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Home Work #8 MSE450

due: Wed 4/8/2009

Points: 10

Text: 7: 1, 2; 11: 2, 3 (ref. Eq. 11-13), 6; 14: 3 7. a b c a. b. 9. a. b. c. d. Show that the cohesive strength is given by equations 7-5 and 7-8. In a body with a crack length, c, show that the fracture stress is given by Eq. 7-11. Show that the fracture stress for a thin plate is given by Eq. 7-15 according to Griffith model for completely brittle fracture. How are the above equations modified in cases where some plastic deformation occurs (Orowan modifications) - (just write down the equations)? Write down the above equations for fracture stresses using Irwin's strain energy release rate, G. What are the stresses around the crack tip in a thin plate with a crack 'a' under a net section stress, (eq. 11-9), and what are the conditions under which these equations are valid? Write down these equations in terms of the stress intensity factor, K? Explain briefly using a simple schematic of a crack (and crack-tip elastic and plastic zones), the criterion for the validity of LEFM. Derive an approximate expression for the plastic zone size for a material with an yield stress, o, in terms of the applied stress-intensity, K. Briefly point out the plasticity corrections to the process zone size (rp) by Irwin (Eq. 11-21) and Dugdale (Eq. 11-23). One of the methods to characterize fracture behavior of ductile materials is to use CTOD. Describe very briefly (two to three sentences) the CTOD concept and write down the expression (Eq. 11-33) for Gc and KIC in this context. What is the main limitation of COD methodology (see pg. 364)? A better approach than CTOD is to use J-integral method. Briefly describe (less than 10 sentences) using simple sketches (Figs. 11-14 and 11-15) how J be determined. Write down the relationships for J values for a 3-point bend specimen (Eq. 11-40). What is the size limitation for J-value to be valid for a 3-point bend specimen?

8.

10.

a. b.

11.

a. b. c.

12.

A sample of an Al-alloy with an edge crack of length a = 1.5 mm fractures at a tensile stress of f = 364 MPa. E = 200 GPa and s = 4 J/m2 for the alloy. a. b. c. Find KIC. (KIC = f a , f is fracture stress)
K2 E

Find Gc (=R, crack resistance). ( G =

Could this alloy be treated as an ideal brittle material? Explain.

Note : All problems are relatively short while questions 7 to 11 are directly from the text - very brief answers. These are very important whether you choose your careers in metals, polymers, ceramics or semiconductors; these concepts form the basis for product reliability aspects.