AT X Symbol List The Comprehensive L E Scott Pakin <scott+clsl@pakin.

org>∗ 9 November 2009

Abstract
A This document lists 5913 symbols and the corresponding L TEX commands that produce them. Some A of these symbols are guaranteed to be available in every L TEX 2ε system; others require fonts and packages that may not accompany a given distribution and that therefore need to be installed. All of the fonts and packages used to prepare this document—as well as this document itself—are freely available from the Comprehensive TEX Archive Network (http://www.ctan.org/).

Contents
Contents 1 Introduction 1.1 Document Usage . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1.2 Frequently Requested Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Body-text symbols A Table 1: L TEX 2ε Escapable “Special” Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A Table 2: Predefined L TEX 2ε Text-mode Commands . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A Table 3: L TEX 2ε Commands Defined to Work in Both Math and Text Mode Table 4: AMS Commands Defined to Work in Both Math and Text Mode . . Table 5: Non-ASCII Letters (Excluding Accented Letters) . . . . . . . . . . . Table 6: Letters Used to Typeset African Languages . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 7: Letters Used to Typeset Vietnamese . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 8: Punctuation Marks Not Found in OT1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 9: pifont Decorative Punctuation Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 10: tipa Phonetic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 11: tipx Phonetic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 12: wsuipa Phonetic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 13: wasysym Phonetic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 14: phonetic Phonetic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 15: t4phonet Phonetic Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 16: semtrans Transliteration Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 17: Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 18: tipa Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 19: extraipa Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 20: wsuipa Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 21: phonetic Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 22: metre Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 23: t4phonet Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 24: arcs Text-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 25: semtrans Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 26: ogonek Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 27: combelow Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1 8 8 8 9 9 9 9 10 10 10 10 10 10 11 12 13 13 13 14 14 14 15 16 16 16 17 17 17 17 17 17

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∗ The original version of this document was written by David Carlisle, with several additional tables provided by Alexander Holt. See Section 8.8 on page 118 for more information about who did what.

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28: 29: 30: 31: 32: 33: 34: 35: 36: 37: 38: 39: 40: 41:

wsuipa Diacritics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . textcomp Diacritics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . textcomp Currency Symbols . . . . . . . . . marvosym Currency Symbols . . . . . . . . . wasysym Currency Symbols . . . . . . . . . C A2e Currency Symbols . . . . . . . . . . hin teubner Currency Symbols . . . . . . . . . . eurosym Euro Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fourier Euro Signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . textcomp Legal Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . cclicenses Creative Commons License Icons . textcomp Old-style Numerals . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous textcomp Symbols . . . . . . . Miscellaneous wasysym Text-mode Symbols

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18 18 18 18 18 19 19 19 19 19 19 20 20 20 21 21 21 22 22 22 23 23 23 23 24 24 24 24 25 25 25 26 26 26 26 27 28 29 30 30 30 30 31 31 31 31 31 32 32 32 33 34 35 36 36 36 36

Mathematical symbols Table 42: Math-Mode Versions of Text Symbols . . . . . Table 43: cmll Unary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 44: Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 45: AMS Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 46: stmaryrd Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . Table 47: wasysym Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . Table 48: txfonts/pxfonts Binary Operators . . . . . . . Table 49: mathabx Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . Table 50: MnSymbol Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . Table 51: mathdesign Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . Table 52: cmll Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 53: shuffle Binary Operators . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 54: ulsy Geometric Binary Operators . . . . . . . Table 55: mathabx Geometric Binary Operators . . . . . Table 56: MnSymbol Geometric Binary Operators . . . . Table 57: Variable-sized Math Operators . . . . . . . . Table 58: AMS Variable-sized Math Operators . . . . . Table 59: stmaryrd Variable-sized Math Operators . . . Table 60: wasysym Variable-sized Math Operators . . . Table 61: mathabx Variable-sized Math Operators . . . Table 62: txfonts/pxfonts Variable-sized Math Operators Table 63: esint Variable-sized Math Operators . . . . . . Table 64: MnSymbol Variable-sized Math Operators . . Table 65: mathdesign Variable-sized Math Operators . . Table 66: cmll Large Math Operators . . . . . . . . . . Table 67: Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 68: AMS Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 69: AMS Negated Binary Relations . . . . . . . . Table 70: stmaryrd Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . Table 71: wasysym Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . Table 72: txfonts/pxfonts Binary Relations . . . . . . . . Table 73: txfonts/pxfonts Negated Binary Relations . . . Table 74: mathabx Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . Table 75: mathabx Negated Binary Relations . . . . . . Table 76: MnSymbol Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . Table 77: MnSymbol Negated Binary Relations . . . . . Table 78: mathtools Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . Table 79: turnstile Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 80: trsym Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 81: trfsigns Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 82: cmll Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 83: colonequals Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . 2

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84: 85: 86: 87: 88: 89: 90: 91: 92: 93: 94: 95: 96: 97: 98: 99: 100: 101: 102: 103: 104: 105: 106: 107: 108: 109: 110: 111: 112: 113: 114: 115: 116: 117: 118: 119: 120: 121: 122: 123: 124: 125: 126: 127: 128: 129: 130: 131: 132: 133: 134: 135: 136: 137: 138: 139: 140:

fourier Binary Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . Subset and Superset Relations . . . . . . . . . AMS Subset and Superset Relations . . . . . stmaryrd Subset and Superset Relations . . . . wasysym Subset and Superset Relations . . . . txfonts/pxfonts Subset and Superset Relations mathabx Subset and Superset Relations . . . . MnSymbol Subset and Superset Relations . . Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wasysym Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . txfonts/pxfonts Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Triangle Relations . . . . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd Triangle Relations . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Triangle Relations . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Triangle Relations . . . . . . . . . Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Harpoons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . textcomp Text-mode Arrows . . . . . . . . . . AMS Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Negated Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Harpoons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . txfonts/pxfonts Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Negated Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Harpoons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Negated Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Harpoons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Negated Harpoons . . . . . . . . . harpoon Extensible Harpoons . . . . . . . . . chemarrow Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fge Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Spoons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Pitchforks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Smiles and Frowns . . . . . . . . . ulsy Contradiction Symbols . . . . . . . . . . Extension Characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd Extension Characters . . . . . . . . . txfonts/pxfonts Extension Characters . . . . . mathabx Extension Characters . . . . . . . . . Log-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Log-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . C A2e Number Sets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . hin Greek Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Greek Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . txfonts/pxfonts Upright Greek Letters . . . . . upgreek Upright Greek Letters . . . . . . . . . fourier Variant Greek Letters . . . . . . . . . . txfonts/pxfonts Variant Latin Letters . . . . . AMS Hebrew Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Hebrew Letters . . . . . . . . . . . Letter-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Letter-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 3

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36 36 36 37 37 37 37 37 37 38 38 38 38 39 39 40 40 40 41 41 41 41 41 41 42 42 42 42 43 43 44 46 46 47 47 47 47 47 48 48 48 48 48 49 49 49 49 50 50 50 51 51 51 51 51 51 52

. . . . . . . mathdots Dots . . . trfsigns Extensible Transform Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Letter-like Symbols . . . . . metre Text-mode Delimiters . . . . yhmath Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fourier Letter-like Symbols . . MnSymbol Extensible Accents . trfsigns Letter-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 52 52 52 52 53 53 53 53 53 53 54 54 54 54 55 55 56 56 57 57 57 57 57 58 58 58 58 59 59 59 59 60 60 60 60 61 61 61 61 62 62 62 62 63 63 63 63 63 64 64 64 64 64 64 65 65 4 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathdesign Letter-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Dots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . yhmath Dots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . overrightarrow Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . extpfeil Extensible Arrows . . fge Letter-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nath Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Extensible Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Math-mode Accents . . . . . . nath Variable-sized Delimiters (Double) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathtools Extensible Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Math-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . nath Variable-sized Delimiters (Triple) . . . . chemarr Extensible Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fourier Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fourier Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . esvect Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Letter-like Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . yhmath Math-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Dots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Math-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . AMS Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . stmaryrd Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . holtpolt Non-commutative Division Symbols Dots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . chemarrow Extensible Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . DotArrow Extensible Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . marvosym Digits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . extarrows Extensible Arrows . . . mathtools Extensible Accents . . . ushort Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . teubner Dots . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathcomp Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . undertilde Extensible Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathdesign Variable-sized Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Large. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . textcomp Text-mode Delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fge Math-mode Accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wasysym Dots . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 141: 142: 143: 144: 145: 146: 147: 148: 149: 150: 151: 152: 153: 154: 155: 156: 157: 158: 159: 160: 161: 162: 163: 164: 165: 166: 167: 168: 169: 170: 171: 172: 173: 174: 175: 176: 177: 178: 179: 180: 181: 182: 183: 184: 185: 186: 187: 188: 189: 190: 191: 192: 193: 194: 195: 196: 197: txfonts/pxfonts Letter-like Symbols .

. . . . . . Table 231: wasysym Biological Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 217: ar Aspect Ratio Symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . universal Arrows . . . . Table 230: marvosym Engineering Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pifont Scissors . . . . . dingbat Pencils . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pifont Crosses and Plusses . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous arev Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pifont Arrows . . . . . Table 229: marvosym Communication Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 227: ascii Control Characters (CP437) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 65 65 65 66 66 66 66 66 67 67 67 67 67 67 68 70 70 70 70 70 70 70 71 71 71 71 71 72 72 72 73 73 73 73 74 74 74 75 75 75 75 75 75 75 76 76 76 76 76 76 76 76 77 77 77 Science and technology symbols Table 214: gensymb Symbols Defined to Work in Both Math and Text Table 215: wasysym Electrical and Physical Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . bbding Xs and Check Marks pifont Xs and Check Marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous fge Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . marvosym Scissors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 232: marvosym Biological Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 223: wasysym APL Symbols . . . . . . . . . . Table 225: marvosym Computer Hardware Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 233: marvosym Safety-related Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 226: keystroke Computer Keys . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . A Miscellaneous L TEX 2ε Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous AMS Math Symbols . . . . . . . Miscellaneous mathabx Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous wasysym Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Math Alphabets . . . Table 216: ifsym Pulse Diagram Symbols . . . . Table 228: milstd Logic Gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . dozenal Base-12 Digits . . Miscellaneous Internal MnSymbol Math Symbols Miscellaneous textcomp Text-mode Math Symbols Miscellaneous marvosym Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . mathabx Mayan Digits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . dingbat Fists . . . . . . . Mode . bbding Crosses and Plusses . . . . Table 222: mathabx Astronomical Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . fourier Fists . . . . . bbding Fists . Miscellaneous txfonts/pxfonts Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 218: textcomp Text-mode Science and Engineering Symbols . Miscellaneous MnSymbol Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . bbding Scissors . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Dingbats Table 235: Table 236: Table 237: Table 238: Table 239: Table 240: Table 241: Table 242: Table 243: Table 244: Table 245: Table 246: Table 247: Table 248: Table 249: Table 250: Table 251: bbding Arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table Table 4 198: 199: 200: 201: 202: 203: 204: 205: 206: 207: 208: 209: 210: 211: 212: 213: fge Digits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pifont Fists . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 220: wasysym Astronomical Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pifont Pencils and Nibs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . bbding Pencils and Nibs . . . . 5 . . . . . Table 224: wasysym APL Modifiers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous mathdesign Math Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 234: feyn Feynman Diagram Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 219: steinmetz Extensible Phasor Symbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 221: marvosym Astronomical Symbols . . . . . . . . .

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252: 253: 254: 255: 256: 257: 258: 259: 260: 261: 262: 263: 264: 265: 266: 267: 268:

wasysym Xs and Check Marks . . . . . . . universal Xs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . pifont Circled Numbers . . . . . . . . . . . wasysym Stars . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . bbding Stars, Flowers, and Similar Shapes pifont Stars, Flowers, and Similar Shapes . fourier Ornaments . . . . . . . . . . . . . . wasysym Geometric Shapes . . . . . . . . . MnSymbol Geometric Shapes . . . . . . . ifsym Geometric Shapes . . . . . . . . . . bbding Geometric Shapes . . . . . . . . . . pifont Geometric Shapes . . . . . . . . . . universa Geometric Shapes . . . . . . . . . universal Geometric Shapes . . . . . . . . . Miscellaneous dingbat Dingbats . . . . . . Miscellaneous bbding Dingbats . . . . . . . Miscellaneous pifont Dingbats . . . . . . .

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77 77 77 77 78 78 78 78 79 79 80 80 80 80 80 80 80 81 81 81 82 82 85 85 85 86 86 86 87 87 88 88 88 88 88 88 89 89 89 89 90 90 90 90 90 90 91 91 91 91 92 92 92 92 92 93

Ancient languages Table 269: phaistos Symbols from the Phaistos Disk . . . . . . Table 270: protosem Proto-Semitic Characters . . . . . . . . . Table 271: hieroglf Hieroglyphics . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 272: linearA Linear A Script . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 273: linearb Linear B Basic and Optional Letters . . . . Table 274: linearb Linear B Numerals . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 275: linearb Linear B Weights and Measures . . . . . . . Table 276: linearb Linear B Ideograms . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 277: linearb Unidentified Linear B Symbols . . . . . . . Table 278: cypriot Cypriot Letters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 279: sarabian South Arabian Letters . . . . . . . . . . . Table 280: teubner Archaic Greek Letters and Greek Numerals Other symbols Table 281: textcomp Genealogical Symbols . Table 282: wasysym General Symbols . . . . Table 283: wasysym Circles . . . . . . . . . . Table 284: wasysym Musical Symbols . . . . Table 285: arev Musical Symbols . . . . . . . Table 286: harmony Musical Symbols . . . . Table 287: harmony Musical Accents . . . . . Table 288: manfnt Dangerous Bend Symbols Table 289: Miscellaneous manfnt Symbols . . Table 290: marvosym Navigation Symbols . . Table 291: marvosym Laundry Symbols . . . Table 292: marvosym Information Symbols . Table 293: Other marvosym Symbols . . . . . Table 294: Miscellaneous universa Symbols . Table 295: Miscellaneous universal Symbols . Table 296: Miscellaneous fourier Symbols . . Table 297: ifsym Weather Symbols . . . . . . Table 298: ifsym Alpine Symbols . . . . . . . Table 299: ifsym Clocks . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 300: Other ifsym Symbols . . . . . . . Table 301: clock Clocks . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 302: epsdice Dice . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 303: hhcount Dice . . . . . . . . . . . . Table 304: hhcount Tally Markers . . . . . . Table 305: skull Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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306: 307: 308: 309: 310: 311: 312: 313: 314: 315: 316: 317: 318: 319: 320:

Non-Mathematical mathabx Symbols . . . skak Chess Informator Symbols . . . . . . skak Chess Pieces and Chessboard Squares igo Go Stones . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . metre Metrical Symbols . . . . . . . . . . metre Small and Large Metrical Symbols . teubner Metrical Symbols . . . . . . . . . . dictsym Dictionary Symbols . . . . . . . . simpsons Characters from The Simpsons . pmboxdraw Box-Drawing Symbols . . . . . staves Magical Staves . . . . . . . . . . . . pigpen Cipher Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . C A2e Phases of the Moon . . . . . . . . hin Other C A2e Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . hin recycle Recycling Symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

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93 93 94 94 95 95 95 96 96 97 97 98 98 98 99 100 100 100 100 112 113 114 117 118 121 122 123

Additional Information 8.1 Symbol Name Clashes . . . . . . . . 8.2 Resizing symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 8.3 Where can I find the symbol for . . . ? 8.4 Math-mode spacing . . . . . . . . . . 8.5 Bold mathematical symbols . . . . . 8.6 ASCII and Latin 1 quick reference . 8.7 Unicode characters . . . . . . . . . . 8.8 About this document . . . . . . . . . 8.9 Copyright and license . . . . . . . .

References Index

7

1

Introduction

A A Welcome to the Comprehensive L TEX Symbol List! This document strives to be your primary source of L TEX A symbol information: font samples, L TEX commands, packages, usage details, caveats—everything needed to put thousands of different symbols at your disposal. All of the fonts covered herein meet the following criteria:

1. They are freely available from the Comprehensive TEX Archive Network (http://www.ctan.org).
A 2. All of their symbols have L TEX 2ε bindings. That is, a user should be able to access a symbol by name, not just by \char￿number ￿. A These are not particularly limiting criteria; the Comprehensive L TEX Symbol List contains samples of 5913 A symbols—quite a large number. Some of these symbols are guaranteed to be available in every L TEX 2ε system; others require fonts and packages that may not accompany a given distribution and that therefore need to be installed. See http://www.tex.ac.uk/cgi-bin/texfaq2html?label=instpackages+wherefiles for help with installing new fonts and packages.

1.1

Document Usage

Each section of this document contains a number of font tables. Each table shows a set of symbols, with the A corresponding L TEX command to the right of each symbol. A table’s caption indicates what package needs to be loaded in order to access that table’s symbols. For example, the symbols in Table 39, “textcomp Old-Style Numerals”, are made available by putting “\usepackage{textcomp}” in your document’s preamble. “AMS” means to use the AMS packages, viz. amssymb and/or amsmath. Notes below a table provide additional information about some or all the symbols in that table. One note that appears a few times in this document, particularly in Section 2, indicates that certain symbols do not exist in the OT1 font encoding (Donald Knuth’s original, 7-bit font encoding, which is the A default font encoding for L TEX) and that you should use fontenc to select a different encoding, such as T1 (a common 8-bit font encoding). That means that you should put “\usepackage[￿encoding ￿]{fontenc}” in your document’s preamble, where ￿encoding ￿ is, e.g., T1 or LY1. To limit the change in font encoding to the current group, use “\fontencoding{￿encoding ￿}\selectfont”. Section 8 contains some additional information about the symbols in this document. It discusses how certain mathematical symbols can vary in height, shows which symbol names are not unique across packages, gives examples of how to create new symbols out of existing symbols, explains how symbols are spaced in A math mode, compares various schemes for boldfacing symbols, presents L TEX ASCII and Latin 1 tables, shows how to input and output Unicode characters, and provides some information about this document itself. A The Comprehensive L TEX Symbol List ends with an index of all the symbols in the document and various additional useful terms.

1.2

Frequently Requested Symbols

There are a number of symbols that are requested over and over again on comp.text.tex. If you’re looking for such a symbol the following list will help you find it quickly. , as in “Spaces are significant.” ´ ı, ` ı, ¯ ı, ˆ ı, etc. (versus ´ ı, ` ı, ¯ i, and ˆ ı) ¢ e ‰ ￿ ∴ ........ ........ 9 14 18 18 19 20 27 30 31 38 ￿

..

.

.............................. .............. ........................ ......................

64 67 68 68 68 107

............................... .............................. ...................... .............................. .............................. ............................... ......................... .........................

°, as in “180°” or “15￿” L, F, etc. , , , etc.

©, ®, and ™

...............................

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 . . . . . . 114

´, ` a ¯ ˆ e, etc. (i.e., several accents per character) <, >, and | (instead of ¡, ¿, and —) ˆ and ˜ (or ∼) ￿

and ￿ ￿ and ￿

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115

8

A Table 1: L TEX 2ε Escapable “Special” Characters $ ∗ \$ % \% \_ ∗ } \} & \& # \# { \{ The underscore package redefines “_” to produce an underscore in text mode (i.. ligatures.2 Body-text symbols This section lists symbols that are intended for use in running text.. A Table 2: Predefined L TEX 2ε Text-mode Commands c ￿ ˆ ˜ ∗ \ | { } • © † ‡ $ . It’s generally preferable to use the corresponding symbol from Table 3 because the symbols in that table work properly in both text mode and math mode. 9 . ∗ \^{} and \~{} can be used instead of \textasciicircum and \textasciitilde. such as punctuation marks. the left one is the “faked” symbol that L TEX 2ε provides by default.e.. and the right one is the “true” symbol that textcomp makes available.. and the right one is the “true” symbol that textcomp makes available. £ \ddag \dots \pounds { } \{ \} A Where two symbols are present. accents. † A Table 3: L TEX 2ε Commands Defined to Work in Both Math and Text Mode $ ¶ § \$ \P \S c ￿ © † \_ \copyright \dag ‡ . See the discussion of “˜” on page 115. — – ¡ > \textasciicircum∗ \textasciitilde∗ \textasteriskcentered \textbackslash \textbar \textbraceleft† \textbraceright† \textbullet \textcopyright† \textdagger† \textdaggerdbl† \textdollar† \textellipsis† \textemdash \textendash \textexclamdown \textgreater a o r ￿ TM < ª º ¶ · ¿ “ ” ‘ ’ ® § £ ™ \textless \textordfeminine \textordmasculine \textparagraph† \textperiodcentered \textquestiondown \textquotedblleft \textquotedblright \textquoteleft \textquoteright \textregistered \textsection† \textsterling† \texttrademark \textunderscore† \textvisiblespace A Where two symbols are present.. the left one is the “faked” symbol that L TEX 2ε provides by default. and currency symbols. it makes it unnecessary to escape the underscore character).

Table 7: Letters Used to Typeset Vietnamese Ơ \OHORN ơ \ohorn Ư \UHORN ư \uhorn These characters all need the T5 font encoding. Table 9: pifont Decorative Punctuation Marks ❛ ❜ \ding{123} \ding{124} ❝ ❞ \ding{125} \ding{126} ❡ ❢ 10 \ding{161} \ding{162} ❣ \ding{163} . Table 8: Punctuation Marks Not Found in OT1 « » \guillemotleft \guillemotright ‹ › \guilsinglleft \guilsinglright „ ‚ \quotedblbase \quotesinglbase " \textquotedbl To get these symbols. which is provided by the vntex package. such as T1. ∗ \m{v} and \m{V} are synonyms for \m{u} and \m{U}. use the fontenc package to select an alternate font encoding. such as T1.Table 4: AMS Commands Defined to Work in Both Math and Text Mode ￿ \checkmark ￿ \circledR ￿ \maltese Table 5: Non-ASCII Letters (Excluding Accented Letters) ˚ a ˚ A Æ æ ∗ \aa \AA \AE \ae Ð ð Ð đ \DH∗ \dh∗ \DJ∗ \dj∗ L ￿ l ￿ Ŋ ŋ \L \l \NG∗ \ng∗ ø Ø Œ œ \o \O \OE \oe ß SS Þ þ \ss \SS \TH∗ \th∗ Not available in the OT1 font encoding. Table 6: Letters Used to Typeset African Languages \B{D} \B{d} \B{H} \B{h} \B{t} \B{T} \m{b} \m{B} \m{C} \m{c} \m{D} \M{d} \M{D} \m{d} \m{E} \m{e} \M{E} \M{e} \m{f} \m{F} \m{G} \m{g} \m{I} \m{i} \m{J} \m{j} \m{K} \m{k} \m{N} \m{n} \m{o} \m{O} \m{P} \m{p} \m{s} \m{S} \M{t} \M{T} \m{t} \m{T} \m{u}∗ \m{U}∗ \m{Y} \m{y} \m{z} \m{Z} \T{E} \T{e} \T{O} \T{o} These characters all need the T4 font encoding. Use the fontenc package to select an alternate font encoding. which is provided by the fc package.

ż # á ê Á â ä H Ê Î Ò Ó č É Ö ß Û K Ì ń : ş ę ű Ô ¡ M ñ ë Ð Í ŋ ř _ O % F | " ij ğ 7 \ 9 3 Q ź \textglotstop \texthalflength \texthardsign \texthooktop \texthtb \texthtbardotlessj \texthtc \texthtd \texthtg \texthth \texththeng \texthtk \texthtp \texthtq \texthtrtaild \texthtscg \texthtt \texthvlig \textinvglotstop \textinvscr \textiota \textlambda \textlengthmark \textlhookt \textlhtlongi \textlhtlongy \textlonglegr \textlptr \textltailm \textltailn \textltilde \textlyoghlig \textObardotlessj \textOlyoghlig \textomega \textopencorner \textopeno \textpalhook \textphi \textpipe \textprimstress \textraiseglotstop \textraisevibyi \textramshorns \textrevapostrophe \textreve \textrevepsilon \textrevglotstop \textrevyogh ï ó ù ú ü $ À à ď å Ë @ I ĺ Ï ð Œ ś ö A g V Ú Y ­ ž  tC Ù T þ £ ţ 5 ŕ 4 ľ Õ W î ô õ 6 Ø 2 û L U Ţ \textrtailn \textrtailr \textrtails \textrtailt \textrtailz \textrthook \textsca \textscb \textsce \textscg \textsch \textschwa \textsci \textscj \textscl \textscn \textscoelig \textscomega \textscr \textscripta \textscriptg \textscriptv \textscu \textscy \textsecstress \textsoftsign \textstretchc \texttctclig \textteshlig \texttheta \textthorn \texttoneletterstem \texttslig \textturna \textturncelig \textturnh \textturnk \textturnlonglegr \textturnm \textturnmrleg \textturnr \textturnrrtail \textturnscripta \textturnt \textturnv \textturnw \textturny \textupsilon \textupstep Å Ñ Æ Þ ^ ă ą g è Û ň 2 C ć ćý š J ő ť ťC ÿ ý dý S } = / { Ş Ť à dz E (continued on next page) 11 .Table 10: tipa Phonetic Symbols È b c d é g Ü 1 ł 8 Ý 0 ì B ò \textbabygamma \textbarb \textbarc \textbard \textbardotlessj \textbarg \textbarglotstop \textbari \textbarl \textbaro \textbarrevglotstop \textbaru \textbeltl \textbeta \textbullseye \textceltpal \textchi \textcloseepsilon \textcloseomega \textcloserevepsilon \textcommatailz \textcorner \textcrb \textcrd \textcrg \textcrh \textcrinvglotstop \textcrlambda \textcrtwo \textctc \textctd \textctdctzlig \textctesh \textctj \textctn \textctt \textcttctclig \textctyogh \textctz \textdctzlig \textdoublebaresh \textdoublebarpipe \textdoublebarslash \textdoublepipe \textdoublevertline \textdownstep \textdyoghlig \textdzlig \textepsilon P .

0 4 \textaolig \textbenttailyogh \textbktailgamma \textctinvglotstop \textctjvar \textctstretchc \textctstretchcvar \textctturnt \textdblig \textdoublebarpipevar \textdoublepipevar \textdownfullarrow \textfemale \textfrbarn \textfrhookd \textfrhookdvar \textfrhookt \textfrtailgamma \textglotstopvari \textglotstopvarii \textglotstopvariii \textgrgamma \textheng \texthmlig 3 . See the tipa documentation for more information. It also defines a command \tone for denoting tone letters (pitches). D 2 % & @ ) H G ˇ 7 5 ’ ( ? T U V .(continued from previous page) S R ě G Ů Ű \textesh \textfishhookr \textg \textgamma \textglobfall \textglobrise Ç Ä ~ ¿ ã í \textrhookrevepsilon \textrhookschwa \textrhoticity \textrptr \textrtaild \textrtaill Š ğ ů ￿ Z \textvertline \textvibyi \textvibyy \textwynn \textyogh tipa defines shortcut characters for many of the above. Table 11: tipx Phonetic Symbols " B . p ! I # < 1 > 6 9 ˆ ˜ F = ¨ ˚ v z ￿ * + : / \texthtbardotlessjvar \textinvomega \textinvsca \textinvscripta \textlfishhookrlig \textlhookfour \textlhookp \textlhti \textlooptoprevesh \textnrleg \textObullseye \textpalhooklong \textpalhookvar \textpipevar \textqplig \textrectangle \textretractingvar \textrevscl \textrevscr \textrhooka \textrhooke \textrhookepsilon \textrhookopeno \textrtailhth ´ q r s t w x y ˝ $ ˙ ¯ P Q R S E u { C A 8 ˘ \textrthooklong \textscaolig \textscdelta \textscf \textsck \textscm \textscp \textscq \textspleftarrow \textstretchcvar \textsubdoublearrow \textsubrightarrow \textthornvari \textthornvarii \textthornvariii \textthornvariv \textturnglotstop \textturnsck \textturnscu \textturnthree \textturntwo \textuncrfemale \textupfullarrow 12 .

Table 12: wsuipa Phonetic Symbols \babygamma \barb \bard \bari \barl \baro \barp \barsci \barscu \baru \clickb \clickc \clickt \closedniomega \closedrevepsilon \crossb \crossd \crossh \crossnilambda \curlyc \curlyesh \curlyyogh \curlyz \dlbari \dz \ejective \eng \er \esh \eth \flapr \glotstop \hookb \hookd \hookg \hookh \hookheng \hookrevepsilon \hv \inva \invf \invglotstop \invh \invlegr \invm \invr \invscr \invscripta \invv \invw \invy \ipagamma \labdentalnas \latfric \legm \legr \lz \nialpha \nibeta \nichi \niepsilon \nigamma \niiota \nilambda \niomega \niphi \nisigma \nitheta \niupsilon \nj \oo \openo \reve \reveject \revepsilon \revglotstop \scd \scg \schwa \sci \scn \scr \scripta \scriptg \scriptv \scu \scy \slashb \slashc \slashd \slashu \taild \tailinvr \taill \tailn \tailr \tails \tailt \tailz \tesh \thorn \tildel \yogh Table 13: wasysym Phonetic Symbols D ￿ Þ \DH \Thorn ￿ ￿ \dh \inve ￿ þ \openo \thorn Table 14: phonetic Phonetic Symbols \barj \barlambda \emgma \engma \enya \epsi \esh \eth \fj \flap \glottal \hausaB \hausab \hausad \hausaD \hausak \hausaK \hookd i ¯ ¯ h \ibar \openo \planck \pwedge \revD \riota \rotm \rotOmega \rotr \rotvara \rotw \roty \schwa \thorn \ubar \udesc \vara \varg \vari \varomega \varopeno \vod \voicedh \yogh v ˚ u 13 .

combine) letters and accents. 14 .{A}\. Table 16: semtrans Transliteration Symbols ￿ \Alif ￿ \Ayn Table 17: Text-mode Accents ¨a A¨ ´a A´ ˙a A ˙ ¯a A¯ ˆa Aˆ \"{A}\"{a} \’{A}\’{a} \. Font encodings other than OT1 and newer versions of L TEX properly typeset “na\"{i}ve” as “na¨ ıve”. “ı” and “”). provided by the vntex package. while “na\"{i}ve” yields the rather odd-looking “na¨ ive” when using the OT1 font encoding and older A A versions of L TEX.. ￿￿ ˝a A˝ Ąą \d{A}\d{a} \G{A}\G{a}‡ \h{A}\h{a}§ \H{A}\H{a} \k{A}\k{a}† ˚ A˚ a ￿a A ￿ ˘ A˘ a ˇa Aˇ \r{A}\r{a} \t{A}\t{a} \u{A}\u{a} \U{A}\U{a}‡ \v{A}\v{a} \newtie{A}\newtie{a}∗ \textcircled{A}\textcircled{a} Requires the textcomp package..e.{a} \={A}\={a} \^{A}\^{a} ￿a ￿ A ∗ † ‡ § `a A` ˜a A˜ Aa ¯¯ A ¸a ¸ \‘{A}\‘{a} \|{A}\|{a}‡ \~{A}\~{a} \b{A}\b{a} \c{A}\c{a} A￿ a ￿ A . Use the fontenc package to select an alternate font encoding.Table 15: t4phonet Phonetic Symbols \textcrd \textcrh \textepsilon \textesh \textfjlig \texthtb \texthtc \texthtd \texthtk \texthtp \texthtt \textiota \textltailn \textopeno \textpipe \textrtaild \textrtailt \textschwa \textscriptv \textteshlig \textyogh The idea behind the t4phonet package’s phonetic symbols is to provide an interface to some of the characters in the T4 font encoding (Table 6 on page 10) but using the same names as the tipa characters presented in Table 10 on page 11. Also note the existence of \i and \j. For example. “na\"{\i}ve” always produces a correct “na¨ ıve”. Requires the T4 font encoding. Requires the T5 font encoding. such as T1. These are useful when the accent is supposed to replace the dot in encodings that need to composite (i. which produce dotless versions of “i” and “j” (viz. Not available in the OT1 font encoding. provided by the fc package.a .

Table 18: tipa Text-mode Accents ´ ¯´ A a ¯ ´ ˇ A´ a ˇ A ffia ffi A a << ˘ ¯¯ ˘ A a Ż AŻ a ˆ ˙ Aˆ a ˙ §§ A a ˙˘ ˘ ˙ A a ‚‚ A a İ Aİ a ŽŽ A a đđ A a ` ¯ A` a ¯ ŹŹ A a A „a „ A fla fl Ÿ AŸ a ‰‰ A —a — Aa A ˛a ˛ A fia fi A ffla ffl ˚ ¯˚ A a ¯ ““ A a A ￿a ￿ Aa ›› Aa ““ Aa ¯¯ A ”a ” Aa ˆˆ Aa ˙˙ Aa ‹‹ A –a – A a ffff \textacutemacron{A}\textacutemacron{a} \textacutewedge{A}\textacutewedge{a} \textadvancing{A}\textadvancing{a} \textbottomtiebar{A}\textbottomtiebar{a} \textbrevemacron{A}\textbrevemacron{a} \textcircumacute{A}\textcircumacute{a} \textcircumdot{A}\textcircumdot{a} \textdotacute{A}\textdotacute{a} \textdotbreve{A}\textdotbreve{a} \textdoublegrave{A}\textdoublegrave{a} \textdoublevbaraccent{A}\textdoublevbaraccent{a} \textgravecircum{A}\textgravecircum{a} \textgravedot{A}\textgravedot{a} \textgravemacron{A}\textgravemacron{a} \textgravemid{A}\textgravemid{a} \textinvsubbridge{A}\textinvsubbridge{a} \textlowering{A}\textlowering{a} \textmidacute{A}\textmidacute{a} \textovercross{A}\textovercross{a} \textoverw{A}\textoverw{a} \textpolhook{A}\textpolhook{a} \textraising{A}\textraising{a} \textretracting{A}\textretracting{a} \textringmacron{A}\textringmacron{a} \textroundcap{A}\textroundcap{a} \textseagull{A}\textseagull{a} \textsubacute{A}\textsubacute{a} \textsubarch{A}\textsubarch{a} \textsubbar{A}\textsubbar{a} \textsubbridge{A}\textsubbridge{a} \textsubcircum{A}\textsubcircum{a} \textsubdot{A}\textsubdot{a} \textsubgrave{A}\textsubgrave{a} \textsublhalfring{A}\textsublhalfring{a} \textsubplus{A}\textsubplus{a} \textsubrhalfring{A}\textsubrhalfring{a} \textsubring{A}\textsubring{a} \textsubsquare{A}\textsubsquare{a} \textsubtilde{A}\textsubtilde{a} \textsubumlaut{A}\textsubumlaut{a} A »a » Aa ˚˚ A «a « Aa ˜˜ Aa ¨¨ (continued on next page) 15 .

˜˜ A a ˜˜ A a A a ˇ»ˇ» A »a» ˚˚ A –ˇ–a ˇ A – –a ” ” ˚˚ Aa A – –a ˇ» ˇ» \bibridge{A}\bibridge{a} \crtilde{A}\crtilde{a} \dottedtilde{A}\dottedtilde{a} \doubletilde{A}\doubletilde{a} \finpartvoice{A}\finpartvoice{a} \finpartvoiceless{A}\finpartvoiceless{a} \inipartvoice{A}\inipartvoice{a} \inipartvoiceless{A}\inipartvoiceless{a} \overbridge{A}\overbridge{a} \partvoice{A}\partvoice{a} A – » –a» ˚˚ A¯ a ¯ A a ˙˙ Aa ^^ Aa ¯¯ Aa "" "" Aa ¡¡ Aa ¿¿ A a Ţ Ţ \partvoiceless{A}\partvoiceless{a} \sliding{A}\sliding{a} \spreadlips{A}\spreadlips{a} \subcorner{A}\subcorner{a} \subdoublebar{A}\subdoublebar{a} \subdoublevert{A}\subdoublevert{a} \sublptr{A}\sublptr{a} \subrptr{A}\subrptr{a} \whistle{A}\whistle{a} Table 20: wsuipa Text-mode Accents Aa Aa \dental{A}\dental{a} \underarch{A}\underarch{a} Table 21: phonetic Text-mode Accents Aa Aa ˚˚ Aa \hill{A}\hill{a} \od{A}\od{a} \ohill{A}\ohill{a} Aa Aa A a .. \upbar is intended to go between characters as in “x\upbar{}y’’ → “x y”. for example. Table 19: extraipa Text-mode Accents ”” A ”a ” Ŕ Ŕ ˜˜ A a . . Contrast “p\uplett{h}’’ → “ph ” with “p\textsuperscript{h}’’ → “ph ”. \acbar and \acarc compose characters with multiple accents. . \labvel joins ￿ two characters with an arc: \labvel{mn} → “mn”. 16 ..(continued from previous page) A —a — Aa ˇˇ A a && Aa " " ˜ ˙˜ A a ˙ >> Aa IJIJ A a \textsubw{A}\textsubw{a} \textsubwedge{A}\textsubwedge{a} \textsuperimposetilde{A}\textsuperimposetilde{a} \textsyllabic{A}\textsyllabic{a} \texttildedot{A}\texttildedot{a} \texttoptiebar{A}\texttoptiebar{a} \textvbaraccent{A}\textvbaraccent{a} tipa defines shortcut sequences for many of the above.. . \rc{A}\rc{a} \syl{A}\syl{a} \td{A}\td{a} Aa ˜˜ \ut{A}\ut{a} The phonetic package provides a few additional macros for linguistic accents. ¯ ¯ \acbar{\’}{a} produces “´ a” and \acarc{\"}{e} produces “¨ e”. Lastly. See the tipa documentation for more information. \uplett behaves like \textsuperscript but uses a smaller font.

Aa ˘˘ \U{A}\U{a} \T{A}\T{a}∗ \T is not actually an accent but a command that rotates its argument 180° using the graphicx package’s \rotatebox command. Table 26: ogonek Accents \k{A}\k{a} Table 27: combelow Accents \cb{A}\cb{a} \cb places a comma above letters with descenders. Table 24: arcs Text-mode Accents ￿￿ Aa \overarc{A}\overarc{a} ￿ ￿ Aa \underarc{A}\underarc{a} The accents shown above scale only to a few characters wide.Table 22: metre Text-mode Accents ´a A ´ ˘a A ˘ ˜a A ˜ ¨ Aa ¨ `a A ` ¯a A ¯ \acutus{A}\acutus{a} \breve{A}\breve{a} \circumflexus{A}\circumflexus{a} \diaeresis{A}\diaeresis{a} \gravis{A}\gravis{a} \macron{A}\macron{a} Table 23: t4phonet Text-mode Accents \textdoublegrave{A}\textdoublegrave{a} \textvbaraccent{A}\textvbaraccent{a} \textdoublevbaraccent{A}\textdoublevbaraccent{a} The idea behind the t4phonet package’s text-mode accents is to provide an interface to some of the accents in the T4 font encoding (accents marked with “‡” in Table 17 on page 14) but using the same names as the tipa accents presented in Table 18 on page 15.a . See the arcs documentation for more information. “s . ”. Table 25: semtrans Accents Aa ¨¨ \D{A}\D{a} aA A ￿a ￿ A . “\cb{g}” produces “g 17 . An optional macro argument alters the effective width of the accented characters. Hence. while “\cb{s}” produces ‘ ”.

