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SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5

)


QADI;

1. Find the total number of prime factors of (6
41
×3
56
×11
7
×65
9
).
1. 5 2. 9 3. 42 x 98 x 800 4. 42 x 57 x 8 x 10

2. For how many values of n would (n – 1)! not be divisible by n, if n is a natural number less than
50?
1. 49 2. 24 3. 16 4. 15

3. A bus started from its depot filled to capacity. It stops at point A where one-fifth of the passengers
alight and 24 board the bus. At point B, one-fourth of the passengers alight and 12 board the bus.
At point C which was the last stop all the 120 passengers alight. Find the capacity of the bus.
1. 120 2. 135 3. 150 4. 165

4. How many numbers exist of the type 16401_61_4 are divisible by 72?
1. 2 2. 3 3. 4 4. More than 4

5. The HCF and LCM of two numbers are 75 and 864 respectively. If one of the numbers is 240, find
the other number.
1. 240 2. 270 3. 300 4. Data inconsistent

6. A building worth Rs. 5,00,000 was constructed on a land worth Rs. 3,00,000 Co-incidentally that
year, the value of land appreciated by x% and the value of the building depreciated by the same
x%. Another co-incidence was that at the end of the year, the value of the land was same as the
value of the building. Find the value of x.
1. 20% 2. 25% 3. 33.33% 4. 40%

7. To construct a new building, a school decided to solicit donations from its patrons. 40% of its
patrons contributed on an average Rs. 5000 each, but this collected amount accounted for just 25%
of the requirement of funds. How much should each of the remaining patrons contribute on an
average, so that the school is able to raise the required amount?
1. Rs. 6,666.66 2. Rs. 7,500 3.Rs. 8,000 4. Rs. 10,000

8. Fresh grapes consist of 90% water whereas dry grapes consist of 20% water. Find the amount of
dry grapes that can be obtained from 20 kgs of fresh grapes.
1. 2.5 kgs 2. 4kgs. 3. 6 kgs 4. 8 kgs

9. A retailer purchases goods at a discount of 25% on the MRP. What is the maximum discount that
the retailer can offer to a customer on the MRP if he wishes to make a profit of 10%?
1. 15% 2. 16.66% 3. 17.5% 4. 20%

10. A sum of Rs. 1300 is divided among P, Q, R and S such that
P′s shu¡c
ç

s Shu¡c
=
ç

s shu¡c
R

s shu¡c
=
R

s shu¡c
S

s shu¡c
=
2
3

Find P’s share.
1. 130 2. 60 3. 390 4. 520

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


11. 10 students can do a job in 8 days but on the starting day two of them informed that they are not
coming. By what fraction will the number of days required for doing the whole work get increased?
1. 2 2. 1 3.
1
2
4.
1
4


12. Certain amount is distributed among A, B and C such that A receives the largest amount and C
receives the lowest amount. The ratio of the differences in the amounts of A & B, and B and C is in
the ratio 2 : 3. If A receives Rs. 125 more than C and B receives Rs. 175, find the total amount
distributed.
1. 400 2. 450 3. 500 4. none of these

13. The incomes of A and B are in the ratio 8 : 5 and their expenditure are in the ratio 10 : 11. Who
among A and B saves more?
1. A 2. B 3. Both are equal 4. Can not be determined

14. While entering the monthly sales data of the year 2005 in a computer file, a sales figure of three
digits was entered wrongly by reversing the order of the digits e.g. instead of ‘abc’, it was keyed in
as ‘cba’. Find the maximum decrease in the average monthly sales of the year that could be
possible because of this error.
1. 80 2. 78.5 3. 74.25 4. 71.12

15. A mixture of 125 gallons of wine and water contains 20% water. How much water should be added
to the mixture in order to increase the percentage of water to 25% of the new mixture?
1. 5 gallons 2. 7.1 gallons 3. 8.33 gallons 4. 9.25 gallons

16. A milkman ordered his assistant to first remove 3 litres out of the 8 litres of a solution of milk and
water and then add 3 litres of water to it. Thinking that it would not make any difference, the lab
assistant first added 3 litres of water and then removed 3 litres of the solution. Find the ratio of the
expected concentration of the milk to the actual concentration of the milk.
1. 1 : 1 2. 21 : 52 3. 55 : 64 4. 605 : 512

17. Two trains are separated by 3.5 km and traveling towards each other at speeds of 54 kmph and 72
kmph. At the same moment, a bird starts flying to and fro between the train i.e. it starts from front
of one train, flies towards the other train, when it reaches the front of other train, it turns back and
flies towards the first train. It keeps doing so till the two trains start crossing each other. Find the
total distance traveled by the bird, if its speed is 90 kmph.
1. 3.5 km 2. 3 km 3. 2.5 km 4. 2 km

18. A tank can be filled by an inlet pipe of circular cross-section in 10 minutes. Another tank twice as
big is filled by 3 inlet pipes whose diameters are in the ratio 1 : 2 : 3. If the smallest of these pipes
is four times as much in cross section as the pipe of the first tank, find the time taken to fill the
second tank with all the three pipes working. The speed of the flow of water in the second tank is
half the speed of the flow of water in the first tank.
1. 5/7mins 2. 5/4mins 3.3
1
2
mins 4. 11 mins

19. Two cyclists are running on a circular track of 500 m. They start from the same point A at the same
time. If they meet for the first time at a point 200 m from A, which of the following could be a
possible ratio of their speeds?
1. 1 : 3 2. 2 : 3 3. 3 : 5 4. 7 : 11

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


20. Shyama and Vyom walk up an escalator. Shyama takes three steps for every two of Vyom’s step.
Shyama gets to the top of the escalator after having taken 25 steps, while Vyom (because of his
slower pace lets the escalator do a little more of the work) takes only 20 steps to reach the top. If
the escalator were turned off, how many steps would they take to walk up?
1. 40 steps 2. 50 steps 3. 60 steps 4. 80 steps

21. Rohan and Sohan together complete a piece of work in a certain number of days. Had they worked
independently, the ratio of the number of days taken more than what it took working
simultaneously, by each of them would have been 9 : 16, respectively. If they received Rs. 7000 for
completing the work, what is Rohan’s share?
1. Rs. 2520 2. Rs. 3000 3. Rs. 4000 4. Rs. 4480

22. In a race of 500 meters, A gives B a start of 100 meters and both reach the finishing point
simultaneously. Had A and B started simultaneously with B from the starting point and A from 100
meters behind the starting point, who would reach the finishing point first and how many meters
ahead of the other?
1. B, 25 meters 2. A, 25 meters 3. B, 20 meters 4. A, 20 meters

23. If a
1
, a
2
, a
3
, ……, an are n integers, such that a
1
a
2
a
3
…..an, then the minimum value of
(a
1
+a
2
+a
3
+……+a
n
) is
1. -(n-1)if n is even 2. (n-2) if n is odd
3. (2-n)if n is odd 4. (n-1)if n is even.

24. There are M positive numbers and the average of each possible pair of these numbers is found. If
the average of all these averages is N, what is the average of M numbers?
1. N 2. M+N 3. M+N/2 4. N/M

25. About a unit circle, a regular hexagon is circumscribed, about which another circle is
circumscribed, about which an equilateral triangle is circumscribed, about which a third circle is
circumscribed. Find in simplified and exact form, the ratio of the area of the smallest circle to that
of the largest.
1. 3 : 15 2. 4 : 5 3. 3 : 16 4. 1 : 2

26. Consider the trapezium ABCD with the parallel sides, AB and CD being 12 cm and 8 cm
respectively. The diagonals AC and BD intersect each other at O. From O, a line parallel to the
parallel sides is drawn such that it intersects AD and BC at E and F. Find length of line segment
EF.

1. 16 2. 12 3.
48
5
4. 8




A B
C D
O
E F
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


Directions for questions 27 to 29:
A, B, C, D, E and F are six private firms which require chemical - X for the production of the chemical –
Z. All these firms purchase both the chemicals from company - ‘V’. Company – V produce chemical – X
and sell it to the all the six firms. If total production of chemical – X by company – V in a day is less than
the total order of the chemical by these six firms, it delivers chemical – X in the ratio of the demand by
these six firms. Table given below tells about the order of the chemical by these six firms in the last four
days.











Company – V produce 100 liters of chemical in a day.

27. What is the total amount of chemical sold by company ‘V’ to firm – B?
1. 52.5 Liter 2. 68.5 Liter 3. 77.0 Liter 4. 62.5 Liter

28. What should be the amount of chemical in the order placed by firm – E on day – 4 to get delivery of
exactly 50 liters of chemical – X?
1. 125 Liter 2. 175 Liter 3. 200 Liter 4. 225 Liter

29. All the firms have an option to revise their orders in the alphabetical order. All the firms placed orders
using the latest available orders of all the other firms to ensure delivery of chemical equal to their initial
order e. g. firm – A places revise order using the orders of other firms given in the table, firm – B places
revise order using the revise order of A and orders of other firms given in the table. What is the revised
order by firm – D for Day – 3?
1. 195 Liter 2. 175 Liter 3. 210 Liter 4. 215 Liter

Directions for questions 30 to 33:

Firm Day – 1 Day – 2 Day – 3 Day – 4
A 20 Liter 30 Liter 20 Liter 30 Liter
B 30 Liter 35 Liter 30 Liter 40 Liter
C 35 Liter 35 Liter 40 Liter 45 Liter
D 20 Liter 25 Liter 35 Liter 40 Liter
E 20 Liter 35 Liter 40 Liter 50 Liter
F 25 Liter 40 Liter 35 Liter 45 Liter
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)




Bar graphs given above tell about the age group and income group of the 400 people in a society named
‘SkyLark’. Only a person of age group 25 – 50 can be employed. A person can only be retired if he was
employed at some point of time.

30. What is the minimum number of people in the age group of 16 – 30, who are unemployed?
1. 0 2. 20 3. 50 4. 70

31. What is the no. of people employed in the age group of 46 – 60?
1. 5 2. 25 3. 70 4. Can’t be determined

32. Which of the following could be the no. of people unemployed in the age group of 16 – 30?
1. 90 2. 95 3. 75 4. 100

33. If no. of people in the age group 0 – 15 and 16 – 30 are not given, which of the following is/are
definitely true?
A. Total no. of people in both the category is 150.
B. Minimum no. of people in the age group 16 – 30 is 30.
C. Exactly 30 people are employed in the age group of 16 – 30.
1. Only A 2. A & B 3. A & C 4. B & C














0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
0 -
15
16 -
30
31 -
45
46 -
60
61 -
75
76 -
90
90+
No. of People
0
20
40
60
80
100
120
140
160
180
200
No. of People
No. of
People
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)




Directions for questions 34 to 36:

Freddy Limited
Grades Salary
packages
Number of
employees
A 50 Lakh 30
B 50
C 35 Lakh
D 30 Lakh 75
E 80
F 25 Lakh












There are three companies namely Freddy Limited, Teddy Limited & Meddy Limited engaged in the
Pharmaceutical business. All the three companies are multinational companies and have divided their
work force into six grades starting from A – F. Responsibility given to an employee of a particular grade
is same in all the three companies. All of them offer different yearly pay packages to an employee of a
particular grade as given in the tables. Tables also tell about the number of employees in all the three
companies individually under different grades. All three companies follow a pattern i.e. In grade A salary
package is highest and number of employees are lowest, in grade B salary package is second highest &
number of employees are second lowest and so on. All pay packages are in multiple of 1 lakh. Some of
the data is deliberately left blank in the tables.

