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Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, commonly known as Swatantryaveer Savarkar was a fearless freedom fighter, social reformer, writer, dramatist, poet, historian, political leader and philosopher. He remains largely unknown to the masses because of the vicious propaganda against him and misunderstanding around him that has been created over several decades. This website attempts to bring the life, thought, actions and relevance of Savarkar before a global audience.
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Veer Savarkar - A legend The first political leader to daringly set Absolute Political Independence as India's goal (1900). The first Indian political leader to daringly perform a bonfire of foreign (English) clothes (1905). The first Indian to organize a revolutionary movement for India's Independence on an international level (1906). The first Indian law student who was not called to the English Bar despite having passed his examination and observed the necessary formalities, for his activities to seek India's freedom from the British (1909). The only Indian leader whose arrest in London caused legal difficulties for British Courts and whose case is still referred to in the interpretations of the Fugitive Offenders Act and the Habeas Corpus (Rex Vs Governor of Brixton Prison, ex-parte Savarkar) The first Indian historian whose book on the 1857 War of Independence was proscribed by British Authorities in India even before its publication. The Governor General had asked the Postmaster General to confiscate copies of the book six months before the book was officially banned (1909). The first political prisoner whose daring escape and arrest on French soil became a cause celebre in the International Court of Justice at The Hague. This case was mentioned in many International Treaties at that time (1910). The first graduate whose degree was withdrawn by an Indian University for striving for India's freedom (1911). The first poet in the world who, deprived of pen and paper, composed his poems and then wrote them on the prison walls with thorns and nails, memorized ten thousand lines of his poetry for years and later transmitted them to India through his fellow-prisoners who also memorized these lines. The first revolutionary leader who within less than 10 years gave a death-blow to the practice of untouchability in the remote district of Ratnagiri while being interned there.
The first Indian leader who successfully started ○ A Ganeshotsava open to all Hindus including ex-untouchables (1930). ○ Interdining ceremonies of all Hindus including ex-untouchables (1931). ○ "Patitpavan Mandir", open to all Hindus including ex-untouchables (22 February 1931). ○ A cafe open to all Hindus including ex-untouchables (01 May 1933).
The first political prisoner in the world who was sentenced to Transportation for Life twice, a sentence unparalled in the history of the British Empire. The first political leader to embrace death voluntarily by way of Atma Samarpan in the highest tradition of Yoga (1966).
Chronology Of Savarkar's Life
28 May 1883 - Born in Bhagur, a tiny village in Dist. Nasik, Maharashtra 1892 - Lost his mother Radhabai 1898 - Took an oath before the family deity to conduct armed revolt against British Rule 09 Sep 1898 - Lost his father Damodarpant 01 Jan 1900 - Founded Mitra Mela, a secret revolutionary society 01 Mar 1901 - Married Yamuna (Mai) 19 Dec 1901 - Passed Matriculation examination 24 Jan 1902 - Joined Fergusson College, Pune May 1904 - Founded Abhinav Bharat - A revolutionary organisation Nov 1905 - Organised the first public bonfire of foreign clothes in Pune Dec 1905 - Passed B.A. examination June 1906 - Left for London 10 May 1907 - Celebrated Golden Jubilee of Indian War of Independence 1857 in London June 1907 - Wrote the book â€œJoseph Mazziniâ€ which was later published by Babarao Savarkar 1908 - Wrote 'Indian War of Independence 1857'. It was secretly published in Holland May 1909 - Passed Bar-at-Law examination, but granting of permission to practice was denied 01 July 1909 - Madanlal Dhingra shot dead Curzon Wyllie in London 24 Oct 1909 - Vijayadashmi celebrated under the Chairmanship of Gandhi at India House, London 13 Mar 1910 - Arrested on arrival in London from Paris 08 Jul 1910 - Epic escape through the port hole of SS Morea while being taken to India 24 Dec 1910 - Awarded Transportation for Life 31 Jan 1911 - Awarded Transportation for Life for the second time, the only person in the history of the British Empire to have received it twice
