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RENR5327-01 June 2003

FLUID POWER SYMBOLS


BASIC COMPONENT SYMBOLS
MAIN AUX.

PUMP or MOTOR

FLUID CONDITIONER

SPRING

CONTROL VALVES

RESTRICTION

LINE RESTRICTION (FIXED)

2-SECTION PUMP

PUMP: VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED

38
Pi1

18

VARIABILITY

SPRING (ADJUSTABLE)

LINE RESTRICTION (VARIABLE)

PRESSURE COMPENSATION

HYDRAULIC PNEUMATIC ENERGY TRIANGLES

LINE RESTRICTION (VARIABLE and PRESSURE COMPENSATED)

VALVE ENVELOPES

VALVES

VALVE PORTS

P/N 177-2800

aR5

aR4

aR3

aR2

aR1

Pi2 Pi4
S/N

ONE POSITION
aL4

TWO POSITION

THREE POSITION

TWO-WAY

THREE-WAY

FOUR-WAY

aL1

aL2

aL3

CONTROL VALVES
HL

CHECK VALVES

HR

AB

AB

R3

P T NORMAL POSITION

P T SHIFTED POSITION

INFINITE POSITION

BASIC SYMBOL

SPRING LOADED

MEASUREMENT

ROTATING SHAFTS

25 27 26 39 37

24

23 21
Pi4

35 22

19 34 20 32 17

PRESSURE

TEMPERATURE

FLOW

UNIDIRECTIONAL

BIDIRECTIONAL

325C Excavators Hydraulic System


30

FLUID STORAGE RESERVOIRS

VENTED

PRESSURIZED

RETURN ABOVE FLUID LEVEL

RETURN BELOW FLUID LEVEL

COMBINATION CONTROLS

AR5

AR4

AR3

AR2

AR1

42

AL1

AL2

AL3

AL4

CRB1-UP JLC1-UP JLD1-UP CSJ1-UP

SOLENOID

SOLENOID or MANUAL

SOLENOID and PILOT

SOLENOID and PILOT or MANUAL

SERVO

THERMAL

DETENT

MANUAL CONTROL SYMBOLS

BR5 R1

BR4

BR3

BR2

BR1

BL1

BL2 BL3

Pi3 R2

PUSH-PULL LEVER

GENERAL MANUAL

PUSH BUTTON

PEDAL

SPRING

RELEASED PRESSURE

PILOT CONTROL SYMBOLS

REMOTE SUPPLY PRESSURE

EXTERNAL RETURN

INTERNAL RETURN

SIMPLIFIED

COMPLETE

INTERNAL SUPPLY PRESSURE

36

ACCUMULATORS
SPRING LOADED GAS CHARGED

CROSSING AND JOINING LINES

HYDRAULIC AND PNEUMATIC CYLINDERS


SINGLE ACTING DOUBLE ACTING

LINES CROSSING

LINES JOINING

HYDRAULIC PUMPS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

HYDRAULIC MOTORS
FIXED DISPLACEMENT VARIABLE DISPLACEMENT NON-COMPENSATED

INTERNAL PASSAGEWAYS
INFINITE POSITIONING THREE POSITION TWO POSITION

UNIDIRECTIONAL
bR5 bR4 DST bL1 bL2 bL3 bL4

UNIDIRECTIONAL
FLOW IN ONE DIRECTION PARALLEL FLOW CROSS FLOW FLOW ALLOWED IN EITHER DIRECTION

BIDIRECTIONAL
bR3 bR2 bR1

BIDIRECTIONAL

2003 Caterpillar All Rights Reserved

Printed in U.S.A.

13 Main Control Valve

PAC

DR2 T-OUT PSA1

55

DRG T-OUT

54
PSA2 DR1 DR5

53
P-IN

Pi2

52
P2

RD4 RD3

43 Pilot Oil Manifold

P1

f03870

Hydraulic Schematic 215-4896


MAIN CONNECTOR LINE PILOT LINE

29 2 43 3 4 51 62 28

10

SWING MOTOR

PG
A1 P

60 61 13 6

DR MU

Pp3

Pp3 T

61

68

8 65
B A A
T

A2

B1

A1

5 9 6

67 3 64 56 59 4 58 63 57

B2 P2 P1

10 14 11 13
BP3 BP2 BPi BDr

SPi

SP2

TRAVEL(L)

