0 Up votes0 Down votes

4 views10 pagesOct 08, 2013

© Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

4 views

Attribution Non-Commercial (BY-NC)

- Neuromancer
- Hidden Figures: The American Dream and the Untold Story of the Black Women Mathematicians Who Helped Win the Space Race
- Fault Lines
- Drive: The Surprising Truth About What Motivates Us
- The Path Between the Seas: The Creation of the Panama Canal, 1870-1914
- The Wright Brothers
- The Wright Brothers
- The Lean Startup: How Today's Entrepreneurs Use Continuous Innovation to Create Radically Successful Businesses
- A Jazzi Zanders Mystery
- Good to Great: Why Some Companies Make the Leap...And Others Don't
- The 6th Extinction
- The Great Bridge: The Epic Story of the Building of the Brooklyn Bridge
- The Power of Discipline: 7 Ways it Can Change Your Life
- The Right Stuff
- Zero to One: Notes on Start-ups, or How to Build the Future
- A Short History of Nearly Everything
- Hit Refresh: The Quest to Rediscover Microsoft's Soul and Imagine a Better Future for Everyone
- Made to Stick: Why Some Ideas Survive and Others Die
- The Innovators: How a Group of Hackers, Geniuses, and Geeks Created the Digital Revolution

You are on page 1of 10

Please show your work and intermediate steps clearly so that you may get partial credit even if the final answer is wrong. Write your answers in the space(s) below the questions and use the back side(s) if additional space is needed. Relevant equations and information are on the last page - tear it for convenience 1. True or false questions / Mark (X) the correct answer (1 point each) ----------------------------- [15] a. Fracture toughness (KIC) decreases with increase in specimen thickness until plane strain critical fracture toughness is reached. ------------------------- True b. Goodman diagram is commonly used to characterize creep failure. ------------ True or false or false

c. A screw dislocation glides perpendicular to itself. --------------------------------- True or false d. Lomer-Cottrell reaction in fcc metals results in a sessile dislocation. ----------- True e. Fatigue life may be increased by compressive surface residual stresses. ------- True f. Larson-Miller parameter can be used for low cycle fatigue life prediction. ---- True

a

g. Frank partials in fcc with b=3 <111> are sessile dislocations.--------------------- True or false h. In general, appropriate alloying decreases the stacking fault energy and thus dislocations can cross-slip easily. ----------------------------------------------- True or false i. A prismatic loop has Burger's vector perpendicular to the plane of the loop and thus cannot glide in that plane under an applied shear stress. --------------- True j. or false

k. KIc is a valid fracture toughness parameter for ductile materials where process zone is larger than K-zone. --------------------------------------------------- True or false l. An edge dislocation may change its glide plane by cross-slip. -------------------- True or false

m. Superplastic materials have high strain-rate sensitivity. ---------------------------- True or false n. Kinks and jogs on dislocations make the crystal softer. --------------------------- True or false o. Some jogs on screw dislocations have screw character ---------------------------- True or false

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 2/9+1

2. In a laboratory creep experiment at 1200 oC, a steady-state creep-rate of 0.2% per hour is obtained and the specimen failed at 1500 hours. The creep mechanism for this alloy is known to be dislocation climb with an activation energy of 25 kCal/mol. The service temperature of the alloy is 600 C. a. Evaluate the creep-rate at the service conditions. ------------------------------------------------------------[3]

3.a. Draw the S-N curves for austenitic stainless and ferritic steels showing the salient differences between them. -------------------[2]

b.

On figure below, show the effect of coldwork on S-N curve for austenitic stainless steel. -----------------------------------------------[1]

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 3/9+1

c. A steel with an yield strength (Sy) of 30,000 psi, tensile strength (Su) of 50,000 psi and true fracture strain of 0.3 is to be used under cyclic loading at a constant strain-range. Evaluate the limit on the total cyclic strain range if the steel is to withstand 4.9x105 cycles; E=30x106 psi. -----[3]

4. a. A tensile stress of 300 MPa acts on a sheet sample of an Al alloy (fcc : E = 200 GPa; o = 350 MPa; GIc = 8 kJ/m2) with a central crak of length 5 mm. Is the sample going to fail in a britlle manner (assume Y = 1) ? -----------------------------------------[3]

b. Evaluate the plastic zone size (rp) in mm for the case in #a ? ------------------------------------------- [3]

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 4/9+1

5. The following data were obtained for an aluminum alloy: TM= 660.4 C QD (lattice diffusion) = 34,500 Cal/mole Qb (boundary diffusion) = 19,750 Cal/mole Qs (solute diffusion) = 36,000 Cal/mole d = grain-size. d, m 100 100 100 50 , MPa 150 150 300 300 T, K 900 780 900 900 s, s-1 3.32 x 10-7 1.70 x 10-8 6.64 x 10-7 2.56 x10-6

a. Using these data, evaluate the parameters n and Q in the power-law creep equation. ------------ [3+4]

b.

