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CODED INEQUALITY

Decision making carries a lot of importance in our daily life. There are occassions in our life when the right and the best decision help us tide over even the most complex of problems. Success of financial institutions like banks depends a great deal on timely decision. Questions based on decision making have become a regular feature of most of the competitive examinations. Such questions are intended to check the decision making abilities, general intelligence, power of judgement and coordination and presence of mind of the candidates. Here we deal with a few types of decision making tests. TYPE -1 In this type of questions a symbol is given between two letters of the alphabet. You have to find out the meaning of each symbol by carefully studying the directions. In the questions that follow a statement is given which is followed by two conclusions. You have to find which of the conclusions logically follows the statement. Give answers as per the directions given. Example : Directions (Q.186-190) : In the following questions the symbols #, *, @. $ and = are used with the following meanings: A # B means A is greater than B. A * B means A is greater than or equal to B. A @ B means A is equal to B. A $ B means A is lesser than B. A = B means A is lesser than or equal to B. Now in each of the following questions, assuming the three statements to be true, find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are true. Give answer.

1) if only conclusion I is true 2) if only conclusion II is true 3) if either conclusion I or conclusion II is true 4) if neither conclusion I nor conclusion II is true 5) if both conclusions I and II are true. 1. Statements Conclusions 2. Statements Conclusions 3. Statements Conclusions 4. Statements Conclusions 5. Statements Conclusions : P # Q, R $ P, R * O : I. Q # R : I. T = Q II. Q $ R II. Q *T : P = Q, T @ R, R # P : P @ Q, L @ M, P # L : I. Q # M II. M $ P : P # M # L, L# N @ Q, Q$S@R : I. R @ M II. L @ R : P * Q, Q @ T, T * L : I. Q # L II. T # P

**ANSWERS WITH EXPLANATIONS
**

1. 4; P > Q, R<P, R O Q R or Q R 2. 3; P Q, T = R, R > P T Q or T Q 3. 5; P = Q, L = M, P > L Q > M and M < P 4. 4; P> M > L; L > N = Q; Q<S=R 5. 4; P Q, Q = T and TL Q L

PRACTICE TEST

1. “@” means “<” ,“ ” means “>” and “$” means “=”. If P @ Q, R S and Q $ R, then which of the following statements is definitely true? 1) R P 3) P@R 5) None of these 2) P$Q 4) P @ S

X $ W. S $ T. P @ Q means P is either greater than or equal to Q. P©Q means P is smaller than Q. . F @ Y. 3) if either I or II is true. Statements : U = M. Statements : P @ Q. D # K. © and © are used with the following meaning: P @ Q means P is greater than Q. U**W Conclusions : I. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true? Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. 4) if neither 1 nor II is true. @. $ = K. P + M Conclusions : I. Statements : L @ N. *. Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true. T = R 4. B $ A Conclusions : I. 13. certain symbols are used with the following meaning: A @ B means A is greater than B. D# E Directions (Q. N**Q Conclusions : I. K + Q. X @ Y II. J © P. S @ D II. P @ U. S ® B. U + W. 3) if either I or II is true. Statements : T $ G. U ** X Statements : G $ H. P @ B 5. M @ T Conclusions : I. 2) if only conclusion II is true. D @ H II. G © D Directions (Q. Statements : B @ V K © C. H = E Conclusions : I. 12-16): In the following questions the symbol $. Statements : W @ S. @. Q + F Conclusions : I. S * M II. Statements : H @ G. H $ J II. A + B means A is either greater than or equal to B. P© Q means P is either smaller than or equal to Q. M # N. C © B Conclusions: I. M # T. 2. 2) if only conclusion II is true. A $ B means A is equal to B Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true ? Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. J # K. K @ T II. ** and # are used with the following meaning. P = Q means P is equal to Q. and 5) if both I and II are true. V @ C II. Statements : G $ E. F @ J. K × G Conclusions : I. K @ P. J * H 12. A $ B means A is greater than B A @ B means A is either greater than or equal to B A * B means A is equal to B A ** B means A is smaller than B A # B means A is either smaller than or equal to B Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true. =. A @ N 9. S @ R II. Statements : R + N. 7-11): In the questions given below. P $ M II. P @ L Conclusions : I. E # S. F # K 10. Statements : G $ K. Statements : K @ T. Z @ S 11. 2) if only conclusion II is true. N # P Statements : D**X. M @ B Conclusions : I. D $ F Conclusions : I. 5) if both I and II are true. A @ . 15. S $ K Conclusions : I. H * K Conclusions : I. 4) if neither I nor II is true.T © R Conclusions : I. K $ F II. 4) if neither I nor II is true. B @ K 3. Y # D Statements : M**P. D @ E. K ® Z. W $ V II. 14. 2-6): In the following questions the symbols @. T ** P Statements : U*V. 5) if both I and II are true. P = N 6. J = L II. 16. G $ P 8. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely True ? Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true.Directions (Q. 7. U @ K II. A # B means A is smaller than B A ® B means A is either smaller than or equal to B. P = B II. S $ N II. 3) if either I or II is true.

