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FORM 1 CHAPTER 4 VARIETY OF RESOURCES ON EARTH 1. Diagram 1 shows the arrangement of particles in three different types of matter, P, Q and R. P Q R

Diagram 1 (a) Label P, Q and R with the following words. Mixture Compound Element [3 marks] (b) Draw lines to match the following mixtures to the method of separating the mixture. Draw the lines as shown below. MIxture Method of separation

Petrol and water

By distillation

By magnetic attraction Sulphur and iron filings By using a separating funnel Sand and water By filtration

[2 marks]

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Form 1 Science Chapter 4

2. Diagram 2.1 shows an activity carried out by a student using sulphur powder and iron filings.

Iron filings

Sulphur powder

M

(a) Substance M is formed when iron filings and sulphur powder are mixed together. What Diagram 2.1 Is substance M? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (b) How can you separate the iron filings from the sulphur powder in M? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark]

M

Diagram 2.2 (c) M is then heated as shown in Diagram 2.2 and a new substance, N is formed. What is N? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) State two properties of N. (i) (ii) ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……. ……………………………………………………………………………………………… ……. [2 marks] (e) State one difference between substance M and substance N. ………………………………………………………………………………………………………

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Form 1 Science Chapter 4

……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] 3. Diagram 3 shows some resources on Earth.

RESOURCES ON EARTH

P: …………………………….

R …………………………….

Q ……………………………. Diagram 3 (a) Name resources P, Q and R on Diagram 3. [3 marks] (b) State one importance of R: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. Q: ……………………………………………………………………………………………………. [2 marks] (c) Plants need R to live. Name another resource that plants need to live. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………….. [1 mark]

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Form 1 Science Chapter 4

4. Diagram 4 shows some methods of separating mixtures.

P: ……………………………

Q: ……………………………. Diagram 4

R: ……………………………

(a) Label P, Q and R on Diagram 4 using the following words. Distillation Separating funnel Filtration [3 marks] (b) Draw lines to match to P, Q, and R to their uses. Method P Use

To separate a liquid from a solution

Q

To separate two immiscible liquids

R

To separate a solid from a liquid

**[3 marks] (c) How is salt obtained from sea water? ………………………………………………………………………………………………………
**

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Form 1 Science Chapter 4

[1 mark] 5. Diagram 5.1 shows pictures of three different substances, P, Q and R. P Q R

Water

Soil

Copper wire

Diagram 5.1 (a) On Diagram 5.1, label P, Q and R with the following words. Mixture Compound Element [3 marks] (b) Based on Diagram 5.1, which substance can only be separated by chemical method? ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (c) Copper is a metal. State one property of metal. ……………………………………………………………………………………………………… [1 mark] (d) Diagram 5.2 shows the arrangement of the particles of substances K and L.

K Diagram 5.2

L

Based on Diagram 5.2, give one example of substance K and L. (i) Substance K: …………………………………………………………………………… ……

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Form 1 Science Chapter 4

(ii)

Substance L:…………………………………………………………………………… …….. [2 marks]

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