Murray Rothbard


Murray Rothbard
Murray Rothbard
Austrian School

Rothbard c. 1955 Born March 2, 1926 Bronx, New York, U.S. January 7, 1995 (aged 68) New York City, New York, U.S. American Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute, University of Nevada, Las Vegas Economic history, Economics, Political economy, Anarchism, Ethics, Columbia University Adam Smith, John Maynard Keynes, Fritz Machlup, Milton Friedman, Ed Crane John Locke, Ludwig von Mises, Lysander Spooner, Harry Elmer Barnes Hans-Hermann Hoppe, Ron Paul, Gary North, Robert Nozick [1]


Nationality Institution Field Alma mater Opposed Influences Influenced

Contributions Anarcho-capitalism, paleolibertarianism, and historical revisionism

(p4) During the early 1950s. Rothbard was greatly influenced by Mises' book. Rothbard wrote of having grown up as a "right-winger" (adherent of the "Old Right") among. Human Action.[7] Rothbard was born in the Bronx."[8] Murray Rothbard with his wife "Joey" He attended Columbia University. 1995) was an American economist[2] and political theorist(pp11. Jewish immigrants to the U." Like Rothbard. from Poland and Russia respectively. Burns was a longtime friend of the Rothbard family and their neighbor at their Manhattan apartment building. where received a Bachelor of Arts degree in mathematics in 1945 and. 380) whose writings and personal influence played a seminal role in the development of modern libertarianism. he recalled that "all socialism seemed to [him] monstrously coercive and abhorrent." Life and work Rothbard was born to David and Rae Rothbard. economics.Murray Rothbard 2 Part of a series on the Austrian School • Business and economics portal Murray Newton Rothbard (March 2. and other subjects.(pp4-5. 1926 – January 7. He wrote over twenty books on anarchist theory. Rothbard was the founder and leading theoretician of anarcho-capitalism. friends and neighbors who were "communists or fellow-travelers. Rothbard attended the unofficial seminar of Austrian economist Ludwig von Mises. political. David Rothbard was a chemist. In contrast. his PhD in economics in 1956. He categorically opposed all military. a group that provided financial backing to promote various "right-wing" ideologies in the 1950s and early 1960s. and in part to Arthur Burns rejecting his doctoral dissertation. history. who was then teaching at the Wall Street division of New York University Business School. Joseph Dorfman.[10][11]Wikipedia:Verifiability The Volker Fund paid Rothbard to write a textbook to explain Human Action in a form which could be used to introduce college undergraduates to Mises' views. his father was a rightist.S. where he attended Birch Wathen.(pp43–44)[9] Rothbard later stated that all of his fellow students there were extreme leftists and that he was one of only two Republicans on the Columbia campus at the time. "There would be no anarcho-capitalist movement to speak of without Rothbard. and a central figure in the twentieth-century American libertarian movement. but the family moved to the Upper West Side of Manhattan. It was only after Burns' went on leave from the Columbia faculty to head President Eisenhower's Council of Economic Advisors that Rothbard's thesis was accepted and he received his doctorate. eleven years later. a sample chapter he wrote on . Rothbard asserted that all services provided by the "monopoly system of the corporate state" could be provided more efficiently by the private sector and wrote that the state is "the organization of robbery systematized and writ large. a staunch advocate of historical revisionism. Rothbard later stated that he much preferred Birch Wathen to the "debasing and egalitarian public school system" he had previously attended. The delay in receiving his PhD was due in part to conflict with his advisor. 286. 129) In the words of Hans-Hermann Hoppe. and economic interventionism in the affairs of other nations. Rothbard attracted the attention of the William Volker Fund."[3][4][5][6] He called fractional reserve banking a form of fraud and opposed central banking. a private school on the Upper East Side.

In 1987.[13] Rothbard maintained his position at UNLV from 1986 until his death. Mises praised Rothbard's work effusively and. now called the Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics." She recalled how Rothbard would begin every day with a phone conversation with his colleague Llewellyn Rockwell. Hall Distinguished Professor of Economics. Las Vegas." Rothbard was an atheist. In 1953. uncharacteristically. he married JoAnn Schumacher (1928–1999). He died in 1995 in Manhattan of a heart attack. he enlarged the project.(p124) After Rothbard's death.he managed to make a living for 40 years without having to get up before noon. Alabama. as they checked in with each other. ". whom he called Joey. Upon its publication. Murray thought it was the best possible way to start a day. and State. he started a journal called Review of Austrian Economics.(p14) In 1964. Joey reflected on Rothbard's happiness and bright spirit. Rothbard took his first academic job as one of two instructors who taught economics to the engineering students at Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute. This was important to him. Rothbard left Brooklyn Polytechnic Institute for the Butt Business School at the University of Nevada. The New York Times obituary called Rothbard "an economist and social philosopher who fiercely defended individual freedom against government intervention. until 1986..J.[12] Then 60 years old. an endowed chair paid for by an admirer of his work."[] 3 Ethical and philosophical views Part of a series on Libertarianism • • • Outline of libertarianism Libertarianism portal Liberalism portal .. for Mises. The result was Rothbard's book Man. As Rothbard continued his work. in New York City. "Gales of laughter would shake the house or apartment. Rothbard founded the Center for Libertarian Studies in 1976 and the Journal of Libertarian Studies in 1977. published in 1962. and was vice president of academic affairs until 1995.Murray Rothbard money and credit won Mises’s approval. Rothbard continued in this role for twenty-two years. where he held the title of S. He was associated with the 1982 creation of the Ludwig von Mises Institute in Auburn. Economy. at age 37.

