# Home learning: Waves - Reflection and refraction

1. Fill out the table below to show the types of waves Transverse or longitudinal? A plucked guitar string transverse Radio waves transverse Sound from a radio longitudinal Light from a torch transverse Mechanical or electromagnetic? mechanical EM mechanical EM

2. Water waves pass by at a rate of one every 7 seconds. Their wavelength is 5 metres. Calculate their speed. (hint: calculate their frequency first, then use v=fλ) frequency = number of waves time in seconds f = 1 ÷ 7 = 0.14Hz v = f λ = 0.14 * 5 = 0.71 = 0.7 ms-1 (1sf) 3. A wave generator makes 16 waves every 4.0 seconds. These 16 waves cover a distance of 16cm. a) Calculate the frequency of the waves. frequency = number of waves time in seconds f = 16 ÷ 4.0 = 4.0Hz b) Calculate the period of the waves. T=1 f T = 1 ÷ 4.0 = 0.25 s (2sf) c) Calculate the wavelength of the waves. 16 waves cover 16cm, so 1 wave (which is one wavelength) covers 1.0cm d) Calculate the speed of the waves. v = f λ = 4.0 * 0.01 = 0.040 ms-1 (2sf) 4. Complete the diagram below to show how the waves are reflected from the boundary. a) Label your diagram to show the direction of travel of the reflected waves. b) Label the angle of incidence and angle of reflection.

angle of incidence

angle of reflection

050 ms-1 (2sf) 6.0cm in the deep water and 2. As the waves travel from the deep region into the shallow region they refract and change direction.0cm (2sf) d) Calculate the frequency of the incident waves. only the wavelength and speed change).20 = 0. c) Calculate the wave speed in the shallow region.0s. In the deep region a total of 10 waves are counted passing by in 4. DEEP SHALLOW direction of propagation a) Calculate the frequency of the waves in the deep region.75 ms-1 (2sf) c) Use the diagram to work out the wavelength of the incident waves.050 = 15Hz (2sf) e) What is the frequency of the refracted waves? 15Hz (the frequency of the waves does not change from deep to shallow water. v = f λ = 2.5Hz (the frequency of the waves does not change from deep to shallow water. not number of crests).5Hz (2sf) b) What is the frequency of the waves in the shallow region? 2.020 = 0. b) Each incident wave takes 0.0 = 2. The wavelength is 5.5. f=v λ f = 0.75 ÷ 0.20s to travel the 15cm shown. v=d t v = 0. Their wavelength is 3.15 ÷ 0. frequency = number of waves time in seconds f = 10 ÷ 4. The diagram shows waves arriving at a boundary between deep and shallow water.5 * 0. Calculate the speed of the waves. . 3 waves cover 15cm (remember to count complete wavelengths. The diagram shows a ripple tank set up to demonstrate refraction. only the wavelength and speed change). DEEP 15cm SHALLOW a) Draw the pattern showing the wave fronts as they pass into the shallow region. So 1 wave covers 5cm.0cm in the shallow water.

f) The wavelength of the refracted waves is measured to be 4.60 ms-1 (2sf) g) Use your values to verify that v1/v2 = λ1/λ2 v1/v2 = 0.04 = 1.040 = 0. so v1/v2 = λ1/λ2 is proven to be true. v = f λ = 15 * 0. 7.75 ÷ 0.25. The wave fronts are incident on a plane boundary which separates a shallow region from a deep region. Use v=fλ to calculate the speed of the waves in the shallow region.0cm. DEEP 30˚ SHALLOW a) Calculate the angle of refraction in the deep region. at an angle of 30˚. The speed of the waves in the shallow region is 40 cm s-1 and in the deep region is 55 cm s-1.25 λ1/λ2 = 0.25 Both are equal to 1.05 ÷ 0. (Use vdeep/vshallow = sin Өdeep/sinӨshallow) vdeep = 55 cm s-1 vshallow = 40 cm s-1 Өdeep = ? Өshallow = 30˚ 55 = sin Өdeep 40 sin30˚ sin30˚ x 55 = sin Өdeep 40 sin-1( sin30˚ x 55 ) = Өdeep 40 Өdeep = 43˚ (2sf) . The diagram below shows a wave generator producing waves with a frequency of 20 Hz.60 = 1.