UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide

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Use

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd

Document name UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide RAN Maintenance Dept.

Confidentiality level For Internal Use Only Total 46 Pages

UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide

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RAN Maintenance Dept.

Date Date Date Date

Aug. 10, 2005

Huawei Technologies Co., Ltd.
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UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide

For Internal Only

Use

Revision Edition
Date Aug. 10, 2005 Version Description The first version is complete. Author Wang Wei

UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide

For Internal Use Only

Table of Contents
1. OVERVIEW..........................................................................................................................................5 1.1 INTENDED AUDIENCE.......................................................................................................................5 1.2 OBJECTIVES......................................................................................................................................5 2. INTRODUCTION TO NASTAR..........................................................................................................6 3. UTRAN KPI ANALYSIS.....................................................................................................................6 3.1 NASTAR TASKS................................................................................................................................6 4. UTRAN KPI ANALYSIS.....................................................................................................................8 4.1 CALL COMPLETION RATE................................................................................................................8 4.1.1 RRC Setup Analysis.....................................................................................................................8 4.1.2 RAB Setup Analysis...................................................................................................................12 4.2 SOFT HANDOVER ANALYSIS..........................................................................................................19 4.2.1 Overview.....................................................................................................................................20 4.2.2 Cell SHO Prepare Failure Analysis............................................................................................22 4.2.3 Cell SHO Failure Analysis.........................................................................................................23 4.3 CS INTER-RAT HANDOVER ANALYSIS.........................................................................................25 4.3.1 Overview.....................................................................................................................................26 4.3.2 CS Inter-RAT Handover Prepare Failure Analysis....................................................................27 4.3.3 CS Inter-RAT Handover Failure Analysis..................................................................................29 4.3.4 Cell Inter-RAT Handover Analysis............................................................................................31 4.4 PS INTER-RAT HANDOVER ANALYSIS..........................................................................................31 4.4.1 Overview.....................................................................................................................................31 4.4.2 PS Inter-RAT Handover Failure Analysis..................................................................................32 4.4.3 Cell Inter-RAT Handover Analysis............................................................................................34 4.5 CELL UPDATE ANALYSIS...............................................................................................................34 4.5.1 Overview.....................................................................................................................................34 4.5.2 Cell Update Failure Analysis......................................................................................................36 4.6 CALL DROP ANALYSIS...................................................................................................................36 4.6.1 Overview.....................................................................................................................................36 4.6.2 CS Call Drop Analysis................................................................................................................37 4.6.3 PS Call Drop Analysis................................................................................................................39 4.6.4 Cell Call Drop Analysis..............................................................................................................40 4.7 TRAFFIC LOAD ANALYSIS..............................................................................................................42 4.7.1 Overview.....................................................................................................................................42 4.7.2 Cell Traffic Analysis...................................................................................................................44 5. ANALYZING COMPLICATED PROBLEMS..................................................................................46 5.1 NARROWING DOWN AREA RANGE AND TIME RANGE...................................................................46 5.2 ANALYZING ABNORMAL LOGS......................................................................................................46 5.3 ANALYZING REPEATED PROBLEMS................................................................................................46

Aug. 10, 2005

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UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide

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KPI analysis can be used to monitor network operation directly and conveniently. algorithm management. 10. and alarms.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide 1. For more information. This guide introduces how to use Nastar to analyze UTRAN KPI. UTRAN KPI analysis is also served to track the network traffic. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 5 of 46 . and find out Aug. 1. UTRAN KPI analysis is a major method for RAN maintenance engineers and network optimization engineers to evaluate network performance. analyze abnormal indices. Comparing with drive tests. refer to GENEX Nastar V400R001C01 User Manual. intended for network maintenance engineers and site audit engineers.2 Objectives This guide aims to provide guidance for network maintenance personnel to monitor network KPI on a timely basis. tracked messages. call detail logs. abnormal indices.1 Intended Audience This guide. Huawei UTRAN traffic statistics provides sufficient KPI for network operation. These traffic statistics can be used to locate network problems and optimize network KPI. which supports the KPI analysis of RNC V100R002C03B092 and RNC V100R002C03B151. To better locate network problems and optimize network KPI. the QoS and network operation are reflected through KPI. UTRAN KPI analysis is a major method used for monitoring and evaluating network operation. 1. Overview In a commercial network. monitor the resource distribution. and drive tests can be used together. Huawei provides a traffic statistics analysis tool Nastar for UTRAN KPI analysis. and facilitate the network expansion and optimization. and resource distribution. Nastar can be used to obtain and analyze UTRAN KPI. introduces Nastar V400R001. call detail logs.

3. UTRAN KPI Analysis The QoS of communication network is defined in ITU-T E. Introduction to Nastar Nastar provides such functions as index defining. 10. query defining.800. Network performance Call completion rate Call drop rate KPI RRC Setup Success Rate RAB Setup Success Rate Voice Call Drop Rate VP Call Drop Rate PS Call Drop Rate Mobility management Soft Handover Success Rate Inter-Frequency HO Success Rate Intra-Frequency HO Success Rate CS Inter-RAT HO Success Rate PS Inter-RAT HO Success Rate Cell Update Success Rate Traffic Equivalent User Cell Throughput Cell Resource Allocation Table 1-1 WCDMA RAN KPI 3. 2. Aug. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 6 of 46 . Considering the features of wireless communication network.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only practical solutions. refer to GENEX Nastar V400R001C01 User Manual. as shown in Table 1-1.1 Nastar Tasks Figure 1-1 shows a list of Nastar tasks. For more information. the following KPI must be considered for WCDMA RAN. and report generating.

31%(2016/2030) 99.85% 100. Perf Daily Report is used to monitor network performance.5%) PS Service Drop Rate(< 30%) RN C: 1 17.00%(990/1000) 100. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 7 of 46 . as shown in Table 1-2.00%(4/4) 66.75%(17090/17132) 99.01%(30/997) Aug. An object can be a self-defined clutter or RNC.67%(4/6) 1.64%(2468/2502) 96.92%(19/990) 10.00%(29/29) 99.60%(997/1001) 99. RNC Name Traffic CS User Based on Equivalent User PS User Based on Equivalent User RRC Connection Setup Success Rate(service)(> 95%) RRC Connection Setup Success Rate(other)(> 95%) Access AMR RAB Assignment Success Rate(> 95%) Video Call RAB Assignment Success Rate(> 95%) PS RAB Assignment Success Rate(> 95%) RB Setup Success Rate(> 95%) Soft Handover Success Rate(> 98%) Softer Handover Success Rate(> 98%) HO Soft Handover Factor based on Radio Link Number(< 40%) Inter-Freq Hard Handover Success Rate(> 85%) CS Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate( from UTRAN to GSM)(> 85%) PS Inter-RAT Handover Success Rate( from UTRAN to GSM)(> 85%) CS AMR Call Drop Rate(< 1.00%(16/16) 100.5%) CDR Video Call Drop Rate(< 1.66%(3509/3521) 18. By default. 10. Perf Daily Report includes the following KPI.13(16:00 ~ 17:00) 54.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only Figure 1-1 Nastar tasks Perf Daily Report and Perf Weekly Report can be generated in .09(12:00 ~ 13:00) 98.xls file by Nastar.34%(3/29) 3.87%(36445/37624) 99.