×. M ? T II.Q Statements : G . ÷. Statements : J # K. 28. certain symbols are used with the following meanings: A @ B means A is greater than B. V @ T II. @. A + B means A is smaller than B. H*F 24. Statements : T*U. Statements : E * F. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. H # E. 4) If neither I nor II is true. G ÷ K II. E $ T. 3) if either I or II is true.G Conclusions : I. Y × U Conclusions : I. P @ B Conclusions : I. Statements : D @ F. G $ F II. R $ S. E $ V. A @ B means A is either greater than or equal to B.Directions (Q. M @ R. V @ L. =. R .are used with the following meaning: P + Q means P is greater than Q. H$K 21. P × Q. F * T. 2) If only conclusion II is true. P$D II. J ? H II. Statements : P $ Q. P = Q means P is equal to Q. P ÷ Q means P is smaller than Q. T $ U. N + Q II. D$V II. P@D 23. G $ H. P $ N II. B ÷ E Statements : S × Q. U $ W. R # Q 20. 31. Statements : P ? Q. Statements : P $ T. Now in each of the following questions. the symbols +. 17-21): In the following questions the symbols $. A ? B means A is either smaller than or equal to B. 22-26): In the questions given below. P+N II. E @ D Conclusions : I. D @ H Directions (Q. G @ K Conclusions : I. A * B means A is either greater than or equal to B. Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true. P + N Conclusions : I. 5) if both I and II are true. T @ N Conclusions: I. T $ N 18. Q @ S Conclusions : I. 29.H 27. A # B means A is equal to B. 30. A * B means A is equal to B. 5) If both I and II are true. 27-31): In the following questions. G $ H. H @ F Conclusions : I. A $ B means A is either smaller than or equal to B. and . W ÷ V Statements : B ÷ A. R + T. R * P Conclusions : I. T * P. S + T II . Statements : M # N. G ? T 19. 2) if only conclusion II is true. Statements : D + T. A # B means A is smaller than B. N . Q$M 25. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely True? Give answer. W + U II. 4) if neither I nor II is true. N # U Conclusions : I. P×Q means P is either greater than or equal to Q. K × L. F ? H Conclusions : I. Statements : B + D. 17. P $ S II. W + V Conclusions : I. K * F.S Conclusions : I. L # W Directions (Q. L . find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true? Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true 2) if only conclusion II is true 3) if either conclusion I or II is true 4) if neither conclusion I nor II is true 5) if both conclusions I and II are true 22.Y. L . . E + A Conclusions : I. Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true. *. D × E. G ? N. W . N # M. A $ B means A is greater than B. 3) If either I or II is true. D + A II. Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. 1) If only conclusion I is true. # and ? are used with the following meanings. assuming the given statements to be true. D + F 26. H@K II.Q = T Statements : M ÷ N. Statements : U + V. P-Q means P is either smaller than or equal to Q.H.