Charter (€). not as accents. \diatop[\overring|a] produces “ a ”. See the wsuipa documentation for more information. and \diaunder[\underdots|a] produces “a”. and the marvosym digits listed in Table 197 (\EURdig). not as accents. Times Roman (\EURtm). or Garamond (€). Table 31: marvosym Currency Symbols ¢ ￿ \Denarius \Ecommerce e d \EUR \EURcr D c \EURdig \EURhv e ¦ \EURtm \EyesDollar £ ¡ \Pfund \Shilling The different euro signs are meant to be visually compatible with different fonts— Courier (\EURcr).Table 28: wsuipa Diacritics \ain \corner \downp \downt \halflength \leftp \leftt \length \midtilde \open \overring \polishhook \rightp \rightt \secstress \stress \syllabic \underdots \underring \undertilde \underwedge \upp \upt The wsuipa package defines all of the above as ordinary characters. However. Table 30: textcomp Currency Symbols ￿ ¢ ￿ ₡ ¤ \textbaht \textcent \textcentoldstyle \textcolonmonetary \textcurrency ∗ $ ￿ ₫ € ƒ \textdollar∗ \textdollaroldstyle \textdong \texteuro \textflorin ￿ ₤ ￿ ￿ £ \textguarani \textlira \textnaira \textpeso \textsterling∗ ￿ ¥ \textwon \textyen It’s generally preferable to use the corresponding symbol from Table 3 on page 9 because the symbols in that table work properly in both text mode and math mode. which are used to compose diacritics with other characters. Table 29: textcomp Diacritics ￿ ￿ ￿ \textacutedbl \textasciiacute \textasciibreve ￿ ￿ ￿ \textasciicaron \textasciidieresis \textasciigrave ￿ ￿ \textasciimacron \textgravedbl The textcomp package defines all of the above as ordinary characters. it does provide \diatop and \diaunder commands. Table 32: wasysym Currency Symbols ¢ \cent ¤ 18 \currency . For example. Helvetica (\EURhv). The mathdesign package redefines \texteuro to be visually compatible with one of three additional fonts: Utopia (€).

The \geneuro. .uk/cgi-bin/texfaq2html?label=tradesyms for solur” tions to common problems that occur when using these symbols (e. \officialeuro— based on a eurosym package option. the left one is the “faked” symbol that L TEX 2ε provides by default.ac.tex. and the right one is the “true” symbol that textcomp makes available.g. getting a “￿ when you expected to get a “®”). Table 36: fourier Euro Signs ￿ \eurologo € \texteuro Table 37: textcomp Legal Symbols ￿ ￿ \textcircledP \textcopyleft c ￿ r ￿ © ® \textcopyright \textregistered TM ￿ ™ \textservicemark \texttrademark A Where two symbols are present. characters are generated from the current body font’s “C” character and therefore may not appear exactly as shown. \ 19 .Table 33: C A2e Currency Symbols hin \Euro \Pound Table 34: teubner Currency Symbols Ε ￿ \denarius \dracma Α ￿ \hemiobelion \stater Β \tetartemorion Table 35: eurosym Euro Signs A C \geneuro B C \geneuronarrow C \geneurowide e \officialeuro \euro is automatically mapped to one of the above—by default. .. See http://www. Table 38: cclicenses Creative Commons License Icons C CC ￿ \cc ∗ BY: ￿ \ccby $ ￿ \ccnc∗ = ￿ \ccnd ￿ \ccsa∗ These symbols utilize the rotating package and therefore display improperly in some DVI viewers. See the eurosym documentation for more information.

Table 39: textcomp Old-style Numerals ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \textzerooldstyle \textoneoldstyle \texttwooldstyle \textthreeoldstyle ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \textfouroldstyle \textfiveoldstyle \textsixoldstyle \textsevenoldstyle ￿ ￿ \texteightoldstyle \textnineoldstyle Rather than use the bulky \textoneoldstyle. consider using \oldstylenums{. Table 40: Miscellaneous textcomp Symbols ∗ ￿ ○ ￿ ¦ • † ‡ ￿ ￿ ￿ ℮ ￿ ￿ ♪ № ◦ \textasteriskcentered \textbardbl \textbigcircle \textblank \textbrokenbar \textbullet \textdagger∗ \textdaggerdbl∗ \textdblhyphen \textdblhyphenchar \textdiscount \textestimated \textinterrobang \textinterrobangdown \textmusicalnote \textnumero \textopenbullet a o ª º ¶ · ￿ ‰ ￿ ' ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ §  ￿ ￿ \textordfeminine \textordmasculine \textparagraph∗ \textperiodcentered \textpertenthousand \textperthousand \textpilcrow \textquotesingle \textquotestraightbase \textquotestraightdblbase \textrecipe \textreferencemark \textsection∗ \textthreequartersemdash \texttildelow \texttwelveudash A Where two symbols are present. the left one is the “faked” symbol that L TEX 2ε provides by default. . etc.} to typeset an old-style number. ∗ It’s generally preferable to use the corresponding symbol from Table 3 on page 9 because the symbols in that table work properly in both text mode and math mode. commands shown above. and the right one is the “true” symbol that textcomp makes available. \texttwooldstyle. Table 41: Miscellaneous wasysym Text-mode Symbols ￿ \permil 20 . .

Although there have been many requests on comp. . def “≡” (\equiv). See also the ￿ example of \equalsfill on page 108. Common candidates include “￿” (\triangleq).. Similarly. discussions on comp.tex have revealed that there are a variety of ways to indicate the mathematical notion of “is defined as”.$. That is. and “ =” (\stackrel{\text{\tiny def}}{=}). Because of the lack of notational consensus. . “⇒⇐” (\Rightarrow\Leftarrow). pxfonts. · ” (\dotcup). “￿” (various 1 ).text. it is probably better to spell out “Contradiction!” than to use a symbol for this purpose.text. and possibly shorter still when used in various levels of superscripts or subscripts. they yield a “Missing $ inserted” error message if not used within $. of the symbols in this section are math-mode only.tex for a contradiction symbol. . Depending upon the context. “￿” (\nleftrightarrow). Look there first if you need a symbol for a transform. Table 43: cmll Unary Operators ! ˜ \oc∗ \shift ˆ ´ \shneg \shpos ? \wn∗ ∗ \oc and \wn differ from “!” and “?” in terms of their math-mode spacing: $A=!B$ produces “A =!B ”. Table 42: Math-Mode Versions of Text Symbols $ . for example. or any of a number of other symbols. 2 Bob Tennent listed these and other disjoint-union symbol possibilities in a November 2007 post to comp. \mathdollar \mathellipsis ¶ § \mathparagraph \mathsection £ \mathsterling \mathunderscore It’s generally preferable to use the corresponding symbol from Table 3 on page 9 because the symbols in that table work properly in both text mode and math mode. disjoint union may be represented as “ ” (\coprod).2 Finally.g. \[. 21 . but not all. Alphanumeric symbols (e. including “ ” (\blitza). and by some people as “￿x” or “∅x” (\diameter x or \varnothing x). “∪ value of a variable x is written by some people as “x” (\overline{x}).text. number set. Operators marked as “variable-sized” are taller in displayed formulas. or some other alphanumeric. while $A=\oc B$ produces “A = !B ”. “⊕” (\oplus).3 Mathematical symbols Most.tex.. . the ensuing discussion invariably reveals innumerable ways to represent contradiction in a proof. “⊥” (\bot). shorter in in-text formulas. the average “￿” (\sqcup).\].. “L ” and “￿”) are usually produced using one of the math alphabets in Table 213 rather than with an explicit symbol command. and mathtools the symbol is called \coloneqq. The moral of the story is that you should be careful always to explain your notation to avoid confusing your readers. In mathabx and MnSymbol it’s called \coloneq. by some people as “￿x￿” (\langle x \rangle). 1 In txfonts. and “￿” (\textreferencemark). or another math-mode environment. In colonequals it’s called \colonequals.

txfonts. Table 46: stmaryrd Binary Operators ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \baro \bbslash \binampersand \bindnasrepma \boxast \boxbar \boxbox \boxbslash \boxcircle \boxdot \boxempty \boxslash \curlyveedownarrow \curlyveeuparrow \curlywedgedownarrow \curlywedgeuparrow \fatbslash \fatsemi \fatslash ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \interleave \leftslice \merge \minuso \moo \nplus \obar \oblong \obslash \ogreaterthan \olessthan \ovee \owedge \rightslice \sslash \talloblong \varbigcirc \varcurlyvee \varcurlywedge 22 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \varoast \varobar \varobslash \varocircle \varodot \varogreaterthan \varolessthan \varominus \varoplus \varoslash \varotimes \varovee \varowedge \vartimes \Ydown \Yleft \Yright \Yup . amssymb. (See the May 2009 comp.tex thread. or wasysym. T.) \top (Table 139 on page 51). “AT ”. and \mathsf{T} are other popular choices: “A￿ ”. ⊼ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∗ \barwedge \boxdot \boxminus \boxplus \boxtimes \Cap \centerdot \circledast Table 45: AMS Binary Operators ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \circledcirc \circleddash \Cup \curlyvee \curlywedge \divideontimes \dotplus \doublebarwedge ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \intercal∗ \leftthreetimes \ltimes \rightthreetimes \rtimes \smallsetminus \veebar Some people use a superscripted \intercal for matrix transpose: “A^\intercal” ￿→ “A￿ ”. “raising math symbols”. for suggestions about altering the height of the superscript.Table 44: Binary Operators ￿ ∗ ￿ ￿ ￿ • ∩ · ◦ ∗ \amalg \ast \bigcirc \bigtriangledown \bigtriangleup \bullet \cap \cdot \circ ∪ † ‡ ￿ ÷ ￿ ∓ ⊙ ￿ \cup \dagger \ddagger \diamond \div \lhd∗ \mp \odot \ominus ⊕ ￿ ⊗ ± ￿ \ ￿ ￿ ￿ \oplus \oslash \otimes \pm \rhd∗ \setminus \sqcap \sqcup \star × ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∨ ∧ ￿ \times \triangleleft \triangleright \unlhd∗ \unrhd∗ \uplus \vee \wedge \wr A Not predefined in L TEX 2ε . pxfonts. “AT ”. amsfonts. Use one of the packages latexsym.text.

not a binary operator. \bigast produces a large-operator version of the \Asterisk binary operator.Table 47: wasysym Binary Operators ￿ ￿ \lhd \LHD ￿ ￿ \ocircle \rhd ￿ ￿ \RHD \unlhd ￿ \unrhd Table 48: txfonts/pxfonts Binary Operators ￿ ￿ ￿ \circledbar \circledbslash \circledvee ￿ ￿ ￿ \circledwedge \invamp \medbullet ￿ ￿ ￿ \medcirc \sqcapplus \sqcupplus Table 49: mathabx Binary Operators \ast \Asterisk \barwedge \bigstar \bigvarstar \blackdiamond \cap \circplus \coasterisk \coAsterisk \convolution \cup \curlyvee \curlywedge \divdot \divideontimes \dotdiv \dotplus \dottimes \doublebarwedge \doublecap \doublecup \ltimes \pluscirc \rtimes \sqbullet \sqcap \sqcup \sqdoublecap \sqdoublecup \square \squplus \udot \uplus \varstar \vee \veebar \veedoublebar \wedge Many of the above glyphs go by multiple names. Similarly. Table 50: MnSymbol Binary Operators ￿ ∗ ￿ ￿ ● ∩ ￿ ￿ ⋅ ○ \amalg \ast \backslashdiv \bowtie \bullet \cap \capdot \capplus \cdot \circ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∵ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \doublesqcup \doublevee \doublewedge \downtherefore \downY \dtimes \fivedots \hbipropto \hdotdot \lefthalfcap ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \righttherefore \rightthreetimes \rightY \rtimes \slashdiv \smallprod \sqcap \sqcapdot \sqcapplus \sqcup (continued on next page) 23 . and \ast is equivalent to *. \centerdot is equivalent to \sqbullet. but as an ordinary symbol. and \bigcoast produces a large-operator version of the \coAsterisk binary operator. \asterisk produces the same glyph as \ast.

while $A \with B$ produces “A & B ”. for example. and.(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ∪ ￿ ￿ ⋎ ￿ ⋏ ￿ ￿ ￿ ÷ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \closedcurlyvee \closedcurlywedge \cup \cupdot \cupplus \curlyvee \curlyveedot \curlywedge \curlywedgedot \ddotdot \diamonddots \div \dotmedvert \dotminus \doublecap \doublecup \doublecurlyvee \doublecurlywedge \doublesqcap ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ◯ ∕ ￿ ￿ − ￿ ∓ ￿ ￿ + ± ￿ ￿ \lefthalfcup \lefttherefore \leftthreetimes \leftY \ltimes \medbackslash \medcircle \medslash \medvert \medvertdot \minus \minusdot \mp \neswbipropto \nwsebipropto \plus \pm \righthalfcap \righthalfcup ￿ ￿ ∷ × ￿ ∴ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∶ ∨ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∧ ￿ ￿ \sqcupdot \sqcupplus \squaredots \times \udotdot \uptherefore \upY \utimes \vbipropto \vdotdot \vee \veedot \vertbowtie \vertdiv \wedge \wedgedot \wreath MnSymbol defines \setminus and \smallsetminus as synonyms \medbackslash. \wr as a synonym \wreath. \shortmid as a synonym for \medvert. Table 53: shuffle Binary Operators \cshuffle \shuffle Table 54: ulsy Geometric Binary Operators \odplus 24 . \uplus as a synonym \cupplus. \Join as a synonym for \bowtie. Table 52: cmll Binary Operators ` ∗ \parr & \with∗ \with differs from “&” in terms of its math-mode spacing: $A \& B$ produces “A&B ”. \Cup as a synonym for \doublecup. \Cap as a synonym \doublecap. for for for for Table 51: mathdesign Binary Operators ￿ \dtimes ￿ \udtimes ￿ \utimes The mathdesign package additionally provides versions of each of the binary operators shown in Table 45 on page 22.

and. \square and \Box as synonyms for \medsquare. \circledast as a synonym for \oast. \diamond as a synonym for \smalldiamond.Table 55: mathabx Geometric Binary Operators \blacktriangledown \blacktriangleleft \blacktriangleright \blacktriangleup \boxasterisk \boxbackslash \boxbot \boxcirc \boxcoasterisk \boxdiv \boxdot \boxleft \boxminus \boxplus \boxright \boxslash \boxtimes \boxtop \boxtriangleup \boxvoid \oasterisk \obackslash \obot \ocirc \ocoasterisk \odiv \odot \oleft \ominus \oplus \oright \oslash \otimes \otop \otriangleup \ovoid \smalltriangledown \smalltriangleleft \smalltriangleright \smalltriangleup ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ◆ ￿ Table 56: MnSymbol Geometric Binary Operators \boxbackslash \boxbox \boxdot \boxminus \boxplus \boxslash \boxtimes \boxvert \diamondbackslash \diamonddiamond \diamonddot \diamondminus \diamondplus \diamondslash \diamondtimes \diamondvert \downslice \filleddiamond \filledmedsquare ▼ ◀ ▶ ▲ ￿ ★ ￿ ￿ ￿ ▴ ￿ ￿ ￿ ▽ ◁ ▷ △ ￿ ￿ \filledmedtriangledown \filledmedtriangleleft \filledmedtriangleright \filledmedtriangleup \filledsquare \filledstar \filledtriangledown \filledtriangleleft \filledtriangleright \filledtriangleup \meddiamond \medsquare \medstar \medtriangledown \medtriangleleft \medtriangleright \medtriangleup \oast \obackslash ￿ ⊙ ⊖ ⊕ ￿ ￿ ⊗ ￿ ￿ ￿ ◇ ￿ ☆ ▿ ◃ ▹ ▵ ￿ ￿ \ocirc \odot \ominus \oplus \oslash \ostar \otimes \otriangle \overt \pentagram \smalldiamond \smallsquare \smallstar \smalltriangledown \smalltriangleleft \smalltriangleright \smalltriangleup \thinstar \upslice MnSymbol defines \blacksquare as a synonym for \filledmedsquare. \circleddash as a synonym for \ominus. \circledcirc as a synonym for \ocirc. \star as a synonym for \thinstar. ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿￿ ￿￿ Table 57: Variable-sized Math Operators ￿￿ ￿￿ \bigcap \bigotimes \bigwedge ￿ ￿ ￿￿ \bigcup \bigsqcup \coprod ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \bigodot \biguplus \int ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \bigoplus \bigvee \oint 25 ￿￿ \prod \sum ￿￿ . \Diamond as a synonym for \meddiamond.

the default A L TEX \int glyph (as shown in Table 57) is used. ∗ † Not defined when wasysym is passed the integrals option.Table 58: AMS Variable-sized Math Operators ￿￿ ￿￿￿ ￿￿ ￿￿￿ \iint \iiint ￿￿￿￿ ￿￿￿￿ \iiiint ￿ ··· ￿ ￿ ··· ￿ \idotsint ￿￿ ￿￿ ￿￿ Table 59: stmaryrd Variable-sized Math ￿ ￿ \bigbox \biginterleave ￿ ￿ \bigcurlyvee \bignplus ￿ ￿ \bigcurlywedge \bigparallel Operators ￿￿ \bigsqcap ￿ ￿ \bigtriangledown ￿ ￿ \bigtriangleup Table 60: wasysym Variable-sized Math Operators ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \int † ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \iint \varoint∗ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \iiint \oiint \varint∗ None of the preceding symbols are defined when wasysym is passed the nointegrals option. Defined only when wasysym is passed the integrals option. Otherwise. Table 61: mathabx Variable-sized Math Operators \bigcurlyvee \bigsqcap \bigcurlywedge \bigboxasterisk \bigboxslash \bigboxtimes \bigboxtop \bigboxtriangleup \bigoright \bigoslash \bigotop \bigotriangleup (continued on next page) 26 .

(continued from previous page) \bigboxbackslash \bigboxbot \bigboxcirc \bigboxcoasterisk \bigboxdiv \bigboxdot \bigboxleft \bigboxminus \bigboxplus \bigboxright \bigboxvoid \bigcomplementop \bigoasterisk \bigobackslash \bigobot \bigocirc \bigocoasterisk \bigodiv \bigoleft \bigominus \bigovoid \bigplus \bigsquplus \bigtimes \iiint \iint \int \oiint \oint Table 62: txfonts/pxfonts Variable-sized Math Operators ￿ ￿ ￿ \bigsqcapplus \bigsqcupplus \fint \idotsint \iiiint \iiint ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \sqint \varoiiintclockwise \ointctrclockwise \sqiiint \sqiint \ointclockwise ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ (continued on next page) 27 .

(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \oiint \oiintctrclockwise \oiintclockwise \oiiint \oiiintctrclockwise \oiiintclockwise \iint ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \varoiiintctrclockwise \varoiintclockwise \varoiintctrclockwise \varointclockwise \varointctrclockwise \varprod Table 63: esint Variable-sized Math Operators ¯ ffl ˇ ˝ ˜ % # ‚ ˘ ˚ ¨ & $ ‹ ˙ \dotsint \fint \iiiint \iiint \iint \landdownint \landupint \oiint ı ￿ ” › ! ff fl  ‰ „ “ " fi ffi \ointclockwise \ointctrclockwise \sqiint \sqint \varoiint \varointclockwise \varointctrclockwise 28 .

Table 64: MnSymbol Variable-sized Math Operators ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \bigcap \bigcapdot \bigcapplus \bigcircle \bigcup \bigcupdot \bigcupplus∗ \bigcurlyvee \bigcurlyveedot \bigcurlywedge \bigcurlywedgedot \bigdoublecurlyvee \bigdoublecurlywedge \bigdoublevee \bigdoublewedge \bigoast \bigobackslash \bigocirc \bigodot \bigominus \bigoplus \bigoslash \bigostar \bigotimes \bigotriangle \bigovert \bigplus \bigsqcap \bigsqcapdot \bigsqcapplus \bigsqcup \bigsqcupdot \bigsqcupplus \bigtimes \bigvee \bigveedot \bigwedge \bigwedgedot \complement \coprod \idotsint \iiiint \iiint \iint \int \landdownint \landupint \lcircleleftint \lcirclerightint \oiint \oint \prod \rcircleleftint \rcirclerightint \strokedint \sum \sumint ￿ ￿ ￿ ∫ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∏ ￿ ￿ ∑ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∗ MnSymbol defines \biguplus as a synonym for \bigcupplus. 29 .

or wasysym. ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∵ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \approxeq \backepsilon \backsim \backsimeq \because \between \Bumpeq \bumpeq \circeq \curlyeqprec \curlyeqsucc \doteqdot Table 68: AMS Binary Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \eqcirc \fallingdotseq \multimap \pitchfork \precapprox \preccurlyeq \precsim \risingdotseq \shortmid \shortparallel \smallfrown \smallsmile 30 ￿ ￿ ￿ ∴ ≈ ∼ ∝ ￿ ￿ ￿ \succapprox \succcurlyeq \succsim \therefore \thickapprox \thicksim \varpropto \Vdash \vDash \Vvdash . amsfonts. txfonts. L TEX typesets the two with different surrounding spacing. Contrast “P(A | B)” ￿→ “P (A|B )” with “P(A \mid B)” ￿→ “P (A | B )”. † The difference between \mid and | is that the former is a binary relation while A the latter is a math ordinal. Use one of the packages latexsym. ￿ ￿ of every symbol—to accompany different text fonts: Utopia ( ).Table 65: mathdesign Variable-sized Math Operators ￿ ￿ \intclockwise \oiiint \oiint ￿ ￿ ￿ \ointclockwise \ointctrclockwise ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ The mathdesign package provides three versions of each integral—in fact. Table 66: cmll Large Math Operators ˙ \bigparr ˘ \bigwith Table 67: Binary Relations ≈ ￿ ￿￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∗ \approx \asymp \bowtie \cong \dashv \doteq ≡ ￿ ￿ | |= ￿ \equiv \frown \Join∗ \mid† \models \parallel ⊥ ≺ ￿ ∝ ∼ ￿ \perp \prec \preceq \propto \sim \simeq ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \smile \succ \succeq \vdash A Not predefined in L TEX 2ε . mathabx. Consequently. and ￿ Charter ( ). amssymb. pxfonts. Garamond ( ).

Table 73: txfonts/pxfonts Negated Binary Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \napproxeq \nasymp \nbacksim \nbacksimeq \nbumpeq \nBumpeq \nequiv \nprecapprox ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \npreccurlyeq \npreceqq \nprecsim \nsimeq \nsuccapprox \nsucccurlyeq \nsucceqq \nsuccsim 31 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nthickapprox \ntwoheadleftarrow \ntwoheadrightarrow \nvarparallel \nvarparallelinv \nVdash .￿ ￿ ∦ ⊀ ￿ ￿ \ncong \nmid \nparallel \nprec \npreceq \nshortmid Table 69: AMS Negated Binary Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nshortparallel \nsim \nsucc \nsucceq \nvDash \nvdash ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nVDash \precnapprox \precnsim \succnapprox \succnsim Table 70: stmaryrd Binary Relations ￿ \inplus ￿ \niplus Table 71: wasysym Binary Relations ￿ ￿ \invneg \Join ￿ ￿ \leadsto \logof ￿ \wasypropto Table 72: txfonts/pxfonts Binary Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∗ \circledgtr \circledless \colonapprox \Colonapprox \coloneq \Coloneq \Coloneqq \coloneqq∗ \Colonsim \colonsim \Eqcolon \eqcolon \eqqcolon \Eqqcolon \eqsim ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lJoin \lrtimes \multimap \multimapboth \multimapbothvert \multimapdot \multimapdotboth \multimapdotbothA \multimapdotbothAvert \multimapdotbothB \multimapdotbothBvert \multimapdotbothvert \multimapdotinv \multimapinv \openJoin ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∥ ￿ ￿ \opentimes \Perp \preceqq \precneqq \rJoin \strictfi \strictif \strictiff \succeqq \succneqq \varparallel \varparallelinv \VvDash As an alternative to using txfonts/pxfonts. a “:=” symbol can be constructed with “\mathrel{\mathop:}=”.

“$a \not= b$” can be made to produce either “a = b” or “a = b”.Table 74: mathabx Binary Relations \between \botdoteq \Bumpedeq \bumpedeq \circeq \coloneq \corresponds \curlyeqprec \curlyeqsucc \DashV \Dashv \dashVv \divides \dotseq \eqbumped \eqcirc \eqcolon \fallingdotseq \ggcurly \llcurly \precapprox \preccurlyeq \precdot \precsim \risingdotseq \succapprox \succcurlyeq \succdot \succsim \therefore \topdoteq \vDash \Vdash \VDash \Vvdash Table 75: mathabx Negated Binary Relations \napprox \ncong \ncurlyeqprec \ncurlyeqsucc \nDashv \ndashV \ndashv \nDashV \ndashVv \neq \notasymp \notdivides \notequiv \notperp \nprec \nprecapprox \npreccurlyeq \npreceq \nprecsim \nsim \nsimeq \nsucc \nsuccapprox \nsucccurlyeq \nsucceq \nsuccsim \nvDash \nVDash \nVdash \nvdash \nVvash \precnapprox \precneq \precnsim \succnapprox \succneq \succnsim The \changenotsign command toggles the behavior of \not to produce either a vertical or a diagonal slash through a binary operator. Thus. Table 76: MnSymbol Binary Relations ≈ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \approx \approxeq \backapprox \backapproxeq \backcong \backeqsim \backsim \backsimeq \backtriplesim \between ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ = ￿ ≡ ￿ ￿ ￿ \eqbump \eqcirc \eqdot \eqsim \equal \equalclosed \equiv \equivclosed \fallingdotseq \hateq ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nwfootline \nwfree \nwmodels \nwModels \nwsecrossing \nwseline \Nwseline \nwvdash \nwVdash \prec ￿ ￿ ∼ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \seVdash \shortparallel \sim \simeq \succ \succapprox \succcurlyeq \succeq \succsim \swfootline (continued on next page) 32 .

(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∶= ≅ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \bumpeq \Bumpeq \circeq \closedequal \closedprec \closedsucc \coloneq \cong \curlyeqprec \curlyeqsucc \doteq \Doteq \downfootline \downfree \downmodels \downModels \downpropto \downvdash \downVdash MnSymbol additionally defines synonyms for some of the preceding symbols: ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∥ ⊥ ∝ ￿ ￿ ∝ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \dashv \diagdown \diagup \divides \doteqdot \models \parallel \perp \propto \relbar \Relbar \varpropto \vDash \VDash \vdash \Vdash (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same as as as as as as as as as as as as as as as as \leftvdash) \nwseline) \neswline) \updownline) \Doteq) \rightmodels) \Updownline) \upvdash) \leftpropto) \leftrightline) \Leftrightline) \leftpropto) \rightmodels) \rightModels) \rightvdash) \rightVdash) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∝ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \hcrossing \leftfootline \leftfree \leftmodels \leftModels \leftpropto \leftrightline \Leftrightline \leftslice \leftvdash \leftVdash \nefootline \nefree \nemodels \neModels \neswline \Neswline \nevdash \neVdash ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \precapprox \preccurlyeq \preceq \precsim \rightfootline \rightfree \rightmodels \rightModels \rightpropto \rightslice \rightvdash \rightVdash \risingdotseq \sefootline \sefree \semodels \seModels \separated \sevdash ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∣ ∥ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⊥ ￿ ￿ ￿ \swfree \swmodels \swModels \swvdash \swVdash \triplesim \updownline \Updownline \upfootline \upfree \upmodels \upModels \uppropto \upvdash \upVdash \vcrossing \Vvdash Table 77: MnSymbol Negated Binary Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \napprox \napproxeq \nbackapprox \nbackapproxeq \nbackcong \nbackeqsim \nbacksim ￿ ≠ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \neqsim \nequal \nequalclosed \nequiv \nequivclosed \neswcrossing \nfallingdotseq ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nnwModels \nnwseline \nNwseline \nnwvdash \nnwVdash \nprec \nprecapprox ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nsucc \nsuccapprox \nsucccurlyeq \nsucceq \nsuccsim \nswfootline \nswfree (continued on next page) 33 .

“=\vcentcolon=” 34 =:= . which produces a colon centered on the font’s math axis: =:= “=:=” vs.(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nbacksimeq \nbacktriplesim \nbumpeq \nBumpeq \ncirceq \nclosedequal \ncong \ncurlyeqprec \ncurlyeqsucc \ndoteq \nDoteq \ndownfootline \ndownfree \ndownmodels \ndownModels \ndownvdash \ndownVdash \neqbump \neqcirc \neqdot MnSymbol additionally defines synonyms for some of the preceding symbols: ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ≠ ≠ ￿ ￿ ∦ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ndashv \ndiagdown \ndiagup \ndivides \ne \neq \nmid \nmodels \nparallel \nperp \nrelbar \nRelbar \nvDash \nvdash \nVdash \nVDash (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same as as as as as as as as as as as as as as as as \nleftvdash) \nnwseline) \nneswline) \nupdownline) \nequal) \nequal) \nupdownline) \nrightmodels) \nUpdownline) \nupvdash) \nleftrightline) \nLeftrightline) \nrightmodels) \nrightvdash) \nrightVdash) \nrightModels) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nhateq \nleftfootline \nleftfree \nleftmodels \nleftModels \nleftrightline \nLeftrightline \nleftvdash \nleftVdash \nnefootline \nnefree \nnemodels \nneModels \nneswline \nNeswline \nnevdash \nneVdash \nnwfootline \nnwfree \nnwmodels ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \npreccurlyeq \npreceq \nprecsim \nrightfootline \nrightfree \nrightmodels \nrightModels \nrightvdash \nrightVdash \nrisingdotseq \nsefootline \nsefree \nsemodels \nseModels \nsevdash \nseVdash \nshortmid \nshortparallel \nsim \nsimeq ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∦ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nswmodels \nswModels \nswvdash \nswVdash \ntriplesim \nupdownline \nUpdownline \nupfootline \nupfree \nupmodels \nupModels \nupvdash \nupVdash \precnapprox \precnsim \succnapprox \succnsim Table 78: mathtools Binary Relations ::≈ :≈ := ::= ::− \Colonapprox \colonapprox \coloneqq \Coloneqq \Coloneq :− :∼ ::∼ :: −: \coloneq \colonsim \Colonsim \dblcolon \eqcolon −:: =: =:: \Eqcolon \eqqcolon \Eqqcolon Similar symbols can be defined using mathtools’s \vcentcolon.

Table 79: turnstile Binary Relations def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc \dddtstile{abc}{def} \ddststile{abc}{def} \ddtstile{abc}{def} \ddttstile{abc}{def} \dndtstile{abc}{def} \dnststile{abc}{def} \dntstile{abc}{def} \dnttstile{abc}{def} \dsdtstile{abc}{def} \dsststile{abc}{def} \dststile{abc}{def} \dsttstile{abc}{def} \dtdtstile{abc}{def} \dtststile{abc}{def} \dttstile{abc}{def} \dtttstile{abc}{def} \nddtstile{abc}{def} \ndststile{abc}{def} \ndtstile{abc}{def} \ndttstile{abc}{def} \nndtstile{abc}{def} \nnststile{abc}{def} def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc \nntstile{abc}{def} \nnttstile{abc}{def} \nsdtstile{abc}{def} \nsststile{abc}{def} \nststile{abc}{def} \nsttstile{abc}{def} \ntdtstile{abc}{def} \ntststile{abc}{def} \nttstile{abc}{def} \ntttstile{abc}{def} \sddtstile{abc}{def} \sdststile{abc}{def} \sdtstile{abc}{def} \sdttstile{abc}{def} \sndtstile{abc}{def} \snststile{abc}{def} \sntstile{abc}{def} \snttstile{abc}{def} \ssdtstile{abc}{def} \ssststile{abc}{def} \sststile{abc}{def} \ssttstile{abc}{def} def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc def abc \stdtstile{abc}{def} \stststile{abc}{def} \sttstile{abc}{def} \stttstile{abc}{def} \tddtstile{abc}{def} \tdststile{abc}{def} \tdtstile{abc}{def} \tdttstile{abc}{def} \tndtstile{abc}{def} \tnststile{abc}{def} \tntstile{abc}{def} \tnttstile{abc}{def} \tsdtstile{abc}{def} \tsststile{abc}{def} \tststile{abc}{def} \tsttstile{abc}{def} \ttdtstile{abc}{def} \ttststile{abc}{def} \tttstile{abc}{def} \ttttstile{abc}{def} Each of the above takes an optional argument that controls the size of the upper and lower expressions. 35 . See the turnstile documentation for more information.

. txfonts. .Table 80: trsym Binary Relations \InversTransformHoriz \InversTransformVert \TransformHoriz \TransformVert Table 81: trfsigns Binary Relations . . pxfonts. . ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nsubseteq \nsupseteq \nsupseteqq \sqsubset \sqsupset \Subset Table 86: AMS Subset and Superset Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \subseteqq \subsetneq \subsetneqq \Supset \supseteqq \supsetneq 36 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \supsetneqq \varsubsetneq \varsubsetneqq \varsupsetneq \varsupsetneqq . mathabx. . \Dfourier \Fourier \Laplace \Ztransf Table 82: cmll Binary Relations ¨ ˚ \coh \incoh ˝ ˇ \scoh \sincoh Table 83: colonequals Binary Relations ≈: ≈:: :≈ :: ::≈ ::= \approxcolon \approxcoloncolon \colonapprox \coloncolon \coloncolonapprox \coloncolonequals ::− ::∼ := :− :∼ =: \coloncolonminus \coloncolonsim \colonequals \colonminus \colonsim \equalscolon =:: −: −:: : ∼: ∼:: \equalscoloncolon \minuscolon \minuscoloncolon \ratio \simcolon \simcoloncolon Table 84: fourier Binary Relations ￿ \nparallelslant ￿ \parallelslant Table 85: Subset and Superset Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ∗ \sqsubset∗ \sqsubseteq \sqsupset∗ ￿ ⊂ ⊆ \sqsupseteq \subset \subseteq ⊃ ⊇ \supset \supseteq A Not predefined in L TEX 2ε . . amssymb. or wasysym. . . amsfonts. . . . . . \dfourier \fourier \laplace \ztransf . . Use one of the packages latexsym.

\varsupsetneq as a synonym for \supsetneq. Table 92: Inequalities ≥ \geq ￿ \gg ≤ \leq 37 ￿ \ll ￿ \neq .Table 87: stmaryrd Subset and Superset Relations ￿ ￿ \subsetplus \subsetpluseq ￿ ￿ \supsetplus \supsetpluseq Table 88: wasysym Subset and Superset Relations ￿ \sqsubset ￿ \sqsupset Table 89: txfonts/pxfonts Subset and Superset Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ \nsqsubset \nsqsubseteq \nsqsupset ￿ ￿ ￿ \nsqsupseteq \nSubset \nsubseteqq ￿ \nSupset Table 90: mathabx Subset and Superset Relations \nsqsubset \nsqSubset \nsqsubseteq \nsqsubseteqq \nsqsupset \nsqSupset \nsqsupseteq \nsqsupseteqq \nsubset \nSubset \nsubseteq \nsubseteqq \nsupset \nSupset \nsupseteq \nsupseteqq \sqsubset \sqSubset \sqsubseteq \sqsubseteqq \sqsubsetneq \sqsubsetneqq \sqSupset \sqsupset \sqsupseteq \sqsupseteqq \sqsupsetneq \sqsupsetneqq \subset \Subset \subseteq \subseteqq \subsetneq \subsetneqq \supset \Supset \supseteq \supseteqq \supsetneq \supsetneqq \varsqsubsetneq \varsqsubsetneqq \varsqsupsetneq \varsqsupsetneqq \varsubsetneq \varsubsetneqq \varsupsetneq \varsupsetneqq ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⊄ Table 91: MnSymbol Subset and Superset Relations \nSqsubset \nsqsubset \nsqsubseteq \nsqsubseteqq \nSqsupset \nsqsupset \nsqsupseteq \nsqsupseteqq \nSubset \nsubset ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nsubseteq \nsubseteqq \nSupset \nsupset \nsupseteq \nsupseteqq \Sqsubset \sqsubset \sqsubseteq \sqsubseteqq ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⊂ \sqsubsetneq \sqsubsetneqq \Sqsupset \sqsupset \sqsupseteq \sqsupseteqq \sqsupsetneq \sqsupsetneqq \Subset \subset ⊆ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⊃ ⊇ ￿ ￿ ￿ \subseteq \subseteqq \subsetneq \subsetneqq \Supset \supset \supseteq \supseteqq \supsetneq \supsetneqq MnSymbol additionally defines \varsubsetneq as a synonym for \subsetneq. \varsubsetneqq as a synonym for \subsetneqq. and \varsupsetneqq as a synonym for \supsetneqq.

\geqslant and \ge as synonyms for \geq. 38 .Table 93: AMS Inequalities ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ≫ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \eqslantgtr \eqslantless \geqq \geqslant \ggg \gnapprox \gneq \gneqq \gnsim \gtrapprox ￿ ￿ ￿ ≷ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \gtrdot \gtreqless \gtreqqless \gtrless \gtrsim \gvertneqq \leqq \leqslant \lessapprox \lessdot ￿ ￿ ≶ ￿ ≪ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lesseqgtr \lesseqqgtr \lessgtr \lesssim \lll \lnapprox \lneq \lneqq \lnsim \lvertneqq ￿ ￿ ￿ ≯ ￿ ￿ ￿ ≮ \ngeq \ngeqq \ngeqslant \ngtr \nleq \nleqq \nleqslant \nless Table 94: wasysym Inequalities ￿ \apprge ￿ \apprle Table 95: txfonts/pxfonts Inequalities ￿ ￿ ￿ \ngg \ngtrapprox \ngtrless ￿ ￿ ￿ \ngtrsim \nlessapprox \nlessgtr ￿ ￿ \nlesssim \nll Table 96: mathabx Inequalities \eqslantgtr \eqslantless \geq \geqq \gg \ggg \gnapprox \gneq \gneqq \gnsim \gtrapprox \gtrdot \gtreqless \gtreqqless \gtrless \gtrsim \gvertneqq \leq \leqq \lessapprox \lessdot \lesseqgtr \lesseqqgtr \lessgtr \lesssim \ll \lll \lnapprox \lneq \lneqq \lnsim \lvertneqq \neqslantgtr \neqslantless \ngeq \ngeqq \ngtr \ngtrapprox \ngtrsim \nleq \nleqq \nless \nlessapprox \nlesssim \nvargeq \nvarleq \vargeq \varleq mathabx defines \leqslant and \le as synonyms for \leq. \nleqslant as a synonym for \nleq. and \ngeqslant as a synonym for \ngeq.