TRAVEL(R)

SDr SP3 SP1 T AL4 aL4 (RAISE) BL3 R2 ST AL3 aL3 (IN)

12
BL2 AL2 (L) BL1 aL2 AL1 aL1

Di4

BR5 Pi4 aR1 (REV) BR1 AR1 aR2 BR2 AR2 aR3 BR3 AR3 aR4 (LOWER) Pi1 AR4 (CLOSE) BP1 BR4 BT R1 AR5 aR5 R3

(REV)

17 18

19

20

21

22

23

24 25

26

27

(IN)

15
DB2 PB2 DB1 PB1 PB5 DB5 DB6 PB6

16

28

STICK

SWING

BUCKET

29
BOOM

40 30 31
BOOM(2)

32 33
STICK (1)
Di2 Pi2 (OUT) bL3 Pi3 Di3

34

38 35
TRAVEL(R)
(FWD) DST PL PR bR1 bR2

39

36
ATCH BUCKET
(OPEN) bR3

37
BOOM(1)
(RAISE) bR4 Di1

SWING
(R) bL2

DOWN

OUT

CLOSE

OPEN

UP

IN

TRAVEL(L)
(FWD) bL1

STICK(2)
(OUT) bR5 HR

HL

bL4

STANDARD COMPONENTS

41

Item No.
A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8

Component

Item No.

Component

B1

B2

B3

B4

C B5

B6

B7

B8

A2 FR U

B1

A1

M2

G2

47

44

B2 RR P2 P1 A2 A4 Pn2 Ps2 PsM2 M4

42
P1 P2 Pi1 Pi2 (SW PARKING) PSA1 PSA2

43
PAC

52

NO1 (TRAVEL)

54 53

NO3 (LOCK)

46 45
S3 S1

58 59
I D
OCS

Dr2 Dr1 DrM

48

49

50 56
DR1 DR2 DR3 DR4 DR5 DR6 TOUT1 TOUT2 PIN

S4

PILOT

65
M3 PsM1 Ps1

C P G T B A D E F G

51

55
OUT DR IN

57
A1

64

67

Pn1 A3 G1 M1 Pm Pi

60
A

L B

66

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34

Pressure Reducing Valve Swing Motor Travel Motor (Left) Travel Motor (Right) Bucket Cylinder Boom Cylinder Pressure Reducing Valve (Boom Raise Priority) Stick Cylinder Swivel Pilot Control Valve (Travel) Stick Drift Reduction Valve Line Relief Valve (Stick Cylinder Rod End) Main Control Valve Boom Drift Reduction Valve Travel Pressure Switch (Left) Travel Pressure Switch (Right) Boom II Control Valve Stick Regeneration Valve Stick I Control Valve Swing Control Valve Straight Travel Control Solenoid Straight Travel Control Valve Right Travel Control Valve Attachment Control Valve Bucket Control Valve Boom I Control Valve Stick II Control Valve Pilot Control Valve (Swing and Stick) Pilot Control Valve (Boom or Bucket) Negative Flow Control Relief Valve Stick Unloading Valve Line Relief Valve (Stick Cylinder Head End) Variable Swing Priority Valve Left Travel Control Valve

35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68

Main Relief Valve Line Relief Valve (Bucket Cylinder Rod End) Line Relief Valve (Bucket Cylinder Head End) Boom Regeneration Valve Line Relief Valve (Boom Cylinder Rod End) Negative Flow Control Relief Valve Logic Valve Implement/Swing Pressure Switch Pilot Oil Manifold Accumulator Pressure Reducing Valve for Swing Priority Pressure Reducing Valve for Boom Priority Pressure Switch (Left Pump) Cooling Pump Relief Valve Slow Return Check Valve Bypass Check Valve Return Filter Solenoid Valve (Travel Speed) Solenoid Valve (Swing Parking Brake) Valve (Hydraulic Activation) Solenoid Valve (Hydraulic Activation) Pilot Relief Valve Pilot Filter Left Pump Pilot Pump Oil Cooler Fan Motor Hydraulic Tank Drain Filter Right Pump Cooling Pump Pressure Switch (Right Pump) Proportional Reducing Valve (Power Shift) Fine Swing Solenoid Valve

61

62

63

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