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# EMD homework solutions#8 Due 4/7 15-3, 15-8, 15-9, 15-16 15-3 (a) Recalling that external meshes

## are (-), from (15-2)

nout n2 N1 16 = = = = 0.33 nin n1 N2 48 or n2 = 0.33n1 = 0.33(1725 rpm) = 575 rpm so, since (-) implies CCW rotation, nB = n2 = 575 rpm CCW (b) Since B is a compound shaft, n2 = nB = n3 . Again using (15-2), nout n4 n4 N3 16 = = = = = 0.33 nin n3 n2 N4 48 n4 = 0.33n3 = 0.33(575 rpm) = 191.7 rpm and with n3 rotating CCW, (-) implies CW rotation, and nout = nc = n4 = 191.7 rpm CW (c) Since the power into the system is 1-kW, and the eciency of each gear mesh is 98%, the power out is Hout = (0.98)(0.98)(1 kW ) = 0.96 kW = 960 W The power is the product of the angular velocity (in radians/sec) and the torque. We already know the angular velocity of the output shaft, so Hout = 960 N-m/s = out Tout = 191.7 Tout = 47.8 N-m rev min 2rad rev min 60 s Tout

15-8 (a) The input shaft drives both gears 2 and 6. Gear 2 drives gear 3 which drives (is
connected to) the arm 9. Gear 6 drives gear 4, which is connected to gear 5, and gear 5 is eectively the sun gear for this planetary system. So lets rst get the speed of the arm 9 1

and the sun 5. The direction of the input shaft is specied to be CW, so we will take CW as positive. The input speed is in = 2 = 6 = 720 rpm. (Note: I usually use the symbol for angular velocity regardless of the units, while the book likes to use when angular velocity is in rad/s and n when angular velocity is in rev/min or rev/sec.) 3 = 4 N2 21 2 = (720 rpm) = 240 rpm = 9 N3 63 35 N6 = 6 = (720 rpm) = 840 rpm = 5 N4 30

Now, for this planetary gear train involving gears 5, 7, 8, and 10 and arm 9, using (15-4), we have N5 N8 10 9 = 5 9 N7 N10 10 + 240 rpm (39)(24) = 840 rpm + 240 rpm (78)(32) 10 = 15 rpm Note the signs in the above equation. I consistently use (-) to denote CCW, thus, since the resulting angular velocity is negative, this indicates the output shaft rotates CCW. Also note the minus sign on the right hand side of the Eqn. (1). For bevel gears, the rule of a change of sign with every extermal interaction does not hold like for spur gears. If we imagine the arm xed and drive gear 5 CCW, we see that gear 10 will move CW, thus, the direction is reversed, and thus the minus sign on the right hand side of Eqn. (1). (b) If we assume 100% eciency, then |in Tin | = |out Tout | in Tin = |Tout | = out (1)

720 15

## 300 lb-in = 14, 400 in-lb

15-9 For this planetary gear train, the motion can be described by
7 2 N3 N4 N6 N3 N6 = = 3 2 N4 N5 N7 N5 N7 If we choose CW as positive, then we are given 2 = 500 rpm and 3 = 900 rpm. Now, we have all the values to put into the equation above except N7 . We can determine N7 by realizing that the diameters are proportional to the number of teeth on each gear since they 2

all have the same diametral pitch (N/d). Thus, 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 N7 = N3 + N4 + N5 + N6 = (18) + 25 + (39) + (21) = 64 2 2 2 2 2 2 2 N7 = 128 Now we can solve for the speed and direction of the annular gear (7): 7 500 rpm (18)(21) = 900 rpm 500 rpm (39)(128) Thus, 7 = 394 rpm, and since the sign is positive, it is rotating CW.

## 15-16 (a) From (15-15)

p Ng = = 7.50 g Np Ng = 7.50(16) = 120 teeth (b) To convert from diametral pitch Pd = 12 teeth/inch diameter, to circular pitch (inches circumference/tooth) = = 0.2618 in pc = Pd 12 T /in (c) The center-to-center distance is just the sum of the radii or half the sum of the pitch diameters. dp + dg Np + Ng 16T + 120T C= = = = 5.67 in 2 2Pd 2(12 T /in) (d) The base circle radius is just rb = r cos (see Fig. 15.10). So for the pinion and gear: (rb )p = rp cos = (rb )g Np 16T cos = cos 20 = 0.626 in 2Pd (2)(12 T /in) 120T Ng = rg cos = cos 20 = 4.698 in cos = 2Pd (2)(12 T /in)

(e) From Table 15.3, for a 16 tooth pinion the maximum number of gear teeth without having interface is 101. Since for this gear set Ng = 120 > 101 interference would be expected.