Table 97: MnSymbol Inequalities ￿ ￿ ≥ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ > ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \eqslantgtr \eqslantless \geq \geqclosed \geqdot \geqq \geqslant \geqslantdot \gg \ggg \gnapprox \gneqq \gnsim \gtr \gtrapprox \gtrclosed \gtrdot \gtreqless \gtreqlessslant ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ≤ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ < ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \gtreqqless \gtrless \gtrneqqless \gtrsim \leq \leqclosed \leqdot \leqq \leqslant \leqslantdot \less \lessapprox \lessclosed \lessdot \lesseqgtr \lesseqgtrslant \lesseqqgtr \lessgtr \lessneqqgtr ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lesssim \ll \lll \lnapprox \lneqq \lnsim \neqslantgtr \neqslantless \ngeq \ngeqclosed \ngeqdot \ngeqq \ngeqslant \ngeqslantdot \ngg \nggg \ngtr \ngtrclosed \ngtrdot ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ngtreqless \ngtreqlessslant \ngtreqqless \ngtrless \nleq \nleqclosed \nleqdot \nleqq \nleqslant \nleqslantdot \nless \nlessclosed \nlessdot \nlesseqgtr \nlesseqgtrslant \nlesseqqgtr \nlessgtr \nll \nlll ￿ MnSymbol additionally defines synonyms for some of the preceding symbols: ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \gggtr \gvertneqq \lhd \llless \lvertneqq \ntrianglelefteq \ntriangleleft \ntrianglerighteq \ntriangleright \rhd \trianglelefteq \trianglerighteq \unlhd \unrhd \vartriangleleft \vartriangleright (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same as as as as as as as as as as as as as as as as \ggg) \gneqq) \lessclosed) \lll) \lneqq) \nleqclosed) \nlessclosed) \ngeqclosed) \ngtrclosed) \gtrclosed) \leqclosed) \geqclosed) \leqclosed) \geqclosed) \lessclosed) \gtrclosed) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \blacktriangleleft \blacktriangleright \ntriangleleft \ntrianglelefteq Table 98: AMS Triangle Relations ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ntriangleright \ntrianglerighteq \trianglelefteq \triangleq ￿ ￿ ￿ \trianglerighteq \vartriangleleft \vartriangleright 39 .

. \triangle. and \blacktriangle [sic ] are synonyms for. symbols are defined as TEX “ordinary” characters (class 0) and all of the remaining characters are defined as TEX binary operators (class 2). \vartriangle. \filledmedtriangledown. \triangleleft is a synonym for \medtriangleleft. \unlhd and \leqclosed are synonyms for \trianglelefteq. . \blacktriangledown. and \ngeqclosed is a synonym for \ntrianglerighteq. 40 . \rhd and \gtrclosed are synonyms for \vartriangleright. \ngtrclosed is a synonym for \ntriangleright. \triangleright is a synonym for \medtriangleright. \blacktriangleright. The \largetriangle. \unrhd and \geqclosed are synonyms for \trianglerighteq. \blacktriangleleft. The title “Triangle Relations” is a bit of a misnomer here as only \triangleeq and \ntriangleeq are defined as TEX relations (class 3 symbols). respectively. \filledmedtriangleright. \nlessclosed is a synonym for \ntriangleleft. \triangledown and \bigtriangledown are synonyms for \medtriangledown. \filledmedtriangleleft. \nleqclosed is a synonym for \ntrianglelefteq. and \filledmedtriangleup. \lhd and \lessclosed are synonyms for \vartriangleleft.Table 99: stmaryrd Triangle Relations ￿ ￿ \trianglelefteqslant \ntrianglelefteqslant ￿ ￿ \trianglerighteqslant \ntrianglerighteqslant Table 100: mathabx Triangle Relations \ntriangleleft \ntrianglelefteq \ntriangleright \ntrianglerighteq \triangleleft \trianglelefteq \triangleright \trianglerighteq \vartriangleleft \vartriangleright ▼ ◀ ▶ ▲ ￿ ￿ ￿ ▴ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 101: MnSymbol Triangle Relations \filledmedtriangledown \filledmedtriangleleft \filledmedtriangleright \filledmedtriangleup \filledtriangledown \filledtriangleleft \filledtriangleright \filledtriangleup \largetriangledown \largetriangleleft \largetriangleright ￿ ▽ ◁ ▷ △ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \largetriangleup \medtriangledown \medtriangleleft \medtriangleright \medtriangleup \ntriangleeq \ntriangleleft \ntrianglelefteq \ntriangleright \ntrianglerighteq \otriangle ▿ ◃ ▹ ▵ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \smalltriangledown \smalltriangleleft \smalltriangleright \smalltriangleup \triangleeq \trianglelefteq \trianglerighteq \vartriangleleft \vartriangleright MnSymbol additionally defines synonyms for many of the preceding symbols: \triangleq is a synonym for \triangleeq. and \bigtriangleup are synonyms for \medtriangleup.

across a mathematical expression (as in “∇ · B Table 103: Harpoons ￿ ￿ \leftharpoondown \leftharpoonup ￿ ￿ \rightharpoondown \rightharpoonup ￿ \rightleftharpoons Table 104: textcomp Text-mode Arrows ↓ ← \textdownarrow \textleftarrow → ↑ \textrightarrow \textuparrow ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \circlearrowleft \circlearrowright \curvearrowleft \curvearrowright \dashleftarrow \dashrightarrow \downdownarrows \leftarrowtail ⇔ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 105: AMS Arrows \leftleftarrows \leftrightarrows \leftrightsquigarrow \Lleftarrow \looparrowleft \looparrowright \Lsh \rightarrowtail ￿ ⇒ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇑ \rightleftarrows \rightrightarrows \rightsquigarrow \Rsh \twoheadleftarrow \twoheadrightarrow \upuparrows ￿ ￿ \nLeftarrow \nleftarrow Table 106: AMS Negated Arrows ￿ ￿ \nLeftrightarrow \nleftrightarrow ￿ ￿ \nRightarrow \nrightarrow ￿ ￿ \downharpoonleft \downharpoonright Table 107: AMS Harpoons ￿ ￿ \leftrightharpoons \rightleftharpoons 41 ￿ ￿ \upharpoonleft \upharpoonright . pxfonts. amsfonts. amssymb. Use one of the packages latexsym. † See the note beneath Table 169 for information about how to put a diagonal arrow 0 ￿ ”) . txfonts.Table 102: Arrows ⇓ ↓ ←￿ ￿→ ￿ ← ⇐ ⇔ ↔ ∗ \Downarrow \downarrow \hookleftarrow \hookrightarrow \leadsto∗ \leftarrow \Leftarrow \Leftrightarrow \leftrightarrow ←− ⇐= ←→ ⇐⇒ ￿−→ =⇒ −→ ￿ → ￿ \longleftarrow \Longleftarrow \longleftrightarrow \Longleftrightarrow \longmapsto \Longrightarrow \longrightarrow \mapsto \nearrow† ￿ ⇒ → ￿ ￿ ↑ ⇑ ￿ ￿ \nwarrow \Rightarrow \rightarrow \searrow \swarrow \uparrow \Uparrow \updownarrow \Updownarrow A Not predefined in L TEX 2ε . or wasysym.

Table 108: stmaryrd Arrows ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇐=￿ ←−￿ ￿=⇒ \leftarrowtriangle \leftrightarroweq \leftrightarrowtriangle \lightning \Longmapsfrom \longmapsfrom \Longmapsto ⇐￿ ←￿ ￿ ⇒ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \Mapsfrom \mapsfrom \Mapsto \nnearrow \nnwarrow \rightarrowtriangle \shortdownarrow ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \shortleftarrow \shortrightarrow \shortuparrow \ssearrow \sswarrow Table 109: txfonts/pxfonts Arrows ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \boxdotLeft \boxdotleft \boxdotright \boxdotRight \boxLeft \boxleft \boxright \boxRight \circleddotleft ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \circleddotright \circleleft \circleright \dashleftrightarrow \DiamonddotLeft \Diamonddotleft \Diamonddotright \DiamonddotRight \DiamondLeft ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \Diamondleft \Diamondright \DiamondRight \leftsquigarrow \Nearrow \Nwarrow \Rrightarrow \Searrow \Swarrow Table 110: mathabx Arrows \circlearrowleft \circlearrowright \curvearrowbotleft \curvearrowbotleftright \curvearrowbotright \curvearrowleft \curvearrowleftright \curvearrowright \dlsh \downdownarrows \downtouparrow \downuparrows \drsh \leftarrow \leftleftarrows \leftrightarrow \leftrightarrows \leftrightsquigarrow \leftsquigarrow \lefttorightarrow \looparrowdownleft \looparrowdownright \looparrowleft \looparrowright \Lsh \nearrow \nwarrow \restriction \rightarrow \rightleftarrows \rightrightarrows \rightsquigarrow \righttoleftarrow \Rsh \searrow \swarrow \updownarrows \uptodownarrow \upuparrows Table 111: mathabx Negated Arrows \nLeftarrow \nleftarrow \nleftrightarrow \nLeftrightarrow \nrightarrow \nRightarrow 42 .

Table 112: mathabx Harpoons \barleftharpoon \barrightharpoon \downdownharpoons \downharpoonleft \downharpoonright \downupharpoons \leftbarharpoon \leftharpoondown \leftharpoonup \leftleftharpoons \leftrightharpoon \leftrightharpoons \rightbarharpoon \rightharpoondown \rightharpoonup \rightleftharpoon \rightleftharpoons \rightrightharpoons \updownharpoons \upharpoonleft \upharpoonright \upupharpoons Table 113: MnSymbol Arrows ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇣ ⇠ ￿ ￿ ⇢ ￿ ￿ ⇡ ⇓ ↓ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇐ \curvearrowdownup \curvearrowleftright \curvearrownesw \curvearrownwse \curvearrowrightleft \curvearrowsenw \curvearrowswne \curvearrowupdown \dasheddownarrow \dashedleftarrow \dashednearrow \dashednwarrow \dashedrightarrow \dashedsearrow \dashedswarrow \dasheduparrow \Downarrow \downarrow \downarrowtail \downdownarrows \downlsquigarrow \downmapsto \downrsquigarrow \downuparrows \lcirclearrowdown \lcirclearrowleft \lcirclearrowright \lcirclearrowup \lcurvearrowdown \lcurvearrowleft \lcurvearrowne \lcurvearrownw \lcurvearrowright \lcurvearrowse \lcurvearrowsw \lcurvearrowup \Leftarrow ←￿ ⇐￿ ←→ ⇐⇒ ￿→ ￿→ ￿⇒ ￿ ￿ ￿ ↗ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ↖ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \longleftarrow \Longleftarrow \longleftrightarrow \Longleftrightarrow \longmapsto \longrightarrow \Longrightarrow \looparrowleft \looparrowright \Lsh \nearrow \Nearrow \nearrowtail \nelsquigarrow \nemapsto \nenearrows \nersquigarrow \neswarrow \Neswarrow \neswarrows \nwarrow \Nwarrow \nwarrowtail \nwlsquigarrow \nwmapsto \nwnwarrows \nwrsquigarrow \nwsearrow \Nwsearrow \nwsearrows \partialvardlcircleleftint∗ \partialvardlcirclerightint∗ \partialvardrcircleleftint∗ \partialvardrcirclerightint∗ \partialvartlcircleleftint∗ \partialvartlcirclerightint∗ \partialvartrcircleleftint∗ ￿ ￿ → ⇒ ￿ ⇄ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ↘ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ↙ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rhookswarrow \rhookuparrow \rightarrow \Rightarrow \rightarrowtail \rightleftarrows \rightlsquigarrow \rightmapsto \rightrightarrows \rightrsquigarrow \Rrightarrow \Rsh \searrow \Searrow \searrowtail \selsquigarrow \semapsto \senwarrows \sersquigarrow \sesearrows \squigarrowdownup \squigarrowleftright \squigarrownesw \squigarrownwse \squigarrowrightleft \squigarrowsenw \squigarrowswne \squigarrowupdown \swarrow \Swarrow \swarrowtail \swlsquigarrow \swmapsto \swnearrows \swrsquigarrow \swswarrows \twoheaddownarrow (continued on next page) 43 .

(continued from previous page) ← ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ↔ ⇔ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \leftarrow \leftarrowtail \leftleftarrows \leftlsquigarrow \leftmapsto \leftrightarrow \Leftrightarrow \leftrightarrows \leftrsquigarrow \lhookdownarrow \lhookleftarrow \lhooknearrow \lhooknwarrow \lhookrightarrow \lhooksearrow \lhookswarrow \lhookuparrow \lightning \Lleftarrow MnSymbol additionally defines synonyms for some of the preceding symbols: ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇠ ⇢ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \circlearrowleft \circlearrowright \curvearrowleft \curvearrowright \dashleftarrow \dashrightarrow \hookleftarrow \hookrightarrow \leadsto \leftrightsquigarrow \mapsto \rightsquigarrow (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same as as as as as as as as as as as as \rcirclearrowup) \lcirclearrowup) \rcurvearrowleft) \lcurvearrowright) \dashedleftarrow) \dashedrightarrow) \rhookleftarrow) \lhookrightarrow) \rightlsquigarrow) \squigarrowleftright) \rightmapsto) \rightlsquigarrow) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \partialvartrcirclerightint∗ \rcirclearrowdown \rcirclearrowleft \rcirclearrowright \rcirclearrowup \rcurvearrowdown \rcurvearrowleft \rcurvearrowne \rcurvearrownw \rcurvearrowright \rcurvearrowse \rcurvearrowsw \rcurvearrowup \rhookdownarrow \rhookleftarrow \rhooknearrow \rhooknwarrow \rhookrightarrow \rhooksearrow ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ↑ ⇑ ￿ ↕ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \twoheadleftarrow \twoheadnearrow \twoheadnwarrow \twoheadrightarrow \twoheadsearrow \twoheadswarrow \twoheaduparrow \uparrow \Uparrow \uparrowtail \updownarrow \Updownarrow \updownarrows \uplsquigarrow \upmapsto \uprsquigarrow \upuparrows ∗ The \partialvar. Table 114: MnSymbol Negated Arrows ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ncurvearrowdownup \ncurvearrowleftright \ncurvearrownesw \ncurvearrownwse \ncurvearrowrightleft \ncurvearrowsenw \ncurvearrowswne \ncurvearrowupdown ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nlhooknwarrow \nlhookrightarrow \nlhooksearrow \nlhookswarrow \nlhookuparrow \nLleftarrow \nnearrow \nNearrow ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nrightleftarrows \nrightlsquigarrow \nrightmapsto \nrightrightarrows \nrightrsquigarrow \nRrightarrow \nSearrow \nsearrow (continued on next page) 44 . int macros are intended to be used internally by MnSymbol to produce various types of integrals. . .

(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ndasheddownarrow \ndashedleftarrow \ndashednearrow \ndashednwarrow \ndashedrightarrow \ndashedsearrow \ndashedswarrow \ndasheduparrow \ndownarrow \nDownarrow \ndownarrowtail \ndowndownarrows \ndownlsquigarrow \ndownmapsto \ndownrsquigarrow \ndownuparrows \nlcirclearrowdown \nlcirclearrowleft \nlcirclearrowright \nlcirclearrowup \nlcurvearrowdown \nlcurvearrowleft \nlcurvearrowne \nlcurvearrownw \nlcurvearrowright \nlcurvearrowse \nlcurvearrowsw \nlcurvearrowup \nLeftarrow \nleftarrow \nleftarrowtail \nleftleftarrows \nleftlsquigarrow \nleftmapsto \nleftrightarrow \nLeftrightarrow \nleftrightarrows \nleftrsquigarrow \nlhookdownarrow \nlhookleftarrow \nlhooknearrow MnSymbol additionally defines synonyms for some of the preceding symbols: ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇏ ￿ \nnearrowtail \nnelsquigarrow \nnemapsto \nnenearrows \nnersquigarrow \nNeswarrow \nneswarrow \nneswarrows \nNwarrow \nnwarrow \nnwarrowtail \nnwlsquigarrow \nnwmapsto \nnwnwarrows \nnwrsquigarrow \nnwsearrow \nNwsearrow \nnwsearrows \nrcirclearrowdown \nrcirclearrowleft \nrcirclearrowright \nrcirclearrowup \nrcurvearrowdown \nrcurvearrowleft \nrcurvearrowne \nrcurvearrownw \nrcurvearrowright \nrcurvearrowse \nrcurvearrowsw \nrcurvearrowup \nrhookdownarrow \nrhookleftarrow \nrhooknearrow \nrhooknwarrow \nrhookrightarrow \nrhooksearrow \nrhookswarrow \nrhookuparrow \nrightarrow \nRightarrow \nrightarrowtail ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nsearrowtail \nselsquigarrow \nsemapsto \nsenwarrows \nsersquigarrow \nsesearrows \nsquigarrowdownup \nsquigarrowleftright \nsquigarrownesw \nsquigarrownwse \nsquigarrowrightleft \nsquigarrowsenw \nsquigarrowswne \nsquigarrowupdown \nswarrow \nSwarrow \nswarrowtail \nswlsquigarrow \nswmapsto \nswnearrows \nswrsquigarrow \nswswarrows \ntwoheaddownarrow \ntwoheadleftarrow \ntwoheadnearrow \ntwoheadnwarrow \ntwoheadrightarrow \ntwoheadsearrow \ntwoheadswarrow \ntwoheaduparrow \nuparrow \nUparrow \nuparrowtail \nupdownarrow \nUpdownarrow \nupdownarrows \nuplsquigarrow \nupmapsto \nuprsquigarrow \nupuparrows 45 .

the “ccw” suffix can be replaced with “up” and the “cw” suffix can be replaced with “down”. (In addition. \upharpooncw can be written as \restriction.) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nneswharpoons \nneswharpoonsenw \nnwharpoonccw \nnwharpooncw \nnwseharpoonnesw \nnwseharpoons \nnwseharpoonswne \nrightharpoonccw∗ \nrightharpooncw∗ \nrightleftharpoons \nseharpoonccw ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nseharpooncw \nsenwharpoons \nswharpoonccw \nswharpooncw \nswneharpoons \nupdownharpoonleftright \nupdownharpoonrightleft \nupdownharpoons \nupharpoonccw∗ \nupharpooncw∗ 46 . \nupharpooncw can be written as \nrestriction.￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ncirclearrowleft \ncirclearrowright \ncurvearrowleft \ncurvearrowright \ndasharrow \ndashleftarrow \ndashrightarrow \ngets \nhookleftarrow \nhookrightarrow \nleadsto \nleftrightsquigarrow \nmapsto \nrightsquigarrow \nto (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same (same as as as as as as as as as as as as as as as \nrcirclearrowup) \nlcirclearrowup) \nrcurvearrowleft) \nlcurvearrowright) \ndashedrightarrow) \ndashedleftarrow) \ndashedrightarrow) \nleftarrow) \nrhookleftarrow) \nlhookrightarrow) \nrightlsquigarrow) \nsquigarrowleftright) \nrightmapsto) \nrightlsquigarrow) \nrightarrow) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ↼ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 115: MnSymbol Harpoons \downharpoonccw∗ \downharpooncw∗ \downupharpoons \leftharpoonccw∗ \leftharpooncw∗ \leftrightharpoondownup \leftrightharpoons \leftrightharpoonupdown \neharpoonccw \neharpooncw \neswharpoonnwse ∗ Where marked.) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇀ ￿ ￿ ￿ \neswharpoons \neswharpoonsenw \nwharpoonccw \nwharpooncw \nwseharpoonnesw \nwseharpoons \nwseharpoonswne \rightharpoonccw∗ \rightharpooncw∗ \rightleftharpoons \seharpoonccw ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \seharpooncw \senwharpoons \swharpoonccw \swharpooncw \swneharpoons \updownharpoonleftright \updownharpoonrightleft \updownharpoons \upharpoonccw∗ \upharpooncw∗ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 116: MnSymbol Negated Harpoons \ndownharpoonccw \ndownharpooncw∗ \ndownupharpoons \nleftharpoonccw∗ \nleftharpooncw∗ \nleftrightharpoondownup \nleftrightharpoons \nleftrightharpoonupdown \nneharpoonccw \nneharpooncw \nneswharpoonnwse ∗ ∗ Where marked. (In addition. the “ccw” suffix can be replaced with “up” and the “cw” suffix can be replaced with “down”.

Consequently.g. graphics’s \resizebox command). Table 118: chemarrow Arrows A \chemarrow Table 119: fge Arrows ! \fgerightarrow " \fgeuparrow ∗ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 120: MnSymbol Spoons \downfilledspoon \downspoon \leftfilledspoon \leftspoon \ndownfilledspoon \ndownspoon \nefilledspoon \nespoon \nleftfilledspoon \nleftspoon \nnefilledspoon ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nnespoon \nnwfilledspoon \nnwspoon \nrightfilledspoon \nrightspoon∗ \nsefilledspoon \nsespoon \nswfilledspoon \nswspoon \nupfilledspoon \nupspoon ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nwfilledspoon \nwspoon \rightfilledspoon \rightspoon∗ \sefilledspoon \sespoon \swfilledspoon \swspoon \upfilledspoon \upspoon MnSymbol defines \multimap as a synonym for \rightspoon and \nmultimap as a synonym for \nrightspoon. only TEX backends that support graphical transformations (e.. ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 121: MnSymbol Pitchforks \downpitchfork \leftpitchfork \ndownpitchfork \nepitchfork \nleftpitchfork \nnepitchfork ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nnwpitchfork \nrightpitchfork \nsepitchfork \nswpitchfork \nuppitchfork \nwpitchfork ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rightpitchfork \sepitchfork \swpitchfork \uppitchfork 47 .Table 117: harpoon Extensible Harpoons ￿ abc ￿ abc ￿ abc \overleftharp{abc} \overleftharpdown{abc} \overrightharp{abc} ￿ abc abc ￿ abc ￿ \overrightharpdown{abc} \underleftharp{abc} \underleftharpdown{abc} abc ￿ abc ￿ \underrightharp{abc} \underrightharpdown{abc} All of the harpoon symbols are implemented using the graphics package (specifically. ∗ MnSymbol defines \pitchfork as a synonym for \uppitchfork and \npitchfork as a synonym for \nuppitchfork. not Xdvi) can properly display these symbols.

\asymp as a synonym for \smilefrown.∗ MnSymbol defines \smallsmile as a synonym for \smile. and \nasymp as a synonym for \nsmilefrown. \smallfrown as a synonym for \frown. ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 122: MnSymbol Smiles and Frowns \doublefrown \doublefrowneq \doublesmile \doublesmileeq \eqfrown \eqsmile \frown \frowneq \frowneqsmile \frownsmile \frownsmileeq \ndoublefrown \ndoublefrowneq \ndoublesmile \ndoublesmileeq \neqfrown \neqsmile \nfrown \nfrowneq \nfrowneqsmile \nfrownsmile \nfrownsmileeq \nsmile ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \nsmileeq \nsmileeqfrown \nsmilefrown \nsmilefrowneq \nsqdoublefrown \nsqdoublefrowneq \nsqdoublesmile \nsqdoublesmileeq \nsqeqfrown \nsqeqsmile \nsqfrown \nsqfrowneq \nsqfrowneqsmile \nsqfrownsmile \nsqsmile \nsqsmileeq \nsqsmileeqfrown \nsqsmilefrown \nsqtriplefrown \nsqtriplesmile \ntriplefrown \ntriplesmile \smile ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \smileeq \smileeqfrown \smilefrown \smilefrowneq \sqdoublefrown \sqdoublefrowneq \sqdoublesmile \sqdoublesmileeq \sqeqfrown \sqeqsmile \sqfrown \sqfrowneq \sqfrowneqsmile \sqfrownsmile \sqsmile \sqsmileeq \sqsmileeqfrown \sqsmilefrown \sqtriplefrown \sqtriplesmile \triplefrown \triplesmile Table 123: ulsy Contradiction Symbols \blitza \blitzb \blitzc \blitzd \blitze Table 124: Extension Characters − \relbar = \Relbar Table 125: stmaryrd Extension Characters ￿ ￿ \Arrownot \arrownot ￿ ￿ \Mapsfromchar \mapsfromchar ￿ \Mapstochar Table 126: txfonts/pxfonts Extension Characters ￿ ￿ \Mappedfromchar \mappedfromchar ￿ ￿ \Mmappedfromchar \mmappedfromchar ￿ ￿ \Mmapstochar \mmapstochar 48 .

4 for more information about log-like symbols. Downes prefers the more general term.Table 127: mathabx Extension Characters \mapsfromchar \Mapsfromchar \mapstochar \Mapstochar Table 128: Log-like Symbols \arccos \arcsin \arctan \arg \cos \cosh \cot \coth \csc \deg \det \dim \exp \gcd \hom \inf \ker \lg \lim \liminf \limsup \ln \log \max \min \Pr \sec \sin \sinh \sup \tan \tanh Calling the above “symbols” may be a bit misleading. As \bmod and \pmod are arguably not symbols we refer the reader to the Short Math Guide for A L TEX [Dow00] for samples.3 Each log-like symbol merely produces the eponymous textual equivalent. but with proper surrounding spacing. Table 129: AMS Log-like Symbols inj lim proj lim \injlim \projlim lim − → lim \varinjlim \varliminf lim lim ← − \varlimsup \varprojlim Load the amsmath package to get these symbols. See Section 8. “atomic math objects”. As \mod and \pod are arguably not symbols A we refer the reader to the Short Math Guide for L TEX [Dow00] for samples.4 for some additional comments regarding log-like symbols. See Section 8. Table 130: C A2e Number Sets hin \Complex \COMPLEX 3 Michael \Integer \INTEGER \Natural \NATURAL \Rational \RATIONAL \Real \REAL J. 49 .

Table 132: AMS Greek Letters ￿ \digamma κ \varkappa Table 133: txfonts/pxfonts Upright Greek Letters α β γ δ ￿ ε ζ η \alphaup \betaup \gammaup \deltaup \epsilonup \varepsilonup \zetaup \etaup θ ϑ ι κ λ µ ν ξ \thetaup \varthetaup \iotaup \kappaup \lambdaup \muup \nuup \xiup π ￿ ρ ￿ σ ς τ υ \piup \varpiup \rhoup \varrhoup \sigmaup \varsigmaup \tauup \upsilonup φ ϕ χ ψ ω \phiup \varphiup \chiup \psiup \omegaup 50 .5 for examples of how to produce bold Greek letters.Table 131: Greek Letters α β γ δ ￿ ε ζ η Γ ∆ Θ \alpha \beta \gamma \delta \epsilon \varepsilon \zeta \eta \Gamma \Delta \Theta θ ϑ ι κ λ µ ν ξ Λ Ξ Π \theta \vartheta \iota \kappa \lambda \mu \nu \xi \Lambda \Xi \Pi o π ￿ ρ ￿ σ ς Σ Υ Φ o \pi \varpi \rho \varrho \sigma \varsigma τ υ φ ϕ χ ψ ω Ψ Ω \tau \upsilon \phi \varphi \chi \psi \omega \Sigma \Upsilon \Phi \Psi \Omega The remaining Greek majuscules can be produced with ordinary Latin letters. of course. is used for both an uppercase “m” and an uppercase “µ”. See Section 8. The symbols in this table are intended to be used in mathematical typesetting. for instance. Greek body text can be typeset using the babel package’s greek (or polutonikogreek) option—and. a font that provides the glyphs for the Greek alphabet. The symbol “M”.

￿. ￿. w. Table 135: fourier Variant Greek Letters π ￿ ￿ \pi \varpi \varvarpi ρ ￿ ￿ \rho \varrho \varvarrho Table 136: txfonts/pxfonts Variant Latin Letters ￿ \varg ￿ \varv ￿ \varw ￿ \vary Pass the varg option to txfonts/pxfonts to replace g. for example. “Γ∆Θαβγ” (Symbol) with “Γ∆Θαβγ” (Euler). ￿ Table 137: AMS Hebrew Letters \beth ‫ג‬ \gimel ￿ \daleth \aleph (ℵ) appears in Table 201 on page 65. As a result. the glyphs may appear slightly different from the above. and ￿ in every mathematical expression in your document. v.Table 134: upgreek Upright Greek Letters α β γ δ ε ε ζ η Γ ∆ Θ \upalpha \upbeta \upgamma \updelta \upepsilon \upvarepsilon \upzeta \upeta \Upgamma \Updelta \Uptheta θ ϑ ι κ λ µ ν ξ Λ Ξ Π \uptheta \upvartheta \upiota \upkappa \uplambda \upmu \upnu \upxi \Uplambda \Upxi \Uppi π ϖ ρ ρ σ σ τ υ Σ Υ Φ \uppi \upvarpi \uprho \upvarrho \upsigma \upvarsigma \uptau \upupsilon \Upsigma \Upupsilon \Upphi φ ϕ χ ψ ω \upphi \upvarphi \upchi \uppsi \upomega Ψ Ω \Uppsi \Upomega upgreek utilizes upright Greek characters from either the PostScript Symbol font (depicted above) or Euler Roman. and y with ￿. Contrast. ℵ Table 138: MnSymbol Hebrew Letters \aleph ￿ \beth ￿ \gimel ￿ \daleth Table 139: Letter-like Symbols ⊥ ￿ ∃ \bot \ell \exists ∀ ￿ ￿ \forall \hbar \Im ı ∈  \imath \in \jmath 51 ￿ ∂ ￿ \ni \partial \Re ￿ ℘ \top \wp .

k ￿ ￿ \Bbbk \circledR \circledS Table 140: AMS Letter-like Symbols ￿ ￿ ￿ \complement \Finv \Game ￿ ￿ ￿ \hbar \hslash \nexists Table 141: txfonts/pxfonts Letter-like Symbols ¢ ∗ \mathcent £ \mathsterling∗ ￿ \notin ￿ \notni It’s generally preferable to use the corresponding symbol from Table 3 on page 9 because the symbols in that table work properly in both text mode and math mode. and \intercal for \top. 52 . Table 142: mathabx Letter-like Symbols \barin \complement \exists \Finv \Game \in \nexists \notbot \notin \notowner \nottop \owns \ownsbar \partial \partialslash \varnotin \varnotowner ∗ MnSymbol provides synonyms \notin for \nin. ￿ ∃ ∀ Table 143: MnSymbol Letter-like Symbols \bot \exists \forall ∈ ￿ ∉ \in \nexists \nin∗ ￿ ∋ ￿ \nowns∗ \owns \powerset ￿ ℘ \top \wp Table 144: trfsigns Letter-like Symbols e \e j \im Table 145: mathdesign Letter-like Symbols ∈ ￿ ∈ ￿ ￿ \in \notin \notsmallin \notsmallowns ￿ ￿ ￿ \owns \smallin \smallowns The mathdesign package additionally provides versions of each of the letter-like symbols shown in Table 140. \ni for \owns.

Table 146: fge Letter-like Symbols A c p e ∗ \fgeA \fgec \fged \fgee ı F f ” \fgeeszett \fgeF \fgef \fgelb∗ D C B s \fgeleftB \fgeleftC \fgerightB \fges U \fgeU The fge package defines \fgeeta. Table 147: fourier Letter-like Symbols ∂ ￿ \partial \varpartialdiff ￿ ￿ Table 148: AMS Delimiters \ulcorner \llcorner ￿ ￿ \urcorner \lrcorner Table 149: stmaryrd Delimiters ￿ ￿ ￿ \Lbag \llceil \llparenthesis ￿ ￿ ￿ \Rbag \rrceil \rrparenthesis ￿ ￿ \lbag \llfloor ￿ ￿ \rbag \rrfloor Table 150: mathabx Delimiters \lcorners \ulcorner \llcorner \rcorners \urcorner \lrcorner Table 151: nath Delimiters \niv \vin 53 . and \fgeoverU as synonyms for \fgelb. \fgeN.

these symbols expand to the height of the enclosed math expression. The mathabx package. to make an internal “|” expand to the height of the surrounding \left and \right symbols. (This capability is commonly needed when typesetting adjacent bras and kets in Dirac notation: “￿φ|ψ ￿”). Note that \vert is a synonym for |. the preceding symbols are intended to be used as delimiters (e. Table 153: Large.. \middle can be used. and \Vert is a synonym for \|. as in “p|q ”). ε-TEX provides a \middle analogue to \left and \right. for example. however. ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 155: stmaryrd Variable-sized Delimiters ￿ ￿ ￿ \llbracket ￿ \rrbracket 54 .g.. redefines \lgroup and \rgroup so that those symbols can work without \left and \right. A similar effect can be achieved in A conventional L TEX using the braket package. as in “|−z |”) while the \vert and \Vert symbols (Table 152) are intended to be used as operators (e. Variable-sized Delimiters                \rmoustache  \lgroup  ￿     ￿ ￿   ￿ ￿ ￿ \Arrowvert  \bracevert     ￿           \rgroup Table 154: AMS Variable-sized Delimiters | ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lvert \lVert | ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rvert \rVert According to the amsmath documentation [AMS99]. ￿ Table 152: Variable-sized Delimiters ￿ \Downarrow [ [ ￿ ￿ \rangle | ￿ | ￿  \rceil ↑  \uparrow ￿  \rfloor ￿ ￿ \updownarrow ￿ ) { \{ \backslash ] ￿ ⇑ ￿ } ￿ ] \| \Uparrow \Updownarrow \} ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿                \lmoustache \arrowvert These symbols must be used with \left and \right.g.↓ ￿ ￿ ￿ ( /   ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \downarrow \langle \lceil \lfloor ( / ⇓ ￿ ￿ ￿ ) \ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ When used with \left and \right.

Table 156: mathabx Variable-sized Delimiters \ldbrack \lfilet \thickvert \rdbrack \rfilet \vvvert Table 157: MnSymbol Variable-sized Delimiters ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lceil ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rceil ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ulcorner ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \urcorner \lfloor \rfloor \llcorner \lrcorner \lwavy \rwavy \langle \rangle ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lWavy ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rWavy \langlebar \ranglebar ( ￿ ) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lgroup ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lsem \rsem ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lmoustache ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rgroup \llangle ￿ \rrangle \rmoustache \lbrace \rbrace / ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \backslash [ | ￿ \arrowvert ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ < ￿ ￿ > ] \ullcorner ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ulrcorner \| ￿ ￿ ￿ \bracevert \Arrowvert 55 .

\Vert is a synonym for \|. \rwave. \divides produces the same symbol as \vert but designated as a binary operator instead of an ordinal. All of the symbols in Table 159 can also be expressed using the \double macro. separate \lVert and \rVert commands are needed to disambiguate whether “|” is a left or right delimiter. Table 159: nath Variable-sized Delimiters (Double) ￿￿ [[ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ || ∗ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿￿ ￿￿ ￿￿ \lAngle \lBrack \lCeil \lFloor \lVert∗ ￿￿ ]] ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ || ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿￿ ￿￿ ￿￿ \rAngle \rBrack \rCeil \rFloor \rVert∗ nath redefines all of the above to include implicit \left and \right commands. \levaw. \mid and \mvert produce the same symbol as \vert but designated as math relations instead of ordinals. \parallel and \mVert produce the same symbol as \Vert but designated as math relations instead of ordinals. and \revaw. Table 158: mathdesign Variable-sized Delimiters ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \leftwave \leftevaw ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rightwave \rightevaw The definitions of these symbols include a preceding \left or \right. See the nath documentation for examples and additional information. The internal.\vert is a synonym for |. It is therefore an error to specify \left or \right explicitly. 56 . Hence. “primitive” versions of these symbols are called \lwave.

Table 160: nath Variable-sized Delimiters (Triple) ￿￿￿ [[[ ||| ∗ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿￿￿ ￿￿￿ ￿￿￿ \triple< \triple[ \ltriple|∗ ￿￿￿ ]]] ||| ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿￿￿ ￿￿￿ ￿￿￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \triple> \triple] \rtriple|∗ Similar to \lVert and \rVert in Table 159.) These are useful when the accent is supposed to replace the dot. “\hat{\imath}” produces a correct “ˆ ı ”. 57 . For example. Note that \triple—and the corresponding \double—is actually a macro that takes a delimiter as an argument. Table 161: fourier Variable-sized Delimiters ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \llbracket ￿ ￿ \rrbracket \VERT Table 162: textcomp Text-mode Delimiters 〈 ￿ ￿ \textlangle \textlbrackdbl \textlquill 〉 ￿ ￿ \textrangle \textrbrackdbl \textrquill Table 163: metre Text-mode Delimiters } { ￿ ￿ \alad \alas \angud \angus } \Alad { \Alas ￿ ￿ † ]] [[ \Angud \Angus \crux \quadrad \quadras † ]] [[ \Crux \Quadrad \Quadras Table 164: Math-mode Accents a ´ a ¯ a ˘ \acute{a} \bar{a} \breve{a} a ˇ a ¨ a ˙ \check{a} \ddot{a} \dot{a} a ` a ˆ ˚ a \grave{a} \hat{a} \mathring{a} a ˜ ￿ a \tilde{a} \vec{a} Also note the existence of \imath and \jmath. while “\hat{i}” would yield the rather odd-looking “ ˆ i ”. (See Table 201 on page 65. which produce dotless versions of “i ” and “j ”. \ltriple and \rtriple must be used instead of \triple to disambiguate whether “|” is a left or right delimiter.

..... ... a \dddot{a} a \ddddot{a} These accents are also provided by the mathabx and accents packages and are redefined by the mathdots package if the amsmath and amssymb packages have previously been loaded. All of the variations except for the original AMS ones tighten . Table 168: yhmath Math-mode Accents ˚ a \ring{a} A This symbol is largely obsolete. The mathabx and mathdots. \spirituslenis instead uses a crescent accent as in “ — a ”. 1998 [L T98].Table 165: AMS Math-mode Accents . Table 166: MnSymbol Math-mode Accents a ￿ \vec{a} Table 167: fge Math-mode Accents – A– a ∗ \spirituslenis{A}\spirituslenis{a}∗ When fge is passed the crescent option. versions also ˙˙˙ a a function properly within subscripts and superscripts (x instead of x ) .. 58 . the space between the dots (from a to ˙˙˙ a).. as standard L TEX 2ε has supported \mathring A since June.

an extensible long-division sign (“ )abc ”) can be faked by putting a “\big)” in a tabular environment with an \hline or \cline in the preceding row. See also the polynom package. With an optional argument. † ‡ Table 170: overrightarrow Extensible Accents = ⇒ abc \Overrightarrow{abc} Table 171: yhmath Extensible Accents ˆ abc ˚ ˆ abc \wideparen{abc} \widering{abc} È abc \widetriangle{abc} ← → abc abc ← − Table 172: AMS Extensible Accents \overleftrightarrow{abc} \underleftarrow{abc} abc ← → abc − → \underleftrightarrow{abc} \underrightarrow{abc} 59 .g. ∗ These symbols are made more extensible by the MnSymbol package and even more extensible by the yhmath package. \sqrt typesets nth roots. “x + −x” or “3 + 2 ”) then consider using the cancel package.. The article also presents a piece of code (uploaded to CTAN as longdiv. If you’re looking for an extensible diagonal line or arrow to be used for canceling or 5 reducing mathematical subexpressions (e.Table 169: Extensible Accents › abc ← − abc abc ￿￿￿￿ abc √ abc \widetilde{abc}∗ \overleftarrow{abc}† \overline{abc} \overbrace{abc} \sqrt{abc}‡ ” abc − → abc abc abc ￿￿￿￿ \widehat{abc}∗ \overrightarrow{abc}† \underline{abc} \underbrace{abc} As demonstrated in a 1997 TUGboat article about typesetting long-division problems [Gib97]. which automatically solves and typesets polynomial-division problems in a similar manner.tex) that automatically solves and typesets—by putting an \overline atop “\big)” and the desired text—long-division problems. √ 3 n “\sqrt[3]{abc}” produces “ abc ” and “\sqrt[n]{abc}” produces “ abc ”. For√ example.