69 % 0. Most RRC setup failures result from RRC Setup Fail No Response while few RRC setup failures (seven times) result from RRC Setup Reject.961 RRC_SETUP_SUCC 7 RRC_REJ 2.3%.01 % Figure 1-3 RRC Setup Aug. as shown in Figure 1-1.3 % 2. UTRAN KPI Analysis 4. 78.1. Overview RRC Setup Analysis is included in Nastar. 10.1 Call Completion Rate This section consists of the following parts:   RRC Setup Analysis RAB Setup Analysis 4.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only Table 1-2 Perf Daily Report If network performance cannot meet the previous KPI or the KPI is changed.186 RRC_SETUP_FAIL_NO_RSP 97. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 8 of 46 .1 RRC Setup Analysis 1. 4. refer to Section 4 UTRAN KPI Analysis. RRC setup success rate is 97. Double click RRC Setup Analysis to display the RRC setup details. as shown in Figure 1-3.

are covered poorly.27 % Figure 1-4 RRC setup scenario (pie chart) Use Scenario Analysis to analyze RRC setup scenarios. Aug.387 9. The networks.55 % 20. subscribers attempt to register for many times. In particular. 2.  A certain area has too many subscribers or any equipment in this area is faulty.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only There are two reasons for RRC Setup Fail No Response:  Downlink FACH and RACH are covered unevenly. inter-system reselection areas are covered poorly. RRC Setup Scenario Analysis One of the reasons for RRC Setup Fail No Response is poor coverage. inter-system reselection may occur. 10.451 5. so RRC setup reasons and RRC setup success rate can be used for further analysis. as shown in Figure 1-5. built during the early period. 6.21 % RRC_REQ_ORG RRC_REQ_TERM RRC_REQ_CELL_RESEL RRC_REQ_REG 63.  RRC REQ REG If network coverage is poor. Most RRC setup requests are caused by:  RRC REQ CELL RESEL If network coverage is poor.385 16.639 51.97 % 7. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 9 of 46 . Start Scenario Analysis to display a pie or bar chart for presenting RNC indices.

Aug. On Huawei networks.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 0.97 0. RRC setup reject occurs in a small-scale network. The queried results are outputted in three pages: (1) The top ten cells that have the highest RRC setup reject times. Low RRC SETUP SUCC RATE REG indicates that many registrations are attempted within the area (Ec/Io falls between -14 dB and -18 dB).98 Bar Value 0.965 g b c d e f g g g RNC:41(ID:41)-RRC_SETUP_SUCC_RATE_ORG RNC:41(ID:41)-RRC_SETUP_SUCC_RATE_TERM RNC:41(ID:41)-RRC_SETUP_SUCC_RATE_INTERRAT_CELL_RESEL RNC:41(ID:41)-RRC_SETUP_SUCC_RATE_REG Figure 1-5 RRC setup scenario (bar chart) Figure 1-5 shows RRC setup success rates. start Cell RRC Analysis to query the TOPN. only the areas of RRC setup reject must be analyzed. Therefore. 10. RRC SETUP SUCC RATE ORG is very high while RRC SETUP SUCC RATE REG is very low.96 0. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 10 of 46 . however.99 0.955 0. In RRC Setup Analysis.95 0. RRC Setup Reject Analysis RRC setup reject are caused by:   Admission reject due to crowded subscribers Access failure due to equipment faults RRC setup reject may occur no matter how poor network coverage is. which has poor coverage. High RRC SETUP SUCC RATE ORG (99%) indicates that the network is covered by PCH and RRC SETUP SUCC RATE can be high in a well-covered network.945 0 Time 0. resident threshold Ec/Io is greater than -18 dB while inter-system reselection start threshold Ec/Io is less than -14 dB.985 0.975 0. 3.

10. If power congestion is confirmed. and check whether the network capacity is insufficient. RRC setup reject may be caused by the following reasons: (1) Power Congestion RRM performs the admission algorithm decision but uplink or downlink admission decision is rejected. start Cell Traffic Load Analysis to check whether uplink or downlink is congested by focusing on the maximum RTWP and the maximum TCP. power congestion may occur. For the top ten cells that have the maximum RRC setup rejects.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only (2) The top ten cells that have the highest RRC setup success rates. start Cell Scenario Analysis for further analysis. If network load is heavy. (2) CE Congestion Aug. two RRC setup rejects are caused by Power Congestion. In this figure. check whether the threshold is reasonable. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 11 of 46 . start Cell RRC Reject Analysis for further analysis. For the top ten cells that have the maximum RRC setup fail rates. so RRC setup reject occurs. (3) The top ten cells that have the highest RRC setup failure rates. To locate the problem. check whether there is any interference. 2 0 0 0 0 0 0 100 % 0% 0% RRC_REJ_POWER_CONG_CELL RRC_REJ_CE_CONG_CELL RRC_REJ_RL_FAIL_CELL RRC_REJ_AAL2_FAIL_CELL RRC_REJ_FP_FAIL_CELL RRC_REJ_CODE_CONG_CELL RRC_REJ_OTHER_CELL Figure 1-6 RRC setup reject analysis Figure 1-6 shows the results of Cell RRC Reject Analysis.

(3) RL Fail During the RRC setup process. Analyze the data and logs of the boards or CEs in NodeB to check whether NodeB fails or NodeB resource is insufficient. 4. To locate the problem. code resource may be insufficient.2 RAB Setup Analysis 1. start Cell Traffic Load Analysis to check the DCH user number and the bandwidth of AAL2 path. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 12 of 46 . 10. analyze call detail logs. Overview Aug. (4) AAL2 Fail If transmission resource is insufficient or any transmission equipment is faulty. (6) Code Congestion If there is high traffic in the indoor micro cell. (7) Other If there is any problem in RNC. To locate the problem. RRC setup reject may occur. To locate the problem. To locate the problem start Cell Traffic Load Analysis to check the DCH user number.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only If there are many subscribers. start Cell OVSF Code Allocation Analysis to analyze the code allocation and confirm major services. FP synchronization may fail. To locate the problem. To locate the problem. the AAL2 path setup of lub interface may fail. (5) FP Fail If the transmission fails or an equipment is faulty. Check whether transmission resource is insufficient or any transmission equipment is faulty. check whether there is any BTS alarm. CE resources may become insufficient in RNC. NodeB recognizes RRC setup fail because NodeB fails or NodeB resource is insufficient.1. start Cell Traffic Load Analysis to check the DCH user number and forecast the required CE quantity in accordance with the traffic model.