Austrian or otherwise. arguing that if an individual mixes his labor with unowned land then he becomes the proper owner. calling him a "shameless plagiarist" who set economics off-track.(p27)[19] Libertarian economist Bryan Caplan stated that Rothbard's extreme behaviorist theory of choice was "inadequate. including individuals whose actions he viewed with contempt.Murray Rothbard 4 Ethics Although Rothbard adopted von Mises' deductive method of thought[14] he rejected Mises conviction that ethical values remain subjective. Zanotti and Nicolas Cachanosky recently reviewed the controversy. Professors Gabriel J. " Machlup’s interpretation shows that Austrian epistemology is well grounded in post-Popperian epistemology and that most criticisms of Austrian economics based on its aprioristic character are misplaced. Economic Thought Before Adam Smith.[18] and wrote that governmental regulation of money and credit creates a "dismal monetary and banking situation". and fractional reserve banking and advocated a 100% reserve requirement for banks. Peter Hans Matthews and Andreas Ortmann conclude that "few readers. "Rothbard’s discussion of self-ownership in chapter six of Ludwig von Mises The Ethics of Liberty rests on a fundamental confusion between descriptive and normative claims.(p134) Philosopher Matt Zwolinski wrote. to pursue his PhD studies with Machlup at Johns Hopkins University." In an article entitled "How Not to Argue for Libertarianism". Furthermore. stating that Machlup was no praxeologist." loosely basing the idea on the writings of John Locke[15] and also borrowing concepts from classical liberalism and the anti-imperialism of the Old Right. and that after that time it is private property which may change hands only by trade or gift. will find [Rothbard's book] a decisive contribution to our understanding of the discipline’s foundations. Machlup’s interpretation provides us with a setting to re-build the academic interaction between Austrians and non-Austrians that was characteristic of the early twentieth century." In graduate school. Rothbard deprecated the views of Austrian economist Fritz Machlup." . He strongly opposed central banking. Rothbard. unlike Mises. Rothbard stated that in fact Machlup shared the opposing positivist view associated with economist Milton Friedman."[17] Rothbard was contemptuous of John Maynard Keynes. 96–97) Austrian economist George Selgin calls the movement for 100%-reserve banking a "moronic cult. Zwolinski examines the critical role of self-ownership in Rothbard's thought and states that Rothbard's "argument for the self-ownership thesis itself is disappointingly weak. Rothbard wrote a paper entitled "Toward a Reconstruction of Utility and Welfare Economics" which was reprinted in a festschrift for von Mises. but instead used economic analysis to demonstrate that specific interventionist policies would fail to achieve their intended goals. Israel Kirzner." They conclude that Rothbard's approach to economics was an "outdated and untenable extreme apriorism. fiat money.(pp87–89) He called this principle "self-ownership. In a review of Rothbard's book. Economics Rothbard vilified Adam Smith." In 1956. on the other hand. ultimately leading to the rise of Marxism.[16] Mises and Machlup had been colleagues in 1920's Vienna before each relocated to the United States. Therefore. and calling him instead a "positivist" who failed to represent the views of Ludwig von Mises. stated that interventionist policies do in fact benefit some people. Mises did not employ ethical arguments." Rothbard advocated the Lockean proviso. and von Mises later urged his American protege.(pp89–94. Rothbard chose to assert an objective ethical basis for the free market. They prefer Machlup's reading of Mises to Rothbard's. and state.

Rothbard believed that "war is the health of the state. Peace." Libertarian Economist George Selgin. Cowen and Fink found "serious inconsistencies in both the nature of the ERE and its suggested uses." According to David Gordon. According to Sanford Ikeda. which is interference with private non-economic activities.Murray Rothbard According to libertarian economist Tyler Cowen and Richard Fink. The words ERE had been introduced by von Mises as an alternative nomenclature for the mainstream economic method of static equilibrium and general equilibrium analysis. who doubted the need for any government whatsoever. which is state-mandated exchange between individuals. an equation that holds only with the help of about a dozen auxiliary assumptions. Government. Rothbard wrote that the term equally rotating equilibrium ("ERE") can be used to analyze complexity in a world of change. like Lysander Spooner and Benjamin Tucker. and ideology. Economy. Rothbard believed that stopping new wars was necessary and that knowledge of how government had led citizens into earlier wars was important. Rothbard implied that the American distrust of government after the Watergate scandal marked the breakdown of the U.[20] In his anarcho-capitalist model." 5 Anarcho-capitalism and state intervention During his years at graduate school in the late 1940s. Rothbard wrote: . "There would be no anarcho-capitalist movement to speak of without Rothbard. a system of protection agencies compete in a free market and are voluntarily supported by consumers who choose to use their protective and judicial services. He wrote. His version of the Austrian business cycle theory was naive--in essence it equated behavior of M consistent with keeping interest rates at their "natural" levels with the elimination of fractional-reserve banking. and "triangular intervention"." In Man. with its implied condemnation of fractional reserve banking."[25] Foreign non-intervention Like Randolph Bourne.[26][27] In an obituary for his friend historical revisionist Harry Elmer Barnes. a founder of the Foundation for Economic Education. and the State" and "The Anatomy of the State. In an unpublished memo written around 1949 Rothbard concluded that in order to believe in laissez-faire one must also embrace anarchism.(pp12–13) Thus he "combined the laissez-faire economics of Mises with the absolutist views of human rights and rejection of the state" from individualist anarchists. the forces of statism are in rout at every hand. "We stand at the threshold of the rollback of statism and the victory of liberty. Murray Rothbard considered whether a strict laissez-faire policy would require that private police agencies replace government protective services. Rothbard was influenced by nineteenth-century American individualist anarchists.S. with his libertarian ethics. no other economist adopted Mises' term. goals. He visited Baldy Harper. and the Belgian economist Gustave de Molinari who wrote about how such a system could work. He then went on to conjure up an equally false history of banking and of bank contracts designed to square his theory of the cycle." With the sole exception of Rothbard."[21][22] Rothbard writes in Power and Market that the role of the economist in a free market is limited but is much larger in a government that solicits economic policy recommendations. all of which are patently false. this was the reason for Rothbard's opposition to aggressive foreign policy. and the concept continued to be called "equilibrium analysis. In the words of Hans-Hermann Hoppe. During this period.[23][24] In 1975. Anarcho-capitalism would mean the end of the state monopoly on force. and Robert Michels to build a model of state personnel.(pp12-13) Rothbard began to consider himself a private property anarchist in the 1950s and later began to use "anarcho-capitalist". "binary intervention". discussed his view of Rothbard's work as a monetary economist: "Rothbard was mediocre to bad. Rothbard's typology "eliminates the gaps and inconsistencies that appear in Mises's original formulation. Two essays expanded on these views "War." Rothbard used insights of Vilfredo Pareto. Gaetano Mosca. which is forced exchange between individuals and the state. Rothbard argues that self-interest therefore prejudices the views of many economists in favor of increased government intervention. and State Rothbard divides the various kinds of state intervention in three categories: "autistic intervention".