See the mathtools documentation for more information. however. Table 175: mathabx Extensible Accents abc abc abc abc abc \overbrace{abc} \overgroup{abc} \underbrace{abc} \undergroup{abc} \widearrow{abc} abc abc abc ˚ abc \widebar{abc} \widecheck{abc} \wideparen{abc} \widering{abc} The braces shown for \overbrace and \underbrace appear in their minimum size.￿ abc ￿￿￿ ￿ ￿￿ abc ￿ ￿ abc ↼ ￿ abc ￿ abc ￿ abc Table 173: MnSymbol Extensible Accents \overbrace{abc} \overgroup{abc} \overlinesegment{abc} \overleftharpoon{abc} \widehat{abc} \wideparen{abc} abc ￿ abc ￿￿￿ ￿ ￿￿ abc ￿ ￿ ￿ ⇀ abc ￿ abc \underbrace{abc} \undergroup{abc} \underlinesegment{abc} \overrightharpoon{abc} \widetilde{abc} Table 174: mathtools Extensible Accents ￿￿￿￿ abc abc ∗ \overbrace{abc} \overbracket{abc}∗ abc ￿￿￿￿ abc \underbrace{abc} \underbracket{abc}∗ \overbracket and \underbracket accept optional arguments that specify the bracket height and thickness. Table 176: fourier Extensible Accents ￿ abc ￿ abc \widearc{abc} \wideOarc{abc} ￿ abc \wideparen{abc} \widering{abc} ˚ ￿ abc 60 . They can expand arbitrarily wide.

which looks like “xyxy ”. ← − − abc Table 180: AMS Extensible Arrows \xleftarrow{abc} − − → abc \xrightarrow{abc} 61 . Table 178: undertilde Extensible Accents abc › \utilde{abc} Because \utilde is based on \widetilde it is also made more extensible by the yhmath package. Table 179: ushort Extensible Accents abc \ushortdw{abc} abc \ushortw{abc} \ushortw and \ushortdw are intended to be used with multi-character arguments (“words”) while \ushortand \ushortd are intended to be used with singlecharacter arguments.Table 177: esvect Extensible Accents #” abc \vv{abc} with package option a #„ abc \vv{abc} with package option b #« abc \vv{abc} with package option c #» abc \vv{abc} with package option d #– abc \vv{abc} with package option e #— abc \vv{abc} with package option f #￿ abc \vv{abc} with package option g #‰ abc \vv{abc} with package option h esvect also defines a \vv* macro which is used to typeset arrows over vector variables with subscripts. See the esvect documentation for more information. Consider the output from the expression “\ushort{x}\ushort{y}\underline{x}\underline{y}”. The underlines produced by the ushort commands are shorter than those produced by the \underline command.

and \rightleftharpoonsfill macros. chemarrow also provides \larrowfill.Table 181: mathtools Extensible Arrows ← − −￿ ￿− − → ⇐ = = abc abc abc abc abc \xhookleftarrow{abc} \xhookrightarrow{abc} \xLeftarrow{abc} \xleftharpoondown{abc} \xleftharpoonup{abc} \xleftrightarrow{abc} \xLeftrightarrow{abc} ￿ − − − − ￿ ￿− − → = = ⇒ abc abc abc abc abc abc \xleftrightharpoons{abc} \xmapsto{abc} \xRightarrow{abc} \xrightharpoondown{abc} \xrightharpoonup{abc} \xrightleftharpoons{abc} ￿ − − ￿ − − ← − → abc abc − − ￿ − − ￿ − − ￿ ￿ − − ⇐ = ⇒ Table 182: chemarr Extensible Arrows − − ￿ ￿ − − abc \xrightleftharpoons{abc} Table 183: chemarrow Extensible Arrows abc D GGGGGGG def abc E GGGGGGG GGGGGGGC def abc GGGGGGGA def abc GGGGGGGB F GGGGGGG def \autoleftarrow{abc}{def} \autorightarrow{abc}{def} \autoleftrightharpoons{abc}{def} \autorightleftharpoons{abc}{def} In addition to the symbols shown above. \rarrowfill. \leftrightharpoonsfill. Each of these takes a length argument and produces an arrow of the specified length. Table 184: extarrows Extensible Arrows ⇐ = ⇒ ← − → abc abc abc abc abc \xLeftrightarrow{abc} \xleftrightarrow{abc} \xlongequal{abc} \xLongleftarrow{abc} \xlongleftarrow{abc} ⇐=⇒ ←− −→ = =⇒ abc abc abc abc \xLongleftrightarrow{abc} \xlongleftrightarrow{abc} \xLongrightarrow{abc} \xlongrightarrow{abc} = = = = ⇐= = ←− − − −→ 62 .

\vdots† While “:” is valid in math mode. fixed-height functionality of L TEX 2ε ’s \ddots and \vdots macros.4 and the Short Math Guide for L TEX [Dow00] for more information on math-mode spacing.Table 185: extpfeil Extensible Arrows = = = = ￿ − − − − abc abc \xlongequal{abc} \xtwoheadleftarrow{abc} ￿− − → abc abc \xmapsto{abc} \xtwoheadrightarrow{abc} − − − − ￿ The extpfeil package also provides a \newextarrow command to help you define your own extensible arrow symbols... † 63 . \ldotp \ldots . . . See A Section 8. Table 187: trfsigns Extensible Transform Symbols a \dft{a} a \DFT{a} Table 188: holtpolt Non-commutative Division Symbols abc def \holter{abc}{def} abc def \polter{abc}{def} Table 189: Dots · ··· ∗ \cdotp \cdots : . \ddots† . and altering the arrowhead. \colon uses different surrounding spacing. adjusting the distance between the arrow and its symbol.. . Table 186: DotArrow Extensible Arrows a ￿ \dotarrow{a} The DotArrow package provides mechanisms for lengthening the arrow. (They normally scale horizontally but not vertically. See the DotArrow documentation for more information. See the extpfeil documentation for more information.) \fixedddots A and \fixedvdots provide the original. The mathdots package redefines \ddots and \vdots to make them scale properly with font size. \colon∗ .

. \iddots Table 194: yhmath Dots . . \. \dotsi \dotsm \dotso ∴ \therefore∗ \because and \therefore are defined as binary relations and therefore also appear in Table 68 on page 30.. \: Table 195: teubner Dots . \adots . unlike most of the other dot symbols in this document.. .. . . \dotsm between pairs of multiplication signs. Furthermore. \cdotp and \colon produce the same glyphs as \cdot and \vdotdot respectively but serve as TEX math punctuation (class 6 symbols) instead of TEX binary operators (class 2). ∗ \because∗ \dotsb \dotsc Table 190: AMS Dots ··· ··· . .∵ ··· .. The AMS \dots symbols are named according to their intended usage: \dotsb between pairs of binary operators/relations. and \dotso between other symbol pairs. \dotsc between pairs of commas. . Also. \antilabe 64 . . Table 193: mathdots Dots .. . Table 191: wasysym Dots ∴ \wasytherefore ⋅ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∵ ￿ Table 192: MnSymbol Dots \cdot \ddotdot \ddots \diamonddots \downtherefore \fivedots ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∷ ￿ \hdotdot \hdots \lefttherefore \righttherefore \squaredots \udotdot ￿ ∴ ∶ ⋮ \udots \uptherefore \vdotdot \vdots MnSymbol defines \therefore as \uptherefore and \because as \downtherefore. All of the above except \hdots and \vdots are defined as binary operators and therefore also appear in Table 50 on page 23.. MnSymbol’s dots are defined as single characters instead of as composites of multiple single-dot characters. .. \? . \dotsi between pairs of integrals. .

amsfonts.D.† \clubsuit ￿ ♦ ∅ ￿ ♥ \Diamond∗ \diamondsuit \emptyset‡ \flat \heartsuit ∞ ￿ ∇ ￿ ¬ \infty \mho∗ \nabla \natural \neg ￿ ￿ ♠ ￿ \prime \sharp \spadesuit \surd \triangle A Not predefined in L TEX 2ε . which properly juxtaposes a symbol with the end of the proof text. or wasysym. Use one of the packages latexsym.E. consider using the ntheorem package. Note. Table 202) to that of A L TEX’s \emptyset. txfonts. pxfonts. amssymb.) marker. Many people prefer the look of AMS’s \varnothing (“∅”.Table 196: mathcomp Math Symbols ￿ µ \tccentigrade \tcmu Ω ￿ \tcohm \tcpertenthousand ‰ \tcperthousand Table 197: marvosym Digits 0 1 \MVZero \MVOne 2 3 \MVTwo \MVThree 4 5 \MVFour \MVFive 6 7 \MVSix \MVSeven 8 9 \MVEight \MVNine Table 198: fge Digits 0 \fgestruckzero 1 \fgestruckone Table 199: dozenal Base-12 Digits \x \e Table 200: mathabx Mayan Digits \maya{0} \maya{1} \maya{2} \maya{3} \maya{4} \maya{5} A Table 201: Miscellaneous L TEX 2ε Math Symbols ℵ \ ￿ ♣ ∗ ￿ \aleph \angle \backslash \Box∗. ‡ 65 . that amsfonts and amssymb define \Diamond to produce the same glyph as \lozenge (“♦”). † To use \Box—or any other symbol—as an end-of-proof (Q. the other packages produce a squarer \Diamond as depicted above. however.

Table 204: Miscellaneous txfonts/pxfonts Math Symbols ￿ ￿ ￿ \Diamondblack \Diamonddot \lambdabar ￿ ￿ ￿ \lambdaslash \varclubsuit \vardiamondsuit ￿ ￿ \varheartsuit \varspadesuit Table 205: Miscellaneous mathabx Math Symbols \degree \diagdown \diagup \diameter \fourth \hash \infty \leftthreetimes \measuredangle \pitchfork \propto \rightthreetimes \second \sphericalangle \third \varhash ∠ ⌐ ‵ ✓ ♣ ￿ Table 206: Miscellaneous MnSymbol Math Symbols \angle \backneg \backprime \checkmark \clubsuit \diameter ♢ ♭ ♡ ∞ ￿ ￿ \diamondsuit \flat \heartsuit \infty \invbackneg \invneg ￿ ￿ ∇ ￿ ¬ ′ \maltese \measuredangle \nabla \natural \neg \prime ♯ ￿ ♠ ￿ \sharp \smallint \spadesuit \sphericalangle MnSymbol defines \emptyset and \varnothing as synonyms for \diameter.∠ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \angle \backprime \bigstar \blacklozenge \blacksquare \blacktriangle Table 202: Miscellaneous AMS Math Symbols ￿ ￿ ￿ ð ♦ ￿ \blacktriangledown \diagdown \diagup \eth \lozenge \measuredangle ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ∅ ￿ \mho \sphericalangle \square \triangledown \varnothing \vartriangle Table 203: Miscellaneous wasysym Math Symbols ￿ \Box ￿ \Diamond ￿ \mho∗ ￿ \varangle ∗ wasysym also defines an \agemO symbol. which is the same glyph as \mho but is intended for use in text mode. \lnot and \minushookdown as synonyms for \neg. \hookdownminus as a synonym for \backneg. \hookupminus as a synonym for \invbackneg. 66 . \minushookup as a synonym for \invneg. and.

These symbols are intended to be used internally by MnSymbol to construct the integrals appearing in Table 64 on page 29 but can nevertheless be used in isolation. “1/4”. “3/4”. † Table 209: Miscellaneous marvosym Math Symbols W = \Anglesign \Corresponds p ÷ \Squaredot \Vectorarrow P \Vectorarrowhigh Table 210: Miscellaneous fge Math Symbols K M O \fgebackslash \fgebaracute \fgebarcap S Q N \fgecap \fgecapbar \fgecup R P i \fgecupacute \fgecupbar \fgeinfty h L \fgelangle \fgeupbracket Table 211: Miscellaneous mathdesign Math Symbols ∟ \rightangle Table 212: Miscellaneous arev Math Symbols ￿ ￿ \steaming \varclub ♦ ♥ \vardiamond \varheart 67 ￿ \varspade . ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 207: Miscellaneous Internal MnSymbol Math Symbols \partialvardint \partialvardlanddownint \partialvardlandupint \partialvardlcircleleftint \partialvardlcirclerightint \partialvardoiint \partialvardoint \partialvardrcircleleftint \partialvardrcirclerightint \partialvardstrokedint \partialvardsumint ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \partialvartint \partialvartlanddownint \partialvartlandupint \partialvartlcircleleftint \partialvartlcirclerightint \partialvartoiint \partialvartoint \partialvartrcircleleftint \partialvartrcirclerightint \partialvartstrokedint \partialvartsumint Table 208: Miscellaneous textcomp Text-mode Math Symbols ° ÷ ⁄ ¬ − ∗ \textdegree∗ \textdiv \textfractionsolidus \textlnot \textminus ½ ¼ ¹ ± √ \textonehalf† \textonequarter† \textonesuperior \textpm \textsurd ¾ ³ × ² \textthreequarters† \textthreesuperior \texttimes \texttwosuperior If you prefer a larger degree symbol you might consider defining one as “\ensuremath{^\circ}” (“◦ ”). and even “c/o”. nicefrac (part of the units package) or the newer xfrac package can be used to construct vulgar fractions like “1/2”.

txfonts. commands provided by the C A2e package are actually text-mode hin commands. “ ” is produced by “\mathbb{\Langle\Lbrack\Lparen\bbalpha\bbbeta\bbgamma\Rparen \Rbrack\Rangle}”.) The mathbbol package defines some additional blackboard bold characters: parentheses.2 times its design size for a better blend with typical body fonts.Table 213: Math Alphabets Font sample ABCdef123 ABCdef123 ABCdef ￿￿￿ ABC ABC or ABC or ABCdef123 ABC ￿￿￿ Generating command \mathrm{ABCdef123} \mathit{ABCdef123} \mathnormal{ABCdef123} \mathcal{ABC} \mathscr{ABC} \mathcal{ABC} \mathcal{ABC} \mathscr{ABC} \mathpzc{ABCdef123} \mathbb{ABC} \varmathbb{ABC} \mathbb{ABCdef123} \mathbb{ABCdef123} \mathbbm{ABCdef12} \mathbbmss{ABCdef12} \mathbbmtt{ABCdef12} \mathds{ABC1} \mathds{ABC1} \symA\symB\symC \mathfrak{ABCdef123} \textfrak{ABCdef123} \textswab{ABCdef123} \textgoth{ABCdef123} Required package none none none none mathrsfs calrsfs euscript with the mathcal option euscript with the mathscr option none . you can typeset the Calligra font’s script “ ” (or other calligraphic symbols) in math mode by loading the calligra package and putting “\DeclareMathAlphabet{\mathcalligra}{T1}{calligra}{m}{n}” in your document’s preamble to make \mathcalligra typeset its argument in the Calligra font. .§ amssymb. and \symUE (“ ”). manually defined∗ amsfonts. angle brackets. and—if the bbgreekl option is passed to mathbbol—Greek letters. For instance.2]callig15}{}” to set Calligra at 2. . These are presented in Table 130 on page 49. \symOE (“ ”). It supports not only the Greek alphabet—including “Greek-like” symbols such as \bbnabla (“ ”)—but also all punctuation marks. As a similar trick. Note that C A2e does provide hin math-mode commands for the most common number-set symbols. (You may also want to specify “\DeclareFontShape{T1}{calligra}{m}{n}{<->s*[2. square brackets. mbboard extends the blackboard bold symbol set significantly further.. 68 . C A2e provides three umlauted blackboard-bold letters: hin \symAE (“ ”). or pxfonts txfonts or pxfonts bbold or mathbbol† mbboard† bbm bbm bbm dsfont dsfont with the sans option china2e‡ eufrak yfonts¶ yfonts¶ yfonts¶ ABC1 ABC1 ABCdef123 ABCdef123 ABCdef123 ABCˇf123 ∗ Put “\DeclareMathAlphabet{\mathpzc}{OT1}{pzc}{m}{it}” in your document’s preamble to make \mathpzc typeset its argument in Zapf Chancery. † ‡ The \sym.g. “\bbfinalnun\bbyod\bbqof\bbpe” → “ ”). In addition to the 26 letters of the English alphabet. They are included in Table 213 because they resemble the blackboardbold symbols that appear in the rest of the table. various currency symbols such as \bbdollar (“ ”) and \bbeuro (“ ”). and the Hebrew alphabet (e.

N. the fonts provided by the yfonts package are actually text fonts. and Z. names imply.e. . S. Berthold Horn uploaded PostScript fonts for the older blackboardbold glyphs to CTAN. An older (i. and Z as C. As of this writing. to the fonts/msym10 directory. R.. however. prior to 1991) version of the AMS’s fonts rendered C. § 69 .¶ As their \text. R. S. N. As some people prefer the older glyphs—much to the AMS’s surprise—and because those glyphs fail to build under modern versions of METAFONT. . They are included in Table 213 because they are frequently used in a mathematical context. A there are no L TEX 2ε packages for utilizing the now-obsolete glyphs.

4 Science and technology symbols This section lists symbols that are employed in various branches of science and engineering. Consequently. . \phase works only with those TEX backends supported by pict2e.456}” produces “ ”. “\textifsym{b}” outputs a blank with the same width as an “ ”. as would appear on an LCD: “\textifsym{-123. See the pict2e documentation for more information. the following codes are valid: l L m M h H d D < << > >> This enables one to write “\textifsym{mm<DDD>mm}” to get “ ” or “\textifsym{L|H|L|H|L}” to get “ ”. \textifsym supports the display of segmented digits. within \textifsym{. Table 217: ar Aspect Ratio Symbol \AR Table 218: textcomp Text-mode Science and Engineering Symbols ￿ \textcelsius ￿ \textmho µ \textmu Ω \textohm Table 219: steinmetz Extensible Phasor Symbol abc \phase{abc} The \phase command uses the pict2e package to draw a horizontally and vertically scalable Steinmetz phasor symbol. . Table 214: gensymb Symbols Defined to Work in Both Math and Text Mode ￿ ° \celsius \degree µ Ω \micro \ohm ‰ \perthousand Table 215: wasysym Electrical and Physical Symbols ￿ \AC ￿ \VHF ￿￿￿￿ \photon F \HF ￿￿￿￿￿￿￿￿ \gluon Table 216: ifsym Pulse Diagram Symbols \FallingEdge \LongPulseHigh \LongPulseLow \PulseHigh \PulseLow \RaisingEdge \ShortPulseHigh \ShortPulseLow In addition. 70 . which provides a wide variety of pulse-diagram symbols within an environment designed specifically for typesetting pulse diagrams. Finally.}. See also the timing package.

Table 223: wasysym APL Symbols ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \APLbox \APLcomment \APLdown \APLdownarrowbox \APLinput ÷ ￿ ￿ ￿ − ￿ \APLinv \APLleftarrowbox \APLlog \APLminus \APLrightarrowbox ￿ ￿ ￿ − \ − / \APLstar \APLup \APLuparrowbox \notbackslash \notslash Table 224: wasysym APL Modifiers ◦ \APLcirc{} ∼ \APLnot{} 71 | \APLvert{} .Table 220: wasysym Astronomical Symbols ￿ ♀ ⊙ ￿ ￿ ￿ \mercury \venus \astrosun \aries \taurus \gemini \ascnode ♁ ♂ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \earth \mars \fullmoon \cancer \leo \virgo \descnode ￿ ￿ \jupiter \saturn \leftmoon \libra \scorpio \sagittarius \conjunction ￿ ￿ \uranus \neptune \newmoon \aquarius \capricornus \pisces \opposition ￿ \vernal ￿ ￿ \pluto ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rightmoon ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 221: marvosym Astronomical Symbols  à Á à á â \Mercury \Venus \Moon \Aries \Taurus \Gemini Ê Ä À ã ä å \Earth \Mars \Sun \Cancer \Leo \Virgo æ ç è \Libra \Scorpio \Sagittarius é ê ë \Capricorn \Aquarius \Pisces Å Æ \Jupiter \Saturn Ç È \Uranus \Neptune É \Pluto Note that \Aries . Table 222: mathabx Astronomical Symbols \Mercury \Venus \fullmoon \Aries \Earth \Mars \leftmoon \Taurus \Jupiter \Saturn \newmoon \Gemini \Uranus \Neptune \rightmoon \Pluto \varEarth \Sun mathabx also defines \girl as an alias for \Venus. and \Moon as an alias for \leftmoon. \Pisces can also be specified with \Zodiac{1} . . \boy as an alias for \Mars. . . . \Zodiac{12}.

not part of CP437. \NBSP.Table 225: marvosym Computer Hardware Symbols Í Ï \ComputerMouse \Keyboard Ñ Ò \ParallelPort \Printer Î Ð \SerialInterface \SerialPort Table 226: keystroke Computer Keys Alt AltGr Break →−￿ Ctrl ↓ Del End ∗ \Alt \AltGr \Break \Ctrl∗ \DArrow \Del∗ \End ∗ ∗ Enter Esc Home Ins ← Num Page ↓ Page ↑ \Enter∗ \Esc∗ \Home \Ins∗ \LArrow \NumLock \PgDown∗ \PgUp ∗ ∗ PrtSc → ←￿ Scroll Shift ⇑ \PrtSc∗ \RArrow \Return \Scroll∗ \Shift∗ \Spacebar \Tab† \UArrow \BSpace† → − − − − → ↑ Changes based on the language option passed to the keystroke package. represents a nonbreaking space. For example. 72 . represents ASCII character 0. The \keystroke command draws a key with an arbitrary label. These symbols utilize the rotating package and therefore display improperly in most DVI viewers. also not part of CP437. \splitvert is merely the “|” character drawn as it was on the IBM PC. the german option makes \Del produce “ Entf ” instead of “ Del ”. which was first utilized by the original IBM PC. The \NUL symbol. † Table 227: ascii Control Characters (CP437) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \SOH \STX \ETX \EOT \ENQ \ACK \BEL \DEL ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \BS \HT \LF \VT \FF \CR \SO \NBSP ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \SI \DLE \DCa \DCb \DCc \DCd \NAK \NUL ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ¦ \SYN \ETB \CAN \EM \SUB \ESC \FS ￿ ￿ ￿ \GS \RS \US \splitvert Code Page 437 (CP437). “\keystroke{F7}” produces “ F7 ”. uses the symbols \SOH through \US to depict ASCII characters 1–31 and \DEL to depict ASCII character 127. For example.

tex file.Table 228: milstd Logic Gates \ANDd \BUFu \NANDl \ORd \ANDl \BusWidth \NANDr \ORl \ANDr \INVd \NANDu \ORr \ANDu \INVl \NORd \ORu \BUFd \INVr \NORl \BUFl \INVu \NORr \BUFr \NANDd \NORu The milstd package. it must be loaded into a document with \input milstd. Table 229: marvosym Communication Symbols k z \Email \Emailct t u \fax \FAX v B \Faxmachine \Letter E H \Lightning \Mobilefone A T \Pickup \Telefon Table 230: marvosym Engineering Symbols " # › • % – \Beam \Bearing \Circpipe \Circsteel \Fixedbearing \Flatsteel ∗ l ’ & L $ ™ \Force \Hexasteel \Lefttorque \Lineload \Loosebearing \Lsteel ‘ ˜ ” ' Ÿ ￿ \Octosteel \Rectpipe \Rectsteel \Righttorque \RoundedLsteel∗ \RoundedTsteel∗ ￿ — “ œ š \RoundedTTsteel \Squarepipe \Squaresteel \Tsteel \TTsteel \RoundedLsteel and \RoundedTsteel seem to be swapped.S. Table 231: wasysym Biological Symbols ♀ \female ♂ \male 73 . not as a L TEX 2ε package. Consequently.09 A . at least in the 2000/05/01 version of marvosym. Department of Defense’s MIL-STD-806 standard. not with the more modern \usepackage{milstd}. which provides the digital logic-gate symbols specified by the A U. was written as a L TEX 2.

Table 232: marvosym Biological Symbols ~ ￿ „ \Female \FEMALE \FemaleFemale … } ￿ \FemaleMale \Hermaphrodite \HERMAPHRODITE | ƒ \MALE \Male \MaleMale { \Neutral Table 233: marvosym Safety-related Symbols h n \Biohazard \BSEfree C J \CEsign \Estatically ` a \Explosionsafe \Laserbeam j ! \Radioactivity \Stopsign Table 234: feyn Feynman Diagram Symbols \bigbosonloop \bigbosonloopA \bigbosonloopV \gvcropped \feyn{a} \feyn{c} \feyn{f} \feyn{fd} \feyn{fl} \feyn{flS} \feyn{fs} \hfermion \shfermion \smallbosonloop \smallbosonloopA \feyn{fu} \feyn{fv} \feyn{g} \feyn{g1} \feyn{gd} \feyn{gl} \feyn{glB} \feyn{glS} \feyn{glu} \feyn{gu} \feyn{gv} \feyn{gvs} \feyn{h} \feyn{hd} \feyn{hs} \feyn{hu} \feyn{m} \feyn{ms} \feyn{p} \feyn{P} \feyn{x} \smallbosonloopV \wfermion \whfermion All other arguments to the \feyn command produce a “ ” symbol. 74 . The feyn package provides various commands for composing the preceding symbols into complete Feynman diagrams. See the feyn documentation for examples and additional information.

A The pifont dingbat package warrants special mention. which outputs the character that lies at a given position in the font. and geometric shapes. arrows. However.5 Dingbats Dingbats are symbols such as stars. The consequence is that the pifont symbols can’t be listed by name in this document’s index. Among other capabilities. as a means to draw attention to the text that follows. rather than name each of the dingbats individually. pifont provides a L TEX interface to the Zapf Dingbats font (one of the standard 35 PostScript fonts). Table 235: bbding Arrows \ArrowBoldDownRight \ArrowBoldRightCircled \ArrowBoldRightShort \ArrowBoldRightStrobe \ArrowBoldUpRight Table 236: pifont Arrows ➔ → ↔ ↕ ➘ ➙ ➚ ➛ ➜ \ding{212} \ding{213} \ding{214} \ding{215} \ding{216} \ding{217} \ding{218} \ding{219} \ding{220} ➝ ➞ ➟ ➠ ➡ ➢ ➣ ➤ ➥ \ding{221} \ding{222} \ding{223} \ding{224} \ding{225} \ding{226} \ding{227} \ding{228} \ding{229} ➦ ➧ ➨ ➩ ➪ ➫ ➬ ➭ ➮ \ding{230} \ding{231} \ding{232} \ding{233} \ding{234} \ding{235} \ding{236} \ding{237} \ding{238} ➯ ➱ ➲ ➳ ➴ ➵ ➶ ➷ ➸ \ding{239} \ding{241} \ding{242} \ding{243} \ding{244} \ding{245} \ding{246} \ding{247} \ding{248} ➹ ➺ ➻ ➼ ➽ ➾ \ding{249} \ding{250} \ding{251} \ding{252} \ding{253} \ding{254} Table 237: universal Arrows \bauarrow \bauwhitearrow Table 238: marvosym Scissors s r \Cutleft \Cutline q R \Cutright \Kutline S Q \Leftscissors \Rightscissors Table 239: bbding Scissors \ScissorHollowLeft \ScissorHollowRight \ScissorLeft \ScissorLeftBrokenBottom \ScissorLeftBrokenTop \ScissorRight \ScissorRightBrokenBottom \ScissorRightBrokenTop Table 240: pifont Scissors ✁ \ding{33} ✂ \ding{34} 75 ✃ \ding{35} ✄ \ding{36} . so be mindful of that fact when searching for a particular symbol. They are commonly used as bullets in itemized lists or. pifont merely provides a single \ding command. more generally.

Table 241: dingbat Pencils \largepencil \smallpencil Table 242: bbding Pencils and Nibs \NibLeft \NibRight \NibSolidLeft \NibSolidRight \PencilLeft \PencilLeftDown \PencilLeftUp \PencilRight \PencilRightDown \PencilRightUp Table 243: pifont Pencils and Nibs ✎ \ding{46} ✏ \ding{47} ✐ \ding{48} ✑ \ding{49} ✒ \ding{50} Table 244: dingbat Fists \leftpointright \leftthumbsdown \leftthumbsup \rightpointleft \rightthumbsdown \rightthumbsup \rightpointright Table 245: bbding Fists \HandCuffLeft \HandCuffLeftUp \HandCuffRight \HandCuffRightUp \HandLeft \HandLeftUp \HandPencilLeft \HandRight \HandRightUp Table 246: pifont Fists ☛ \ding{42} ☞ \ding{43} ✌ \ding{44} ✍ \ding{45} Table 247: fourier Fists ￿ \lefthand ￿ \righthand Table 248: bbding Crosses and Plusses \Cross \CrossBoldOutline \CrossClowerTips \CrossMaltese \CrossOpenShadow \CrossOutline \Plus \PlusCenterOpen 76 \PlusOutline \PlusThinCenterOpen .

Table 249: pifont Crosses and Plusses ✙ ✚ \ding{57} \ding{58} ✛ ✜ \ding{59} \ding{60} ✝ ✞ \ding{61} \ding{62} ✟ ✠ \ding{63} \ding{64}

Table 250: bbding Xs and Check Marks \Checkmark \CheckmarkBold \XSolid \XSolidBold \XSolidBrush

Table 251: pifont Xs and Check Marks ✓ ✔ \ding{51} \ding{52} ✕ ✖ \ding{53} \ding{54} ✗ ✘ \ding{55} \ding{56}

Table 252: wasysym Xs and Check Marks ￿ \CheckedBox ￿ \Square ￿ \XBox

Table 253: universal Xs \baucross

Table 254: pifont Circled Numbers ① ② ③ ④ ⑤ ⑥ ⑦ ⑧ ⑨ ⑩ \ding{172} \ding{173} \ding{174} \ding{175} \ding{176} \ding{177} \ding{178} \ding{179} \ding{180} \ding{181} ❶ ❷ ❸ ❹ ❺ ❻ ❼ ❽ ❾ ❿ \ding{182} \ding{183} \ding{184} \ding{185} \ding{186} \ding{187} \ding{188} \ding{189} \ding{190} \ding{191} ➀ ➁ ➂ ➃ ➄ ➅ ➆ ➇ ➈ ➉ \ding{192} \ding{193} \ding{194} \ding{195} \ding{196} \ding{197} \ding{198} \ding{199} \ding{200} \ding{201} ➊ ➋ ➌ ➍ ➎ ➏ ➐ ➑ ➒ ➓ \ding{202} \ding{203} \ding{204} \ding{205} \ding{206} \ding{207} \ding{208} \ding{209} \ding{210} \ding{211}

pifont (part of the psnfss package) provides a dingautolist environment which resembles enumerate but uses circled numbers as bullets.4 See the psnfss documentation for more information.

Table 255: wasysym Stars ￿ \davidsstar ￿ \hexstar ￿ \varhexstar

4 In

fact, dingautolist can use any set of consecutive Zapf Dingbats symbols.

77

Table 256: bbding Stars, Flowers, and Similar Shapes \Asterisk \AsteriskBold \AsteriskCenterOpen \AsteriskRoundedEnds \AsteriskThin \AsteriskThinCenterOpen \DavidStar \DavidStarSolid \EightAsterisk \EightFlowerPetal \EightFlowerPetalRemoved \EightStar \EightStarBold \EightStarConvex \EightStarTaper \FiveFlowerOpen \FiveFlowerPetal \FiveStar \FiveStarCenterOpen \FiveStarConvex \FiveStarLines \FiveStarOpen \FiveStarOpenCircled \FiveStarOpenDotted \FiveStarOutline \FiveStarOutlineHeavy \FiveStarShadow \FourAsterisk \FourClowerOpen \FourClowerSolid \FourStar \FourStarOpen \JackStar \JackStarBold \SixFlowerAlternate \SixFlowerAltPetal \SixFlowerOpenCenter \SixFlowerPetalDotted \SixFlowerPetalRemoved \SixFlowerRemovedOpenPetal \SixStar \SixteenStarLight \Snowflake \SnowflakeChevron \SnowflakeChevronBold \Sparkle \SparkleBold \TwelweStar

Table 257: pifont Stars, Flowers, and Similar Shapes ✡ ✢ ✣ ✤ ✥ ✦ ✧ ★ ✩ \ding{65} \ding{66} \ding{67} \ding{68} \ding{69} \ding{70} \ding{71} \ding{72} \ding{73} ✪ ✫ ✬ ✭ ✮ ✯ ✰ ✱ ✲ \ding{74} \ding{75} \ding{76} \ding{77} \ding{78} \ding{79} \ding{80} \ding{81} \ding{82} ✳ ✴ ✵ ✶ ✷ ✸ ✹ ✺ ✻ \ding{83} \ding{84} \ding{85} \ding{86} \ding{87} \ding{88} \ding{89} \ding{90} \ding{91} ✼ ✽ ✾ ✿ ❀ ❁ ❂ ❃ ❄ \ding{92} \ding{93} \ding{94} \ding{95} \ding{96} \ding{97} \ding{98} \ding{99} \ding{100} ❅ ❆ ❇ ❈ ❉ ❊ ❋ \ding{101} \ding{102} \ding{103} \ding{104} \ding{105} \ding{106} \ding{107}

Table 258: fourier Ornaments ￿
￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿

\aldine \aldineleft \aldineright \aldinesmall \decofourleft \decofourright ￿

￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿

\decoone \decosix \decothreeleft \decothreeright \decotwo \floweroneleft ￿

￿ ￿ ￿ ￿

\floweroneright \leafleft \leafNE \leafright \starredbullet

Table 259: wasysym Geometric Shapes ￿ \hexagon ￿ \octagon ￿ \pentagon ￿ \varhexagon

78

￿ ￿ ￿ ￿

\filledlargestar \filledlozenge \filledmedlozenge \largecircle

MnSymbol defines \bigcirc as a synonym for \largecircle; \bigstar as a synonym for \filledlargestar; \lozenge as a synonym for \medlozenge; and, \blacklozenge as a synonym for \filledmedlozenge. ￿

￿ ￿ ￿

Table 260: MnSymbol Geometric Shapes \largediamond \largelozenge \largepentagram \largesquare ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \largestar \largestarofdavid \medlozenge \medstarofdavid

\smalllozenge

Table 261: ifsym Geometric Shapes \BigCircle \BigCross \BigDiamondshape \BigHBar \BigLowerDiamond \BigRightDiamond \BigSquare \BigTriangleDown \BigTriangleLeft \BigTriangleRight \BigTriangleUp \BigVBar \Circle \Cross \DiamondShadowA \DiamondShadowB \DiamondShadowC \Diamondshape \FilledBigCircle \FilledBigDiamondshape \FilledBigSquare \FilledBigTriangleDown \FilledBigTriangleLeft \FilledBigTriangleRight \FilledBigTriangleUp \FilledCircle \FilledDiamondShadowA \FilledDiamondShadowC \FilledDiamondshape \FilledSmallCircle \FilledSmallDiamondshape \FilledSmallSquare \FilledSmallTriangleDown \FilledSmallTriangleLeft \FilledSmallTriangleRight \FilledSmallTriangleUp \FilledSquare \FilledSquareShadowA \FilledSquareShadowC \FilledTriangleDown \FilledTriangleLeft \FilledTriangleRight \FilledTriangleUp \HBar \LowerDiamond \RightDiamond \SmallCircle \SmallCross \SmallDiamondshape \SmallHBar \SmallLowerDiamond \SmallRightDiamond \SmallSquare \SmallTriangleDown \SmallTriangleLeft \SmallTriangleRight \SmallTriangleUp \SmallVBar \SpinDown \SpinUp \Square \SquareShadowA \SquareShadowB \SquareShadowC \TriangleDown \TriangleLeft \TriangleRight \TriangleUp \VBar

The ifsym documentation points out that one can use \rlap to combine some of the above into useful, new symbols. For example, \BigCircle and \FilledSmallCircle combine to give “ ”. Likewise, \Square and \Cross combine to give “ ”. See Section 8.3 for more information about constructing new symbols out of existing symbols.

79

Table 262: bbding Geometric Shapes \CircleShadow \CircleSolid \DiamondSolid \Ellipse \EllipseShadow \EllipseSolid \HalfCircleLeft \HalfCircleRight \Rectangle \RectangleBold \RectangleThin \Square \SquareCastShadowBottomRight \SquareCastShadowTopLeft \SquareCastShadowTopRight \SquareShadowBottomRight \SquareShadowTopLeft \SquareShadowTopRight \SquareSolid \TriangleDown \TriangleUp Table 263: pifont Geometric Shapes ● ❍ ■ \ding{108} \ding{109} \ding{110} ❏ ❐ ❑ \ding{111} \ding{112} \ding{113} ❒ ▲ ▼ \ding{114} \ding{115} \ding{116} ◆ ◗ ❘ \ding{117} \ding{119} \ding{120} ❙ ❚ \ding{121} \ding{122} Table 264: universa Geometric Shapes \baucircle \bausquare \bautriangle Table 265: universal Geometric Shapes \baucircle \baueclipse \bauhole \baupunct \bausquare \bautriangle Table 266: Miscellaneous dingbat Dingbats \anchor \carriagereturn \checkmark \eye \filledsquarewithdots \satellitedish \Sborder \squarewithdots \Zborder Table 267: Miscellaneous bbding Dingbats \Envelope \OrnamentDiamondSolid \Peace \Phone \PhoneHandset \Plane \SunshineOpenCircled \Tape Table 268: Miscellaneous pifont Dingbats ☎ ✆ ✇ \ding{37} \ding{38} \ding{39} ✈ ✉ ❖ \ding{40} \ding{41} \ding{118} ❤ ❥ ❦ \ding{164} \ding{165} \ding{166} ❧ ♣ ♥ \ding{167} \ding{168} \ding{170} ♠ ♦ \ding{171} \ding{169} 80 .

