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Power Electronics wy 333 John G. Kassakian Martin F. Schlecht George C. Verghese Massachusetts Institute of Technology neh AO rOrnaNE OOK. nal. cASKAMLIGD w ADDISON-WESLEY PUBLISHING COMPANY Reading. Massachusets » Menlo Park, Califia « New York Don Mills, Ontario « Wokingham, England » Ameterdam * Bonn Sydney « Singapore * Tokyo # Madrid « San Juan « Milan » Pati This took is inthe Addison-Wesley Series in Blecrcal Rngneering Many of te cesignations used by manutactaers and sells to dstingulsh hee products are caine 28 wademark. Waere tions ap prin this bak, and Adgison- Wesley was aware ofa trademark claim, the designations have been pnd i ill caps or ll caps Litrary of Congress Cotaloing-in Publication Data 7 Kasi, ft 0 eneips of power elerois / Job G. Keke, Marin F. Seta, George cere eles inde ISBN 0201-06987 Power sestonice Sesh Marin Vrs, Gemge CI Te. TRIS? AL ea1st-8a0 0.4906 or ‘Copyrghe @1991 by Addison-Wesley Publishing Company, te Alt rights reserved. No pat ofthis publication may be reproduced, stored in a revcval system, or Wapamited, in any fem oF BY any means, siecooie,wechaneal,phctocopying recording, or eherwise, witout the prior writen persion f th pablshr.Prntd ia the United States of Americ. 123456789 10HAss94929291 To our families Preface WE éesigned this txt specifically to rach the subject of power electronics. Al- though the coverage is broad, we develop topics in sufiient depth to expose the {Fundamental principles, concepts, techniques, methods, and circuits necesary for you to understand and design power electronic systems for applications a diverse ‘8 5-W switching converter and a 500-MW high-voltage de transmission terminal ‘Traditionally, power electronics has been considered and taught ae an aggre ame of separate disciplines; for example, moter drives, élde converters, or static rectifier systems. Almost invariably students are exposed to power electonics in only one context, depending on the perspective athe book or the instructor, More- over, those who aequire an understanding of power electronics “on the job” usually have limited exposure ro the subject, However, all applications of power electronics share a common base, and we have tied 1o make this fact clear i this book ‘The book is divided into four pants. Each part begins with an overview chapter ‘hat establishes a context forthe remaining chapters ofthe part, These overviews sare substantial enough to stand independently ar ae intended to do so for certain reaching purposes. Part "Form and Function,” is the backbone ofthe book. In it we present the ‘elationship between the form, or topology, of power circuits and the function these circuits perform. ‘The common features of ercuts that perform the basic electrical nergy conversion functions—acide, defde, defac, and ac/a0—e introduced in is par. But the real purpose of Part lis to present a way of thinking about power electronic circuits and visualizing their behavior that can be extended to new situations and can serve as the basis for synthesis-as well as analysis, ln Part I, “Dynamics and Control,” we consider the unique problems of mod- ling and controlling power electronic systems, We present analytical appronches to modeling their dynamic behavior and show how to use these approdches in designing and evaluating practical feedback contol systems. Because ofits role in sibility evaluation and its potential importance in the design of fully digital control systems, we also prevent the advanced topic of sampled-data modeling and control in Par I In Past 11, “Components,” we diseuss the behavior and characterization of the elements from which power electronic circuits are constructed, A substantial portion of Par Ill is devoted to semiconductor devices, going beyond the ideal ‘Switch models for these devices that suficed for Parts 1 and Hl, We believe this vii