a permanent system of conscription. He suggested parents have the right to put a child out for adoption or even sell the rights to the child in a voluntary contract. These include support for a woman's right to abortion. and loot” from the state. Martin of the Institute for Historical Review. an overweening military-industrial complex. and to present to the public the true history". "the parent should not have a legal obligation to feed. 141)[30] Rothbard wrote that these mainstream intellectuals distorted the historical record in favor of “the state” in exchange for “power.[33] Children's rights and parental obligations In the Ethics of Liberty. "the existence of a free baby market will bring such 'neglect' down to a minimum". Rothbard stated that parents should have the legal right to let any infant die by starvation. and promoted him as an influence for revisionists. like libertarians associated with the Ludwig von Mises Institute. the view which "specifically denies that the Holocaust actually happened or holds that it was in some way exaggerated"." Rothbard warned that the mid-East conflict would draw the U. involvement in the Middle East. The piece also characterized "Rothbard and his faction" as being "culpably indulgent" of Holocaust Denial." Rothbard states that Israel refused "to let these refugees return and reclaim the property taken from them. Williamson wrote an opinion piece published by National Review which condemned Rothbard for "making common cause with the 'revisionist' historians of the Third Reich".[28] In his essay.[33] Rothbard's endorsing of World War II revisionism and his association with revisionist historians have drawn criticism from within the political right. indoctrination and mythologies promoted to a gullible public. such as James J. held that historical revisionism is related to freedom of speech. argues that Rothbard allows "the logical elegance of his legal theory" to "trump any arguments based on the moral reprehensibility of a parent idly watching her six-month-old child slowly starve to death in its crib. clothe.Murray Rothbard Our entry into World War II was the crucial act in foisting a permanent militarization upon the economy and society. which he feels is more humane than artificial governmental restriction of the number of children available to willing and often superior parents.S." He criticizes the ." Thus. or educate his children.[30][31][32] Rothbard endorsed Barnes's revisionism on World War II and the Cold War. condemnation of parents showing aggression towards children. prestige. a system of state-monopoly capitalism run by the central government in collaboration with Big Business and Big Unionism. He also holds children have the right to run away from parents and seek new guardians as soon as they are able to choose to do so.[34][35] In Rothbard's view of parenthood. he wrote.S. Rothbard. "War Guilt in the Middle East. Rothbard explores issues regarding children's rights in terms of self-ownership and contract.Wikipedia:No original research#Synthesis of published material that advances a position Rothbard's The Libertarian Forum blamed the Middle East conflict on "Israeli aggression".Wikipedia:Citing sources Rothbard characterized the revisionist task as "penetrating the fog of lies and deception of the State and its Court Intellectuals. In a fully libertarian society. a term he used to describe American Holocaust Deniers associated with Rothbard. since such obligations would entail positive acts coerced upon the parent and depriving the parent of his rights. Rothbard personally denounced the Camp David Accords for having betrayed Palestinian aspirations and opposed Israel's 1982 invasion of Lebanon. according to Rothbard. formerly a scholar at the Rothbard-affiliated Mises Institute. into a world war. It was the crucial act in creating a mixed economy run by Big Government. "fueled by American arms and money. "the purely free society will have a flourishing free market in children". in bringing to the country a permanent garrison state. 62."[29] 6 Historical revisionism Rothbard embraced “historical revisionism” as an antidote to what he perceived to be the dominant influence exerted by corrupt “court intellectuals” over mainstream historical narratives. especially those with severe health problems.(pp15. He was strongly anti-Zionist and also opposed U. Kevin D. Economist Gene Callahan of Cardiff University. and opposition to the state forcing parents to care for children. He was influenced by and a champion of Harry Elmer Barnes. truth and rationality as opposed to propaganda. However.

should be a "litmus test" for members of his "paleolibertarian" political movement. "Equality is not in the natural order of things. He wrote that "while neocons and liberals want the planners and national statists to sort. paleos want no government subsidizers or controllers. brown or white. He also advocated that the police "clear the streets of bums and vagrants".. "At the heart of the egalitarian left is the pathological belief that there is no structure of reality. with no massive “foreign aid” from the U. that police beat and torture a suspected murderer to find information (not to wring a confession. Rothbard wrote that "the Negro Revolution has some elements that a libertarian must favor."[39] According to Rothbard biographer Justin Raimondo. in that case."[43] Turning his attention to suspects arrested by the police. he regarded the study of similarities and differences between different ethnic groups — what he termed "racialist science" — as "an operation in defense of private property against assaults by aggressors. he ultimately rejected the vision of a "separate black nation".[36]Wikipedia:Verifiability 7 Anti-egalitarianism The title essay of Rothbard's 1974 book Egalitarianism as a Revolt Against Nature and Other Essays held. after decades of neoconservative and liberal statists' suppression of academic research on racial difference in intelligence. Paleos believe in Liberty. paleos believe in the rights of person and property. paleos are very different. Malcolm X "acted white" through use of his intellect and wit. subsidize. But while he compared Malcolm X's black nationalism favorably to King's integrationism. and provided that the police are treated as themselves criminal if the suspect is not proven guilty." Rothbard also urged the (state) police to crackdown on "street criminals". black. Paleos want Big Government off all of our backs. In 1994."[37] In it. Rothbard wrote. and control. Rothbard considered black separatist Malcolm X to be a "great black leader” and integrationist Martin Luther King to be favored by whites because he “was the major restraining force on the developing Negro revolution. be we smart or dumb. for example.A. Rothbard states that "We may qualify this discussion in one important sense: police may use such coercive methods provided that the suspect turns out to be guilty." Torture of criminal suspects In The Ethics of Liberty. and treated it as if it were the only valid concern". stating that. and quipped "Who cares?" in response to the question of where these people would go after being removed from public property." [42] As a means to this end. New Africa would be content to strike out on its own.Murray Rothbard absolutism of Rothbard's system. Rothbard seeks to derive an "inclusive and deductively correct legal order from a minimal set of rationally justified principles. in contrast to the "fraudulent intellectual with a rococo Black Baptist minister style. writing that "cops must be unleashed" and "and allowed to administer instant punishment. subject of course to liability when they are in error".?"[40] Rothbard also suggested that opposition to King. whom he demeaned as a "coercive integrationist". Herrnstein and Charles Murray's book The Bell Curve. Thus.[41] Rothbard later called for the elimination of "the entire 'civil rights' structure" stating that it "tramples on the property rights of every American. stating "does anyone really believe that . Rothbard stated that Herrnstein-Murray book's marked a new willingness to discuss issues of race. Rothbard wrote about Richard J. the rule of no force against non-criminals would still apply. that of property rights. Rothbard believed that this purported suppression served the goal of those who use the state to enforce egalitarian objectives."Wikipedia:Citing sources Rothbard again wrote fondly of Malcolm X in 1993. and "racialist science" In a 1963 article.” King". the libertarian opposes compulsory segregation and police brutality."[38] Race. that all the world is a tabula rasa that can be changed at any moment in any desired direction by the mere exercise of human will.. Suppose. but also opposes compulsory integration and such absurdities as ethnic quota systems in jobs. for which they need scientific data such as intelligence as guides. civil rights. and the crusade to make everyone equal in every respect (except before the law) is certain to have disastrous consequences. For. since obviously a . arguing that Rothbard has "taken a valid concern in political reflection. “Dr. others that he must oppose.S.

