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VFD-M

Variable Speed AC Motor Drive


230V/460V 0.5 HP 7.5 HP 0.4KW5.5KW High-performance / Low Noise / Mini-Type AC Drive

User Manual

April 24, 1999

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC.

Delta Electronics, Inc.

NORTH / SOUTH AMERICA


DELTA PRODUCTS CORPORATION

EUROPE
DELTA ELECTRONICS GmbH

Sales Office P.O.BOX 12173 5101 DAVIS DRIVE RESEARCH TRIANGLE PARK, NORTH CAROLINA, 27709 U. S. A. PHONE: 1-919-767-3800 FAX: 1-919-767-3969

Sales Office HANNS-MARTIN-SCHLEYER-STRASSE 9D GEWERBEPARK MUENCHHIEDE II 47877 WILLICH, GERMANY PHONE: 49-2154-489-8888 FAX: 49-2154-489-8889

http://www.deltadrives.com

ASIA
DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC.

TAOYUAN Plant 31-1 SHIEN PAN ROAD KUEI SAN INDUSTRIAL ZONE 333 TAOYUAN, TAIWAN R. O. C. PHONE: 886-3-361-6301 FAX: 886-3-362-7267 http://www.delta.com.tw

5011201801 9904

Table of Contents

Preface
Thank you for choosing DELTAs high-performance VFD-M Series. VFD-M Series are manufactured by adopting high-quality components, material and incorporating the latest microprocessor technology available. & Getting Started This manual will be helpful in the installation, parameter setting, troubleshooting, and daily maintenance of the AC motor drives. To guarantee safe operation of the equipment, read the following safety guidelines before connecting power to the AC motor drives. Keep this operating manual handy and distribute to all users for reference.
! ! !

WARNING

Always read this manual thoroughly before using VFD-M series AC Motor Drives. DANGER! AC input power must be disconnected before any maintenance. Do not connect or disconnect wires and connectors while power is applied to the circuit. Maintenance must be performed by qualified technicians.

CAUTION! There are highly sensitive MOS components on the printed circuit boards. These components are especially sensitive to static electricity. To avoid damage to these components, do not touch these components or the circuit boards with metal objects or your bare hands.

DANGER! A charge may still remain in the DC-link capacitor with hazardous voltages even if the power has been turned off. To avoid personal injury, do not remove the cover of the AC drive until all DISPLAY LED lights on the digital keypad are off. Please note that there are live components exposed within the AC drives. Do not touch these live parts.

CAUTION! Ground the VFD-M using the ground terminal. The grounding method must comply with the laws of the country where the AC drive is to be installed. Refer to Basic Wiring Diagram (CH 2-5).

DANGER! The AC drive may be destroyed beyond repair if incorrect cables are connected to the input/output terminals. Never connect the AC drive output terminals U, V, and W directly to the AC main circuit power supply.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 1: RECEIVING AND INSPECTIONS 1-1 Nameplate Information .....1 1-2 Model Explanation .1 1-3 Serial Number Explanation ...1 1-4 External Parts and Label ...2

CHAPTER 2: STORAGE AND INSTALLATION 2-1 Storage ..3 2-2 Ambient Conditions .....3 2-3 Installation .....4 2-4 Connections .....5 2-5 Basic Wiring Diagram .....6 2-6 External Wiring .....7 2-7 Control Terminal Wiring ......8 2-8 Wiring Notes......9 2-9 Motor Operation Precautions ..... .11

CHAPTER 3: DIGITAL KEYPAD OPERATION 3-1 3-2 3-3 3-4 Description of Digital Keypad.....12 Explanation of LED Indicators....13 Explanation of Displayed Messages..14 Keypad Operation..15

CHAPTER 4: DESCRIPTION OF PARAMETERS ....18 CHAPTER 5: MAINTENANCE AND INSPECTIONS 5-1 Periodic Inspection ..... 78 5-2 Periodic Maintenance..... 78

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

ii

Table of Contents

CHAPTER 6: TROUBLESHOOTING AND FAULT INFORMATION ..79 CHAPTER 7: SUMMARY OF PARAMETER .83

APPENDIX APPENDIX A STANDARD SPECIFICATIONS . 94 APPENDIX B ACCESSORIES LIST ....... 95 B-1 B-2 B-3 100 B-4 EMI Filter ....... 102 Din Rail ... 96 Remote Control Box ..... 98 Braking Resistor .......

APPENDIX C VFD-M DIMENSIONS ... 104 APPENDIX D FUSE and NFB SPECIFICATIONS ... 106 APPENDIX E EC DECLARATION OF CONFORMITY ..... 107 APPENDIX F WARRANTY ..... 109 INDEX .. 110

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

iii

Chapter 1 Receiving and Inspection

Chapter 1 Receiving and Inspection


This VFD-M AC drive has gone through rigorous quality control tests at the factory before shipment. After receiving the AC motor drive, please check for the following:

Receiving
Check to make sure that the package includes an AC drive, the User Manual, and rubber bushings. Inspect the unit to insure it was not damaged during shipment. Make sure that the part number indicated on the nameplate corresponds with the part number of your order. CH 1-1 Nameplate Information: *Example for 1HP 230V AC drive
AC Drive Model Input Spec. Output Spec. Output Frequency Range Serial NO. & Bar Code
MODEL: VFD007M23A INPUT: 3HP 200-240V 50/60Hz 6.0A OUTPUT: 3 HP 0-240V 5.0A 1.9 KVA 1 HP

Frequency Range: 0.1-400Hz


D007M23A0T9010001 DELTA ELECTRONICS INC.
MADE IN TAIWAN

CH 1-2 Model Explanation:

VFD 007 M 23 A
Version Type Input Voltage 21: Single phase 230V

Series name

23 :Three phase 230V

43: Three phase 460 V

M Series Applicable motor capacity 004 : 0.4KW 022 : 2.2KW 007 : 0.7KW 037 : 3.7KW 015 : 1.5KW 055 : 5.5KW

CH 1-3 Series Number Explanation:

VFD007M23A

T 9 01 0001
Production number Production week Production year 1999 Production factory (Taoyuan) Model Number

If there is any nameplate information not corresponding to your purchase order or any problem, please contact your supplier.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 1 Receiving and Inspection CH 1-4 External Parts and Labels:

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation

Chapter 2 Storage and Installations


CH 2-1 Storage: The AC motor drives should be kept in the shipping carton before installation. In order to retain the warranty coverage, the AC motor drives should be stored properly when it is not to be used over for an extended period of time. Some storage suggestions are: Store in a clean and dry location free from direct sunlight or corrosive fumes. Store within an ambient temperature range of -20 to +65 .

Store within a relative humidity range of 0% to 95% and non-condensing environment. Store within an air pressure range of 86 kPA to 106kPA. Do not store the AC motor drives on a shelf or on an unstable surface.

CH 2-2 Ambient Conditions: w Operation Air Temperature: -10 to +50 (14 to 122 ) Relative Humidity: 0% to 90%, no condensation allowed Atmosphere pressure: 86 to 106 kPa Installation Site Altitude: below 1000m Vibration: Maximum 9.86 m/s2 (1G) at less than 20Hz Maximum 5.88 m/s2 (1G) at 20Hz to 50Hz w Storage Temperature: -20 to +60 (-4 to 140 ) Relative Humidity: Less than 90%, no condensation allowed Atmosphere pressure: 86 to 106 kPa Temperature: -20 to +60 (-4 to 140 ) Relative Humidity: Less than 90%, no condensation allowed Atmosphere pressure: 86 to 106 kPa Vibration: Maximum 9.86 m/s2 (1G) at less than 20Hz Maximum 5.88 m/s2 (1G) at 20Hz to 50Hz

Transportation

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation CH 2-3 Installation: Improper installation of the AC drive will greatly reduce its life. Be sure to observe the following precautions when selecting a mounting location. Failure to observe these precautions may void the warranty! w w Do not mount the AC drive near heat-radiating elements or in direct sunlight. Do not install the AC drive in a place subjected to high temperature, high humidity, excessive vibration, corrosive gases or liquids, or airborne dust or metallic particles. Mount the AC drive vertically and do not restrict the air flow to the heat sink fins. The AC drive generates heat. Allow sufficient space around the unit for heat dissipation as shown in the figure next page:

w w

150mm (6 inches) or more

Air Flow

50mm (2 inches) or more

50mm (2 inches) or more

Metal Container

VFD-M
150mm (6 inches) or more

Minimum Clearances and Air Flow

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation CH 2-4 Connections:

DANGER
Hazardous Voltage Before servicing the electrical system: w Disconnect all power. w Wait one minute until DC bus capacitors discharge. Failure to observe this instruction will result in death or serious injury.

&

General Wiring Information Applicable Codes

All VFD-M AC drives are Underwriters Laboratories, Inc. (UL) and Canadian Underwriters Laboratories (cUL) listed, and therefore comply with the requirements of the National Electrical Code (NEC) and the Canadian Electrical Code (CEC). Installation s intended to meet UL and cUL requirements must follow the instructions provided in CH 2-8 Wiring Notes section below as a minimum standard. Where local codes exceed these requirements, they must also be followed. Refer to the technical data label affixed to the AC drive and the motor nameplate for electrical data.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation CH 2-5 Basic Wiring Diagram: Users must connect wiring according to the following circuit diagram shown below.
Braking resistor (optional) Protective Device Power Terminals Select any of the two terminals for single phase models
R S T

B2 R S T

B1 U V W Grounding resistance less than 100 [ Potentiometer]1K[^ AC Motor


IM

VFD-M

Factory default Forward/Stop

Reverse/Stop Reset

M0 M1 M2

Multi-step 1 Multi-step 2 Multi-step 3 Common signal


M5 GND M3 M4

GND

Anolog + Output DC 0 to + 10V Factory default: indicate output frequency

Multi-function indication output contacts below RB 120VAC/28VDC 5A 230VAC/2.5 A RC Factory default: indicates malfunction
MO1

RA

Anolog voltage 0~10VDC Potentiometer 3K~5K [ Analog Current 4~20mA

3
Pot.

+10V 10mA (MAX)


2 AVI MCM

Multi-function Photocoupler output below 48VDC 50mA Factory default: indicates during operation

Factory default: output freq.(Pot) determined by the potentiometer on the control panel.

GND 6

AC MOTOR DRIVES Control circuit terminals

Main circuit (power) terminals

RJ-11 communication port with RS-485 serial interface 2:GND 3:SG4:SG+ 5:+5V * SEE NOTE BELOW * Shielded leads

*NOTE*: Do not plug in a Modem or telephone line to the RS-485 communication. Terminal 2 & 5 are the power sources for the optional copy keypad. Do not connect to these terminals while using RS-485 communication port.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation CH 2-6 External wiring: Explanations Please follow the specific power supply requirement shown in the APPENDIX-A. There may be in rush current during power up. Please check the chart of APPENDIX Fuse/NFB D and select the correct fuse with rated current. NFB is optional. Please do not use a Magnetic contactor as Magnetic the I/O switch of the AC drive, this will contactor reduce the operating life cycle of the AC (Optional) drive. To improve the power factor. An AC AC Reactor Reactor may be necessary when capacity (Optional) is above 1000kVA, and the wiring distance is within 10m. It will reduce the electromagnetic interference. EMI filter 16DKT1W3S for (Optional) VFD004M/007M/015M21A 10TDT1W4S for VFD004M/007M/015M23A DC Link Reactor Please wire to manufacturers specification to avoid damage to the AC drive. (Optional) Braking Used to reduce stopping time of the motor. Resistor Please check the chart on Appendix B for (Optional) specific Braking Resistors. Items Power supply

Fuse / NFB

NOTE: Please check with APPENDIX D on page 107 for more details on No Fuse Breaker Selection Chart and Fuse specifications.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation CH 2-7 Control Terminal Wiring (Factory Settings):
RA RB RC M0 M1 M2 M3 M4M5 GND AFM
AVI +10V MCM M01

Wire Gauge: 12-14 AWG Wire Type: Copper Only Torque: 4 kg-cm
Photo coupler output Factory setting: fault indication

Relay contactor output Factory setting

Potentiometer: 3K to 5K Forward / Stop Reverse / Stop Reset Multi-step speed 1 Multi-step speed 2 Multi-step speed 3 Bias Potentiometer

Full scale voltmeter 0 to 10VDC

Terminal symbols RA RC RB - RC MO1 -MCM RJ - 11 +10V - GND AVI - GND AFM - GND M0 - GND M1 - GND M2 - GND M3 - GND M4 - GND M5 - GND

Terminal name Multi-Function Indication Output Contact Multi-Function Indication Output Contact Multi-function PHC output Serial communication port

Remarks Refer to Pr.46 Relay output contact RA-RC (N.O. Contact) RB-RC (N.C. Contact) Refer to Pr.45 RS-485 serial communication interface Power Supply (+10 V)

Analog voltage/current freq. 0 to +10 V (Max. Output Frequency) Input or command 4 to 20mA (Max. Output Frequency) Input Analog frequency/current meter Multi-function auxiliary input Multi-function input 1 Multi-function input 2 Multi-function input 3 Multi-function input 4 Multi-function input 5 Refer to Pr.38 to Pr.42 0 to +10 V (Max. output Frequency) Output

Note: Use twisted-shielded, twisted-pair or shielded-lead wires for the control signal wiring. It is recommended to run all signal wiring in a separate steel conduit. The shield wire should only be connected at the drive. Do not connect shield wire on both ends.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation

CH 2-8 Wiring Notes: 1.


!

CAUTION: Do not connect the AC input to any of the U, V, W terminals, as it will damage

the AC drive.
!

2.

WARNING: Ensure all screws are tightened to the proper torque rating.

3. During installation, follow all local electrical, construction, and safety codes for the country the drive is to be installed in. 4. Ensure that the appropriate protective devices (circuit breaker or fuses) are connected between the power supply and AC drive. 5. Make sure that the leads are connected correctly and the AC drive is properly grounded. (Ground resistance should not exceed 100 . For 460V-class AC drive, the ground resistance should not exceed 10 .) 6. Use ground leads that comply with AWG/MCM standards and keep them as short as possible. 7. Multiple VFD-M units can be installed in one location. All the units should be grounded directly to a common ground terminal. The VFD-M ground terminals may also be connected in parallel, as shown in the figure below. Ensure there are no ground loops.

Forward running

8. When the AC drive output terminals U, V, and W are connected to the motor terminals U, V, and W, respectively, the motor will rotate counterclockwise (as viewed from the shaft ends of the motor) when a forward operation command is received. To reverse the direction of motor rotation, switch any of the two motor leads. 9. Make sure that the power source is capable of supplying the correct voltage and required current to the AC drive.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation

10. Do not attach or remove wiring when power is applied to the AC drive. 11. Do not monitor the signals on the circuit board while the AC drive is in operation. 12. For the single-phase applications, the AC input line can be connected to any two of the three input terminals R, S, T. Note: This drive is not intended for the use with single-phase motors. 13. Route the wires of Power Terminals and Control Terminals separately, or 90angle to each other. 14. If a filter is required for reducing EMI (Electro Magnetic Interference), install it as close as possible to AC drive. EMI can also be reduced by lowering the Carrier Frequency. 15. If the AC drive is installed in the place where load reactor is needed, install the filter close to U.V.W. side of AC drive. Do not use a Capacitor or L-C Filter (Inductance-Capacitance) or R-C Filter (Resistance-Capacitance). 16. When using a GFCI (Ground Fault Circuit Interrupt), select current sensor with not less than 200mA, with not less than 0.1-second detection to avoid nuisance tripping

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

10

Chapter 2 Storage and Installation CH 2-9 Motor Operation Precautions: 1. When using the AC drive to operate a standard 3-phase induction motor, notice that the energy loss is greater than an inverter duty motor. 2. While using the standard induction motor at low speed, due to the cooling fan running at low speed, the temperature of the motor may rise, so do not operate the motor at low speed for a long period of time. 3. When the standard motor operates at low speed, the motor output torque will decrease, please decrease the load during the operation. 4. If 100% output torque were desired at low speed operation, it may be necessary to use a special motor that can handle this load (inverter duty).