34. If Freddy & Meddy Limited interchanged their number of employees and thereafter Meddy and
Teddy Limited interchanged their number of employees under Grade – B. Then net payment to the all
employees under grade – B increased by 50 lakhs. What is the salary package offered by Freddy Limited
to an employee of grade – B?
1. 38 Lakh. 2. 40 Lakh 3. 42 Lakh 4. 45 Lakh

35. If number of employees under a particular grade is same in exactly two of the above companies.
Which of the following can not be the total number employees in the three companies?
1. 1222 2. 1256 3. 1353 4. 1400

36. Number of employee of a company under a particular grade is the average of the number of employee
of other two companies under same grade except for grade E. Employees of exactly six grades out of the
total eighteen grades are not given. How many out of these six we can determine uniquely?
1. 1 2. 2 3. 3 4. 4

Teddy Limited
Grades Salary
packages
Number of
employees
A 35 Lakh
B 30 Lakh 50
C 60
D 25 Lakh
E 12 Lakh 80
F 90
Meddy Limited
Grades Salary
packages
Number of
employees
A 49
B 35 Lakh
C 25 Lakh 60
D 85
E 15 Lakh
F 8 Lakh 150
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


DIRECTIONS for Questions 37 to 40:
In class X of a particular school there are 40 students. In a particular week starting from Monday, on each
of the six days of the week the number of students that were absent is either 2 or 3 or 5. Eight teachers are
asked to count the number of students that were present on each of the six days of that week. On Sunday
each of the eight teachers were asked to present the attendance record of the class for that week to the
principal of the school. The following table lists down the data given to the principal of the school.

Teachers Monday Tuesday Wednesday Thursday Friday Saturday
T1 38 35 37 37 38 38
T2 35 35 38 35 37 37
T3 37 38 38 35 37 35
T4 38 37 37 35 38 37
T5 35 37 38 38 37 35
T6 38 37 37 38 35 35
T7 38 37 38 37 35 37
T8 37 38 35 37 35 38

It is also known that on no two consecutive days, the number of students that were absent is the same and
there is only one teacher who did not make a mistake in counting the number of students that were present
in the class on each of the six days of the week. Also, there are exactly three teachers who have made a
mistake in counting the number of students that were present in the class on each of the six days of the
week.

37. Which of the following teachers made a mistake in counting the number of students on each of the six
days of the week?

1. T2 2. T5 3. T6 4. Both (1) and (2)
38. On how many days, T7 did not make a mistake in counting the number of students that were present
in the class?

1. 6 2. 2 3. 4 4. 1

39. How many teachers did not make a mistake in counting the number of students that were present in
the class on more number of days than T4?

1. 5 2. 4 3. 2 4. 1

40. What is the sum of the number of students that were absent on the different days of the week?

1. 21 2. 22 3. 23 4. 20








SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


VERBAL ABILITY:

1. Match the explanations of the idiomatic references given on the right hand side to their respective
idiomatic references given on the left hand side.

(i)To Bring home (a)To withdraw
(ii)To Pull away (b) To be communicated from person to person
(iii)To Go the rounds (c) To make perfectly clear
(iv)To Look in on (d) To visit

1. (i) – b, (ii) – c, (iii) – d, (iv) – a
2. (i) – c, (ii) – a, (iii) – b, (iv) – d
3. (i) – a, (ii) – c, (iii) – b, (iv) – d
4. (i) – c, (ii) – b, (iii) – d, (iv) – a

2. Find the maximum number of times any one of the given words fits the sets of sentences.
FLY FLEW FLYING FLOWN
(i) The troops let ------------- a volley of gunfire.
(ii) We took our lunch on the -------------.
(iii) He ------------- the country, just in time.
(iv) The dogs ----------- at each other’s throats.

1. In all 4 sentences
2. In 3 sentences
3. In 2 sentences
4. In 1 sentence

3. Which two sentences in the following convey the same idea? Choose from the combinations listed
below:
(i) In the end, they did work out their personal differences.
(ii) They solved their personal differences.
(iii) They refused to talk to each other because of their personal differences.
(iv) Their personal differences got even worse in the end.

1. (i) and (iii)
2. (i) and (ii)
3. (i) and (iv)
4. None of these

4. Find the correct match of grammatical function with usage for the word, ‘LABOR’ which has been
used in 4 different ways in the following sentences.
(i) There is a shortage of skilled labor in this field.
(ii) She was in labor for six hours.
(iii) His labor did not require a great deal of skill.
(iv) For years he labored to finish his doctorate.

1. Adjective, adjective, adjective, verb.
2. Noun, adjective, adjective, verb.
3. Noun, noun, noun, verb
4. Adjective, adjective, noun, verb.
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


5. The plural of the word ‘antenna’ is:
1. Antennae 2. Antennas 3. Both 1 and 2 4. None of the above

6. The correct meaning of the phrasal verb ‘to give away’ is:
1. To make way for someone
2. To betray someone
3. To bestow something on someone
4. To commit a magnanimous act.

7. Fill in the blank, selecting the most appropriate option out of the following given options:
Having published more than twenty books in less than thirty years, fiction writer Georges Cadillac
may well be the most………author of our day.
1.Fastidious 2.Insecure 3.Outmoded 4.Prolific

8. Choose the option which is nearly opposite in meaning to ‘CALLOW’:
1. Crude 2.Exquisite 3.Experienced 4.Cautious

9. Choose the sentence/s where the underlined word is used in-correctly
1. The patient bore up well during the long illness.
2. Finacial pressures are bearing down on me.
3. “You should bear on mind that this is a no-smoking zone!”
4. You have to bear along with your friends, no matter howsoever irritating they may be.

1. 1 & 2 2.1,2, and 4 3. 3 & 4 4. 2,3 and 4

10. Replace the underlined portion of the sentence, choosing the option which is grammatically most
correct.
A fire in a closed space burns with the help of reflected radiation which preheats the fuel, thereby
making ignition much easier and flames spreading more quickly.
1. flames spreading
2. flames are caused to spread
3. causing flames to spread
4. causing spreading of the flames

Directions for questions 11 & 12: Fill in the blanks, choosing the most appropriate option from the
options given below:

11. ----------------------- by nature, Arjun spoke very little even to his own family members and friends.
1. Garrulous 2. Equivocal 3. Taciturn 4. Arrogant

12. The ---------------- weather forced us to stay indoors.
1. Enticing 2. Glorious 3. Restorative 4. Inclement

13. Choose the option which represents the grammatically correct sentences out of the following given
sentences.
(a) The dilapidated auditorium has witnessed many ceremonies and convocations.
(b) You can look at the key questions for the long and the short of it.
(c) She immediately cooked an excuse on being asked about her mysterious whereabouts.
(d) Around 80% of the area is treated by insecticide.

1. (a) and (b) 2. (b) and (c) 3. (c) and (d) 4. (b) and (d)
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


14. If Deference: respect, then,
1. Admiration: jealousy
2. Condescension: hatred
3. Affection: love
4. Pretence: Truth

15. If Diplomat: tact, then,
1. Novice: expertise
2. Virtuoso: skill
3. Sybarite: energy
4. Philanderer: restraint

16. Match the several meanings of the word ‘Snap’ with their appropriate usages on the right hand
side.
(i)To be resilient (a) The colonel snapped out a command to
which everyone responded immediately.
(ii) Elasticity (b) She snapped out of her morose situation
pretty quickly.
(iii) To utter abruptly or sharply (c) He snapped his fingers like a magician.
(iv) Clicking of the fingers (d) My bag’s cover has lost its snap.

1. (i) – (b), (ii) – (d), (iii) – (a), (iv) – (c)
2. (i) – (d), (ii) – (c), (iii) – (b), (iv) – (a)
3. (i) – (a), (ii) – (c), (iii) – (b), (iv) – (d)
4. (i) – (c), (ii) – (b) (iii) – (d), (iv) – (a)

17. From the words given below, find the odd one out:
1. Remonstrate 2. Cavil 3. Sycophant 4. Demur

18. Choose the option which represents the grammatically incorrect sentences out of the following
given sentences.
(a) According to a recent study, economic problems, together with their serious consequences,
ranks as one of the high causes of divorce in the US.
(b) The people of the ancient Mesopotamian Empire had been renowned warriors, although they
also created some of the well-designed ancient buildings.
(c) Each of the movies were great.
(d) She became the cynosure of all eyes right from the time she joined the party.
1. (a), (b) & (c) 2. Only (c) 3. (a) and (d) 4. (a), (b) and (d)

19. Choose the sentence where the underlined word is used in-correctly
1. They had an invigorating chat over coffee.
2. The painter put a coat of varnish over the wooden posts.
3. You will be paid for travel expenses over and above entertainment costs.
4. Is the concert yet over?

20. Choose the correct meaning for the word ‘Dandy’ from the options given below:
1. A person who is extremely elegant in clothes and manners.
2. A person who loves to gossip and spread rumors.
3. A person who is fond of trying out new cuisines.
4. A person who is a multi-linguist.
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



21. Which of the following given word is mis-spelt?
1. Phantasmagoric
2. Camaradrie
3. Pecuniary
4. Righteous

22. Fill in the blank using the most appropriate option from the options given below:
Though she ------------------------- at the last minute, in the surgeon’s absence, yet she managed to
do a good job.
1. Filled out 2. Filled 3. Filled in 4. Filled with

23. A hors d'oeuvre is closest in meaning to:
1. The place where horses are bred
2. A riding ranch
3. An appetizer served before a meal
4. The literature devoted to animals.

24. One sentence has been written in 4 different ways. Choose the option that is grammatically the
most appropriate way of writing the sentence.
1. Defining your terms and conditions clearly strengthens your case.
2. Defining your terms and conditions will clearly strengthen your case.
3. To define your terms and conditions strengthens your case.
4. Having defined your terms and conditions clearly strengthens your case.