otherwise they are the criminals." Rothbard described the moral basis for his anarcho-capitalist position in two of his books: For a New Liberty." and "not merely the greatest novel ever written. Rothbard lampooned Rand's circle in his play Mozart Was a Red and essay. that her ideas were not as original as she proclaimed but similar to those of Aristotle. and The Ethics of Liberty.Wikipedia:Verifiability 8 Skepticism of evolution and scientism In the course of defending Ron Paul from Andrew Sullivan's criticism of Paul's "evolution denial. are not determined by prior causes but by "free will"." Gene Callahan examines this position and concludes that Rothbard gives no consideration to the widely held belief that torture is inherently wrong. history. in all cases. it is one of the very greatest books ever written. fiction or nonfiction. among other things. every man has equal liberty.[44] In an essay condemning "scientism in the study of man"."(p184)[47][48] ." Rothbard opposed what he considered the overspecialization of the academy and sought to fuse the disciplines of economics. He soon parted from her. special licenses to commit crime. like Paul. published in 1973. but soon broke with Rand over various differences. arguing that the actions of human beings. Later. Rothbard. including his defense of anarchism. Rothbard describes how a stateless economy might function. in a libertarian world. Rothbard wrote a "fan letter" to Rand. then the police should be exonerated. Callahan goes on to state that Rothbard's scheme gives the police a strong motive to frame the suspect. Rothbard "had doubts about the official church of Darwinism". But if the suspect is not convicted." Rothbard's longtime friend and confidante Lew Rockwell noted that. if they commit an act of invasion against someone. Rothbard rejected the application of causal determinism to human beings." He also wrote that "you introduced me to the whole field of natural rights and natural law philosophy. that someone had better turn out to deserve it. and political science to create a "science of liberty. Atlas Shrugged. including George Reisman and Ralph Raico. equal rights under the libertarian law. after the publication of her novel. Views on Objectivism In 1954." prompting him to learn "the glorious natural rights tradition. his rights had already been forfeited by more than that extent.Murray Rothbard coerced confession could never be considered valid). must take their chances like anyone else. the founder of Objectivism.[45] He argued that "determinism as applied to man. in a libertarian society. as opposed to those of everything else in nature. associated with novelist Ayn Rand. published in 1982. along with several other students of Ludwig von Mises. since the man who employs it relies implicitly on the existence of free will. "The Sociology of the Ayn Rand Cult.(pp109–114) In 1958. no matter who the victim. for then they have only ladled out to the murderer a parcel of what he deserves in return. 182)[46] He rejoined her circle for a few months. after having tortured her. In his Power and Market (1970). is a self-contradictory thesis. police must be treated in precisely the same way as anyone else. That means that police. ethics. Thomas Aquinas and Herbert Spencer."(pp121. calling her book "an infinite treasure house. In short. 132–134)(pp145. then that means that the police have beaten and tortured an innocent man. There can be no special immunities. and that they in turn must be put into the dock for criminal assault. If the suspect turns out to be guilty. writing.

According to Reason. he believed that libertarians should adopt any non-immoral tactic available to them in order to bring about liberty. and the publication. "Rothbard worked closely with Lew Rockwell (joined later by his long-time friend Burt Blumert) in nurturing the Ludwig von Mises Institute. Rothbard criticized the "frenzied nihilism" of left-wing libertarians.Murray Rothbard 9 Political activism As a young man. Senator Joseph McCarthy were models for an "Outreach to the Rednecks" effort that could be used . which after Rothbard’s 1995 death evolved into the website. an ideology Rothbard embraced." Paleolibertarianism In 1989. Rothbard. so staunchly did he believe in states’ rights. who ran for President on the Libertarian Party ticket in 1988. on the grounds that the conservative movement Llewellyn Rockwell had been completely subsumed by the statist establishment." By the late 1960s. "Rothbard and Crane became bitter rivals after disputes emerging from the 1980 LP presidential campaign of Ed Clark carried over to strategic direction and management of Cato. In the 1948 presidential election. but also criticized right-wing libertarians who were content to rely only on education to bring down the state. Rothbard's "long and winding yet somehow consistent road had taken him from anti-New Deal and anti-interventionist Robert Taft supporter into friendship with the quasi-pacifist Nebraska Republican Congressman Howard Buffett (father of Warren Buffett) then over to the League of (Adlai) Stevensonian Democrats and. Rothbard left the Libertarian Party and began building bridges to the post-Cold War anti-interventionist right. He was frequently involved in the party's internal politics. According to Charles Burris." From 1978 to 1983. a powerful series of British newspaper essays by John Trenchard and Thomas Gordon which played a decisive influence upon America's Founding Fathers in fomenting the Revolution. into tentative comradeship with the anarchist factions of the New Left. he was associated with the Libertarian Party Radical Caucus. allying himself with Justin an anti-statist and anti-interventionist branch of the Republican Party. From 1969 to 1984 he edited The Libertarian Forum. Rothbard considered himself part of the Old Right. "as a Jewish student at Columbia. Eric Garris and Williamson Evers. He opposed the "low-tax liberalism" espoused by 1980 Libertarian Party presidential candidate Ed Clark and Cato Institute president Edward H Crane III." Rothbard advocated an alliance with the New Left anti-war movement. also initially with Hess (although Hess's involvement ended in 1971). It was during this phase that he associated with Karl Hess and founded Left and Right: A Journal of Libertarian Thought with Leonard Liggio and George Resch." Rothbard split with the Radical Caucus at the 1983 national convention over cultural issues and aligned himself with what he called the "right-wing populist" wing of the party."[50] In 1992 Rothbard argued that white nationalist and former Ku Klux Klan Grand Wizard David Duke had won a majority of the white vote in a losing gubernatorial election in Louisiana by running as a "right-wing populist". Rothbard later criticized the New Left for supporting a "People's Republic" style draft. by 1968. Rothbard advocated right-wing populism in part because he was frustrated that mainstream thinkers were not adopting the libertarian view and suggested that Duke and former Wisconsin U. which existed from 1965 to 1968.[49] He supported the presidential campaign of Pat Buchanan in 1992. we shall break the clock of social democracy.S. and wrote that "with Pat Buchanan as our leader. calling himself a paleolibertarian. During the 1970s and 1980s. He was one of the founders of the Cato Institute. The Rothbard-Rockwell Report. Rothbard was active in the Libertarian Party. horrified his peers by organizing a Students for Strom Thurmond chapter. However. and "came up with the idea of naming this libertarian think tank after Cato’s Letters. LewRockwell. notably Lew Rockwell and Ron Paul.