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

11

Chapter 3 Digital Keypad Operation

Chapter 3 Digital Keypad Operation


CH 3-1 Description of Digital Keypad: This digital keypad includes two parts: Display panel and keypad. Display panel provides the parameter display and shows operation status of the AC drive. Keypad provides programming interface between users and AC drives

DIGITAL KEYPAD

Program / Function mode Key Selects normal mode / program mode. Displays the AC drive status, such as output freq., selects the parameters, FWD/REV or output current. etc. Enter Key. Press ENTER after key in the selected parameters or change data. Potentiometer for Freq. Setting Could be the Main Freq. Input by setting Pr.-00.

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

LED Display Indicates frequency, motor parameter setting value and alarm contents. LED indication Lamp lights during RUN, STOP, FWD & REV operation. Run key Starts AC drive operation. STOP/RESET Key Stops and resets the parameter after faults occurs UP and DOWN key Sets the parameter number or changes the numerical data such as the freq. reference.

ENTER

50

VFD-M
0 100

FREQ SET LC-M02E

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

12

Chapter 3 Digital Keypad Operation

Function / Program
MODE

By pressing the mode key repetitively displays the AC drive status such as the reference frequency, output frequency, and output current. Enter

ENTER

Pressing the ENTER key will store entered data or can show factory stored data. Run

RUN

Start the AC drive operation. This key has no effect when the drive is controlled by the External Control Terminals. Stop / Reset

STOP RESET

Used to stop AC drive operation. If the drive has stopped due to a fault, clear the fault first, then press this key to reset the drive. Up / Down Press the Up or Down keys momentarily to change parameter settings. These keys may also be used to scroll through different operating values or parameters. Pressing the Up or Down key momentarily, will change the parameter settings in single-unit increments. To quickly run through the range of settings, press down and hold the key.

CH 3-2 Explanation of the LED Indicators: LED Displays


RUN STOP FWD REV

Green lamp lights during REV operation. Green lamp lights during FWD operation. Red lamp lights by pressing STOP. Green lamp lights by pressing RUN.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

13

Chapter 3 Digital Keypad Operation

CH 3-3 Explanations of Display Messages: Displayed Message Descriptions Displays the AC drives output frequency. Displays the Actual Operation Frequency present at terminals U, V, and W. Displays the custom unit (v), where v = H x Pr.-65. Displays the custom unit (r), where r = H x Pr.-65. Displays the custom unit (L), where L = H x Pr.-65. Displays the custom unit (%), where % = H x Pr.-65. Displays the counter value (c). Displays the output current present at terminals U, V, and W Displays the internal PLC process step currently being performed. Displays the specified parameter. Displays the actual value stored within the specified parameter. Displays AC drive forward run status. Displays AC drive reverse run status. Displays end for approximately 1 second if input has been accepted. After a parameter value has been set, the new value is automatically stored in memory. To modify an entry, use the and keys.

Displays Err, if the input is invalid.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

14

Chapter 3 Digital Keypad Operation

CH 3-4 Explanation of Digital Keypad LC-M02E Step by Step: The meaning of messages for the LED indicators of RUN and STOP is shown as below. & The parameter value setting indication
Indication after power on
DIGITAL KEYPAD

Parameter value setting monitor


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Output frequency
DIGITAL KEYPAD

Output current
DIGITAL KEYPAD

FWD/REV monitor
DIGITAL KEYPAD

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
MODE

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

MODE

Press
MODE ENTER

RUN STOP RESET

Press
MODE

MODE

RUN

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
ENTER STOP RESET MODE ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

Key
50 50

Key
50

Key
50

Key
50

VFD-M
0 100 0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

Press

MODE

Key

Displays the freq. setting monitor.

& Parameter value setting


Indication after power on
DIGITAL KEYPAD

Parameter value setting monitor


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Parameter value is d01


DIGITAL KEYPAD

The setting is completed


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Parameter setting monitor


DIGITAL KEYPAD

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP FWD

REV

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
MODE

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
MODE

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
MODE

MODE

RUN

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
ENTER STOP RESET MODE ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

Key
50 50

Key
50

Key
50

Key
50

VFD-M
0 100 0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

Press key to select the parameter number

Press key to select the parameter value

"End": The new value has

been automatically stored in the internal memory. "Err" Entered value is illeagled :

Displays the parameter number automatically

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

15

Chapter 3 Digital Keypad Operation & To change frequency, proceed as follows: Note: The Pr.00 has to be set to d00 in order to operate via digital keypad.
Freq. value setting monitor
DIGITAL KEYPAD

Freq set at 59.9 Hz


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Decreasing freq value to 0.0 Hz


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Increasing freq value to 60.0 Hz


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Frequency setting monitor


DIGITAL KEYPAD

RUN

STOP FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP FWD

REV

RUN

STOP

FWD

REV

RUN

STOP FWD

REV

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press Key

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press Key

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press Key Still

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

50

50

50

50

50

VFD-M
0 100 0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

Press key to select the motor operating frequency

The value will be decreased with 3.5 Hz/sec, if press key still

The value will be increased with 3.5 Hz/sec, if press key still

The Freq value can be entered in stop or operating mode

& To change the different indication mode as follows:


Forward operation monitor
DIGITAL KEYPAD

Indication after power on


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Operating at 60.0 Hz
DIGITAL KEYPAD

Output Freq monitor


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Output Current monitor


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Press
MODE
RUN STOP FWD REV RUN STOP FWD REV RUN STOP FWD REV RUN STOP FWD REV RUN STOP FWD REV

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
RUN

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

ENTER

ENTER

Key
50 50

Key twice and wait for about 10 sec

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
MODE

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

50

Key Still

50

50

VFD-M
0 100 0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
FREQ SET

FREQ SET STOP FWD

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

RUN

FWD

Lighten

Lighten

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

16

Chapter 3 Digital Keypad Operation

Change FWD or REV operation


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Change to reserve operation


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Frequency setting
DIGITAL KEYPAD

AC drive decelerates the motor accroding to the time set


DIGITAL KEYPAD

Stop Mode
DIGITAL KEYPAD

RUN STOP FWD REV

RUN STOP FWD REV

RUN STOP FWD REV


MODE RUN STOP RESET

RUN STOP FWD REV

RUN STOP FWD REV


MODE RUN STOP RESET

Press or

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

Press
RUN

MODE

RUN

Press
ENTER STOP RESET ENTER MODE

Press
STOP RESET

MODE

RUN STOP RESET

ENTER

ENTER

ENTER

Key
50 50

Key

50

Key

50

50

Key
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
0 100

VFD-M
FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

FREQ SET

RUN FWD

REV

Lighten Glisten

STOP RUN

REV

Lighten Glisten

STOP

REV

Lighten

& Correct the fault messages.


Displayed Fault message o.H. DIGITAL KEYPAD Display Frequency setting after fault is corrected DIGITAL KEYPAD

RUN STOP FWD REV

RUN STOP

FWD

REV

MODE
ENTER

RUN Press STOP STOP RESET RESET Key

MODE ENTER 50

RUN STOP RESET

50

100 0 FREQ SET

VFD-M

0 100 FREQ SET

VFD-M

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

17

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Chapter 4 Descriptions of Parameters


This chapter will explain all parameters in detail. They are divided into ten-parameter group to categorize parameter settings more clearly and effectively.

Pr.00 Source of Frequency Command Settings d00 d01 d02 d03

Factory Setting: 00

Master Frequency determined by digital keypad (LC-M02E). Master Frequency determined by analog signal of 0Vdc to +10Vdc. Master Frequency determined by analog signal of DC 4 mA to 20 mA. Master frequency input determined by RS-485

& This parameter sets the Frequency Command Source of the AC drive. If the Frequency Command Source is external (DC 0 to +10V or 4 to 20mA), please make sure the AVI terminal jumper is in the proper position as shown below. & Position of jumper: open the top cover. It is at the lower-left corner of the panel. The jumper J1 determines the type of external analog input, either DC voltage signal or current signal. & J6: This parameter is used to select the DC voltage signal or DC current signal for master frequency control. Jumper is used.

J5 J6 J7

J5: J6 - J7:

Determined performing through Potentiometer of digital control panel or AVI external terminals. Determined input signal with DC voltage signal or DC current signal.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

18

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pinhead Terminal Diagram


J5 Keyboard Potentiometer effective 1 2 3 1 2 3 J5 External terminal AVI effective

1
J6 Analog voltage signal selection 1 2 3 J7 J6

2
J7 1 2 3 Analog current signal selection

Pr.01 Source of Operation Command

Factory Setting: d00

Settings d00 Operating instructions determined by the Digital Keypad. d01 Operating instructions determined by the External Control Terminals. Keypad STOP key is effective. d02 Operating instructions determined by the External Control Terminals. Keypad STOP key is not effective. d03 Operating instructions determined by the RS-485 communication interface. Keypad STOP key effective. d04 Operating instructions determined by the RS-485 communication interface. Keypad STOP key effective. & Refer to Pr.38 to Pr.42 for more details.

Pr.02 Stop Method Settings d00 d01 & Ramp stop Coast stop

Factory Setting: d00

This parameter determines how the motor is stopped when the AC drive receives a valid stop command.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

19

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

1. Ramp: The AC drive decelerates the motor to Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.08) and then stops according to the deceleration time set in Pr.11 or Pr.13. 2. Coast: The AC drive stops output instantly upon command, and the motor free runs until it comes to a complete stop.

Hz Frequency Motor Speed time Operation Command decel time OFF Stops according to deceleration time

Hz Frequency Motor Speed Free running to stop

time ? ON OFF

ON

Ramp

Coast

Note: The motor stop method is usually determined by the characteristics of the motor load and frequency of stops.

Pr.03 Maximum Output Frequency Settings & d 50.0 to d 400 Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d60

This parameter determines the AC drives Maximum Output Frequency. All the AC drive analog inputs (0 to +10V, 4 to 20mA) are scaled to correspond to the output frequency range.

Pr.04 Maximum Voltage Frequency (Base Frequency) Settings d 10.0 to d 400Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d60

&

This value should be set according to rated frequency of the motor as indicated on the motor nameplate. Maximum Voltage Frequency determines the volts per hertz ratio.

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20

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

For example, if the drive is rated for 460 VAC output and the Maximum Voltage Frequency is set to 60Hz, the drive will maintain a constant ratio of 7.66 v/Hz. The setting value must equal to or greater than the Mid-Point Frequency (Pr.06).

Pr.05 Maximum Output Voltage (Vmax) Settings d 2.0 to d 255V* Unit: 0.1V*

Factory Setting: d220*

*Twice value for 460V class & This parameter determines the Maximum Output Voltage of the AC drive. The Maximum Output Voltage setting must be smaller than or equal to the rated voltage of the motor as indicated on the motor nameplate. The setting value must equal to or greater than the Mid-Point Voltage (Pr.07).

Pr.06 Mid-Point Frequency Settings d 1.0 to d 400Hz & Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d1.0

The parameter sets the Mid-Point Frequency of V/F curve. With this setting, the V/F ratio between Minimum Frequency and Mid-Point frequency can be determined. This parameter must be equal to or greater than Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.08) and equal to or less than Maximum Voltage Frequency (Pr.04).

Pr.07 Mid-Point Voltage Settings d 2.0 to d 255V* *Twice value for 460V class & Unit: 0.1V*

Factory Setting: d12.0*

The parameter sets the Mid-Point Voltage of any V/F curve. With this setting, the V/F ratio between Minimum Frequency and Mid-Point Frequency can be determined. This parameter must be equal to or greater than Minimum Output Voltage (Pr.09) and equal to or less than Maximum Output Voltage (Pr.05).

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21

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.08 Minimum Output Frequency Settings & d 0.1 to d 20.0Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d1.5

The parameter sets the Minimum Output Frequency of the AC drive. This parameter must be equal to or less than Mid-Point Frequency (Pr.06).

Pr.09 Minimum Output Voltage Settings d 2.0 to d 50V & Unit: 0.1V

Factory Setting: d10

This parameter Minimum Output Voltage of the AC drive. This parameter must be equal to or less than Mid-Point Voltage (Pr.07).

Voltage
Pr.05

Pr.07 Pr.09

Pr.06 Pr.08

Pr.03 Pr.04

Frequency

Standard V/F Curve

Voltage
Pr.05 Pr.07

Voltage
Pr.05

Pr.07 Pr.09 Pr.09 Pr.08 Pr.06 Pr.04 Pr.03

Frequency

Pr.08

Pr.06

Pr.04

Pr.03

Frequency

Custom V/F Curve


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Fan/Pump V/F Curve

22

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Commonly used V/F Setting (1) General Purpose


Factory Settings Motor Spec. 60Hz V 220 No. Pr.03 Pr.04 Pr.05 Pr.06 Pr.07 10 1.5 60.0 f Pr.08 Pr.09 Set value 60.0 60.0 220.0 1.5 10.0 1.5 10.0 10 1.5 50.0 f Motor Spec. 50Hz V 220 No. Pr.03 Pr.04 Pr.05 Pr.06 Pr.07 Pr.08 Pr.09 Set value 50.0 50.0 220.0 1.3 12.0 1.3 12.0

(2) Fans and Pumps


Motor Spec. 60Hz V 220 No. Pr.03 Pr.04 Pr.05 Pr.06 Pr.07 Pr.08 Pr.09 Set value 60.0 60.0 220.0 30 50.0 1.5 10.0 Motor Spec. 50Hz V 220 No. Pr.03 Pr.04 Pr.05 Pr.06 Pr.07 Pr.08 Pr.09 Set value 50.0 50.0 220.0 25.0 50.0 1.3 10.0

50 10 1.5 30 60.0 f

50 10 1.3 25 50.0 f

(3) High Starting Torque


Motor Spec. 60Hz V 220 23 18 1.5 3 60.0 f No. Pr.03 Pr.04 Pr.05 Pr.06 Pr.07 Pr.08 Pr.09 Set value 60.0 60.0 220.0 3.0 23.0 1.5 18.0 23 14 1.3 2.2 Motor Spec. 50Hz V 220 No. Set value 50.0 50.0 220.0 2.2 23.0 1.3 14.0

Pr.03 Pr.04 Pr.05 Pr.06 Pr.07 Pr.08 50.0 f Pr.09

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23

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.10 Acceleration Time 1 Pr.11 Deceleration Time 1 Pr.12 Acceleration Time 2 Pr.13 Deceleration Time 2 Settings d 0.1 to d 600Sec Unit: 0.1Sec These parameters can be set during operation. &

Factory Setting: d10 Factory Setting: d10 Factory Setting: d10 Factory Setting: d10

Pr.10, This parameter is used to determine the time required for the AC drive to ramp from 0 Hz to its Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.03). The rate is linear unless S-Curve is Enabled.

&

Pr.11. This parameter is used to determine the time required for the AC drive to decelerate from the Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.03) down to 0 Hz. The rate is linear unless S-Curve is Enabled.

&

The accel/decel time 2 determines the time for the AC drive to accel/decel from 0Hz to Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.03) accel/decel time, is the default. A Multi-Function Input terminals must be programmed to select accel/decel time 2 and the terminals must be closed to select accel/decel time 2. See Pr.38 to Pr.42.

