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Material name Low Carbon Steels

Composition Up to 0.30% Carbon

Properties Good formability, good weld-ability, low cost

Applications 0.1%-0.2% carbon: Chains, stampings, rivets, nails, wire, pipe, and where very soft, plastic steel is needed. 0.2%-0.3% carbon: Machine and structural parts 0.3%-0.4% carbon: Lead screws, gears, worms, spindles, shafts, and machine parts. 0.4%-0.5% carbon: Crankshafts, gears, axles, mandrels, tool shanks, and heat-treated machine parts 0.6%-0.8% carbon: "Low carbon tool steel" and is used where shock strength is wanted. Drop hammer dies, set screws, screwdrivers, and arbors.

Medium Carbon Steels

0.30% to 0.80% Carbon

A good balance of properties, fair formability

High Carbon Steels

0.80% to ~2.0% Carbon

0.7%-0.8% carbon: Tough and hard steel. Anvil faces, band saws, hammers, wrenches, and cable wire. Low toughness, formability, and weld0.8%-0.9% carbon: Punches for metal, rock drills, shear blades, cold ability, high hardness and wear resistance, chisels, rivet sets, and many hand tools. fair formability 0.9%-1.0% carbon: Used for hardness and high tensile strength, springs, cutting tools 1.0%-1.2% carbon: Drills, taps, milling cutters, knives, cold cutting dies, wood working tools. 1.2%-1.3% carbon: Files, reamers, knives, tools for cutting wood and brass. 1.3%-1.4% carbon: Used where a keen cutting edge is necessary (razors, saws, etc.) and where wear resistance is important.

Stainless Steel

Stainless steel is a family of Good corrosion resistance, appearance, corrosion resistant steels. They and mechanical properties contain at least 10.5% chromium, with or without other elements. The Chromium in the alloy forms a self-healing protective clear oxide layer. This oxide layer gives stainless steels their corrosion resistance.

Austenitic Steels: Contains chromium and nickel. The typical chromium content is in the range of 16% to 26%; nickel content is commonly less than 35%. Ferritic Steels: Magnetic with a high chromium and low nickel content usually alloyed with other elements such as aluminum or titanium. Martensitic Steels: Typically contains 11.0% to 17.0% chromium, no nickel, and 0.10% to 0.65% carbon levels. The high carbon enables the material to be hardened by heating to a high temperature, followed by rapid cooling (quenching).

Good mechanical and corrosion resisting properties, high hardness and yield strength as well as excellent ductility and are usually non-magnetic

Kitchen sinks, architectural applications such as roofing, cladding, gutters, doors and windows; Food processing equipment; Heat exchangers; Ovens; Chemical tanks

Good ductility, weld-ability, and formability; reasonable thermal conductivity, and corrosion resistance with a good bright surface appearance

Automotive trim, catalytic converters, radiator caps, fuel lines, cooking utensils, architectural and domestic appliance trim applications

Good combination of corrosion resistance Cutlery, scissors, surgical instruments, wear plates, garbage disposal and excellent mechanical properties, shredder lugs, industrial knives, vanes for steam turbines, fasteners, produced by heat treatment, to develop shafts, and springs maximum hardness, strength, and resistance to abrasion and erosion.