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Home Work #6 MSE450 Monday, 3/16/2009

Points: 10

Test #2 is scheduled for Friday 3/20/2009 starting from 8:45am 1. Calculate the dislocation spacing in a tilt boundary (=0.5o) in a copper crystal (Cu: a = 0.36 nm). 2. Consider dislocations blocked by point obstacles with an average spacing of A , in a copper crystal. If the flow stress is controlled by the stress necessary to operate a Frank-Read source, compute the dislocation density () in this crystal when it is deformed to a point where the resolved shear stress in the slip plane is 42 MPa. (G=50 Gpa). 3. The following data are given for an aluminum alloy: G = 70 GPa, = 0.30, b = 0.25 nm and d = 40 m (grain size). a. Find c if the microstructure is 15 vol % precipitates with =0.45 and D=80nm b. Find c if the microstructure is 3 at % solutes with =0.005 c. Find c if the microstructure is 5 vol % dispersoids with D = 35 nm d. Find c if the microstructure is a dislocation network with density = 3 x 1014m-2. 4. 5. 6. 7. e. Find c if the microstructure consists of all the features in a to d above. What is hardening due to forest dislocations and write down the formula for c due to forest dislocations? Solute strengthening could occur due to various factors such as elastic interaction, modulus interactions, stacking-fault interaction (Suzuki locking), short-range order interaction and long-range order interaction. Describe very briefly (in one or two sentences) each of these interactions. a. Describe briefly the precipitation hardening. b. Particle strengthening due to deforming and non-deforming (Orowan bowing) particles. a. What are stretcher strains and how can one avoid or minimize them? b. Describe the Blue Brittleness commonly observed in steels? c. Describe DSA (or Portevin LeChatelier Effect). d. How does DSA differ (a) in steels due to interstitials versus in (b) solid solution alloys due to solute atoms.

8. Consider, in a BCC crystal, 2 dislocations with Burgers vectors 1 [ 1 1 1] and 1 [111] on intersecting

{110} planes (see Figure same as 5-13). a. If these 2 dislocations react to form a third dislocation (#3), find out its Burgers vector. b. What will be the line vector of this product dislocation? c. What will be its glide plane? d. Is this an edge or a screw dislocation? e. Is this a glissile or sessile dislocation (explain why)?

1 (abc)

[hkl] (101)

Do not hand in: a. What are subgrain boundaries and describe how they are formed? b. In a specially designed material, strengthening was achieved by Peierls-Nabarro force, Strain hardening, boundary, solid-solution and hard particles. Write down the total due to all these factors (see handout). c. What is Cottrell locking and describe the interaction between edge dislocations and solutes? d. An FCC crystal is pulled in tension along [100] direction. (a) Determine the Schmid factor for all the 12 slip systems. (b) Identify the slip system(s) that will be activated first. (c) What is the tensile stress at which this crystal will flow plastically given CRSS=50 MPa) e. Read and find the answers to questions (a to z) on the last page of dislocation class-work.