04 Jul 1911 - Entered the Cellular Jail, Andamans April 1919 - Yesuvahini, the wife of his elder brother passed away 21 May 1921 - Both brothers brought back to the Indian mainland 1921-1923 - Lodged at Alipore and Ratnagiri Jails 06 Jan 1924 - Released from Yerawada Prison and interned in Ratnagiri on condition that he would not participate in politics 07 Jan 1925 - Daughter Prabhat was born 10 Jan 1925 - A new weekly â€œShraddhanandâ€ launched in memory of Swami Shraddhanandji of Arya Samaj Mar 1925 - Dr. Hedgewar, who was to found the RSS later, met Savarkar 01 Mar 1927 - Gandhi called on Savarkar at Ratnagiri 17 Mar 1928 - Son Vishwas was born 16 Nov 1930 - First interdining organized as a part of social reform campaign Feb 1931 - Instrumental in establishment of Patitpavan Mandir open to all Hindus 25 Feb 1931 - Presided over Bombay Presidency Untouchability Eradication Conference 26 Apr 1931 - Chairman of the Somvanshi Mahar Parishad in the premises of Patitpavan Mandir 17 Sep 1931 - Arranged programmes such as keertan by a person belonging to the bhangi caste, interdining of 75 ladies as a part of social reform campaign 22 Sep 1931 - Prince of Nepal, Hem Bahadur Samsher Singh called on Savarkar 10 May 1937 - Unconditional release from internment at Ratnagiri 10 Dec 1937 - Elected as President of Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha at its 19th Session at Karnavati (Ahmedabad) and continued to be re-elected President for the next seven years 15 Apr 1938 - Elected as President of Marathi Sahitya Sammelan 01 Feb 1939 - Started unarmed resistance against the Nizam of Bhaganagar (Hyderabad) 22 Jun 1941 - Netaji Subhas Chandra Bose called on Savarkar 25 Dec 1941 - Bhagalpur struggle May 1943 - Public felicitations on the occasion of 61st birth anniversary 14 Aug 1943 - University of Nagpur conferred Honorary D.Litt. on Savarkar 05 Nov 1943 - Elected president of Marathi Natya Sammelan at Sangli 16 Mar 1945 - Elder brother Babarao passed away 19 Apr 1945 - Presided over All India Princely States Hindu Sabha Conference at Baroda (Gujarat) 08 May 1945 - Daughter Prabhat married at Pune Apr 1946 - Bombay Government lifted ban on Savarkarâ€™s literature 15 Aug 1947 - Hoisted both Bhagwa and Tricolour Flags on Savarkar Sadanto celebrate India's independence 05 Feb 1948 - Arrested under the Preventive Detention Act after Gandhi's murder
10 Feb 1949 - Acquitted in Gandhi Murder Trial 19 Oct 1949 - Youngest brother Dr. Narayanrao Savarkar passed away Dec 1949 - Inaugurated Calcutta session of the Akhil Bharat Hindu Mahasabha 04 Apr 1950 - Was arrested and detained in Belgaum jail on the eve of arrival of Pakistani Prime Minister Liaquat Ali in Delhi May 1952 - Public function held at Pune to announce the dissolution of Abhinav Bharat, the revolutionary society having achieved its aim of freeing India Feb 1955 - Presided over Silver Jubilee celebrations of Patitpavan Mandir at Ratnagiri 23 Jul 1955 - Was the Chief Speaker at Lokmanya Tilak Centenary Celebrations in Pune 10 Nov 1957 - Main speaker at the Centenary Celebrations of the Indian War of Independence 1857 held in New Delhi 28 May 1958 - Accorded a civic reception by Greater Bombay Municipal Corporation on the occasion of his Diamond Jubilee 08 Oct 1959 - University of Pune conferred honorary D. Litt. at his residence 24 Dec 1960 - Mrityunjay Divas celebration - a day set down for the release of Savarkar after completing the sentences of two Transportation for Life 15 Apr 1962 - Sri Prakash, Governor of Bombay called upon Savarkar at his residence to pay his respects 29 May 1963 - Hospitalized for a fracture in the leg 08 Nov 1963 - Savarkarâ€™s wife Yamuna passed away Sep 1965 - Taken seriously ill 01 Feb 1966 - Takes a decision to fast unto death 26 Feb 1966 - 10.30 a.m., at the age of 83, Savarkar left his mortal coil 27 Feb 1966 - Cremation at the electric crematorium, the final salute given by 2500 uniformed swayamsevaks of the RSS and millions of admirers across the country Â
Â VANDE MATRAM......!!
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