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Standard Metric Bolt Shank Dimensions

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2001-06-12, Rev. 2002-09-10.

2002 Garrett D. Euler

All countries in the world except USA, Liberia, and Myanmar use millimeters (mm). USA citizens: Conversion factor is 25.400000 mm/inch.
Areas herein are accurate to five significant digits using exact converted USA diameters and pitches (not rounded USA diameters and pitches
listed herein). M and MJ are metric thread profiles. Size designations not beginning with "M" in Table 1 are UN and UNJ thread profiles
(non-metric). Blank values in Table 1 mean nonexistent fastener size. Dark shaded values mean typically never used and typically
unavailable fastener size.

Table 1 Standard Metric and USA Bolt Shank Dimensions (All dimensions in units of mm or mm2 unless otherwise specified.)
Coarse Pitch Threads
Size Nominal Nominal Threads Pitch Pitch
Desig- (Major) Shank per
(mm Dianation Diam- Area, inch,
per meter,
eter,
An
n
thread), dp
Dn
p

0
M1.6
1
M2
2
M2.5
3
4
M3
M3.5
6
M4
8
10
M5
12
M6
0.2500
0.3125
M8
0.3750
M10
0.4375
M12
0.5000
M14
0.5625
0.6250
M16
0.7500
M20
M22*
0.8750
M24
1.0000
M27*
1.1250
M30
1.2500
M33
1.3750
M36
1.5000

1.5240
1.6000
1.8542
2.0000
2.1844
2.5000
2.5146
2.8448
3.0000
3.5000
3.5052
4.0000
4.1656
4.8260
5.0000
5.4864
6.0000
6.3500
7.9375
8.0000
9.5250
10.000
11.112
12.000
12.700
14.000
14.288
15.875
16.000
19.050
20.000
22.000
22.225
24.000
25.400
27.000
28.575
30.000
31.750
33.000
34.925
36.000
38.100

1.8241
2.0106
2.7002
3.1416
3.7476
4.9087
4.9662
6.3561
7.0686
9.6211
9.6497
12.566
13.628
18.292
19.635
23.641
28.274
31.669
49.483
50.265
71.256
78.540
96.987
113.10
126.68
153.94
160.33
197.93
201.06
285.02
314.16
380.13
387.95
452.39
506.71
572.56
641.30
706.86
791.73
855.30
957.99
1017.9
1140.1

64
56
48
40

32
32
24
24
20
18
16
14
13
12
11
10

9
8
7
7
6
6

Fine Pitch Threads

Minor M,
MJ, Threads Pitch Pitch
Dia- UNC, UNJC per
(mm Diameter UNRC Tensile inch,
per meter,
Area, Tensile Stress
n thread), dp
As Stress Area,
p
Area, A ts
A ts

0.350001.37271.0762 1.2700 1.4799


0.396881.59641.4074 1.6915 2.0016
0.400001.74021.7890 2.0732 2.3784
0.453571.88981.9986 2.3847 2.8049
0.450002.20772.9801 3.3908 3.8280
0.529172.17092.6222 3.1386 3.7014
0.635002.43243.2045 3.8922 4.6467
0.500002.67524.4734 5.0308 5.6210
0.60000 3.11035.9997 6.7752 7.5979
0.793752.98964.8075 5.8615 7.0199
0.700003.54537.7496 8.7787 9.8720
0.793753.65007.7166 9.0379 10.464
1.05834.13869.3546 11.311 13.452
0.80004.480412.683 14.183 15.766
1.05834.799013.277 15.590 18.088
1.00005.350517.894 20.123 22.484
1.27005.525117.351 20.530 23.976
1.41117.021029.267 33.826 38.715
1.25007.188132.841 36.609 40.581
1.58758.493943.741 49.994 56.663
1.50009.025752.292 57.990 63.981
1.81439.934160.210 68.586 77.508
1.750010.86376.247 84.267 92.687
1.9538 11.43181.103 91.548 102.63
2.000012.701104.71 115.44 126.70
2.116712.913104.55 117.38 130.96
2.309114.375130.20 145.81 162.30
2.000014.701144.12 156.67 169.74
2.540017.400194.84 215.78 237.79
2.500018.376225.19 244.79 265.22
2.500020.376281.53 303.40 326.09
2.822220.392270.51 297.89 326.59
3.000022.051324.27 352.50 381.91
3.175023.338355.51 390.80 427.77
3.000025.051427.09 459.41 492.90
3.628626.218447.18 492.44 539.88
3.500027.727518.99 560.59 603.79
3.628629.393574.10 625.23 678.55
3.500030.727647.19 693.55
4.233332.175680.06 745.09 813.09
4.000033.402759.28 816.72 876.26
4.233335.350834.73 906.62 981.47