Directions for questions from 25 to 27: The sentences in each question have been placed in a random
order, without any logical sequence. Re-arrange the sentences so as to form perfect semantic and
grammatical sense. Choose from the options given below each question representing the best order of
sentences.
25. A. he expounded on the role of the CEO
B. it is also the company’s responsibility to help the CEO do his or her job.
C. In his last essay for the Wall Street J ournal
D. making the twin fold proposition that while it is the CEO’s job to set directions for the company
E. published in December 2004

1. EACBD 2. EDCBA 3. CEADB 4. DBAEC

26. A. so it is with motives
B. and outlives his parents
C. becomes self-active and self-determining
D. develops a will of his own,
E. Just as a child gradually repudiates his dependence on his parents,

1. EDCBA 2. CADEB 3. DCABE 4. ABDEC

27. A. and had even threatened to put him under arrest
B. Deputy Commissioner Nagarwala had treated him with brusqueness
C. with the result that, at J ain’s first interview with him
D. by going over their heads to their political superior
E. he had irritated the police hierarchy

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


1. DECBA 2. BADEC 3. ABCDE 4. EDCBA
28. We would find it almost impossible to imagine a life in total social isolation. J ust try to imagine
that you are stranded on an island in a room, with not a single soul (except you), either inside or in
close vicinity. Even with all the necessary supply of food and water ensured, you may find it to be
nothing short of a hellish life.
Several studies done on children brought up in social isolation, due to any reason whatsoever, have
revealed that they lag behind other children in social development, especially interpersonal
relationships, cooperation and teamwork. Such children, when they were put in a normal social
environment with elders and peers, had great difficulty in interpreting their social world and were
able to adjust competently only after great effort.
Which of the following can be legitimately inferred from the paragraph above?
1. Development of important social skills among adult humans necessitates a social environment
having parents and siblings.
2. A social environment goes a long way in developing important social skills among
children.
3. The effects of total social isolation do not apply to animals.
4. Children brought up in a very social environment should find social isolation easier to handle.

Directions for questions from 29 to 40: Read the passages and answer the questions given below:
Passage 1

When high tidal waves hit the Indian coastline the last time before December 26, 2004, they were not
called ‘tsunami’ waves as they are now known. Ancient scriptures and literature have evidence that waves
from the Indian Ocean did hit the Nagapattinam coast in 900 AD and destroyed a monastery.

According to literature available in the library of Thondaiman kingdom in PuduKottai, Tamil Nadu, it
was during the reign of Raja Raja Chola that waves had washed away the monastery and several temples,
and killed hundreds of people. There is evidence of this even in Kalki Krishnamurthy’s novel ‘Ponniyin
Selvan-The Pinnacle of Sacrifice’.

In the chapter ‘The Sea Rises’, the author explains how the sea had risen so high it seemed to be touching
the mass of dark clouds suspended in the sky. The black mountain of water, far from being stationery,
was moving steadily forward. The sea inundated warehouses and sheds and began to flow into the streets.
Ships and boats seemed suspended in mid-air, precariously poised over the water peaks. The book also
describes how the gushing waters swallowed an elephant.
According to Vijay Kumar Thondaiman, brother of the Thondaiman prince, the library of the royal family
of Pudukotti had a collection of 12000 books dating back to the17th century. These books talk about the
Buddhist monastery-Raja Raja Chozan went to conquer Sri Lanka and instead became a devotee of the
Buddha himself and allowed the Buddhists to build a temple in Nagapattinam. It was around that time
that the monastery was totally washed away.

More about such havoc is described in the great epic ‘Sillapathikaram’, written in Tamil 2000 years ago
by Elango Adigal, a Jain monk. He has recorded how Cauvery Poompatinam, now known as Poompuhur,
was destroyed and even today, we find the ruins excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India. It talks
about the sea waves that came and destroyed the place. The waters came inland and evidence of
destruction of temples is still there. A whole township and its people were forced to shift to drier lands.
They are now the Chettairs, a leading business community of Tamil Nadu, who are supposed to have
existed from the Sanagm age.

Another historic temple town- Mahabalipuram-also faced the fury of the sea and in 1200 AD, a portion of
the famous temple was washed away. Many other monuments were also lost. The Pallava dynasty, to
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


which Narasimha Pallava and his father Mahendra Varman belonged, had built the Mahabalipuram
temple.

‘The Wonder that Was India’ by A.L.Basham speaks of the Chozha, Pallava, and Pandya dynasties and
also describes Mahabalipuram’s destruction by sea waves. The ‘History of South India’ by K.A.Neelkanta
Shastry talks about changes in the level of the Coromandal coast and mentions how Korkai and Kayal on
the Tirunelveli coast are now buried under dunes.

29. According to the passage, when did Nagapattinam face the wrath of the sea?
1. 1200 AD. 2.2000 years ago. 3. 900 AD. 4. 17
th
century.

30. According to the passage, who had built the temple in Mahabalipuram?
1. The Pallavas. 2. Narasimha Pallava.
3. Mahendra Varman. 4. The Pandyas.

31. How do we come to know that Poompuhur was destroyed?
1. From the excavations of the ASI.
2. From the book ‘The history of South India’.
3. From the book by Vijay Kumar Thondaiman.
4. From the book ‘Sillapathikaram’.

32. What prompted Raja Raja Chozan to build the Buddhist monastery in Nagapattinam?
1. His devotion to Buddhism.
2. The Buddhist monks.
3. Brother of the Thondaiman prince.
4. The royal family of Pudukotti.

33. Which of the following is not a fact mentioned in the book ‘Ponniyin Selvan- The Pinnacle of
Sacrifice’?
1. The people of the town were forced to move to drier places.
2. The waters swallowed an elephant.
3. Ships and boats were suspended in mid-air.
4. The water looked like a black mountain.

Passage 2

Science fiction is coming alive. A laser beam- a painless zap of light- is making incisions, vapourizing
tumours, closing blood vessels, reducing pigmentation, and treating skin wrinkles. Technological
advances are on to newer applications of future generation of lasers.

All laser surgeries use the principle of selective photo-thermolysis, choosing a specific amount and
wavelength of laser energy for a particular tissue. Different types of lasers are available of which each
type works in a different manner, and is used for different treatment options.

Lasers have made their way into cosmetic and reconstructive surgery of the face, eyes, ears and nose. The
use of lasers in cosmetic surgery is almost 50 to 60 percent. Initially lasers were used to remove port-wine
stains, spider-veins, and hemangiomas. Then came hair removal, photo-rejuvenation, removal of
wrinkles, and removal of pigmentation, freckles, birth marks, and tattoos. For each procedure, different
types of lasers are used and the power has to be adjusted according to the skin colour, explains Dr.
L.D.Dhami, practicing cosmetic, plastic and laser surgeon attached to the Nanavati Hospital, Mumbai.
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


Lasers are also used to transplant hair and in surgery to stop snoring and even relieve pain, adds Dr. Sri
Ganesh, fellow, American Academy of Ophthalmology, Medical Director, Netradhama, Bangalore. Laser
is also used for refractive surgeries, retinal surgeries and glaucoma surgeries of the eyes. Lasik Laser
surgery for correcting refractive errors of the eye is an effective and safe surgery when done with good
equipment and experienced surgeons.

Every surgical field today makes use of lasers in surgery. Surgeons have started using laser as a “light
scalpel”, as Dr. Yatish Aggarwal, a senior faculty at the Vardhman Mahavir Medical College and
Safdarjung Hospital, New Delhi, puts it, ‘Laser as a surgical tool is a revolution because of its high
precision, quickness, and its ability to cut and coagulate tissues without causing any damage to the
surrounding healthy tissue’.

However, even with the sparkle, pure colour and high-energy beam, the laser may not always be the best
tool for surgery. Certain lasers may temporarily or permanently discolour the skin of a dark-skinned
person. Some types of laser surgeries are not advisable for pregnant women and individuals with cardio-
pulmonary diseases or other serious health problems. Imprecisely aimed, lasers can burn or destroy
healthy tissues.

34. According to the passage, what does laser surgery involve?
1. It involves newer applications of future generations of lasers.
2. It involves the application of the principle of selective photo-thermolysis.
3. They involve treatment of cosmetic and reconstruction surgery.
4. They are just a painless zap of light.

35. Which of the following is not a use of laser in ophthalmology?
1. Removal of pigmentation.
2. Retinal surgeries.
3. Glaucoma surgeries.
4. Refractive surgeries.

36. Which of the following is not a benefit of laser surgery?
1. Its quickness.
2. Its ability to cut and coagulate tissues without any damage.
3. Its ability to be a revolution.
4. Its high precision.

37. Which of the following is not a drawback of laser surgery?
1. They are not advisable for pregnant women.
2. They are called ‘light scalpel’.
3. They are not good for patients of cardio-pulmonary diseases.
4. They can harm or burn healthy tissues.

Directions for questions from 38 to 40: Some portions of the sentences given below have been
underlined and marked with an alphabet. One of the portions is grammatically incorrect. Identify the
incorrect portion and accordingly choose the appropriate option. Incase there is no grammatical error,
choose the option indicating – ‘no error’.

38. I don’t agree with (a) some of the issues they have (b) raised in the rating rationale(c). No error. (d)
1. (a) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (d)

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


39. As soon as the effects of the newly manicured lawns (a) began to wear of, (b) the owner summoned
(c) the gardener. No error. (d)

1. (a) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (d)

40. A letter by Mark Twain, written in the same year (a) as “The Adventures of Huckleberry Finn”
were published, (b) reveals that (c) Twain provided funds to one of the Black students at a Law
School. No error. (d)
1. (a) 2. (b) 3. (c) 4. (d)





SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


GENERAL AWARENESS:

1. Which of the following state has established ‘ Gau Ayog’ , a commission to protect cows?
1. Haryana 2. Bihar 3. Uttarpradesh 4. Uttaranchal

2. Bharti Walmart has recently launched a sustainable agriculture program in which of the following
states?
1. Haryana 2. Bihar 3. Punjab 4. Uttaranchal

3. Which of the following state in north east is going to have its first greenfield airport project?
1. Assam 2. Meghalaya 3. Tripura 4. Arunachal Pradesh

4. Which of the following best describes ‘Smile Train’?
1. A train for tourism launched on Children’s Day
2. A Charity mission providing palate surgery for children
3. India-Pakistan Peace Initiative
4. Tata’s new ad campaign

5. Which of the following state has launched an E-waste disposal system called CRYSTAL?
1. Maharashtra 2. Tamil Nadu 3. Karnataka 4. Andhra Pradesh

6. Which of the following city hosted the fifth World Telecommunication Development Conference?
1. Hyderabad 2. Banglore 3. Mumbai 4. Pune

7. “Mid-Day” a leading newspaper merged with which of the following publishing housed recently?
1. Times of India
2. Dainik J agran
3. India Today
4. Punjabi Kesari

