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VECTOR

By:- Nishant Gupta
For any help contact:
9953168795, 9268789880


Content marketed & distributed by FaaDoOEngineers.com
Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880


1. The necessary and sufficient condition for three points with position vectors c , b , a

to be collinear is that
there exist scalars x, y, z not all zero such that 0 c z b y a x

= + + where x + y + z = 0.
2. If A and B are two points with position vectors a

and b

respectively, then the position vector of a point


C dividing AB in the ratio m : n
(i) Internally is,
n m
a n b m
+
+

(ii) Externally is,


n m
a n b m


3. If S is any point in plane of A ABC, then SG 3 SC SB SA = + + , where G is the centroid of ABC.
4. If a

and b

are two non zero vectors inclined at an angle , then


(i) | b | | a | b a

= - cos (ii) Projection of a

on b

= b

a
| b |
b a
- =
-


(iii) Projection vector of a

on b

= b
2
| b |
b a
b

| b |
b a

-
=

-

(iv) ) b a ( 2
2
| b |
2
| a |
2
| b a |

- + =
(v)
2
| b |
2
| a | ) b a ( ) b a (

= - + (vi) cos = =
-
| b | | a |
b a


(vii) n sin | b | | a | b a u =

, where n is a unit vector perpendicular to the plane of a

and b


(ix) Unit vectors perpendicular to the plane of a

and b

is
| b a |
b a


(x) If a

, b

are unit vectors at an angle , then sin | b a |


2
1
2

=
u
, cos | b a |
2
1
2

+ =
u
, tan
| b a |
| b a |
2
1
2

=
u

5. Area of ABC = | CA BC |
2
1
| BA BC |
2
1
| AC AB |
2
1
= =
6. If c , b , a

are the PV the vertices A, B, C of ABC, then Area of ABC = | a c c b b a |


2
1

+ +
Length of the perpendicular from C on AB =
| b a |
| a c c b b a |

+ +

VECTOR

Content marketed & distributed by FaaDoOEngineers.com
Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880

7. Scalar triple product : c ) b a (

- & is denoted by ] c b a [


(i) ] c b a [

= volume of the parallelepiped whose three coterminous edges are c and b , a



(ii) ] c b a [

= 0 if and only if they are coplanar.


(iii) | a c c b b a [

+ + + =2 ] c b a [

, | a c c b b a [

=
2
] c b a [


8. Vector triple product { c ) b a ( and ) c b ( a

} c ) b . a ( - b ) c . a ( ) c b ( a

= ( 132 123 )
Also, 0 ) b a ( c ) a c ( b ) c b ( a

= + +
9. The volume V of a tetrahedron whose three coterminous edges in the right handed system are c , b , a

is
given by V = ] c b a [
6
1


10. (i) A set of non-zero vectors
n 3 2 1
a , . . . . . . , a , a , a

is linearly independent, if
= + + + 0 a x . . . . . . a x a x
n n 2 2 1 1


x1 = x2 =.. = xn = 0
(ii) A set of vectors
n 3 2 1
a , . . . . . . , a , a , a

is linearly dependent, if there exist scalars x1, x2, xn not
all zero such that 0 a x . . . . . . a x a x
n n 2 2 1 1


= + + +



























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Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880


1.
( )
2 2
2
2
b a 2
b . a ) b x a (

+
is
(a) 1/2 (b) 3/2
(c) 5/2 (d) 4/2
2. The area of the triangle determined by the
vectors 3i + 4j and - 5i + 7j is
(a) 141 (b) 132
(c) 41 /2 (d) N/T
3. Points whose position vectors are
j

52 i

a , j

8 i

40 , j

3 i

60 + are collinear if
(a) a = 40 (b) a = -40
(c) a = 20 (d) N/T
4. Adjacent sides of ||gm are along
s . j

2 b & j

2 i

a Z + = + =

between diagonals
(a) 30
o
& 150
o
(b) 45
o
& 135
o

(c) 90
o
& 90
o
(d) N/T
5. b & a

are unit vectors such that b a


3 + is
to 7 b a

5 , then angle between b a


& is
(a) /2 (b) / 3
(c) /4 (d) N/T
6. If the unit vectors A

and B

are inclined at
and | A

- B

|/2 is
(a) 0 (b) /2
(c) 1 (d) / 4





7. A particle acted upon by forces
. . .
+ + k 5 j 2 i 3
and
. . .
+ + k 3 j i 2 is displaced form a point P to
a point Q whose respective position vectors
are
. . .
+ + k 3 j i 2 and
. . .
+ + k 7 j 3 i 4 . The work
done by the force is
(a) 77 units (b) 24 units
(c) 63 units (d) 48 units
8. A force F = 6i + j + 4k acting on a particle
displaces it from A (3,4,5)to B (1,1,1). If the
work done is 2 units, then is
(a) -10 (b) 2
(c) 5 (d) 2.
9. Length of longer diagonal of llgm constructed
on b 2 a 5