128 K (PS).UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only Figure 1-7 Nastar tasks Figure 1-7 shows a list of Nastar tasks.370 CS_RAB_REQ_SETUP_CONV_0_32 101 CS_RAB_REQ_SETUP_CONV_32_64 5 PS_RAB_REQ_SETUP_64K 5 PS_RAB_REQ_SETUP_128K 749 PS_RAB_REQ_SETUP_384K 23.15 % 0. and 384 K Aug. 10. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 13 of 46 . CS_RAB_REQ_SETUP_CONV_32_64 (VP).19 % 3. 73. 64 K (PS).15 % Figure 1-8 RAB setup analysis Check such RAB setup rates as CS_RAB_REQ_SETUP_CONV_0_32 (AMR).37 % 2. Double click RAB Setup Analysis to display RAB setup details. RAB Setup Analysis is included in Nastar. as shown in Figure 1-8.13 % 0.

9 0. The queried results are outputted in four pages: (1) (2) (3) (4) The top ten cells that have the highest CS RAB setup failures. The top ten cells that have the lowest CS RAB setup failures. Low RAB setup success rate may occur in the cells that have lowest setup times.5 0.1 1 0.2 0.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only (PS) to confirm major services in the network. To locate the problem.6 0. start Cell CS RAB Setup Fail Analysis to display the CS RAB setup fail rates. as shown in Figure 1-9.3 0. RAB Setup Fail Analysis In RAB Setup Analysis. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 14 of 46 . Aug. 10. The top ten cells that have the highest PS RAB setup failures.4 0. Click Produce a Bar Chart to display the RB and RAB setup success rates. If CS RAB setup fail rate is high in a cell. 1.7 0. start Cell RAB Analysis to query the TOPN. as shown in Figure 1-10.1 0 0 Time g g g RNC:1(ID:1)-RB_SETUP_SUCC_RATE g g RNC:1(ID:1)-PS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_RATE_128K g RNC:1(ID:1)-CS_RAB_ SETUP_SUCC_RATE_VP RNC:1(ID:1)-CS_RAB_ SETUP_SUCC_RATE_AMR RNC:1(ID:1)-PS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_RATE_64K RNC:1(ID:1)-PS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_RATE_384K Figure 1-9 RB and RAB setup success rates 2. focus on the cells that have the lowest setup failures because the KPI is affected mostly by these cells.8 Bar Value 0. The top ten cells that have the lowest PS RAB setup failures.

RNC receives the RAB setup request messages but RNC does not process the request. track the signaling and check the RAB setup messages in specific cells. so this reason seldom occurs.05 % 0 % % 0. this situation is always avoided. To locate the problem. To locate the problem. (4) CONG_CELL This may be caused by RNC resource allocation failure.63 0 % 0 % 0.571 CS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_CONV_CELL 0 CS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_STR_CELL 0 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_PARAM_CELL 0 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_RELOC_CELL 10 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_TNL_CELL 0 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_CONG_CELL 0 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_POWER_CONG_CELL 0 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_CE_CONG_CELL 0 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_CODE_CONG_CELL 5 CS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_OTHER_CELL Figure 1-10 Cell CS RAB setup fail analysis Cell CS RAB setup failures may be caused by the following reasons: (1) PARAM_CELL RNC regards the parameters transmitted by core network as invalid parameters. analyze the RNC logs and obtain the detailed resource failure information. This reason seldom occurs. In a core network. check the transmission capacity and operation stability. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 15 of 46 .32 0 % % 0% 1. (5) POWER_CONG_CELL Aug.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 99. 10. (2) RELOC_CELL When initializing the migration process. (3) TNL_CELL RAB setup fails because IU transmission setup fails. This reason is mainly caused by the process integration related to subscriber action sequence. To locate the problem.

(6) CE_CONG_CELL CE resource admission fails in RNC. CE must be expanded. 84. If yes. new RAN cannot be set up because cell load is too heavy. check whether the parameters of admission algorithm are reasonable. To locate the problem.82 0% 0% 0 0 37 0 0 0 0 3 0 0 4 PS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_CONV_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_STR_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_INTER_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_SUCC_BKG_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_PARAM_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_RELOC_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_CONG_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_POWER_CONG_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_CE_CONG_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_CODE_CONG_CELL PS_RAB_SETUP_FAIL_OTHER_CELL Figure 1-11 Cell PS RAB setup fail analysis Cell CS RAB setup failure may be caused by the following reasons: (1) PARAM_CELL RNC regards the parameters transmitted by core network as invalid Aug.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only According to RRM admission decision. (7) CODE_CONG_CELL During the RAB setup process. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 16 of 46 . analyze RB setup success rates. (8) OTHER_CELL This may caused by RB setup failure or other reasons. analyze the code resource of cell traffic to check whether code resource is restricted due to cell overload. To locate the problem. To locate the problem. If PS RAB setup fail rate is high.09 % 0% 0% 9. code resource allocation fails because too many subscribers are crowded on the network or code resource allocation fails. as shown in Figure 1-11. 10. consider to optimize the coverage and expand the capacity.09 % 0% 0% % 6. start Cell PS RAB Setup Fail Analysis to display the PS RAB setup fail rates.

This reason seldom occurs. (6) CE_CONG_CELL CE resource admission fails in RNC. (3) TNL_CELL RAB setup fails because IU transmission setup fails.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only parameters. To locate the problem. new RAN cannot be set up because cell load is too heavy. To locate the problem. In a core network. analyze the RNC logs and obtain the detailed resource failure information. RNC receives the RAB setup request messages but RNC does not process the request. track the signaling and check the RAB setup messages in specific cells. check the transmission capacity and operation stability. analyze the code resource of cell traffic to check whether code resource is restricted due to cell overload. If yes. consider to optimize the coverage and expand the capacity. 10. This reason is mainly caused by the process integration related to subscriber action sequence. To locate the problem. (4) CONG_CELL This may be caused by RNC resource allocation failure. CE must be expanded. (7) CODE_CONG_CELL During the RAB setup process. To locate the problem. check whether the parameters of admission algorithm are reasonable. To locate the problem. (5) POWER_CONG_CELL According to RRM admission decision. (8) UNSUP_CELL During the RAB setup process. (2) RELOC_CELL When initializing the migration process. so this reason seldom occurs. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 17 of 46 . this situation is always avoided. the QoS is not supported by RNC or RRM Aug. code resource allocation fails because too many subscribers are crowded on the network or code resource allocation fails.