&

In the diagram shown below, the accel/decel time of the AC drive is time between 0 Hz to Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.03). Suppose the Maximum Output Frequency is 60 Hz, start-up frequency (Pr.08) is 1.0 Hz, and accel/decel time is 10 seconds. The actual time for the AC drive to accelerate from start-up to 60 Hz is 9.83 seconds and the deceleration time is also 9.83 seconds. Frequency Maximum Output Frequency
Pr. 03

Accel Time
Pr. 10

Decel Time
Pr.12 Pr. 11

Time

or

or

Pr. 13

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24

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.14 Acceleration/Deceleration S-Curve Settings & d0 to d7 Unit: None

Factory Setting: d0

This parameter is used whenever the motor and load need to be decelerated more smoothly than that during acceleration. The S-Curve may be set from d0 to d7 to select the desired acceleration/deceleration S-Curve. If the default value of Pr.111 (d0) is unchanged, then Pr.14 sets both acceleration and Deceleration S-Curve. If Pr.111 is set to any value other than d0, then Pr.14 will set the acceleration S-Curve and Pr.111 will set the deceleration S-Curve.

Frequency

Time S-curve characteristics Time S-curve characteristics Time Pr.14 = d00 "S curve Disabled" Time Accel Time 1 or 2 Decel Time 1 or 2

Pr.15 Jog Accel / Decel Time Settings d0.1 to d600 Sec

Factory Setting: d1.0 Sec Unit: 0.1 Sec

This parameter can be set during the operation

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25

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.16 Jog Frequency Settings d0.1 to d400. Hz This parameter can be set during operation.

Factory Setting: d6.0 Hz Unit: 0.1 Hz

Frequency Jog Frequency


Pr. 16

Accel Time
Pr. 15

Decel Time
Pr. 15

Time

Jog Operation Command

ON

OFF

Pr.17 1st Step Speed Frequency Pr.18 2nd Step Speed Frequency Pr.19 3rd Step Speed Frequency Pr.20 4th Step Speed Frequency Pr.21 5th Step Speed Frequency Pr.22 6th Step Speed Frequency Pr.23 7th Step Speed Frequency Settings d0.1 to d400 Hz These parameters can be set during operation.

Factory Setting: d0.0 Hz Factory Setting: d0.0 Hz Factory Setting: d0.0 Hz Factory Setting: d0.0 Hz Factory Setting: d0.0 Hz Factory Setting: d0.0 Hz Factory Setting: d0.0 Hz Unit: 0.1 Hz

& The Multi-Function Input Terminals (refer to Pr.38 to Pr.42) are used to select one of the AC drive Multi-Step speeds. The speeds (frequencies) are determined by Pr.17 to Pr.23 shown above. & Multi-step speed Pr.17 to Pr.23 in conjunction with Pr.78, Pr.79, Pr.81 to Pr.87 provide multi-step motion control.

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26

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.24 Reverse Operation Inhibition Settings d 0 enable REV operation d1 & disable REV operation

Factory Setting: d0 Unit: None

The parameter determines whether the AC Motor Drive can operate in the reverse direction.

Pr.25 Over Voltage Stall Prevention Settings d0 Disable Over-Voltage Stall Prevention d1 & Enable Over-Voltage Stall Prevention

Factory Setting: d1 Unit: None

During deceleration, the motor DC bus voltage may exceed its Maximum Allowable Value due to motor regeneration. When this function is enabled, the AC drive will stop decelerating. Maintaining a constant output frequency when it happens. The AC drive will only resume deceleration when the voltage drops below preset value.

Note: With moderate inertial load, the over-voltage deceleration wont happen when stop, and it will satisfy the setting deceleration time. The AC drive will automatically extend the deceleration time with high inertial loads. If deceleration time is critical for the application, then dynamic braking resistor should be used.
DC bus voltage over-voltage detection level

output frequenccy

time

time Over-voltage Stall Prevention

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27

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.26 Over-Current Stall Prevention during Acceleration Settings d 50 to d 200% & & Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d170%

A setting of 100% is equal to the Rated Output Current of the drive. During acceleration, the AC drive output current may increase abruptly to exceed the value specified by Pr.26 due to rapid acceleration or excessive load on the motor. When this function is enabled, the AC drive will stop accelerating and maintaining a constant output frequency. The AC drive will only resume acceleration when the current drops below the maximum value.

Pr.27 Over-Current Stall Prevention during Operation Settings & d 50 to d 200% Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d170%

During the steady-state operation with motor load rapidly increasing, the AC drive output current may exceed the limit specified in Pr.27. When this occurred, the output frequency will decrease to maintain a constant motor speed. The drive will accelerate to the steady-state output frequency only when the output current drops below the level specified by Pr.27.

output current over-current detection level Pr. 26

output current over-current detection level Pr. 27 time time

output frequency

output freq

time Over-current Stall Prevention during Acceleration

time Over-current Stall Prevention during Operation

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28

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.28 DC Braking Current Level Settings d 0 d100% & Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d0%

This parameter determines the level of DC Braking Current. Level output to the motor during start-up and stopping. When setting DC Braking Current, the Maximum Output Current (Pr.05) is regarded as 100%. It is recommended to start with a low DC Braking Current Level and then increase until proper holding torque has been attained.

Pr.29 DC Braking Time during Start-up Settings & d 0.0 to d 5.0 Sec Unit: 0.1Sec

Factory Setting: d0.0

This parameter determines the duration of time that the DC Braking Current will be applied to the motor during the AC drive start-up. DC Braking will be applied for the time set in this parameter until the Minimum Frequency is reached during acceleration.

Pr.30 DC Braking Time during Stopping Settings & d 0.0 to d 25.0Sec Unit: 0.1Sec

Factory Setting: d0.0

This parameter determines the duration of time that the DC braking voltage will be applied to the motor during stopping. If stopping with DC Braking is desired, then Pr.02 must be set to RAMP stop (d 0).

Pr.31 Start-Point for DC Braking Settings & d 0 to d 60Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d0.0

This parameter determines the frequency when DC Braking will begin during deceleration.

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29

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Master Frequency Min. Output Frequency Pr.30 Pr.08 Pr.29 Operation Command ON OFF Pr.29 time Start-Point for DC braking

DC Braking Voltage % Pr.28

Note: 1.

DC Braking during Start-up is used for loads that may move before AC drive starts, such as fans and pumps. These loads may also be moving in the wrong direction. Under such circumstances, DC Braking can be executed to hold the load in position before applying a forward motion.

2. DC Braking during stopping is used to decrease stopping time and also to hold a stopped load in position. For high inertial loads, a dynamic braking resistor may be needed for quick decelerations.

Pr.32 Momentary Power Loss Operation Selection Settings d 0 Operation stop after momentary power loss

Factory Setting: d0.0

d 1 Operation continue after momentary power loss speed search start with the Master Frequency reference value d 2 Operation continue after momentary power loss Speed search start with the min frequency

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30

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.33 Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time Settings d 0.3 to d 5.0Sec

Factory Setting: d2.0 Sec Unit: 0.1Sec

& During a power loss, if the power loss time is less than the time defined by this parameter, the AC drive will resume operation. If the Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time is exceeded, the AC drive output is then turned off.

Pr.34 Base-Block Time for Speed Search Settings & d 0.3 to d 5.0Sec

Factory Setting: d0.5 Sec Unit: 0.1Sec

When a momentary power loss is detected, the AC drive turns off for a specified time interval determined by Pr.34 before resuming operation. This time interval is called Base-Block. This parameter should be set to a value where the residual output voltage is nearly zero, before the drive resumes operation.

&

This parameter also determines the searching time when performing external BaseBlock and Fault Reset (Pr.72).

Pr.35 Maximum Speed Search Current Level Settings & d 30 to d 200 Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d150%

Following a power failure, the AC drive will start its speed search operation, only if the output current is greater than the value determined by Pr.35. When the output current is less than that of Pr.35, the AC drive output frequency is at a speed synchronization point. The drive will start to accelerate or decelerate back to the operating frequency at which it was running prior to the power failure.

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31

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Allowable Max. Power Loss Time input power Pr.33 speed synchronization detection

Allowable Max. Power Loss Time Pr.33

output frequency

Pr.32

=d 1

Pr.32

=d2

speed search starts with the Master Frequency

Speed Search starts with Minimum Output Frequency B.B. time Pr.34

output voltage

B.B. time Pr.34

Speed Search

Pr.36 Upper Bound of Output Frequency Settings & d 0.1Hz to d400Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d400

This parameter must be equal to or greater than the Lower Bound of Output Frequency (Pr.38). The Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.03) is regarded as 400 Hz.

Pr.37 Lower Bound of Output Frequency Settings & & d0Hz to d400Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d0 Hz

The Upper/Lower Bound is to prevent operation error and machine damage. If the Upper Bound of Output Frequency is 50Hz and the Maximum Output Frequency is 60Hz, the Maximum Output Frequency will be limited to 50Hz. If the Lower Bound of Output Frequency is 10Hz, and the Minimum Output Frequency (Pr.08 is set at 1.0Hz, then any Command Frequency between 1-10Hz will generate a 10Hz output from the drive. This parameter must be equal to or less than the Upper Bound of Output Frequency (Pr.36).

&

&

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32

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Output frequency Pr.36

Pr.37 Input frequency

Pr.38 Multi-function Input Terminal (M0, M1) Pr.39 Multi-function Input Terminal (M2) Pr.40 Multi-function Input Terminal (M3) Pr.41 Multi-function Input Terminal (M4) Pr.42 Multi-function Input Terminal (M5) Settings d 3 to d 20 Unit: None

Factory Setting: d1 Factory Setting: d5 Factory Setting: d6 Factory Setting: d7 Factory Setting: d8

Parameters & Functions table: Value d0 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 d8 d9 Function M0: FWD / STOP M1: REV / STOP M0: RUN / STOP M1: FWD / REV 3-Wire Operation Control mode (M0,M1,M2) External Fault ( Normally Open ) External Fault ( Normally Closed ) External Reset Multi-Step Speed Command 1 Multi-Step Speed Command 2 Multi-Step Speed Command 3 Jog operation Value d11 d12 d13 d14 d15 d16 d17 d18 d19 d20 Function First or Second Accel/Decel Time Selection External Base Block (N.O.) (Normally Open Contact Input) External Base Block (N.C.) (Normally Close Contact Input) Increase Master Frequency Decrease Master Frequency Run PLC Program Pause PLC Program Counter Trigger Signal Counter Reset Parameter Disable

d10 Accel/Decel Speed Inhibit

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33

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Explanations: d0 Two wire operation: Restricted to Pr.38 and external terminals M0, M1.

FWD/STOP

M0 "Open" : Stop; "Close" : FWD Run


REV/STOP

M1 "Open" : Stop; "Close" : REV Run


GND VFD-M

d1: Two wire operation: Restrict to Pr. 38 and external terminals M0, M1.
RUN/STOP M0 "Open" : Stop; "Close" : Run M1 "Open" : FWD; "Close" : REV GND

REV/FWD

VFD-M

Note: Multi-function Input Terminal M0 does not have its own parameter designation. M0 must be used in conjunction with M1 to operate two and three wire control.

d2 Three Wire Control: Restricted to Pr.38 control terminals M0, M1, M2.

STOP RUN

M0 Run command, Runs when "Close" M2 Stop command, stops when "Open" M1 REV/FWD Run select "Open" : FWD Run "Close" : REV Run GND

REV/FWD

VFD-M

Note: When value d2 is selected for Pr.38, this will over ride any value entered in Pr.39, since Pr.39 must be used for three wire control as shown above.

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34

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

d3, d4 External Faults: Parameter values d3, d4 programs Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) to be External Fault (E.F.) inputs.
E.F.(N.O) SETTING BY d3 E.F(N.C) SETTING BY d4 Mx " Close": Operation available Mx "Open": Operation available GND VFD-M

Note: When an External Fault input signal is received, the AC drive will stop all output and display E.F. on Digital Keypad, the motor will free run. Normal operation can resume after the External Fault is cleared and the AC drive is reset.

d5 External Reset: Parameter value d5 programs a Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) to be an External Reset.
RESET Setting By d5 Mx "Close": Operation available

GND

VFD-M

Note: the External Reset has the same function as the Reset key on the Digital keypad. After external fault such as O.H., O.C. and O.V. are clear, this input can be used to reset the drive.

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35

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

d6, d7, d8 Multi-Step Speed Command: Parameter values d6, d7, d8 programs any three of the following Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) for Multi-step Speed Command function.

d6 Multi-step 1 d7 Multi-step 2 d8 Multi-step 3


Mx "Close": Operation available GND VFD-M Mx "Close": Operation available Mx "Close": Operation available

Note: These three inputs select the multi-step speeds defined by Pr.17 to Pr.23 as shown in the following diagram. Pr.78 to Pr.87 can also control output speed by programming the AC drives internal PLC function.

Pr.17 Pr.18 Pr.19 Pr.20

STEP 1 Freq STEP 2 STEP 3 STEP 4

step 1 step 2

step 5 step 6 step 4 step 3 step 7

Pr.21 STEP 5 Pr.22 STEP 6 Pr.23 STEP 7 Master Freq

Time Mx1-GND Mx2-GND Mx3-GND Operation Command ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON ON OFF

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36

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

d9 Jog Operation Control: Parameter value d10 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) for Jog control.

d9 Jog operation Command

Mx "Close": Operation available

GND

VFD-M

Note: Jog operation programmed by d9 can only be initiated while the motor is stopped. (Refer to Pr.15, Pr.16.)

d10 Accel/Decel Speed Inhibit: Parameter value d11 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) for Accel/Decel Inhibit. When the command is received, acceleration and deceleration is stopped and the AC drive maintains a constant speed.
Freqency Master Freqency Accel inhibit Decel inhibit Actual Operation Freq. Accel inhibit Actual Operation Freqency Time Mx-GND Operation Command ON ON ON ON ON OFF Decel inhibit

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37

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

d11 First or Second Accel/Decel Time Selection: Parameter value d12 programs a Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) to control selection of First or Second Accel/Decel time. (Refer to Pr.10 to Pr.13.)

Mx set to d11

Mx "Close": 2nd Accel/Decel "Open": 1st Accel/Decel GND

VFD-M

Frequency Master Frequency Pr.10


1st Accel/ Decel Pr.11 Pr.12 2nd Accel/ Decel Pr.13 Pr.10 1st Accel Pr.13 2nd Decel

Time ON

Mx-GND Operation Command ON

ON ON ON

OFF

d12, d13 External Base Block: Parameter values d12, d13 program Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) for external Base Block control. Value d12 is for normally open (N.O.) input, and value d13 is for a normally closed (N.C.) input.

B.B.(N.O.) Mx "Close": Operation available Setting by d12 B.B(N.C.) Setting by d13 GND VFD-M Mx "Open": Operation available

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38

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Note: When a Base-Block signal is received, the AC drive will stop all output and the motor will free run. When base block control is deactivated, the AC drive will start its speed search function and synchronize with the motor speed, and then accelerate to Master Frequency.
Allowable maximum Power Loss Time EXTERNAL BASE-BLOCK SIGNAL OUTPUT FREQUENCY OUTPUT VOLTAGE Capacitor Discharge Pr.33 Speed synchronization detection Pr.32 = d1 Speed search starts with the frequency reference value L.u.

Pr.34 Min. Base Block time

L.u.

Speed search operation

d14, d15 Increase/Decrease Master Frequency: Parameter values d14, d15 program the Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) to incrementally increase/ decrease the Master Frequency each time an input is received.
UP Setting by d14 DOWN Setting by d15

Mx "Close":Freq. will increase by one unit Mx "Close":Freq. will decrease by one unit GND VFD-M

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39

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

d16, d17 PLC Function Control: Parameter value d16 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) to enable the AC drive internal PLC program. Parameter value d17 programs an input terminal to pause the PLC program.

PLC operation Mx "Close": Run PLC Setting by d16 Mx "Close":Pause PLC Setting by d17 GND VFD-M

Note: Pr.17 to Pr.23, Pr.78, Pr.81 to Pr.87 define the PLC program.

d18 Counter Trigger: Parameter value d18 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) to increase the AC drives internal counter. When an input is received, the counter is increased by 1.
Trigger d 18 Counter trigger signal input. Mx Counter value increase by 1 when closed.

