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Find out moreThe number of students who sat for the 2009 examination was 7223. Almost 15% of students scored 90% or more of the available marks, compared with 16% in 2008, and just over 1% received full marks, compared with 3% in 2008. It was encouraging to see that the use of the integrand, with ‘dx’, was not a problem for students this year. However, some students commenced finding the rule for an inverse function by writing f -1 = x = or similar, presumably in an attempt to indicate that they were finding f -1(x) by solving x = f(y) for y. Many students were unable to correctly evaluate simple arithmetic calculations involving decimals and fractions. In Questions 1a., 2b., 4, 5, 6, 7 and 10a., answers were often either left unsimplified or incorrectly evaluated when simplification was attempted. The use of brackets in expressions where more than one term is multiplied or subtracted from another was a problem for a significant number of students. This was particularly evident in Questions 1b. and 2b. Students are strongly advised to reread a question upon completion to ensure they have done all that is required. In Question 2b., many students applied the quotient rule but neglected to substitute x = π to complete their answer. In Question 3, most students knew what to do to find the rule of the inverse function f -1(x) but neglected to state the domain of f -1. Students need to be aware that they must show working in questions worth more than one mark. Failure to show appropriate working will result in marks not being awarded. The number of marks allocated to a question is usually an indication of the number of steps/concepts required. Question 1a. Marks 0 % 16 1 x × + log e ( x ) x

= 1 + log e ( x )

Mathematical Methods (CAS) GA 2: Examination 1

1 11

2 73

Average 1.6

This was a straightforward differentiation question involving the use of the product rule. Many students ‘cancelled’ 1 x × as zero rather than 1, to leave just the logarithm term. x Question 1b. Marks 0 1 2 % 12 42 10 (2 x + 2) × − sin( x ) − cos( x ) × 2 f ′( x ) = 2 (2 x + 2)

f ′(π ) = 1 2(π + 1)

2

3

37

Average 1.7

The quotient rule was appropriately attempted by most students. However, too many students did not include the brackets on the first line and/or incorrectly cancelled out the 2x + 2 in the denominator with the 2x + 2 in the numerator. A majority of students did not substitute x = π correctly.

Mathematical Methods (CAS) GA 2 Exam

© VICTORIAN CURRICULUM AND ASSESSMENT AUTHORITY 2010

1

Question 2b. Most students correctly chose the initial angle but went on to have problems dividing by 2 and selecting the appropriate angles for the set domain. Mathematical Methods (CAS) GA 2 Exam Published: 5 February 2010 2 . few obtained the correct result. f should have provided students with a clue.1 54 25 This question was very poorly done.2009 Assessment Report Question 2a. however. 6 3 are within required domain. commonly leaving off the absolute value operator. The definition of 0 1 2 3 19 . Many 3 could not evaluate 4 2 as Question 3 Marks % f −1 ( 4) 1 3 = 2 = 8 or alternatively as 4 = 64 = 8 .9 tan(2 x ) = 3 ⇒ 2 x = x= π 4π −2π 3 π 2π −π . 3 3 0 2 3 8 10 −1 : R \ {−4} → R where f ( x ) = 44 3 x+4 38 Average 2. Marks 0 % 21 1 − log e (| 1 − 2 x |) 2 1 2 Average 1. Question 4 Marks % f −1 . 6 3 3 x= π 2π . 3 41 Average 1. Most students realised that a logarithm would be involved in the answer.2 ∫ 4 1 ⎡ 3 ⎤ x2 ⎢ ( x + 1)dx = 3 + x ⎥ ⎢ ⎥ ⎢ 2 ⎥ ⎣ ⎦1 1 2 =( 2 × 42 3 2 3 3 2 + 4) − ( + 1) 3 3 =7 = 23 Most students could anti-differentiate part of the expression and then set up the solution in appropriate limits. Marks % 0 1 2 3 9 9 4 34 48 Average 2. required the rule and the domain to be specified.1 Few students realised that the inverse function. 3 14 26 . .

