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# 1 PRINCIPLE Orientation Principle EXPLANATION Study the system relationships thoroughly prior to preliminary planning in order to identify existing methods and problems, and physical and economic constraints, and to establish future requirements and goals.

Establish a plan to include basic requirements, desirable options, and the Planning Principle consideration of contingencies for all material handling and storage activities. Integrate those handling and storage which are economically viable into a Systems Principle coordinated system of operation including receiving, storage, production, assembly, packaging, warehousing, shipping, and transportation. Unit Load Principle Space Utilization Principle Standardization Principle Ergonomic Principle Energy Principle Environmental Principle Mechanization Principle Flexibility Principle Simplification Principle Gravity Principle Safety Principle Computerization Principle Layout Principle Handling product in as large a unit load as practical. Make effective utilization of all cubic space. Standardize handling methods and equipment wherever possible. Recognize human capabilities and limitations by designing material handling equipment and procedures for effective interaction with the people using the system. Include energy consumption of the material handling systems and material handling procedures when making comparisons or preparing economic justifications. Minimize adverse effects on the environment when selecting material handling equipment and procedures. Mechanize the handling process where feasible to increase efficiency and economy in the handling of materials. Use methods and equipment which can perform a variety of tasks under a variety of operating conditions. Simplify handling by eliminating, reducing, or combining unnecessary movements and/or equipment. Utilize gravity to move material wherever possible, while respecting limitations concerning safety, product damage, and loss. Provide safe material handling equipment and methods which follow existing safety codes and regulations in addition to accrued experience. Consider computerization in material handling and storage systems when circumstances warrant for improved material and information control. Prepare an operational sequence and equipment layout for all viable systems solutions, then select the alternative system which best integrates efficiency and effectiveness. Compare the economic justification of alternative solutions in equipment and methods on the basis of economic effectiveness as measured by expense per unit handled. Prepare a plan for preventive maintenance and scheduled repairs on all material handling equipment. Provide reliable and dependable material handling equipment from manufacturers who have demonstrated quality and longevity in the industry. Page 1 of 2

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Cost Principle Maintenance Principle Reliability Principle


Accessibility Principle

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