. See the protosem documentation for more information. single-letter shortcuts can be used within the argument to the \textproto command (e.g. In addition.6 Ancient languages This section presents letters and ideograms from various ancient scripts. Some of these symbols may also be useful in other typesetting contexts. Table 269: phaistos Symbols from the Phaistos Disk J h X R K b D S c E M W \PHarrow \PHbee \PHbeehive \PHboomerang \PHbow \PHbullLeg \PHcaptive \PHcarpentryPlane \PHcat \PHchild \PHclub \PHcolumn \PHcomb \PHdolium \PHdove e o H p G a Z Q \PHeagle \PHflute \PHgaunlet \PHgrater \PHhelmet \PHhide \PHhorn \PHlid \PHlily \PHmanacles \PHmattock \PHoxBack \PHpapyrus \PHpedestrian \PHplaneTree B d l P L Y V r \PHplumedHead \PHram \PHrosette \PHsaw \PHshield \PHship \PHsling \PHsmallAxe \PHstrainer \PHtattooedHead \PHtiara \PHtunny \PHvine \PHwavyBand \PHwoman m N O n k q C I j s g U T f A i F Table 270: protosem Proto-Semitic Characters a A b B g d D e \Aaleph \AAaleph \Abeth \AAbeth \Agimel \Adaleth \AAdaleth \Ahe E z w H h T y Y \AAhe \Azayin \Avav \Aheth \AAheth \Ateth \Ayod \AAyod k K l L m n o O \Akaph \AAkaph \Alamed \AAlamed \Amem \Anun \Aayin \AAayin s p P x X q Q r \Asamekh \Ape \AApe \Asade \AAsade \Aqoph \AAqoph \Aresh R S v V t \AAresh \Ashin \Ahelmet \AAhelmet \Atav The protosem package defines abbreviated control sequences for each of the above. “\textproto{Pakyn}” produces “Pakyn”). 81 .

“\textpmhg{Pakin}” produces “Pakin”). Table 272: linearA Linear A Script ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearAI \LinearAII \LinearAIII \LinearAIV \LinearAV \LinearAVI \LinearAVII \LinearAVIII \LinearAIX \LinearAX \LinearAXI \LinearAXII \LinearAXIII ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearAXCIX \LinearAC \LinearACI \LinearACII \LinearACIII \LinearACIV \LinearACV \LinearACVI \LinearACVII \LinearACVIII \LinearACIX \LinearACX \LinearACXI ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACXCVII \LinearACXCVIII \LinearACXCIX \LinearACC \LinearACCI \LinearACCII \LinearACCIII \LinearACCIV \LinearACCV \LinearACCVI \LinearACCVII \LinearACCVIII \LinearACCIX ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACCXCV \LinearACCXCVI \LinearACCXCVII \LinearACCXCVIII \LinearACCXCIX \LinearACCC \LinearACCCI \LinearACCCII \LinearACCCIII \LinearACCCIV \LinearACCCV \LinearACCCVI \LinearACCCVII (continued on next page) 82 . See the hieroglf documentation for more information..Table 271: hieroglf Hieroglyphics A a B c b C \HA \Ha \HB \Hb \Hc \HC \HD \Hd \Hdual \He \HE \Hf \HF \HG \Hg \Hh \HH I i ˝ ˆ ¨ J \HI \Hi \Hibl \Hibp \Hibs \Hibw \HJ \Hj \Hk \HK \HL \Hl \Hm \HM \Hman \Hms \HN n O p o P ˙ + Q q \Hn \HO \Ho \Hp \HP \Hplural \Hplus \HQ \Hq \Hquery \HR \Hr \Hs \HS \Hscribe \Hslash \Hsv 7 T t U ˘ u \HT \Ht \Htongue \HU \Hu \HV \Hv \Hvbar \Hw \HW \HX \Hx \HY \Hy \Hz \HZ D ¸ ˜ j K L V | d e E v w W X x k l m ˇ ´ M f G ? R s F g H | r S ¯ / Y y z Z h N 3 ˚ 5 \Hone \Hten \Hhundred \Hthousand \HXthousand \HCthousand \Hmillion 2 4 6 The hieroglf package defines alternate control sequences and single-letter shortcuts for each of the above which can be used within the argument to the \textpmhg command (e.g.

(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearAXIV \LinearAXV \LinearAXVI \LinearAXVII \LinearAXVIII \LinearAXIX \LinearAXX \LinearAXXI \LinearAXXII \LinearAXXIII \LinearAXXIV \LinearAXXV \LinearAXXVI \LinearAXXVII \LinearAXXVIII \LinearAXXIX \LinearAXXX \LinearAXXXI \LinearAXXXII \LinearAXXXIII \LinearAXXXIV \LinearAXXXV \LinearAXXXVI \LinearAXXXVII \LinearAXXXVIII \LinearAXXXIX \LinearAXL \LinearAXLI \LinearAXLII \LinearAXLIII \LinearAXLIV \LinearAXLV \LinearAXLVI \LinearAXLVII \LinearAXLVIII \LinearAXLIX \LinearAL \LinearALI \LinearALII \LinearALIII \LinearALIV \LinearALV \LinearALVI \LinearALVII \LinearALVIII \LinearALIX \LinearALX \LinearALXI \LinearALXII \LinearALXIII \LinearALXIV \LinearALXV ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACXII \LinearACXIII \LinearACXIV \LinearACXV \LinearACXVI \LinearACXVII \LinearACXVIII \LinearACXIX \LinearACXX \LinearACXXI \LinearACXXII \LinearACXXIII \LinearACXXIV \LinearACXXV \LinearACXXVI \LinearACXXVII \LinearACXXVIII \LinearACXXIX \LinearACXXX \LinearACXXXI \LinearACXXXII \LinearACXXXIII \LinearACXXXIV \LinearACXXXV \LinearACXXXVI \LinearACXXXVII \LinearACXXXVIII \LinearACXXXIX \LinearACXL \LinearACXLI \LinearACXLII \LinearACXLIII \LinearACXLIV \LinearACXLV \LinearACXLVI \LinearACXLVII \LinearACXLVIII \LinearACXLIX \LinearACL \LinearACLI \LinearACLII \LinearACLIII \LinearACLIV \LinearACLV \LinearACLVI \LinearACLVII \LinearACLVIII \LinearACLIX \LinearACLX \LinearACLXI \LinearACLXII \LinearACLXIII ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACCX \LinearACCXI \LinearACCXII \LinearACCXIII \LinearACCXIV \LinearACCXV \LinearACCXVI \LinearACCXVII \LinearACCXVIII \LinearACCXIX \LinearACCXX \LinearACCXXI \LinearACCXXII \LinearACCXXIII \LinearACCXXIV \LinearACCXXV \LinearACCXXVI \LinearACCXXVII \LinearACCXXVIII \LinearACCXXIX \LinearACCXXX \LinearACCXXXI \LinearACCXXXII \LinearACCXXXIII \LinearACCXXXIV \LinearACCXXXV \LinearACCXXXVI \LinearACCXXXVII \LinearACCXXXVIII \LinearACCXXXIX \LinearACCXL \LinearACCXLI \LinearACCXLII \LinearACCXLIII \LinearACCXLIV \LinearACCXLV \LinearACCXLVI \LinearACCXLVII \LinearACCXLVIII \LinearACCXLIX \LinearACCL \LinearACCLI \LinearACCLII \LinearACCLIII \LinearACCLIV \LinearACCLV \LinearACCLVI \LinearACCLVII \LinearACCLVIII \LinearACCLIX \LinearACCLX \LinearACCLXI ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACCCVIII \LinearACCCIX \LinearACCCX \LinearACCCXI \LinearACCCXII \LinearACCCXIII \LinearACCCXIV \LinearACCCXV \LinearACCCXVI \LinearACCCXVII \LinearACCCXVIII \LinearACCCXIX \LinearACCCXX \LinearACCCXXI \LinearACCCXXII \LinearACCCXXIII \LinearACCCXXIV \LinearACCCXXV \LinearACCCXXVI \LinearACCCXXVII \LinearACCCXXVIII \LinearACCCXXIX \LinearACCCXXX \LinearACCCXXXI \LinearACCCXXXII \LinearACCCXXXIII \LinearACCCXXXIV \LinearACCCXXXV \LinearACCCXXXVI \LinearACCCXXXVII \LinearACCCXXXVIII \LinearACCCXXXIX \LinearACCCXL \LinearACCCXLI \LinearACCCXLII \LinearACCCXLIII \LinearACCCXLIV \LinearACCCXLV \LinearACCCXLVI \LinearACCCXLVII \LinearACCCXLVIII \LinearACCCXLIX \LinearACCCL \LinearACCCLI \LinearACCCLII \LinearACCCLIII \LinearACCCLIV \LinearACCCLV \LinearACCCLVI \LinearACCCLVII \LinearACCCLVIII \LinearACCCLIX (continued on next page) 83 .

(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearALXVI \LinearALXVII \LinearALXVIII \LinearALXIX \LinearALXX \LinearALXXI \LinearALXXII \LinearALXXIII \LinearALXXIV \LinearALXXV \LinearALXXVI \LinearALXXVII \LinearALXXVIII \LinearALXXIX \LinearALXXX \LinearALXXXI \LinearALXXXII \LinearALXXXIII \LinearALXXXIV \LinearALXXXV \LinearALXXXVI \LinearALXXXVII \LinearALXXXVIII \LinearALXXXIX \LinearALXXXX \LinearAXCI \LinearAXCII \LinearAXCIII \LinearAXCIV \LinearAXCV \LinearAXCVI \LinearAXCVII \LinearAXCVIII ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACLXIV \LinearACLXV \LinearACLXVI \LinearACLXVII \LinearACLXVIII \LinearACLXIX \LinearACLXX \LinearACLXXI \LinearACLXXII \LinearACLXXIII \LinearACLXXIV \LinearACLXXV \LinearACLXXVI \LinearACLXXVII \LinearACLXXVIII \LinearACLXXIX \LinearACLXXX \LinearACLXXXI \LinearACLXXXII \LinearACLXXXIII \LinearACLXXXIV \LinearACLXXXV \LinearACLXXXVI \LinearACLXXXVII \LinearACLXXXVIII \LinearACLXXXIX \LinearACLXXXX \LinearACXCI \LinearACXCII \LinearACXCIII \LinearACXCIV \LinearACXCV \LinearACXCVI ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACCLXII \LinearACCLXIII \LinearACCLXIV \LinearACCLXV \LinearACCLXVI \LinearACCLXVII \LinearACCLXVIII \LinearACCLXIX \LinearACCLXX \LinearACCLXXI \LinearACCLXXII \LinearACCLXXIII \LinearACCLXXIV \LinearACCLXXV \LinearACCLXXVI \LinearACCLXXVII \LinearACCLXXVIII \LinearACCLXXIX \LinearACCLXXX \LinearACCLXXXI \LinearACCLXXXII \LinearACCLXXXIII \LinearACCLXXXIV \LinearACCLXXXV \LinearACCLXXXVI \LinearACCLXXXVII \LinearACCLXXXVIII \LinearACCLXXXIX \LinearACCLXXXX \LinearACCXCI \LinearACCXCII \LinearACCXCIII \LinearACCXCIV ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LinearACCCLX \LinearACCCLXI \LinearACCCLXII \LinearACCCLXIII \LinearACCCLXIV \LinearACCCLXV \LinearACCCLXVI \LinearACCCLXVII \LinearACCCLXVIII \LinearACCCLXIX \LinearACCCLXX \LinearACCCLXXI \LinearACCCLXXII \LinearACCCLXXIII \LinearACCCLXXIV \LinearACCCLXXV \LinearACCCLXXVI \LinearACCCLXXVII \LinearACCCLXXVIII \LinearACCCLXXIX \LinearACCCLXXX \LinearACCCLXXXI \LinearACCCLXXXII \LinearACCCLXXXIII \LinearACCCLXXXIV \LinearACCCLXXXV \LinearACCCLXXXVI \LinearACCCLXXXVII \LinearACCCLXXXVIII \LinearACCCLXXXIX 84 .

Singlecharacter shortcuts are also supported: Both “\textlinb{\Bpa\Bki\Bna}” and “\textlinb{pcn}” produce “pcn”. Table 274: linearb Linear B Numerals ´ ˆ ˜ ¨ ˝ ˚ \BNi \BNii \BNiii \BNiv \BNv \BNvi ˇ ˘ ¯ ˙ ¸ ˛ \BNvii \BNviii \BNix \BNx \BNxx \BNxxx ‚ ‹ › “ ” „ \BNxl \BNl \BNlx \BNlxx \BNlxxx \BNxc « » – — ￿ ‰ \BNc \BNcc \BNccc \BNcd \BNd \BNdc ı  ff fi \BNdcc \BNdccc \BNcm \BNm These symbols must appear either within the argument to \textlinb or following the \linbfamily font-selection command within a scope. 85 . Table 275: linearb Linear B Weights and Measures Ď Ĺ \BPtalent \BPvola Ľ Ł \BPvolb \BPvolcd Ń Ă \BPvolcf \BPwta Ą Ć \BPwtb \BPwtc Č \BPwtd These symbols must appear either within the argument to \textlinb or following the \linbfamily font-selection command within a scope. for example. See the linearb documentation for more information.Table 273: linearb Linear B Basic and Optional Letters a . < = d D f g x > ? e i \Ba \Baii \Baiii \Bau \Bda \Bde \Bdi \Bdo \Bdu \Bdwe \Bdwo \Be \Bi j J b L k K c h v m M y A \Bja \Bje \Bjo \Bju \Bka \Bke \Bki \Bko \Bku \Bma \Bme \Bmi \Bmo B n N C E F @ o p [ P G H \Bmu \Bna \Bne \Bni \Bno \Bnu \Bnwa \Bo \Bpa \Bpaiii \Bpe \Bpi \Bpo ] I \ q Q X 8 r ^ _ R O U \Bpte \Bpu \Bpuii \Bqa \Bqe \Bqi \Bqo \Bra \Braii \Braiii \Bre \Bri \Bro ‘ V s S Y 1 2 { | t } T 3 \Broii \Bru \Bsa \Bse \Bsi \Bso \Bsu \Bswa \Bswi \Bta \Btaii \Bte \Bti 4 5 ~ u w W 6 7 z Z 9 \Bto \Btu \Btwo \Bu \Bwa \Bwe \Bwi \Bwo \Bza \Bze \Bzo These symbols must appear either within the argument to \textlinb or following the \linbfamily font-selection command within a scope.

Singlecharacter shortcuts are also supported: Both “\textcypr{\Cpa\Cki\Cna}” and “\textcypr{pcn}” produce “pcn”. Table 278: cypriot Cypriot Letters a e g i j b k K c h \Ca \Ce \Cga \Ci \Cja \Cjo \Cka \Cke \Cki \Cko v l L d f q m M y A \Cku \Cla \Cle \Cli \Clo \Clu \Cma \Cme \Cmi \Cmo B n N C E F o p P G \Cmu \Cna \Cne \Cni \Cno \Cnu \Co \Cpa \Cpe \Cpi H I r R O U V s S Y \Cpo \Cpu \Cra \Cre \Cri \Cro \Cru \Csa \Cse \Csi 1 2 t T 3 4 5 u w W \Cso \Csu \Cta \Cte \Cti \Cto \Ctu \Cu \Cwa \Cwe 6 7 x X j b g 9 \Cwi \Cwo \Cxa \Cxe \Cya \Cyo \Cza \Czo These symbols must appear either within the argument to \textcypr or following the \cyprfamily font-selection command within a scope. Table 277: linearb Unidentified Linear B Symbols fl ffi ffl \BUi \BUii \BUiii ! " \BUiv \BUv \BUvi # $ % \BUvii \BUviii \BUix & ’ ­ \BUx \BUxi \BUxii ­ \Btwe These symbols must appear either within the argument to \textlinb or following the \linbfamily font-selection command within a scope. See the cypriot documentation for more information. 86 .Table 276: linearb Linear B Ideograms Ž ij Ş ť ľ Ű ň đ § ÿ \BPamphora \BParrow \BPbarley \BPbilly \BPboar \BPbronze \BPbull \BPcauldroni \BPcauldronii \BPchariot ź Ř ŋ Ÿ š ě ş Ź Ů ď \BPchassis \BPcloth \BPcow \BPcup \BPewe \BPfoal \BPgoat \BPgoblet \BPgold \BPhorse ă ţ Ţ ń ĺ ś ř ł ¡ ż \BPman \BPnanny \BPolive \BPox \BPpig \BPram \BPsheep \BPsow \BPspear \BPsword Š ž Ť Ż IJ İ ą Ś \BPwheat \BPwheel \BPwine \BPwineiih \BPwineiiih \BPwineivh \BPwoman \BPwool These symbols must appear either within the argument to \textlinb or following the \linbfamily font-selection command within a scope. for example.

If both teubner and amssymb are loaded. Table 280: teubner Archaic Greek Letters and Greek Numerals ￿ ￿ ￿ ∗ \Coppa† \coppa† \digamma∗.‡ ￿ ￿ ￿ \Digamma∗ \koppa∗ \Sampi ￿ ￿ ￿ \sampi∗ \Stigma \stigma∗ ￿ \varstigma Technically. these symbols do not require teubner. Singlecharacter shortcuts are also supported: Both “\textsarab{\SAb\SAk\SAn}” and “\textsarab{bkn}” produce “bkn”. it is sufficient to load the babel package with the greek option (upon which teubner depends)—but use \qoppa for \koppa and \ddigamma for \digamma. regardless of package-loading order. † ‡ 87 . For compatibility with other naming conventions teubner defines \Koppa as a synonym for \Coppa and \varcoppa as a synonym for \coppa. for example. See the sarabian documentation for more information. teubner’s \digamma replaces amssymb’s \digamma.Table 279: sarabian South Arabian Letters a b g d h w \SAa \SAb \SAg \SAd \SAh \SAw z H T y k l \SAz \SAhd \SAtd \SAy \SAk \SAl m n s f ‘ o \SAm \SAn \SAs \SAf \SAlq \SAo x q r S t I \SAsd \SAq \SAr \SAsv \SAt \SAhu D J G Z X B \SAdb \SAtb \SAga \SAzd \SAsa \SAdd These symbols must appear either within the argument to \textsarab or following the \sarabfamily font-selection command within a scope.

others represent motley assortments of whatever the font designer felt like drawing. Table 281: textcomp Genealogical Symbols ￿ ￿ \textborn \textdied ￿ ￿ \textdivorced \textleaf ￿ \textmarried Table 282: wasysym General Symbols ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \ataribox \bell \blacksmiley \Bowtie \brokenvert \checked ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \clock \diameter \DOWNarrow \frownie \invdiameter \kreuz ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \LEFTarrow \lightning \phone \pointer \recorder \RIGHTarrow ￿ ☉ ￿ ◊ \smiley \sun \UParrow \wasylozenge Table 283: wasysym Circles ￿ ￿ ￿ \CIRCLE \Circle \LEFTCIRCLE ￿ ￿ ￿ \LEFTcircle \Leftcircle \RIGHTCIRCLE ￿ ￿ ￿ \RIGHTcircle \Rightcircle \leftturn ￿ \rightturn Table 284: wasysym Musical Symbols ￿ \eighthnote ￿ \halfnote ￿ \twonotes ￿ \fullnote ♩ \quarternote See also \flat.g. \sharp. \sharp..7 Other symbols The following are all the symbols that didn’t fit neatly or unambiguously into any of the previous sections. Table 285: arev Musical Symbols ￿ \quarternote ♪ \eighthnote ￿ \sixteenthnote See also \flat. and \natural (Table 201 on page 65). musical notes). 88 . and \natural (Table 201 on page 65). (Do weather symbols belong under “Science and technology”? Should dice be considered “mathematics”?) While some of the tables contain clearly related groups of symbols (e.

a. In addition to the accents shown above. correspondingly.X. ¯ < \HaPa \Pu ‰ ˇ “) \Sech = = ˇ “ \SechBL = = “ \SechBl ˇ= ˘“ < \Halb < ˇ“ > @ = = ˇ “ \SechBR = = ˇ “= \SechBr \SePa \UB \Vier \ViPa > ˇ “* A \VM \Zwdr \ZwPa Table 287: harmony Musical Accents . ￿ Aa \Fermi{A}\Fermi{a} ❧ ❧ \Kr{A}\Kr{a} A a / A / a \Ohne{A}\Ohne{a}∗ ∗ These symbols take an optional argument which shifts the accent either horizontally or vertically (depending on the command) by the given distance. “\Takt{12}{8}” produces “ 12 8 ”.￿ .c. “\Takt{c}{0}” produces “S ” and “\Takt{c}{1}” produces “R ”.. For example. “\HH. ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ Table 289: Miscellaneous manfnt Symbols \manboldkidney \manconcentriccircles \manconcentricdiamond \mancone \mancube \manerrarrow \manfilledquartercircle \manhpennib \manimpossiblecube \mankidney \manlhpenkidney 89 \manpenkidney \manquadrifolium \manquartercircle \manrotatedquadrifolium \manrotatedquartercircle \manstar \mantiltpennib \mantriangledown \mantriangleright \mantriangleup \manvpennib ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ . \HH is a special accent command which accepts five period-separated characters and typesets them such that b c d”. and \textreversedvideodbend.d.= = ˇ “ˇ “ “( ˇ= = ˇ “= = ˇ“ D D Table 286: harmony Musical Symbols \AAcht \Acht \AchtBL \AchtBR \AcPa \DD D / D \DDohne \Dohne \Ds \DS \Ganz \GaPa / D s s S S ? The musixtex package must be installed to use harmony. As two special cases. The musixtex package must be installed to use harmony...b. \Takt takes two arguments and composes them into a musical time signature.X. which it calls. ￿ Aa \Ferli{A}\Ferli{a}∗ .￿ . \textdbend.. ￿ A￿ a \Umd{A}\Umd{a}∗ ￿ Table 288: manfnt Dangerous Bend Symbols \dbend \lhdbend \reversedvideodbend ￿ ￿ Note that these symbols descend far beneath the baseline.” produces “X”. \textlhdbend.” produces “X All arguments except the first can be omita ted: “\HH. manfnt also defines nondescending versions.

Table 290: marvosym Navigation Symbols · ¸ ¹ \Forward \ForwardToEnd \ForwardToIndex » º ¶ \MoveDown \MoveUp \Rewind ´ µ ½ \RewindToIndex \RewindToStart \ToBottom ¼ \ToTop Table 291: marvosym Laundry Symbols Ø Ó Õ Ë « ¾ ¿ ¬ ­ Ý \AtForty \AtNinetyFive \AtSixty \Bleech \CleaningA \CleaningF \CleaningFF \CleaningP \CleaningPP \Dontwash Ü ¯ ° ± Ì ¨ ² ￿ × Ù \Handwash \IroningI \IroningII \IroningIII \NoBleech \NoChemicalCleaning \NoIroning \NoTumbler \ShortFifty \ShortForty Ô Ö Û Ú ￿ ‰ Š ‹ \ShortNinetyFive \ShortSixty \ShortThirty \SpecialForty \Tumbler \WashCotton \WashSynthetics \WashWool Table 292: marvosym Information Symbols ® V U K X \Bicycle \Checkedbox \Clocklogo \Coffeecup \Crossedbox o x I i y \Football \Gentsroom \Industry \Info \Ladiesroom Z w b \Pointinghand \Wheelchair \Writinghand Table 293: Other marvosym Symbols ˆ ý ¥ ‡ ª \Ankh \Bat \Bouquet \Celtcross \CircledA † F f § ￿ \Cross \FHBOlogo \FHBOLOGO \Frowny \FullFHBO Œ ÿ m @ : \Heart \MartinVogel \Mundus \MVAt \MVRightarrow © þ Y \Smiley \Womanface \Yinyang Table 294: Miscellaneous universa Symbols \bauforms \bauhead Table 295: Miscellaneous universal Symbols \baudash \bauequal \bauface \bauforms \bauhead \bauplus \bauquarter \bauquestion \bauwindow \varQ 90 .

“\showclock{5}{40}” produces “ ”. Table 297: ifsym Weather Symbols \Cloud \FilledCloud \FilledRainCloud \FilledSunCloud \FilledWeakRainCloud \Fog \Hail \HalfSun \Lightning \NoSun \Rain \RainCloud \Sleet \Snow \SnowCloud \Sun \SunCloud \ThinFog \WeakRain \WeakRainCloud \FilledSnowCloud In addition. 91 . For example. a given angle (in degrees). \Thermo{0}. \wind{￿sun ￿}{￿angle ￿}{￿strength ￿} will draw wind symbols with a given amount of sun (0–4). . Table 298: ifsym Alpine Symbols \SummitSign \StoneMan \Hut \FilledHut \Village \Summit \Mountain \IceMountain \VarMountain \VarIceMountain \SurveySign \Joch \Flag \VarFlag \Tent \HalfFilledHut \VarSummit Table 299: ifsym Clocks \Interval \StopWatchEnd \StopWatchStart \Taschenuhr \VarClock \VarTaschenuhr \Wecker ifsym also exports a \showclock macro. \xswordsup (“￿”). \wind{0}{0}{0} produces “ ”. and \xswordsdown (“￿”). . \showclock{￿hours ￿}{￿minutes ￿} outputs a clock displaying the corresponding time.\Thermo{6} produce thermometers that are between 0/6 and 6/6 full of mercury: Similarly. ￿hours ￿ must be an integer from 0 to 11.Table 296: Miscellaneous fourier Symbols ￿ ￿ ∗ \bomb \danger ￿ ￿ \grimace \noway ￿ ￿ \textthing∗ \textxswdown∗ ￿ \textxswup∗ fourier defines math-mode aliases for a few of the preceding symbols: \thething (“￿”). \wind{2}{0}{0} produces “ ”. For instance. and \wind{4}{0}{100} produces “ ”. and ￿minutes ￿ must be an integer multiple of 5 from 0 to 55. and a given strength in km/h (0– 100).

\ClockFramefalse \ClockFrametrue Table 302: epsdice Dice \epsdice{1} \epsdice{2} \epsdice{3} \epsdice{4} \epsdice{5} \epsdice{6} Table 303: hhcount Dice \fcdice{1} \fcdice{2} \fcdice{3} \fcdice{4} \fcdice{5} \fcdice{6} The \fcdice command accepts values larger than 6. “\fcscore{47}” produces “ ”. The \fcscore command accepts values larger than 5. Clock symbols are composed from a font of clock-face fragments using one of four values for \ClockStyle and either \ClockFrametrue or \ClockFrametrue as illustrated above. the clocks in the above table were produced with \clock{15}{41}. 92 . For example. See the clock documentation for more information. “\fcdice{47}” produces “ ”. For example.Table 300: Other ifsym Symbols \FilledSectioningDiamond \Fire \Irritant \Cube{1} \Cube{2} \StrokeOne \StrokeTwo \Letter \PaperLandscape \PaperPortrait \Cube{3} \Cube{4} \StrokeThree \StrokeFour \Radiation \SectioningDiamond \Telephone \Cube{5} \Cube{6} \StrokeFive Table 301: clock Clocks \ClockStyle 0 1 2 3 The clock package provides a \clock command to typeset an arbitrary time on an analog clock (and \clocktime to typeset the document’s build time). Table 304: hhcount Tally Markers \fcscore{1} \fcscore{2} \fcscore{3} \fcscore{4} \fcscore{5} For example.

Table 305: skull Symbols \skull Table 306: Non-Mathematical mathabx Symbols \rip Table 307: skak Chess Informator Symbols g i b a e X O I + RR P l n V t G \bbetter \bdecisive \betteris \bishoppair \bupperhand \capturesymbol \castlingchar \castlinghyphen \centre \checksymbol \chesscomment \chessetc \chesssee \compensation \counterplay \devadvantage \diagonal d L j H O O-O-O x y m S U N F o r M s \doublepawns \ending \equal \file \kside \longcastling \markera \markerb \mate \morepawns \moreroom \novelty \onlymove \opposbishops \passedpawn \qside \samebishops q O-O T k u R f h J v A E C w c D \seppawns \shortcastling \timelimit \unclear \unitedpawns \various \wbetter \wdecisive \weakpt \with \withattack \withidea \withinit \without \wupperhand \zugzwang 93 .

. . .Table 308: skak Chess Pieces and Chessboard Squares a b Z j k m n o p l q \BlackBishopOnBlack \BlackBishopOnWhite \BlackEmptySquare \BlackKingOnBlack \BlackKingOnWhite \BlackKnightOnBlack \BlackKnightOnWhite \BlackPawnOnBlack \BlackPawnOnWhite \BlackQueenOnBlack \BlackQueenOnWhite s r B K N p Q R \BlackRookOnBlack \BlackRookOnWhite \symbishop \symking \symknight \sympawn \symqueen \symrook \WhiteBishopOnBlack \WhiteBishopOnWhite \WhiteEmptySquare A B 0 J K M N O P L Q S R \WhiteKingOnBlack \WhiteKingOnWhite \WhiteKnightOnBlack \WhiteKnightOnWhite \WhitePawnOnBlack \WhitePawnOnWhite \WhiteQueenOnBlack \WhiteQueenOnWhite \WhiteRookOnBlack \WhiteRookOnWhite The skak package also provides commands for drawing complete chessboards. . . The igo package is intended to typeset Go boards (goban). 94 . respectively. igo’s \blackstone and \whitestone commands accept numbers from 1 to 99 and display them circled as . . . . . and . . See the skak documentation for more information. Table 309: igo Go Stones \blackstone[\igocircle] \blackstone[\igocross] \blackstone[\igonone] \blackstone[\igosquare] \blackstone[\igotriangle] \whitestone[\igocircle] \whitestone[\igocross] \whitestone[\igonone] \whitestone[\igosquare] \whitestone[\igotriangle] In addition to the symbols shown above. See the igo documentation for more information. .

two \barbbrevises. and a \dBar into “λθλθλ||λββλββλ”.Table 310: metre Metrical Symbols ´ ˘ ˘ ´ ˘ ˘ ´ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ´ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ˘ ´ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ × × \a \B \b \Bb \BB \bb \bB \bba \bbb \BBm ´ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ´ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ¯ ´ ˘ ¯ \bBm \bbm \Bbm \bbmb \bbmx \bm \Bm \c \C \Cc ¯ ´ ¯ ¯ ´ ¯ ˘ ¯ ˘ ´ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ´ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ × \cc \Ccc \m \M \ma \Mb \mb \mBb \mbB \mbb ˙ ˙ ¯ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙˙˙ ¯ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ´ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ◦◦ \Mbb \mbbx \oo \p \pm \pp \Pp \ppm \ppp \Ppp ˙ ˙˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ˙ ∼ ∼ ⊗ \Pppp \pppp \Ppppp \ppppp \ps \pxp \Pxp \R \r \T ⊗ ˙ ¯ ˙ ¯ ˙ ˙˙ ˙ \t \tsbm \tsmb \tsmm \vppm \vpppm \x The preceding symbols are valid only within the argument to the metre command. For example. Table 311: metre Small and Large Metrical Symbols ÷ < · < · × ·· ·· ∧ ⊃ > · > · ⊗ ⊕ ∼ · · \anaclasis \antidiple \antidiple* \antisigma \asteriscus \catalexis \diple \diple* \obelus \obelus* \respondens \terminus \terminus* ÷ < · < · × ·· ·· ∧ ⊃ > · > · · · ∼ ⊗ ⊕ \Anaclasis \Antidiple \Antidiple* \Antisigma \Asteriscus \Catalexis \Diple \Diple* \Obelus \Obelus* \Respondens \Terminus \Terminus* Table 312: teubner Metrical Symbols Ι Θ Κ Ξ Ζ Ψ θ \aeolicbii \aeolicbiii \aeolicbiv \anceps \ancepsdbrevis \banceps \barbbrevis ι ς β γ ￿ ￿ H \barbrevis \bbrevis \brevis \catal \corona \coronainv \hiatus η λ ε δ φ κ \ipercatal \longa \ubarbbrevis \ubarbrevis \ubarsbrevis \ubrevislonga The teubner package provides a \newmetrics command that helps users combine the preceding symbols as well as other teubner symbols. 95 . See the teubner documentation for more information. the predefined \pentam symbol uses \newmetrics to juxtapose six \longas. four \brevises.

each of the above can be prefixed with \Left to make the character face left instead of right: \Left\Bart 96 . Also. See A METAFONT of ‘Simpsons’ characters [Che97] for more information.Table 313: dictsym Dictionary Symbols a G A B C \dsaeronautical \dsagricultural \dsarchitectural \dsbiological \dschemical c H J L M \dscommercial \dsheraldical \dsjuridical \dsliterary \dsmathematical m X R T \dsmedical \dsmilitary \dsrailways \dstechnical Table 314: simpsons Characters from The Simpsons \Bart \Homer \Maggie \SNPP \Burns \Lisa \Marge The location of the characters’ pupils can be controlled with the \Goofy command.

corners. See the pmboxdraw documentation for more information. \vrule) instead of with a font and thereby provides the ability to alter both rule width and the separation between rules. contains the set of box-drawing symbols (sides. The pmboxdraw package draws the CP437 box-drawing symbols using TEX rules (specifically. which was first utilized by the original IBM PC.and double-ruled boxes) shown above in character positions 176–223. and intersections of single. These symbols also appear in the Unicode Box Drawing and Block Element tables. Table 316: staves Magical Staves ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \staveI \staveII \staveIII \staveIV \staveV \staveVI \staveVII \staveVIII \staveIX \staveX \staveXI ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \staveXXIV \staveXXV \staveXXVI \staveXXVII \staveXXVIII \staveXXIX \staveXXX \staveXXXI \staveXXXII \staveXXXIII \staveXXXIV ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \staveXLVII \staveXLVIII \staveXLIX \staveL \staveLI \staveLII \staveLIII \staveLIV \staveLV \staveLVI \staveLVII ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ (continued on next page) 97 .Table 315: pmboxdraw Box-Drawing Symbols \textblock \textdkshade \textdnblock \textlfblock \textltshade \textrtblock \textSFi \textSFii \textSFiii \textSFiv \textSFix \textSFl \textSFli \textSFlii \textSFliii \textSFliv \textSFv \textSFvi \textSFvii \textSFviii \textSFx \textSFxi \textSFxix \textSFxl \textSFxli \textSFxlii \textSFxliii \textSFxliv \textSFxlix \textSFxlv \textSFxlvi \textSFxlvii \textSFxlviii \textSFxx \textSFxxi \textSFxxii \textSFxxiii \textSFxxiv \textSFxxv \textSFxxvi \textSFxxvii \textSFxxviii \textSFxxxix \textSFxxxvi \textSFxxxvii \textSFxxxviii \textshade \textupblock Code Page 437 (CP437).

(continued from previous page) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \staveXII \staveXIII \staveXIV \staveXV \staveXVI \staveXVII \staveXVIII \staveXIX \staveXX \staveXXI \staveXXII \staveXXIII ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \staveXXXV \staveXXXVI \staveXXXVII \staveXXXVIII \staveXXXIX \staveXL \staveXLI \staveXLII \staveXLIII \staveXLIV \staveXLV \staveXLVI ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \staveLVIII \staveLIX \staveLX \staveLXI \staveLXII \staveLXIII \staveLXIV \staveLXV \staveLXVI \staveLXVII \staveLXVIII ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ The meanings of these symbols are described on the Web site for the Museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft at http://www.is/ index.galdrasyning. Table 317: pigpen Cipher Symbols A B C D E F G H I {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont A} B} C} D} E} F} G} H} I} J K L M N O P Q R {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont J} K} L} M} N} O} P} Q} R} S T U V W X Y Z {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont {\pigpenfont S} T} U} V} W} X} Y} Z} Table 318: C A2e Phases of the Moon hin \MoonPha{1} \MoonPha{2} \MoonPha{3} \MoonPha{4} Table 319: Other C A2e Symbols hin \Greenpoint \Info \Postbox \Request 98 \Telephone . \staveL (“￿”) is intended to ward off ghosts and evil spirits.php?option=com content&task=category&sectionid=5&id=18&Itemid= 60 (TinyURL: http://tinyurl. For example.com/25979m).

if you tell METAFONT to proceed past those errors (e..g. “{\recycle}”) because they exhibit the side effect of changing the font to the recycle font. The commands listed above should be used within a group (e.g. .. Fortunately. in the words of its author. by pressing Enter after each one or by specifying “-interaction=nonstopmode” on the METAFONT command line) it should produce a valid font.Table 320: recycle Recycling Symbols A \recycle A \Recycle A 99 \RECYCLE The METAFONT code that implements the recycling symbols shown above is. “awful code [that] doesn’t even put the logo in a box (properly)”. Expect to receive “Inconsistent equation (off by ￿number ￿)” errors from METAFONT.

Because the symbols shown belong to the Computer Modern family. two symbols made to overlap by backspacing a fixed distance) but do not work with every TEX backend and will produce jagged symbols when scaling a bitmapped font. A Examine the L TEX source for this document (symbols. and bottom segments are of a fixed size. they appear in more than one package. 8. unlike the symbols enlarged using \big et al. . Each variable-sized symbol comes in one or more basic sizes plus a variation comprising both stretchable and nonstretchable segments. \Big. After that. 8. it lists some statistics about this document itself. or \left/\right. Using multiple symbols with the same name in the same document—or even merely loading conflicting symbol packages—can be tricky but.g. Section 8 does not contain new symbol tables. And finally. there are a few possible explanations: 100 . Also. The top-middle and middle-bottom segments (which are constrained to be the same character) are repeated as many times as necessary to achieve the desired height. \fontsize is not limited to mathematical delimiters. Note that symbols. rename the conflicting symbols. and—for A contrast—in a large size achieved by changing the font size using L TEX 2ε ’s \fontsize command.88 pt.) Also. Table 323 on page 102 presents the symbols \} and \uparrow in their default size.2 Resizing symbols Mathematical symbols listed in this document as “variable-sized” are designed to stretch vertically. it presents an ASCII and Latin 1 quick-reference guide. which all use the same math axis regardless of symbol size. Table 321 on the following page presents a selection of name clashes that appear in this document. The general procedure is to load the first package. it comments on the spacing surrounding symbols in math mode. However.tex) for examples of this and other techniques for handling symbol conflicts. in an even larger size achieved using \left/\right. showing how to enter all of A the standard ASCII/Latin 1 symbols in L TEX. the type1cm package needs to be loaded to support font sizes larger than 24. as illustrated by Figure 1 on page 102. all of the symbols defined by latexsym. pxfonts.tfm file) in terms of up to five segments.3 Where can I find the symbol for .tex’s \savesymbol and \restoresymbol macros have been extracted into the savesym package.1 Symbol Name Clashes Unfortunately. the various AMS symbol sets. not impossible. it provides some guidelines for finding symbols and gives some examples regarding how to construct missing symbols out of existing ones. it draws attention to symbol names used by multiple packages. First. which can be downloaded from CTAN. All variable-sized delimiters are defined (by the corresponding . Note how \fontsize makes the symbol wider and thicker. mathabx redefines a vast number of math symbols in an attempt to improve their look. and \Bigg sizes. A textcomp. in their \big. ? If you can’t find some symbol you’re looking for in this document. \scalebox and \resizebox are more robust to poorly composed symbols (e. . and L TEX 2ε itself. and mathabx conflicts are not listed in Table 321 because they are designed to be compatible with the symbols they replace. and then load the second package. Depending A on how the symbols are defined in each package. \bigg. it provides A additional help in using the Comprehensive L TEX Symbol List. Table 322 on page 102 illustrates what “compatible” means in this context. Rather. a number of symbol names are not unique. (The graphicx package’s \scalebox or \resizebox commands would produce a similar effect. middle. merely reset the default font families back to their original values after loading one of those packages: \renewcommand\rmdefault{cmr} \renewcommand\sfdefault{cmss} \renewcommand\ttdefault{cmtt} 8. Next. the \fontsize-enlarged symbol is vertically centered relative to correspondingly large text.. The txfonts. Similarly.8 Additional Information Unlike the previous sections of this document. txfonts and pxfonts redefine a huge number of symbols—essentially. L TEX will either output an error message or replace an earlier-defined symbol with a later-defined symbol. Then. as evidenced by the existence of Table 321. To use the new txfonts/pxfonts symbols without altering the document’s main font. The top.