$ and ? are used with the following meanings: P ? Q means P is either equal to or smaller than Q. F $ G Conclusions : I. 33. S @ P. iii) A ? B means A is neither greater than nor smaller than B. the symbols @. A c B means A is neither greater nor smaller than B. ? and $ are used with the following meanings: A @ B means A is neither equal to nor smaller than B. Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true 2) if only conclusion II is true 3) if either I or II is true 4) if neither I nor II is true 5) if both I and II are true Statements : N ? S. &. M@H II. N?H Conclusions : I. D $ F. 36. P*Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q. D $ T Statements : M$N. G@N II. R @ S. U ? Q. if only conclusion II is true. if either 1 or II is true. Directions (Q. 41. v) A @ B means A is not smaller than B. Statements : P $ Q. 37-41): In the following questions. P # S Statements : U $ V. and if both I and II are true. T * F Conclusions : I. L@P II. A $ B means A is either greater or equal to B. 39. G*L Conclusions : I. if neither I nor II is true. 4) if neither I nor II is true. A £ B means A is not equal to B. K$L Conclusions : I. U @ X Conclusions : I. P $ Q means P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q. 3) if either I or II is true. 34. K@T Statements : R c U. 32-36): In the following questions the symbols @. N#L. P £ M Conclusions : I. F c D. 2) if only conclusion II is true. certain symbols are used with the following meanings: i) A # B means A is not greater than B. 40. W@U Now in each of the following questions. L $ M 37. K*D II. Give answer 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) if only conclusion I is true. PcN Statements : JcP. P ? T. J£H Conclusions : I. . find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. £. 32. Now in each of the following questions. ii) A $ B means A is neither smaller than nor equal to B. c. and 5) if both I and II are true. A ? B means A is neither greater than nor equal to B. H@P Statements : Z @ D. W * X. in each of the following questions. S@M II. M $ G Statements : G@M. P * R Conclusions : I. P & Q means P is not equal to Q. Z@G Statements : L @ T. W $ R Conclusions : I. 38. *. iv) A * B means A is neither greater than nor equal to B. Now. P @ Q means P is either greater than or equal to Q. JcN II. assuming the given statements to be true. DcG II. Q*R II. V * X Statements : K # T. assuming the given statements to be true. Directions (Q. 42-46): In the following questions. P$N. 35. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. G@H. V@X II.Directions (Q. WcU II. Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. assuming the given statements to be true.

find out which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true? Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. C $ A II. 57. V + M II. B $ R II. B ? K Conclusions : I : B ? R II : R*L 44. S. ‘P $ Q’ means ‘P is not equal to Q’. 47-52): In the following questions the symbols +. K + P. 4) if neither conclusion I nor II is true. 3) if either conclusion I or II is true. Q + N 53. 56. M × N II. K + T II. P # Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q. L & B. F @ L. P ? Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q. 51. J@K Conclusions : I : J ? M II: K $ N 43. T @ N Statements : N × P. ‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither equal to nor greater than Q’. @ and S are used with the following meanings: P + Q means P is neither smaller nor greater than Q. L + N Conclusions : I. ?. P ? Q Statements : A + B. B $ C. 50. 49. R × N Conclusions : I. H @ M II. B+C Statements : Y@Z. 2) if only conclusion II is true. Statements : A*B. Y ? Q II. P $ Q means P is not equal to Q. ‘P + Q’ means ‘P is neither equal to nor smaller than Q’. *. Statements : J*M. 2) if only conclusion II is true. J@W Conclusions : I: M?W II : J ? E 45. P © Q means P is neither greater than nor smaller than Q. 3) if either I or II is true. 58-62): In the following questions. Q×R. V?E Conclusions : I. P @ Q means P is not greater than Q. S ? U. ©. P + R Conclusions : I. E × L Statements : H@J. R × T Conclusions : I. 55. T + M Statements : T@M. M @N Statements : B $ N. Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. P @ Q means P is either greater than or equal to Q. Statements : P$Q. B ? C. T + V. M*R. R + T Conclusions : I. N × R. Statements : K$M. . Q $ P Conclusions : I. M@R. Q @ K Conclusions : I. the symbols $. N&M. 48. C ? A Conclusions : I. C @ D Conclusions : I : A$D II : B ? D Directions (Q. K + N II. 47. Z × Q. 53-57): In the following questions the symbols *. P × Q means P is neither equal to nor smaller than Q. 4) if neither I nor II is true. M × J Statements : M@T. F @ K II. 54. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. Q × P II. Statements : R @ S. M@K Conclusions : I.42. Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true. Statements : D*F. T $ R Conclusions : I : T$S II : T ? U 46. P × Q means P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q. V ? M Directions (Q. 5) if both conclusions I and II are true. Now in each of the following questions assuming the given statements to be true. Statements : K @ R. J ? K. W$E. and 5) if both I and II are true. N + F II. K × M Conclusions : I. 52. Y ? P Statements : E × F. *P *Q’ means ‘P is either equal to or smaller than Q’. Directions (Q. ×. D @ K Statements : K + M. @ and # are used with the following meanings: P $ Q means P is not smaller than Q.×. F$M. @ and + are used with the following meaning: ‘P×Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller nor greater than Q’.