GND

VFD-M

Note: The Counter Trigger input can be connected to an external Pulse Signal Generator to count a processing step or unit of material. See the diagram below.

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40

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters Indication Value (Pr.64=d1) Counter Trigger signal Multi-function input terminal

2ms

2ms Signal output with Pr.97 (Pr.97=d3) counter value is attained. (Pr.45/46) The trigger timing can't be less than 2ms. (<250Hz)

Signal output with Pr.96 (Pr.96=d5) counter value is attained. (Pr45/46)

d19 Counter Reset: Parameter value d20 programs Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) to reset the counter.
Reset Counter Mx "Close": Reset Counter d20 Reset the counter value GND VFD-M

d20 Parameter Disable: Enter value (d0) to disable any Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 (Pr.38), M2 (Pr.39), M3 (Pr.40), M4 (Pr.41) or M5 (Pr.42) Note: The purpose of this function is to provide isolation for unused Multi-Function Input Terminals. Any unused terminals should be programmed to d0 to insure they have no effect on drive operation.

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41

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.43 Analog Output Signal Settings d 0 Analog frequency meter d1 &

Factory Setting: d0 0 to Maximum Output Frequency

Analog current meter 0 to 250% of the rated AC drive current

This parameter selects either Output Frequency or current to be displayed using the 0 to10V AFM output.

Pr.44 Analog Output Gain Settings d 1 to d 200% Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d100

This parameter can be set during operation. & The parameter sets the voltage range of analog output signal (frequency or current), on output terminal AFM.
AFM GND

AFM

GND

Analog Frequency Meter

Analog Current Meter

The analog output voltage is directly proportional to the output frequency of the AC drive. With the factory setting of 100%, the Maximum Output Frequency (Pr.03) of the AC drive corresponds to +10VDC analog voltage output. (The actual voltage is about +10VDC, and can be adjusted by Pr.44) The analog output voltage is directly proportional to the output current of the AC drive. With the factory setting of 100%, the 2.5 times rated current of the AC drive corresponds to +10 VDC analog voltage output. (The actual voltage is about +10 VDC, and can be adjusted by Pr.44) Note: Any type of voltmeter can be used. If the meter reads full scale at a voltage less than 10 volts, then Pr.44 should be set by the following formula: Pr.44 = ((meter full scale voltage)/10)100% For Example: When using the meter with full scale of 5 volts, adjust Pr.44 to 50%
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42

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.45 Multi-function Output Terminal 1 (Photocoupler output) Pr.46 Multi-function Output Terminal 2 (Relay output) Settings d 0 to d 14 Unit: None

Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d7

Function Table List: Setting d0 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 d6 d7 Function AC Drive Operational Maximum Output Frequency Attained Zero speed Over-Torque detection Base-Block (B.B.) Indication Low-Voltage Indication AC Drive Operation Mode Fault Indication setting d8 d9 d10 d11 d12 d13 d14 Function Desired Frequency Attained PLC Program Running PLC Program Step Completed PLC Program Completed PLC Operation Paused Terminal Count Value Attained Preliminary Counter Value Attained

& d0

Function Explanations: AC drive operational: the terminal will be activated when there is an output from the drive.

d1

Maximum Output Frequency Attained: the terminal will be activated when the AC drive attains Maximum Output Frequency.

d2

Zero speed: the output will be activated when Command Frequency is lower than the Minimum Output Frequency.

d3

Over-Torque Detection: the output will be activated as long as the over-torque is detected. Pr.6-04 determines the Over-Torque detection level.

d4

Base-Block (B.B.) Indication: the output will be activated when the output of the AC drive is shut off by external Baseblock.

d5 d6

Low Voltage Indication: the output will be activated when low voltage is detected. AC Drive Operation Mode: the output will be activated when the operation of the AC drive is controlled by External Control Terminals.

d7

Fault Indication: the output will be activated when faults occur (oc, ov, oH, oL, oL1, EF, cF3, HPF, ocA, ocd, ocn, GF).

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43

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

d8

Desired Frequency Attained: the output will be activated when the desired frequency (Pr.47) is attained.

d9

PLC Program Running: the output will be activated when the PLC program is running.

d10 PLC Program Step Completed: the output will be activated for 0.5 sec. when each multi-step speed is attained. d11 PLC Program completed: the output will be activated for 0.5 sec. when the PLC program cycle has completed. d12 PLC Program Operation Paused: the output will be activated when PLC operation is paused. d13 Terminal Count Value Attained: counter reaches Terminal Count Value. d14 Preliminary Count Value Attained: counter reaches Preliminary Count Value.

AC/DC Power Source


Multi-Function indication output terminals. RA RB RC Faults indication.

BZ
Power indication.

AC 250V 2A DC 30V 2A
Multi-Function PHC output terminals.

LT

MO1

LT
Pre-set freq. attained

Plus terminal Power 48VDC 50mA Minus terminal

PHC 48VDC 50mA

MCM

Multi-Function Terminals wiring example

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44

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.47 Desired Frequency Attained Settings & d 1.0 to d 400 Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d0Hz

If a Multi-function output terminal is set to function as Desired Frequency Attained (Pr.45 or 46=d9), then the output will be activated when the programmed frequency is attained.
Frequency Maximum Output Frequency Desired Frrequency Pr.47

Detective range 2Hz

Detection range 4Hz Detection range -2Hz

Detection range Time

Preset Freqency Attained indication Pr.45 & Pr.46 Desired Frequency Attained indication Pr.45 & Pr.46

ON

OFF

ON

OFF

Desired Frequency Attained & Preset Frequency Attained

Pr.48 Potentiometer Bias Frequency Settings d 0.0 to d 350Hz Unit: 0.1Hz

Factory Setting: d0 Hz

This parameter can be set during the operation.

Pr.49 Potentiometer Bias Polarity Settings d0 positive bias d1 negative bias

Factory Setting: d0

This parameter can be set during the operation.

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Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.50 Potentiometer Frequency Gain Settings d 1 to d 200 Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d100

This parameter can be set during the operation.

Pr.51 Potentiometer Reverse Motion Enable Settings d0 Forward motion only d1 &

Factory Setting: d0

Reverse motion enable (must be negative bias)

Pr.48 to Pr.51 are used when the source of frequency command is the analog signal (0 to +10V DC or 4 to 20mA DC . Refer to the following examples. Example 1: The following is the most common method. Set Pr.00 to d1 (0 to +10V signal), d2 (4 to 20mA current signal), or d3 (keypad potentiometer).

Maximum Output frequency 60Hz Pr.03

Factory Settings Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=0Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=0 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=100%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=0--Pot. FWD motion only

30

0 Hz 0V

60 10V

0Hz 0V 4mA 5V 12mA 10V 20mA

Potentiometer Scale

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46

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 2: In this example with the potentiometer set to 0V the Output Frequency is 10 Hz. The midpoint of the potentiometer becomes 40 Hz. Once the Maximum Output Frequency is reached any further increase of the potentiometer will not increase output frequency.

Maximum Output Frequency 60Hz Pr.03

Factory Settings Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=10Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=0 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=100%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=0--Pot. FWD motion only

40

10Hz Bias Adjustment 0Hz 0V 4mA

0 0V

Hz

60 10V

5V 12mA

10V 20mA

Potentiometer Scale

Example 3: The example also shows the popular method. The whole scale of the potentiometer can be used as desired. In addition to signals of 0 to 10V and 4 to 20mA, the popular voltage signals also include signals of 0 to 5V, 20 to 4mA or that under 10V. Regarding the setting, please refer to the following examples.
Maximum Output Frequency 60Hz Pr.03 Factory Settings Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=10Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=0 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=83%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=0--Pot. Rev. Motion Enable Calculation of Gain (1- Pr.48 Pr.50= Pr.03 35

Bias Adjustment

10Hz 0Hz 0V 4mA

10V 20mA

)x100%

10 Hz 0V

60 10V

Potentiometer Scale

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47

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 4: This example shows a potentiometer range of 0 to 5 Volts.

Maximum 60Hz output Frequency Pr.03 30Hz

Gain Adjustment

Factory Settings Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=0Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=0 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=200%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=0--Pot. Rev. Motion Enable Calculation of Gain 10V Pr.50= ( )x100% 5V 0 0V 30

Hz

0Hz 0V 5V

60 5V

Potentiometer Scale

Example 5: In this example a 1-volt negative bias is used. In a noise environment, it is advantageous to use negative bias to provide a noise margin (1V in this example).

Maximum Output 60Hz Frequency 54Hz Pr.03 0Hz Negative Bias 6 Hz 0V 1V

Factory Settings Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=6Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=1 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=100%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=0--Pot. Rev. Motion Disable 10V

24

It's 0Hz within 0 this range. 0V

Hz

54 10V

Potentiometer Scale

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48

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 6: In this example, a negative bias is used to provide a noise margin. Also a potentiometer frequency gain is used to allow the Maximum Output Frequency to be reached.

Maximum Output Frequency 60Hz Pr.03

Bias Factory Settings Adjustment Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=6Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=1 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=110%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=0--Pot. Rev. Motion Disable 1V 10V Calculation of Gain Pr.50= ( 1+Pr.48 )x100% Pr.03 It's 0Hz within this range.

27

0 Hz 0V 60 10V

0Hz Negative Bias 6 Hz 0V

Potentiometer Scale

Example 7: In this example, the potentiometer is programmed to run a motor is both forward and reverse direction. A motor will be idle when the potentiometer position is at mid-point of its scale. Using Pr.51 will disable the external FWD and REV controls.

Maximum Ootput Frequency Pr.03

60Hz FWD

Factory Settings 0 Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=30Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=1 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=200%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=1--Pot. Rev. Motion Enable 10V REV. FWD.

30Hz 0Hz 5V

0V

60 0V

Hz

60 10V

Potentiometer Scale

30Hz REV 60Hz

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49

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 8: In this example, the option of anti-slope is shown. Anti-slope is used in an application where control of pressure, temperature, or flow is needed. Under a high pressure or flow situation, a sensor will generate a large signal such as 20 mA or 10V. With anti-slope enable, the large signal will slow or stop the AC drive

Maximum Output Frequency 60Hz Pr.03 anti-slope

Factory Settings Pr.03=60Hz--Maximum Output Freq. Pr.48=60Hz--Potentiometer Bias Freq. Pr.49=1 --- Bias Polarity Pr.50=100%-- Pot. Freq. Gain Pr.51=1--Pot. Rev. Motion Enable 10V 20mA

30

0Hz 0V 4mA

60 0V 4mA

Hz

0 10V 20mA

Potentiometer Scale

Pr.52 Motor Rated Current Settings d 30 to d 120 This parameter can be set during operation. & Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d100%

This parameter limits the output current to the motor. calculate the percentage entered in this parameter.

Use the following method to

Pr.52 = (

Motor Rated Current AC drive Rated Output Current

)*100

Pr.53 Motor No-Load Current Settings d 0 to d 99 This parameter can be set during operation. & Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d40

The rated current of the AC drive is regarded as 100%. Motor setting of no-load current will effect the slip compensation. The setting value must be less than motor rated current setting Pr.52.

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50

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.54 Torque Compensation Settings d 0 to d 10 This parameter can be set during operation. &

Factory Setting: d02

This parameter may be set so that the AC drive will increase its voltage output during start-up to obtain a higher initial starting torque.

Pr.55 Slip Compensation Settings d 0.0 to d 10.0 This parameter can be set during operation. &

Factory Setting: d0

While driving an asynchronous motor, load on the AC drive will increase, causing an increase in slip. This parameter may be used to compensate the nominal slip within a range of 0 to 10. When the output current of the AC drive is greater than the motor noload current (Pr.53), the AC drive will adjust its output frequency according to this parameter.

Pr.56 Specific Output Display Settings d 0 Display Actual Motor Operation Current d 1 Display DC Bus Voltage &

Factory Setting: d0

Displayed DC Bus voltage can be used to be the basis of input voltage, and is read-only.

Pr.57 AC Drive Rated Current Display Settings None & Unit: None

Factory Setting: d##.#

This parameter shows the rated current of AC drive. detailed information.

Please check with Pr.80 for

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51

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.58 Electronic Thermal Overload Relay Selection Settings d 0 d1 d2 & Reduce Torque Motor

Factory Setting: d02

Constant Torque Motor Inactive

This function is used to limit the output power of the AC drive when powering a selfcooled motor at low speed.

Pr.59 Electronic Thermal Characteristic Settings d 30 to d 300Sec Unit: 1 Sec

Factory Setting: d60

This parameter can be set during operation. & The parameter determines the time required activating the I2t electronic thermal protection function. The graph below shows I2t curves for 150% output power for 1 minute.

Operation time (min)

5 4 3 2 1 0 20 40 60 80 100 120 140 160 180 200 Load factor (%) 60Hz or more 50Hz 10Hz 5Hz

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52

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.60 Over-Torque Detection Mode Settings d0 d1 Over-Torque detection disabled.

Factory Setting: d0

Over-Torque detection enabled during constant speed operation (OL2), and operation halted after Over-Torque Detection. Over-Torque detection enabled during constant speed operation, and operation continues after Over-Torque Detection. Over-Torque Detection enabled during operation, operation halted after Over-Torque Detection. and

d2

d3 d4

Over-Torque detection enabled during acceleration, and operation continues after Over-Torque Detection.

Pr.61 Over-Torque Detection Level Settings & & d 30 to d 200% Unit: 1%

Factory Setting: d150

A setting of proportional to the Rated Output Current of the drive. This parameter sets the Over-Torque Detection level in 1% increments. (The AC drive rated current is defined to be 100%.)

Pr.62 Over-Torque Detection Time Settings & d 0.1 to d 10Sec

Factory Setting: d0.1Sec Unit: 0.1 Sec

This parameter sets the Over-Torque Detection Time in units of 0.1 seconds.

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Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.63 Reserved Pr.64 User Defined Function for Display Settings d00 Displays AC drive output frequency (Hz) d01 Displays the user-defined setting (v, meter/sec where v = H ) d02 Displays the user-defined setting (r):(R.P.M.) d03 Displays the user-defined setting (L):(Length) d04 Displays the user-defined setting ( ):(%) d05 Displays the value of the internal counter (C) d06 Displays the setting Frequency (F) d07 Displays the parameter setting (P) d08 Reserved d09 Displays the motor operating current (A) d10 Displays Fwd./Rev. mode & The parameter can be set to display the user-defined value. (where v = H Pr.65 ) Factory Setting: d0

Pr.65 Coefficient K Settings: d0 to d160 Unit: 0.1

Factory Setting: d160

This parameter can be set during operation. & & The coefficient K determines the multiplying factor for the user-defined unit. The display value is calculated as follows: Display value = output frequency K & The display window is only capable of showing three digits, yet you could use Pr.0-05 to create larger numbers. The display windows uses decimal points to signify numbers up to five digits as illustrated in the next page:

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54

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Display 999 99.9

Number Represented The absence of a decimal point indicates a three digit integer. A signal decimal point between the middle and the right-most numbers is a true decimal point; it separates ones and tenths as in 30.5 (thirty and onehalf). A single decimal point after the fight-most numbers is not a true decimal point; instead it indicates that a zero follows the right-most number. For example, the number 1230 would be display as 123. Two decimal points (one between the middle and the right-most numbers, and one after the right-most number) are not true decimal points; instead they indicate that two zeros follow the right-most number. For example, the number 34500 would be display as 34.5..

999.

99.9.

Pr.66 Reserved Pr.67 Skip Frequency 1 Pr.68 Skip Frequency 2 Pr.69 Skip Frequency 3 Settings: & d0 to d 400 Hz Unit: 0.1 Hz Factory Setting: d0 Hz Factory Setting: d0 Hz Factory Setting: d0 Hz

This parameter determines the three Skip Frequencies that in conjunction with Pr.70, Skip Frequency Band, will cause the AC motor drives to skip operation at each frequency band. Note: Pr.67 > Pr.68 > Pr.69.