Identify the underlying creep mechanism {Nabarro-Herring, Coble, Harper-Dorn, Dislocation Climb (pure metals and class-M alloys), glide (class-A alloys) or GBS}. ------------------------------[3]

c.

In another case, same n and Qc values were obtained for a bulk single crystalline aluminum alloy. What would be the underlying creep mechanism in this case? -------------------------------------------[1]

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 5/9+1

6. A mild steel plate contains an initial through thickness edge crack of 0.5 mm and was subjected to uniaxial fatigue loading : max = 180 MPa and R = 0. If the material follows the Paris crackgrowth relation,

da dN

a. Derive the expression for the number of cycles to failure? ---------------------------------------------[2] b. Evaluate the number of cycles required to break the plate (assume Y = 1)? -------------------------[3]

7.

Calculate the hardening (c) in a nickel alloy {fcc, G = 110 GPa, a = 3.6 } with 3 at % solutes 9 -2 (c = 0.005) and a dislocation density of 2x10 cm with =1. ----------------------------------------[6]

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 6/9+1

8. Refer to figure below in an fcc metal, and consider the 2 edge dislocations, a a [ 1 10] on (111) plane and [101] on ( 1 11) plane. The two dislocations (#s 1 and 2) glide on 2 2 the two planes to interact with each other to become one dislocation (b3) : b1 + b2 b3 a. Write down the reaction and show that the above reaction is energetically favorable (i.e., follows Franks rule). ---------------------------------------------[1+2]

c. Find the glide plane of the dislocation #3, and is this a sessile or glissile dislocation?---------[2+1]

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 7/9+1

(fcc, G = 110 GPa, a = 2.828 ). A screw dislocation with Burgers vector along [1 1 0] lies in the (111) plane. a. What is the magnitude (in cm) of the Burgers vector of the screw dislocation? --------------------[3]

b.

c.

1 4 0 d. Evaluate the force acting on the dislocation due to ij = 4 5 0 , and comment on how 0 0 0 the dislocation may move due to the force? -------------------------------------------------------------[4]

MSE 450

page 8/9+1

e.

4 0 5 0 ? -----------------[3] 0 0

4 0 5 0 ? ---------------------[3] 0 0

and comment on how may the g. What is the force on the screw dislocation due to ij dislocation move under this force? ------------------------------------------------------------------------[4]

hydro

h. Evaluate the force on the screw dislocation due to the deviatoric part ( dev ij ) of the stress tensor, and comment on how may the dislocation move under this force? -------------------------[4]

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 9/9+1

10. A 10 mm diameter tensile specimen has a 50 mm gage length. The load corresponding to the 0.2% offset is 68 kN and the maximum load is 84 kN. Fracture occurred at 73 kN. The diameter after fracture is 6 mm and the gage length at fracture is 65 mm. The diameter away from the fracture was 9 mm. The material followed the standard work-hardening law (=Kn). Calculate the following parameters: (1.5 points each) ------------------------------------------------------[6] (a) UTS (MPa) (c) Reduction in Area (%)

2 1 0 11. The principal stresses, 1, 2 and 3, for the stress state ij (MPa) = 1 0 0 are found to 0 0 5 be : 1= 5, 2= 2.414, 3= 0.414 MPa. The uniaxial yield stress is 5.5 MPa. a. Does Tresca criterion predict yielding? [2] b. Does von-Mises criterion predict yielding? [3]

end

MSE 450

Spring 2004

page 10/9+1

Relevant Equations

E G= 2(1 + ) E K= 3(1 2)

= K n P-N =

2 Uel = 2E

f J=Kn+1

n+1

3

D

F = G x t = ( . b) x t h= Gb 8(1-)xy L=

2G 2w exp(- b ) = Gb2, 0.5 1 1- Gb2 Gb a Eel (edge) = 2 R= 6 <112> , 8 (1-)r2 1 b2 D2 v =( )m =L2 c = 2 fv = 2 L L o = o+ ky d f = 2Gb = L 2Es a n=bxt

