Stormwater Attenuation Tanks

Specifications and Installation information .
How the Armada Tank design works : The tanks are designed to manage the first ‘flash ‘ flood of a downpour and to trickle feed the water back into the drainage system so as not to cause flooding . During a storm the water enters the tank through the Silt trap manhole . Leaves and other debris are removed and the excess water is fed into the Storm tank . The Exit Vortex control valve limits the outflow and the water backs up and thus enters the chamber and fills it up . The air vent valves allow the water to rapidly enter the Tank and to thus store the first flush efficiently . Post the storm the water can easily drain down and run off at the desired rate of flow . Silt and debris is prevented from entering the Tank by a geo Textile wrapping which encapsulates both the tank and the drain pipes . Also there is a silt trap in the inlet manhole . The tank is fully sealed with a plastic impermeable wrap and this is in turn protected from damage by the geo textile wrapping of which there is two layer on each side . How Big a tank do I need ? Armada can have this figure calculated but it is usually determined by the outflow permitted by the Local Authority and or water company . Recent downpours due to unpredictable weather are now pointing to up to 1 in 100 year rainfall return patterns that require to be allowed for . The area draining or built on will give the catchment area and the planners and Water companies will determine the outflow rate for the drainage . The length and height of the tank is determined by the quantity of water to be stored . Who can design the system ? Armada can do directly through our agents or Builders Merchants . Alternately your Engineer or Architect can do this and have a drawing done that we can cost up . The system can be designed with the central distribution pipe located in the middle , at each side or at a single side of the Attenuation Blocks . Tank Layers (of material as seen side cutaway ) Earth / Gravel top layer ( Usually 300mm thick) Geo Textile Filter Layer ( non Woven ) Plastic Membrane 460 gsm ( HDPE or PVC ) Geo Textile Filter Layer ( non Woven ) Armada Storm Box ( 2m x .5m x .5m ) Traffic ( 400kn )or Greenfield ( 200kn ) Geo textile Filter layer ( 200 gsm non Woven ) Plastic membrane 460 gsm ( HDPE or PVC ) Geo textile Filter Layer ( 200 gsm non Woven ) Tank base 50-600 quarry dust compacted + gravel

Simple distribution pipe with multiple silt traps . The product of choice for large installations especially on Muddy sites . Non-Traffic Boxes Vertical Loading (Yield) of > or = 275KN/m2@ 2% deflection..The Armada Attenuation Floodbox complies with industry norms and is subject to both self-approved and independent stress-testing procedures including third-party testing in accordance with BBA test methods at Loughborough University. Modular …can be made in a variety of shapes . More cost efficient than other methods . Can be used where Sustainable Urban Drainage Systems (SUDS) and EU Water Framework Directives are required and regulations are in force.5m3  1mtr x 500mm x 500mm (aprox weight 13Kg) – Unit Volume M3: . No EPA issues . Low maintenance . Saves land when put underground ( as against a pond or tunnel) High loading …can drive over the tank thus enabling regulations to be met and additionally use the car park area to install under . Fully sealed tank leak free 25 year life + Quick installation…large block sizes . Lightweight .  .no cranes required .Advantages of the Armada Stormwater Box :               95% volume of void usable . Lateral Loading (Yield) of > or = 75 KN/m2 @ 2% deflection. Manufactured from Recycled PVC …get carbon credits .25m3  Design has 95% Void Ratio   Traffic Boxes Vertical Loading (Yield) of > or = 550KN/m2@ 2% deflection. ( Greenfield ) Lateral Loading (Yield) of > or = 40 KN/m2 @ 2% deflection. In Use and Tested design for many years Product Specification for The Armada Stormwater Box   ISO 14001 & ISO 9002 Certified Process specifically for the manufacture of attenuation modules. Available in the following sizes:  2mtr x 1mtr x 500mm (aprox weight 54Kg) – Unit Volume M3: 1M3  2mtr x 500mm x 500mm (aprox weight 27Kg) – Unit Volume M3: . Gives up to 3 times the storage of a stone fill tank .