Minor M,
MJ,
Dia- UNF, UNJF
meter UNRF Tensile
Area, Tensile Stress
As Stress Area,
Area, A ts
A ts

80

0.317501.31780.9704 1.1588 1.3639

72

0.352781.62511.5304 1.7920 2.0741

64

0.396881.92662.1874 2.5383 2.9153

56
48

0.453572.2200 2.9116 3.3741 3.8707


0.52917 2.50113.6555 4.2611 4.9130

40

0.635003.09285.6424 6.5440 7.5124

36
32

0.705563.70738.2910 9.5016 10.795


0.793754.3104 11.311 12.899 14.593

28

0.907144.897214.576 16.638 18.836

28
24

0.907145.760821.006 23.467 26.065


1.05837.250133.826 37.462 41.284
1.00007.350536.030 39.167 42.435
1.05838.837652.170 56.663 61.342
1.25009.188156.297 61.199 66.304
1.270010.28870.327 76.591 83.123
1.2500 11.18886.037 92.072 98.311
1.2700 11.87595.903 103.20 110.76
1.500013.026 116.13 124.55 133.26
1.411113.371121.82 130.96 140.42
1.411114.958154.86 165.13 175.74
1.500015.026157.47 167.25 177.32
1.587518.019226.65 240.62 255.00
1.500019.026259.00 271.50 284.30
1.500021.026319.20 333.06 347.21
1.814321.047310.03 328.69 347.90
2.000022.701364.61 384.42 404.74
2.116724.025402.94 427.77 453.34
2.000025.701473.22 495.74 518.79
2.116727.200523.82 552.08 581.08
2.000028.701595.96 621.20 646.97
2.116730.375660.54 692.22 724.65
2.000031.701732.83 760.80 789.29
2.116733.550813.09 848.20 884.06
2.000034.701883.85 914.53 945.74
2.116736.725981.47 1020.0 1059.3

24
20
20
18
18
16

14
12
12
12
12
12

13/09/2012 09:11

Standard Metric Bolt Shank Dimensions

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* M22 x 2.5 and M27 x 3 for high strength structural steel fasteners only.
M and MJ are metric thread profiles. Size designations not beginning with "M" in Table 1 are UN and UNJ thread profiles (non-metric), no
longer used anywhere in the world except in a few behind-the-times organizations in USA.

You can look up each value in Table 1, above, or you can use the Table 2 formulas to calculate the values yourself. In the
following table, Dn is nominal shank diameter (fastener size) from Table 1. Pitch p is fastener longitudinal length per thread.
Note that p = 1 / n, where n = threads per unit length. Le is thread engagement length.
Table 2 Bolt Shank Geometric Formulas
Fastener Stress Analysis
Quantity Description

Value (for various Thread Profiles)


UN, UNR
MJ

Symbol

60

60

Minor diameter

Dm

Dn 1.226869 p

Dn 1.299038 p

Tensile stress diameter

Dts

Dn 0.938194 p

Dn 0.974279 p

Pitch diameter
Shear stress diameter, shank in
shear plane
Shear stress diameter, threads in
shear plane

dp

Dn 0.75 p sin a

Ds

Dn

Ds

Dts. Or you can conservatively use Dm.

NASA TM-106943, 1995,


p. 16.

Thread shear (stripping) area,


sloppy thread tolerances

Ath

0.333 p dp Le

Barrett, Fastener Design


Manual, NASA RP-1228, 1990,
p. 21.

Thread shear area, both threads


class 2 or 3 (ISO class 6H/6g)
thread tolerance

Ath

0.5 p dp Le

FED-STD-H28/2B, 1991, Table


II.B.1, p. 57, Eq. 7.

Thread profile angle

Source

UNJ

60

60

ISO 68-1, 1998, Fig. 1, p. 2.

ISO 898-1, 1999, Sect. 8.2,


Same as
Same as
p. 13; ASME B1.1, 1989, Sect.
M profile. UNR profile.
8.3.1.f, p. 53.

dp

ISO 898-1, 1999, Sect. 8.2,


p. 13; MIL-HDBK-60, 1990,
Sect. 110.1, p. 27.
ISO 724, 1993, p. 2.

Thread engagement length. In general, according to Machine Design magazine, the minimum recommended length of engagement is
0.75 to 1 times the bolt major diameter for threading into steel and other materials of comparable hardness; and 1 to 1.5 times the bolt major
diameter for threading into brass, cast iron, and aluminum. These lengths of engagement specified are for full threads engaged, not overall bolt
length. Regarding partial threads in the chamfers on the ends of internal or external threads, FED-STD-H28/2B, 1991, Sect. 7.7.2, p. 61,
specifies that approximately half the countersink or chamfer depth may be included in the length of engagement calculation.
Return to Structural Analysis Reference Library.

2002 Garrett D. Euler

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