<111>

=b v

nGb xy

K = Y a

KIC= 2 E s

K |crack-tip= f() 2r

Y=

1 K2 w a tan rp = 2 2 a w o

GIc = oc

K2 J=G= E

2A J = Bb

= 2 f (2N)c = t e-Q/RT L D =b v D

D Coble=ACoble

D = A n e-Q/RT

D glide =AglideDs3

Dgb d3

D GBS =AGBS

Dgb 2 d2

D climb = Aclimb DL 5

R = 1.987 Cal/mole-K

k=13.8x10-24J/K=8.31J/mole-K

NA =6.02x1023

1 ij = 4 0 4 0 5 0 acts on (111) plane of a Ni crystal (fcc, G = 110 GPa, a = 2.828 ). 0 0

A screw dislocation with Burgers vector along [1 1 0] lies in the (111) plane. --------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------Stress Fields Around Dislocations ) ) i; t=k Edge Dislocation ( b = b Screw Dislocation ( b = bk ; t=k Gb 3x2+y2 Gb y Gb sin = y xz = zx = = xx (x2 + y2)2 2(1) 2 x2 + y2 2 r Gb x2 - y2 Gb x Gb cos = y yy yz = zy = = (x2 + y2)2 2(1) 2 x2 + y2 2 r Gb x2 - y2 x (x2 + y2)2 xy = yx = 2(1) zz = (xx + yy)

- htr lifeUploaded byriza9847
- DefectsUploaded byJasvir Singh
- CHME 361 Mid-Term SolutionsUploaded byJonathan Moreno
- tmpBA2C.tmpUploaded byFrontiers
- WOCKE-AUC2008Uploaded byklomps_jr
- Project Finitos Achivo1Uploaded byGabrielaAlatrista
- DS60 - (1982) Compilation of Stress-Relaxation Data for Engineering Alloys.pdfUploaded byJacques Strappe
- Physical Metallurgy of Thermomechanical Treatment of Structural SteelsUploaded byrobertcollier4
- Aspects of Simulating the Dynamic Compaction of a Granular CeramicUploaded byGeoffrey Armstrong
- Earth Quake Resistant Design Codal_ProvisionsIS 1893Uploaded bySudharsananPRS
- PE-100-and-PP-Material-Properties-Sheet.pdfUploaded byQuisperolando
- 40-Copper Sheet and StripUploaded byAli Hussein
- Deterioration of FRP-concrete Bond System under Var Moisture Cond Quantified by Fract Mech (2011) - Paper (10).pdfUploaded byJulio Humberto Díaz Rondán
- Microstructure, mechanical properties, and deformation behavior 2.pdfUploaded byeid elsayed
- Fatigue FractureUploaded byamalendu_biswas_1
- Acuro-Genesis Final Report Cambridge Pilot Flexural Modulus Failure (SIPP)Uploaded bydmpipe
- Challenges of Development of Rra Technology for Application on Raaf Hercules Fleet (Wp116)Uploaded byelmarda
- HILLIERUploaded byapi-3733260
- khan2012 part1Uploaded byAshwin Kulkarni
- mix referUploaded bySANGEETHA S
- Gao 2000Uploaded byamd mhm
- Bauschinger Effect in Thin Metal FilmsUploaded byArun Kumar
- MATHEMATICAL MODEL FOR PREDICTING ANISOTROPIC EFFECTS IN PLASTICITY.pdfUploaded byGeoffrey Armstrong
- Automotive Engines Components DesignUploaded bySapari Vel
- Sintap British Steel Bs-17Uploaded byPaul Ruck
- Understanding Temper DesignationUploaded byJeff Yau
- 15KriteriaLelehUploaded byzacoeb_a1669
- Characterizing Steel Tube for Hydroforming ApplicationsUploaded byhuachuliu
- Journal FatigueUploaded byEliana Emizas
- 1-1-4Uploaded byHusseinali Hussein