Table 321: Symbol Name Clashes A L TEX 2ε Symbol AMS stmaryrd wasysym mathabx marvosym bbding ifsym ￿ ￿ ￿ ≫ ￿ E À ￿ ￿ B ￿ † ￿ ￿ ￿ dingbat wsuipa 101 ≪ \baro \bigtriangledown \bigtriangleup \checkmark \Circle \Cross \ggg \Letter \lightning \Lightning \lll \Square \Sun \TriangleDown \TriangleUp .

Table 322: Example of a Benign Name Clash Symbol R \textrecipe Default (Computer Modern) txfonts (Times Roman) R ￿ R ￿ Table 323: Sample resized delimiters Symbol Default size \big \Big \bigg \Bigg \left / \right                  ￿             \fontsize \} } ￿ ￿ ™ ￿ \uparrow ↑ ￿  ￿   ￿    ￿     } ↑                                           −→     top top-middle (extensible) middle middle-bottom (extensible) bottom Figure 1: Implementation of variable-sized delimiters 102 .

a plus sign with a circle around it (“exclusive or” to computer engineers) is “\oplus”. but there is no L TEX binding for it. The L TEX 2ε source file fontdef.tex is for a reversed or rotated version of an existing symbol. for instance). Sometimes. For example. “\relbar”. arrows/harpoons. and “s. \textsuperscript{\reflectbox{?}} produces an irony mark (“ ? ”. Xdvi ignores both \reflectbox and \rotatebox. \models (see Table 67 on page 30) is defined in that file with: \def\models{\mathrel|\joinrel=} where \mathrel and \joinrel are used to control the horizontal spacing. (Cyrillic is supported by the OT2 font encoding. As a last resort. If there’s some A symbol package that you think should be included in the Comprehensive L TEX Symbol List. 7 More common symbols for representing “such that” include “|”. As a few examples. you need to switch to the font explicitly with L TEX 2ε ’s low-level font commands [L T00] 5 and use TEX’s primitive \char command [Knu86a] to request a specific character number in the font. the symbol for an impulse train or Tate-Shafarevich group (“ ”) is actually an uppercase sha in the Cyrillic alphabet. The disadvantage of the graphicx/graphics approach is that not every TEX backend handles graphical transformations. To produce an A A unnamed symbol.7 Joining and overlapping existing symbols A Symbols that do not exist in any font can sometimes be fabricated out of existing symbols. “-”. all is not lost. • The symbol isn’t defined in any package whatsoever. the character can often be entered symbolically. For example. With some simple pattern-matching. L TEX defines \hbar (“￿”) as a “¯” character (\mathchar’26) followed by a backspace of 9 math units (\mkern-9mu). Of course. and the various mathextension characters can be combined creatively with miscellaneous other characters to produce a variety of A new symbols. 5 pifont ι For example. 6 As an example. tipa’s \textrevepsilon (“3”) or wsuipa’s \revepsilon (“ ”) may be used to express the mathematical notion of “such that” in a cleaner manner than with \reflectbox or \rotatebox. \def is the TEX primitive upon A which L TEX’s \newcommand is based.dtx contains a number of such definitions. cf.6 Far better is to find a suitable font that contains the desired symbol in the correct orientation. a symbol exists in a font. “:”. http://en. A Even in the last case. While a sha can be defined numerically as “{\fontencoding{OT2}\selectfont\char88}” it may be more intuitive to use the OT2 font encoding’s “SH” ligature: “{\fontencoding{OT2}\selectfont SH}”. Reflecting and rotating existing symbols A common request on comp. “\Pisymbol{psy}{191}” produces “↵”.t.text. which may be useful for representing a carriage return. 103 . Similarly. new symbols can be composed from any set of existing characters. \char is not strictly necesssary. the PostScript Symbol font contains a “↵” symbol.”. For instance. For example. The moral of the story is to be creative with synonyms when searching the index. and lightning bolts in fonts designed by German speakers may have “blitz” in their names as in the ulsy package. but there is no package (as far as I know) for accessing that symbol. please send me e-mail at the address listed on the title page. followed by the letter “h”: \def\hbar{{\mathchar’26\mkern-9muh}} defines a convenient \Pisymbol command for accessing symbols in PostScript fonts by number. In fact. these effects can be achieved with the graphicx (or graphics) package’s \reflectbox and \rotatebox macros. if the phonetic package is available.org/wiki/Irony mark). one can easily define a backward \models sign (“=|”): \def\ismodeledby{=\joinrel\mathrel|} In general. For example. See The TEXbook [Knu86a] for more information on all three of those commands.wikipedia. and “\Relbar”). For instance. • The symbol is defined by some package that I overlooked (or deemed unimportant). and \rotatebox[origin=c]{180}{$\iota$} produces the definite-description operator (“ ”). then \textit{\riota} will yield a backend-independent “ ”.• The symbol isn’t intuitively named. the ifsym command to draw dice is “\Cube”. horizontal lines (“=”.

it vertically centers the result on the math axis. Sometimes an ordinary tabular environment can be co-opted into juxtaposing existing symbols into a new symbol. . borrowed from Plain TEX. A \ooalign uses TEX’s tabular syntax instead of L TEX’s (i. \overset{G}{\sim}8 produces “∼” (sometimes used for “equidecomposable with respect to G”). 9 While 8L A T 104 . a macro that defines a standard-state symbol (\stst. Another TEX primitive that is useful for composing symbols is \vcenter. Note that \dbar requires a greater backward math kern than \bbar. Because of \vcenter.tex by Peter Flynn: \newcommand{\asterism}{\smash{% \raisebox{-. \threesim ∼ aligns properly with other math operators: a ÷ b ∼ ∼ c × d.text. Also. \offinterlineskip is a macro that disables implicit interline spacing.5pt}% \begin{tabular}{@{}cc@{}}% \multicolumn2c*\\[-2ex]*&*% \end{tabular}}}} Note how the space between columns (\tabcolsep) and rows (\\[. with \cr as the row terminator instead of \\). However. \barcirc illustrates how to combine symbols using \ooalign. “− ◦ ”).e.text. which vertically centers three \sim (“∼”) symbols with 0.5ex}{% \setlength{\tabcolsep}{-.text. See The TEXbook [Knu86a] for more information. respectively.) \bbar and \dbar define “¯ b” and “¯ d”. because it is based directly on TEX’s \ialign primitive. is \ooalign. The ◦ following example of \ooalign. the stmaryrd package’s \minuso command (Table 46 on page 22) provides a similar glyph (“￿”) as a single. \vcenter is conceptually similar A to “\begin{tabular}{l}” in L TEX but takes a list of vertical material instead of \\-separated rows. is rendered as “∼ ∼”.35ex\hbox{$\sim$}}}} The \threesim symbol. it creates a single-column tabular environment with zero vertical distance between rows. For · ”)—the composition of a \cup and a \cdot—as follows: example. . \ooalign vertically overlaps symbols and works both within and outside of math mode.35 x-heights of space between ∼ them. For example. one can define \dotcup (“∪ \newcommand{\dotcup}{\ensuremath{\mathaccent\cdot\cup}} The catch is that \mathaccent requires the accent to be a “math character”.tex post by Donald Arseneau: \makeatletter \providecommand\barcirc{\mathpalette\@barred\circ} \def\@barred#1#2{\ooalign{\hfil$#1-$\hfil\cr\hfil$#1#2$\hfil\cr}} \newcommand\stst{^{\protect\barcirc}} \makeatother EX’s \stackrel command is similar but is limited to placing a symbol above a binary relation.) Enrico Gregorio posted the following symbol definition to comp. (Many operators. is due to an October 2007 comp. Essentially. “− ”) as a superscripted 9 Plimsoll line (\barcirc..35ex\hbox{$\sim$}\vskip-. Consider the following definition of \asterism (“** * ”) from a June 2007 post to comp.tex in March 2004 in response to a query about an alternate way to denote equivalence: \newcommand*{\threesim}{% \mathrel{\vcenter{\offinterlineskip \hbox{$\sim$}\vskip-.We can just as easily define other barred letters: \def\bbar{{\mathchar’26\mkern-9mu b}} \def\dbar{{\mathchar’26\mkern-12mu d}} (The space after the “mu” is optional but is added for clarity. such as “+” and “−” are also vertically centered on the math axis. There is a TEX primitive called \mathaccent that centers one mathematical symbol atop another. \threesim would have a full line of vertical spacing between each \sim. it must be a character in a math font as opposed to a symbol defined in terms of other symbols. ]) is made negative to squeeze the asterisks closer together. indivisible symbol. That is. The amsmath package provides \overset and \underset commands for placing one symbol respectively G above or below another. Without it. A A related L TEX command. a −9 mu kern would have produced the less-attractive “¯ d” glyph.

or scriptscript. (See The TEXbook [Knu86a] for a more complete descripA tion. as will be discussed in Section 8. consider the following code (due to Enrico Gregorio in a June 2007 post to comp. punctuation. See slashed’s documentation (located in slashed. the following L TEX code—posted to comp. In addition. \mathchoice evaluates one of four expressions. and the character to be overlapped.”). For example. although originally designed for producing Feynman slashed-character notation. \rqm uses amstext’s \text macro (described on the next page) to make \declareslashed use a text-mode hyphen (“-”) instead of a math-mode minus sign (“−”) and to ensure that the hyphen scales properly in size in subscripts and superscripts. \centernot\Longrightarrow See the centernot documentation for more information.sty itself) for a detailed usage description of the \slashed and \declareslashed commands. an obscure variation on the infrequently used “3” symbol for “such that”discussed on page 103: \newcommand{\suchthat}{% \mathrel{\ooalign{$\ni$\cr\kern-1pt$-$\kern-6. \slashed{D} produces “D provides the flexibility to specify the mathematical context of the composite character (operator. \centernot. for example. The preceding definition of \rqm therefore uses an extra set of curly braces to limit that scope to a single \slashed{I}. in fact facilitates the production of arbitrary overlapped symbols.In the preceding code. script. \def\Xint#1{\mathchoice {\XXint\displaystyle\textstyle{#1}}% {\XXint\textstyle\scriptstyle{#1}}% {\XXint\scriptstyle\scriptscriptstyle{#1}}% {\XXint\scriptscriptstyle\scriptscriptstyle{#1}}% 105 . As another example of \ooalign. to create a “does not imply” symbol: ￿=⇒ = ￿⇒ \not\Longrightarrow vs. the \declareslashed command character with “/”.04}{0}{I}\slashed{I}}} \declareslashed{·}{·}{·}{·}{I} affects the meaning of all subsequent \slashed{I} commands in the same scope. like \not.tex) that overlaps a \ni (“￿”) and two minus signs (“− −”) to produce “− ￿ −”.5pt$-$}}} The slashed package. which. Somewhat simpler than slashed is the centernot package. puts a slash over the subsequent mathematical symbol.) For example.4).text. However. text. the overlapping symbol. you may need to use TEX’s \mathchoice primitive. instead of putting the slash at a fixed location. note the \ooalign call’s use of \hfil to horizontally center a minus sign (“−”) and a \circ (“◦”). The code defines a principal value integral symbol. However. etc. which is an integral sign with a line through it. Consider. the symbol for . Making new symbols work in superscripts and subscripts To make composite symbols work properly within subscripts and superscripts. The default behavior is to overwrite a given / ”. for example. This can be declared as follows: reduced quadrupole moment (“I \newcommand{\rqm}{{% \declareslashed{}{\text{-}}{0. horizontal and vertical adjustments in symbol-relative units..tex by Torsten Bronger—composes a sub/superscriptable “￿ ⊥” symbol out of \top and \bot (“￿” and “⊥”): \def\topbotatom#1{\hbox{\hbox to 0pt{$#1\bot$\hss}$#1\top$}} \newcommand*{\topbot}{\mathrel{\mathchoice{\topbotatom\displaystyle} {\topbotatom\textstyle} {\topbotatom\scriptstyle} {\topbotatom\scriptscriptstyle}}} The following is another example that uses \mathchoice to construct symbols in different math modes. based on whether the current math style is display. relation.text. \centernot centers the slash over its argument. \centernot might be used. centernot provides a single command.

then you should probably be using X Y-pic. “\scriptstyle”. .}$}\dimen0=\ht0 \advance\dimen0-0. \rlap (“right overlap”). “\textstyle”. amstext’s \text macro is all that is necessary to make composite symbols appear correctly in subscripts and superscripts.text. overlapping whatever text is already there. followed by the second argument.2\ht0 \setbox2=\hbox{\vrule height\ht0 depth -\dimen0}% {\box0\lower0.\!\int} \def\XXint#1#2#3{{\setbox0=\hbox{$#1{#2#3}{\int}$} \vcenter{\hbox{$#2#3$}}\kern-. “∞” (\Xint\infty). } and \rlap{. and so forth. .. to set it explicitly within an \mbox). 106 . however. Sometimes. The macro is called \mathpalette and it takes two arguments. \mathpalette invokes the first argument. “A\llap{B}” and “\rlap{A}B” each produce “A B”.text. \rlap overlaps whatever text would normally appear to the right of its argument. “￿” (\Xint\circlearrowleft). and the result of the latter is the width of “B”—\llap{. } take up zero space. See The TEXbook [Knu86a] for more understanding of TEX “boxes” and “dimens”. \llap outputs its argument to the left of the current position.. In March 2002. A L TEX 2ε provides a simple wrapper for \mathchoice that sometimes helps produce terser symbol definitions. passing it one of “\displaystyle”.tex. The \Xint macro ￿defined above can also be used￿ to generate a wealth￿ of new integrals: “￿” (\Xint\circlearrowright).5\wd0}} \def\ddashint{\Xint=} \def\dashint{\Xint-} (The preceding code was taken verbatim from the UK TE X Users’ Group FAQ at http://www.uk/ ￿ faq. appear frequently when creating composite characters. \rlap. However.ac. In a June 2002 post to comp.) ￿ \dashint produces a single-dashed integral sign (“−”). For example.2 times the \sqrt height at the right of the \sqrt. as in the following definitions of \neswarrow (“￿”) and \nwsearrow (“￿”):10 \newcommand{\neswarrow}{\mathrel{\text{$\nearrow$\llap{$\swarrow$}}}} \newcommand{\nwsearrow}{\mathrel{\text{$\nwarrow$\llap{$\searrow$}}}} A \text resembles L TEX’s \mbox command but shrinks its argument appropriately when used within a subscript or superscript. is described later on this page. Donald Arseneau posted the following \mathpalette-based definition of a probabilistic-independence symbol (“⊥ ⊥”) to comp. or “\scriptscriptstyle”. The rest of the code is simply using TEX primitives to position a hook of height 0. and finally typesets a second—overlapping—copy of \perp.4pt\box2}} Notice how \DHLhksqrt uses \mathpalette to recover the outer math style (argument #1) from within an \hbox. moves two math units to the right. the result of the former is the width of “A”.g.e.tex in June 2000: \newcommand\independent{\protect\mathpalette{\protect\independenT}{\perp}} \def\independenT#1#2{\mathrel{\rlap{$#1#2$}\mkern2mu{#1#2}}} The \independent macro uses \mathpalette to pass the \independenT helper macro both the current math style and the \perp symbol. while \ddashint produces a double-dashed ￿ one (“=”). Dan Luecking posted a \mathpalette-based definition of a hooked square-root symbol to comp. “ ”) as this helps visually distinguish √ √ expressions like “ 3x ” from those like “ 3x”. which enables text overlap. \llap (“left overlap”) and its counterpart. “⊂” (\Xint\subset).tex. \independenT typesets \perp in the current math style. Donald Arseneau presented a general macro for aligning an arbitrary number of symbols on their horizontal centers and vertical baselines: 10 Note that if your goal is to typeset commutative diagrams or pushout/pullback diagrams. √ Some people like their square-root signs with a trailing “hook” (i. Similarly. . \mathpalette is useful when a symbol macro must know which math style is currently in use (e.tex: \def\hksqrt{\mathpalette\DHLhksqrt} \def\DHLhksqrt#1#2{\setbox0=\hbox{$#1\sqrt{#2\.text. . again in the current math style.

}}\mkern2mu \raise4\p@\hbox{. For instance. the wsuipa package defines \diatop and \diaunder macros for putting one or more diacritics or accents above or below a given character.tex post by Donald Arseneau (June 2003). See the wsuipa documentation for ¯ ˙ more information. which produces “V ”. See The TEXbook [Knu86a] for explanations of the TEX primitives used by \moverlay. raised 7 pt. accents provides ˜ other accent-related features as well. fontdef. respectively: \def\ddots{\mathinner{\mkern1mu\raise7\p@ \vbox{\kern7\p@\hbox{. see the documentation for more information. In addition.}\mkern1mu}} \makeatother \revddots is essentially identical to the mathdots package’s \iddots command or the yhmath package’s \adots command. For instance. require multiple accents per character. \accentset{\star}{f} produces “f ” and e \accentset{e}{X} produces “X ”.}}\mkern2mu \raise4\p@\hbox{. \raise4\p@.. Producing complex accents Accents are a special case of combining existing symbols to make new symbols. the \topbot command defined on page 105 could have been expressed as “\moverlay{\top\cr\bot}” and the \neswarrow command defined on the previous page could have been expressed as “\moverlay{\nearrow\cr\swarrow}”. For example. \moverlay takes a list of symbols separated by \cr (TEX’s equivalent of A L TEX’s \\). such as transliterations from non-Latin alphabets.}\mkern2mu\raise\p@\hbox{. we merely have to reorder the \raise7\p@.text. Creating extensible symbols A relatively simple example of creating extensible symbols stems from a comp. A Modifying L TEX-generated symbols A Oftentimes. \diaunder[{\diatop[\’|\=]}|\textsubdot{r}] produces “´ r ”. The basic concept behind \moverlay’s implementation is that \moverlay typesets the given symbols in a table that utilizes a zero \baselineskip. The following code defines an equals sign that extends as far to the right as possible. \underaccent does the same thing.. Its \accentset command en￿ ables any character to be used as an accent. The remaining commands are defined in The TEXbook [Knu86a]. symbols composed in the L TEX 2ε source code can be modified with minimal effort to produce useful variations. This enables constructs like \underaccent{\tilde}{V}. some applications.}\mkern1mu}} A \p@ is a L TEX 2ε shortcut for “pt” or “1. and 1 pt. the creator of pdfTEX A writes his name as “H` an Th´ ˆ e Th` anh”. but places the accent beneath the character. and \raise\p@: \makeatletter \def\revddots{\mathinner{\mkern1mu\raise\p@ \vbox{\kern7\p@\hbox{. To draw a version of \ddots with the dots going along the opposite diagonal. as in “H\‘an Th\’{\^e} Th\‘anh” (albeit not in the OT1 font encoding). The accents package facilitates the fabrication of accents in math mode. This causes every row to be typeset at the same vertical position. 4 pt. For example.dtx composes the \ddots symbol (see Table 189 on page 63) out of three periods. A just like L TEX’s \hrulefill command: 107 . While various tables in this document show how to add an accent to an existing symbol.\makeatletter \def\moverlay{\mathpalette\mov@rlay} \def\mov@rlay#1#2{\leavevmode\vtop{% \baselineskip\z@skip \lineskiplimit-\maxdimen \ialign{\hfil$#1##$\hfil\cr#2\crcr}}} \makeatother A The \makeatletter and \makeatother commands are needed to coerce L TEX into accepting “@” as part of a macro name. The dblaccnt package enables L TEX to stack accents.0pt”..}\mkern2mu\raise7\p@\hbox{. For example.

tex post by Donald Arseneau: \makeatletter \def\overbracket#1{\mathop{\vbox{\ialign{##\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@} \downbracketfill\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@\nointerlineskip} $\hfil\displaystyle{#1}\hfil$\crcr}}}\limits} \def\underbracket#1{\mathop{\vtop{\ialign{##\crcr $\hfil\displaystyle{#1}\hfil$\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@\nointerlineskip} \upbracketfill\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@}}}}\limits} \def\overparenthesis#1{\mathop{\vbox{\ialign{##\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@} \downparenthfill\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@\nointerlineskip} $\hfil\displaystyle{#1}\hfil$\crcr}}}\limits} \def\underparenthesis#1{\mathop{\vtop{\ialign{##\crcr $\hfil\displaystyle{#1}\hfil$\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@\nointerlineskip} \upparenthfill\crcr\noalign{\kern3\p@}}}}\limits} \def\downparenthfill{$\m@th\braceld\leaders\vrule\hfill\bracerd$} \def\upparenthfill{$\m@th\bracelu\leaders\vrule\hfill\braceru$} \def\upbracketfill{$\m@th\makesm@sh{\llap{\vrule\@height3\p@\@width. “$a_{\actuarial{n}}$” to produce “an ” and “$a_{\actuarial[x:]{n}}$” to produce “ax:n ” A more complex example of composing accents is the following definition of extensible \overbracket. which stacks one mathematical expression (slightly reduced in size) atop another.g.7\p@\hfill \makesm@sh{\rlap{\vrule\@height3\p@\@width. \equalsfill is intended to be used with L TEX’s \stackrel command. \equalsfill repeats a box containing “=” plus some negative space until it fills the maximum availA able horizontal space.text. \overparenthesis. If all that needs to extend are horizontal and vertical lines—as opposed to repeated symbols such as the A “=” in the previous example—L TEX’s array or tabular environments may suffice. and \underparenthesis symbols.7\p@}}% \leaders\vrule\@height.5pt}% \setbox0=\hbox{$\scriptstyle#1#2$}% \begin{array}[b]{*2{@{}>{\scriptstyle}c}|} \cline{2-2}% \rule[1. e. one can type.5pt}% \setlength\arrayrulewidth{0. Essentially.25pt]{0pt}{\ht0}% #1 & #2% \end{array}% } Using the preceding definition. “\stackrel{a}{\rightarrow}” produces “→” and “X \stackrel{\text{definition}}{\hbox{\equalsfill}} Y” produces “X = = = = = = = Y ”. Consider the following code (due to a February 1999 comp.3\p@\@width.\makeatletter \def\equalsfill{$\m@th\mathord=\mkern-7mu \cleaders\hbox{$\!\mathord=\!$}\hfill \mkern-7mu\mathord=$} \makeatother TEX’s \cleaders and \hfill primitives are the key to understanding \equalsfill’s extensibility.3\p@\@width. taken from a May 2002 comp.7\p@}}$} \makeatother a definition 108 .7\p@}}% \leaders\vrule\@height.text. Hence.7\p@}}$} \def\downbracketfill{$\m@th \makesm@sh{\llap{\vrule\@height. \underbracket..tex post by Donald Arseneau and subsequent modifications by Billy Yu and Scott Pakin) for typesetting annuity and life-insurance symbols: \DeclareRobustCommand{\actuarial}[2][]{% \def\arraystretch{0}% \setlength\arraycolsep{0.7\p@\hfill \makesm@sh{\rlap{\vrule\@height.7\p@\@depth2.7\p@\@depth2.

drawing lines and curves. Ideally. lightbulb10. defining points.mf. You may also want to read the freely available METAFONT primer located at http://metafont. \underbracket. The METAFONTbook is essential reading. taller. 60 pt. The A following is an extremely brief tutorial on how to create a new L TEX symbol using METAFONT. It enables.tutorial. When a lightbulb￿size ￿. italic.g. vs.fr/.. which generally lack bold. and a right symbol (e.mf.11 The first step is to draw this in METAFONT. vs. If you plan to design your own symbols with METAFONT. \overparenthesis. shown in Figure 3. It is common to separate the font into two files: a size-dependent file. a horizontal rule that stretches as wide as possible. which looks much nicer than the alternative—and default—“mechanical scaling”. Table 324: Manually Composed Extensible Accents ￿ ￿ abc \overbracket{abc} abc \overparenthesis{abc} abc \underbracket{abc} abc ￿ ￿ \underparenthesis{abc} Note that the simplewick package provides mechanisms for typesetting Wick contractions. 10 pt. The METAFONTbook [Knu86b] is the authoritative text on METAFONT.mf” do not follow the Berry font-naming scheme [Ber01]. the computer mechanically produces a wider. This is called “optical scaling”. 30 pt. most. Suppose we need a symbol to represent a light bulb (“ ”). 50 pt. “\acontraction{}{A}{B}{C}\acontraction[2ex]{A}{B}{C}{D}\bcontraction{}{A}{BC}{D}ABCD” produces ABCD See the simplewick documentation for more information.mf files for a variety of ￿size ￿s. TEX distributions are shipped with a tool called METAFONT which is designed specifically for creating fonts to be used with TEX.mf specifies various parameters that produce a 10 pt. Again. and \underparenthesis merely create a table whose width is determined by the given text. Figure 2 shows the METAFONT code for lightbulb10. small-caps. \overbracket. \downbracketfill. which specifies the design size and various font-specific parameters that are a function of the design size. 11 I’m not a very good artist. The code in Figures Figure 2 and Figure 3 is heavily commented and should demonstrate some of the basic concepts behind METAFONT usage: declaring variables. one should produce lightbulb￿size ￿. 20 pt. lightbulb.mf. if not all.g.Table 324 showcases these accents. which draws characters in the given size. you’ll have to pretend that “ ” looks like a light bulb. Note that the the filenames “lightbulb10. and \upbracketfill do all of the work.mf file does not exist for a given size ￿size ￿. For example. \upparenthfill. vs. and a size-independent file. 40 pt.. Its primary A purpose is to cover the L TEX-specific operations not mentioned in The METAFONTbook and to demonstrate that symbol-font creation is not necessarily a difficult task. and preparing to debug or fine-tune the output. The basic idea is that \downparenthfill. they output a left symbol (e. vs. The METAFONTbook [Knu86b] is the definitive reference on METAFONT programming. The TEXbook [Knu86a] or another book on TEX primitives is indispensible for understanding how the preceding code works.free. \braceld [“￿”] for \downparenthfill).mf. and other such variants. Developing new symbols from scratch Sometimes is it simply not possible to define a new symbol in terms of existing symbols. thereby constraining the width of the horizontal rules.and \underbracket-like brackets of variable width and height (or depth). which utilize \overbracket. 70 pt. 109 . \bracerd [“￿”] for \downparenthfill). Fortunately. vs. draws a light bulb using the parameters defined in lightbulb10. thicker symbol: . the lines that make up the light bulb to retain the same thickness at different font sizes. the Berry font-naming scheme is largely irrelevant for symbol fonts. for example. slanted.mf” and “lightbulb. vs. light bulb then loads lightbulb.

% Use a pen with a small. % z7 is at the bottom. and depth 1pt#. cycle. cap# := 7pt#. % “M” width is 10 points. 7. % Target a given printer. but add a device-specific fudge factor. directly under z5 . y4 ). draw z5 . 0). y3 ]). %% Draw the bulb and the base. . % The bulb is a closed path. h). 5. z5 = point 2 − 1/3 of bulb. 1pt#). penlabels(1. . 67.font identifier := "LightBulb10". z7 = (x8 . Figure 2: Sample METAFONT size-specific file (lightbulb10. . % Draw the base of the bulb. y2 . % Specify the design size. 2. sb# := 1/4pt#. directly under z8 . % Convert to device-specific units.mf) 110 . makegrid(0. z4 . % z3 is at the bottom of the circle. font size 10pt#. % z6 is at the bottom. 1/2[y1 . x7 ]. rt z2 = (w + sb + o − x4 . path bulb. . bulb = z1 . bot z3 = (z1 − (0. a little to the left of z3 .. % Label “interesting” x and y coordinates. cap. o# := 1/16pt#. % z1 is at the top of a circle. % z8 lies on the bulb. 1/2em#. % Draw the bulb proper. input lightbulb % Name the font. cap#. z7 . sb. define pixels (em. % Leave this much space on the side of each character. 8). circular tip. beginchar ("A". % Amount that curves overshoot borders. z6 = (x5 . % Same. top z1 = (w/2. endchar. bot z67 = ( 1/2[x6 . −1pt. end Figure 3: Sample METAFONT size-independent file (lightbulb. height cap#. a little to the right of z3 . 0).mf) mode setup. % z4 is on the left of the circle. em# := 10pt#. h + o). % Load the file that draws the actual glyph.. . z3 . % Capital letter height is 7 points above the baseline. define corrected pixels (o). pickup pencircle scaled 1/2pt. lft z4 = (sb − o. % z67 lies halfway between z6 and z7 but a jot lower. 3. %% Display key positions and points to help us debug. %% Define the points we need. 4. z8 = point 2 + 1/3 of bulb. % Label control points for debugging.z8 . % z5 lies on the bulb. sb). draw bulb. pen bot − o − 1/8pt). w − sb)(0. w − sb − o)). % z2 is at the same height as z4 but the opposite side.z6 . w/2. "A light bulb". %% Define a light bulb at the character position for “A” %% with width 1/2em#. z2 . . 6. z67 . % Define a path for the bulb itself.

dvi (1 page. but the gist of ubulb. y2 . TEX distributions include a Plain TEX file called testfont. For LightBulb10.log.fd.METAFONT can produce “proofs” of fonts—large. needs more information before documents A can use the font. labeled versions that showcase the logical structure of each character.3.mf prompt > gftodvi lightbulb10. To understand how to read the table.14159 (Web2C 7. −1pt. A The LightBulb10 font is now usable by TEX. The result is shown in Figure 4. Figure 6 lists A A the contents of ubulb. . L TEX 2ε . note that the character code for “A”—the only character defined by lightbulb10. this mapping is fairly simple.dvi and illustrated in Figure 5. Symbol fonts almost always use the “U” (“Unknown”) font encoding and frequently occur in only one variant: normal weight and non-italicized.mf—is 41 in hexadecimal (base 16) and 101 in octal (base 8). In fact. shows every character in the font.1) (/usr/share/texmf/tex/plain/base/testfont. Transcript written on testfont. observe how the penlabels command labels all of the important coordinates: z1 . and h. . proof mode is METAFONT’s default mode.tex Name of the font to test = lightbulb10 Now type a test command (\help for help):) *\table *\bye [1] Output written on testfont. w/2.fd”. Similarly. we create a font-description file that tells L TEX 2ε how to map fonts in a given font family and encoding to a particular font in a particular font size. The filename for a font-description file important. z8 and z67 .fd is first to declare a U-encoded version of the bulb A font family and then to specify that a L TEX 2ε request for a U-encoded version of bulb with a (m)edium font 111 . One useful routine produces a table of all of the characters in the font: prompt > tex testfont This is TeX. The resulting table. stored in testfont. where ￿encoding ￿ is the lowercase version of the encoding name (typically “u” for symbol fonts) and ￿family ￿ is the name of the font family. First.mf defines to lie between z6 and z7 . it must be of the form “￿encoding ￿￿family ￿. however. let’s call this “bulb”. if not all. To produce a proof of lightbulb10.tex which is useful for testing new fonts in a variety of ways. issue the following commands at the operating-system prompt: prompt > mf lightbulb10. and w − sb and horizontal lines at positions 0. 1 4 2 8 3 5 7 67 6 Figure 4: Proof diagram of lightbulb10. z2 .mf. Observe how the grid defined with makegrid at the bottom of Figure 3 draws vertical lines at positions 0.mf Most. Version 3. sb.2602gf ⇐ ⇐ Produces lightbulb10. For symbol fonts.2602gf Produces lightbulb10. which lightbulb.dvi You can then view lightbulb10. . . 1516 bytes).dvi with any DVI viewer. The document “L TEX 2ε Font Selection” [L T00] describes \DeclareFontFamily and \DeclareFontShape in detail.

8. Similarly. the log-like symbols also handle subscripts properly. These have the advantages of rendering better in Adobe® Acrobat® (at least in versions prior to 6.fd into lightbulb. or “\char’101” (respectively.sty (Figure 7). See The TEXbook [Knu86a] “$A \dot{\cup} B$” (“A∪ for the definitive description of math-mode spacing.tfm mechanically scaled to the current font size.sty instead of maintaining two separate files. e. with the help of some external tools. A The final step is to write a L TEX 2ε style file that defines a name for each symbol in the font. “relations”. a document need only include “\usepackage{lightbulb}” to make the \lightbulb symbol available.g.fd) series (as opposed to.. (See the Short Math Guide for L TEX [Dow00] for a nice exposition on the subject. one-character symbol font such as LightBulb10 it would be reasonable to merge ubulb. Because we have only one symbol our style file. \mathopen. In either case.uk/cgi-bin/texfaq2html?label=textrace for pointers to tools that can produce Type 1 fonts from METAFONT. but “max” as part of a displayed formula. Note that instead of typesetting “A” we could have had \lightbulb typeset “\char65”.4 Math-mode spacing Terms such as “binary operators”.ac. \newcommand{\lightbulb}{{\usefont{U}{bulb}{m}{n}A}} A Figure 7: L TEX 2ε style file (lightbulb.. you can write “$3 x + \mathord{\downarrow}$” to get the properly spaced ˙ ”) that “3x + ↓” rather than the awkward-looking “3x+ ↓”. \mathbin. lightbulb.sty) METAFONT normally produces bitmapped fonts. For example. \mathrel. and \mathpunct. “\max_{p \in P}” produces “maxp∈P ” in text.) To use a symbol for a different purpose. decimal. See http://www. The amsmath package makes it straightforward to define new log-like symbols: \DeclareMathOperator{\atan}{atan} \DeclareMathOperator*{\lcm}{lcm} 112 p∈P . italic) should translate into a TEX request for lightbulb10. “\char"41”. na¨ ıve alternatives. For example.0) and of being more memory-efficient when handled by a PostScript interpreter. Table 325 on the following page contrasts the output of the log-like symbols with various. is rather trivial. The purpose of the “log-like symbols” in Table 128 and Table 129 is to provide the correct amount of spacing around and within multiletter function names. \mathop. In addition to spacing. However. it is also possible. 2003 at 1127 ´0 ´10x ´11x ˝8 ´1 ˝9 ´2 ˝A ´3 ˝B ´4 ˝C ´5 ˝D ´6 ˝E ´7 ˝4x ˝F Figure 5: Font table produced by testfont. Contrast ˙ B ”) with “$A \mathbin{\dot{\cup}} B$” (“A ∪ ˙ B ”). e. you can use the TEX commands \mathord. just as \cup is. to produce PostScript Type 1 fonts. For a simple. \mathclose. to create a dotted-union symbol (“∪ spaces like the ordinary set-union symbol (\cup) it must be defined with \mathbin.tex \DeclareFontFamily{U}{bulb}{} \DeclareFontShape{U}{bulb}{m}{n}{<-> lightbulb10}{} A Figure 6: L TEX 2ε font-description file (ubulb.g. and octal character offsets into the font).Test of lightbulb10 on March 11.tex. if you want to use \downarrow as a variable (an “ordinary” symbol) instead of a delimiter. and “punctuation” in Section 3 primarily regard the surrounding A spacing. hexadecimal. bold) and a (n)ormal font shape (as opposed to.

for example when naming vectors.) between the words of a multiword operators. . bold symbols are occasionally needed.g. With \DeclareMathOperator*.Table 325: Spacing Around/Within Log-like Symbols A L TEX expression Output r sin θ rsinθ rsinθ rsinθ (best) $r $r $r $r \sin \theta$ sin \theta$ \mbox{sin} \theta$ \mathrm{sin} \theta$ The difference between \DeclareMathOperator and \DeclareMathOperator* involves the handling of subscripts. Any of the approaches described at http://www.. .\]).. Table 327 contrasts the output produced by these various techniques. \liminf.12 Table 326: Defining new log-like symbols Declaration function \DeclareMathOperator \DeclareMathOperator* $\newlogsym {p \in P}$ newlogsymp∈P newlogsymp∈P \[ \newlogsym {p \in P} \] newlogsymp∈P newlogsym p∈P It is common to use a thin space (\. 8.uk/ cgi-bin/texfaq2html?label=boldgreek can be used to produce bold mathematical symbols. as is common for functions that take a single parameter (e. normal). Table 326 contrasts symbols declared with \DeclareMathOperator and \DeclareMathOperator* in both text style ($.g. formatting of operators and relations (bold vs. and spacing. formatting of Greek letters (bold vs. This is useful for limit operators (e.g.$) and display style (\[.$ and \textstyle can be used to force text style within \[.\]. 113 .max}”. . normal). italic). As the table illustrates. \limsup. as in “\DeclareMathOperator*{\argmax}{arg\. . In contrast. \DeclareMathOperator tells TEX that subscripts should always be displayed to the right of the operator. \log and \cos). \lim) and functions that tend to map over a set (e. .5 Bold mathematical symbols A L TEX does not normally use bold symbols when typesetting mathematics.ac. . \min). .tex. .. However. and all of the log-like symbols shown in Table 129 utilize this spacing convention. these techniques exhibit variation in their formatting of Latin letters (upright vs. subscripts are written beneath log-like symbols in display style and to the right in text style. Table 327: Producing bold mathematical symbols Package none none none amsbsy amsbsy bm fixmath Code $\alpha + b = \Gamma \div D$ $\mathbf{\alpha + b = \Gamma \div D}$ \boldmath$\alpha + b = \Gamma \div D$ $\pmb{\alpha + b = \Gamma \div D}$ $\boldsymbol{\alpha + b = \Gamma \div D}$ $\bm{\alpha + b = \Gamma \div D}$ $\mathbold{\alpha + b = \Gamma \div D}$ Output α+b=Γ÷D α+b=Γ÷D α+b=Γ÷D α+b=Γ÷D α+b=Γ÷D α+b=Γ÷D α+b=Γ ÷D (no bold) (faked bold) 12 Note that \displaystyle can be used to force display style within $.

