drawn
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2-Drawing

3-Sections

For beams

The total length in x
direction is 30m
And the total length in y
direction is 10 m
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For columns

section
Select close to exit the window
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To assign each section to its element follow me
First select the element with the same property then

The same you can assign the other section to all beams

After closing the window the defined
sections will be inserted in the
pervious window
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4-Supports

For the
intermediate
hinges
First select the
element

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Select add then assign the intermediate hinge

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6-Analysis

Analyze>Run Analysis
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7-Results

Bending moment diagram
MZ

Shear force diagram
FY

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Normal force diagram
FX

Deformed shape

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Example 4:

25x70cms
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Solution:

Open new project

Select next

Case of plane structure
Select the units
The first element to be
drawn first
Select finish
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1-Grid

2-Drawing

To draw the structure just select snap node/beam button then connect the
different points of the structure
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3-Supports

It is easy to define hinged and fixed supports lets know how to define the inclined
roller support

Assign each support to its joint as follow

We want only the normal force on
that element so release the other
straining actions
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4-Sections

Assign the section to all elements
For the intermediate hinge

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Assign the intermediate as follow

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6-Analysis

Analyze>run analysis

7-Results

For B.M.D

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For S.F.D

For N.F.D

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Deflected shape

To make a report about any data for example to make a report about the reactions at

Select print preview icon

Report setup
icon
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The same you can make a report for any data

Example 5:

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Solution:

Open new project

Select next

Case of plane
structure
The first element to be
drawn is the beam
element
Select finish
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1-Grid

2-Drawing

At x=0 At x=10 At x=18
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3-Sections

Assign the section to its beams
4-Supports

It is easy to assign the hinged and roller support as we learned in the pervious sections
For the hinged support

For the roller support

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For the spring

Assign each support to its joint as follow

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6-Analysis

Analyze>run analysis

7-Results

For B.M.D

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S.F.D

Deflected shape

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Stress diagram

You can see the graphs of each straining action in a separate window as follow
You must be in the post processing mode

You can have a table for the reactions at nodes as follow

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To see that report

You can have a picture of any straining action (follow my steps)

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When you select the first icon a window will be displayed select ok
When you select the second icon

Select the third icon to see the picture as follow

1-First select this
i
2-Select this icon
3-Select this icon
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So you can have a report for any data
Let's export this data to word file

File>export report>ms word file

Then save the file with appropriate name and appropriate location
You can open the file you have exported

Example 6:

30 x 100 cms
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Plan of columns of space frame

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Solution:
Open new project

Select next

Case of space structure
Select the units
The first element to be
drawn
Select finish
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1-Grid

2-Drawing

To draw the other elements you can rotate the vertical and horizontal element about
the other vertical element by 90 degrees as follow

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First select the vertical and horizontal
beams

Select ok

Select this icon
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3-Sections

Assign the section to its beams and columns

You can see the structure into 3D-view as follow

To rotate this column follow my steps

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Select the column and assign the angle to that column as follow

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If you saw the structure into 3d view, you would see the changes you have made

4-Supports
It is much easy to assign the supports as we have learned in the pervious sections

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6-Analysis

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Analyze>run analysis

7-Results

For B.M.D

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For S.F.D

For N.F.D

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Deflected shape

Stress Diagram

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Torsion MX

MY

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FZ

You can have a report for any data such as reactions and displacements

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Example 7:
It is required to move these concentrated loads over the beams and obtain the straining
actions due to the movement of loads.

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Solution:
Open new project

Select next

Select finish

1-Grid

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2-Drawing
3-Sections

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Assign the section to its elements as follow

4-Supports

It is easy to define the supports as we have learned in the pervious sections

For the intermediate hinge

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First Select vehicle
Definitions
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Assume that the distance between to positions while moving is 0.10m so the no. of

1
2
1 2
-1/10
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6-Anlysis

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Analyze>run analysis

7-Results

For B.M.D

Use the scroll of the mouse to see the values of moment under the movement of the

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You can use the scroll of the mouse to see the values of any straining action under the
For N.F.D

For S.F.D

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You can make a report for any straining action for example for reactions

Example 8:

Shape of cross section
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Solution:
Open new project

Select next

Select finish

Case of plane
structure
Select units
The first element
to be drawn
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1-Grid

2-Drawing

Why i didn't draw the other members?
1-Select the top chord member then

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Select ok
2-Select the bottom chord and do the same

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3-select the left member then

The same you can translate the other diagonal members to obtain the desired shape of
the truss.

3-Sections

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Assign the section to its members as follow.
4-Supports

Now we want to release the members from moment follow the steps below.

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Select all members then
Assign to the selected members

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Assign the loads to their nodes as follow.

6-Analysis

Analyze>run analysis

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7-Results
Deflected shape

N.F.D

You can see the values as follow

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For reactions

You can make a report for axial forces as follow
first display the labels of members as follow.

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You can export that report to word and make the desired formats

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Example 9:

It is required to solve his frame under the following cases of loading

1-Case1
2-Case2
3-Case1+Case2
4-1.1*Case1+1.2*Case2

Solution:

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Open new project

Select next

Select finish

1-Grid

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2-Drawing

3-Sections

It is required to define rectangular section 40*150 cms

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Assign the section to all the frame elements

4-Supports

It is required to define fixed support

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Select case 1
Then assign the uniform load 2t/m' as follow

Select case 2

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For another combination

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6-Analysis

As we have learned in the pervious sections

7-Results

All Applied Loads on the frame
Note: Make sure that you have
assigned the loads to their beams
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First select the case of loading then display the straining action you want.
For case1

was defined
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For case2

For case1+case2

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For 1.1*case1+1.2*case2

The same for any other straining action you can display its diagram under any case of

And you can make the desired reports for any straining action, and you can export that
report to word file and make the desired formats

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Example 10:

Solution:
Open new project

Cross section shape
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1-Grid

The first element to be drawn
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2-Drawing

plane XY First draw the truss in
As we have learned in the pervious sections

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Drawing of bracings

Final shape of the space truss
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3-sections

Assign the section to all members

It is required to release all members from bending moment as follow

Assign to all members as follow

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5-Supports

6-Anlysis
As we have learned in the pervious sections

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7-Results

It is easy to display any data you want such as axial forces, reactions, displacements

Example 11:

Data:
Thickness of slabs=12cm
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Beams are 30*60cms
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Solution:

Open new project

Select next

Select finish
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1-Grid

Select X-Z view
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2-Drawing

Drawing of beams - A

Drawing of slabs - B

Left click at the four corners of
each slab
Just connect the columns
to draw the beams
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3-Supports

It is very easy to define a hinged support.

4-Sections

For beams

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For slabs

Assign the sections to plan

In this case we must mesh the slabs to increase the accuracy of the results
As we will see.

First select all slabs then right click select generate plate mesh
See the following.
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Select ok

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You must add the self weight of beams and slabs

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Assign the live load to all slabs

6-Analysis

Analyze>run analysis

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7-Results

Bending moment of beams

Shear of beams

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Bending moment of slabs

For MX

Bending moment in the direction of local x-axis

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For MY
Bending moment into local y direction

To see the values just select the divisions then see the value as follow
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If you have any problem in the program I will be happy if you send me your problem

Engineer: Aboelkasim Diab Ahmed Ali
Aswan Faculty of Engineering, Aswan, Egypt
Civil Engineering Department
E-mail:aboelkasimdb@yahoo.com