 Installation & Cover Depths: Traffic Areas – Minimum Cover Dept . Tank Base Soil survey : It is very important that the soil that will be supporting the base of the tank is tested and checked to determine if it is suitable to support the weight of the tank full of water . GeoTextile Filter non Woven First layer : Depending on the size and traffic spread the specified Geo textile or non woven material over the bottom of the tank and lap up the sides of the tank . 3. The Engineer will advise on Vortex control units . The levels should be + or – 20mm and there should be no sharp objects showing such as stone or waste metal /plastic above ground that could puncture the Waterproof membrane.5m Non Traffic Areas – Minimum Cover Depth . An engineer should certify this is suitable first . The Fall gradient should be 1:150 .e 13 pallets ). thus speeding up the time ‘on site ‘ ..The Armada Floodbox has a UV resistance of 3 months minimum. usually equivalent to the depth of the water to hold the tank down after installation . Petrol Interceptors and Silt traps 2. Top layer can be 50-60mm of compacted quarry dust . Typically the material will be 200g/m2 or 9kn and is used to protect the Waterproof membrane from puncturing . Excavate the tank to the drawing depth that has been calculated . Minimum delivery 80 m3 per trailer load (i.3m     Manufactured from 100% recycled uPVC and HIPS Good resistance to common chemicals EN 14030. A number of tanks have collapsed under top loading due to subsidence of the sand base . Preparing the Tank Void for excavation : Using the design and Excavation drawings provided by the Project Engineer or by Armada mark out the area to be excavated …allow a minimum of 1 meter all round the Tank for workspace and backfilling .Also the water in the Hole will be required to be pumped out before and work on the excavation can be started . Also if the base is soft it will be necessary to excavate to allow for Hardcore filling to stiffen up the foundations . Installation Procedures 1. . Note : the Armada design has a high 95% void and this minimises the Earthwork and excavation costs . Spread the sand or gravel bed to a depth of 100-150mm…level and compress it . This is to ensure there is enough material to seal the tank . If the site is a ‘wet ‘water one that floods it will be necessary to have a higher depth . Taper to 45* for safe working . Life expectancy > or = 25 years in PH 4 to 9 @25 C.

Mark the Corners so as to know where to position the Blocks . Again this material should be 200 gms /m2 . Close off the tank : Carefully fold over each layer and roll back the material so as to form the top layer from the starting roll . 7.4. so as to have accurate reference points for laying the Stormwater blocks . Central Distribution Pipe This pipe should be a twin wall PVC 4% perforated pipe and will typically be 220500mm in Diameter . Again lap the material up all sides and add 1 m all round for sealing to the top layer when closing off the tank . The pipe should be wrapped in a non woven filter material . Mark the 4 corners. Cut to length and position as per drawing .Attach Top Hats to Central Distribution Pipe .200gsm/m2 .usually 300mm. Overlap the distribution pipe with a neoprene seal and slide a jubilee clip over and screw tightly so it will have a waterproof seal . Ensure they are correctly aligned with the design flows . The gap that will accommodate the pipe should typically be 600mm wide . Waterproof Cover : Now lay the Polythene or PVC impermeable layer on the base over the Geotextile and or Non Woven . This material should be a min 460 gsm/m2 . On top of the stone lay a perforated vent pipe along the length of the installation 100-150mm twin wall PVC pipe . 8. Glue or weld the Top Hat to the waterproof material and when set dry push the Distribution pipe through the top hat so as to sleeve it outside the tank . Using Jointing Tape or glue seal the layers together with overlaps of min 150mm and use the recommended adhesive . Double protect the corners with spare material as these are most prone to puncturing and damage .. At each end of the Distribution Pipe carefully cut back the material .again lapping up the side walls and allowing for some taping to the top layer of geotextile to close off the top . Manholes are normally 3m from the Distribution pipe . GeoTextile Filter Non Woven Second Layer : Unroll the material and carefully lay up over the waterproof cover . This layer should be wrapped additionally up the sides of the blocks that are proud to the central distribution pipe so as to prevent silt blocking the flow .sealed at the downstream end .Armada Stormwater Blocks Positioning : With the 4 corner marks and following the drawing stack the blocks to the required height . Seal the entry with a sleeve and glue and tape up . Line the Distribution pipe trench with stone 15-45 mm size to the level of the blocks at the top . Connect the central Distribution pipe to the manholes at the inlet and outlet with solid PVC pipe . NB : support the vent pipe until the connection is made and the backfilling is in place so as to prevent distortion of the vent pipe . 9. . The inlet will be connected to a Silt Collection Chamber and the Outlet to a Flow Control Chamber ( some will have a Vortex Control unit attached ) . The pipe should be supported in place with a concrete support of a minimum of 300mm all round . This is a vent pipe to allow for air to escape when the tank is filling and is connected to the upstream manhole by a solid PVC Pipe . 6. 5. The waterproof layer is very important and that it is sealed properly either with waterproof lining tape or the relevant adhesive .