8. Which of the following art pieces of Pablo Picasso became the most expensive art of the history by
fetching US $ 106 million in an auction?
1. Guernica
2. Mona Lisa
3. Nude, Green Leaves and Bust
4. Three Musicians

9. On which of the following day is Earth Day celebrated?
1. June 5 2. May 20 3. April 22 4. October 24

10. “Native Trails” a new monthly magazine was launched by tourism department of which of the
following state/U.T?
1. Kerala
2. Andaman Nicobar
3. Assam
4. Uttaranchal

11. Which of the following DTH service provider has tied up with Rajasthan Tourism Dept. to provide
the service to passengers of the famous “Palace on wheels” train?
1. Tata Sky 2. Dish TV 3. Big TV 4. Airtel

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


12. Carlisle Cullen has been named the richest fictional character by Forbes Fictional 15 Awards. The
characters belong to which of the following Hollywood blockbuster?
1. Harry Potter and the deathly hallows
2. Twilight
3. The Lord of the Rings
4. The Legend

13. ______ Asian Games, recently concluded at Guangzhou, China on Nov 27, 2010. Which of the
following is correct?
1. 15
th
2. 16
th
3. 17
th
4. 18
th


14. The 20
th
Commonwealth Games in 2014 will be held in which of the following country?
1. Scotland 2. London 3. South Africa 4. Australia

15. Mario Vargas, author of famous literary work ‘ The Time of the Hero’, recently won Nobel Prize
for Literature. To which of the following does the author belong?
1. Bolivia 2. Peru 3. Mexico 4. Argentina

16. United Nation recently established ‘UN Women’ a program to oversee all programmes aimed at
promoting equality for women. Who among the following is head of the program?
1. Michelle Bachelet
2. Ban Ki Moon
3. Sonia Gandhi
4. Christina Kirchener

17. Julia Gillard became the first elected women Prime Minister of Australia in recent election. She is
head of which of the following party in Australian Parliament?
1. Liberal
2. Australian Greens
3. Australian Labor Party
4. None of these

18. Apple computer topped the 2010 Bloomberg BusinessWeek Annual ranking for the most
innovative companies. How many Indian companies appeared in Top 50 of same list?
1. 4 2. 2 3. 1 4. 5

19. Which of the following Hollywood star’s video views have crossed one billion mark on famous
online portal Youtube?
1. Lady Gaga
2. Michael J ackson
3. Justine Timberlake
4. Shakira

20. IBSA is a trilateral, developmental initiative between India, Brazil and South Africa to promote
South-South cooperation and exchange. Which of the following city hosted 4
th
IBSA summit in
April 2010?
1. Delhi 2. Brasilia 3. J ohannesburg 4. Cape Town

21. Which of the following is the brand ambassador of Wynn Telecom Ltd in India?
1. Saif Ali Khan
2. Salman Khan
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


3. Shahrukh Khan
4. Amir Khan

22. Who among the following has been awarded with ‘Wisden Cricketer of the Year’ Award 2010?
1. Sachin Tendulkar
2. Virender Sehwag
3. Harbhajan Singh
4. M.S Dhoni
23. Which of the following exchange has entered an agreement on technology exchange with NYSE
Technologies, the technological arm of NYSE-Euronext?
1. NSE 2. MCX 3. BSE 4. Bharat Diamond exchange

24. The Pulitzer Prize is a United States Award for newspaper journalism, literature and musical
composition. Which of the following administer these awards?
1. The Washington Post
2. Harvard University
3. Columbia University
4. The New York Times

25. Which of the following automaker will grow jatropa cultivation for biodiesel production in
Gujarat?
1. Toyota
2. General Motors
3. Tata Motors
4. Honda

26. Which of the following has signed a 5 year contract with Asian Cricket Council for commercial
rights of Asia Cup from 2010 to 2014?
1. ESPN
2. Star Sports
3. Nimbus Sports
4. Tensports

27. In which of the sectors no FDI is allowed in India?
1. Cigarettes Manufacturing
2. Defense
3. Retail
4. Wireless Equipments

28. Who among the following is the brand ambassador of Sony Digicam?
1. Sonam Kapoor
2. Deepika Padukone
3. Salam Khan
4. Amir Khan

29. Who among the following has been awarded with Phalke Ratna Award 2010, on birth anniversary
of father of the Indian film industry Dadasaheb Phalke?
1. Dev Anand
2. Amitabh Bachan
3. Anil Kapoor
4. Saif Ali Khan
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



30. Which of the following is the first Public Sector company to receive Emission Reduction
Certificate from UNFCC?
1. NHPC 2. ONGC 3. NTPC 4. SAIL

31. ‘Gradua- IV’ was an Air Force exercise between India and Which other nation/Nations?
1. France
2. France, Singapore
3. U.S
4. France, U.S

32. Who among the following is the president of FICCI?
1. Ratan Tata
2. Rajan Mittal
3. K V Kamath
4. Anand Mahindra

33. Which of the following company has launched ‘Smart Choice’ café outlet to promote its health
drinks?
1. Pepsi 2. Dabur 3. Coca cola 4. Nestle

34. Which of the following city hosted Nuclear Security Summit in April 2010?
1. Tokyo 2. Lisbon 3. Washington 4. Brussels

35. By what fraction the Minimum Alternate Tax (MAT) has been increased from of book profits in
the Union Budget 2010-11?
1. 2% 2. 3% 3. 4% 4. 5%

36. Who among the following recently became the first woman ever to win the Oscar for best director?
1. Donna Gigliotti
2. Wendy Finerman
3. Kathryn Bigelow
4. None of these

37. Which among the following country is world's largest producer of Liquefied Natural Gas?
1. Qatar
2. Turkmenistan
3. Iran
4. Russia

38. Recently India's Rail coach Factory has developed a prototype of the country's first air-conditioned
double-decker coach. Where is this Rail Coach factory located?
1. Chitranjan 2. Kapurthala 3. Patiala 4. Bhopal

39. What is the revenue deficit of India, recommended by the 13th Finance Commission for 2011-12?
1. 1.2% 2. 2.3% 3. 3.2% 4. 2.2%

40. As per the latest rankings done by FinanceAsia magazine, who among the following has been
ranked as India's best CEO?
1. Natarajan Chandrasekaran -TCS
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


2. Kris Gopalakrishnan -Infosys
3. Chanda Kochar -ICICI Bank
4. Sunil Mittal –Bharti




SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


REASONING:

Directions for questions 1 to 4:
In the following questions, two columns I and II have been given. In column I few words are given and in
column II their codes have been given using a particular rule. The order of the smaller letter have been
placed in jumbled up form. You have to decode the language and choose the alternative which is equal
to the letter asked in the question.

Column I Column II
1. COMBAT fecbad
2. DECIDE aighgh
3. RESIGN ijhklm
4. KNIGHT ilmnof
5. BRIGHT ildjof
6. THREAD ojfheg

1. What is the code for letter G?
1. m 2. l 3. o 4. f

2. What is the code for letter C?
1. d 2. c 3. b 4. a

3. What is the code for letter H?
1. o 2. l 3. f 4. e

4. What is the code for letter D?
1. e 2. g 3. h 4. A
5. From the following given 4 jumbled words, select the word which does not use up all the letters of the
jumbled word.
1. U, C, I, K, Q, L
2. H, E, O, S, S
3. O, G, H, U, T, R, H
4. C, T, A, L, A, P, E

6. Find the sixth term in the series given below: -
2, 5, 10, 17, 28,….
1. 39 2. 37 3. 41 4. 43

7. Find the seventh term of the series given below: -
1, 2, 6, 18, 54, 162,….
1. 486 2. 496 3. 506 4. 476

Directions for questions 8 – 11:

In a family of six persons M, N, O, P, Q and R, there are two married couples.
I. P is the grandmother of M and mother of N.
II. R is the granddaughter of Q.
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


III. O is the wife of N and mother of R.

8. How is O related to M?
1. Daughter 2. Grandmother 3. Mother 4. Cannot be determined

9. How many male members are there in the family?
1. Two 2. Three 3. Four 4. Cannot be determined

10. Which of the following is definitely false?
1. M is brother of R 2. M is sister of R
3. P has two grandsons 4. None of these

11.Who among the following is one of the couples?
1. OP 2. PQ 3. QN 4. None of these

Directions for Questions 12 – 15: There are six steps that lead from the first to the second floor. The
steps are numbered 1 to 6 in order, step 1 being the bottom most step.
I. No two people can be on the same step.
II. Mr. A is two steps below Mr. C.
III. Mr. B is standing at a step adjacent to Mr. D.
IV. Only one step is vacant.

12. If Mr. E was on the third step & Mr. B was on a higher step than Mr. E, which step must be vacant?
1. Step 1 2. Step 2 3. Step 4 4. Step 5

13. If Mr. B was on step 1, which step could A be on?
1. 2 or 5 only 2. 3 or 5 only 3. 3 or 4 only 4. 2 or 4 only

14. If there were two steps between the step that A was standing and the step that B was standing on,
and A was on a higher step than D, A must be on step __.
1. 2 2. 3 3. 4 4. 6

15. Which of the following is false?
I. B & D can be both on odd-numbered steps in one configuration.
II. In a particular configuration A and C both, must be either on odd numbered steps or on even-
numbered steps.
III. Person E can be on a step next to the vacant step.
1. I only 2. II only 3. III only 4. Both I and III

16. A is allowed to select any date of the year other than December 31
st
. B may then select any date
later in the same month or the same day of any later month. For example, if A selects June 16
th
, then B
may choose any later date in June or the 16
th
of any month from July through December. Using the same
rule with regard to the date that B has selected, A must select a new date, and so on. The winner is the
player who arrives at December 31
st
. If A has to start by selecting a date in January, which date must he
select in order to win?
1. January 1 2. January 31
st
3. January 20
th
4. January 15
th


SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


17. Tarun owns two suits, one blue and one brown. Whenever he wears his blue suit and a blue shirt, he
also wears a blue tie. He always wears either a blue suit or white socks. He never wears the blue suit
unless he is also wearing either a blue shirt or white socks. Whenever he wears white socks, he also
wears a blue shirt. Today Tarun is wearing a gold tie. Which of the following is he definitely wearing?
1. blue shirt 2. blue suit 3. blue socks 4. brown socks

18. An athletic competition takes place between members of the three races- truthfuls, who always tell
the truth, liars, who always tell a lie, and alternators, who tell truth and lie alternately. After the
competition, the competitors, one from each race made the following statements:
Anjali- I came in second; Bhagat came in last.
Bhagat- Anjali came in last. Chetan won.
Chetan- I came in last. Anjali won.
Then the order of finish, from first to last, was
1. Anjali, Bhagat, Chetan
2. Anjali, Chetan, Bhagat
3. Bhagat, Anjali, Chetan
4. Chetan, Anjali, Bhagat

19. Jenny was having trouble with her car, so she brought it to her mechanic. The mechanic told her,
“It’s hard to be certain, but either it’s true that if the spark plugs and the points are O.K. then you need a
new distributor cap, or else it’s true that if the points are O.K. but you need new spark plugs then your
distributor cap is fine, but not both.” Assuming that at least one of the three items mentioned by the
mechanic needs replacing, what should Jenny replace?
1. only spark plugs
2. only the points
3. only distributor cap
4. spark plugs and distributor cap

20. In order to prevent tampering by unauthorized individuals, a row of switches at a defense
installation is wired so that, unless the following rules are followed in manipulating the switches, an
alarm will be activated:
1. The switch on the right may be turned on or off at will.
2. Any other switch may be turned on or off only if the switch to its immediate right is on and all other
switches to its right are off.