76 % 0.645 0 0 0 0 3 1 0 RB_SETUP_SUCC_CELL RB_SETUP_FAIL_CFG_UNSUPP_CELL RB_SETUP_FAIL_PHYCH_FAIL_CELL RB_SETUP_FAIL_SIMU_RECFG_INCOMP_CELL RB_SETUP_FAIL_CELL_UPDT_CELL RB_SETUP_FAIL_CFG_INVALID_CELL RB_SETUP_FAIL_NO_RSP_CELL RB_SETUP_FAIL_OTHER_CELL Figure 1-12 Cell RB setup fail analysis Cell RB setup failure may be caused by the following reasons: (1) CFG_UNSUPP UE acknowledges the RB setup failure because of configuration unsupported. This reason seldom occurs in the network. RAB setup is mainly caused by admission failure and RB setup failure. Aug. It is mainly caused by UE defects. 10. as shown in Figure 1-12. This reason seldom occurs. The rooted reason is poor coverage. (2) PHYCH_FAIL The RB setup failure may occur if FACH is migrated to DCH but downlink physical layers are not synchronized during the RB setup process. It is mainly caused by compatibility problem of UE in some unknown scenarios.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only admission fails in RAB. (3) SIMU_RECFG_INCOMP UE regards that the RB setup process and other processes simultaneously occur and they are incompatible. (9) OTHER_CELL This may caused by RB setup failure or other reasons. RNC processing ensures RRC processes nesting. To locate the problem. analyze RB setup success rates. start Cell RB Setup Fail Analysis to display the RB setup fail rates. In a commercial network. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 18 of 46 .06 % % 0% 1.18 % 0 0. 99. To analyze the RB setup failure.

UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only (4) CELL_UPDT During the RB setup process. The RB setup failure is caused by process nesting. It is mainly caused by inconsistent understanding of network and UE. analyze call detail logs. It is mainly caused by poor coverage.2 Soft Handover Analysis This section consists of the following parts:    Overview Cell SHO Prepare Failure Analysis Cell SHO Failure Analysis Aug. To locate the problem. (6) NO_RESPONSE UE does not acknowledge the RB setup request. (5) CFG_INVALID UE regards the configured parameters are invalid ones. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 19 of 46 . the Cell Update process occurs. (7) OTHER Cell RB setup failure is caused by other reasons. This reason seldom occurs. 10. so UE cannot receive the RB setup request message. This reason frequently occurs. 4.

as shown in Figure 1-13. softer handover success rate. as shown in Figure 1-14.1 Overview Figure 1-13 Nastar Tasks Soft Handover Analysis is included in Nastar tasks.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 4. Double click Soft Handover Analysis to display the RNC soft handover details (including soft handover success rate. and soft handover prepare success rate).2. Aug. 10. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 20 of 46 .

UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 1.97 0. SHO_FACTOR_UE is used to measure the reasonable Aug.985 0.995 0. which is similar to the proportion of soft handover area by making drive tests.935 0 Time Bar Value g b c d e f g RNC:1(ID:1)-SHO_SUCC_RATE RNC:1(ID:1)-SHO_PREP_SUCC_RATE g RNC:1(ID:1)-SOFTERHO_SUCC_RATE Figure 1-14 Soft Handover Analysis In the previous figure.005 1 0.  SHO_FACTOR_UE SHO_FACTOR_UE is used to measure the proportion of soft handover subscribers.94 0. SHO_FACTOR_UE can be calculated as follows: (Subscriber number of link 2 of active set + Subscriber number of link 3 of active set)/Total subscriber number SHO_FACTOR_UE is used to indicate the subscribers in the soft handover area.98 0. soft handover factor is used to measure the proportion and cost of soft handover.955 0. SHO_FACTOR_RL and SHO_FACTOR_UE are defined as follows:  SHO_FACTOR_RL SHO_FACTOR_RL is used to measure average link number. 10.975 0.945 0. SHO_FACTOR-RL can be calculated as follows: (Subscriber number of link 1 of active set*1 + Subscriber number of link 2 of active set*2 + Subscriber number of link 3 of active set*3)/Total subscriber number – 1 SHO_FACTOR_RL is used to indicate the influence of soft handover exerted on NodeB CE and to evaluate the subscriber resource utililization.965 0. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 21 of 46 .95 0.99 0.96 0.

UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only relationship between soft handover area and soft handover distribution. start Cell SHO Analysis to query the TOPN. 10. SHO_FACTOR_UE is greater than SHO_FACTOR_UE. SHO_FACTOR_RL is greater than 1 while SHO_FACTOR_UE is less than 1. 4. the greater the subscriber number of link 3 of active set is. 0% 9. low soft handover success rates may exist in the cells that have less soft handover times. If the subscriber number of link 3 of active set is very great. as shown in Figure 1-15.2. start Cell SHO Prepare Failure Analysis to display the soft handover prepare failure details.2 Cell SHO Prepare Failure Analysis In the Soft Handover Analysis. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 22 of 46 . Attention must be paid to the cells that have the highest soft handover failure times and the highest soft handover prepare failure times because they affect the KPI of soft handover greatly. To query the cells that have the highest soft handover prepare failure times.46 % 0% 0 7 0 67 SHO_PREP_RL_SETUP_FAIL SHO_PREP_AAL2_SETUP_FAIL SHO_PREP_FP_SYNC_FAIL SHO_PREP_FAIL_OTHER_CELL 90. The queried results are outputted in four pages: (1) The top ten cells that have the highest soft handover failure times (2) The top ten cells that have the lowest soft handover success rates (3) The top ten cells that have the highest soft handover prepare failure times (4) The top ten cells that have the lowest soft handover prepare success rates During the early period. The greater the difference between them is.54 % Figure 1-15 Cell SHO Prepare Failure Analysis Aug.

UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only Cell SHO prepare failure may be caused by the following reasons: (1) SHO_PREP_RL_SETUP_FAIL The links cannot be added during the soft handover because NodeB CE resource is insufficient or NodeB is faulty. the synchronization of AAL2 and FP of lub interface fails. such as insufficient RNC resource. transmission equipments must be expanded. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 23 of 46 . and data configuration of NodeB boards can be used to locate the problems. If NodeB CE resource is insufficient. one or more boards must be added for expansion. 4.2. Cell Traffic Load Analysis. The queried results are outputted in four pages: (1) (2) (3) The top ten cells that have the highest soft handover failure times The top ten cells that have the lowest soft handover success rates The top ten cells that have the highest soft handover prepare failure times Aug. (4) SHO_PREP_ FAIL_OTHER_CELL Soft handover prepare failure is caused by other reasons. and RNC link state reject. To locate the problem. radio resource admission reject.3 Cell SHO Failure Analysis In the Soft Handover Analysis. the AAL2 setup of lub interface fails because the transmission bandwidth is insufficient. (2) SHO_PREP_AAL2_SETUP_FAIL When the links are added during the soft handover. start Cell SHO Analysis to query the TOPN. check whether the intermittent transmission interruption occurs or the IMA group transmission is incorrectly configured. RNC logs must be used for further analysis. To locate the problem. 10. If the transmission bandwidth is insufficient. (3) SHO_PREP_FP_SYNC_FAIL When the links are added during the soft handover. Internal NodeB logs.

