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Locating Winding Insulation Defects in Large Electrical Machines

Dragana Popovic Renella & Marjan Blagojevic CWIEME 5th June 2013, Berlin

Outline
Magnetic Measurement Instruments Current Sensors Insulation Defect Locator Outlook

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Digital Teslameter / Gaussmeter

Integrated 3-axis Hall Probe Very high resolution: 1ppm Accuracy: 0.001% High f-bandwidth High temperature stability
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Applications

Magnetic Field Mapping, e.g. in Particle Accelerators Characterization of Permanent Magnets

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Application:
Monitoring Electrical Machines

Detecting rotor winding shorted through measurement of: Main Rotor magnetic field Stator Reaction magnetic field Rotor Slot Leakage magnetic field Air-gap magnetic field 5/23/13 5

SENIS Teslamete r

Magnetic Measurement Technologies

*Luca Bottura of CERN; Revised by SENIS 2011


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Current Sensing using Magnetic Field

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Dragana Popovic Renella and Marjan Blagojevic

Application: Current Sensors


I = 0.2A 10A

I = 200A 3000A

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Application: Clamp-On MicroAmmeter


SENIS Hall sensor inside

Key Features
Measurement range Offset Drift Sensitivity Withstanding voltage Jaw opening
100mA (100T) IOF,RMS< 10A (10nT) 100V/A (100000V/T) 50kV 50mm

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Application: Insulation Defect Locator

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IDL Theoretical background

IDL Theoretical background

Typical current stator slot cross section

IDL Theoretical background


High Voltage Generator Current Limiter Stator Coil C

Leading edge Control voltage for HV source

Trailing edge

Leakage Resistance

HV source operates like voltage source

Current limit

HV source operates like current source

Current of HV source

Leakage current of coil

Rise time

Width time

Fall time

Predicted diagram of leakage current based on simplified schematic diagram. Current limit for controllable high voltage source is about 15mA.

IDL Consisting Parts

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IDL Measurement Procedure


CT A #1 B CT #2 #12

Winding under test

Rinsulation

DC Clamp-On Microammeter 2

C CT

High Voltage DC Generator

DC Clamp-On Microammeter 1

R
Multifunction DAQ

D CT

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Measurement diagram for one phase of generator

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Technical Challenges

Very low magnetic resolution order of nT => Minimization of noise and offset fluctuation Influence of external magnetic field => Dual core Remanet magnetic field => Degaussing & material with low Br High voltage compatibility => Fiber-optic transfer data

Case Story - Twin Lakes Colorado

Case Story Grand Coulee

Case Story Buffalo Bill G2 Plant

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Case Story Buffalo Bill G2 Plant

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SENIS Current Sensors - Outlook


Development of a New generation of Clamp-On MicroAmmeters for leakage current detection. - Objective: Offset fluctuation and drift <3A over 10min - Deadline: End of 2013

High-Accuracy Clamp-On DC/AC Current Transducers for Test and Measurement applications, ranges from 100A to 1000A - Objective: Absolute accuracy better than 0.2% (now the best on the market: 1%); major improvement of repeatability and immunity to external magnetic fields. - Time: Mid-2014

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Demonstration Booth No. 4333, Hall 4.2 Thank you! www.senis.ch


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