If turning a switch on or off is counted as a move, what is the smallest number of moves in which a row
of four switches, which are all on, may be turned off without activating the alarm?
1. 7 2. 8 3. 9 4. 10

21.

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



Which of the following is true about above figure?
1. If the bottom cog is turned anticlockwise, the flag on the top will lower
2. If the bottom cog is turned anticlockwise, the flag on the top will rise
3. If the bottom cog is turned anticlockwise, the flag on the top will remain steady
4. The flag may lower or rise when the bottom cog is turned anticlockwise

22. Fill in the final box to complete the sequence

1. 4 2. 3 3. 2 4. 0


23.

Which letter goes in the empty circle?
1. Q 2. S 3. W 4. R

24. Four men went to the building supplies center to buy some tools for the workmen on the building
sites they were in charge of. Chris buys 3 Screwdrivers, 4 Hammers and 5 saws for the men on his
building site as a cost of Rs. 970. Carl buys 3 screwdrivers, 5 hammers and 3 saws for his carpenters at a
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


total cost of Rs. 900. Charlie bought 5 screwdrivers, 3 hammers and 4 saws. Colin, who is incharge of a
small building site has less money to spend but still needs 1 screwdriver, 1 hammer and a saw. How
much did he have to spend?
1. Rs. 2002. Rs. 2403. Rs. 2504. Rs. 230

25. Kallu, the local fruit seller, has lost the weights of his shop scales. He sells pineapples, grapes and
apples by weight but bananas cost 2 Rs.each. Geeta wants to buy a pineapple, which Kallu will sell to
her for the price of the same weight in bananas. He knows that the combinations shown below are
correct, so how much will the pineapple cost his customer?


1. Rs. 10 2. Rs. 12 3. Rs. 15 4. Rs. 18

26.

What figure should come next in the given series?
1. 2. 3. 4.

Directions for questions 27 to 30:

PLAY inc. is a toy manufacturing company. In one of their units, there is a packaging line for packing
cube-shaped toys. They are packed in cubical boxes, where each cubical box can contain 6 toys. The
cubical boxes are kept in a straight line, top view of which is shown in the following figure.





SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


Each of the toys is given a unique product code starting from 1,2,3,…. Etc. , also there are product codes
for the boxes starting from A
1
, A
2
, A
3
,….. etc. The boxes are arranged on the assembly line in the
increasing order of their product code. The toys are pushed on the above shown assembly line
containing boxes one by one in the numerical order of their product code starting with 1. One toy is
pushed every second. So as soon as the toy 1 is pushed, it drops into box A
1
, toy 2 also falls in the same
box and so do toys 3, 4, 5 and 6. Now when toy 7 is pushed, since there is no space in box1, it simply
rests on the top of it. Now when toy 8 is pushed, it further pushes toy 7 to drop it in box 2, in the similar
fashion, toys 7-12 fall in box 2. Before falling in a particular box, each of the toys rests on the top of the
previous box. Answer the following questions on the basis of this information.

27. How many of the boxes have at least one toy in them after 30 minutes?
1. 300 2. 257 3. 258 4. 279

28. The assembly line is stopped to locate a faulty toy numbered 1000 after 19 minutes, which of the
following tells us the location of this toy?
1. 3
rd
toy from top in box 167
2. 5
th
toy from top in box 167
3. on the top of box 100
4. none of these

29. The assembly line is stopped to locate a faulty toy numbered 1000 after 20 minutes, which of the
following tells us the location of this toy?
1. 3
rd
toy from top in box 167
2. 5
th
toy from top in box 167
3. on the top of box 100
4. 2
nd
toy from top in box 167

30. After how much time will the box numbered 800 be full for the first time?
1. 93 minutes 19 seconds
2. 93 minutes 20 seconds
3. 80 minutes
4. cannot be determined

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



QADI: ANSWERS/EXPLANATIONS

1. 1 2. 3 3. 3 4. 3 5. 4 6. 2 7. 4 8. 1 9. 3 10. 2
11. 4 12. 3 13. 1 14. 3 15. 3 16. 3 17. 3 18. 1 19. 2 20. 1
21. 3 22. 4 23. 3 24. 1 25. 3 26. 3 27. 2 28. 3 29. 1 30. 1
31. 4 32. 1 33. 2 34. 4 35. 1 36. 3 37. 38. 39. 40.

1. Substituting and ,
Hence there are 5 prime factors.
Answer is (1).

2. Taking few values of n would help us realize the catch in this question…
If n =5, is 4! i.e. 1 ×2 ×3 ×4 divisible by 5? No.
If n =6, is 5! i.e. 1 ×2 ×3 ×4 ×5 divisible by 6? Yes.
If n =7, is 6! i.e. 1 ×2 ×3 ×4 ×5 ×6 divisible by 7? No.
If n =8, is 7! i.e. 1 ×2 ×3 ×4 ×5 ×6 ×7 divisible by 8? Yes.
This should make it clear what whenever n is not a prime number, (n – 1)! would be divisible by n,
even though n itself is not present in (n – 1)!, there are factors that multiply to n.
But if n is prime, no two factors can multiply to form n and n itself is not present in (n – 1)! And
hence (n– 1)! would not be divisible by n.
From 1 to 50, there are 15 prime numbers.
BUT consider n =4. Even though 4 is a not a prime number, 3! is not divisible by 4. So n =4 too
will be in the answer. So for a total 16 values of n, (n – 1)! is not divisible by n.
Answer is (3).

3. Working backwards, the number of passengers at the last stop =120
#of Pass. Last activity occurred #of Pass. before activity
120 12 board 108
108 alight i.e. remain which is 108 144
144 24 board 120
120 alight i.e. remain which is 120 150
Thus capacity of bus is 150.
Answer is (3).

4. Consider the number to be 16401b61a4. Since it is divisible by 72, it is divisible by 8 and 9.
Hence 1a4 is divisible by 8 implying a =0 or 4 or 8.
Next using these values of a and checking divisibility by 9,
When a =0, b =4
When a =4, b =0 or 9
When a =8, b =5
Thus there are four such numbers.
Answer is (3).

5. If we use Product of number =HCF ×LCM, we get the answer as 270. But this is not the correct
answer. For any set of numbers, the LCM has to be a multiple of the HCF. Since 864 is not a
multiple of 75, the data is inconsistent.
Answer is (4)

6. At the end of the year, value of building =value of land
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


500000(1-x%) =300000(1+x%) ⇒ 5 - 5x% =3 +3x%
⇒ 8x% =2 ⇒ x% =¼ i.e. 25%
Alternately,
An x% increase in land’s worth and an x% decrease in building’s worth helped eliminate the
difference in the value of the two i.e. x% of 8,00,000 =2,00,000. Thus x =1/4 i.e. 25%. If this does
not make sense, look at the following figure…


3,00,000 CP 5,00,000

x% of 3,00,000 x% of 5,00,000

Answer is (2).

7. Let total patrons =x
Amount contributed by 40% of patrons =
2
5
x ×5000=2000x
2000x is 25% of amount, so rest 75% =2000x ×3 =6000x
Average to be given by the rest of the 60% patrons
6000x
3
S
x
=10000
Answer is (4).

8. Fresh grapes and Dry grapes differ only in the percentage of water. The actual pulp is same in both
the varieties. Thus we could equate the pulp quantity in the two varieties…
10% of fresh grapes =80% of dry grapes
¬ 10% of 20 =80% of dry grapes ¬ 80% of dry grapes =2 ¬ dry grapes =2.5
Answer is (1).

9. If the MRP is assumed as Rs. 100, the cost to the trader would be Rs. 75. He has to make a profit of
10% on this Rs. 75 i.e. he has to sell it at Rs. 82.5. Thus he can offer a discount of Rs. 17.5 on the
MRP of Rs. 100 i.e. a discount of 17.5%
Answer is (3).

10. Method 1: P : Q =2 : 3, Q : R =2 : 3
¬ P : Q : R =4 : 6 : 9, R : S =2 : 3 ¬P : Q : R : S =8 : 12 : 18 : 27
Method 2: Because of the relation given, P, Q, R and S are in a GP. Hence P : Q : R : S =2 : 3 : 3
3
2

: 3×
9
4
i.e. 8 : 12 : 18 : 27
Now dividing 1300 in the ratio 8 : 12 : 18 : 27, P =
8
65
×1300=160
So, answer is (2)

11. Since days are needed,

i.e. 10 days i.e. 2 days more which as a fraction of the days required is
2th
8
i.e. 1/4
th

So, answer is (4)

12. A – B =2k and B – C =3k. Adding the two, A – C =5k =125 i.e. k =25
Thus, A – B =50 ¬ A =B +50 =225

10 8
lessmen
moredays
10
8
8
÷
×
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


B – C =75 ¬ C =B – 75 =100
Thus, the sum distributed is A +B +C =225 +175 +100 =500.
So, answer is (3)
13. A earns more than B and spends less than B. So obviously he will save more.
So, the answer is (1)

14. Monthly sales data is entered for a year and then the average monthly sales for the year is found.
Thus the total sales is divided by 12.
When one three-digit figure is reversed, the maximum difference will be when the number is of the
type 900, on reversing we get 009, hence the difference is 891.
This 891 will be the total reduction in the sum, hence the average will come down by
891
12
=74.25
Answer is (3).

15. Method 1: Using Alligation

20% 25% 100%

5 75

The ratio of the two should be 15 : 1. Since mixture of wine and water is 125 gallons, the amount
of water added should be
125
15
=8.33 gallons.
Method 2:
In 125 gallons of the mixture, water would be 20% ×125 =25 gallons and wine would be 100
gallons.
Let x gallons be the water added. Thus,
wutc¡
wìnc
=
25+X
100
=
1
3
x =
25
3
=8.33 .
Answer is (3).


SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


16. Method 1:
Let the amount of milk in the 8 litres of solution is x.
Expected concentration =
x
8
[1−
3
8
¸ =
5x
64

If water is added first, the volume of solution increases to 11 litres but the amount of milk in it
remains the same. So concentration of milk =x/11 . After 3 litres is removed from the mixture, the
concentration of milk remains the same because removing part of the solution only changes the
volume, not the concentration of any of the constituents.
Ratio of the expected concentration of the milk to the actual concentration of the milk
=
5x
64
:
x
11
=55:64
Method 2:
The proportion of milk only changes when water is added. And not when part of the solution is
removed. Further the proportion of milk varies inversely with the volume when water is added.
When water had to be added,
it was expected that 3 litres of water be added to 5 litres of solution i.e. an increase in the volume
from 5 litres to 8 litres
but actually 3 litres of water was added to 8 litres of solution i.e. an increase in the volume from 8
litres to 11 litres.
Thus if x is the initial proportion of milk in the solution,
cxpcctcJ proportion o¡ milk
octuol proportion o¡ milk
=
x ×
5
8
x ×
8
11
=
55
64

Answer is (3).

17. 3
The time taken by the trains to meet is
3.5
72+54
=
3.5
126
hrs. The bird is continuously flying all this time
at a speed of 90 kmph and thus it will travel a total of
3.5
126
×90=2.5 km.

18. 1
The first tank takes 10 mins to fill up. The second tank is twice as big, so the rest remaining the
same as the first tank, it would have taken 20 mins to fill up.
Time taken to fill the tank α
1
Spccd o] wutc¡

Hence, if the speed of flow of water is halved, time taken to fill the tank is doubled i.e. it becomes
40 mins.
Time taken to fill the tank α
1
C¡oss Scctìon o] thc pìpcs

Also, Circular cross section of a pipe α Diameter
2

The cross section of the smallest of the three inlet pipes is 4 times that of the inlet pipe of the first
tank, which is say, C.
So cross section of the three pipes is 4C, 16C, 36C. Total cross section is 56C which is 56 times the
cross section of the inlet pipe of the first tank.
Hence time taken =40/56=5/7 mins.
Answer is (1).

19. 2
The question does not mention if they run in the same direction or in opposite direction. Further the
question is asking “which of the following could be a possible value”, suggesting that many values
are possible, of which only one option matches up to.
Taking a chance you could also get the answer as:
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


If they run in opposite direction, the only way it is possible is when one of them has run 200 mts
and other has run 300 mts i.e. a ratio of 2 : 3. And this is one of the option.
Alternately, using theory, and checking each option turn by turn…
If ratio of speed is 1 : 3, they would meet at only 2 distinct points on the track, if running in same
direction and at 4 distinct points on the track, if running in opposite directions. With these number
of distinct points on the track they will never meet at 200 mts from start.
Similar reasoning will rule out ratio of speeds being 3 : 5 and 7 : 11.

20. 2
Shyam’s and Vyom’s ratio of speeds of taking steps is 3 : 2. Since the steps taken by the two are 25
steps and 20 steps, the ratio of the time taken by them to reach the top is in the ratio of
25
3
:
20
2
i.e. 5 :
6.
If there were a total of N steps on the escalator, the escalator covers distances of N – 25 and N – 20
in the time that Shyam and Vyom are on the escalator i.e. in time that are in the ratio 5 : 6. Thus,
N-25
N-20
=
5
6
⇒ N =50

21. 3
Let r and s be the number of days Rohan and Sohan take respectively to complete the work and n
be the number of days they take to complete the work if working together.
Then,
1
¡
+
1
s
=
1
n
⇒ n =
¡s
¡+s
.........(i)
Also,
9
16
=
¡-n
s-n
since 9 : 16 is the ratio of number of extra days each takes when working
independently.
Putting the value of n from (i) in the above equation:
9
16
=
¡-
rs
r+s
s-
rs
r+s
=
¡
2
s
2

So r : s =3 : 4. Since the ratio of the number of days taken by Rohan and Sohan is 3:4, so the ratio
of the output of Rohan and Sohan is 4:3.
Hence, Rohan’s share in Rs.7000 should be Rs.4000.
Note: When two people are working simultaneously, the ratio of the extra time that they would take
if working alone is the ratio of the square of the time they take when working alone.
Answer is (3).

22. 4
In the same time in which A runs 500 mts, B runs 400 mts. Thus the ratio of their speeds is 5 : 4.
Using these ratios, we find that…
In the same time that A runs 600 mts, B runs 600×
4
5
=480. Thus A reaches the finishing point
inspite of starting 100 mts behind starting point and B is 20 mts away from the finishing point.

23. 3
Note that a
1
a
2
a
3
….a
n
=1 and a
1
,a
2
,a
3
…….an are all integers, hence a
1
,a
2
,a
3
……an should all be
either 1 or -1. Minimum value of a
1
+a
2
+a
3
+…..+an when n is even will be when all a are -1 since
the product will be 1 with even number of -1‘s.
Minimum value of a
1
+a
2
+a
3
+…..+a
n
when n is odd will be when one a is 1 and rest all are -1.
Hence sum will be -(n-2)=(2-n).

24. 1
Let us say the M positive numbers are a
1
,a
2
,a
3
……..a
m

Taken two at a time, their average would be
u
1
+u
2
2
,
u
2
+u
3
2
....
u
m-1
+u
m
2

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


Average of will be found with (m-1) numbers. Average of will be found with (m-2)numbers.. and
so on.. So total number of terms will be(m-1) +(m-2)....+1
This is equal to
m(m-1)
2
.
Average of all these terms will be
u1(m-1)+u
2
(m-1)+u
3
(m-1)+⋯…+u
m
(m-1)

m(m-1)
2
=N
u
1
+u
2
+u
3
+⋯……+u
m
m
=N
Hence average of m numbers is N.
Working Method: Take any three terms (), in random order, say 1, 3 and 7. Average of these three
numbers is 11/3.
Average of 1 and 3 is 2, average of 3 and 7 is 5 and average of 1 and 7 is 4.
Average of these 2, 5 and 4 is 11/3 which is N.
Hence, average of M terms is same as N.

25. 3

The triangle formed in the figure is a 30-60-90 triangle and thus the ratio of the radius of C
1
and C
2

is
2
1: i.e. 3:2
3
.
The ratio of the radius of C
2
and C
3
as seen in the figure is 1 : 2 because the ratio of the in-radius
and the circum-radius in a equilateral triangle is in the ratio 1 : 2.
This the ratio of the radii of C
1
, C
2
and C
3
is 3: 2:4 and the required ratio of area will be 3 : 16.

26. 3

Since triangles AOB and COD are similar and the ratio of corresponding sides are in the ratio 12 :
8, the ratio AE : ED will be also be 12 : 8.
A
B
C
D
E F
O
12
8
G
x
8n
8k
12k
12n
C
1

C
2

C
3

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


Triangles GDC and GAB are similar triangles. Hence the ratio GD : GA will be 8 : 12 i.e. 2 : 3
Thus, if GD =8n, then AD =12n – 8n =4n. But since AD is divided by E in the ratio 3 : 2, hence
DE =
2 8
4
5 5
n n × = .
Thus, the ratio GD : GE will be
8
8: 8 i.e.5:6
5
| |
+
|
\ .

Since triangles GDC and GEF are similar, hence
EF 6 6 48
EF 8
DC 5 5 5
= ¬ = × = .
27. Solution: - Option no. 2
Day – 1 =
30
150
×100 =20 liters
Day – 2 =
35
200
×100 =17.5 liters
Day – 3 =
30
200
×100 =15 liters
Day – 4 =
40
250
×100 =16 liters
Total =20 +17.5 +15 +16 =68.5


SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


28. Solution: - Option no. 3
Let the quantity order by firm – E is ‘x’ liters
x
200+x
×100=50
100x =10000+50x
50x =10000
x =200 litcrs

29. Solution: - Option no. 1
Let the revise order of firm – A be ‘x’
x
180+x
×100= 20 x =45 litcrs

Let the revise order of firm – B be ‘y’
¡
195 +¡
×100= 30 y=83.5

Let the revise order of firm – C be ‘z’
238.5+
×100 = 40 =159

Let the revise order of firm – A be ‘a’
362.5 +
×100 = 35 =195

30. Solution: - Option no. 1
Age group of a person who is unemployed is 0 – 90+
Age group of a person who is retired is 25 – 90+
Age group of a person who is employed is 25 – 50
Age Group No. of Person
0 – 15 30
16 – 30 120
31 – 45 80
46 – 60 75
61 – 75 40
76 – 90 30
90+ 25


SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


30 persons between 0 – 15 are unemployed.
Remaining there are 90 unemployed. Which are in age group of 16 – 90+
So in this all the citizens of age group 16 – 30 can be either employed or retired, so minimum there
are 0 persons who are unemployed in the age group of 16 – 30.

31. Solution: - Option no. 4
As solved in the last question, it can’t be determined using the given data.

32. Solution: - Option no. 1
Even if all the person of age group 31 – 60 are employed, there should be 180 – 155 =25 who are
employed in the age group of 16 – 30. If all the persons in the age group of 61 – 90+are retired
there should be 100 – 95 =5 persons in the age group of 16 – 30 who are retired. Unemployed in
the age group of 16 – 30 =120 – 25 – 5 =90

33. Solution: - Option no. 2
As we can determine total number of persons in the society by adding up employed, unemployed
and retired persons which is 120 +180 +100 =400.
Total no. of persons in the age group except 31 – 90+=80 +75 +40 +30 +25 =250.
So total persons in the age group 0 – 30 =400 – 250 =150.

As solved in the last question if all the person of age group 31 – 60 are employed, there should be
180 – 155 =25 who are employed in the age group of 16 – 30 and If all the persons in the age
group of 61 – 90+are retired there should be 100 – 95 =5 persons in the age group of 16 – 30 who
are retired, so there is a minimum of 25 +5 =30 persons in the age group of 16 – 30.

So only A & B is definitely true.

34. Solution: - Option no. 4
After the all interchanging process, Teddy Ltd. Has 50 employees, so net change because of Teddy is nil.
Before the interchange Meddy has (50 – 59) employees, now it has 50 employees.
So net change as of Meddy is (0 – 9) ×35
Freedy earlier has 50 employees, now it has 50 – 59 employees
So net change as of Freddy Ltd. =(0 – 9) ×(36 - 49)
(0 – 9) ×(36 - 49) - (0 – 9) ×35 =50 lakhs
(0 – 9) ×(1 - 14) =50 lakhs
Only possibility is 5 ×10
So salary package should be 45 lakhs.