However. 4 Question 6 Marks % dV dr dr dt dr dt = 4π r = = dr dV dV dt 1 12π = 0 1 2 3 21 16 5 58 Average 2 1 4π r × 10 when r = 30 2 Most students could differentiate V = 2π r and knew that the chain rule was required. (2. Marks 0 % 37 Pr( X > 1 | X ≤ 3) = 1 2 = 10 53 Pr( X = 2) + Pr( X = 3) 1 − Pr( X = 4) Average 1. 1 (4. Some students did not write a proper fraction or stated a terminating decimal.2009 Assessment Report Question 5a. using the restricted sample space {(1. Question 5c.1)}.7 Students encountered a similar problem to that experienced in Question 5a. and/or 5b. Marks % 1 12 = 3 = 1 1 12 4 3 0 1 2 49 11 40 Average 0. (3.9 = 6 9 = 2 3 The intersection was correctly identified by most students.4). Marks 0 % 22 1 1 1 × = 4 3 12 1 Average 0.9 Some students obtained the correct answer from first principles. Question 7a. some student responses showed poor arithmetic.6 0. They obtained the correct answer of despite sometimes having incorrect responses to Question 5a. Question 5b. many students could not put it together correctly.2). What to do with the ‘condition’ eluded many.2 0.3).8 78 This was a straightforward question. Marks 0 % 37 1 1 4× = 12 3 1 63 Average 0. however. Mathematical Methods (CAS) GA 2 Exam Published: 5 February 2010 3 .

Only a few students attained full marks on this question because many did not eliminate x = -1 as a solution.6 + 0. 2 log e ( −1) is not defined as a real value.2 + 2 × 0.8 + 0. Mathematical Methods (CAS) GA 2 Exam Published: 5 February 2010 4 . 3 2 or x = −1 .) This question was poorly done and appeared to confuse many students. Common errors included incorrect x differentiation. or common gradients both lead to e a = e + k a a e +k −0 a a−0 =e a ⇒ k = e a − e = e ( a − 1) a a a (The equation of the tangent through (0.2 + 2 × 0.8 + 1.1=0 + 0.4 + 3 × 0.6=5. Question 8 Marks % f (a) = e + k a x 2 0 1 2 3 42 a 17 4 a 37 Average 1.2 + 4 × 0.ea+k) yields the same result.2 or use of Var(X) = ∑ ( x − E ( X )) Pr( X = x ) The majority of students started well and wrote down the correct rule for variance.2009 Assessment Report Question 7b.1 + 1 × 0. However.2 + 0.2 + 4 × 0.2 2 2 2 2 2 2 Var(X) =E(X2)-E(X) 2 = 1. Question 9 Marks % 2 0 1 2 3 4 16 16 20 26 22 Average 2.0) and (a. the answer is x= 3 2.1 + 1 × 0. using x = 0 instead of x = a to find the gradient of the tangent.4=2 E(X )=0 × 0. Marks 0 1 2 3 Average % 2 16 17 17 50 E(X ) = 0 × 0.2 + 1.2 log e ⎜ x 2 ⎛ x ⎞ ⎛1⎞ ⎟ = log e ⎜ ⎟ ⎝ x+3⎠ ⎝2⎠ = 1 2 ⇒ 2x = x + 3 2 x+3 2 2x − x − 3 = 0 Solve (factorising or by formula) to get x = Since x must be positive.4 f ′( x ) = e .1=0 + 0.4 + 3 × 0. and stating that the tangent was y = e x . many then neglected to square the mean to obtain the correct final answer.6 + 1. f ′( a ) = e so tangent is y = e x Then solve by using common y-values ya=eaa = f(a).

The gradient of the tangent at x = 8 is positive and constant.06 ≈ 2 200 = 2.1 The gradient of the function is positive but decreasing for x ≥ 8 . Marks 0 % 47 f ( x ) = x ⇒ f ′( x ) = 1 3 3 2 . Mathematical Methods (CAS) GA 2 Exam Published: 5 February 2010 5 . 1 2 3 4 8 1 3 x −2 3 9 9 27 Average 1.6 f (8) = 2 and f ′(8) = 1 12 f (8 + 0.005 Question 10b. Marks 0 % 92 1 8 Average 0.06 f ′(8) 3 1 8.06) ≈ f (8) + 0.2009 Assessment Report Some students incorrectly cancelled one x in the denominator with the x in the numerator to obtain x = Question 10a. The approximation is determined by the y-value on the tangent which is greater than the actual value on the function for x>8.

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