Pr.70 Skip Frequency Band Settings: & d0 to d 20 Hz Unit: 0.1 Hz

Factory Setting: d0 Hz

This parameter determines the frequency band for a given Skip Frequency. Half of the Skip Frequency Band is above the Skip Frequency and the other half is below. Programming this parameter to 0.1 disables all skip frequencies.

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55

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Output frequency Pr.67 Pr.68 Pr.69 0 Decelerating Skip frequency set point Speed command frequency Pr.70 Frequency to be jumped Accelerating Adjustable range

Pr.71 PWM Carrier Frequency Settings d 01 fc= 1KHz d 02 fc= 2KHz d 03 fc= 3KHz d 04 fc= 4KHz d 05 fc= 5KHz to d 18 fc= 18KHz The parameter can set the carrier frequency of PWM output. Electromagnetic Noise, Leakage Current Minimal

Factory Setting: d15

Carrier Frequency 1KHz

Acoustic Noise Significant

Heat Dissipation Minimal

18KHz

Minimal

Significant

Significant

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56

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

& From the above table, we see that the carrier frequency of PWM output has a significant influence on the electromagnetic noise, heat dissipation of the AC drive, and the acoustic noise to the motor

Pr.72 Auto Restart After Fault Settings & d 0 to d 10 Unit: None

Factory Setting: d0

After fault occurs (allowable faults: over-current OC, over-voltage OV

, the AC drive

can be reset/restarted automatically up to 10 times. Setting this parameter to 0 will disable the reset/restart operation after any fault has occurred. When enabled, the AC drive will restart with speed search, which starts at the Master Frequency. To set the fault recovery time after a fault, please see (Pr.34) Baseblock Time for speed search.

Pr.73 Present Fault Record Pr.74 Second Most Recent Fault Record Pr.75 Third most recent fault record Settings d00 d01 d02 d03 d04 d05 d06 d07 d08 d09 d10 d11 d12 d13 d14 d15

Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0

(no fault occurred ) Over-current (oc) Over-voltage (ov) Overheat (oH) Overload (oL) Overload 1 (oL1) External Fault (EF) CPU failure 1 (CF1) CPU failure 3 (CF3) Hardware Protection Failure (HPF) Over-current during acceleration (OCA) Over-current during deceleration (OCd) Over-current during steady state operation (OCn) Ground fault or fuse failure (GFF) Reserved Reserved

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57

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

d16 d17 d18 d19 d20

CPU Failure (CF2) External Base-Block (bb) Overload 2 (oL2) Auto Adjustable accel/decel failure (cFA) Software protection code (codE)

Pr.76 Parameter Lock and Configuration Settings d00 d01 d02 to d09 d10

Factory Setting: d0

All parameters can always be set and read All parameters are read-only Not used Resets all parameters to the factory defaults

& This parameter allows the user to return all parameter to factory settings.

Pr.77 Special Function Parameter Settings d 0 Special function parameter d2 Turn on function of parameter Pr.112

Factory Setting: d0

Pr.78 PLC Operation Mode Settings d 0 Disable PLC operation d1 d2 d3 d4 & Execute one program cycle Continuously execute program cycles Execute one program cycle step by step

Factory Setting: d0

Continuously execute program cycles step by step

This parameter selects the mode of PLC operation for the AC drive. The PLC program can be used in lieu of any External Controls, Relays or Switches. The AC drive will change speeds and directions according to the users desired programming.

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58

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 1 (Pr.78 = d1): Execute one cycle of the PLC program. Its relative parameter settings are: 1 Pr.17 to Pr.23: 1st to 7th step speed sets the frequency of each step speed 2 Pr.38 to Pr.42: Multi-Function Input Terminals set one multi-function terminal as d16PLC auto-operation . 3 Pr.45 to Pr.46: Multi-Function Output Terminals set a Multi-Function Terminal as d09-

PLC operation indication, d10-one cycle in PLC auto mode or d11-PLC operation fulfillment attainment . 4 Pr.78: PLC mode. 5 Pr.79: Direction of operation for Master Frequency and 1st to 7th step speed. 6 Pr.81 to Pr.87: operation time setting of Master Frequency and 1st to 7th step speeds. Example 1 (Pr.78 = d01) Execute one cycle through the PLC program:
Freqency 60Hz 50Hz 40Hz 30Hz 20Hz 15Hz 10Hz 0Hz P81 Program operation command. Program operation indication. Step operation indication. Program operation completed indication. P82 P83 P84 P85 P86 P87 P18 P23 P17 Time P19 P20 P21 Master Freqency= 10 Hz P17=10Hz P42=d16 P81=1.0 P18=20Hz P45=d09 P82=1.2 P19=40Hz P46=d10 P83=1.5 P20=60Hz P78=d01 P84=1.5 P21=50Hz P79=d00 P85=0.8 P22=30Hz P86=1.7 P23=15Hz P87=1.7 P22

Master Freqency

Note: The above diagram shows one complete PLC circle. To restart the cycle, turn the PLC program off and then back on.

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59

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 2 (Pr.78 = d02) Continuously executes program cycles: The diagram below shows the PLC program stepping through each speed and then automatically starting again. To stop the PLC program, one must either pause then program or turn it off. (Refer to Pr.38 to Pr.42 value d17 and d18)

Freq.
60Hz 50Hz 40Hz 30Hz 20Hz 15Hz 10Hz 0Hz P81 Step operation indication. Program operation completed indication. P82 P83 P84 P85 P86 P87 P81 P82 P17 P18 P23 P17 P19 P20 P21 P17=10Hz P42=d16 P18=20Hz P45=d09 P19=40Hz P46=d10 P20=60Hz P78=d02 P21=50Hz P79=d00 P22=30Hz P23=15Hz P22 P81=1.0 P82=1.2 P83=1.5 P84=1.5 P85=0.8 P86=1.7 P87=1.7
Note: Operation time is 10-times by setting value.

P18

Time

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60

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 3 (Pr.78 = d03) Execute one cycle step by step: The example shows how the PLC can perform one cycle at a time, within a complete cycle. Each step will use the accel/decel times in Pr.10 to Pr.13. It should be noticed that the time each step spends at its intended frequency is diminished, due to the time spent during accel/decel.

Freq.
60Hz 50Hz 40Hz 30Hz 20Hz 15Hz 10Hz 0Hz P81 t P82 Step operation indication Program operation complete indication. t P83 t P84 t P85 t P86 t P87 P17 P18 P23 P19 P22 P20 P21 P17=10Hz P42=d16 P18=20Hz P45=d09 P19=40Hz P46=d10 P20=60Hz P78=d03 P21=50Hz P79=d00 P22=30Hz P23=15Hz P81=1.0 P82=1.2 P83=1.5 P84=1.5 P85=0.8 P86=1.7 P87=1.7
Note: Operation time is 10-times by setting value.

Time

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61

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 4 (Pr.78 = d04) Continuously executes program cycles step by step: In this explanation, the PLC program runs continuously step by step. examples of steps in the reserve direction. Also shown are

Freq.
60Hz 50Hz 40Hz P19 P20 P21 P42=d16 P17=10Hz P45=d09 P18=20Hz P46=d10 P19=40Hz P78=d04 P20=60Hz P79=d34 P21=50Hz P22=30Hz P23=15Hz P81=1.0 P82=1.2 P83=1.5 P84=1.5 P85=0.8 P86=1.7 P87=1.7
Note: Operation time is 10-times by setting value.

Fwd.
15Hz 10Hz 0Hz P81 t P23 P17 P82 t P83 t P84 t P85 t P86 t P87 t P81 P17

Time

Rev.
20Hz P18 30Hz P22

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62

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Example 5 (Pr.78 = d01) Execute one cycle through the PLC program: In this example, the PLC program runs continuously. It should be noted that the times of reserve motion may be shorter than expected, due to the accel/decel time.

Freq.
60Hz 50Hz 40Hz P19 P20 P21 P17=10Hz P42=d16 P18=20Hz P45=d09 P19=40Hz P46=d10 P78=d01 P20=60Hz P79=d34 P21=50Hz P22=30Hz P23=15Hz P81=1.0 P82=1.2 P83=1.5 P84=1.5 P85=0.8 P86=1.7 P87=1.7
Note: The operation time is 10-times by setting value.

Fwd.
P87 15Hz 10Hz P17 0Hz P81 P84 P85 Time P82 P23

Rev.
P18 20Hz 30Hz P83 P22 P86

Please cautioned the timing setting with P82BP83BP86BP87.

Application Note: Changing the value of Jog parameters 15 and 16 will interrupt PLC program execution. PLC program execution will not be interrupted when and other parameter values are changed.

Pr.79 PLC Forward/Reverse Motion Settings d0 to d127 &

Factory Setting: d0

This parameter controls the direction of motion for the multi-speed Pr.17 to Pr.23 and the Master Frequency. The original direction of Master Frequency will become invalid.

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63

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Note: The equivalent 8-bit number is used to program the forward/reverse motion for each of the 8 speed steps (including Master Frequency). The binary notation for the 8-bit number must be translated into decimal notation and then be entered.
26 25 24 23 22 21 20 bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0= Fwd. 1= Rev. Forward motion of Pr.17 multi-speed1. Reverse motion of Pr.18 multi-speed2. Forward motion of Pr.19 multi-speed3. Forward motion of Pr.20 multi-speed4. Reverse motion of Pr.21 multi-speed5. Reverse motion of Pr.22 multi-speed6. Forward motion of Pr.23 multi-speed7.

Setting example Weights 27 26 25 24 23 22 21 20 bit 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 direction 0 1 0 0 0 1 0 0 0= FWD 1= REV Direction of Master Frequency during PLC = FWD Direction of 1st step speed = FWD Direction of 2nd step speed = REV Direction of 3rd step speed = FWD Direction of 4th step speed = FWD Direction of 5th step speed = FWD Direction of 6th step speed = REV Direction of 7th step speed = FWD

The setting value=bit7 x 27+bit6 x 26+bit5 x 25+bit4 x 24+bit3 x 23+bit2 x 22+bit1 x 21+bit0 x 20 = 0 x 27+1 x 26+0 x 25+0 x 24+0 x 23+1 x 22+0 x 21+0 x 20 = 0+64+0+0+0+4+0+0 = 68

Setting Pr.79 as d68.

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64

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.80 Manufacturer Model Information Settings

Factory Setting: d##

d00: VFD004M23A/21A,21B (230V 3-Phase/1-Phase 0.5Hp ) d01: VFD004M43A (460V 3-Phase/ 0.5Hp )

d02: VFD007M23A/21A,21B (230V 3-Phase/1-Phase 1.0Hp ) d03: VFD007M43A (460V 3-Phase/ 1.0Hp )

d04: VFD015M23A/21A,21B (230V 3-Phase/1-Phase 2.0Hp ) d05: VFD015M43A (460V 3-Phase/ 2.0Hp )

d06: VFD022M23A/21A,21B (230V 3-Phase/1-Phase 3.0Hp ) d07: VFD022M43B d08: VFD037M23B d09: VFD037M23B d10: VFD055M23B d11 : VFD055M43B (460V 3-Phase/3.0Hp ) (230V 3-Phase/5.0Hp ) (460V 3-Phase/5.0Hp ) (230V 3-Phase/7.5Hp ) (460V 3-Phase/7.5Hp )

& This parameter contains information on the drive: model number. (This parameter is read only.) & Pr.80 and Pr.57 relationship: 230V 3/1 0.5HP 2.5A 230V 3/1 1.0HP 5.0A 230V 3/1 2.0HP 7.0A 230V 3 230V 3 230V 3 3.0HP 10.0A 5.0HP 17.0A 7.5HP 25.0A 460V 3 1.0HP 460V 3 2.0HP 460V 3 3.0HP 460V 3 5.0HP 460V 3 7.5HP 3.0A 4.0A 5.0A 8.2A 13.0A

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Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.81 Time Duration of Master Frequency Pr.82 Time Duration of 1st Step Speed Pr.83 Time Duration of 2nd Step Speed Pr.84 Time Duration of 3rd Step Speed Pr.85 Time Duration of 4th Step Speed Pr.86 Time Duration of 5th Step Speed Pr.87 Time Duration of 6th Step Speed Settings & d 0 to d 650 Unit: 10 Sec

Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0 Factory Setting: d0

Pr.81 to Pr.87 correspond to operation time of each Multi-step speed defined by Pr.17 to Pr.23. The maximum value of these parameters is 650 sec., and its displayed as d 65.

Note: If a parameter is set to d0 (0 Sec), the corresponding step will be skipped. This is commonly used to reduce number of program steps.

Pr.88 Communication Address Settings d 1 to 254 This parameter can be set during operation. &

Factory Setting: d1

If the AC drive is controlled by RS-485 serial communication, the communication address must be set via this parameter.

RS-485

Computer d1 d2 d3

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Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.89 Transmission Speed Settings d0 Baud rate 4800 d1 Baud rate 9600

Factory Setting: d1 data transmission speed : bits / second data transmission speed : bits / second

d2 Baud rate 19200 data transmission speed : bits / second d3 Baud rate 38400 data transmission speed : bits / second This parameter can be set during operation. & Users can set parameters and control the operation of the AC drive via the RS-485 serial interface of a personal computer. This parameter is used to set the transmission speed between the computer and AC drive.

Pr.90 Transmission Fault Treatment Settings d 0 d1 d2 Warn and keep operating

Factory Setting: d0

Warn and stop by RAMP Warn and stop by COAST

Pr.91 Over Time Detection Settings d0 No detection d1 Over Time enable

Factory Setting: d0

Pr.92 Communication Protocol Settings d 0 d1 d2 d3 d4 d5 7,N,2

Factory Setting: d0

7,E,1 7,O,1 8,N,2 8,E,1 8,O,1

This parameter can be set during operation.

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67

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

&

1 Computer Control There is a built-in RS-485 serial interface, marked (RJ-11 Jack) on the control terminal block, for VFD Series. The pins are defined below:

2: GND 3: SG4: SG+ 5: +5V

Each VFD-M AC drive has a pre-assigned communication address specified by Pr.88. The computer then controls each AC drive according to its communication address.

VFD-M can be setup to communicate on Modbus networks using one of the following modes: ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange). Users can select the desired mode along with the serial port communication protocol in Pr.92.

Code Meaning: ASCII mode: Each 8-bit data is the combination of two ASCII characters. For example, a 1-byte data: 64 Hex, shown as 64 in ASCII, consists of 6 (36Hex) and 4 (34Hex).