G # V II. M $ P II. K*D. ‘P © Q’ means ‘P is not smaller than Q’. Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. 4) if neither conclusion I nor II is true. M *P Statements : I. M $ N. T©M. 4) if neither I nor II is true. M # R Statements: F#K. $ and # are used with the following meaning: ‘P @ Q’ means ‘P is neither smaller than nor equal to Q’. ‘P $ Q’ means’ P is neither smaller than nor greater than Q’. N * H II. M # W Statements : H*D. J $ M Statements : R©P. D $ R II. Z # T Statement : Q#P. J#H. N # K Directions (Q. Z × T Statements : K × B. M © T Statements : H@V. Now in each of the following questions. N # M Statements : S $ T. 72. Statements : D $ T. 70. D@ M 68. R©N Conclusions : I. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. W $ B : J * M. P # Q means P is neither greater than nor equal to Q. 75. 2) if only conclusion II is true. assuming the given statements to be true. B#M Conclusions : I. V©M. P @ Q means P is not greater than Q. P * M Statements : E$J. F # Z II. 74. R@M. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true. 3) if either I or II is true. assuming the given statements to be true. 2) if only conclusion II is true. ‘P # Q’ means ‘P is neither greater than nor equal to Q’. N # T : I. R # M Conclusions : I. N * K II. ©. 69. 60. W $ B II. M$J Conclusions : I. D@P Conclusions : I. M × R Conclusions : I. 4) if neither conclusion I nor II is true. ‘P * Q’ means ‘P is not greater than Q’. Statement : M#K. 63-67): In the following questions. P * Q means P is neither greater nor smaller than Q. T$M. K $ N II. 71. *. K @ Z 64. 73. F©N. R © G : I. M $ D II. Directions (Q 68-75): In the questions given below. 3) If either conclusion I or II is true. the symbol @. D # K Conclusions : I. B @ D. 59. D#R. certain symbols are used with the following meanings: P $ Q means P is neither equal to nor smaller than Q. 61. M # K Conclusions : I. T $ J : V * F. 5) if both conclusions I and II are true. D # Z II. P © Q means P is not smaller than Q. find which of the two conclusions I and II given below them is/are definitely true? Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. Now in each of the following questions. T©F Conclusions : I.B@M : I. 3) if either conclusion I or II is true. . B @ K II. K × T. F*M Conclusions : I. Statements : Z$K. Give answer 1) if only conclusion I is true. P$M. Statements Conclusions 66. T @ J II. W©T. B # W II. B # K Statements : N©R. 2) if only conclusion II is true. 62. and 5) if both I and II are true. D#T Conclusions : I. N © M II. Statements Conclusions 61 Statements Conclusions : W©A. E $ M II. R©D. 5) if both conclusions I and II are true. H©M Conclusions : I. G@ V 58. N$H Statements : Z@R. F*K Conclusion : I. assuming the given statements to be true. Statements : Z#N.Now in each of the following questions.B*A. F @ R. 63. P@F. K©D. M@D Conclusions : I. N@D Conclusions: I. M × T II. R × H II. H × R 65. M @ P II. T@R.