0 0. This reason seldom exists in a commercial network.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only (4) The top ten cells that have the lowest soft handover prepare success rates During the early period. RNC performs the serial connection.797 0 0 0 4 0 0 0 3 0 SHO_SUCC_CELL SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_CFG_UNSUPP SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_SIMU_RECFG_INCOMP SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_CFG_INVALID SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_NO_RSP SHO_RL_DEL_FAIL_CFG_UNSUPP SHO_RL_DEL_FAIL_SIMU_RECFG_INCOMP SHO_RL_DEL_FAIL_CFG_INVALID SHO_RL_DEL_FAIL_NO_RSP SHO_FAIL_OTHER_CELL Figure 1-16 Cell SHO Failure Analysis Soft handover failure may be caused by the following reasons: (1) SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_CFG_UNSUPP UE does not support to add radio links in RNC during the active set update. (3) SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_CFG_INVALID UE regards active set update of adding radio links in RNC as invalid configuration.11 % % 99. Attention must be paid to the cells that have the highest soft handover failure times and the highest soft handover prepare failure times because they affect the KPI of soft handover greatly.14 % 0 0% % 0% 0% 2. 10. In the Cell SHO Analysis.75 % 0. (4) SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_NO_RSP Aug. This reason seldom occurs in a commercial network. start Cell SHO Failure Analysis to display the soft handover failure details. low soft handover success rates may exist in the cells that have less soft handover times. The problem is mainly caused by some handsets. When handling the processes. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 24 of 46 . (2) SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_SIMU_RECFG_INCOMP UE feeds back that the soft handover process is incompatible with other concurrent processes when radio links are added in RNC. as shown in Figure 1-16.

analyze the logs to locate the problems. (7) SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_CFG_INVALID UE regards the active set update of deleting radio links in RNC as invalid configuration. This reason seldom occurs in a commercial network. If soft handover failure is caused by other reasons. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 25 of 46 . (8) SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_NO_RSP RNC does not receive the acknowledgement of active set update of deleting radio links. If network coverage is poor or soft handover area is small. (5) SHO_RL_DEL_FAIL_CFG_UNSUPP UE does not support to delete radio links in RNC during the active set update. the RF optimization is required. 10. The problem is mainly caused by some handsets. Soft handover failure is mainly caused by this reason. If network coverage is poor or soft handover area is small. (6) SHO_RL_ADD_FAIL_SIMU_RECFG_INCOMP UE feeds back that the soft handover is incompatible with other concurrent processes when radio links are deleted in RNC. When handling the processes. RNC performs the serial connection. This reason seldom occurs in a commercial network. Thus. Thus. (9) SHO_FAIL_OTHER_CELL Soft handover failure is caused by other reasons.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only RNC does not receive the acknowledgement of active set update of adding radio links. however. soft handover failure easily occurs. Soft handover failure is mainly caused by this reason. 4. the RF optimization is required. soft handover failure is seldom caused by other reasons. soft handover failure easily occurs.3 CS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis This section consists of the following parts:    Overview CS Inter-RAT Handover Prepare Failure Analysis CS Inter-RAT Handover Failure Analysis Aug.

In a commercial network. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 26 of 46 . CS inter-RAT handover between a 2G network and a 3G network seldom occurs. Double click CS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis to display the CS inter-RAT handover details between a 2G network and a 3G network (including CS interRAT handover success rate. 10. Aug. CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure rate.3. as shown in Figure 1-17.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only  Cell Inter-RAT Handover Analysis 4.1 Overview Figure 1-17 Nastar tasks CS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis is included in Nastar tasks. as shown in Figure 1-18. and CS inter-RAT handover failure rate).

95 % 0% 2. 82.92 % Figure 1-18 CS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis 4. 10.2 CS Inter-RAT Handover Prepare Failure Analysis In the CS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis.3.38 % 0% 0% Figure 1-19 CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure analysis CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure may be caused by the following reasons: (1) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_TARGET_FAIL CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure is caused by Relocation Failure Target CN/RNC or Target System (cause value) because the data Aug.9 % 1. start CS Inter-RAT Handover Prepare Failure Analysis to display the CS inter-RAT handover details.1 % 0 0% % 0.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 605 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL 2. as shown in Figure 1-19.735 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_SUCC 40 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_FAIL 17.18 % 80. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 27 of 46 .57 % 0.775 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_SUCC 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_TARGET_FAIL 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_TALLOC_EXPIR 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_TARGET_UNSUPP 13 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_RELOC_ABORT 560 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_NO_RSRC_AVAIL 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_UNKNOWTARGET 32 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_REQINFNOTAVAI 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_PREP_FAIL_NO_RSP 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_OTHER 16.

track the signaling of core network and BSS for further analysis. core network initializes the release. track the signaling of core network and BSS for further analysis. track the signaling of core network and BSS for further analysis.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only configuration of core network is incorrect or BSS does not support the handover. they are normal nested processes. (6) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_UNKNOWTARGET Aug. 10. such as location update. To locate the problem. To locate the problem. To locate the problem. (2) When inter-RAT handover prepare process is performed. (3) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_TARGET_UNSUPP CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure is caused by Relocation Not Supported in Target RNC or Target System (cause value) because BSC does not support some parameters of handover requests. (4) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_RELOC_ABORT After sending the handover prepare request. an MS hangs up the call. track the signaling of core network and BSS for further analysis. (2) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_TALLOC_EXPIR CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure is caused by TRELOCalloc Expiry (cause value) because the data configuration or link connection of core network is incorrect. (5) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_NO_RSRC_AVAIL CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure is caused by No Resource Available (cause value) because the data configuration of MSC is incorrect or there is no available resource in BSC. To locate the problem. This may be caused by two reasons: (1) Inter-RAT handover is requested during the signaling processes. Although the previous inter-RAT handover processes are incomplete. Thus. Location update process is complete before inter-RAT handover process is complete. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 28 of 46 . RNC receives the release message from core network. Thus. core network initializes the release.

To locate the problem. This problem frequently occurs if a 2G network is adjusted. This may be caused by incorrect data configuration or link connection of core network. track the signaling of core network and BSS for further analysis.04 % % 0% 0% 0. 98. check whether any data is incorrectly configured in the core network.56 % 0. To locate the problem.3 CS Inter-RAT Handover Failure Analysis In the CS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis. start CS Inter-RAT Handover Failure Analysis to display the CS inter-RAT handover details (including CS inter-RAT handover success and failure rates).3. as shown in Figure 1-20. track the signaling of core network and BSS for further analysis. 4.735 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_SUCC 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_FAIL_CFG_UNSUPP 27 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_FAIL_PHYCH_FAIL Figure 1-20 CS inter-RAT handover failure analysis Aug. (7) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_ REQINFNOTAVAI CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure is caused by Requested Information Not Available because the data configuration is incorrect or target BSC does not support the handover. (8) CS_INTERRAT_HO_PREP_FAIL_NO_RSP CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure occurs because core network does not respond to the handover prepare request.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure is caused by Unknown Target RNC (cause value) because the data configuration of MSC is incorrect or the LAC of target cell is not configured. 10. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 29 of 46 .43 0.97 0 % % 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_FAIL_UNSPEC 0 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_FAIL_NO_RSP 12 CS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_FAIL_RELOC_ABORT 1 CS_INTRAT_HO_FAIL_OTHER 2. To locate the problem.