+ & b 3 a

. Given 2 2 | a | & 3 | b | = =

&
angle between b & a

is /4
(a) 15 (b) 113
(c) 593 (d) 369
10. The vector k

3 j

x i

+ + is rotated through an
angle and doubled in magnitude, then it
becomes k

2 j

) 2 x 4 ( i

4 + + . The value of x is:


(a) ( ) 2 , 3 / 2 (b) ( ) 2 , 3 / 1
(c) ( ) 0 , 3 / 2 (d) (2, 7)
11. If P and Q Be two given points on the curve y
= x + 1/x such that OP.I = 1 and OQ.I = -1
where I is a unit vector along the x-axis, then
the length of vector 2OP + 3OQ is
(a) 5 5 (b) 5 3
(c) 5 2 (d) 5


ASSIGNMENT
VECTOR

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Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880

12. Let A, B, C be three vectors such that A (B + C)
+ B. (C + A) + C. (A + B) = 0 And |A| = 1,
|B| = 4 , |C| = 8 ,then |A + B + C| equals
(a) 13 (b) 81
(c) 9 (d) 5
13. If the unit vectors A

and B

are inclined at an
angle 2 and | A

- B

|<l then for e[0,t],


may lie in the interval
(a) ( t/6 , t/3) (b) ( t/6 , t/2 ]
(c) ( 5t/6 , t ] (d) [t/2 ,5t/6 ]
14. If unit vectors A

and B

such that STP [ A

x B

] = 1/4 then A

and B

are inclined
(a) /6 (b) /2
(c) /3 (d) / 4
15. If A

and B

unit vectors then greatest value


of | A

- B

| + | A

+ B

| is
(a) 2 (b) 4
(c) 22 (d) 2
16. Let a,b,c be three vectors such that | a | = | c
|= l; |b |=4 and | b x c | = \15. If b-2c = a
Then a value of is
(a) 1 (b) - l
(c) 2 (d) - 4
17. Moment of couple formed by forces 5 k

+ &
-5 k

acting at ( 9 ,-1 , 2 ) & ( 3 , -2 , 1 )


(a) k

5 j

+ + (b) k

5 j


(c) k

10 j

2 i

2 (d) k

10 j

2 i

2 +
18. Vector r

which is equally inclined to co-


ordinate axes such that | r | = 15 3 is
(a) k

+ + (b) 15 ( ) k

+ +

(c) 7 ( ) k

+ + (d) None
19. For 3 vectors , w , v , u

which of the following
expressions is = to any of remaining three ?
(a) ) w v .( u

(b) u ). w v (


(c) ) w u .( v

(d) v u w

). x (


20. If 3 | a | , 0 c b a = = + +

, 7 | c | & 5 | b | = =

, then
Z between b & a

is
(a) a = 40 (b) a = -40
(c) a = 20 (d) N/T
21. If 2 out of 3 vectors c , b , a

are unit vectors,


0 c b a = + +

& 2( a . c c . b b . a

+ + ) + 3 = 0, then
third vector is of length-
(a) 3 (b) 2
(c) 1 (d) N/T
22. Let c , b , a

be 3 vectors such that


0 ) b a .( c ) a c .( b ) c b .( a = + + + + +

and
8 | c | , 4 | b | , 1 | a | = = =

then | c b a |

+ + equals
(a) 13 (b) 81
(c) 9 (d) N/T
23. Let b a

+ is orthogonal to b

& b 2 a

+ is
orthogonal to a

, then
(a) | a

| = 2 | b

| (b) | a

| = 2 | b

|
(c) | a

| = | b

| (d) 2 | a

| = | b

|
24. Magnitude of projection of vector k j 2 i

+ +
on vector k

7 j

4 i

4 + + is
(a) 3 (b) 3 6
(c) 6 /3 (d) N/T
25. Position vectors of A & B are
& k

2 i

2 + + k

4 j

4 i

2 + + . Length of internal
bisector of ZBOA of A AOB is
(a)
9
136
(b)
9
136

(c)
3
20
(d) N/T
26. Magnitude of moment of force - k

8 j

6 i

2 +
acting at point k

3 j

2 + about point
k

2 i

+
(a) 211 (b) 0
(c) 54 (d) N/T


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Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880