2.. (iii) Combining these.1.... T > N. (ii)... 22.. J < K. P > Q > N P > N.... G < N. H = E ... 23. Hence I is true. we get.. (iii)..(i).....(i).... C < B .... (iii) Combining all..(iii).5.(iii) Neither relationship can be established. we get P > U = M > B P > B P = B or P > B L > N . (ii) F < H . N = M > R > P N > P or P < N. (iii) Combining all these.(ii).... (ii).(ii). P > L .5. 26.5.. Again...2. M > R > P < Q No conclusion about the relationship between M and Q can be established. (ii)..4 20. we get.. (ii)... Hence I follows.(iii) Combining. E > F . (i) ....1.. .... D < K .. G > F.. (iii). (iii) No relationship can be found out between V and C.. 6. P < Q . N < Q . G < H .2 17.. Thus I does not follow........ W < Y .. 25...(i). (iv) From (ii) & (iv). (i)..1.... we get P > Q > N > M P > M. (iii) From (ii) and (iii). But the exhaustive possibilities are P > D. 4. B > K... Hence II is true. W < Y > U No relationship between W and U can be determined.. (i)... G > H . But II can’t be established. N< U. K = F..5. .. (i).... K > T . Now.4. G < T....... (iii) From (ii) and (iii). we get... (ii).. D < X ....2 9. . both conclusions I and II follow. J < P . (iii) Thus the relationships can’t be established.(ii). H > G > K H > K... . (iv) Combining these... S = K.2 27.3 M < N. H > K.... Hence I may be correct but not necessarily so... 19. B <D . 14.3.(iv) D>Y. H > F.... 18.. Hence I is not true. weget D < K < G = E < S. Hence either I or II is true..4 U > V ..(i).3 10. T < R. R > S .... T > P . R > P.. D > F > Y.. (ii).. From (ii) and (iii)... (iii) & (iv). (iii) From (ii) and (iii). P > U. (i). From (i) and (in). P > T.. (iii) From (i) and (iii). weget D > E = H > G D > H and G < D 8. we get.. (ii). (iv) From (ii). (i) . Hence I true. (i)...-. (i). E < T . (i). P< Q . Hence II may be correct but not necessarily so. 1 G = E . P = D and P < D...(iii) Combining. (1) and (2) may be true but not necessarily so. . From (iii).. T > U ... (iii) K < G .(i)... (i). 7.. (iii) Neither relationship can be established.2. (iv) and (i).. D > F... U = M....(ii).. we get P < Q = R P < R.4 11.(i).... (iii) Combining these.. Hence II is false. 15. 3.. we get J < K = F < H So. we get P< Q = R >S no relationship between P and S can be established.3.5 16. (ii). (iv) From (i) and (iv). Clearly. From (i) and (iii)..4.4. From (i) & (iii). H = E > F H > F... P > N From (ii) and (iii).. 13. R >S.. Hence I does not follow.... (ii). 12. D > F ... . E < S . (ii). 24. 4.3. using (i). M > B.. D > E. P > B. H = E .. Hence (3) is definitely true. H > G. P > Q...(ii). X > D > F >Y X >Y.... P < Q.. B >V. 21..... (i)... Hence (4) is not true. Thus II does not necessarily follow. again no relationship between W and V can be determined. G > K .. F > Y . 5. K < C.. Hence I follows. (i).. P > B < D no conclusion. we get.. N = M. Hence II follows. (ii). Y > U .4. Q > S . From (i) and (iv).... M < N.. we get M < N < U < T Hence M< T and T > N.... M > R.ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS 1.... Q= R . (ii).. J < H.