Libertarian Review Press. wrote a critical obituary in the National Review criticizing Rothbard's "defective judgment" and views on the Cold War. William F.[54] Journalist Brian Doherty summarizes Buckley's obituary as follows: "when Rothbard died in 1995. Columbia University Press. attacking affirmative action and racial set-asides. Mises Institute.[51] However. 1983. D.. After Rothbard's death in 1995 Llewellyn Rockwell.Murray Rothbard by a broad libertarian/paleoconservative coalition. a sense of dynamics and of open possibilities to what had threatened to be a dreary race. 2007. Buckley wrote. ISBN 0-945466-26-9 • The Logic of Action (2 vol. Full text reprint [64] as Economic Controversies. Mises Institute. ISBN 0-945466-30-7 • For a New Liberty: The Libertarian Manifesto. Van Nostrand Co. Full text reprint [57]. Full text reprint [55] of second edition (Scholar's Edition). Mises Institute. Richardson and Snyder. 2004. his old pal William Buckley took pen in hand to piss on his grave. Second edition.). Rothbard described "right wing populism" as opposition to a "statist world dominated by a ruling elite. Mises Institute. President of the von Mises Institute. dismantling the bureaucracy. 2004. 1970. Mises Institute. ISBN 0-8147-7506-3 • The Mystery of Banking. Buckley. fifth edition. not as the father of a swelling movement…but with about as many disciples as David Koresh had in his little redoubt in Waco. In discussing what he called the "hysteria" against Duke. 2012. reattached to Man. Mises Institute. Full text reprint [61]. Dutton. ISBN 1-933550-08-2. 1998. • Conceived in Liberty. In Memoriam which included memorials from 31 individuals. 1974. Full text reprint [56]. ISBN 0-945466-47-1) • The Essential von Mises. David Koresh believed in God. leaving him. whom he noted was newly converted to Christianity. Rothbard. and various influential special interest groups". who Rothbard wrote had "brought an excitement. and State [58]. 2005. • America's Great Depression. Murray Rothbard believed in freedom. Mises Institute. including libertarians and academics. including whites. Full text reprint. ISBN 0-945466-23-4. Van Nostrand Co. Mises Institute. spent his life “huffing and puffing in the little cloister whose walls he labored so strenuously to contract. Rothbard. calling for equal rights for all Americans. lower taxes. later he became disillusioned with Buchanan. ISBN 0-945466-30-7 • The Panic of 1819: Reactions and Policies. a verve." Like Buchanan. Big Business. consisting of a coalition of Big Government. D. Arlington House Publishers 1975–1979. Full text reprint [65]/Audio Book [66]. 1973. 1982. 1997. 2000. Yes. Economy. ISBN 978-1105528781 . ISBN 1-85898-015-1 and ISBN 1-85898-570-6. told The New York Times that Rothbard was "the founder of right-wing anarchism". Mises Institute. in the end. Sheed Andrews and McMeel. Jr. "Bramble Minibook". 1978. 1988 • Egalitarianism as a Revolt Against Nature and Other Essays. (4 vol. June 1962. Humanities Press. Mises Institute.. and yes."[52] Rothbard then shifted his interest and support to Ross Perot. 2004. 1973. 2011 • The Ethics of Liberty.” 10 Bibliography Books • Man. slashing the welfare system. and State. Mises Institute.(pp3–4) The von Mises Institute published Murray N."[53] Rothbard ultimately supported George Bush over Bill Clinton in the 1992 election. Economy. Full text reprint [59]/Audio book [60]. ISBN 0-945466-05-6 • Power and Market: Government and the Economy. Edward Elgar Pub. Rothbard also argued that there was "nothing" in Duke's political program that "could not also be embraced by paleoconservatives or paleo-libertarians. Full text collected in single volume [63]. Full text reprint [67]. believing that the latter's "commitment to protectionism was mutating into an all-round faith in economic planning and the nation state. Rothbard opposed the North American Free Trade Agreement (NAFTA). Collier Books. 1973. 1962.). Full text reprint [62] . New York University Press.

LewRockwell.). Rothbard vs. (2 vol. Llewellyn H. ISBN 0-945466-48-X.). Mises Institute. Yeager (editor). ISBN 0-945466-22-6 • Individualism and the Philosophy of the Social Sciences. br/ books?id=_ZATAAAAQBAJ& pg=PT58& lpg=PT58& dq=Rothbard+ influenced+ Nozick& source=bl& ots=PqfUazOpNZ& sig=ui-tqqxk_rcmkwKyBXeeU4q9ebs& hl=pt-BR& sa=X& . Edward Elgar Pub. 1963. 1979. 2 [70]. Mises Institute. com. etc. Arno Press (The New York Times Company). ISBN 0405004265. (includes essays by Rothbard. "Free Market" [81]. 2002. Murray N. if knows any. Pine Tree Press. Michigan. Joseph T. 1995. Full text reprint [76] . 1995. ISBN 978-1-933550-46-6." Murray Rothbard (Major Conservative & Libertarian Thinkers) . ISBN 1-883959-02-0 • Salerno. In Search of a Monetary Constitution. 1984. 1 [69] and Vol. 1962. Jr. ISBN 0-945466-17-X • An Austrian Perspective on the History of Economic Thought. The Philosophers: Unpublished Writings on Hayek. Mises. (editor).). ISBN 978-1-933550-13-8. World Market Perspective. Harvard University Press. Indianapolis: Library of Economics and Liberty. Mises Institute.. 2009 • Making Economic Sense. ISBN 0-932790-03-8 Articles/Essays • Left and Right.Murray Rothbard • The Case Against the Fed. Murray (editor). Full text reprint [72] Monographs • The Case for the 100 Percent Gold Dollar. In David R. Mises Institute information page [79] • Ebeling. A History of Money and Banking in the United States.. Full text reprint [85] at LewRockwell. Friedrich Hayek. 2006. Center for Libertarian Studies.. 2007 • Wall Street. Leonard Liggio. Cato Institute. 2009 • ——— (2008). Full text reprints Vo1. Full text reprint [80]. 2011 • Education: Free and Compulsory. Full text reprint [77]. ISBN 0-945466-34-X. Full text reprint [73]/Audio Book [74] • What Has Government Done to Our Money?. introduction by Friedrich Hayek. 2009. 1999. Mises Institute. ISBN 0-945466-21-8. (includes also essays by Ludwig von Mises.). Selected Essays 1954–65. Ask the average philosopher for an example of a libertarian thinker and.. The Irrepressible Rothbard: The Rothbard-Rockwell Report Essays of Murray N. ISBN 1-933550-02-3 • Modugno. Mises Institute. Mises Institute. 1972. Richard M. Mises Institute. Collections • Rockwell. 1994. (editor). and Polanyi. 2000. Mises Institute publication of 1970s unpublished work. Full text reprint [68]. Rothbard's most significant influence on contemporary academic discussions of political thought has been uncharacteristically indirect. Ludwig von Mises Institute. 1980. 1969. Center for Independent Education. Full text reprint updated 7/15/2011 version [71] 11 • The Betrayal of the American Right. Banks. Henderson (ed. and American Foreign Policy. ISBN 0-945466-44-7 • Economic Depressions: Causes and Cures. 1972. Audio book [74]. The Complete Libertarian Forum (1969–84. Mises Institute. 2007. Roberta A. 2007. ISBN 0-945466-33-1. Concise Encyclopedia of Economics (2nd ed. published separately by Mises Institute. 2005. Strauss.).com. The Austrian Theory of the Trade Cycle and Other Essays. and his direct if mediated influence on many others by means of his scholarly and popular publications. Mises Institute. originally published in Leland B. ISBN 0-945466-18-8. Mises Institute. Full text reprint [78]. OCLC 237794267 [82]. the chances are that it will be Robert Nozick. Second edition. (Rothbard writings). 2 vol. google. Gottfried Haberler. Constitutional Alliance of Full tex reprint [84] • Rothbard. 1996. (2009).Gerard Casey (http:/ / books. (editor). Full text reprint [86] Notes [1] Sources that identify Rothbard as an influence on Robert Nozick: • "Despite Rothbard's direct and immediate personal influence on many central figures in contemporary libertarianism. Rothbard [83]. ISBN 978-0865976658. Mises Institute. 1991. Mises Institute 2005. Full text reprint [75].