&

2 Data Format 2.1 10-bit character frame For 7-bit character v Start bit 7 , N , 2 : Pr.92=0 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Stop Stop bit bit :

7-bit character 10-bit character frame

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Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

v Start bit

7 , E , 1 : Pr.92=1 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Even Stop parity bit

7-bit character 10-bit character frame

v Start bit

7 , O , 1 : Pr.92=2 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 Odd Stop parity bit

7-bit character 10-bit character frame

2.2 11-bit character frame (For 8-bit character v 8 , N , 2 : Pr.92=3 Start bit 0 1 2 3 4 5

Stop Stop bit bit

8-bit character 11-bit character frame

v Start bit

8 , E , 1 : Pr.92=4 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Eve Stop n parity bit

8-bit character 11-bit character frame

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69

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

v Start bit

8 , O , 1 : Pr.92=5 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Odd Stop parity bit

8-bit character 11-bit character frame

& 3 Communication Protocol 3.1 Communication Data Frame:


STX 02H ADR ADR CMD CMD 1 0 1 0 Address CMD 0 1 ...... N-1 N ETX 03H CHK CHK 1 0 Check Sum

Data characters

3.2 ASCII mode: STX ADR 1 ADR 0 CMD 1 CMD 0 DATA 0 DATA 1 DATA (n-1) . N EXT LRC CHK 1 LRC CHK 0 Start character: (02H) Communication address: 8-bit address consists of 2 ASCII codes

Contents of data: n8-bit data consist of 2n ASCII codes. n<=25 maximum of 50 ASCII codes End characters: ASCII= 03 Hex LRC check sum: 8-bit check sum consists of 2 ASCII codes

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70

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

3.3 ADR (1,0) 00: Broadcast to all AC drives 01: To AC drive at Address 01 0F: To AC drive at Address 0F 10: To AC drive at Address 10 Maximum is 254, at Address FE ARD1=30Hex, ARD0=30Hex ARD1=30Hex, ARD0=31Hex ARD1=30Hex, ARD0=46Hex ARD1=31Hex, ARD0=30Hex

3.4 CMD (1,0) CMD0: 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 A B C D E F CMD1: Bit 0=0 Bit 0=1 Bit 2=1

30Hex: Stop 31Hex: FWD + RUN 32Hex: REV + RUN 33Hex: JOG + FWD + RUN 34Hex: JOG + REV + RUN 35Hex: E.F.ON ( External Fault) 36Hex: Reset 37Hex: Write Parameter 38Hex: Read Parameter 39Hex: Read Inverter Status 41Hex: Reserved 42Hex: Reserved 43Hex: Reserved 44Hex: Reserved 45Hex: Reserved 46Hex: Reserved

No Mirror Telegram Mirror Telegram When Bit 2=1, means CEXX; clear with RESET command

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71

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

3.5 Data characters Giving the data format according to the request of communication interface. For example, reading address 01 as Pr.04 of AC drive. 0 & 4 are the data format

STX 02H

ADR 1 30H 0

ADR CMD CMD 0 1 0 31H 30H 38H 1 0 8

......

N-1

30H , 34H 0 , 4

ETX CHK 1 03H 33H 3

CHK 0 30H 0

3.6 Chk (1,0) Check Sum is calculated by summing up ADR to ET. For Example, reading address 01 as Pr.04 of AC drive. STX 02H ADR 1 30H 0 ADR CMD CMD 0 1 0 31H 30H 38H 1 0 8 0 1 ... N-1 N ETX CHK 1 33H 03H 3 CHK 0 30H 0

30H , 34H 0 , 4

30H+31H+30H+38H+30H+34H+03H=130H

&

4 AC drive responding mode:

4.1 When CMD1 is Mirror Telegram, AC drive will respond to the original command. 4.2 When CMD0 is Read Parameter, AC drive will response. STX(02H)+ADR(1,0)+CMD(1,0)+8 Data Characters+EXT+CHK(1,0) 8 Data Characters: 2 ASCll characters as parameter. 2 ASCll characters as parameter number. 4 ASCll characters as parameter setting value.

4.3 When CMD0 is Read Inverter Status, AC drive will response. STX(02H)+ADR(1,0)+CMD(1,0)+34 Data Characters+EXT+CHK(1,0)

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72

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

34 Data Characters: 2 ASCll characters as Error Code 2 ASCll characters as LED 4 ASCll characters as frequency command (FXX.XX) 4 ASCll characters as output frequency (HXX.XX) 4 ASCll characters as output current (AXX.XX) 4 ASCll characters as DC-BUS voltage 4 ASCll characters as output voltage 2 ASCll characters as multi-step speed 4 ASCll characters as operational time 4 ASCll characters as counter value &

5 AC drive communication error: The AC drive receives the messages, but detect a communication error, thus no response is returned. But there will be an error message CExx displayed on the keypad. The master device will eventually process a time out condition. The xx of CExx is a decimal code, the meaning of error message is followed:

Error message bit 0 bit 1 bit 2 bit 3 bit 4

Meaning IC 75176 or CPU communication port damaged Data out of range (check whether the input data are out of range) Character Frame Error (check whether the Baud rates comply with data frame) Check Sum Error (make sure the Check Sum is correct) Transmission Time Out Transmission Bus Error (The time interval between commands is too short. Please keep an interval of 10 ms at least after the return of a command. If there is no command returned, also keep an interval of 10 ms at least for the same reason. Reserved Reserved

bit 5

bit 6 bit 7

Pr.93 Reserved Pr.94 Reserved


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73

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.95 Auto energy-saving Setting d00: Without energy-saving operation d01: With energy-saving operation
Output voltage 100% 70%

Factory Setting: d00

During the auto energy-saving operation, it will adjust the output voltage according to the output power. The maximum output voltage can be 30% lower of the normal output voltage. Output voltage Frequency Base

Pr.96 Count Down Completion Settings & d00 to d999

Factory Setting: d00

This parameter defines the terminal count value for the VFD-M internal counter. The counter can be incremented by a low-to-high transition on a selected Multi-Function Input Terminal: M1 or M2. Upon completion of the count, if Pr.45 is programmed to d13, the Multi-Function Output Terminal (MO1) will be closed. If Pr.46 is programmed to d13, the Multi-Function Relay Contact RA, RB, RC will be closed.

Pr.97 Preset Count Down Completion Settings d0 to d999

Factory Setting: d00

&

This parameter sets a preliminary count value for the internal counter. The counter can be incremented by a low-to-high transition on one of the programmed Multi-Function Input Terminals: M1 or M2. The count starts at c01. When it reaches the preliminary count value and the selected Multi-Function Output Terminal will be closed (Pr.45 = d14). Preliminary Count can be used to initiate an external event before the terminal count is reached. (See Pr.38, 39, 40, 41, 42, 45,46 for further details.)
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74

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.98 Reserved Pr.99 Reserved Pr.100 &

Software Version

Factory Setting: d1.06

This parameter shows the software version of the AC motor drive, and is read-only.

Pr.101

Auto Acceleration/Deceleration Settings d1 d2 d3 d4 d0 Linear acceleration/deceleration.

Factory Setting: d0

Auto acceleration, linear deceleration. Linear acceleration, auto deceleration. Auto acceleration / deceleration Linear accel/decel stall prevention during deceleration

&

If the auto accel/decel is selected, the AC drive will accel/ decel in the fastest and smoothest means possible by automatically adjusting the time of accel/decel.

&

This parameter provides five modes to choose: d00 Linear acceleration and deceleration (operation by Pr.10, Pr.11, or Pr.12, Pr.13 acceleration/deceleration time) d01 Automatic acceleration, linear deceleration (Operation by automatic acceleration, Pr.11 or Pr.13 deceleration time). Linear acceleration and automatic deceleration (Operation by automatic deceleration time, Pr.10 or Pr.12 acceleration time).

d02

d03

Automatic acceleration, deceleration (Operation by AC drive auto adjustable control)

d04

Linear acceleration, deceleration (Operation by automatic deceleration time, Pr.11 or Pr.13 acceleration time).

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75

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Pr.102 Auto Voltage Regulation ( AVR ) Settings: d00 AVR function enable d01 AVR function disable d02 AVR function disable when stop d03 AVR function disable for deceleration &

Factory Setting: d3

AVR function automatically regulates the AC drive output voltage to the Maximum Output Voltage (Pr.03). For instance, if Pr.03 is set at 200 VAC and the input voltage is at 200V to 264VAC, then the Maximum Output Voltage will automatically be regarded to 200 VAC.

&

Without AVR function, the Maximum Output Voltage may vary between 180V to 264VAC, due to the input voltage varying between 180V to 264 VAC.

&

Selecting program value d2 enables the AVR function and also disables the AVR function during deceleration. This offers a quicker deceleration.

Pr.103-110 Reserved

Factory Setting: d0

Pr.111 Deceleration S Curve Settings & d 0 to d 7

Factory Setting: d0

This parameter can be set to obtain the slowly stop without any impact.

The

deceleration S curve will differ according to the setting value from 1-7. If there is no specific setting of this parameter, then the parameter of acceleration/ deceleration S curves is determined by Pr.14. &

When the parameter setting is d00, then Pr.14 determines the acceleration/deceleration timing. If the parameter setting is between d01 to d07, then Pr.14 is set as acceleration, and Pr.111 is deceleration.

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76

Chapter 4 Description of Parameters

Note: From the diagram shown below, the original setting accel/decel time will be for reference when the function of the S-curve is enabled. The actual accel/decel time will be determined based on the S-curve selected (d1 to d7).

Frequency

(1) (3)
(1)

(2) (4)

(2)

Time

(3) Accel/Decel characteristics (1), (2) Disabling S curve (3), (4) Enabling S curve

(4)

Pr.112 External Terminal Scanning Time Settings: d00 to d20 & Unit: none

Factory Setting: d0

This function can screen and protect external terminals when the CPU mis-operation due to the external disturbance. Factory setting of the scanning time is 2ms. For example: d01: 2ms, d02: 4ms, etc.

&

It is necessary to change the parameter P77 setting to d02, in order to change the scanning time when setting this parameter.

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77

Chapter 5 Maintenance and Inspection

Chapter 5 Maintenance and Inspections


Modern AC drives are based on solid state electronics technology, preventive maintenance is required to operate this AC drive in its optimal condition, and to ensure a long life. It is

recommended to perform a monthly check up of the AC drive by a qualified technician. Before the check up, always turn off the AC Input Power to the unit. Wait at least 2 minutes after all display lamps have gone out, and then confirm that the capacitors have fully discharged.

CH 5-1 Periodic Inspection: Basic check up items to detect if there were any abnormality during the operation. 1. Whether the motors are operating as expected. 2. Whether the installation environment is abnormal. 3. Whether the cooling system is operating as expected. 4. Whether any irregular vibration or sound occurred during the operation. 5. Whether the motors are overheated during the operation. 6. Always check the input voltage of the AC drive with Voltmeter. CH 5-2 Periodic Maintenance It is necessary to stop the motor operation during the check up. 1. Tighten and reinforce the screws of the AC drive if necessary, cause it may loose due to the vibration or changing of temperatures. 2. Whether the conductors or insulators were corroded and damaged. 3. Check the resistance of the insulation with Megaohmeter. 4. Often check and change the capacitors and relays. 5. If use of the AC drive is discontinued for a long period of time, turn the power on at least once every two years and confirm that it still functions properly. To confirm functionality, disconnect the motor and energize the AC drive for 5 hours or more before attempting to run a motor with it. 6. Clean off any dust and dirt with a vacuum cleaner. Place special emphasis on cleaning the ventilation ports and PCBs. Always keep these areas clean, as adherence of dust and dirt can cause unforeseen failures.
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Chapter 6 Troubleshooting and Fault Information

Chapter 6 Troubleshooting and Fault Information


The AC drive has a comprehensive fault diagnostic system that includes several different alarms and fault messages. Once a fault is detected, the corresponding protective functions will be activated to shut down the AC drive output. Below are the fault descriptions, for a fault shown on the AC drive digital keypad display. The three most recent faults can be read on the digital keypad display by viewing Pr.73 to Pr.75 NOTE: After faults occurred, press RESET to begin using the drive again.

Common Problems and Solutions:


Fault Name Fault Descriptions Corrective Actions 1. Check whether the motors horsepower corresponds to the AC drive output power. 2. Check the wiring connections between the AC drive and motor for possible short circuits. The AC drive detects an abnormal increase in current. 3. Increase the Acceleration time (Pr.10, Pr.12). 4. Check for possible excessive loading conditions at the motor. 5. If there are any abnormal conditions when operating the AC drive after short-circuit being removed, it should be sent back to manufacturer. 1. Check whether the input voltage falls within the rated AC drive input voltage. The AC drive detects that the DC bus voltage has exceeded its maximum allowable value. 2. Check for possible voltage transients. 3. Bus over-voltage may also be caused by motor regeneration. Either increase the decel time or add an optional braking resistor. 4. Check whether the required braking power is within the specified limits. 1. Ensure that the ambient temperature falls within the specified temperature range. The AC drive temperature sensor detects excessive heat. 2. Make sure that the ventilation holes are not obstructed. 3. Remove any foreign objects on the heatsinks and check for possible dirty heat sink fins. 4. Provide enough spacing for adequate ventilation.
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Chapter 6 Troubleshooting and Fault Information

Fault Name

Fault Descriptions The AC drive detects that the DC bus voltage has fallen below its minimum value.

Corrective Actions

Check whether the input voltage falls within the rated AC drives input voltage.

1. The AC drive detects excessive drive output 1. Check whether the motor is overloaded. current. 2. Reduce torque compensation setting as set in Pr.54. Note: The AC drive can withstand up to 150% of 3. Increase the AC drives output capacity. the rated current for a maximum of 60 seconds. 1. Check for possible motor overload. 2. Check electronic thermal overload setting. Internal electronic overload trip 3. Increase motor capacity. 4. Reduce the current level so that the drive output current does not exceed the value set by the Motor Rated Current Pr.52. 1. Reduce the motor load. 2. Adjust the over-torque detection setting to an appropriate setting. 1. Check for possible poor insulation at the output line. 2. Decrease the torque boost setting in Pr.54. 3. Increase the acceleration time. 4. Replace with the AC drive with one that has a higher output capacity (next HP size).

Motor overload. Check the parameter settings ( Pr.60 to Pr.62) Over-current during acceleration: 1. Short-circuit at motor output. 2. Torque boost too high. 3. Acceleration time too short. 4. AC drive output capacity is too small.

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Chapter 6 Troubleshooting and Fault Information

Fault Name

Fault Descriptions Over-current during deceleration:

Corrective Actions

2. Increase the deceleration time. 2. Deceleration time too 3. Replace with the AC drive with one that has a higher short. output capacity (next HP size). 3. AC drive output capacity is too small. Over-current during steady state operation: 1. Short-circuit at motor output. 2. Sudden increase in motor loading. 3. AC drive output capacity is too small. The external terminal When external terminal EF-GND is closed, the output will EF-GND goes from OFF be turned off (under N.O. E.F.). to ON. 1. Switch off power supply. Internal memory IC can not be programmed. 2. Check whether the input voltage falls within the rated AC drive input voltage. 3. Switch the AC drive back on. Internal memory IC can not be read. Drives internal circuitry abnormal. Hardware protection failure Software protection failure 1. Check the connections between the main control board and the power board. 2. Reset drive to factory defaults. 1. Switch off power supply. 2. Check whether the input voltage falls within the rated AC drive input voltage. Switch on the AC drive. Return to the factory. Return to the factory. 1. Check for possible poor insulation at the output line. 2. Check for possible motor stall. 3. Replace with the AC drive with one that has a higher output capacity (next HP size).

1. Short-circuit at motor output.

1. Check for possible poor insulation at the output line.

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Chapter 6 Troubleshooting and Fault Information

Fault Name

Fault Descriptions Auto accel/decel failure Ground fault :

Corrective Actions 1. Dont use the function of auto acceleration/ deceleration.

The AC drive output is abnormal. When the output terminal is grounded (short circuit current is 50% more than Ground fault : the AC drive rated 1. Check whether the IGBT power module is damaged. current), the AC drive 2. Check for possible poor insulation at the output line. power module may be damaged. The short circuit protection is provided for AC drive protection, not user protection. Communication Error Pleases check on Page 73 for more details External Base Block. 1. Check the connection between the AC drive and computer for loose wires. 2. Check if the communication protocol is properly set.

1. When the external input terminal (B.B) is active, the AC drive output will be turned off. AC drive output is turned off. 2. Disable this connection and the AC drive will begin to work again.