(3) CS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_ CFG_UNSUPP CS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by Configuration Unsupported (cause value) because UE does not support the handover request. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 30 of 46 . RNC receives the release message from core network. UE does not acknowledge the request because network coverage is poor. This reason seldom occurs in a network. (5) CS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_NO_RSP After RNC sends the handover request message to UE.  Some parameters (such as ciphering mode) transmitted to UE are inconsistent with that of BSC. (2) CS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_PHYCN_FAIL CS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by Physical Channel Failure (cause value). (6) CS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_OTHER CS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by other reasons. the cause is not Normal Release because the link is released abnormally due to other reasons. This reason may be mainly caused by abnormal UE. However. 10. compare the parameters of UE with that of BSC. analyze the RNC logs. To locate the problem.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only CS inter-RAT handover failure may be caused by the following reasons: (1) CS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_UNSPEC CS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by Unspecified (cause value). (4) CS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_ RELOC_ABORT After sending the handover request message to UE. CS inter-RAT handover failure is mainly caused by:  The signals of 2G network are weak or UE fails to access the network due to serious interference. To locate the problem. Aug. This reason is caused by the nesting of handover process and release process.

1 Overview PS inter-RAT Handover Analysis is included in Nastar tasks.4. you can find the cell that has the greatest CS inter-RAT handover failure times. the network coverage must be improved. you can find the cell that has the greatest CS interRAT handover times. 10.4 Cell Inter-RAT Handover Analysis In the CS inter-RAT Handover Analysis. The queried results are outputted to list: (1) (2) (3) (4) The cell that have the lowest CS inter-RAT handover success rate The cell that have the greatest CS inter-RAT handover prepare failure times The cell that have the greatest CS inter-RAT handover failure times The cell that have the greatest CS inter-RAT handover times Through the previous results. PS inter-RAT handover from a 2G network to a 3G network need not be analyzed because PS inter-RAT handover from a 2G network to a 3G network cannot be identified in access network. Aug. the data configuration must be checked. Thus. Double click PS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis to display the PS inter-RAT handover details between a 2G network and a 3G network.3. as shown in Figure 1-21. In addition.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 4. Thus. 4. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 31 of 46 .4 PS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis This section consists of the following parts:    Overview PS Inter-RAT Handover Failure Analysis Cell Inter-RAT Handover Analysis 4. start Cell inter-RAT Handover Analysis to query the TOPN.

6 Bar Value 0.8 0. start PS inter-RAT Handover Failure Aug.3 0. 10.9 0.4.2 0. 0. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 32 of 46 . PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UTRAN_UE indicates that the PS inter-RAT handover is initialized by combined services or the PS inter-RAT reselection is initialized by the UE that is not in a dedicated channel.2 PS Inter-RAT Handover Failure Analysis In the PS inter-RAT Handover Analysis.1 0 0 Time g b c d e f g RNC:41(ID:41)-PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UTRAN_SUCC_RATE RNC:41(ID:41)-PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UE_SUCC_RATE Figure 1-22 PS inter-RAT handover success rate 4.4 0.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 10 PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UTRAN_REQ 0 PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UE_REQ 100 % 0% Figure 1-21 PS inter-RAT handover analysis Figure 1-22 shows PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UTRAN_REQ and PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UTRAN_UE.5 0. PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UTRAN_REQ indicates that the PS inter-RAT handover is initialized by the UE in a dedicated channel.7 0.

This reason seldom occurs in a network. Aug. 80 % 8 PS_INTRAT_HO_OUT_UTRAN_SUCC 0 PS_HO_OUT_FAIL_CFG_UNSUPP 0 PS_HO_OUT_FAIL_PHYCH_FAIL 0 PS_HO_OUT_FAIL_UNSPEC 0 PS_HO_OUT_FAIL_NO_RSP 2 PS_HO_OUT_FAIL_OTHER 20 % 0% 0% Figure 1-23 PS inter-RAT handover failure analysis PS inter-RAT handover failure may be caused by the following reasons: (1) PS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_UNSPEC PS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by Unspecified (cause value). 10. as shown in Figure 1-23. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 33 of 46 . This reason may be mainly caused by abnormal UE. (4) PS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_NO_RSP After RNC sends the handover request message to UE.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only Analysis to display the PS inter-RAT handover success and failure rates. (3) PS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_ CFG_UNSUPP PS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by Configuration Unsupported (cause value) because UE does not support the handover request. (2) PS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_PHYCN_FAIL PS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by Physical Channel Failure (cause value) because the signals of 2G network are weak or UE fails to access the network due to serious interference. UE does not acknowledge the request because network coverage is poor or UE does not support the handover.

Double click Cell Update Analysis to display the cell update details (including cell update times and cell update success rate). Thus. 10. 4. This cell update process is different from that of cell reselection. analyze the RNC logs. In the Cell Update Analysis.5. Cell update process is initialized because the links of UE are abnormal or RLC is reset.5 Cell Update Analysis This section consists of the following parts:   Overview Cell Update Failure Analysis 4. the network coverage must be improved. To locate the problem. start Cell Inter-RAT Handover Analysis to query the TOPN. start Cell Update Scenario Analysis to display different cell update scenarios. so you must be familiar with diverse cell update processes.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only (5) PS_INTERRAT_HO_ FAIL_OTHER PS inter-RAT handover failure is caused by other reasons. as shown in Figure 1-24. If the state transition is disabled in a network. the cell update is caused by abnormal links or RLC reset if UE is not Aug.4. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 34 of 46 .1 Overview Cell Update Analysis is included in Nastar tasks. Cell update process is mainly caused by poor network coverage. The queried results are outputted to list: (1) (2) (3) (4) The cell that have the lowest PS inter-RAT handover success rate The cell that have the greatest PS inter-RAT handover prepare failure times The cell that have the greatest PS inter-RAT handover failure times The cell that have the greatest PS inter-RAT handover times Through the previous results. 4. you can find the cell that has the greatest PS interRAT handover times.3 Cell Inter-RAT Handover Analysis In the PS Inter-RAT Handover Analysis.