/ 0 1 2 . z \char‘\{ | \char‘\} \~{} The following are some additional notes about the contents of Table 328: • “"” is not available in the OT1 font encoding. . . z { | } ˜ Body text \textgreater ? @ A B C . Note that for typesetting metavariables many people prefer \textlangle and \textrangle to \textless and \textgreater. when \ttfamily is in effect). . “￿filename ￿” instead of “<filename >”. 114 . . 5A 5B 5C 5D 5E 5F 60 61 62 63 . A straight quote can be typeset using \textquotesingle (cf. – Enter the symbols in math mode instead of text mode. . / 0 1 2 . . 9 : . . 39 3A 3B 3C 3D Char ! " # $ % & ’ ( ) * + . . • The characters “<”. . the characters available on a typical U. . z \{ \textbar \} \~{} \texttt > ? @ A B C . $>$. Z [ \ ] ˆ ‘ a b c . The first two columns list the character’s ASCII code in decimal and hexadecimal. . . • Table 328 shows a close quote for character 39 for consistency with the open quote shown for character 96. < = Body text ! \textquotedbl \# \$ \% \& ’ ( ) * + . . 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 . and “|” do work as expected in math mode. “>”. . \textless. 122 123 124 125 126 Hex 3E 3F 40 41 42 43 . more generally. And the fourth column lists the L TEX 2ε command to typeset the character within a \texttt{. . . \textgreater.13 The following are some alternatives for typesetting “<”.8. i. .} command (or. and “|”: – Specify a document font encoding other than OT1 (as described on page 8). . 9 : . .. $<$. although they produce. viz. “¡”. . 13 Donald Knuth didn’t think such symbols were important outside of mathematics so he omitted them from his text fonts. i. . . .e.. \textless = \texttt ! " \# \$ \% \& ’ ( ) * + . The fourth column lists the L TEX 2ε command to typeset the character as a text A character. . . Table 40). respectively. 9 : . . / 0 1 2 . . .e. . . and “—” in text mode when using the OT1 font encoding. computer keyboard.S. and \textbar. < = Dec 62 63 64 65 66 67 . 57 58 59 60 61 Hex 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 2A 2B 2C 2D 2E 2F 30 31 32 . Z [ \textbackslash ] \^{} \_ ‘ a b c . A Table 328: L TEX 2ε ASCII Table Dec 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 . . . – Use the appropriate symbol commands from Table 2 on page 9. i. “¿”. 7A 7B 7C 7D 7E Char > ? @ A B C . . Z [ \char‘\\ ] \^{} \char‘\_ ‘ a b c .e.. . . and $|$. The third column shows A what the character looks like. “>”.6 ASCII and Latin 1 quick reference Table 328 amalgamates data from various other tables in this document into a convenient reference for A L TEX 2ε typesetting of ASCII characters.

it appears only at the end of a line. • \textasciicircum can be used instead of \^{}. Table 330 presents the characters with which CP1252 augments the standard Latin 1 table. • The code page 437 (IBM PC) version of ASCII characters 1 to 31 can be typeset using the ascii package. T1). The fontenc package can change the font encoding document-wide. . • Many of the \text. In other encodings (e.) Similar to Table 328. The following are some additional notes about the contents of Table 330: • As in Table 329. Table 329 shows the Latin 1 (Western European) character set. is shown as “-” but is actually a discretionary hyphen. For instance. Authors who use \pounds should select a font encoding other than OT1 (as explained on page 8) or use the textcomp package. 115 . \={} is essentially the same as \textasciimacron. when \ttfamily is in effect). • To replace “‘” and “’” with the more computer-like (and more visibly distinct) “`” and “'” within a verbatim environment. Outside of verbatim.. \}. CP1252 introduces symbols in the Latin 1 “invalid” range (characters 128–159). • Not all characters in the 128–159 range are defined.} command (or. vertically centered) tildes can be generated with either the math-mode \sim command (shown in Table 67 on page 30). • Look up “euro signs” in the index for alternatives to \texteuro. • Character 173. a “(tc)” after a symbol name means that the textcomp package must be loaded to access that symbol. you can use \char18 and \char13 to get the modified quote characters. more generally. . A “(T1)” means that the symbol requires the T1 font encoding. A “(T1)” means that the symbol requires the T1 font encoding.. pxfonts. A problem with L TEX’s default handling of this double-mapping is that “{\sffamily\slshape\pounds}” produces “$”. or the textcomp package’s \texttildelow (shown in Table 40 on page 20). diacritic tildes.A • Although “/” does not require any special treatment. which produces a somewhat wide “∼”. See Table 227 on page 72. use the upquote package. which redefines \pounds to use the TS1 font encoding. Table 329 on the next page is an amalgamation of data from other tables in this document. with “£” appearing in italic A fonts and “$” appearing in roman fonts. “Text” (i. commands such as \{. L TEX additionally defines a \slash command which outputs the same glyph but permits a line break afterwards. . A • The commands in the “L TEX 2ε ” columns work both in body text and within a \texttt{. accents can also be produced using the accent commands shown in Table 17 on page 14 plus an empty argument. Microsoft® Windows® normally uses a superset of Latin 1 called “Code Page 1252” or “CP1252” for short. (The former is actually a grave accent. and \textasciitilde can be used instead of \~{}. • The “£” and “$” glyphs occupy the same slot (36) of the OT1 font encoding. • The various \char commands within \texttt are necessary only in the OT1 font encoding. The following are some additional notes about the contents of Table 329: • A “(tc)” after a symbol name means that the textcomp package must be loaded to access that symbol. txfonts. not “£”. your best bet is to use the url package. . If your goal is to typeset tildes in URLs or Unix filenames. \-.g. and various other fonts originating from the TEX world. \_.e. also known as ISO-8859-1. “increase/decrease” is always typeset as a single entity while “increase\slash{}decrease” may be typeset with “increase/” on one line and “decrease” on the next. and \textbackslash all work properly. which has a number of nice features such as proper line-breaking of such names. While Table 328 shows how to typeset the 7-bit ASCII character set. Note that \textasciitilde and \~{} produce raised. Other font encodings use separate slots for the two characters and are therefore robust to the problem of “£”/”$” conflicts. The fontenc package can change the font encoding document-wide. That is. which produces a vertically centered “~” in most fonts but a baseline-oriented “￿” in Computer Modern.

A Table 329: L TEX 2ε Latin 1 Table

Dec 161 162 163 164 165 166 167 168 169 170 171 172 173 174 175 176 177 178 179 180 181 182 183 184 185 186 187 188 189 190 191 192 193 194 195 196 197 198 199 200 201 202 203 204 205 206 207 208

Hex A1 A2 A3 A4 A5 A6 A7 A8 A9 AA AB AC AD AE AF B0 B1 B2 B3 B4 B5 B6 B7 B8 B9 BA BB BC BD BE BF C0 C1 C2 C3 C4 C5 C6 C7 C8 C9 CA CB CC CD CE CF D0

Char ¡ ¢ £ ¤ ¥ ¦ § ￿ © ª « ¬ ® ￿ ° ± ² ³ ￿ µ ¶ · ¸ ¹ º » ¼ ½ ¾ ¿ ` A ´ A ˆ A ˜ A ¨ A ˚ A Æ C ¸ ` E ´ E ˆ E ¨ E ` I ´ I ˆ I ¨ I Ð

A L TEX 2ε

Dec (tc) (tc) (tc) (tc) (tc) (T1) (tc) (tc) (tc) (tc) (tc) (tc) (tc) (tc) 209 210 211 212 213 214 215 216 217 218 219 220 221 222 223 224 225 226 227 228 229 230 231 232 233 234 235 236 237 238 239 240 241 242 243 244 245 246 247 248 249 250 251 252 253 254 255

Hex D1 D2 D3 D4 D5 D6 D7 D8 D9 DA DB DC DD DE DF E0 E1 E2 E3 E4 E5 E6 E7 E8 E9 EA EB EC ED EE EF F0 F1 F2 F3 F4 F5 F6 F7 F8 F9 FA FB FC FD FE FF

Char ˜ N ` O ´ O ˆ O ˜ O ¨ O × Ø ` U ´ U ˆ U ¨ U ´ Y Þ ß a ` a ´ a ˆ a ˜ a ¨ ˚ a æ ¸ c ` e ´ e ˆ e ¨ e ` ı ´ ı ˆ ı ¨ ı ð n ˜ o ` o ´ o ˆ o ˜ o ¨ ÷ ø u ` u ´ u ˆ u ¨ y ´ þ y ¨

A L TEX 2ε

!‘ \textcent \pounds \textcurrency \textyen \textbrokenbar \S \textasciidieresis \textcopyright \textordfeminine \guillemotleft \textlnot \\textregistered \textasciimacron \textdegree \textpm \texttwosuperior \textthreesuperior \textasciiacute \textmu \P \textperiodcentered \c{} \textonesuperior \textordmasculine \guillemotright \textonequarter \textonehalf \textthreequarters ?‘ \‘{A} \’{A} \^{A} \~{A} \"{A} \AA \AE \c{C} \‘{E} \’{E} \^{E} \"{E} \‘{I} \’{I} \^{I} \"{I} \DH

(tc) (T1) (tc) (tc) (tc)

\~{N} \‘{O} \’{O} \^{O} \~{O} \"{O} \texttimes \O \‘{U} \’{U} \^{U} \"{U} \’{Y} \TH \ss \‘{a} \’{a} \^{a} \~{a} \"{a} \aa \ae \c{c} \‘{e} \’{e} \^{e} \"{e} \‘{ı} \’{ı} \^{ı} \"{ı} \dh \~{n} \‘{o} \’{o} \^{o} \~{o} \"{o} \textdiv \o \‘{u} \’{u} \^{u} \"{u} \’{y} \th \"{y}

(tc)

(T1)

(T1)

(tc)

(T1)

(T1)

116

A Table 330: L TEX 2ε Code Page 1252 Table

Dec 128 130 131 132 133 134 135 136 137 138 139 140 142

Hex 80 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 8A 8B 8C 8E

Char € ‚ f „ ... † ‡ ˆ ‰ ˇ S ‹ Œ ˇ Z

A L TEX 2ε

Dec (tc) (T1) (T1) 145 146 147 148 149 150 151 152 153 154 155 156 158 159

Hex 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 9A 9B 9C 9E 9F

Char ‘ ’ “ ” • – — ˜ ™ ˇ s › œ ˇ z ¨ Y

A L TEX 2ε

\texteuro \quotesinglbase \textit{f} \quotedblbase \dots \dag \ddag \textasciicircum \textperthousand \v{S} \guilsinglleft \OE \v{Z}

(tc) (T1)

‘ ’ ‘‘ ’’ \textbullet ---\textasciitilde \texttrademark \v{s} \guilsinglright \oe \v{z} \"{Y}

(T1)

While too large to incorporate into this document, a listing of ISO 8879:1986 SGML/XML character entities A and their L TEX equivalents is available from http://www.bitjungle.com/~isoent/. Some of the characters A presented there make use of isoent, a L TEX 2ε package (available from the same URL) that fakes some of the A missing ISO glyphs using the L TEX picture environment.14

8.7

Unicode characters

Unicode is a “universal character set”—a standard for encoding (i.e., assigning unique numbers to) the symbols appearing in many of the world’s languages. While ASCII can represent 128 symbols and Latin 1 can represent 256 symbols, Unicode can represent an astonishing 1,114,112 symbols. A Because TEX and L TEX predate the Unicode standard and Unicode fonts by almost a decade, support for A A Unicode has had to be added to the base TEX and L TEX systems. Note first that L TEX distinguishes between input encoding—the characters used in the .tex file—and output encoding—the characters that appear in the generated .dvi, .pdf, etc. file. Inputting Unicode characters To include Unicode characters in a .tex file, load the ucs package and load the inputenc package with the utf8x A A (“UTF-8 extended”) option.15 These packages enable L TEX to translate UTF-8 sequences to L TEX commands, which are subsequently processed as normal. For example, the UTF-8 text “Copyright © 2009”—“©” is not an ASCII character and therefore cannot be input directly without packages such as ucs/inputenc—is converted internally by inputenc to “Copyright \textcopyright{} 2009” and therefore typeset as “Copyright © 2009”. The ucs/inputenc combination supports only a tiny subset of Unicode’s million-plus symbols. Additional symbols can be added manually using the \DeclareUnicodeCharacter command. A \DeclareUnicodeCharacter takes two arguments: a Unicode number and a L TEX command to execute when the corresponding Unicode character is encountered in the input. For example, the Unicode character “degree celsius” (“ ￿ ”) appears at character position U+2103.16 However, “ ￿ ” is not one of the characters that ucs and inputenc recognize. The following document shows how to use \DeclareUnicodeCharacter to A tell L TEX that the “ ￿ ” character should be treated as a synonym for \textcelsius: \documentclass{article} \usepackage{ucs} \usepackage[utf8x]{inputenc}
14 isoent is not featured in this document, because it is not available from CTAN and because the faked symbols are not “true” characters; they exist in only one size, regardless of the body text’s font size. 15 UTF-8 is the 8-bit Unicode Transformation Format, a popular mechanism for representing Unicode symbol numbers as sequences of one to four bytes. 16 The Unicode convention is to express character positions as “U+￿hexadecimal number ￿”.

117

\usepackage{textcomp} \DeclareUnicodeCharacter{"2103}{\textcelsius} \begin{document} It was a balmy 21￿. \end{document} which produces It was a balmy 21￿. See the ucs documentation for more information and for descriptions of the various options that control ucs’s behavior. Outputting Unicode characters
A Orthogonal to the ability to include Unicode characters in a L TEX input file is the ability to include a given A Unicode character in the corresponding output file. By far the easiest approach is to use XEL TEX instead of A A A pdfL TEX or ordinary L TEX. XEL TEX handles Unicode input and output natively and can utilize system fonts directly without having to expose them via .tfm, .fd, and other such files. To output a Unicode character, A a XEL TEX document can either include that character directly as UTF-8 text or use TEX’s \char primitive, A which XEL TEX extends to accept numbers larger than 255. Suppose we want to output the symbols for versicle (“ ”) and response (“ ”) in a document. The Unicode charts list “versicle” at position U+2123 and “response” at position U+211F. We therefore need to install a font that contains those characters at their proper positions. One such font that is freely available from CTAN is Junicode Regular (Junicode-Regular.ttf) from the junicode package. The fontspec package makes it easy A for a XEL TEX document to utilize a system font. The following example defines a \textjuni command that uses fontspec to typeset its argument in Junicode Regular:

% Enable direct input of U+2103.

\documentclass{article} \usepackage{fontspec} \newcommand{\textjuni}[1]{{\fontspec{Junicode-Regular}#1}} \begin{document} We use ‘‘\textjuni{\char"2123}’’ for a versicle and ‘‘\textjuni{\char"211F}’’ for a response. \end{document} which produces We use “ ” for a versicle and “ ” for a response. (Typesetting the entire document in Junicode Regular would be even easier. See the fontspec documentation for more information regarding font selection.) Note how the preceding example uses \char to specify a Unicode character by number. The double quotes before the number indicate that the number is represented in hexadecimal instead of decimal.

8.8

About this document

History David Carlisle wrote the first version of this document in October, 1994. It originally contained A all of the native L TEX symbols (Table 44, Table 57, Table 67, Table 102, Table 128, Table 131, Table 152, Table 153, Table 164, Table 169, Table 201, and a few tables that have since been reorganized) and was designed to be nearly identical to the tables in Chapter 3 of Leslie Lamport’s book [Lam86]. Even the table captions and the order of the symbols within each table matched! The AMS symbols (Table 45, Table 68, Table 69, Table 105, Table 106, Table 132, Table 137, Table 148, and Table 202) and an initial Math Alphabets table (Table 213) were added thereafter. Later, Alexander Holt provided the stmaryrd tables (Table 46, Table 59, Table 70, Table 108, Table 125, and Table 149). In January, 2001, Scott Pakin took responsibility for maintaining the symbol list and has since implemented A a complete overhaul of the document. The result, now called, “The Comprehensive L TEX Symbol List”, includes the following new features: 118

2009 5913 textcomp latexsym amssymb stmaryrd euscript wasysym pifont manfnt bbding undertilde ifsym tipa tipx extraipa wsuipa phonetic ulsy ar metre txfonts mathabx fclfont skak ascii dingbat skull eurosym esvect yfonts yhmath esint mathdots trsym universa upgreek overrightarrow chemarr chemarrow nath trfsigns mathtools phaistos arcs vietnam t4phonet holtpolt semtrans dictsym extarrows protosem harmony hieroglf cclicenses mathdesign arev MnSymbol cmll extpfeil keystroke fge turnstile simpsons epsdice feyn universal staves igo colonequals shuffle fourier dozenal pmboxdraw pigpen clock teubner linearA linearb cypriot sarabian china2e harpoon steinmetz milstd recycle DotArrow ushort hhcount ogonek combelow accents nicefrac bm mathrsfs chancery calligra bbold mbboard dsfont bbm none Packages omitted: Table 332: Package versions used in the preparation of this document Name textcomp latexsym Date 2005/09/27 1998/08/17 (continued on next page) 119 .sty file with \ProvidesPackage) for each package that was used to build this document and that specifies a package date. Complete. and reformat. to provide a more user-friendly document structure • an index. prebuilt versions of this document are available from CTAN (http://www. but that symbols. Build characteristics Table 331 lists some of this document’s build characteristics.org/ or one of its many mirror sites) in the directory tex-archive/info/symbols/comprehensive. the internal structure of the document has been completely altered from David Carlisle’s original version. to help users quickly locate symbols • symbol tables rewritten to list the symbols in alphabetical order A • appendices providing additional information relevant to using symbols in L TEX • tables showing how to typeset all of the characters in the ASCII and Latin 1 font encodings Furthermore. Most of the changes are geared towards making the document easier to extend. Table 331: Document Characteristics Characteristic Source file: Build date: Symbols documented: Packages included: Value symbols. and other symbols. and thousands of new symbols • the categorization of the symbol tables into body-text symbols. dozens of new font tables. Packages are not listed in any particular order in either Table 331 or Table 332. dingbats. and a frequently-requested symbol list. hyperlinks.• the addition of a handful of new math alphabets. mathematical symbols.tex November 9.ctan. Most important is the list A of packages that L TEX couldn’t find. modify. Table 332 shows the package date (specified in the . ancient languages. science and technology symbols.tex otherwise would have been able to take advantage of. table of contents.

(continued from previous page) Name amssymb stmaryrd euscript wasysym pifont manfnt bbding undertilde ifsym tipa tipx wsuipa metre txfonts mathabx skak ascii dingbat skull eurosym yfonts mathdots trsym universa upgreek chemarr mathtools phaistos arcs t4phonet semtrans dictsym extarrows protosem harmony hieroglf cclicenses arev MnSymbol extpfeil keystroke fge turnstile epsdice feyn universal colonequals shuffle pmboxdraw pigpen clock teubner Date 2002/01/22 1994/03/03 2001/10/01 2003/10/30 2005/04/12 1999/07/01 1999/04/15 2000/08/08 2000/04/18 2002/08/08 2003/01/01 1994/07/16 2001/12/05 2008/01/22 2003/07/29 2008/10/09 2006/05/30 2001/04/27 2002/01/23 1998/08/06 2003/01/08 2006/03/16 2000/06/25 98/08/01 2003/02/12 2006/02/20 2008/08/01 2004/04/23 2004/05/09 2004/06/01 1998/02/10 2004/07/26 2008/05/15 2005/03/18 2007/05/03 2000/09/23 2005/05/20 2005/06/14 2007/01/21 2006/07/27 2003/08/15 2007/06/03 2007/06/23 2007/02/15 2008/02/29 97/12/24 2006/08/01 2008/10/27 2006/05/03 2008/12/07 2001/04/10 2008/02/10 (continued on next page) 120 .

121 . either version 1. The current maintainer of this work is Scott Pakin.9 Copyright and license A The Comprehensive L TEX Symbol List Copyright © 2009.3c of this license or (at your option) any later version.(continued from previous page) Name linearA linearb cypriot sarabian china2e harpoon steinmetz DotArrow ushort hhcount ogonek combelow accents nicefrac bm calligra Date 2006/03/13 2005/06/22 1999/06/20 2005/11/12 1997/06/01 1994/11/02 2009/06/14 2007/02/12 2001/06/13 1995/03/31 95/07/17 2009/08/23 2006/05/12 1998/08/04 2004/02/26 1996/07/18 8.txt A and version 1.org/lppl. This work has the LPPL maintenance status “maintained”. The latest version of this license is in http://www. Scott Pakin A This work may be distributed and/or modified under the conditions of the L TEX Project Public License.latex-project.3c or later is part of all distributions of L TEX version 2006/05/20 or later.

USA. 4(4):19. The METAFONTbook. Short math guide for L TEX. Available from http:// www. Available from http://www.org/usergrps/uktug/baskervi/4 4/ bask4 4. 1999. Baskerville. Available from http:// www. [Ber01] [Che97] Karl Berry. Raymond Chen. 1986. L TEX: A document preparation system. A [Lam86] Leslie Lamport. December 13. USA. [Gib97] Jeremy Gibbons. Knuth. L TEX News. ISSN 1354-5930.ps (also included in many TEX distributions). Reading. A [L T00] 122 .tug. A [Dow00] Michael Downes. USA. Hey—it works! TUGboat.References [AMS99] American Mathematical Society. MA.pdf (also included in many TEX distributions).org/pub/tex/doc/amsmath/amsldoc. [Knu86a] Donald E. The TEXbook. Knuth. A new math accent. June 1997. July 19.ctan.org/tex/short-math-guide.pdf. [Knu86b] Donald E. 1986. Available from ftp://ftp. A A L TEX3 Project Team. MA. June 1998. User’s Guide for the amsmath Package (Version 2. 18(2):75–78. volume C of Computers and Typesetting. 2000. Version 1.0). 2000. January 30.07.ps. A [L T98] A A L TEX3 Project Team.ams.pdf. Available from http://tug. Available from http://www.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/doc/ltnews09. Reading. Reading. Fontname: Filenames for TEX fonts. Addison-Wesley. 1986. volume A of Computers and Typesetting.ctan. Addison-Wesley. MA. Issue 9. September 1997.ctan. Available from http:// www. A METAFONT of ‘Simpsons’ characters. L TEX 2ε font selection.html.org/tex-archive/macros/latex/doc/fntguide.org/ tex-archive/info/fontname.ams. June 2001.ctan.org/TUGboat/Articles/tb18-2/tb55works. Addison-Wesley.

. . . . . . . .. . . see \lvert and \rvert abz¨ uglich . 59. . . . . . . . . . 16 \acbar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \AAresh (R) .. . . .. . . . . . . . 107–109 acute (´ a) . . . . . . . . . 70 \acarc . . . . 14–18. . . 71. . . . see alphabets. . . . . . . . . . caron hook (￿) . 57 \aldine (￿) . . . diæresis umlaut see accents. . . . . . . . . . 14 . 107 ( (￿) . . see \textadvancing \AE (Æ) . . . . . . . . 107 advancing . . . 9. . ) . 81 \Ahelmet (v) . . . . .. . . 81 \AAkaph (K) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 . . . . . 64 . . . 17 diæresis (¨ a) 14. . “ a ´ ” for “\’”). 54. . .. 14 Hungarian umlaut . . . 17 \Adaleth (d) .. . 18. . . 59–61. . . Some symbol entries appear to be listed repeatedly. . . . . . . . \_ ( ) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . see accents. .￿ ￿. . . . . 119. . 108 actuarial symbols . . . . . 55 ) (￿) . .. . . . . . 61 95 10 10 \AchtBR ( ˇ “ ) . . . .. . . . \{ ({) . . . . 14–18. . 57. . . . . . . . . . . 89 \actuarial ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 A a (esvect package option) \a (×) . . . . . . . ring macron (¯ a) . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . . .. . . . ... 81 \AAlamed (L) . . . 81 \AAyod (Y) . . . . . (. . 54 ) ()) . 60 multiple per character 15–16. . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . 18. . 114 9. . 14. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 alphabets African . . . . . . see accents. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 . . . 57 \alad (}) . 60 arc (￿ breve (˘ a) . [ ([) . 89 \AchtBL ( ˇ “ ) = = . . . . . . . . 116 . . . . . . . 10 \ae (æ) . . . . . . . for example. 81 \ain ( ) . see \dag Adobe Acrobat . double acute krouˇ zek . . . . . . . . 89 \AAdaleth (D) . . 95 \aeolicbiii (Θ) . . . . . . . . . . . 107 a) . . . .. . . 14. . . .. . 14–18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 . 81 \Ahe (e) . . . . . . .. . Many text-mode commands begin with that prefix. . . . . . . . . 121 \accentset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . 112 . . . 54. . . . . . . . 9. . . . 65 \aleph (ℵ) . . . (a) ˙ / (/) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 \aldinesmall (￿) . . 54. .. . . . . 18 extensible . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \AAhe (E ) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 14 \alpha (α) . . . 9. try looking under “T” for “\text. . . . . . . . . .. 18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \={} (¯) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ |(￿ ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . 57. . . 81 \AAheth (h) . . . . 17. . . . 78 \aldineleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 14 circumflex (ˆ a) 14–16. . . . . . . . \= (¯ a) . . . 109 \AcPa (? ) . . 59. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ] (]) . .. . . . . . . . 107 ogonek ( ˛) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 115. . . . 81 absolute value . . . . . . . . . . . . . . | (|) .. . . . . . . . .. . 81 \AAcht (ˇ “ ˇ “ ) . . . ￿ ￿ [( ￿ ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 caron (ˇ a) . 59. . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . 115 . . . 114 9. . diæresis accents (package) . . . . . . . 95 \agemO (￿) . . ) . 14 . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 . . . . . ) . . 14 . . . . . . . 64 . . . . . . 14–16. 108–109 grave (` a) . . . . . . . . . . . 54 \Acht (ˇ “( ) = =. . . . . . . . 115 . . 54 .. . . . . . . 107. . . . . 57–61.. . . . . . . . . . . . 78 \aldineright (￿) . . 58 \" (¨ a) \# (#) \$ ($) \% (%) \& (&) \’ (´ a) ( (() . . . 14–17 ring (˚ a) . 64 < (￿) . . . . . . . \~{} (˜) . . 54 54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \aeolicbiv (Κ) .) . . . . . 18. . . . . . . 16 accents . . . . . . . . 55 30.) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .17 Symbols . 14 9. . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \AAqoph (Q) . . . 57. . . . . .. . \adots ( . . . 14 . . . . 9. . . . . . . . 115 . 72 \acontraction . . . . . . . . . . . \AAaleph (A) .Index If you’re having trouble locating a symbol. . .g. . . . . ￿ \^{} (ˆ) \| (￿) . . 58. . . . . 14 9. . . . . . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . 78 \aleph (ℵ) . 17 This . . . . . . Also. . 81 \Aheth (H) . . . . . 108 \acute (´) . see accents. . . . . . . . 56. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \Akaph (k) .. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \Aayin (o) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 114 . . . . . .. . . \. 81 \AAsade (X) . 51 \Alif ( ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . math adjoint (†) . 123 . . 14 . 57. 81 \Alad (}) . . . . . . . . . . . . \AA (˚ A) . . . . . 10 \aeolicbii (Ι) . 55 * (*) .. . .. . . . . 17. . . . .. . . . . . \‘ (` a) . see accents \acutus (a ´) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . This happens when multiple packages define identical (or nearly identical) glyphs with the same symbol name. . . . . 14–17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 81 \Aaleph (a) . . . . .. . . . 57 acute (´ a) . . . . . . . . . . 66 \Agimel (g) . . . . . . . . \\ . . . 60 comma-below (a . . . . . . . . . 81 \AAayin (O) . . 57 \Alamed (l) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 81 \AAhelmet (V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 / (￿) . . . . see \textdiscount \AC ( ￿ ) . .. .. . . . . . .”. 55 \: \. .. . . . . . . . . . . . 64. . .. . . 57 double acute (˝ a) . . . . . . . .. . . . 81 \Alas ({) . . . 89 \ACK (￿) .. . . . . . . . . 57 any character as . . . . . \| (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 68 dot (a ˙ or . . . . . . . . . . . . 89. . . . . . . 81 \AAbeth (B) . . . 115 . . . . 14. . . . . . . . . . . . 55 . . .. . . . . . \} (}) . . . . . . \~ (˜ a) . . . 14–18. . . . . 57 h´ aˇ cek . 54 = = Romanian comma-belo accent . . . 14–16. . . 81 \AApe (P) . . . . . \. . . . 81 \Abeth (b) . . . . . . . (. .. see accents. .. 57. . . 81 adeles ( ) . . . . . 104 . . . . . . . . 10 occurs frequently between amssymb and mathabx. . . . . . . . . . . . . . \| ( ) .) . . .. accents are shown over/under a gray box (e.(-) \. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 cedilla (¸) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 51. . . 54 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \? ( . ￿ ￿ ]( ￿ ) . .. . . 57 \alas ({) . . . \aa (˚ a) . . . comma-below trema see accents. . . . . . 63. . . . . . ￿ ￿ ￿ \^ (ˆ a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

Cypriot . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Cyrillic . . . . . . . . . . . 103 Greek . . . . . 50, 51, 68, 87 Hebrew . . . . . . . . . 51, 68 hieroglyphic . . . . . . . . . 82 Linear A . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Linear B . . . . . . . . . . . 85 math . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 phonetic . . . . . . . . 11–14 proto-Semitic . . . . . . . . 81 South Arabian . . . . . . . 87 Vietnamese . . . . . . . . . 10 \alphaup (α) . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 alpine symbols . . . . . . . . . . . 91 \Alt ( Alt ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 alternative denial . see \uparrow and | \AltGr ( AltGr ) . . . . . . . . . 72 \amalg (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \amalg (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \Amem (m) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 ampersand . . . . . . . . . . see \& AMS . 8, 10, 22, 26, 30, 31, 36, 38, 39, 41, 49–54, 58, 59, 61, 64–66, 69, 100, 118 amsbsy (package) . . . . . . . . 113 amsfonts (package) 22, 30, 36, 41, 65, 68 amsmath (package) . . 8, 49, 58, 104, 112 amssymb (package) 8, 22, 30, 36, 41, 58, 65, 68, 87, 119, 120, 123 amstext (package) . . . . 105, 106 \Anaclasis (÷) . . . . . . . . . . 95 \anaclasis (÷) . . . . . . . . . . 95 \anceps (Ξ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \ancepsdbrevis (Ζ) . . . . . . . 95 \anchor ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 80 ancient-language symbols 81–87 and . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \wedge AND gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \ANDd ( \ANDl ( \ANDr ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 73 ) . . . . . . . . . . 73 ) . . . . . . . . . . 73 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 . . 66 . . 65 . . 66 . . 70 65–67 . . . 67

\ANDu ( ) . \angle (∠) . . . \angle (￿ ) . . . \angle (∠) . . . angle notation . angles . . . . . . . \Anglesign (W) ˚ Angstr¨ om unit math mode text mode

see \mathring . . . . . . see \AA

\Angud (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 \angud (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 angular minutes . . . . see \prime angular seconds . . . see \second \Angus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 \angus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 animals . . . . . . . . . . . 81, 82, 86 \Ankh (ˆ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 annuity symbols . . . . . . . . 108 \Antidiple (<) . . . . . . . . . . 95 \antidiple (<) . . . . . . . . . . 95 · ) . . . . . . . . . 95 \Antidiple* (< · · \antidiple* (< · ) . . . . . . . . . 95 \antilabe (. .. . ) . . . . . . . . . . 64 \Antisigma (⊃) . . . . . . . . . . 95 \antisigma (⊃) . . . . . . . . . . 95 \Anun (n) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \Ape (p) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 APL modifiers . . . . . . . . . . . 71 symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLbox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLcirc (◦) . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLcomment (￿) . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLdown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLdownarrowbox (￿) . . . . 71 \APLinput (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLinv (÷ ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLleftarrowbox (￿) . . . . 71 \APLlog (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLminus (−) . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLnot (∼) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLrightarrowbox (￿) . . . . 71 \APLstar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \APLuparrowbox (￿) . . . . . . 71 \APLvert ( | ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \apprge (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \apprle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \approx (≈) . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \approx (≈) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \approxcolon (≈:) . . . . . . . 36 \approxcoloncolon (≈::) . . . 36 \approxeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 30 \approxeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \Aqoph (q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \Aquarius (ê) . . . . . . . . . . 71 \aquarius (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 71 \AR ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 ar (package) . . . . . . . . 70, 119 arc (￿ a) . . . . . . . . . see accents \arccos (arccos) . . . . . . . . . 49 arcminutes . . . . . . . see \prime arcs (package) . . . . 17, 119, 120 arcseconds . . . . . . . see \second \arcsin (arcsin) . . . . . . . . . 49 \arctan (arctan) . . . . . . . . . 49 \Aresh (r) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 arev (package) . 67, 88, 119, 120 \arg (arg) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Aries ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \Aries (à) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \aries (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71

\ArrowBoldDownRight ( ) . 75 \ArrowBoldRightCircled ( ) 75 \ArrowBoldRightShort ( ) . . 75 \ArrowBoldRightStrobe ( ) 75 \ArrowBoldUpRight ( ) . . . 75 \Arrownot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \arrownot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 arrows 41–43, 47, 61–63, 72, 75, 81, 86, 90, 103 diagonal, for reducing subexpressions . . . . . . . . . . 59 dotted . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 double-headed, diagonal 106 extensible . . . . . . . 59–63 fletched . . . . . . . . . 47, 75 negated ￿ . . . . . . . 41, 42, 44 \Arrowvert (￿) . . . . . . . . . 54 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \Arrowvert ( ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . . 55 \arrowvert () . . . . . . . . . . 54 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \arrowvert ( ￿ ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . . . 55 Arseneau, Donald 104, 106–108 \Asade (x) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \Asamekh (s) . . . . . . . . . . . 81 ASCII . . 8, 10, 72, 100, 114–115, 117, 119 table . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114 ascii (package) 72, 115, 119, 120 \ascnode (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \Ashin (S) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 aspect ratio . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 \ast ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \ast (∗) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \ast (∗) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \Asteriscus (× ·· ··) . . . . . . . . . 95 \asteriscus (× ·· ··) . . . . . . . . . 95 \Asterisk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 23 \Asterisk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 78 \asterisk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \AsteriskBold ( ) . . . . . . . 78 \AsteriskCenterOpen ( ) . . 78 \AsteriskRoundedEnds ( ) . 78 asterisks . . . . . . . . . . . . 23, 78 \AsteriskThin ( ) . . . . . . . 78 \AsteriskThinCenterOpen ( ) . . . . . . . . . 78 \asterism (** * ) . . . . . . . . . 104 astrological symbols . . . . . . . 71 astronomical symbols . . . 71, 98 \astrosun (⊙) . . . . . . . . . . 71 \asymp (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \asymp (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \atan (atan) . . . . . . . . . . . 113 \ataribox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \Atav (t) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \Ateth (T) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \AtForty (Ø) . . . . . . . . . . 90 \AtNinetyFive (Ó) . . . . . . 90 atomic math objects . . 49, 113 \AtSixty (Õ) . . . . . . . . . . 90

124

\autoleftarrow (D GGGGG ) . . . 62 \autoleftrightharpoons GGGGG ) (E GGGGGC . . . . . . . . . . . 62 . . 62

\autorightarrow (GGGGGA ) \autorightleftharpoons GGGGGB (F GGGGG ) \Avav (w) . . average . . . . \Ayn ( ￿) . . . \Ayod (y) . . \Azayin (z) . . . . .

\baro ( ) . . . . . . . \barp ( ) . . . . . . . barred letters . . . . \barrightharpoon ( \barsci ( ) . . . . . . \barscu ( ) . . . . .

.... .... .... ) . .... ....

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. 13 . 13 104 . 43 . 13 . 13

. . . . . . . . . . . 62 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 21 14 81 81

B \B . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \B (´) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ˘ b (esvect package option) \b (a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ¯ \b ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ˘ \Ba (a) . . . . . . . . . . . . babel (package) . . . . . . . \babygamma ( ) . . . . . . . \backapprox (￿) . . . . . . \backapproxeq (￿) . . . . \backcong (￿) . . . . . . . . \backepsilon (￿) . . . . . \backeqsim (￿) . . . . . . . \backneg (⌐) . . . . . . . . . \backprime (￿) . . . . . . . \backprime (‵) . . . . . . . \backsim (￿) . . . . . . . . \backsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . \backsimeq (￿) . . . . . . \backsimeq (￿) . . . . . . . \backslash (\) . . . . . . . \backslash (￿)

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.. .. .. .. .. .. 50, .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. .. 54,

10 95 61 14 95 85 87 13 32 32 32 30 32 66 66 66 30 32 30 32 65

\Bart ( ) \baru ( ) . . . . . \barwedge ( ) . \barwedge (⊼) . . base-twelve digits \Bat (ý) . . . . . . \Bau (=) . . . . . \bauarrow ( ) . \baucircle ( ) . \baucircle ( ) \baucross ( ) . \baudash ( ) . . \baueclipse ( ) \bauequal ( ) . \bauface ( ) . . \bauforms ( ) .

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96 13 23 22 65 90 85 75 80 80 77 90 80 90 90 90

\bauforms ( ) . . . . . . . . . 90 \bauhead ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \bauhead ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 90 \bauhole ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 80 \bauplus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \baupunct ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 80 \bauquarter ( ) . . . . . . . . . 90 \bauquestion ( ) . . . . . . . . 90 \bausquare ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 80 \bausquare ( ) . . . . . . . . . 80 \bautriangle ( ) . . . . . . . . 80 \bautriangle ( ) . . . . . . . . 80 \bauwhitearrow ( ) . . . . . . 75 \bauwindow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 90 \BB ( ´) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ˘ \Bb (´ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ˘ \bB ( ´) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ˘ \bb ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ˘ \bba (˘ × ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ \bbalpha ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \bbar (¯ b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 \bbb (˘ ˘ ˘ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \bbbeta ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \Bbbk (k) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 bbding (package) 75–78, 80, 101, 119, 120 \bbdollar ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \bbetter (g) . . . . . . . . . . . 93 \bbeuro ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \bbfinalnun ( ) . . . . . . . . . 68 \bbgamma ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 bbgreekl (mathbbol package option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \BBm ( ´ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ˘) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ¯ \Bbm (¯ ´ ˘ ˘) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ¯ \bBm ( ¯ ´ ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ bbm (package) . . . . . . . 68, 119

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\backslashdiv (￿) . . . . . . . 23 \backtriplesim (￿) . . . . . . . 32 \Baii (;) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Baiii (<) . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 banana brackets . . . . . . . . . . . . see \llparenthesis and \rrparenthesis \banceps (Ψ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \bar (¯) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 \barb ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \barbbrevis (θ) . . . . . . . . 95 \barbrevis (ι) . . . . . . . . . . 95 \barcirc (− ◦ ) . . . . . . . . . . 104 \bard ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \bari ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \barin ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \barj ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \barl ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \barlambda ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 13 \barleftharpoon ( ) . . . . . 43 \baro (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \baro (￿ vs. ) . . . . . . . . . 101

\bbm ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ˘ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ¯ \bbmb ¯ ( ˘ ˘ ¯ ¯ ˘ \bbmx ( ¯ . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘() ) ¯ ¯ \bbnabla . . . . . . . . . . . 68 bbold (package) . . . . . . 68, 119 \bbpe ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \bbqof ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \bbrevis (ς) . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \bbslash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \bbyod ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \bcontraction . . . . . . . . . 109 \Bda (d) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bde (D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \bdecisive (i) . . . . . . . . . 93 \Bdi (f) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bdo (g) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bdu (x) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bdwe (>) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bdwo (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Be (e) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Beam (") . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \Bearing (#) . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \because (∵) . . . . . . . . 30, 64 \because (∵) . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 \BEL (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 \bell (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Berry, Karl . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 \beta (β ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 \betaup (β) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 \beth (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \beth (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \betteris (b) . . . . . . . . . . 93 \between ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \between (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \between (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \Bi (i) . .”. . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \bibridge (a ”) . . . . . . . . . . . 16 biconditional . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \leftrightarrow and \equiv \Bicycle (®) . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \Big . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100, 102 \big . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100, 102 big O (O) . see alphabets, math \bigast ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \bigbosonloop () \bigbosonloopA () . . . . . . . . 74 . . . . . . . 74 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 26 26 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27 27

\bigbosonloopV () . . . . ￿ \bigbox ( ) . . . . . . . . . \bigboxasterisk ( ) . . \bigboxbackslash ( ) . \bigboxbot ( ) . . . . . . \bigboxcirc ( ) . . . . . \bigboxcoasterisk ( ) \bigboxdiv ( ) . . . . . . \bigboxdot ( ) . . . . . . \bigboxleft ( ) . . . . . \bigboxminus ( ) . . . . \bigboxplus ( ) . . . . .

