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) (

)( )
( ) ( Geriatric
.Paediatric physiotherapy


Cardiovascular and Pulmonary

. :
) (Cardiac rehabilitation

. Cystic fibrosis :
Fibrosis Bronchiectasis

) (
) (







) Cognitive
(rehabilitation .


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Mitra Qayoom, Physiotherapist, London, 04 June 2011

Physiotherapy is a healthcare profession which focuses on the physical treatment and management
of conditions in order to enable individuals to achieve their full potential and improve their quality of
life. Physiotherapists are autonomous practitioners who diagnose and treat people of all ages, from
newborn to the very oldest, who have medical conditions and other health related problems.
Physiotherapists examine each individual and develop a plan using treatment techniques to promote
the ability to move, reduce pain, restore function, and prevent disability and hospital re admissions.

Physiotherapy has many specialities including Neurology, Cardiopulmonary, Musculoskeletal,

Geriatrics, Paediatrics, and Orthopaedics. Physiotherapists also work in the community to deliver

health services and rehabilitation to people who cannot attend an outpatient appointment due to
reduced mobility, transport issues or other health related problems.

Areas of speciality
Cardiovascular and Pulmonary - This area deals with rehabilitating patients pre and post cardiac or
lung surgeries. Treatments include cardiac rehab (this is a programme consisting of exercises and
education sessions) post heart surgery to help increase endurance and functional independence.
Treatments for pulmonary patients include techniques such as manual therapy to assist in the
clearance of lung secretions experienced by patients suffering from Cystic Fibrosis, Pulmonary
Fibrosis, Bronchiectasis and COPD. Those suffering form COPD are usually referred for pulmonary
rehabilitation (an intervention designed for patients with long term chronic respiratory conditions to
optimise their physical and social performance and autonomy) post discharge.
Neurology Physiotherapist focus on the management of neurologically impaired patients such as
those suffering from conditions like Stroke, Parkinsons disease, and spinal injuries. Treatments are
focused on teaching patients the correct walking pattern again (as this is impaired depending on
which area of the brain is injured), improving balance, increasing muscle strength, preventing
contractures and improving quality of life.
Orthopaedics Orthopaedic therapists are trained in the treatment of post-operative orthopaedic
procedures, fractures, acute sports injuries, arthritis, sprains, strains, back and neck pain, spinal
conditions and amputations. Treatment techniques include muscle re-education, joint and spine
manipulation, the use of hot/cold packs and the use of electrical modalities such as TENS.

Geriatrics Physiotherapist in this speciality are involved in the treatment and management of the
elderly. As we grow older our joints become more susceptible to developing conditions such as
arthritis and Osteoporosis, as a result of which our balance can be compromised and we become at
high risks for falls. Hip and joint replacements surgeries are often the most common procedures
performed to alleviate symptoms. Physiotherapists are involved in the treatments of these
conditions pre and post surgery to help enable the older population to lead life as independently
and efficiently as possible.
Paediatrics paediatric Physiotherapists assist in the early detection of health problems in the
paediatric population. They diagnose, treat and manage infants, children and adolescents with a
variety of congenital, developmental, neuromuscular, skeletal, or acquired diseases. Treatments
focus on improving balance and coordination, muscle strength, as well as cognitive and sensory
Sports Physiotherapists are involved in the care of athletes where focus is on management of
injuries, treatment and rehabilitation port sports injuries.