Approval and Sign off The site owner or developer should be shown the location of the development and have it marked off .Sign post the installation with loading values noted . NB layer the material in 300mm depths and never use site debris. can very from 300-500mm . Armada Soakaway Units . Knowledge of the area draining volume and the soakaway area will be required . If no tests or information can be provided we can estimate the size required . Check with planning and Engineer to have the unit positioned as there are different regulations as to how close the unit can be positioned to a building . 1.10 . Backfill the recess at the sides and top with the specified stone and compact . 11. b) 8kn Non woven soft filter wrap c) 225mm Half Perforated diffuser pipe .e 1025m3 in size and are normally associated with Rainwater Harvesting or Septic tanks . EPA and regulations also can specify the run off control and filtering required . . An Engineer or Armada can advise technical help to work this out . narrower . Backfilling : Now the tank is complete a final inspection should be done of all fittings . They are similar to Stormwater tanks but are smaller . The Installation : Consists of a) Manhole with Silt trap tank . Test the Soil : It is advisable to evaluate the speed of soil infiltration . If a Greenfield installation a sign should warn traffic to keep away and also show the max loading . seals and manholes . d) Vent pipe …usually goes back to the manhole . SUDS and Planning laws . These units are bespoke designed and installations are usually quite small i. Measure and check the installation is to specification . If a ‘trafficked installation’ a sign should show maximum loading . welds . and have no waterproof covering . bottom and sides . Usually the installation will have a 300mm layer covering the top so as to allow Traffic but up to 650mm if machinery is to travel on the top . 2. 3.e) 150mm of 14 or 20mm single sized clean drainage stone all round Armada Geocell units …top . NB : The rooftop of the tank must be lower than the lowest gully trap on site or the tank may not work efficiently .

First Aid Measures : Not applicable other than to wear gloves when handling . 5. Fire Fighting : PVC is hard to set alight but are classed as self extinguishing . Type of material : Polyvinyl Chloride PVC . express or implied as to the suitability of the product for any particular use . The material will give off a thick black smoke when alight and the fumes are toxic . 3. The system can be further flushed through the vent pipes . No leaching of compounds from the plastic in the ground . Breathing apparatus and protective clothing required to manage a fire . BS standard 6399 part 1 1996 . The blocks are delivered on Pallets which can weigh up to 680kg . Protection : Again wear Strong gloves when handling . Health and Safety : 1..suggest return to manufacturer or plastic recycling company locally. Dumping and recycling : The material is recyclable . Silt pits and gullies should be inspected regularly and cleared if required of leaves and debris . Handling and Storage : Do not store in Direct sunlight for prolonged periods due to UV light effect . These data sheets have been compiled by Armada Innovations using information to hand and is provided without any representation to its accuracy and does not constitute a guarantee of the of the product or its properties . Hazards : There are no Health risks from normal use . If cutting wear Glasses or goggles and a respiratory disposable mask due to the dust 7. Laboratory testing : All products have been tested to industry standards and BS standards by a recognised laboratory . Important Note : The handling . Copies of test results can be provided on request . Do not stack more than 3 high or stack on unstable ground . 6. Also the manholes and exit pipes should be inspected . normal material handling rules apply to lifting . Also we make no warranties . The material may contain colour masterbatches and stabilisers that are toxic before extrusion but are now embedded in the plastic . 4. Generally there is little maintenance . Non Toxic to marine life 8. Do not store near a high heat source such as a boiler . Product is similar to PVC as used in windows and Soffits . 2. Also PVC Adhesive . .Maintenance The main benefit in using an Armada system is that there is little maintenance required . storage and use and disposal of Armada products are beyond our use and Armada disclaim all liability for loss damage injury or expense in any way connected with such activities . Environmental : Not readily biodegradable .

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