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82

Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters

Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Parameters Explanation Settings d 00: Master frequency determined by digital keypad (LC-M02E) Pr.00 Source of Frequency Command d 01: Master frequency determined by analog signal of 0 V to +10 Vdc d 02: Master frequency determined by analog signal of 4 mA to 20mA d 03: Master frequency determined by RS485 d 00: Operation determined by digital keypad d 01: Operation determined by external control terminals, keypad STOP is effective d 02: Operation determined by external control terminals, keypad STOP is ineffective d 03: Operation determined by RS-485 communication interface, keypad STOP is effective d 04: Operation determined by RS-485 communication interface, keypad STOP is ineffective d 00: Ramp stop d 01: Coast Stop d 50.0 to d 400 Hz d 00 Factory Setting

Pr.01

Source of Operation command

d 00

Pr.02 Pr.03

Stop Methods Maximum Output Frequency Maximum Voltage Frequency (Base Frequency) Maximum Output Voltage Mid-point Voltage

d 00 d 60.0

Pr.04

d 10.0 to d 400 Hz

d 60.0

Pr.05 Pr.06 Pr.07

d 2.0 to d 255 V

d 220 d 1.50 d 12.0

Mid-point Frequency d 0.1 to d 400 Hz d 2.0 to d 255 V

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting d 1.50 d 12.0 d 10.0 d 10.0 d 10.0 d 10.0 d 00 d 1.0 d 6.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 00 d 01

Parameters Pr.08 Pr.09 Pr.10 Pr.11 Pr.12 Pr.13 Pr.14 Pr.15 Pr.16 Pr.17 Pr.18 Pr.19 Pr.20 Pr.21 Pr.22 Pr.23 Pr.24 Pr.25

Explanation Minimum Output Freq d 0.1 to d 20.0 Hz Minimum Output Voltage Acceleration Time 1 Deceleration Time 1 Acceleration Time 2 Deceleration Time 2 d 2.0 to d 50.0 V d 0.1 to d 600 sec d 0.1 to d 600 sec d 0.1 to d 600 sec d 0.1 to d 600 sec

Settings

Accel/Decel S-curve d 00 to d 07 Jog accel/decel time d 0.1 to d 600 sec Jog Frequency 2nd Step Speed Freq. d 0.1 to d 400 Hz 1st Step Speed Freq. d 0.0 to d 400 Hz d 0.0 to d 400 Hz

3rd Step Speed Freq. d 0.0 to d 400 Hz 4th Step Speed Freq. d 0.0 to d 400 Hz 5th Step Speed Freq. d 0.0 to d 400 Hz 6th Step Speed Freq. d 0.0 to d 400 Hz 7th Step Speed Freq. d 0.0 to d 400 Hz Reserve Operation Inhibition Over-voltage Stall Prevention Over-current stall Prevention during Acceleration Over-current stall Prevention during operation d 00: Enable REV operation d 01: Disable REV operation d 00: Disable over-voltage stall prevention d 01: Enable over-voltage stall prevention d 50 to d 200 %

Pr.26

d 170

Pr.27

d 50 to d 200 %

d 170

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting d 00 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0

Parameters Pr.28 Pr.29 Pr.30 Pr.31

Explanation DC Braking Voltage Level DC Braking during Start-up DC Braking during Stopping Start-point for DC Braking d 00 to d 100 % d 0.0 to d 5.0 sec d 0.0 to d 25.0 sec d 0.0 to d 60.0 Hz

Settings

Pr.32

Momentary Power Loss

d 00: Stop operation after momentary power loss d 01: Continues after momentary power loss, speed search starts with Master Frequency d 02: Continues after momentary power loss, speed search starts with Minimum output Frequency d 0.3 to d 5.0 sec d 0.3 to d 5.0 sec

d 00

Pr.33 Pr.34 Pr.35 Pr.36 Pr.37 Pr.38 Pr.39 Pr.40

Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time Base-Block Time for Speed Search

d 2.0 d 0.5 d 150 d 400 d 0.0 d 00 d 05 d 06

Maximum Speed d 30 to d 200 % Search Current Level Upper Bound of Output Frequency Lower Bound of Output Frequency Multi-function Input Terminal (M1) Multi-function Input Terminal (M2) Multi-function Input Terminal(M3) d 0.1 to d 400. Hz d 0.0 to d 400. Hz d 00: FWD/STOP, REV/STOP d 01: REV/FWD, RUN/STOP d 02: 3-wire operation control mode

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting d 07

Parameters Pr.41

Explanation Multi-function Input Terminal (M4)

Settings d 03: External Fault (normally open) N.O. d 04: External Fault, (normally close) N.C. d 05: RESET d 06: Multi-Step Speed Command 1 d 07: Multi-Step Speed Command 2 d 08: Multi-Step Speed Command 3 d 09: Jog Operation d 10: Accel/Decel Speed Inhibit d 11: First or Second Accel/Decel Time

Pr.42

Multi-function Input Terminal (M5)

d 12: Base-Block (B.B.) (NO) d 13: Base-Block (B.B.) (NC) d 14: Increase Master Frequency d 15: Decrease Master Frequency d 16: Run PLC Program d 17: Pause PLC d 18: Counter Trigger Signal d 19: Counter Reset d 20: Not Used d 00: Analog Frequency Meter (0 to Maximum Output Frequency) d 01: Analog Current Meter (0 to 250% of the rated AC drive current) d 00 to d 200 %

d 08

Pr.43

Analog Output Signal

d 00

Pr.44 Pr.45

Analog Output Gain

d 100 d 00

Multi-Function Output d 00: AC Drive Operational Terminal 1 (Photocoupler output) d 01: Maximum Output Frequency Attained

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting

Parameters

Explanation d 02: Zero Speed

Settings

d 03: Over-Torque Detection d 04: Base-Block (B.B) Indication d 05: Low Voltage Indication d 06: AC Drive Operation Mode Pr.46 Multi-function Output d 07: Fault Indication Terminal 2 d 08: Desired Frequency Attained (Relay Output) d 09: PLC Program Running d 10: PLC Program Step Completed d 11: PLC Program Completed d 12: PLC Operation Paused d 13: Terminal Count Value Attained d 14: Preliminary Counter Value Attained Pr.47 Pr.48 Pr.49 Pr.50 Desired Frequency Attained Potentiometer Bias Frequency Potentiometer Bias Polarity Potentiometer Frequency Gain Potentiometer Reverse Motion Enable Motor No-Load Current Torque Compensation d 0.0 to d 400. Hz d 0.0 to d 350. Hz d 00: Positive Bias d 01: Negative Bias d 01 to d 200% d 00: Forward Motion Only d 01: Reverse Motion Enable (must be negative bias) d 00 d 100 d 40 d 02 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 00 d 100 d 07

Pr.51 Pr.52 Pr.53 Pr.54

Motor Rated Current d 30 to d 120 % d 00 to d 99 % d 00 to d 10

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting d 0.0 d 00 d ##.# d 02

Parameters Pr.55 Pr.56 Pr.57 Pr.58

Explanation Slip Compensation Specific Output Display d 0.0 to d 10.0

Settings

d 00: Display Actual Motor Operation Current d 01: Display DC BUS Voltage d 00: Reduce Torque Motor d 01: Constant Torque d 02: Inactive

AC Drive Rated Current Display Electronic Thermal Overload Relay Electronic Thermal Characteristic

Pr.59

d 30 to d 300 sec d 00: Over-Torque Detection Disable d 01: Enabled during constant speed operation and continues until the Continuous Time Limit (Pr.62) is reached.

d 60

Pr.60

Over-Torque Detection Mode

d 02: Enabled during constant speed operation and halted after detection. d 03: Enabled during acceleration and continues before Continuous Output Time Limit (Pr.62) is reached. d 04: Enabled during acceleration and halted after Over-Torque detection.

d 00

Pr.61 Pr.62 Pr.63

Over-Torque Detection Level Over-Torque Detection Time Reserved

d 30 to d 200 % d 0.1 to d 10.0 seconds

d 150 d 0.1

d 00: Display AC drive output Frequency (Hz) Pr.64 User Defined Function d 01: Display the user-defined setting (v, meter/sec) for Display d 02: Display the user-defined setting (r): R.P.M. d 06

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting

Parameters

Explanation

Settings d 03: Display the user-defined setting (L): Length d 04: Display the user-defined setting (%) d 05: Display the value of internal counter (c)

Pr.64

User Defined Function for Display

d 06: Display the setting frequency (F) d 07: Display the parameter setting (Pr.00) d 08: Reserved d 09: Display the motor operation current (A) d 10: Display FWD/REV mode

d 06

Pr.65 Pr.66 Pr.67 Pr.68 Pr.69 Pr.70 Pr.71 Pr.72 Pr.73 Pr.74

Coefficient K Reserved Skip Frequency 1 Skip Frequency 2 Skip Frequency 3 PWM Carrier Frequency

d 0.1 to d 160. d 0.0 to d 400. Hz d 0.0 to d 400. Hz d 0.0 to d 400. Hz

d 1.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 15 d 00 d 00 d 00

Skip Frequency Band d 0.1 to d 20.0 Hz d 01 to d 18: fc = 1kHz to 18kHz

Auto Restart after d 00 to d 10 Fault Present Fault Record d 00: No fault occurred Second Most Recent d 01: Over-current (oc) Fault Record d 02: Over-voltage (ov) Third Most Recent Fault Record d 03: Overheat (oH) d 04: Overload (oL) d 05: Overload 1 (oL1)

Pr.75

d 00

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting

Parameters

Explanation

Settings d 06: External Fault (EF) d 07: CPU failure 1 (CF1) d 08: CPU failure 3 (CF3) d 09: Hardware Protection Failure (HPF) d 10: Over-current during acceleration (oca) d 11: Over-current during deceleration (ocd) d 12: Over-current during steady state operation (ocn) d 13: Ground fault or fuse failure(GFF) d 14: Reserved d 15: Reserved d 16: EPROM failure (CF2) d 17: External Base-Block (bb) d 18: Overload (oL2) d 19: Auto Adjustable accel/decel failure (CFA) d 20: CPU self detection failure (codE) d 00: All parameters can always set/read d 01: All parameters are read-only d 02 to d 09: not used d 10: Resets all parameters to factory defaults d 00: Special function parameter d 02: Turn on function of Pr.112 d 00: Disable PLC operation d 01: Execute one program cycle d 02: Continuously execute program cycles d 03: Execute one program cycle step by step

Pr.75

Third Most Recent Fault Record

d 00

Pr.76

Parameter Lock and Configuration

d 00

Pr.77

Special Function

d 00

Pr.78

PLC Operation Mode

d 00

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting d0 d 00

Parameters Pr.78 Pr.79

Explanation PLC Operation Mode

Settings d 04: Continuously execute one program cycle step by step

PLC Forward/Reserve d 00 to d127 Motion d 00: VFD004M21A,21B/23A (230V 1/3 0.5HP) d 01: VFD004M43B (460V 3 0.5HP) d 02: VFD007M21A,21B/23A (230V 1/3 1.0HP) d 03: VFD007M43B (460V 3 1.0HP) Manufacturer Model Information d 04: VFD015M21A, 21B/23A (230V 1/3 2.0HP) d 05: VFD015M43B (460V 3 2.0HP) d 06: VFD022M21A/21B/23A (230V 1/3 3.0HP) d 07: VFD022M43B (460V 3 3.0HP) d 08: VFD037M23B (230V 3 5.0HP) d 09: VFD037M43B (460V 3 5.0HP) d 10: VFD055M23B (230V 3 7.5HP) d 11: VFD055M43B (460V 3 7.5HP) Time Duration of Master Frequency Time Duration of 1st Step Speed

Pr.80

d ##

Pr.81 Pr.82 Pr.83 Pr.84 Pr.85

d 0.0 to d 650 d 0.0 to d 650

d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0 d 0.0

Time Duration of 2nd d 0.0 to d 650 Step Speed Time Duration of 3rd Step Speed Time Duration of 4th Step Speed d 0.0 to d 650 d 0.0 to d 650

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting d 0.0 d 0.0 d 01

Parameters Pr.86 Pr.87 Pr.88

Explanation Time Duration of 5th Step Speed Time Duration of 6th Step Speed RS-485 Communication d 0.0 to d 650 d 0.0 to d 650 d 01 to d 254

Settings

d 00: Baud rate: 4800 (data transmission speed bit/sec) d 01: Baud rate: 9600 (data transmission speed bit/sec) d 02: Baud rate: 19200 (data transmission speed bit/sec) d 03: Baud rate: 38400 (data transmission speed bit/sec) d 00: Warn and keep operating Pr.90 Transmission Fault Treatment d 01: Warn and stop by RAMP d 02: Warn and stop by Coast Pr.91 Over time Detection d 00: No detection d 00: Over time detect d 00: 7.N,2 d 01: 7.E,1 Pr.92 Communication Protocol d 02: 7.0,1 d 03: 8.N,2 d 04: 8.E,1 d 05: 8.O,1 Pr.93-94 Pr.95 Reserved Auto Energy-Saving Operation d 00: Disable auto energy-saving function d 01: Enable auto energy-saving function d 00 d 00 d 00 d 00

Pr.89

Transmission Speed

d 01

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

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Chapter 7 Summary of Parameters


Factory Setting d 00 00

Parameters Pr.96 Pr.97 Pr.98-99 Pr.100

Explanation Counter Countdown Complete Preset counter countdown Reserved Software Version d 00 to d 999 d 00 to d 999

Settings

d 1.06 d 00: Linear Accel/Decel d 01: Auto Accel, Linear Decel

Pr.101

Auto Adjustable Accel/Decel

d 02: Linear Accel, Auto Decel d 03: Auto Accel/Decel d 04: Linear Accel/Decel Stall Prevention during Deceleration d 00: AVR function enable

d 00

Pr.102

Auto Voltage Regulation (AVR)

d 01: AVR function disable d 02: AVR function disable when stops d 03: AVR function disable when decel

d 03

Pr.103-110 Reserved Pr.111 Pr.112 S-curve in Deceleration External Terminal Scanning Time d 00 to d 07 d 00 to d 20 d 00 d 00

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

93

APPENDIX A

Standard Specifications
Voltage Class Model Number VFDM Max. Applicable Motor Output (KW ) Max. Applicable Motor Output ( HP ) Rated Output Capacity (KVA) Rated Output Current (A) Max. Output Voltage (V) Rated Frequency (Hz) Input Rating Output Rating 230V Series 460V Series 015 022 037* 055* 007 015 022 037* 055* 1.5 2.2 3.7 5.5 0.75 1.5 2.2 3.7 5.5 2.0 3.0 5.0 7.5 1.0 2.0 3.0 5.0 7.5 2.7 3.8 6.5 9.5 2.3 3.1 3.8 6.2 9.9 7.0 10 17 25 3.0 4.0 5.0 8.2 13 Proportional to input voltage 0.1 to 400 Hz 1-phase/3-phase 3-phase 3-phase Rated Voltage 180 to 264 VAC 342 to 528 VAC Frequency Tolerance 50/60 Hz 5% Rated Input Current 6.3/2.9 11.5/6.3 15.7/8.8 27/12.5 19.6 33.5 4.2 5.7 7.0 8.5 14 Control System SPWM (Sinusoidal Pulse Width Modulation) Output Frequency Resolution 0.1Hz Overload Endurance 150% of rated current for 1 minute Accel/Decel Time 0.1 to 600 seconds (Independent setting for Accel/Decel time) Torque Characteristics Including the auto-torque, auto-slip compensation; starting torque can be 150% at 5Hz V/F Pattern adjustable V/F pattern Stall Prevention Level Setting to percentage of rated current Keypad Set by or built-in potentiomenter Frequency Potentiometer-5K/0.5W, 0 to +10VDC or 0 to +5V (Input impedance 47K); RS-485 Setting External Signal interface; 4 to 20mA (Input impedance 250); multi-function input 1 to 5 steps selections Operation Keypad Set by RUN, STOP, FWD / REV Setting Signal External Signal FWD/STOP, REV/STOP (RUN/STOP, FWD/REV), 3-wire control, serial communication 004 0.4 0.5 1.0 2.5 007 0.75 1.0 1.9 5.0 Multi-Function Input Signal Multi-Function Output Indication Analog Output Signal Other Functions Multi-step selections 1 to 7, Jog, accel/decel prohibit, first/second accel/decel switch, counter, External BB(Base Block), PLC operation. Operating, Up to frequency, Desired frequency, Non-zero B.B., Abnormal indication, Local/Remote indication, PLC, Low Voltage. Analog frequency/current signal output. AVR, S-Curve, Over-Voltage, Over-Current stall prevention, Abnormal records checking, Carrier Frequency adjustable, DB, DB set out freq. setting, Momentary power loss restart, Frequency limit setting, Parameter lock/reset, Frequency input operation method selection, Reverse run inhibit, etc. Self-testing, Over-voltage, Over-current, Under-voltage, Overload, Overheating, External Fault, Electronic thermal, Ground Fault. Forced air-cooling (3HP) Altitude 1,000 m or lower, keep from corrosive gasses, liquid and dust -10 to 50 (Non-Condensing and not frozen) -10 to 40 for the models of 5.5kW -20 to 60 Below 90% RH (non-condensing) 9.80665 m/s2 (1G) less than 20Hz, 5.88m/s2 (0.6G) at 20 to 50Hz

Operatiing Characteristics

Control Characteristics

Protection Cooling Systems Installation Location Ambient Temperature Storage Temperature Ambient Humidity Vibration

Enviroment

Note: Do not attempt to connect a single-phase power source to a three-phase models drive. However it is acceptable to connect two wires of a three-phase power source to a singlephase drive. *: Under development.
1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

94

APPENDIX B

Accessories List
Name Din Rail Remote Control Box Braking Resistor (80 120W) Braking Resistor (80 200W) Braking Resistor (200 120W) Braking Resistor (200 200W) Braking Resistor (400 120W) EMI Filter EMI Core (22*14*8) EMI Core (31*19*13) EMI Core (51*31*13) EMI Core (68*44*13.5) Model DR01 RC-01 Remarks Refer to B-1 on next page. Use twisted shielded or twisted-pair shielded wire.