89 (http:/ / books. google. p. p. Holcombe. Desert and the Market. Klein. among other things: • David Boaz. Murray (August 1994). political theorist. pp. 2007. and the William Volker Charities Fund". Routledge UK. Conservatism. p. 171–198. [12] Peter G. New York Oxford University Press (US). Boaz describes Rothbard as: "a professional economist and also a movement builder". The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism (http:/ / books.. lewrockwell. google. Hunn. Rothbard. first published in Chronicles [9] French. org/ story/ 2318). org/ rothbard/ mes/ chap14. Edited by Mark Skousen. Ludwig Von Mises Institute. and Utopia. Quote: "an economist of the Austrian school" • Ronald Hamowy.Murray Rothbard ei=I5RJUv2_Afan4APgyYGICw& ved=0CFUQ6AEwAw#v=onepage& q=Rothbard influenced Nozick& f=false) “It was a long conversation about six years ago with Murray Rothbard that stimulated my interest in individualist anarchist theory. SAGE. Cato Institute. com/ books?id=hrS-xhUGKHIC& pg=PA54& dq=Professor+ of+ economics+ brooklyn+ murray+ rothbard& hl=en& sa=X& ei=bKj2UfiQNLOj4AOJyYGgCg& ved=0CEAQ6AEwAQ#v=onepage& q=Professor of economics brooklyn murray rothbard& f=false). 43 [15] Olsaretti. 1997. google. p. and movement-builder. 75 (http:/ / books. 2004. Doug (2010-12-27) Burns Diary Exposes the Myth of Fed Independence (http:/ / mises. Dyamics of the Mixed Economy: Toward a Theory of Interventionism. 91 [16] In Defense of “Extreme Apriorism” Murray N. 2012. Missouri Historical Review 105 (4): 191–212. Princeton. and like that of Mises at NYU.J. org/ document/ 5777/ Strictly-Confidential-The-Private-Volker-Fund-Memos-of-Murray-N-Rothbard) Quote from Rothbard: "The Volker Fund concept was to find and grant research funds to hosts of libertarian and right-wing scholars and to draw these scholars together via seminars. The Fortunes of Liberalism: Essays on Austrian Economics and the Ideal of Freedom. etc. H. pdf). 11. originally published in Dissent on Keynes: A Critical Appraisal of Keynesian Economics. Van Nostrand. 1992. com/ books?isbn=1412965802). State. The Politically Incorrect Guide to Socialism. Curtis M. [3] First published in The Cato Journal. 2006. lewrockwell. Rothbard Southern Economic Journal. January 1957. 290. Economy and State. Murray. Eugene Heathe. ISBN 1596981741 Quote: "the Austrian economist Murray Rothbard". 365. pp. org/ resources/ 5223/ Keynes-the-Man). and A. On Freedom and Free Enterprise: Essays in Honor of Ludwig von Mises. Mises Institute [10] David Gordon. The Great Society: A Libertarian Critique (http:/ / www. Smith. org/ journals/ scholar/ roberta. originally published at Encyclopedia Britannicablog. Strategy as Action: Competitive Dynamics and Competitive Advantage. 458 describe Rothbard as an "Austrian economist" • Kevin D. his own at the University of Nevada at Las Vegas was established by an admiring benefactor. [22] Rothbard. N." Anarchy. ed. "Why Intellectuals Still Support Socialism" (http:/ / www. The Noble Task of Revisionism (http:/ / www. LewRockwell. 2010. ISBN 0226321169 [13] Quote: "Only after several decades of teaching at the Polytechnic Institute of New York did Rothbard obtain an endowed chair. Murray. 2010. (editor).. Liberty." Review of Political Economy. Full text reprint (http:/ / mises. P. reprinted at Cato Institute website. Hayek." [11] McVicar. html) Rothbard. Austrian economist. SAGE. com/ rothbard/ rothbard37. Quote: "the American economist Murray Rothbard" • F. com/ rothbard/ rothbard53. A. com/ rothbard/ rothbard45. 314-320 [17] Matthews. Williamson. Rothbard. Lee. Editor. mises. ISBN 1412965802 Quotes: p. [21] Ikeda. Fall 1981. org/ publications/ commentary/ libertarianism-struggle-ahead). asp) from Man. New York: Praeger. 2007. Strictly Confidential: The Private Volker Fund Memos of Murray N. [4] Rothbard. November 15. google. Ortmann (July 2002) "An Austrian (mis)reads Adam Smith: A Critique of Rothbard as Intellectual Historian. Murray. com/ rothbard/ rothbard40. F. 14 (3) [18] Keynes the Man (http:/ / mises. April 25. p. Chapter 2 "Fundamentals of Intervention" (http:/ / mises. com/ books?id=5m9yq0Eu-vsC& pg=PT159& dq=Encyclopedia+ of+ Business+ Ethics+ and+ Society+ Rothbard& hl=en& sa=X& ei=nOLMUfD7Fc-04AObzoGwAQ& ved=0CC8Q6AEwAA). University of Chicago Press. pp. (July 2011). Ludwig von Mises Institute. Cambridge University Press. 224–62 [20] Roberta Modugno Crocetta. 62 calls Rothbard "a leading economist of the Austrian school". 2006 • 12 .: D. Sanford. Murray Rothbard's anarcho-capitalism in the contemporary debate. XV [2] The following sources identify Rothbard as an economist. [23] Peter G. Regnery Publishing. Encyclopedia of Business Ethics and Society. Ludwig von Mises Institute. Klein. lewrockwell. p. Serena. Libertarianism – The Struggle Ahead (http:/ / www. Michael J. Editor. Online edition at The Ludwig von Mises Institute [19] Mary Sennholz. html). 2008. philosopher. cato. edited by Randall G. html) Reprinted from 15 Great Austrian Economists. org/ daily/ 4919/ Burns-Diary-Exposes-the-Myth-of-Fed-Independence). Life in the Old Right (http:/ / www. com/ books?id=DDO2mhhFYVsC& pg=PA75& dq="Austrian+ Economist"+ Murray+ Rothbard& hl=en& sa=X& ei=yiCqUcH_JM3C4AP2wYC4Dg& ved=0CHgQ6AEwDQ#v=onepage& q="Austrian Economist" Murray Rothbard& f=false). Ken G." [14] Grimm. Murray. A critical defense (http:/ / mises. lewrockwell. conferences. "Aggressive Philanthropy: Progressivism. 245. html) [5] [6] [7] [8] Rothbard. 1956. pp. • Quote: "economist and philosopher Murray Rothbard" • David Miller. Blackwell Encyclopaedia of Political Thought. 54 (http:/ / books. The Fallacy of the 'Public Sector' (http:/ / www.