35. Solution: - Option no. 1

Freddy Teddy Meddy
A 30 30 or 49 49
B 50 50 51 - 59
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


C 51 - 74 60 60
D 75 75 or 85 85
E 80 80 86 - 150
F 90 or 150 90 150

So minimum possible sum
=30 +50 +51 +75 +80 +90 +30 +50 +60 +75 +80 +90 +49 +51 +60 +85 +86 +150 =1242
So 1222 can’t be the sum of employees.

36. Solution: - Option no. 3

Freddy Teddy Meddy
A 30 A 49
B 50 50 b
C C 60 60
D 75 D 85
E 8555550 855550 86 - 150
F f 90 150

Here employees of a company must be average of other two
In grade A, a can’t be average of 30 +49, as number of employee can’t be in fraction.
So either 30 or 49 should be average. If 49 is average sum of number of employees in Grade A should be
147. So a =147 – 30 – 49 =68. Which is not possible, so average is 30 and a = 11
Only possible value of b and c is 50 and 60 respectively.
We cannot determine d and f uniquely.
So we can determine only a, b and c

EXPLANATION for questions 37 to 40:
Given that on no two consecutive days, the number of students that were absent is the same, we can
conclude that either T7 or T8 is the teacher that did not make a mistake in counting the number of
students that are present on each of the six days of the week.

Case 1:
T7 is the teacher who did not make a mistake in counting the number of students that are present on each
of the six days of the week.
In this case, the number of teachers who made a mistake in counting the number of students present in the
class on each of the six days of the week is not three.


SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


Case 2:
T8 is the teacher who did not make a mistake in counting the number of students that are present on each
of the six days of the week.
In this case the number of teachers who made a mistake in counting the number of students that are
present on each of the six days of the week are T5, T4 and T2.

37. Answer option 4

38. Answer option 2

39. Answer option 1
Five teachers namely T8, T7, T1, T6 and T3 did not make a mistake in counting the number of students
that were present in the class on more number of days than T4.

40. Answer option 4
Required Sum is 3 +2 +5 +3 +5 +2 =20


SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



VERBAL ABILITY:

Answer Key

1 2 2 3 3 2 4 3
5 3 6 2 7 4 8 3
9 3 10 3 11 3 12 4
13 1 14 3 15 2 16 1
17 3 18 1 19 4 20 1
21 2 22 3 23 3 24 2
25 3 26 1 27 4 28 2
29 3 30 1 31 4 32 1
33 1 34 2 35 1 36 3
37 2 38 4 39 2 40 2


1. 2.
‘To bring home’ a point is to make something perfectly clear; ‘to pull away’ from someone is to
withdraw; when a thing does the rounds, it is communicated from person to person; ‘to look in on
someone’ is to pay a visit to that person.

2. 3
The corrected sentences are as follows: The troops let fly a volley of gunfire; ‘we took our lunch on
the fly’; ‘he flew the country just in time’; ‘the dogs flew at each other’s throats’; so, the word
‘flew’ comes in twice.

3. 2.
‘To work out’ one’s personal difference is a phrase which means to solve one’s personal
differences.

4. 3.
In the 1
st
sentence, the word ‘labor’ functions as a noun in the sense of ‘a worker’; in the 2
nd

sentence, the word ‘labor’ acts like a noun in the sense of ‘labor pains of childbirth’; in the 3
rd

sentence also, the word is a noun, in the sense of ‘a person’s efforts or work’; however, in the last
sentence, the word functions like a verb, in the sense of ‘ he worked hard to finish his doctorate’.

5. 3.
Both words – ‘antennae’ and ‘antennas’ are equally accepted when it comes to the plural of the
word – ‘antenna’.

6. 2.
When we ‘give away’ someone or a secret, it means we have betrayed a person; so the answer is
the second one.

7. 4.
The meaning of the word ‘prolific’ is abundant; and so, in this sentence, it fits in perfectly, as we
are discussing about the particular author having published a huge quantity of books in a short span
of time, and so, he is a ‘prolific writer’. ‘Fastidious’ means fussy, and ‘outmoded’ is outdated.

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


8. 3.
The word ‘Callow’ refers to someone who is an inexperienced person and so, the opposite of the
word will be someone who is ‘experienced’.
9. 3.
The 3
rd
sentence should be re-written as – ‘you should bear in mind that this is a no-smoking zone’;
(the phrase ‘bear in mind’ suggesting to ‘keep in mind’); while the 4
th
sentence should be re-written
as – ‘You have to bear with your friends, no matter howsoever irritating they may be’; (the phrase
– ‘bear with’ suggesting, to put up with, or to go through a torture)

10. 3.
The error in the sentence is one of parallelism; and the hint to solving it lies in the part – ‘thereby
making ignition much easier and causing flames to spread more quickly’; in the sense that the
noun has to come in after the verb, and, so, the 3rd option is the correct one.

11. 3.
Since Arjun spoke very less, so, the word which is used to denote people who speak less is either
‘reticent’ or ‘taciturn’; and so, the answer is the 3
rd
option. ‘Garrulous’ means just the opposite of
taciturn, i.e. talkative; and ‘equivocal’ means ‘ambiguous’.

12. 4.
‘Inclement’ is a word used generally to signify the harsh or sever or unpleasant weather conditions
and so the word fits in perfectly here.

13. 1.
In sentence 3, the correct phrase to be used for ‘making up excuses’ is to ‘cook up’, instead of
‘cook’; and in the last sentence, ‘the area is treated with insecticide, instead of by insecticide’.

14. 3.
Deference is a type of respect; while, affection is a type of love.

15. 2.
A diplomat is noted for tact; while, a virtuoso is noted for skill.

16. 1.
When someone snaps out of a situation, it means that the person is resilient enough to come out of
it; ‘snap’ also refers to the elasticity of a bag or a cloth; when someone snaps out commands,
he/she is uttering the orders abruptly as army officers do; and, clicking of the fingers is actually
referred to snapping them.

17. 3.
The words – Remonstrate, cavil and demur all can be clubbed in one single category, because they
all refer to raising an opposition to something, or objecting to something, or finding faults with
something; while, the word, ’Sycophant’ refers to a person who is extremely servile and
obsequious in obeying orders, to please other people.

18. 1.
The 1
st
sentence is contains a simple error of subject-verb agreement, as the verb ‘ranks’ is
incorrectly used here, because ‘economic problems’ should carry a plural verb; hence it should be
re-written as – ‘rank’; in the 2
nd
sentence, instead of ‘had been renowned warriors’ it should simply
be written as ‘were renowned warriors’, as there is no need to use a past perfect tense here; and in
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


the 3
rd
sentence, instead of ‘each of the movies were great’, we have to write, ‘each of the movies
was great’, because, the word ‘each’ signifies a singular case.

19. 4.
In the 4
th
sentence, instead of writing – ‘is the concert yet over’? it should be, ‘is the concert over
yet’?; which equals to asking, ‘is the concert finished’?

20. 1.
‘Dandy’ or a fop is a person who is extremely elegant in clothes and manners.

21. 2.
The 2
nd
word is mis-spelt as – Camaradrie; it should rather be– ‘Camaraderie’, which means
friendship.

22. 3.
‘To fill in’ for somebody else is to act as a substitute for that person.

23. 3.
A hors d'oeuvre is a French word and it has nothing to do with horses! It basically refers to an
appetizer served before a meal.

24. 2.
The 1
st
sentence is a typical example of a squinting modifier, as we are not clear whether defining
"clearly strengthens" or "defining clearly" strengthens? In other words, it is not clear, whether the
adverb, ‘clearly’, stands for ‘strengthening’ or ‘defining clearly’? Whereas, in the 2
nd
sentence, this
error is removed and we are sure now, that the ‘clearly’ stands for ‘strengthening’ the case’. The 3
rd

and the 4
th
sentences are too vague to be selected as answer options.

25. 3.
CE is a clear chunk in this jumble and so, there is only one option which contains this chunk, i.e.
option 3.

26. 1.
The jumble must start with sentence E, and it must end with sentence A, because of the linking
phrases – ‘just as…. So it is…’, so, the only answer option which contains this combination is 1.

27. 4.
The jumble has to start with sentence E and ED forms a chunk, so the only option which contains
this combination is answer option 4.

28. 2.
Options 3 and 4 fall outside the purview of the passage as they express ideas which find no support
in the passage. Option 1 mentions adult human life, which is opposed to what we find in the
passage i.e. isolation in children. Please remember, adults are mentioned in the passage only in a
hypothetical sense. The passage does not allude to any isolation study done on them. Hence the
option is not justified. Whatever option 2 says lies very much within the scope of the passage and
is, in fact, the very essence of it all.

29. Option 3
The answer can be found in the line: ‘Ancient scriptures and literature have evidence that waves
from the Indian Ocean did hit the Nagapattinam coast in 900 AD and destroyed a monastery.’
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



30. Option 1
The answer can be found in the line: ‘The Pallava dynasty, to which Narasimha Pallava and his
father Mahendra Varman belonged, had built the Mahabalipuram temple.’
31. Option 4
The answer can be found in the lines: ‘More about such havoc is described in the great epic
‘Sillapathikaram’, written in Tamil 2000 years ago by Elango Adigal, a Jain monk. He has
recorded how Cauvery Poompatinam, now known as Poompuhur, was destroyed and even today,
we find the ruins excavated by the Archaeological Survey of India.”

32. Option 1
The answer can be found in the lines: ‘These books talk about the Buddhist monastery-Raja Raja
Chozan went to conquer Sri Lanka and instead became a devotee of the Buddha himself and
allowed the Buddhists to build a temple in Nagapattinam. It was around that time that the
monastery was totally washed away.’

33. Option 1
The answer can be found in the lines: ‘According to literature…..There is evidence of this even in
Kalki Krishnamurthy’s novel ‘Ponniyin Selvan-The Pinnacle of Sacrifice’……In the chapter ‘The
Sea Rises’, the author explains how the sea had risen so high it seemed to be touching the mass of
dark clouds suspended in the sky. The black mountain of water, far from being stationery, was
moving steadily forward. The sea inundated warehouses and sheds and began to flow into the
streets. Ships and boats seemed suspended in mid-air, precariously poised over the water peaks.
The book also describes how the gushing waters swallowed an elephant.’

34. Option 2
The answer can be found in the line: ‘All laser surgeries use the principle of selective photo-
thermolysis, choosing a specific amount and wavelength of laser energy for a particular tissue.’

35. Option 1
The answer can be found in the lines: ‘Laser is also used for refractive surgeries, retinal surgeries
and glaucoma surgeries of the eyes. Lasik Laser surgery for correcting refractive errors of the eye
is an effective and safe surgery when done with good equipment and experienced surgeons.’

36. Option 3
The answer can be found in the line: ‘Laser as a surgical tool is a revolution because of its high
precision, quickness, and its ability to cut and coagulate tissues without causing any damage to the
surrounding healthy tissue’.

