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JTTF members

Updated 7/28/03

Members of the JTTFs

I. Introduction

A. Background on 9-11 Commission - an independent, bipartisan

Commission created by Congress and the President to investigate the 9-11
attacks and make recommendations to prevent future terrorist attacks.

[We are not the congressional "Joint Inquiry" whose report has been in the news
recently. We are a special Commission that by law is required to present its
report to Congress and the President next spring.]

B. We are members of the Commission staff team focusing on law

enforcement and intelligence collection in the United States - primarily
the FBI.

C. We asked to meet with you based upon the position you have at the FBI
and the work you do - we are not investigating you personally, and did not
ask to interview you because of anything you did or did not do.

D. We will use the information that we obtain from you in today's interview
to assist the Commissioners prepare their report to Congress and the

E. Although we understand you had no choice in the matter, we appreciate

you taking the time to talk with us and tell us about your work - before we
begin, do you have any questions about why we are here and what we are

II. Background

A. Education and training prior to entering the work force.

B. Employment experience prior to joining JTTF - any prior law

enforcement, security; or intelligence collection experience. What were
you doing at your agency immediately before your assignment to the

C. How and why were you selected by your agency to participate on the
JTTF? Is there any particular prior experience that qualifies you for this
duty? Did you personally want to participate on the JTTF? When did you
become a member of the JTTF?
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III. Job Description and JTTF Process

A. Please describe your current non-JTTF job responsibilities, if any.

B. Please describe your role and duties on the JTTF, and your involvement in
ongoing FBI counterterrorism investigations. How much of your time is
spent at the FBI vs. your home agency?

C. What are your work priorities? Who establishes them? What are the
JTTF's priorities and how are these priorities established? In your view,
do one or more agencies have the clearly leading role on the JTTF? What
is your agency's role in establishing or influencing the JTTF's priorities?

D. Please describe in detail how the JTTF functions and operates. During
your time on the JTTF, has this changed?

1. Does the JTTF open and run investigations, or is it more of an

information-exchange center? Please describe how the JTTF
interacts with the FBI's CT investigations.

2. Does the JTTF have any input on whether to open or pursue a

preliminary inquiry or full field investigation? Does it have any
involvement in selecting FISA/Title III targets?

3. Does the JTTF play any role in decisions to close investigations?

E. Please describe the role of other members of the JTTF outside of the FBI
members. How many CIA, DIA and NSA representatives to the JTTF are
there? Is their role on the JTTF different than other members? Please
describe the participation and role of the members from the CIA, DIA and
NSA, if any.

F. Please describe the level and adequacy of resources to the JTTF, including
information technology, professional personnel, and staff support. Has
this changed during your tenure there?

IV. Access to Information and Information Flow

A. Working in Top Secret/SCI: Do you have a TS/SCI clearance? Do all

members of the JTTF have this clearance? Does the JTTF have access to
its own SCIF? How many people can it accommodate? How many STU
phones does the JTTF have? What level of clearance are they?

B. Who do you interact with at your home agency? What clearances to those
individuals have? Does your home agency have a SCIF? Does it have
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any STU phones? If so, how many, and what level of clearance are they
approved for? How is significant, but highly classified, information
shared with your home agency? Does the classification system present a
barrier to effectively acting on the intelligence?

C. To what extent are you and your home agency tasked with being a
collector and provider of information? Even if you are not specifically
tasked, to what extent does your agency provide information/intelligence
to the JTTF? Or is the JTTF primarily a provider of information to your
home agency?

D. What is the current state of the JTTF's information technology, and how
does it help or hinder your ability to operate effectively? Do you have the
ability to access all relevant FBI intelligence on a timely basis, and if so,
how is this access obtained? Can you access all CT matters within the
system or are you blocked from certain matters?

E. How well does information flow within the JTTF? Do you have
individual access to FBI personnel outside of the JTTF structure (e.g., with
WFO or HQ management)? Have the information sharing procedures
changed during your tenure on the JTTF? In your view, how could
information sharing be improved? Do you have direct access to data bases
outside of your home agency? Do other members of the JTTF?

F. In your judgment, how complete is your access to relevant Intelligence

Community information and how timely is the information you receive?
Does the JTTF have access to Intellink? Does the JTTF ever receive raw
intelligence? If not, who provides the intelligence the JTTF receives and
in what form?

G. How effectively can the JTTF task other agencies (including your home
agency), foreign intelligence and law enforcement partners, and state and
local law enforcement to collect and provide information? To the extent
the JTTF receives responses, how timely and helpful are they?

H. To what extent does the JTTF process and/or analyze the information?
Does the JTTF produce any original intelligence products for
dissemination? In what form or forms? Who is the "owner" of such

I. Please describe in detail how the JTTF shares information outside of the
JTTF members. Does "ORCON" provide a significant barrier to the
sharing of information for members of the JTTF? Who decides what
information can be shared, and on what basis are these decisions made? In
your view, how well does information flow out to the members' home
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J. Does the status of your home agency's information technology affect the
extent to which or how well it can utilize the JTTF's intelligence? Are
there other barriers to your home agency's ability to receive or act on the
intelligence available to you?