com/ stromberg/ ?articleid=4420)). ISBN 978-1858980157 [46] "Mises and Rothbard Letters to Ayn Rand" (http:/ / mises. [42] Rothbard. [33] Rothbard." (http:/ / www. com/ rothbard/ ir/ Ch16." (http:/ / archive. org/ rothbard/ first published [45] Rothbard. N." (http:/ / www. html). 4 (Winter 2007): 11–16. com/ lrc-blog/ ron-pauls-evolution-denial/ ) LewRockwell. Journal of Libertarian Studies. php?title=2136& chapter=195367& layout=html& Itemid=27). Greenwood Publishing Group." [35] See also: Hamowy. "Ron Paul's 'Evolution Denial'?" (http:/ / www. lewrockwell. com/ books?id=Ioakmq8yxA4C& pg=PA372& dq=Murray+ Rothbard+ nonintervention+ foreign+ policy& hl=en& sa=X& ei=0HT4UbrPAsKCyAHn44HIAg& ved=0CGQQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage& q=Murray Rothbard nonintervention foreign policy& f=false)." (http:/ / www. and State. org/ rothbard/ mantle. Volume 3.. (February 1993). and the Division of Labor. 13 . lewrockwell. editors. Leef. mises. 1999. Peace. (Princeton. 2011 p 2310 (http:/ / books. pdf+ html). "Anatomy of the State" (http:/ / Murray (2003). [47] Murray Rothbard play Mozart was a Red (http:/ / www. com/ 1970/ 01/ murray-n-rothbard/ their-malcolm-and-mine/ ) LewRockwell. Murray (Autumn 1967). The Freeman. 2007). org/ rothbard/ mes/ chap19. Antiwar. 3 No. The Logic of Action One: Method. asp). Leonardo Morlino. com/ booksid=Ioakmq8yxA4C& pg=PA372& dq=Murray+ Rothbard+ nonintervention+ foreign+ policy& hl=en& sa=X& ei=0HT4UbrPAsKCyAHn44HIAg& ved=0CGQQ6AEwCQ#v=onepage& q=Murray Rothbard nonintervention foreign policy& f=false) [26] Joseph R. . Murray (February. and Economics. War. org/ journals/ lar/ pdfs/ 3_3/ 3_3_4. org/ daily/ 3007). "Big Government Libertarianism" (http:/ / www. William Henry Longton. html) [49] Rothbard. [50] First published in The Rothbard-Rockwell Report. and Peace: Part I" (http:/ / antiwar. and the State" (http:/ / www.Murray Rothbard [24] Man. 3 ( cited here (http:/ / mises. asp). Inequality. Helmut Schoeck and James W. "War Guilt in the Middle East" (http:/ / mises. lewrockwell. Politics. Left and Right. [37] George C. Chapter "The Libertarian Forum". . pdf). pdf). [39] Rothbard. sagepub. editors. "Book Review of Egalitarianism as a Revolt Against Nature and Other Essays by Murray Rothbard". and the Austrian School (Cheltenham UK: Edward Elgar. lewrockwell. the 1991 introduction to republication of Freedom. "Revisionism" entry. html). 1976). early 1960s. LewRockwell. Gene (2013). Chapter 7 – Conclusion: Economics and Public Policy (http:/ / www. 2008. com/ 1970/ 01/ murray-n-rothbard/ cold-war-myths/ ) [34] The Ethics of Liberty (http:/ / mises. "Murray Rothbard on States. Jr (December 29. Primitivism. p. Volume 21. com/ rothbard/ ir/ Ch75. first published 1974. Murray (November. com/ books?id=t0JZp-jrotQC& pg=PA2310& dq=Murray+ rothbard+ historical+ revisionism& hl=en& sa=X& ei=qmH8UdTYFNS34APin4B4& ved=0CHcQ6AEwDQ#v=onepage& q=Murray rothbard historical revisionism& f=false). lewrockwell. ISBN 978-1-4129-6580-4 [36] Callahan.. com/ rothbard/ rothbard23. Murray.J. originally published June 2000.) [30] Rothbard. Ludwig Von Mises Institute. Editors. July 2001. Ludwig Von Mises Institute. 48–67. full. html). Ronald (2008) The Encyclopedia of Libertarianism (http:/ / books. 12 (1). google. the dean of world war revisionism". Wiggins. Greenwood Publishing Group. "The Sociology of the Ayn Rand Cult. ISBN 0313213909. org/ rothbard/ ethics/ fourteen. 48–67. Lew Rockwell. com/ rothbard/ rothbard62. Economy. lewrockwell. asp) Reprinted from Scientism and Values. eds. html). January 1992. "Egalitarianism as a Revolt Against Nature and Other Essays" (http:/ / www. html) LewRockwell. Llewellyn H. Murray (1972). 1997). 372 (http:/ / books. google. "Liberty versus libertarianism" (http:/ / ppe. "Their Malcolm . "Race! That Murray Book" (http:/ / www. com/ rothbard/ ir/ Ch16. org/ daily/ 1541/ ) Mises. lewrockwell. asp). full. Stromberg. New Individualist Review. [28] Ronald Lora. Number 1. Gene (2013). ISBN 1412959632 [32] Raimondo describes Rothbard as a "champion of Henry Elmer Barnes. Cato Institute. No. html). Chapter "The Libertarian Forum". com/ books?id=yxNgXs3TkJYC). 59–61. Murray (1960). [44] Rockwell. org/ departments/ book-review-egalitarianism-as-a-revolt-against-nature-and-other-essays-by-murray-rothbard-edited-by-david-gordon/ #). google. The Conservative Press in Twentieth-Century America. Chapter 14 "Children and Rights. International Encyclopedia of Political Science. pp. org/ ?option=com_staticxt& staticfile=show. com/ stromberg/ ?articleid=4296) (also see Part II (http:/ / www. 159–180. and Mine. org/ journals/ jls/ 21_4/ 21_4_3. antiwar. sagepub. edited by David Gordon (2000 edition) (http:/ / www. thefreemanonline. Van Nostrand). 3–23. [40] Rothbard. [27] See both essays: Rothbard. com/ content/ 12/ 1/ 48. 372 (http:/ / books. pp. [25] Ronald Lora. Murray (1968). html). 1999. com/ rothbard/ mozart. . 12 (1). "War. essay published in full at Lewrockwell.: D. google. "Liberty versus libertarianism" (http:/ / ppe. See also Rothbard's essay "The Struggle Over Egalitarianism Continues" (http:/ / mises. Murray (November 1994). Murray (Summer 1963).com [43] Callahan. . [31] Bertrand Badie. com/ rothbard/ rothbard26. libertyfund. ISBN 978-0405004360 . [48] Rothbard. Philosophy. lewrockwell. at LewRockwell. The Conservative Press in Twentieth-Century America. lewrockwell." (http:/ / mises. 1994). "The Mantle of Science. Philosophy & Economics. com/ content/ 12/ 1/ [41] Rothbard. "The Case for Revisionism. lewrockwell. 1960. SAGE. William Henry Longton. Murray N. [38] Rothbard. "The Negro Revolution" (http:/ / oll. Vol. Murray (December 1994). "Harry Elmer Barnes as Revisionist of the Cold War. ISBN 1-4129-6580-2. pdf+ html). Politics. Dirk Berg-Schlosser. com/ rothbard/ rothbard31. Volume 1. "Big-Government Libertarians." (http:/ / mises. SAGE. [29] Rothbard.