Refer to page 99 for detailed specifications

10TDT1W4S CTC221408A CTC311913A CTC513113A CTC684413B

Use on 0.5-2 HP, 230V, Three Phase VFD-M Models Selected by the wire diameter and # of turns Selected by the wire diameter and # of turns Suggested using in VFD-M model. Selected by the wire diameter and # of turns

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

95

APPENDIX B

B-1 VFD-M Din Rail-DR01

Units: mm (inches)

Models: VFD004M21A VFD007M21A VFD015M21A VFD004M23A VFD007M23A VFD015M23A

Screw Size: M4*12 M4*12 M4*12 M4*12 M4*12 M4*12

& To install the Din Rail Adapter uses the specified screws for different models. Refer to the above chart. & To mount the drive on a Din Rail, place the drive on the rail and push the lever toward the rail.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

96

APPENDIX B

VFD-M Din Rail-DR02

Units: mm (inches)
100.0 94.5 34.0 7.0

8.0 4.0

2.4

18.0

5.5

5.5 50.0 88.5

25.0

125.0

146.0 151.5

Unit : mm

Models: VFD004M21A VFD007M21A VFD015M21A VFD004M23A VFD007M23A VFD015M23A

Screw Size: M4*12 M4*12 M4*12 M4*12 M4*12 M4*12

& To install the Din Rail Adapter uses the specified screws for different models. Refer to the above chart. & To mount the drive on a Din Rail, place the drive on the rail and push the lever toward the rail.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

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35.5

APPENDIX B

B-2 Remote Controller RC-01


Unit: mm (inches)

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98

APPENDIX B All Braking Resistors & Braking Units Use in AC Drives Applicabl Full Braking Unit Braking Braking Resistors Minimum e Motor Load Specification Model VFDB Torque Model No of Units Resistance Torque Resistors No. of Unit 10%ED Used rates HP kW KG-M Used %
1/4 1/2 1 2 3 5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 75 100 1/4 1/2 1 2 3 5 7.5 10 15 20 25 30 40 50 60 75 100 0.2 0.4 0.75 1.5 2.2 3.7 5.5 7.5 11 15 18.5 22 30 37 45 55 75 0.2 0.4 0.75 1.5 2.2 3.7 5.5 7.5 11 15 18.5 22 30 37 45 55 75 0.110 0.216 0.427 0.849 1.262 2.080 3.111 4.148 6.186 8.248 10.281 12.338 16.497 20.6 24.745 31.11 42.7 0.110 0.216 0.427 0.849 1.262 2.080 3.111 4.148 6.186 8.248 10.281 12.338 16.497 20.6 24.745 31.11 42.7 80W 200 80W 200 80W 200 300W 100 300W 70 400W 40 500W 30 1000W 20 2400W 3000W 10 4800W 8 4800W 6.8 6000W 5 9600W 4 9600W 3.4 9600W 3.4 14400W 80W 750 80W 750 80W 750 300W 400 300W 250 400W 150 500W 100 1000W 75 1000W 50 1500W 40 4800W 32 4800W 6000W 20 9600W 16 9600W 12000W 10 19200W BR080W200 BR080W200 BR080W200 BR300W100 BR300W070 BR400W040 BR500W030 BR1K0W020 BR1K2W6P8 BR1K5W005 BR1K2W008 BR1K2W6P8 BR1K5W005 BR1K2W008 BR1K2W6P8 BR1K2W6P8 BR1K2W6P8 BR080W750 BR080W750 BR080W750 BR300W400 BR300W250 BR400W150 BR500W100 BR1K0W075 BR1K0W050 BR1K5W040 BR1K2W008 BR1K2W6P8 BR1K5W005 BR1K2W008 BR1K2W6P8 BR1K5W005 BR1K2W6P8 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2 4 4 4* 8* 8* 8* 12* 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 4 4 4 8 8 8* 16* 400 220 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 100 110 300 230 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125 125

Voltage

230V Series

80 55 35 25 16 12

2015 2015 2022 2022 2015 2015 2022 2022 2022

1 1 1 1 2 2 2 2 3

460V Series

260 190 145 95 60 45

4030 4030 4030 4030 4030 4045 4045 4030 4045

1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 2

Means the total number of braking resistors used in the braking units. For instance, in 230V series, 100 HP, AC Drive has 3 braking units with total of 12 braking resistors, so each braking unit uses 4 braking resistors.

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

99

APPENDIX B

B-3 Braking Resistors


Unit: mm (inches)

Type

MAX. WEIGHT (g) 240 240 460 460

MVR080W120 40 (1.57) 8 (0.31) 12 (0.47) MVR200W120 40(1.57) 8 (0.31) 12 (0.47) MVR080W200 60 (2.36) 15 (0.59) 15 (0.59) MVR200W200 60 (2.36) 15 (0.59) 15 (0.59)

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

100

APPENDIX B

B-3 Braking Resistors


Unit: mm (inches)

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

101

APPENDIX B

B-4 EMI Filters


The DELTA VFD-M Series 0.5-2HP, 230V, 3 AC drive uses DELTA EMI Filter. Use the table below to find the appropriate filter for your DELTA VFD-M AC drive.

Model of AC Motor Drive VFD004M21A,VFD007M21A, VFD015M21A VFD004M23A,VFD007M23A, VFD015M23A, VFD004M21B,VFD007M21B, VFD015M21B VFD004M23B, VFD007M23B, VFD015M23B,

Output Choke Model of EMI AWG Filter Part Numbers PC Turns 16TDT1W4S 10DKT1W3S 16TDT1W4S 10DKT1W3S 18 18 18 18 CTC513113B CTC513113B CTC513113B CTC513113B 2 2 2 2 10 10 10 10

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102

APPENDIX B 1. EMI Filter (10TDT1W4S) Use on 0.5-2 HP, 230V, Three Phase VFD-M Models Unit: mm (inches)

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

103

APPENDIX C

VFD-M Dimensions

Unit: mm

Models VFD004M21A VFD007M21A VFD015M21A VFD004M23A VFD007M23A VFD015M23A

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

APPENDIX C

VFD-M DIMENSIONS

Unit: mm

WARNING
D o not connect AC power to output term inals (u,v,w ) . D o not inspect component s until L E D s are turned off for at least 1 m inute.

Models VFD004M21B FVD007M21B VFD007M43B VFD015M21B VFD015M43B VFD022M23B VFD022M43B

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

APPENDIX D

No Fuse Breaker and Fuse Specification Chart


Model I(input) (A) 6.3 2.9 11.5 6.3 15.7 8.8 6.3 11.5 4.2 15.7 5.7 12.5 7.0 I(output) (A) 2.5 2.5 5.0 5.0 7.0 7.0 2.5 5.0 3.0 7.0 4.0 10.0 5.0 Line Fuse I (A) Bussmann P/N 20 JJN-20 10 JJN-10 30 JJN-30 20 JJN-20 45 JJN-45 25 JJN-25 20 JJN-20 30 JJN-30 10 JJS-10 45 JJN-45 15 JJS-15 40 JJN-40 20 JJS-20

VFD004M21A VFD004M23A VFD007M21A VFD007M23A VFD015M21A VFD015M23A VFD004M21B VFD007M21B VFD007M43B VFD015M21B VFD015M43B VFD022M23B VFD022M43B

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

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APPENDIX E

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC.

EC Declaration of Conformity According to the Low Voltage Directive 73/23/EEC and the Amendment Directive 93/68/EEC
For the following equipment: AC Motor Drive
(Product Name)

VFD004M23A, VFD007M23A, VFD015M23A


(Model Name)

is herewith confirmed to comply with the requirements set out in the Council Directive 73/23/EEC for electrical equipment used within certain voltage limits and the Amendment Directive 93/68/EEC. For the evaluation of the compliance with this Directive, the following standard was applied:
EN 50178 The following manufacturer/importer is responsible for this declaration: Delta Electronics, Inc.
(Company Name)

31-1,Shien Pan Road, Kuei San Industrial Zone, Taoyuan Shien, Taiwan, R.O.C.
(Company Address)

Person responsible for making this declaration: H.L. Pan


(Name)

Electromechanical Business Unit / Deputy Manager


(Position/Title)

(Place)

(Date)

(Legal Signature)

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

107

APPENDIX E

DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC.

EC Declaration of Conformity According to the Electromagnetic Compatibility 89/336/EEC and the Amendment Directive 93/68/EEC
For the following equipment: AC Motor Drive
(Product Name)

VFD004M23A, VFD007M23A, VFD015M23A


(Model Designation)

is herewith confirmed to comply with the requirements set out in the Council Directive 89/336/EEC for electromagnetic compatibility and the Amendment Directive 93/68/EEC. For the evaluation of the compliance with this Directive, the following standard was applied:
EN61800-3, EN50081-2, EN50082-2, EN55011, IEC1000-4-2, IEC-1000-4-3, IEC-1000-4-4, IEC-1000-4-5, IEC-1000-4-6, IEC-1000-4-8 The following manufacturer/importer is responsible for this declaration: Delta Electronics, Inc.
(Company Name)

31-1,Shien Pan Road, Kuei San Industrial Zone, Taoyuan Shien, Taiwan, R.O.C.
(Company Address)

Person responsible for marking this declaration: H.L. Pan


(Name)

Electromechanical Business Unit / Deputy Manager


(Position/Title)

(Place)

(Date)

(Legal Signature)

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

108

APPENDIX F

Warranty
DELTA warrants the product delivered in the DELTA ship package to be free from defects in material and workmanship, under normal use and service, for twenty four (24) months from date of manufacturing. Products that fail during this period will be repaired or replaced at DELTAs discretion, with the same or a functionally equivalent product, provided the original purchaser (A) returns the failed product, and (B) provides proof of original date of purchase. This warranty does not apply, in the judgment of Delta, to damage caused during shipment, handling, storage, or accidental misuse. The original purchaser of the product must obtain a Return Material Authorization (RMA) number from Delta prior to returning any defective product. (When

purchased through an Authorized Distributor, the Distributor should supply an RMA number to their customer.)

The maximum liability of this warranty is limited to the purchase price of the product. In no event, regardless of cause, shall delta be liable (a) for penalties or penalty clauses of any description, or (b) for certification not otherwise specifically provided herein and/or indemnification of purchaser or others for costs, damages or expenses, each arising out of or related to the product or services of any order or (c) for any damages resulting from loss of profits, use of products or for any incidental indirect or consequential damages, even if advised of the possibility of such damages.

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INDEX 1st Step Speed Frequency, 26 AC Drive Operation, 43 AC Drive Operation Mode, 44 Accel/Decel Speed Inhibit, 33, 37 Acceleration Time 1 (Tacc1), 24 Acceleration Time 2 (Tacc2), 24 Acceleration/Deceleration S-Curve, 25 Analog Output Gain, 42 Analog Output Signal, 42 Auto Energy-saving, 74 Auto Restart after Fault, 57 Auto-Acceleration/Deceleration, 75 Automatic Voltage Regulation (AVR), 77 Base-Block (B.B.) Indication, 43 Base-Block Time for Speed Search, 31 Communication Protocol, 67 Control Terminal Wiring, 8 Counter Reset, 33, 41 Counter Trigger, 33, 40 DC Braking Time during Start-up, 29 DC Braking Time during Stopping, 29 DC Braking Current Level, 29 Deceleration S-Curve, 77 Deceleration Time 1 (Tdec1), 24 Deceleration Time 2 (Tdec2), 24 Decrease Master Frequency, 39 Desired Frequency Attained, 44 Electronic Thermal Characteristic, 52 Electronic Thermal Overload Relay Selection, 52 EMI Filters, 102 External Base-Block, 33, 38 External Terminal Scanning Time, 77 Fault Indication, 43 First-Second Accel/Decel Time Selection, 33, 38 Increase Master Frequency, 39 Jog Accel/Decel. Time Settings, 26 Jog Frequency, 26 Lower Bound of Output Frequency, 32 Low-Voltage Indication, 43 Maximum Allowable Power Loss Time, 31 Maximum Output Frequency (FOmax), 20

Maximum Output Frequency Attained, 43 Maximum Output Voltage (Vmax), 21 Maximum Speed Search level, 31 Maximum Voltage Frequency (Fmax), 20 Mid-Point Frequency (Fmid), 21 Mid-Point Voltage (Vmid), 21 Minimum Output Frequency (Fmin), 22 Minimum Output Voltage (Vmin), 22 Momentary Power Loss Operation, 30 Motor No-Load Current, 50 Motor Rated Current, 50 Multi-Function Input Terminal, 33 Multi-Function Output Terminal, 43 Multi-Step Speed Command, 33 Over-Current Stall Prevention (during acceleration), 28 Over-Current Stall Prevention (during operation), 28 Over-time Detection, 67 Over-Torque Detection Level, 53 Over-Torque Detection Mode, 53 Over-Torque Detection Time, 53 Over-Voltage Stall Prevention, 27 Parameter Lock and Configuration, 58 Pause PLC Program, 33, 39 PLC Forward/Reverse Motion, 63 PLC Mode, 58 PLC Program Completed, 43, 44 PLC Program Operation Paused, 43, 44 PLC Program Running, 43, 44 PLC Program Step Completed, 43, 44 Potentiometer Bias Frequency, 45 Potentiometer Bias Polarity, 45 Potentiometer Frequency Gain, 46 Potentiometer Reverse Motion Enable, 46 Preliminary Count Value, 44 Preliminary Count Value Attained, 43, 44 Present Fault Record, 57 PWM Carrier Frequency, 56 Rate Current Display of AC Drive, 51 Reverse Operation Inhibition, 27 Run PLC Program, 33, 39 Second Most Recent Fault Record, 57

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 110

INDEX

Skip Frequency 1, 55 Slip Compensation, 45 Source of Operation Command, 19 Specific Output Display, 51 Start-Point for DC Braking, 29 Stop Method, 19 Time Duration of 1st Step Speed, 66 Time Duration of Master Frequency, 66 Torque Compensation, 51 Transmission Fault Treatment, 67 Transmission Speed, 67 Upper Bound of Output Frequency, 32 User Defined Coefficient K, 54 Zero Speed, 43

1999 DELTA ELECTRONICS, INC. ALL RIGHTS RESERVED 111