93.64 % 0 0 0 211 15 0 0 0 CELL_UPDT_REENTER CELL_UPDT_PAGE CELL_UPDT_UL_DATA_TRANS CELL_UPDT_RLC_ERR CELL_UPDT_RL_FAIL CELL_UPDT_PRD CELL_UPDT_RESEL CELL_UPDT_OTHER Figure 1-24 Cell update scenarios In the Cell Update Scenario Analysis. click Create a Bar Chart to display the cell update success rates. thus low cell update success rate may be caused by poor network coverage. the cell updates are caused by abnormal links (RL) or RLC reset (RLC_ERR).36 % 0% 0% 6.04 0.06 Bar Value 0.02 0. 10.03 0. If cell update is caused by other reasons. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 35 of 46 . 0.07 0.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only in CELL_FACH or CELL_PCH state. cell update success rate must be greater than 85%. In general. as shown in Figure 1-25.05 0.01 0 0 Time g g g g g g g g RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_RESEL RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_REENTER RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_PAGE RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_UL_DATA_TRANS RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_RLC_ERR RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_RL RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_PRD RNC:41(ID:41)-CELL_UPDT_SUCC_RATE_OTHER Figure 1-25 Cell update success rates Aug.

cell update times are less.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 4. Aug. Double click Call Drop Analysis to display the RNC call drop details. Then. click Create a Pie Chart to display the call drop details for different services (including voice.5. start Cell Update Analysis to query the TOPN. 4. and PS).6.1 Overview Call Drop Analysis is included in Nastar tasks. In the queried results of Cell Update Analysis.2 Cell Update Failure Analysis In the Cell Update Analysis. Attention must be paid to the cell that has the greatest cell update failure times. start Cell Update Scenario Analysis for Cell to analyze the cell update failure and summarize the cell update failure scenarios. The queried results are outputted to list: (1) (2) The cell that has the lowest cell update success rate The cell that has the greatest cell update failure times If a cell has the lowest cell update success rate.6 Call Drop Analysis This section consists of the following parts:     Overview CS Call Drop Analysis PS Call Drop Analysis Cell Call Drop Analysis 4. as shown in Figure 1-27. CS. VP. 10. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 36 of 46 .

25 0.2 0.05 0 0 Time Bar Value g g RNC:41(ID:41)-CS_RAB_AMR_DROP_RATE g RNC:41(ID:41)-CS_RAB_STR_DROP_RATE g RNC:41(ID:41)-CS_RAB_VP_DROP_RATE RNC:41(ID:41)-PS_RAB_DROP_RATE Figure 1-27 Call drop rates 4.15 0. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 37 of 46 . 10. especially in the poor-covered areas. 0.5 0.6.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 0% 1. Aug.34 % 75 8 0 515 12.6 0.65 0. In general.35 0.2 CS Call Drop Analysis In the CS Call Drop Analysis.45 0.3 0. as shown in Figure 1-28. click Create a Bar Chart to display the call drop rates for different services (including voice.55 0. and PS). VP.54 % RNC_CS_RAB_REL_AMR_TRIG_BY_RNC RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CONV_64K_TRIG_BY_RNC RNC_CS_RAB_REL_STR_TRIG_BY_RNC RNC_PS_RAB_REL_REQ 86.12 % Figure 1-26 Call drop analysis In the Cell Drop Analysis.1 0. CS. as shown in Figure 1-27.4 0. the call drop rate of CS service is less than that of VP service or PS service because of their different service coverage capabilities and service process complexities. click Create a Pie Chart to display the CS call drop reasons.

If this reason occurs. To solve the problem. 10. UE closes the transmitter abnormally or uplink demodulation is asynchronous. Aug. This reason is mainly caused by poor network coverage (including adjacent cell missing and small handover area). RNC initializes the release. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 38 of 46 .34 % 75 8 0 515 12. call drops are mainly caused by this reason. normal release is recorded as abnormal release during the RB setup process. To solve the problem. call drops are mainly caused by this reason. (3) RNC_CS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_AAL2_LOSS If IU CS interface (AAL2 path) is abnormal.12 % Figure 1-28 CS call drop reasons CS call drops may be caused by the following reasons: (1) RAB_CS_REL_RF_LOSS CS call drop may be caused by abnormal release caused by the lost synchronization of links because of poor network coverage (including adjacent cell missing. In some versions of RNC.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 0% 1.54 % RNC_CS_RAB_REL_AMR_TRIG_BY_RNC RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CONV_64K_TRIG_BY_RNC RNC_CS_RAB_REL_STR_TRIG_BY_RNC RNC_PS_RAB_REL_REQ 86. As a result. (2) RNC_CS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_SRB_RESET CS call drops may be caused by link releasing due to downlink SRB reset. network coverage must be improved. the network coverage must be improved. small handover area. the problem may be caused by any faulty or defective equipment. In the early network. In the early network. this reason seldom occurs. In practice.

call drops are mainly caused by this reason. 40. Therefore. as shown in Figure 1-29.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only (4) CS_RAB_DROP_OTHER CS call drops may be caused by other reasons. start PS Call Drop Analysis.39 % 15 26 208 0 266 5. To solve the problem. There are few call drop statistics in RNC (Version 12). 10. This reason is mainly caused by poor network coverage (including adjacent cell missing and small handover area). these call drops are recorded in CS_RAB_DROP_OTHER.05 % 0% 2. (2) RNC_PS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_SRB_RESET Aug.6.3 PS Call Drop Analysis In the Call Drop Analysis. click Create a Pie Chart to display the PS call drops. Then. UE closes the transmitter abnormally or uplink demodulation is asynchronous. In practice. Such reasons as process interaction timeout and cell update failure are recorded in CS_RAB_DROP_OTHER. 4. As a result.65 % Figure 1-29 PS call drop reasons PS call drop may be caused by the following reasons: (1) RAB_PS_REL_RF_LOSS PS call drops may be caused by abnormal release because the links are asynchronous. many call drops are caused by process interaction timeout and cell update failure.91 % RAB_PS_REL_RF_LOSS RNC_PS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_TRB_RESET RNC_PS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_SRB_RESET RNC_PS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_GTPU_LOSS PS_RAB_DROP_OTHER 51. network coverage must be improved. In the early network. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 39 of 46 .

start Cell Call Drop Analysis. Such reasons as process interaction timeout and cell update failure are recorded in PS_RAB_DROP_OTHER. this reason seldom occurs. these call drops are recorded in PS_RAB_DROP_OTHER. In the early network. To solve the problem. There are few call drop statistics in RNC (Version 12). To solve the problem. Aug. RNC initializes the release. the network coverage must be improved. 10. the network coverage must be improved. In practice. (4) RNC_PS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_GTPU_LOSS If IU CS interface (AAL2 path) is abnormal. query the TOPN to find the cell that has the greatest CS call drop rate. as shown in Figure 1-30. 4. In the early network. (5) PS_RAB_DROP_OTHER PS call drops may be caused by other reasons. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 40 of 46 . and then click Create a Pie Chart to display the cell drop reasons.4 Cell Call Drop Analysis In the Cell Drop Call Analysis. This reason is mainly caused by poor network coverage (including adjacent cell missing and small handover area). (3) RNC_PS_RAB_REL_TRIG_BY_RNC_TRB_RESET PS call drops may be caused by link releasing due to downlink TRB reset. many call drops are caused by process interaction timeout and cell update failure. Therefore. call drops are mainly caused by this reason. call drops are mainly caused by this reason.6. This reason is mainly caused by poor network coverage (including adjacent cell missing and small handover area). If this reason occurs. In practice.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only PS call drops may be caused by link releasing due to downlink SRB reset. the problem may be caused by any faulty or defective equipment.