Public Choice 14: 143–53. org/ media. Charley (1993-10-14) "The U. worldcat.pdf). lewrockwell. ISSN  0078-0979 (http://www. org/ resources/ 196/ Power-and-Market-Government-and-the-Economy [59] http:/ / www. mises. Rothbard.1007/BF01718450). org/ story/ 1829 [74] http:/ / www. Standard Of Living Will Decline If Nafta Is Approved" (http:/ / articles. edited by Llewellyn H. org/ rothbard/ ethics/ ethics. org/ oclc/ 237794267 [83] http:/ / [53] Rothbard. "Economists and Liberty: Murray N. 2002. published by Ludwig von Mises Institute. org/ books/ memoriam. OCLC  1760419 (http://www. org/ document/ 3081 [62] http:/ / mises. aspx?action=category& ID=95 [67] http:/ / mises. com/ rockwell/ paleoism. Jr. org/ document/ 3985/ Economic-Thought-Before-Adam-Smith-An-Austrian-Perspective-on-the-History-of-Economic-Thought-Volume-I [70] http:/ / mises. lewrockwell. "What I Learned From Paleoism" (http:/ / www.1995. H. aspx?Id=7984 [80] http:/ / mises. org/ document/ 3147 [63] http:/ / mises. LewRockwell. mises.rothbard. org/ document/ 1022 [85] http:/ / www. Preface by JoAnn org/ document/ 3316/ [73] http:/ / www. com/ rothbard/ lf/ lib-forum-contents. ISBN 1-58648-350-1 • Frech. org/ media. Kinsella and Epstein" (http://mises. asp [66] http:/ / www. 49–50. html [82] http:/ / www. econlib. Gordon. com/ rothbard/ ir/ Contents. org/ money. latimes. Barnett. SSRN  1889456 (http://ssrn. org/ book.1007/BF01718450 (http://dx. com/ 1992-06-01/ local/ me-286_1_ross-perot). mises. html [86] http:/ / mises. Rothbard.pdf). • Doherty. mises.S. (1973). Radicals for Capitalism: A Freewheeling History of the Modern American Libertarian Brian (2007).worldcat. pdf). Journal of Libertarian Studies 17 (2). JSTOR  30022711 (http:// www. org/ document/ 899/ Making-Economic-Sense [72] http:/ / mises. doi: 10. com/ 1993-10-14/ news/ 9310130757_1_nafta-mexico-illegal-immigration). aspx?action=category& ID=92 [75] http:/ / www. a modern anarchist". org/ tradcycl. org/ document/ 3006/ Conceived-in-Liberty [64] http:/ / mises. org/ resources/ 695/ The-Panic-of-1819-Reactions-and-Policies [57] http:/ / www. mises. asp [58] http:/ / mises. orlandosentinel. • Block. org/ document/ 3430/ [69] http:/ / mises. org/ library/ Enc/ FreeMarket. mises.jstor. Rockwell. mises. org/ resources/ 2689 [79] http:/ / mises. asp [81] http:/ / www. In Memoriam (http:/ / mises. org/ resources/ 1223/ Wall-Street-Banks-and-American-Foreign-Policy [78] http:/ / mises.Murray Rothbard [51] Reese. Rothbard" (http://www. Orlando Sentinel [52] Lew "The public choice theory of Murray N. Walter E. Smith. html). mises. [55] http:/ / www. (Spring 2003). asp [76] http:/ / mises. PublicAffairs. asp [56] http:/ / mises. mises. asp [60] http:/ / www. Peter (Fall/Winter 1988). Nomos (American Society for Political and Legal Philosophy): 29–34. E. aspx?action=category& ID=87 [61] http:/ / mises. org/ media. worldcat. Los Angeles Times [54] Murray N. . Murray (1992-06-01) "Little Texan Connects Big With Masses: Perot is a populist in the content of his views and in the manner of his candidacy" (http:/ / articles. "Toward a Libertarian Theory of Inalienability: A Critique of Rothbard. org/ rothbard/ agd/ contents. org/ rothbard/ newlibertywhole. html [84] http:/ / org/ document/ 4983/ Murray-N-Rothbard-vs-The-Philosophers-Unpublished-Writings-on-Hayek-Mises-Strauss-and-Polanyi 14 Further reading • Boettke. org/ rothbard/ mes. org/ document/ 6301/ Economic-Controversies [65] http:/ / www. org/ resources/ 2668/ Economic-Depressions-Their-Cause-and-Cure [77] http:/ / mises. org/ document/ 614/ Mystery-of-Banking-The [68] http:/ / rothbard/boettke-economists-and-liberty-r. org/ document/ 3986/ Classical-Economics-An-Austrian-Perspective-on-the-History-of-Economic-Thought-Volume-II [71] http:/ / mises.

The Quarterly Journal of Austrian Economics 1 (1): 73–9.pdf).org/oclc/ 820597333).lewrockwell.worldcat. "Mere Libertarianism: Blending Hayek and Rothbard" (http://EconPapers. OCLC  820597333 ( • Murray Rothbard Institute ( Wiki • Rothbard videos (http://www. Kathleen (2010).rothbard. (1998). "Rothbardian demand: A critique".doi. The Review of Austrian Economics 24 (3): 311–8.html) from 2010/lp-2-18.PDF).org • Murray Rothbard (http://wiki. and Rights Reconsidered" ( • Touchstone.1007/s11138-011-0147-3). Spencer J. Libertarian Papers 2 (18): at YouTube channel of the Ludwig von Mises Institute • Murray N. Belgium • Murray Rothbard (http://www. 15 External links • Murray Rothbard full bibliography ( "Murray Rothbard's Adam Smith" (http://mises. doi: 10. • (http://dx.1007/s12113-998-1004-5). Marek (2011). Daniel B.1007/s11138-011-0147-3 (http://dx.cgi?page=gr&GRid=25164277) at Find a Grave .org/ 10. • Pack. (Fall 2004). doi: at "Rand. org/RePEc:hhs:ratioi:0029). SSRN  473601 (http://ssrn.PDF) at Mises.Murray Rothbard • Hudík. Reason Papers 27: 7–43. Rothbard Library and Resources (http://www.doi.

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