- 64 Interview QuestionsUploaded byshivakumar N
- 5000 TOEFL Words.pdfUploaded byPrudhveeraj Chegu
- English Grammar for BeginnersUploaded byferdinandgirl818
- English Grammar Fast[Www.patoghu.com]Uploaded byazizieh5701
- AWS - CWI Model Question Foundamental - Part 2Uploaded bydhasdj
- Welding -- Design Procedures and Inspections-bUploaded bytuatk
- Grammar, Punctualization and CapitalizationUploaded byFernando Ornelas
- English GrammarUploaded byEnayatullah Bahramand
- 1100 Just WordsUploaded byazizieh5701
- mgpg11- A Beginner's Guide to Uncertainty of Measurement by Stephanie BellUploaded byarylananyla
- Measurements Errors KimUploaded byazizieh5701
- Practice Test Aws API 1104-2001Uploaded byMichael J Chandik
- Solved Paper on Section IxUploaded byNasir Javed
- 6. Welding Symbols & Weld PreparationsUploaded byAmirtha Thiyagaraajan Alagesan
- 241186019 API 1104 Defects Acceptance Criteria FinalUploaded byazizieh5701
- utp5producttech-090311180712-phpapp01Uploaded bydhasdj
- 1 Duties and Responsibilities Section 1Uploaded byazizieh5701
- AWS CWI Reexam Application PackageUploaded byazizieh5701
- 190499200 CWI Exam Appl EgyptUploaded byazizieh5701
- AWS Cwi Exercise Questions Part 2Uploaded byEinsteinw2
- body_knowledgeUploaded bychubbymale33326
- 6 Material InspectionUploaded byazizieh5701
- irpUploaded byrsdoost1345
- Welding Table; WPS & PQR Check List (Sheet, 2 Pages)Uploaded byabomanar1004863
- 20 Arc Welding SafetyUploaded byazizieh5701
- 7 Codes and StandardsUploaded byazizieh5701
- SmawUploaded byBrijraj Pandey
- Welding Types and Positions and DefectsUploaded bysam_antony2005
- Shielded Metal WelderUploaded byMphilipT

- Separator DesignUploaded byDela Quarme
- STeelCON PresentationUploaded byIvan Klyuchka
- elems09Uploaded byReynald de Vera
- A Study on Mechanical Properties of Self-Compacting Concrete by Partial Replacing Cement with Pozzolanic Materials Fly Ash, Silica Fume and Lime SludgeUploaded byIJIRST
- Deep subsea applications.pdfUploaded byRolando Nuñez Monrroy
- Civil_Reinforced Concrete StructuresUploaded byPreetha Sreekumar
- Strength of MaterialsUploaded bysatish448
- EuroCode_4Uploaded byMohamed Tahar Allagui
- Predicting Axial Shortening of Vertical Elements in High Rise Buildings by Using Pca MethodUploaded byOscar Zúñiga Cuevas
- Ramset Specifiers Anchoring Resource Book ANZ - SpaTec Plus Cracked ConcreteUploaded byKesavan Dhurai
- Sr059210303 Mechanics of SolidsUploaded byandhracolleges
- Flexible and Rigid PavementsUploaded byShakeel Ayjaz
- DuctiIlityUploaded bycharichang
- H.-J. Ernst, T. Wolf and W. F. Unckenbold- Protective Power of Thick Composite Layers Against Medium-Caliber Long-Rod PenetratorsUploaded byMermacz
- book1.xlsxUploaded byRanjan Kumar Singh
- Guidance on the Seismic Design of Retaining WallsUploaded byiamcerbzjr
- Bridge Design 4 - Design of Superstructures.pdfUploaded bybambangtirtas_984017
- Teknisk Datablad - Weicon-CeramicUploaded byKJ Supply
- 1961_08_10Uploaded byUroš Roštan
- RR23789-City of Los Angeles ReportUploaded bychris lu
- SparStrength.xlsUploaded byburhanuddin bhavnagarwala
- Lecture08 stone columns.pdfUploaded byvijjikewlguy7116
- DME Brochure FullUploaded byveljal6317
- CVN AWS D1.1Uploaded byneil
- Data for 2nd PPTUploaded bysupreet
- f 606m – 01 _rjywnk0tukveUploaded byHani Yilmaz
- 224. Kei-st-111-t Frp Grating and HandrailsUploaded bygeorge
- Stud Bolt Specification 2Uploaded bysantoshblonkar
- CODAL Provisions of Cold Formed Steel Angle Sections under Tension MembersUploaded byIJRASETPublications
- Tension Tests Using Steel and Aluminum Lab ReportUploaded byJuan Villa

## Much more than documents.

Discover everything Scribd has to offer, including books and audiobooks from major publishers.

Cancel anytime.