(5) RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_RAB_PREM Cell call drops may be caused by CS link releasing due to high priority Aug. In the early network. This reason is mainly caused by poor network coverage (including adjacent cell missing and small handover area). this reason seldom occurs. (4) RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_AAL2_LOSS If IU CS interface (AAL2 path) is abnormal. 10. (3) RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_UTRAN Cell call drops may be caused by abnormal link releasing due to UTRAN. cell call drops caused by this reason are normal.67 % Figure 1-30 CS cell drop reasons CS Cell call drops may be caused by the following reasons: (1) RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_OM Cell call drops may be caused by CS link releasing due to operation and maintenance (for example. the problem may be caused by any faulty or defective equipment. the network coverage must be improved. In practice. To solve the problem. To solve the problem.33 % 0 RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_OM 0 RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_UTRAN 0 RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_RAB_PREM 2 RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_SRBRESET 0 RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_AAL2LOSS 4 CS_RAB_DROP_CELL_OTHER 0% 0% 66. RNC initializes the release. Actually. cell block).UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 0% 33. use CDL for further analysis. (2) RNC_CS_RAB_REL_CELL_TRIG_BY_RNC_SRB_RESET Cell call drops may be caused by link releasing due to downlink SRB reset. call drops are mainly caused by this reason. If this reason occurs. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 41 of 46 .

many call drops are caused by process interaction timeout and cell update failure.7.1 Overview Traffic Load Analysis is included in Nastar tasks. Such reasons as process interaction timeout and cell update failure are recorded in CS_RAB_DROP_CELL_OTHER. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 42 of 46 . Aug. In practice. (6) CS_RAB_DROP_CELL_OTHER Cell call drops may be caused by other reasons. as shown in Figure 1-32. Therefore. 10.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only preemption. cell call drop may occur. You can choose Time Range or Query Object to query the RNC traffic load. There are few call drop statistics in RNC (Version 12). If load or resource is insufficient. Check whether the expansion is required according to cell call drop times. these call drops are recorded in CS_RAB_DROP_CELL_OTHER. 4.7 Traffic Load Analysis This section consists of the following parts:   Overview Cell Traffic Analysis 4. Double click Traffic Load Analysis to display the RNC traffic load details.

click Create a Pie Chart to display the traffic load details. UNKNOWN_USER indicates that the subscribers are from other RNC and service type is unknown. 10. In the Traffic Load Analysis. The unit of traffic load is Erl. Assume that the subscribers for different services are equivalent.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only Figure 1-32 Query traffic load Choose Busy Time (Busy Time can be Automatic Querying or Designated Time). 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 43 of 46 . traffic load proportions are displayed in Figure 1-33. Aug.

388 CS_CONV_USER 0 CS_STR_USER 0 PS_CONV_USER 0 PS_STR_USER 25. Aug.21 % Figure 1-33 Traffic Load 4.2 Cell Traffic Analysis If a cell has the highest traffic. the cell must be analyzed. The queried results are outputted as follows: (1) (2) (3) (4) The cell that has the greatest RTWP The cell that has the greatest TCP The cell that has the greatest DCH UE The cell that has the greatest downlink admission rejects The cell that has the greatest RTWP represents the cell that has the greatest uplink radio load. start Cell Traffic Analysis to query the TOPN. the cell is easily congested and need to be expanded. start Cell RTWP Analysis. The burst interference exerts little influence on the system but the continuous interference must be eliminated on a timely basis. In addition. If the cells have large RTWP_MAX_CELL_DBM values. this queried result can be used to find the cell that is seriously interfered. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 44 of 46 . it is the most important cell in a network. as shown in Figure 1-34.3 % 85. 10. Check whether it is the burst interference or continuous interference. In the Traffic Load Analysis. If the RTWP of a cell is greater than -100 dBm.808 PS_INTER_BKG_USER 0.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 0% 0% 14.7.09 UNKNOWN_USER 0. In practice.49 % 4.

if the cell has the greatest downlink radio load. and re-configuration. you can further understand the influence exerted on the subscribers. downlink radio load is a bottleneck because the uplink is asymmetric to the downlink and the downlink is of interference. For such cell. check whether the cross coverage is serious.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only -65 -70 -75 -80 Items -85 -90 -95 -100 -105 2005-04-21 00:00:00 2005-04-21 04:30:00 2005-04-21 09:30:00 2005-04-21 14:30:00 DateTime 2005-04-21 19:30:00 b c d e f g RTWP_MAX_CELL_DBM Figure 1-34 Cell RTWP analysis The cell that has the greatest TCP represents the cell that has the greatest downlink radio load. The cell that has the greatest DL ADMSN DENY is used to measure the cell that has the greatest downlink radio load. The cell that has the greatest DCH UE is used to measure the subscriber number of a cell. the handover area is unreasonable. the cell also has the greatest downlink admission rejects. In this way. incoming handover. start Cell Resource Analysis to display the admission reject proportions of call setup. For the cell that has the greatest DL ADMSN DENY. Aug. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 45 of 46 . If a cell has the greatest DL ADMSN DENY. 10. Combined with the utilization of OVSF codes. In practice. the average CE and transmission can be estimated to further check whether the resources are sufficient. check whether the cross coverage is serious and check whether the indoor coverage of high traffic area must be improved to decrease large power consumption. or the indoor coverage for high traffic area must be improved. In practice.

10. use Sample Trace on the RNC maintenance console in a given time to obtain the detailed call procedure for further analyzing problem causes and involved subscribers.1 Narrowing Down Area Range and Time Range The area range of abnormal traffic statistics can be determined by querying the TOPN. and involved subscribers. After determining the area range. Then. 5.UTRAN KPI Analysis Guide For Internal Use Only 5. Analyzing Complicated Problems Further analysis is necessary because the KPI of traffic statistics does not represent the processes. Therefore. use the following methods:    Narrowing down area range and time range Analyzing abnormal logs Analyzing repeated problems 5. To analyze complicated problems.2 Analyzing Abnormal Logs Execute the command LST CELL in MML on the RNC maintenance console to find the service subrack.3 Analyzing Repeated Problems If time range or area range falls within a fixed scope after the KPI analysis is performed for several days. it is necessary for us to use further analysis to locate complicated problems. send the CDL of service subrack from BAM to a service engineer for further analyzing abnormal processes. Aug. 2005 Confidential Information of Huawei No Spreading Without Permission Page 46 of 46 . 5. query the time range of problem (The time range falls within 30 minutes). but the results. reasons. Some reasons may not be found through the KPI analysis.

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