Hence II is not true.. (ii). .. 49. 5.. D >T > K D >K or K < D. or V = X. Hence II is true. (i).. (ii). 32.... 33. Hence II is not true. P > N ..(ii). 48. we get. we get D > F >T D >T.5. 45.(iii) From (ii) and (iii)... K > L. 39. S > P . but no definite conclusion)...5 36. A = B . G < H. D > F ..2 35. From (i) & (iii). (iii) From (ii) and (iii). (32-36): In these questions the negative meaning of these symbols is given to establish the relation between A and B.. Expressing them mathematically. Hence I is true. we get... From (ii) and (iii). (i). P = R ... G > M. we get R > P > Q R > Q or. From (iii). Hence I does not follow. we get B < K > R no conclusion.. N < S . 30. two possible relationships between P and Q are. (ii). C < A . Hence I is true. (iii) From (iii).28. L < G < H L < H. 42.. Hence II is true.. we get Y > Q > P Y > P... we get J > W=E J > E. or V < X. From II & (i).. B< A. (iii) Combining all... we get.. Hence both I and II are true. we get. ? < (smaller than). Hence either I or II is true.. we get Y >Q<P no conclusion. R < S ... D > E .(i).2.(ii). From (i) & (iii).. W = E .. Hence either I or II is true... From (i) and (iii). S > Q . c = (equal to).. (iii) From (ii) and (iii). Hence II is true. II contradicts statement (ii)..(iii) From (ii) and (iii).1.. L B.. N > L.(iii) From (i) and (ii).. (ii)... (i) B C .2. Q > R . (iii) From (ii) and (iii).... which can be easily converted to its simple and positive meaning.3 37. J H .. (ii). using (A). we get D > E >A D > A.. (i).... Hence II is true. (i).. we get Q > R = P Q > P. K < T ........ means either V > X... (ii). 4.... Q < R. J = P > N J > N I may be true but not necessarily so...(ii). P M . 40. (i).3.. Case II : When Q > P using (A).5.. we get N < P > Q No relationship between N and Q can be established.(i). 29. 4. and $ >. no definite relationship between S and M can be established.... we get.(ii) G < L .. (i). (ii).. J = P . Hence II is not true. we get G < L > N no conclusions... we get B < A < E B < E.... P = J H P H..4 43. Hence I is not true.. 34. we get Y > Z > Q Y > Q ..... But I and II together are exhaustive. W < X .. we get V< U > X no conclusion.(i).(iii) From (iii) and (i).1. Hence II is not true. P > Q . (ii).. T < F . we get L > G > M L > M.. (i) R > S . conclusion I is true. J > W . N < S > P no conclusion. Z > Q .. Case I : When P > Q Now. E > A . Hence II is not true.. 31... R> T . (iii) From (i) & (iii). Hencen I is true... K > R.. U >V . L< G. P > N . Y > Z . (iii) From (i) and (iii).... (iii) From (ii) & (iii)... From (i) and (iii).4 46. Hence I is false. Q < S > R>T No relationship between Q and T can be determined.. 44.. P > Q . (i). (iii) From (ii) and (iii). we get @ > (greater than)..B < K. M < N ..(i).. From (ii) and (iii). (ii). we get P < R > S no conclusion. 4. No relationship between R and L can be determined. But S > T.(iii) From (i) and (iii)..(i)... .. £ (means either greater than or smaller than. 4. Hence I is true.......3.. Q P . (A) Hence I is not true. we get.. Hence II is not true. Hence II does not follow. Hence I is not true. Hence again II may be true but H < P may be other possibility. we get M > J > W M > W. K > L < G I can’t be established...4 41. (ii) .. 38..(ii). U > X . From (i) and (ii).. 4. P < R .4 47.. (i). hence it is not true. J < M ....1.. (iii) From (i) and (ii). P # Q .