37. Option 2
The answer can be found in the lines: ‘Certain lasers may temporarily or permanently discolour
the skin of a dark-skinned person. Some types of laser surgeries are not advisable for pregnant
women and individuals with cardio-pulmonary diseases or other serious health problems.
Imprecisely aimed, lasers can burn or destroy healthy tissues.’

38. 4.
The sentence contains no error.

39. 2.
‘To wear of’ is incorrectly written, and it should be replaced by ‘to wear off’ which is a phrasal
verb, which means that the effects of something have diminished or reduced.
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



40. 2.
‘The adventures of Huckleberry Finn’ is the name or the title of one book by Mark Twain, and thus
cannot carry a plural verb, as it is a singular entity. Therefore, instead of ‘were published’ it should
be ‘was published’.





SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


GENERAL AWARENESS:

GK: Answer Key

1. 1 2. 3 3. 4 4. 1 5. 3 6. 1 7. 2 8. 1
9. 3 10. 1 11. 2 12. 2 13. 2 14. 1 15. 2 16. 1
17. 3 18. 2 19. 1 20. 2 21. 1 22. 2 23. 3 24. 3
25. 2 26. 3 27. 1 28. 2 29. 1 30. 2 31. 1 32. 2
33. 1 34. 3 35. 2 36. 3 37. 1 38. 2 39. 2 40. 1


Explanations
1. Haryana
2. Punjab
3. Arunachal
4. Smile Trains is a Charity mission providing palate surgery for children.
5. Karnataka launched an E-waste disposal system called CRYSTAL.
6. Hyderabad hosted the fifth World Telecommunication Development Conference.
7. “Mid-Day” a leading newspaper merged with Dainik Jagran.
8. Nude, Green Leaves and Bust, sold for US $ 106 million.
9. Earth Day- April 22
10. Kerala Tourism launched Native Trail magazine.
11. Dish TV
12. Carlisle Cullen belongs to Twilight.
13. 16
th
Asian Games recently concluded at Guangzhou, China on Nov 27, 2010.
14. 20
th
Commonwealth Games in 2014 will be held in Scotland.
15. Peruvian Mario Vargas, author of famous literary work ‘ The Time of the Hero’, recently won
Nobel Prize for Literature.
16. Michelle Bachelet
17. Australian Labor Party
18. Only 2, RIL and Tata Group
19. Lady Gaga, the Hollywood star’s video views have crossed one billion mark on famous online
portal Youtube.
20. Brasilia city hosted 4
th
IBSA summit in April 2010.
21. Saif Ali Khan is the brand ambassador of Wynn Telecom Ltd in India.
22. Virender Sehwag.
23. Bombay Stock Exchange
24. Columbia Univesity
25. General Motors
26. Nimbus Sports
27. In Cigarettes manufacturing sector, no FDI is allowed.
28. Deepika Padukone
29. Dev Anand
30. ONGC
31. ‘Gradua- IV’ was an Air Force exercise between India and France.
32. Rajan Mittal of Bharti Airtel
33. Pepsi launched Smart Choice Café.
34. Washington hosted Nuclear Security Summit in April 2010.
35. MAT increased from 15% to 18 %.
36. Kathryn Bigelow, for The hurt locker
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


37. Qatar is the largest producer of gas.
38. Kapurthala rail coach factory
39. 2.3% of GDP
40. Natarajan Chandrasekaran of TCS.



SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


REASONIING: ANSWERS AND EXPLANATIONS

1. 2 2. 4 3. 1 4. 2 5. 1 6. 3 7. 1 8. 3 9. 4 10. 3
11. 2 12. 1 13. 3 14. 3 15. 4 16. 3 17. 1 18. 4 19. 4 20. 4
21. 2 22. 3 23. 4 24. 4 25. 1 26. 2 27. 3 28. 4 29. 1 30. 1

1. Answer option 2
From KNIGHT and BRIGHT, G could be any of i, l, o, f but o and f are there in THREAD so G can have
values i or l but i is there in the code of DECIDE so G must be ‘l’

2. Answer option 4
C is the only common letter between COMBAT and DECIDE so ‘a’ must be the code for C

3. Answer option 1
From KNIGHT and BRIGHT, H could be any of i, l, o, f but o and f are there in THREAD so H can have
values o or f but f is there in the code of COMBAT so H must be ‘o’

4. Answer option 2
From the code of DECIDE we can say D could be g or h, but in RESIGN there is h so D must be ‘g’
5. Answer option 1
The 1
st
jumbled word forms the word – ‘Quick’, but does not use up all the letters of the word; the 2
nd

jumbled word forms the word – ‘Shoes’; the 3
rd
jumbled word forms the word – ‘ Through’; while the 4
th

jumbled word forms the word – Placate’.

6. Answer option 3
First term is first prime number
Second term =first prime +second prime number =2 +3 =5
Third term =sum of first three prime numbers =2 +3 +5 =10
Therefore sixth term =sum of first six prime numbers =2 +3 +5 +7 +11 +13 =41

7. Answer option 1
Here first term =1
Second term =1 ×2 =2
Third term =(1 +2) ×2 =6
Fourth term =(1 +2 +6) ×2 =18
Fifth term =(1 +2 +6 +18) ×=54
Sixth term =(1 +2 +6 +18 +54) ×2 =162
Therefore seventh term =(1 +2 +6 +18 +54 +162) ×2 =486

Solutions for questions 8 to 11:
In the family tree given below, the rectangle represents male and the circle represents female. Clearly
from the given information, it is not possible to determine the gender of M.
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



8. Answer option 3
9. Answer option 4
10. Answer option 3
11. Answer option 2

12. Answer option 1
The following table can be filled as per the given information. Step 1 can be seen to be vacant
Step 6 D/B
Step 5 B/D
Step 4 C
Step 3 E
Step 2 A
Step 1 -

13. Answer option 3
The table below shows the position of A as per the given conditions. A can either be on step 3 or 4
Step 6 C
Step 5 C
Step 4 A
Step 3 A
Step 2 D D
Step 1 B B

14. Answer option 3
The table below shows the position of A as per the given condition
Step 6 C
Step 5
Step 4 A
Step 3
Step 2 D
Step 1 B
15. Answer option 4

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


16. Answer option 3
In order to get to 31
st
December, A would have to force B to choose any date in December (but not the
31
st
). To do that he would have to select 30
th
November. After that B would not be able to get to 31
st

December and would be forced to select a date in December. In order to select 30
th
November, A would
have to select 29
th
October. Similarly, he would have to select the following date:
30
th
November
29
th
October
28
th
September
27
th
August
26
th
July
25
th
June
24
th
May
23
rd
April
22
nd
March
21
st
February
20
th
January

After 20
th
January, if B selects any date from 21
st
January to 30
th
January, A can get to the corresponding
date out of the above dates quickly.

17. Answer option 1
He always wears either a blue suit or white socks. If he wears white socks, he also wears a blue shirt. But
if he was also wearing a blue suit along with white socks and blue shirt, he would be wearing a blue tie.
Therefore, he is only wearing white socks and blue shirt.

18. Answer option 4
If we assume Anjali to be telling the truth, Bhagat comes out to be an alternator and chetan comes out
to be a liar. Other cases do not work.

19. Answer option 4
The problem gives two “If X then Y” statements and states that one of them is true. The first statement
cannot be false because then it gives the meaning “If X then NOT Y” which would mean that all three of
spark plugs, points and distributor cap are fine. Therefore, second statement is false. Therefore, she
needs new spark plugs and distributor cap.

20. Answer option 4
Let the switches be numbered 1, 2, 3 and 4 from the right, i.e. 1 being the rightmost switch. Here are the
moves to achieve this:
Move 1: Turn off switch 2
Move 2: Turn off switch 1
Move 3: Turn off switch 4
Move 4: Turn on switch 1
Move 5: Turn on switch 2
Move 6: Turn off switch 1
Move 7: Turn off switch 3
Move 8: Turn on switch 1
Move 9: Turn off switch 2
Move 10: Turn off switch 1
SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)



21. Answer option 2
The flag will rise

22. Answer option 3
Add the numerical values of the letters to obtain the two digit sum written below. G has a numerical
value 7 and M has a numerical value 15 and they add to 22.

23. Answer option 4
In the columns, add the numerical value of the top and middle letters to give the bottom letters.

24. Answer option 4
The first three spend a total of Rs. 2760 on 12 of each item so cost of each tool set =2760/12 =Rs. 230

25. Answer option 1

26. Answer option 2
Working from left to right, the X moves clockwise 1 segment, then 2, then 3 etc. The triangle moves
clockwise 4 segments, then 3, then 2 etc. The circle and square move to the opposite segments and back
again. #and * fill the first two consecutive empty segments in a clockwise direction and the dots fill any
segments left empty.

27. Solution: - Option no. 3
First box takes 6 seconds to get filled.
All the boxes other than first take 7 seconds to get filled.
Total time =30 × 60 =1800 seconds.
First box takes 6 seconds, so remaining time =1800 – 6 =1794 seconds.
1794/7 =256, get filled fully & there is 1 toy in the last box
Total boxes in which there is at least 1 toy =1 +256 +1 =258

28. Solution: - Option no. 5
Total time =19 × 60 =1140
In 1140 seconds straight line has pushed 1140 toys.
With the 1140 toys, 162 boxes have 7 toys & 163
rd
box has 6 toys in it.
Toy no. 1140 is on the top of box no. 1, toy no. 1139 is on the top of box no. 2
……………………………….......... and so on up to toy no. 1000 on the top of box no. 140

29. Solution: - Option no. 1
Total time =20 × 60 =1200
In 1200 seconds straight line has pushed 1200 toys.
With 1200 toys 171 box are full & box no. 172 has 3 toys.
Toy no. 1200 is on the top of box no. 1, toy no. 1199 is on the top of box no. 2
……………………………….......... and so on up to toy no. 1030 on the top of box no. 171,
Toy no. 1029, 1028 & 1027 is in box no. 172. Toy no. 1026, 1025, 1024, 1023, 1022 & 1021 is box no.
171; Toy no. 1020, 1019, 1018, 1017, 1016 & 1015 is box no. 170; Toy no. 1014, 1013, 1012, 1011, 1010
& 1009 is box no. 169; Toy no. 1008, 1007, 1006, 1005, 1004 & 1003 is box no. 168 & toy no. 1002, 1001
& 1000 are in box no. 167

SNAP SHOTS 2010 (5)


30. Solution: - Option no. 1
First box takes 6 seconds to get filled.
All the boxes other than first take 7 seconds to get filled.
Total time =6 +(7 ×799) =6 +5593 =5599 seconds.
Or 93 minutes & 19 seconds.