K. Please describe the JTTF's role in providing guidance to collectors of

intelligence (such as Special Agents, Surveillance Specialists, state and
local law enforcement, the CIA, NSA, and others) and analysts.

V. Training and Career Development

A. The extent and effectiveness of the training you receive hi international


B. The adequacy of international terrorism-related training you receive on an

ongoing basis.

C. The extent to which training is mandated, and to which you can pursue
training opportunities of interest.

VI. Supervision and Reporting

A. To whom do you report? Is your immediate supervisor experienced in

intelligence and/or CT? To whom, if anyone, does the JTTF report? Is
there a management hierarchy within the JTTF? How does it work?

B. Who provides guidance to the JTTF and how much guidance do you
receive in performing your duties? Does your home agency play a role

C. How is your performance measured? How do you know whether you

have been successful in your work? How is the JTTF's performance
assessed? What is your assessment of the evaluation system? Has it
changed since 9/11 ? How could it be improved upon?

D. What is your sense of how well the agencies of the other members (e.g.,
FBI, CIA, NSA, etc.) have been performing their CT responsibilities? Do
you have the sense that there is room for improvement by one or more of
these agencies? Where and how? During your tenure, have you noted
improvement by any of these other agencies in detecting or deterring

E. In what ways do you feel the collaboration created by the JTTF structure
has been particularly effective? In your judgment, how could the
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collaboration and information sharing with outside agencies be improved

upon? What obstacles do you perceive to making these improvements?

VIII. Recent Reforms

A. During your tenure within the JTTF, what changes, if any, have been
proposed or implemented in the way you perform your work and the way
your particular unit or office strives to accomplish its mission?

B. What is your sense of how well the JTTF functioned prior to these

C. Has the JTTF undergone more than one round of reforms since you
started? Please describe them in detail. Is the JTTF currently undergoing
reform? Are there proposed reforms that are yet to be implemented?

D. In your judgment, have these reforms been helpful to accomplishing your

mission? Please describe some specific ways in which the reforms have
actually improved the JTTF's success.

E. In what ways, if any, have the reforms created new issues or obstacles to
successfully completing your mission?

F. If it were up to you, what additional reforms or changes to the way the

JTTF operates would you suggest in order to achieve the greatest possible
success in completing your mission? What obstacles exist, if any, to
implementing any of the reforms you would propose?

IX. Home Agency's Counterterrorism Strategy

A. Please describe your home agency's approach to detecting, deterring, and

preventing terrorism. Among all of the responsibilities your home agency
has, where do counterterrorism responsibilities rank in priority? What
percentage of its time is spent on counterterrorism?

B. During your tenure there, have you detected a shift in emphasis on

counterterrorism? How has your home agency's actual approach to
counterterrorism changed? When did it change? Is it changing still? Did
a shift in resources (personnel, technology, etc.) accompany the shift in

C. In your estimation, were the changes necessary and substantive? Has the
increased emphasis on counterterrorism changed the way in which you
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have worked? Please describe in detail the specific ways in which your
work has changed as a result of the shift in strategy.

D. Who within your home agency allocates resources and determines

priorities for accommodating or implementing changes to counterterrorism
strategy? Is there a formal process for setting goals and objectives within
your home agency with respect to achieving an effective counterterrorism

E. How often does your home agency's approach to counterterrorism get

reevaluated? How does your home agency measure the effectiveness of
your counterterrorism strategy? Is there a formal process for evaluation?

H. In your view, has the new emphasis on counterterrorism negatively

impacted the other priorities of your home agency? In what ways? In
your view, is the emphasis on counterterrorism appropriate, or is it being
over- or under-emphasized relative to other priorities?

X. Comparison of Pre- vs. Post- 9/11 Approaches to Counterterrorism

A. What is your overall assessment of the way in which the FBI operated to
detect, prevent, and deter terrorism in the United States prior to 9/11?

B. What is your overall assessment of the way in which the FBI operates to
detect, prevent, and deter terrorism in the United States today?

C. hi your view, what accounts for the failures, if any, in the FBI's approach
to counterterrorism prior to 9/11? What barriers existed that prevented the
accomplishment of any necessary reforms before 9/11?

D. hi your view, how far along is the FBI in actually implementing the
changes it has proposed?

E. Once the current proposals are actually implemented, in your view, will
the FBI have the best approach to counterterrorism possible? Are
additional reforms necessary?

F. If it were up to you, what additional improvements would you suggest to

help achieve the most effective counterterrorism policy possible? hi your
view, what would be some of the most helpful suggestions we could