. (i).. B < D .. Hence I is true and II is not true... J < H . 3.....2. R > G . (iii) Combining (i) & (ii). (i).5 59. (i). conclusion I (M < P) & conclusion II (M = P) are not true. neither of them is true.. 4... (iii) Combining all. either conclusion I or II is true. 73. both conclusions are not true. Q < P .. S > T . we get W > A > B >M B <W B < W or B = W Hence. we get F > R > G . M < K .... D < P... B < K.2. 61.. either conclusion I or II is true. 60.. D = T .. R > P . Hence I may be true but not necessarily so.... M < W) are true. (i). (ii). 63. Combining all. Hence I is not true.. either conclusion I or conclusion II is true. (i).. W > T.3.. (i). (i).... (iii) From (i) and (ii). 72. (iii) Combining (i) and (ii). we get N = R < M N < M.(ii).. K > D . F > R .. R < M .... (i). (iii) From (i) and (ii)... M > R .. we get K > D > N K > N.. D < K ..(ii).. F < K .. N < T... 65.4.. (ii) R > N . T > M . 70. D < R .(i)..e.. Hence II is true but I is not true. 71... and Z and T.. (i).. (ii).. P > M .. Hence. 62.. 3.. (ii) .(iii) Combining (i) and (ii). M > J . we can’t get any specific relationship between G and V. Hence II can’t be established... (ii)... (i). (ii).. 3.. . (i) F > L .2 55. From (i) and (ii). Therefore conclusion I is not true. (iii) Combining all the equations. we get J<M=N<T T>J Hence...... we get R > P > M.. we get K > F > N > Z K > N and K > Z Hence. 64.... T = V.. (iii) Combining all the equations.. 4. B < A ... we get D = T > M D > M D = M or D > M Hence.. B < M . 66........2. Again. ie M > P or M = P.. (iii) Combining all...V < E . M < K . W > A .(iii) Combining all. Hence either I or II is true.(ii). V = M . Hence. (iii) Combining the equations (ii) and (iii). 4. 4.356.. R < M .. M < D.(ii). (ii). Hence. 69.. (ii). K > M. (i)..... combining all we can’t conclude the relationship between H and M..(iii) From (ii) and (iii).. 1.(i). Therefore... conclusion II (M < R) is true... conclusion I (K = N) is not necessarily true but conclusion II (K > Z) is true... From conclusion (iv). (ii). we get F > L=N F > N or N < F. (ii).. J < M . D < T.(i). K>N or K = N.. 74.. .. H < V .. conclusion I (E > M) and conclusion II (J > M) are not true. (iii) No relation can be established between E and M or between J and M. we get J < K > M no relationship between J and M can be established. Z < R. Hence... P < F ..... H > J...... 68.. (iii) From (ii) & (Hi). Z < N ..1. K > B . (i). 75. N < D ..(iv) Comparing (i) and (iv). Hence. F > N . J < K.(iii) Combining (ii) and (iii)... B > M . K = D....1 58..4. we get H < V = M > R no relationship between H and R can be established. (iii) From (ii) & (iii).5 57. we get W > T > M > B W > B and W > M.. 3. we get R > H = D ...50... we get P > D = K >M P > M. we cann’t get any specific relation between N and H. T > M .. 5 1.(ii). M = N... E > J . (iv) From (iii) and (iv). we get F = M > P > Q M > P. Hence. (ii)..... E > F .. 52. conclusion I (N = H) and conclusion II (N > H) are not true. Hence.(iv). (iii) Combining all... we get T < R < M T<M or M > T. (iii) From (i)... M > T . F = M .3. H = D . F < K .4 54.. we get M > T = V M > V either V = M or V < M is true. 53.(ii)..(iii) With these equations no relation can be established between D and Z.. i. R > D... both conclusions (W > B.. (ii).. But we can’t get any specific relation between D and R. T < R. either conclusion I (M = D) or conclusion II (D > M) is true... only conclusion I is true V < F .. 4. Since conclusions I and II are not exhaustive.... (ii). N = R ... 2.. (i).. L = N .. (i).... H > M .(iii) 67..5.. (ii). (i). we get E > F > L E > L Hence II is true.. we get R > M.(i)...

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