27. If a x c c x b b x a then , 0 c 3 b 2 a

+ + = + + is equal
to
(a) 6 ( ) c b

(b) 6 ( ) b a


(c) 6 ( ) a c

(d) N/Ts
28. If b

& a are unit vectors represented by


B O & A O

, then unit vector along bisector of
ZAOB is scalar multiple of
(a) b

a (b) b

a
(c) a b

(d) N/T
29. Value of | | a c , c b , b a

where
3 | c | & 2 | b | , 1 | a | = = =

is
(a) 1 (b) 6
(c) 0 (d) N/T
30. If [ ] d , c , b 4 a 2

+ = ] d c b [ ] d c a [



+ , then
+ =
(a) 6 (b) 6
(c) 10 (d) N/T
31. Let , k

a =

) x 1 ( j

x b + + =

&
. k

) y x 1 ( j

x i

y c + + + =

Then ] c b a [

depends
on
(a) only x (b) only y
(c) neither x nor y (d) N/T
32. Vector ) k

c ( k

) j

a ( j

) i

a ( i

+ +

is
(a) 0 (b) a


(c) 2 a

(d) N/T
33. Let k

2 a + + =

, k

2 i

b + =

& unit vector


c

be coplanar. If c

is to c then , a

=
(a) ) k

(
2
1
+ (b) ) k

(
3
1
+
(c) ) j

2 i

(
5
1
(d) N/T
34. Let . j

b & k

2 j

a + = + =

If c

is vector such
that | c | c . a

= , 2 2 | a c | =

& angle between
c & b a

is 30
o
, then | c ) b a ( |

=
(a) 2/3 (b) 3/2
(c) 2 (d) N/T
35. If , k

a + + =

4 j

3 i

4 b + + =

, k

c | + o + =


are linearly dependent vectors & 3 | c | =


then
(a) o = 1, = - 1 (b) o =1, = 1
(c) o = -1, = 1 (d) o = 1, = 1

36. If c & b , a

are 3 non-coplanar vectors such


that
2
c b
) c b ( a

+
= , then angle between
b & a

is
(a) 3/4 (b) /4
(c) /2 (d) N/T
37. Vector c

directed along internal bisectors of


Zbetween vectors k

4 j

4 i

7 a =

&
k

2 j

2 b + =

with 6 5 | c | =

is
(a) ) k

2 j

7 i

(
3
5
+ (b) ) k

2 j

5 i

5 (
3
5
+ +
(c) ) k

2 j

7 i

(
3
5
+ + (d) N/T
38. If ) k

27 j

6 i

2 ( + + x 0 ) k

c j

b i

( = + +
then a & b are
(a) 3 &27/2 (b) 3 & 25/2
(c) -3 & 27/2 (d) N/T
39. Value of
2 2
| j

a | | i

a | +

+
2
| k

a |

is
(a) a
2
(b) 2a
2

(c) 3a
2
(d) N/T
40. For non-coplanar vectors c & b , a

the relation
| c | | b | | a | | c ). b a ( | =

if
(a) a . c c . b b . a

= = (b) c . b 0 b . a

= =
(c) a . c 0 b . a

= = (d) a . c c . b b . a

= = =0
41. c & b

, a
are unit vectors then
2
2 2
a c c b

a + + does not exceed


(a) 4 (b) 9

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Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880

(c) 8 (d) 6
42. A vector a = ( ,, ) makes an obtuse angle
with y- axis, equal angles with with b = ( ,
-2 , 3 ) & c = (2 , 3 ,- ) and is
perpendicular to d = (1, -1, 2). If |a | = 23 ,
then the vector a is
(a) (2, 2,-2) (b) (-2. -2, -2)
(c) (-2,-2, 2) (d) (2,-2,-2).
43. If c , b , a

are non coplanar vectors such that


[ ] c k , b k ), b a ( k
2

+ = ] c , c b , a [

+ , k has
(a) no value (b) exactly one value
(c) exactly two values
(d) exactly three values
44. Vector OP = i- 3j -2k and OQ = -3i + j -2k.
Then OM, the positive vector of bisector of
angle POQ, is
(a) i - j - k (b) 2 ( i + j k )
(c) i + j + k (d) i + j + k
45. Let c , b , a

be P.V. of vertices of a ABC


whose circumcenter is origin then
orthocenter is equals
(a) c b a

+ + (b) ( c b a

+ + ) /3
(c) ( c b a

+ + ) /2 (d) N/T
46. Vectors a, b & c are related by a = 8b &
c = - 7c then angle between a & c is
(a) 0 (b) /4
(c) /2 (d)
























ANSWER (VECTOR)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
a c b c b c d a b b
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
d c c a c d b b c b
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
c c a d a b a a c a
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
c c a b d a d a b d

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Nishant Gupta, D-122, Prashant vihar, Rohini, Delhi-85
Contact: 9953168795, 9268789880

41 42 43 44 45 46
b d a b a d