Name : Kashish Agarwal Branch: Electronics & Communication Roll No : 1208231081 Section : J Year: 2nd Session: 2013- 2014

Introduction: In this mini project of Light Operated Doorbell circuit using LDR, we are going to operate street light using light dependent resistor (LDR). Components required: Resistors (all ¼-watt, ± 5% Carbon) R1 = 1 MΩ R2 = 10 KΩ R3 = 470 Ω VR1 = 100 KΩ Capacitors C1 = 1000 µF/25V C2 = 22 µF/25V Semiconductors IC1 = NE555 (Timer IC) T1 = BC548 DIAC1 = DB-3 TRIAC1 = BT136 D1, D2 = 1N4001 Miscellaneous SW1 PUSH-TO-ON DPST (Double Pole Single Switch) Switch B1 = Porch Light Bulb 100W X1 = 230V AC primary to secondary 0-12V, 250MA secondary transformer RL1 = 12V, 200 Ω 1C/O relay Description: Light-dependent switches are used in automatic hand-dryers and flushers in toilets. Here is a simple light-operated switch that works in normal light also. You can affix it on the main door of your house to work as an automatic doorbell or a thief alarm. The bell rings as soon as someone’s shadow falls on the sensor of this device. The sensor is a light-dependent resistor (LDR) made of CdS semiconductor whose resistance changes with light. In the presence of light its resistance becomes low, while in darkness the resistance goes high.

its resistance increases and the potential difference between pin 2 of IC1 and ground increases. characterized in that the said lighting member is connected with a photosensitive component. The output of the timer goes low.3V. Melody IC UM66 gets the input from timer NE555 and its output is fed to the base of transistor T1 through resistor R2. This low voltage at ground terminal of UM66 starts its operation. you will hear a melodious tone.Fig. so you will not hear any melody. characterized in that the said photosensitive component is disposed at a position exposing to external lights. the said lighting member and the said photosensitive component are simultaneously connected with a function selection switch. a light and sound control module and a lighting member. Assemble it on a general-purpose PCB and enclose in a suitable cabinet. The maximum working voltage of UM66 is 3. Applications: 1. When light falls on LDR1. Thus when light stops falling on the LDR. 3. A multifunctional doorbell with controllable lighting as in claim 2. the output of the timer remains high. When someone’s shadow falls on the LDR sensor. A multifunctional doorbell with controllable lighting as in claim 1. A zener diode is used to provide the maximum required voltage. which can be produced by 1. 1: Light-operated door bell The circuit uses timer IC 555 and melody-generator IC UM66. A 470-kilo-ohm preset (VR1) is used to change the threshold operation of the circuit. Avoid dry-soldering on the PCB for better working of the circuit. Fig. This high voltage at ground terminal of UM66 stops its operation.5V pencil cells. 2. its resistance decreases and the potential difference between pin 2 of IC1 and ground decreases. . 2: Pin configurationsof UM66 and BC548 The circuit works off 3-6V DC. In this condition. A multifunctional doorbell with controllable lighting comprising an outdoor member and an indoor member communicating with each other by wireless signals. a speaker. The pulse generated by UM66 is amplified by transistor T1 and fed to speaker LS1. characterized in that: the said indoor member comprises a power supply.