125

\bigboxright ( ) . . . . . . . 27 \bigboxslash ( ) . . . . . . . 26 \bigboxtimes ( ) . . . . . . . 26 \bigboxtop ( ) . . . . . . . . . 26 \bigboxtriangleup ( ) . . . 26 \bigboxvoid ￿ ( ) . . . . . . . . 27 \bigcap ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigcap (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcapdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcapplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcirc (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \bigcirc (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \BigCircle ( ) . . . . . . . . . 79 \bigcircle (￿) . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcoast ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 23 \bigcomplementop ( ) . . . . . 27 \BigCross ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 79 ￿ \bigcup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigcup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcupdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcupplus (￿) . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcupplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcurlyvee (￿ ) . . . . . . . . 26 \bigcurlyvee ( ) . . . . . . . . 26 \bigcurlyvee (￿) . . . . . . . . 29 \bigcurlyveedot (￿) . . . . . 29 \bigcurlywedge (￿ ) . . . . . . 26 \bigcurlywedge ( ) . . . . . . 26 \bigcurlywedge (￿) . . . . . . 29 \bigcurlywedgedot (￿) . . . . 29 \BigDiamondshape ( ) . . . . 79 \bigdoublecurlyvee (￿) . . . 29 \bigdoublecurlywedge (￿) . 29 \bigdoublevee (￿) . . . . . . . 29 \bigdoublewedge (￿) . . . . . 29 \Bigg . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100, 102 \bigg . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100, 102 \BigHBar ( ) . . ￿ . . . . . . . . . 79 \biginterleave ( ) . . . . . . 26 \BigLowerDiamond ( ) . . . . 79 ￿ \bignplus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 26 \bigoast (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigoasterisk ( ) . . . . . . . 27 \bigobackslash ( ) . . . . . . 27 \bigobackslash (￿) . . . . . . 29 \bigobot ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigocirc ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigocirc (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigocoasterisk ( ) . . . . . 27 \bigodiv (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigodot ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigodot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigoleft ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigominus ( ) . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigominus ￿ (￿) . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigoplus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigoplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigoright ( ) . . . . . . . . . 26 \bigoslash ( ) . . . . . . . . . 26 \bigoslash (￿) . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigostar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29

\bigotimes ( ) . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigotimes (￿) . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigotop ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 26 \bigotriangle (￿) . . . . . . . 29 \bigotriangleup ( ) . . . . . 26 \bigovert (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigovoid ( ) ￿ . . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigparallel ˙ ( ) . . . . . . . . 26 \bigparr ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \bigplus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \BigRightDiamond ( ) . . . . 79 \bigsqcap ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 26 ￿ \bigsqcap ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 26 \bigsqcap (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigsqcapdot (￿) . . . . . . . . 29 ￿ \bigsqcapplus ( ) . . . . . . . 27 \bigsqcapplus ￿ (￿) . . . . . . . 29 \bigsqcup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigsqcup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigsqcupdot (￿) . . . . . . . . 29 ￿ \bigsqcupplus ( ) . . . . . . . 27 \bigsqcupplus (￿) . . . . . . . 29 \BigSquare ( ) . . . . . . . . . 79 \bigsquplus ( ) . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigstar ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \bigstar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \bigstar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \bigtimes ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 27 \bigtimes (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \BigTriangleDown (￿ ) . . . . 79 \bigtriangledown ( ) . ￿ . . . 26 \bigtriangledown (￿ vs. ) 101 \bigtriangledown (￿) . . . . 22 \bigtriangledown (▽) . . . . 40 \BigTriangleLeft ( ) . . . . 79 \BigTriangleRight ( ) . . . 79 \BigTriangleUp (￿ ) . . . . . . 79 \bigtriangleup ( ) . .￿ . . . . 26 \bigtriangleup (￿ vs. ) 101 \bigtriangleup (￿) . . . . . . 22 \bigtriangleup ￿ (△) . . . . . . 40 \biguplus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 25 \biguplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigvarstar ( ) . . . . . . . . . 23 \BigVBar ￿ ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \bigvee ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigvee (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigveedot ￿ (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigwedge ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 25 \bigwedge (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 \bigwedgedot ˘ (￿) . . . . . . . . 29 \bigwith ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \binampersand (￿) . . . . . . . 22 binary operators . . . . . . 22–25 binary relations . . 30–32, 34–39, 47, 48 negated . . . . . . . . . 31–33 \bindnasrepma (￿) . . . . . . . 22 \Biohazard (h) . . . . . . . . . 74 biological symbols . . . . . . . . 74 ￿

birds . . . . . . . . . bishop . . . . . . . . \bishoppair (a) \Bja (j) . . . . . . \Bje (J) . . . . . . \Bjo (b) . . . . . . \Bju (L) . . . . . \Bka (k) . . . . . \Bke (K) . . . . . \Bki (c) . . . . . \Bko (h) . . . . . . \Bku (v) . . . . . .

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82 94 93 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 94

a) \BlackBishopOnWhite (b)
\BlackBishopOnBlack ( \BlackEmptySquare (

94 blackboard bold see alphabets, math \blackdiamond ( ) . . . . . . . 23

Z) . \BlackKingOnBlack (j) . \BlackKingOnWhite (k) . \BlackKnightOnBlack (m) \BlackKnightOnWhite (n) o) . \BlackPawnOnWhite (p) . \BlackQueenOnBlack (l) \BlackQueenOnWhite (q) \BlackRookOnBlack (s) . \BlackRookOnWhite (r) .
\BlackPawnOnBlack ( \blacksmiley (￿) . . . . . . \blacksquare (￿) . . . . . . \blacksquare (￿) . . . . . . \blackstone . . . . . . . . . . \blacktriangle (￿) . . . . \blacktriangle (▲) . . . . \blacktriangledown ( ) . \blacktriangledown (￿) . \blacktriangledown (▼) . \blacktriangleleft ( ) . \blacktriangleleft (￿) . \blacktriangleleft (◀) . \blacktriangleright ( ) \blacktriangleright (￿) \blacktriangleright (▶) \blacktriangleup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

94 94 94 94

94 \blacklozenge (￿) . . . . . . . 66 \blacklozenge (￿) . . . . . . . 79 94 94 94 94 94 94 88 66 25 94 66 40 25 66 40 25 39 40 25 39 40 25

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126

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxcoasterisk ( ) . 95 ˘ ¯ bm (package) . . . . . . . . . . 66 \Box (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \Bm (´) . \BPwineiih (Ż) . 85 \BNxxx (˛) . . . 113 \boldmath . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \textborn bosons . 85 \BNcm (ff) . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bno (E) . . . . . . . . \BPsow (ł) . 113 \bomb (￿) . . . . 25 \boxbslash (￿) . . \BParrow (ij) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPwheat (Š) . . . . . . . . \BPtalent (Ď) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 box-drawing symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNvi (˚) . . . 85 \BNxl (‚) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \boxcircle (￿) . . \BPhorse (ď) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \boxtriangleup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPvolb (Ľ) . . . . . . . \Bpo (H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNccc (–) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \Bowtie (￿) . . . . 85 body-text symbols . . . \BPchassis (ź) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPram (ś) . . . 85 \Bmi (y) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPamphora (Ž) . . 85 \BNdccc () . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNl (‹) . 25 \boxdot ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPwoman (ą) . 25 \boxdotLeft (￿) . . 119. . . . . . . . \Bpe (P) . . . . . . . . . . . \BPbarley (Ş) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxLeft (￿) . . 25 \boxvoid ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \Bpte (]) . . . . see \textblank \Bleech (Ë) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPvola (Ĺ) . 25 \boxdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \botdoteq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \boxbox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \bmod . . . \Bpu (I) . . . . . 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNxc („) . . 25 \boxplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ¯ \Bma (m) . . . . . . . 85 \BNii (ˆ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \boxright (￿) . . . 113. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNv (˝) . . . \Bpa (p) . . . . . . 73 born . . . . \BPwool (Ś) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPwineiiih (IJ) . . . . . . . . . . . \Bpaiii ([) . . . . . . . . 25 \boxtop ( ) . . 85 \Bna (n) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNvii (ˇ) . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPbronze (Ű) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPsword (ż) . . . . . . . . 85 \Bnu (F) . . . . . 85 \BNiv (¨) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Bmu (B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNcc (») . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNx (˙) . . . . . . . 85 \Bnwa (@) . 25 \boxplus ( ) . . . . . . 48 block-element symbols . . . . . . 25 \boy ( ) . . . 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \boxslash ( ) . . 42 \boxdotright (￿) . . . . . . . \BPfoal (ě) . . . 65 \Box (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \blitzc ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxminus (￿) . . . . . . 85 \Bne (N) . . . . . . . \BPox (ń) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \boxright ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPvolcf (Ń) . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNlx (›) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPbilly (ť) . . . . . . . . 85 \Bme (M) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNdc (‰) . . . . 25 \boxslash (￿) . . . . . . . . 88 \bowtie (￿￿) . . . . . . . . \BPnanny (ţ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPolive (Ţ) . . . . . . . . 25 \boxdiv ( ) . . . . . 48 \blitzb ( ) . . \BPgoat (ş) . . . . . . math Boolean logic gates . . . . 113 \bm ( ) . . . . 85 \Bo (o) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPman (ă) . .blank . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bni (C) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPvolcd (Ł) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNdcc (ı) . . . . . . 85 \BNlxxx (”) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . \BPbull (ň) . . . . . . 25 \boxtimes ( ) . 90 \blitza ( ) . . 42 \boxempty (￿) . 42 \boxleft ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxslash (￿) . . 74 \bot (⊥) . . 85 \BNd (￿) . 85 \BNi (´) . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxbox (￿) . . . . . . 97 \boxast (￿) . . \BPcloth (Ř) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPwine (Ť) . . . . . . . see alphabets. . . . . . 25 \boxleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \BPpig (ĺ) . . . 22 \boxasterisk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNxx (¸) . . . . . . . . . . . \BPwineivh (İ) . . . 25 \boxbar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 Boolean domain ( ) . . . . . . . . 9–20 bold symbols . . . . . \BPcup (Ÿ) . 85 \BNviii (˘) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BPboar (ľ) . \BPgoblet (Ź) . . . . \BPspear (¡) . 22 \boxtimes (￿) . . . . . . 48 \blitzd ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNc («) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNix (¯) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \blitze ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 \bot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 \boldsymbol . . . . . . . . 32 \Bouquet (¥) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxdot (￿) . . . . 24 \Box (￿) . . . . . . . 42 \boxminus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Bpi (G) . . . 85 \BNlxx (“) . . . . . 25 \boxRight (￿) . . . . \BPwheel (ž) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 85 85 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 85 86 86 86 86 86 86 85 86 86 85 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 127 . . . . 121 \bm . . . . . 25 \boxbackslash ( ) . . . \BPsheep (ř) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \boxminus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \boxcirc ( ) . . . . . . . . \BPcauldroni (đ) \BPcauldronii (§) \BPchariot (ÿ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \boxdotleft (￿) . . . \BPgold (Ů) . . . . . . . . . . . \BPewe (š) . . . . . 25 \boxbackslash (￿) . . 30 \bowtie (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Bpuii (\) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNcd (—) . . 85 \Bmo (A) . . 22 \boxbot ( ) . \BPcow (ŋ) . . 42 \boxdotRight (￿) . . . . 23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \boxtimes (￿) . . 25 \boxvert (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNm (fi) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BNiii (˜) . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \bullet (•) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 card suits . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \Cap (￿) . see \textbullseye \Bumpedeq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 119 caron (ˇ a) . . . . . . . . 23 bullseye . . 85 \Bswi (|) \Btaii (}) . . . . 95 \Catalexis (∧) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 \cc ( ) . . . . . 95 cclicenses (package) 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \bupperhand (e) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bse (S) . . . . . . . . 19 \cdot (·) . . . . . . . . . . 77 \ . . . . . . . . .   \bracevert ( ) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \bracevert ( ￿ ￿ ￿) brackets . . . . 85 \BSpace ( →−￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \breve (a ˘) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see accents carriage return . . . . . . . . 32 \bumpedeq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \check (ˇ) . . . . . 85 \Bqo (8) . 98 \celsius (￿) . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 85 \Broii (‘) . . 61 \c (¸ a) . . 71 \cancer (￿) . . . . . . . . 93 \catal (γ) . . \brevis (β) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . . . . \Bzo (9) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 1. . . see delimiters \Braii (^) . . see \llparenthesis and \rrparenthesis \cb (a . 86 \BUiii (ffl) . . . . . . . 104 \cdot (⋅) . . . . . . 23 \capdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . .. . . . 118. 64 \cdotp (·) . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 105 centigrade . . . . 77. . . . see accents celestial bodies . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65–67. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 caret . . . . . . 103. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . \bracerd (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 90. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Torsten . 18 \centerdot ( ) . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 = \ccnd ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 \Bru (V) . . . 85 . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . \Bwe (W) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 \ccsa (￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 \carriagereturn ( ) . . . 90 \cent (¢) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 calligra (package) . .. . . . 71. 23. . . . . . . . . . . . 55 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 \checked (￿) . . . . . 32 \char . 86 \BUix (%) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \bumpeq (￿) . . . . . . . .. . . . 85 \BS (￿) . . . . . . . . . 72 cancel (package) . . . . 95 \catalexis (∧) . 68 \CAN (￿) . . . . . . . . \braceld (￿) . . . . . . . 86 chancery (package) . . . . . . . . . . . 73 . . . . . . . . . . . . breve (˘ a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \BUvi (") . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .\BPwta (Ă) . . 17 accents . . . . . . . \Bwi (6) . . . . . 19 \Ccc ( ) . 22 centernot (package) . . . . . . 33 \bumpeq (￿) . . . . . . . 30 \Bumpeq (￿) . . . . 74 \Cga (g) . . . . . . . . . . . 95 BY: \ccby ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . David . . . . . . . . 85 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 Bronger. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ) . . . 115. . . . . 86 \Btwo (~) \Bu (u) . . . 88. . . . 95 c (esvect package option) . . 85 \BPwtc (Ć) . . . . . 22 \bullet (●) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 Cartesian product . . . . . . . 85 \Bta (t) . . . . . . . bra . . . ... . . . . \Bwo (7) . . . . . . . . . 23 \capplus (￿) . . 85 \BUFd ( ) . . . . . . 63 \Ce (e) . . . . . see . . . . . see \textcelsius \centre (I) . . . . . . . see \textcent \CEsign (C) . . . . .. . 63 \cdotp (⋅) . . 54 \Bre (R) . . . . . see \^ Carlisle. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . 85 \Bto (4) . . . . . . . 85 \Btu (5) . . . 119. 95 \BUFu ( ) . . . 85 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \Checkmark ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. . . . . . 17 \Cc ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 59 \Cancer (ã) . . . . . 95 catamorphism . . . . . . . . . . . 93 cents . 66. 72 . . \BUviii ($) \BUx (&) . 72. .. . . . . . . see \textcolonmonetary cedilla (¸) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 22 \Cap (￿) . . 14. 73 C \C ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . \Bwa (w) . . 112. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 54 \BUFr ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 \centernot . 57 . .. . . . . . 72 \Bsa (s) . . . . . . . . . . . 70 \Celtcross (‡) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Bti (3) . . . . 85 \Bswa ({) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . \BUxii (­) . . . 116 \c ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 73 \BUi (fl) . . . . . 22 \cap (∩) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BSEfree (n) . 85 braket (package) . . . . 85 \Btwe (­) .. . . . . . 95 CC \cc ( ￿ ) . . 85 \Bqa (q) . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 $ \ccnc ( ￿ ) . . . . 85 \Bte (T) . 68. . 85 \Bso (1) . . . .. .. . . . 93 \castlinghyphen (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \Capricorn (é) . . . . . 86 Cedi . . . . 77 \Checkedbox (V) . . . . . . . . . . 72 \Bsu (2) . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 73 buffers . 121 Calligra (font) . see \aleph care of (c/o) . . . . . . . . . . 80 cardinality . . 85 \Bra (r) . 24 \cap ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \centerdot (￿) . . 86 \BUiv ( ) . . 64 \cdots (· · · ) . . . . 18. . . 85 . . . 32 \Bumpeq (￿) . . . . . 80. . . \BUxi (’) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 . . . . . . 94 \castlingchar (O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \BPwtd (Č) . . . 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Bze (Z) . . . . . . . \BUvii (#) . . . 23 \cap (∩) . 85 \Bqi (X) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 128 C \Bri (O) . . . . . \Bza (z) . . . . . . . . 22. . . . . . . \capricornus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 73 \BUFl ( ) . . . . .. . see \times castle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 68 calrsfs (package) . . . . . . . . . . 57 check marks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 85 \Braiii (_) .. . . . . . . 71 \capturesymbol (X) . . . 85 \BPwtb (Ą) . . . . . 54 109 109 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \Bsi (Y) . \Break ( Break \breve (˘) . . . . . 85 \Bqe (Q) . 80. . . . . . . . . . . . 93 \Burns ( \BusWidth ( ) \BUv (!) . . . . . . . . . . . 119 \changenotsign . . . . . . . . 96 73 86 86 86 86 86 86 86 85 85 85 85 85 85 85 \Bro (U) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \BUii (ffi) . . 118 Charter (font) . 85 \brokenvert (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \CheckedBox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \Ca (a) . . . . . . . . . . .

117 code page 437 . . . 97. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \complement (￿) . . 44 circled numbers . . . . . . . . . 21. . . . 86 \Cme (M) . . . . . . . . . . . 73 circumflex (ˆ a) . . . 91 clovers . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . 42 \circlearrowright (￿) . . . . . . . 86 \Cko (h) . see \odot \circleddotleft (￿) . . . . . . 44 \circlearrowright ( ) . . . . . . . . . 22. . . . . Raymond . . . . 86 \Cke (K) . . . . . 90 \ClockStyle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \coloneqq (￿) . . . . . 25 \circleddash (￿) . . 36. . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . 86 \coAsterisk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 24. . 86 \Cka (k) . . . . . . . . . 10 \checkmark (✓) . . . . 92 \closedcurlyvee (￿) . . 33 \closedrevepsilon ( ) . . . . 88 clock symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 complete shuffle product ( ) 24 \COMPLEX ( ) . . 50 china2e (package) 19. 34 \coloneq ( ) . see \otimes \circledvee (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 \chemarrow (A ) . . . . 36 \coloncolonapprox (::≈) . . . . . . . . . 86 \clickb ( ) . 92 \clocktime . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 \Coffeecup (K) . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 \CircleSolid ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 92. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 code page 1252 . . . . . . . . . 21. . 23 \coasterisk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \coloncolonminus (::−) . . . .tex (newsgroup) . see \circleddotright \circledplus . . . . . . . . . 41 \circlearrowleft (￿) . 86 \Cnu (F) . . . . . . . 63 \colon ( : ) . . . . 34 \colonsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \coloncolonequals (::=) . 34 \colonapprox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cmu (B) . . . . see accents \circumflexus (a ˜) . . . . . . . . . . 86 cmll (package) 21. 90 \CleaningF (¾) . 42 \circledgtr (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \Colonapprox (::≈) . . . . . . . 10. . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cjo (b) . . . . . 49 129 . . . 88 \circlearrowleft ( ) . . . see accents communication symbols . . . . . . . . . . 86 cipher symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 \clubsuit (♣) . . . . . . . 41 \circlearrowright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65–67. . . . . . 93 chemarr (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cmi (y) . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 clubs (suit) . . . 93 \complement ( ) . . 33 \Coloneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \CleaningP (¬) . . . 36 \colonapprox (:≈) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \CleaningPP (­) . . 86 \Cno (E) . . 62. . . 23 \circleleft (￿) . 94 \CircleShadow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \oslash \circledtimes . . . . . . 49. . . . . ancient . . . . . . . . . . 103–108 \compensation (n) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \checkmark (￿ vs. . . 88. . 90 \Cli (d) . . . . . . . . . . 33 \Cloud ( ) . . . . . . . . 13 \clickt ( ) . 36 \colonsim (:∼) . . . . . . . 101 \Circle (￿) . . . . . 32 \coloneq (:−) . . . . 50 \Ci (i) . . 90–92 \ClockFramefalse . . . . . . . . 22 \circleddash (⊖) . . . . . . . 63 \colon (∶) . 94 \CircledA (ª) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cle (L) . . . ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 \Colonapprox (￿) . . . . 98 \circ (◦) . . . . . 73 comma-below accent (a . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \circeq ( ) . . . . . 31 colonequals (package) 21. . 86 \Cki (c) . . . . . . . . 13 \Clo (f) . . . . . . . . 42 \circleddotright (￿) . . . 21. . 86 \Co (o) . 36 \Colonsim (￿) . . . . . 86 \Cni (C) . . . . . . . . 36 \coloncolonsim (::∼) . . . 80 \CheckmarkBold ( ) . . 22. . . . . . . . 36 \Coloneq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \colonapprox (:≈) . . . . . . . . 90 \CleaningFF (¿) . 79 \Circle (￿ vs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 \checkmark ( ) . . see \oplus \circledR (￿) . . . . . 23 \Circsteel (•) . . . . . . . . . 105 \circ (○) . . . . 36 coins. . . 31 \coloncolon (::) . . 21. . . . 42 \circlearrowleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . .\checkmark (￿) . . . . . . . . 13 \clickc ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \chesscomment (RR) . 25 \circleddot . . . 42 \circleright (￿) . . . 119. . . 47 Chen. . 34 \coloneqq (:=) . . 24 \closedequal (￿) . . . 67. . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Complex ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 \clock ( ) . . . . . 73 commutative diagrams . . . . . 98. . 119 \Cmo (A) . . . . . 52 \circledslash . . . . . . . . . . . 62. . 34 \colonsim (:∼) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cku (v) . 24 \closedcurlywedge (￿) . 65 \clubsuit (♣) . . . .text. . . . . . . . . . . 121 \chiup (χ) . . . 30 \circeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \circledcirc (￿) . . . . . . . . 31 \circledminus . . . . . . . . . . 33 \closedniomega ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \circplus ( ) . . 23 \circledwedge (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88. . . . . . . . 90 \coh (¨) . . . . . . 31 \circledless (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 circles . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 \chesssee (l) . . . . . . 32 \circeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 chess symbols . 34 \coloneq (￿) . . . . . ) . 31 \coloneq (∶=) . . . . 80 \Circpipe (›) . 31 combelow (package) 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \closedprec (￿) . . . . . . 92 \ClockFrametrue . . 78 \Clu (q) . . 86 \Cla (l) . . . 106 comp. . . . . . . . . . 23 \circledbslash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \circledcirc (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \circledast (￿) . 120 chemarrow (package) 47. . . . . . 79–80. 120 \colonequals (:=) . . . . 92 \Clocklogo (U) . . . . . . . . . 8. . 31 \Colonsim (::∼) . . . see \circleddotleft \circledotright . . . . . see \ominus \circledotleft . . . . . . . 36 \colonminus (:−) . . . . 77 \checksymbol (+) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \CleaningA («) . . . . . . 13 \closedsucc (￿) . . . . . 72. . . 92 \clock (￿) . 77. . . . . . . . 121 combinatorial logic gates . . . . . . 17 \Cja (j) . . . . . . . 115 table . . . . . . . . 86 \Cne (N) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \CIRCLE (￿) . . . 19 \colon . 52 \complement (￿) . . . . . . . 93 \chessetc (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cna (n) . . . 66 \Cma (m) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 clock (package) . . . . 22 \circledast (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . . . . 68. . . . . . . . 93 \chi (χ) . . . . . . . . . . 52 \circledS (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \Circle ( ) . . 31 \Coloneqq (::=) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \circledbar (￿) . 31 \Coloneq (::−) . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \curvearrowswne (￿) . . . . 22 \Cup (￿) . . . 86 cypriot (package) . . . . 76. . 14 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . 100. . 42 \curvearrowright (￿) . .. . 87 \coprod ( ) . 21. . . . 24 \cupdot (￿) . .. . . . . . . . 121 \Cza (g) . . . . see code page 1252 CP437 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \coth (coth) . . . . see alphabets. . . . . . . . . . 43 \curvearrownesw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. . . . . . 49 \cot (cot) . . . . . . . . 90 cross ratio . . . 87 \coppa (￿) ￿ . . . 21. . . 17 . . . . \dasharrow . . . 42 \curvearrowbotright ( ) . . . . . . see \nleftarrow and \nsubset \convolution ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Creative Commons licenses . . . . . . . . . . see \leftarrow and \subset converse nonimplication . . . . . . . . . . see code page 437 \Cpa (p) . . . . . . see musical symbols Ŕ \crtilde (˜ a) . . . . 86 \Cti (3) . 24 \Csi (Y) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . 22 \curlyvee (⋎) . . . . . . . 101 \Cross ( ) . \dagger (†) . . . . . . . 76 crotchet . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \curvearrowleftright (￿) . . 72 Computer Modern (font) . . . . . .complex numbers ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \curvearrownwse (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 104. . . . . 86 \Cre (R) . . . . . . . . . . 24 \curlywedgedot (￿) . . \danger (￿) . . . 9 \corner ( ) . . . . logical . . . . . . . 75 cutoff subtraction . . .. 86 \csc (csc) . . . 72 \Ctu (5) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \wedge and \& consequence relations . . . . . . 24 \cupplus (￿) . . 75 \Cutline (r) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \daleth (￿) . . . 119. . . . . . . . 18 CP1252 . . . . . . . . . . . 71 conjunction. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . ¨ d (esvect package option) \d (a ) . . . . . . . . . . 22 \curlyyogh ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cwi (6) . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cube ( ) 92. . . . . . . 43 \Cutleft (s) . 44 \curvearrowleftright ( ) . . .. . 19 crescent (fge package option) 58 \Cri (O) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 CTAN see Comprehensive TEX Archive Network \Cte (T) . 86 crucifixes . . 61 . . . . . . . . 86 \cyprfamily . . . . . . . . . . 33 \curlyeqsucc ( ) . . . 79 \Cross († vs. 43 \curvearrowright ( ) . . . . 76 \crossnilambda ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \Crux (†) . . . . 42 \curvearrowdownup (￿) . . . . . . see \textrecipe \crossb ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \cshuffle ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 24 \curlyveedot (￿) . . . . 24 \curlyc ( ) . . 57 \crux (†) . . . 23 \cup (∪) . 13 \curlyz ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 30 \curlyeqprec (￿) . . . 18. . . . . . . . . \daleth (￿) . . . 86 Cypriot . 86 \Cpe (P) . . ) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 \CrossClowerTips ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 Comprehensive TEX Archive Network . . . . . . . . 72 \cr . . .. . . . . . . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 \curvearrowleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cwe (W) . . . . . . 22 \curlywedgeuparrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cross ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 33 congruent . . . . . . . 115 \ComputerMouse (Í) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 cube root . . . . . . . . . 68 \curvearrowbotleft ( ) . . . . . . 86 \Cso (1) . . 13 \curlyvee ( ) . 43 130 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \curlywedge (⋏) . . . . . . . . . . 67 \corresponds ( ) . . . 42 \curvearrowbotleftright ( ) . . . . . . . . 95 \Corresponds (=) . . . . 44 \curvearrowrightleft (￿) . . . . . . . 25 \coprod (￿) . 113 \cosh (cosh) . . . 90. . . . . . . . . math composited accents . see \dotdiv \Cutright (q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 computer keys . . . . . 72 converse implication . . . . . . 95 \coronainv (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 48 control characters . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cta (t) . . . . . . 90 crosses . . . . . . . . . 42 \curvearrowleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \CR (￿) . . . 22 \curlyveeuparrow (￿) . . . . . . . 13 \currency (¤) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cyo (b) . 24 \curlyveedownarrow (￿) . 57 \Csa (s) . . . . . . 97 \corona (￿) . . . . . . 49. . . . . 76 \Cross (†) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \curlyeqprec ( ) . 49 \Cse (S) . . . . . . . . . 49 \counterplay (V) . . . . . . 86 \Cu (u) . . . . . 43 \curvearrowsenw (￿) . . . \dashrightarrow \dasheddownarrow (⇣) . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 . . . . . 72 \cong (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76. . . . . . 30 \cong (≅) . 32 \curlyeqprec (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 104 \Cra (r) . 72 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 \cup ( ) . . . . 1. . . . . 76 \crossd ( ) . . . . 51 . . . . . . . 86 \Cxe (X) . . . 30 \curlyeqsucc (￿) . . . 13 \CrossOpenShadow ( ) .. 33 \curlyesh ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 corners. . . 22 . . . . . . . 93 Courier (font) . see \equiv \conjunction (￿) . . . . 18 currency symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cpo (H) . . . . . . . . 102. . . . . . 8. . . . 32 \curlyeqsucc (￿) . . . . . . 13 \CrossBoldOutline ( ) . . . . . . 69. . . . . . 29 copyright . . 59. . . . . . . 86 \Cwo (7) . . 23 \Coppa (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 13 \CrossMaltese ( ) . 22. 86 \Cya (j) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \copyright (©) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cro (U) . . . . vs. \dag (†) . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cpu (I) . . . 35 contradiction symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. see \sqrt \Cup (￿) . . 23 \curlyvee (￿) . . . . . . dangerous bend symbols \DArrow ( ↓ ) . . . . . . . . . 86 \Ctrl ( Ctrl ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \curvearrowupdown (￿) . .. . . . . . . . . 77. . . . 24 \curlywedgedownarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \crossh ( ) . . . . . 86 D \D (a) . 23 \curlywedge (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 32 \cos (cos) . see . . . . . . . . 86 \Cxa (x) . . . . . . . 76 \CrossOutline ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 117–119 computer hardware symbols . . . . .. . 86 \Czo (9) . . . 16 \Cru (V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Csu (2) . box . . 41 \curvearrowright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 86 \Cto (4) . . . . . . 86 \Cpi (G) . . . 100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 \Cwa (w) . . . . . . . 112 \cup (∪) . 22 \curlywedge ( ) . . 13 \Crossedbox (X) . . . 43 \curvearrowleft ( ) . .

. . . . . . . . 105. . . . . . . . \DeclareFontFamily . . . . . 87 \digamma (￿) . .. . . . . 13 10. . . . . \ddag (‡) . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 . \DD (D D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \declareslashed . . . . . . . . . see \vee \displaystyle . . . . . . . . partial . . \dashleftrightarrow (￿) \dashrightarrow (￿) . . . 43 . . . . . . . . . 23 \divideontimes ( ) . . . 66 . . . \decofourright (￿) . . . 78 . 101. 87 digital logic gates . . . . . . . . 63 . . . . . . \dbend (￿) . . . 35 \ddttstile ( ) . . . 32 . . . . . . see \textdied differential. \dashednwarrow (￿) . 103 definition symbols . . . 44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \diatop . 49 \degree ( ) . . . . . . see \dbar \Digamma (￿) . . . . . . . . . . see \Denarius delimiters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 36 . . . . . . . 116 . . . 66 . . \decothreeright (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 definite-description operator ( ) .. 58 . . . .. . . . \diagonal (G) . . . 131 ι \dashedleftarrow (⇠) . . . . . \ddots ( . . . 77 dingbat (package) . . . . . . dblaccnt (package) . . . . . . . . . . 78 ) . . . . \ddashint (= ) . . . . . 10. ) . . . . 120 died . .. . . . . \DCd (￿) . 50 \deltaup (δ) . . 21 . . . . 70 Mayan . . . . . . . . . .. 70 \dim (dim) . . . 56 \Delta (∆) . . . . . . . \ddot (¨) . . . . . . . . . .. . 41 . . \ddots (￿) . . . . 115 disjoint union . . 34 . . . . . 33 division . . 73 digits . . . . . . . . . . . . \DiamonddotRight (￿) . . . . . 95 · Dirac notation . . . . . . . . . 79 \DiamondShadowC ( ) . . . . . . . . . 66 . \diameter (￿) . . . . . . . . \DavidStar ( ) . \DeclareFontShape . . . . . . . . . . 42 ) . .. . . . . . . . . . . .. see musical symbols \Denarius (¢) .. . . . . . . . \dbar (¯ d) . \dh (￿) . . . . . . . . 72 \Del ( Del ) . . . . . . . 53–57 text-mode . .. . . . . . . . . . . 63 . . . . . . 36 . . . . . \diagdown (￿) . . . . . . . \Diamond (￿) . . . . . . . \ddotdot (￿) . . . \Diamonddotright (￿) . . . 57 variable-sized . 108 \deg (deg) . 72 \Deleatur . . 89 . . . . . . . 33 . . . 66 . . . . . . . . 103 dictionary symbols . \dBar (||) . . . . . . . . . . . 35 . . 96 dictsym (package) . . 43 . . \dft ( ) . .. . . . 66 . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 75–78. . . . . \decothreeleft (￿) . . . . . . 43 . .. . \dh (ð) . . . .. . . . 108. \dblcolon (::) . . . . . . 42 \diamondminus (￿) . . . 25 \DiamondSolid ( ) . . .. . . . . 17 accents . . . . . . . . . . . see \textdegree \DEL (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50. . . .. . . . . . 78 . . . . . see \textdiscount discretionary hyphen . . . . . . 42 . . . . . . .. . . 66 . . . . . . 25 \diamondplus (￿) . . 95 · ) . . . . . . . . . \diagdown (￿) . . . . . \dashednearrow (￿) . 78 . \Diamond (￿) . . . . . . 32 . . . . . . . . . . \dasheduparrow (⇡) . . . see \diaeresis (a ¨) . \Diamond (￿) . . . . 119. . 41 . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . \diamonddot (￿) . 77 . . . . .. . . . . \decotwo (￿) . . . . 20 segmented . . 54–57 wavy-line . . . 24 \divdot ( ) . . . 54 discount . 25 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \divides ( ) . . 78 . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 107 . 106 . . . 75–80 \Diple (>) . . . . . . 65 old-style . ￿ \dashint (− ) . . \diagup (￿) . 106. . . . . . . . . . . 80 \DiamondShadowA ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 18. diacritics . . . 42 . . 92. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \DCc (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \diameter ( ) . . . .\Dfourier ( \dfourier ( \DFT ( . . \DeclareUnicodeCharacter \decofourleft (￿) . . . . . . . \DashV ( ) . . . 24. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 . . . . 65 \diamondsuit (♢) . . . . . \ddddot ( ) . . 55. . . . \dashrightarrow (⇢) . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . 42 \Diamondright (￿) . . .. . . .. . . 65–67. . \dashleftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 76. . . 22 . . \DiamonddotLeft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 . . . . 19 \dental (a) . . . . \DH (Ð) . 78 . \dashedrightarrow (⇢) . . .. . . . . . . see \partial \descnode (￿) . . . . 104 . . . 32 \divides (￿) . . . . . . 25 . 113 ditto marks . . 49 \ding . . . .. 43 . . . . . . 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 accents . 18 \denarius (Ε) . . .. . . . . 66 . . 72 . see \diagdown ( ) . . . . . . \DH (D ￿ ) . . . . 42 . 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 63 \dddtstile ( \ddigamma (￿) \DDohne (D / D) . . . \dashVv ( ) . . . . . . 59 non-commutative . . . . \ddststile ( \ddtstile ( . . . . . . 79 \DiamondShadowB ( ) . . . \dashleftarrow (⇠) . . . . .. . . . 107 dice . . . . . .. . . . 72 . . . 43 . . . . \decoone (￿) . . . . . . . \dddot ( ) . . . . . . . 96. 30 . . . \Diamondblack (￿) . . . . 32 . \Diamonddotleft (￿) . . . 95 . 80 \diamondsuit (♦) . . . . . . . . . . . 18. . 22 \div (÷) . . . . . . . 21. . . . . . 66 .. . . . .. . \ddagger (‡) ￿ . . . . . 42 \Diamondleft (￿) . . . .. 107 . 44 . . . . .. . \DavidStarSolid ( ) . . . . . . . \dashv (￿) . 50 demisemiquaver . \diamond (￿) . . . . . . . . . 120 dingbat symbols . . see \textquotedbl \div (÷) . . \decosix (￿) . . 70 degrees . . . . . . . . . 107 \diaunder . . . . . . . . . 79 \Diamondshape ( ) . . . . . . . . 24. . . . . . . . . . . 66 \diamondtimes (￿) . . . . . . . \Diamonddot (￿) . \diagup (￿) . . . 66 . . . 49 \devadvantage (t) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 93 \diamonddots (￿) . \davidsstar (￿) . . . . . \diameter (￿) . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . . . diæresis (¨ a) . . 78 . 65 LCD . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 80. . . . 23 \divideontimes (￿) . . 95 \Diple* (> · ·) \diple* (> . . . . . . . . . 50 \delta (δ ) . . . 25 \diamondvert (￿) . . 64 \DiamondLeft (￿) . . . . 42 diamonds . . . . . . . . . . 13 10. . . . . . . . 11–14. \Dashv ( ) . . . \diameter (￿) . . . . 35 87 89 57 64 . . . . . . . . 88 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \digamma (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 . . . 21 disjunction . . . 25 \DiamondRight (￿) . 64 ) . . . . . . . . . 43 . . . . .. \diamondbackslash (￿) . . . . \dashedswarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . 80 dingautolist . . . . . . . .. . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 . . . . . . 117 . . . . . 25 .. . 79 \diamondslash (￿) . 72 . inexact . . . . . . . \DCb (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 25 . .. . . . 89 9. . . . . . . . . 79–80 diamonds (suit) . . . . . \diamond (◇) . 65 . . . . . . .. . . 35 111 111 113 113 105 117 . 33 . . . . \dashv (￿) . 22. . .. . .. 95 \diple (>) . . . \dashedsearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \degree (°) . . . . . . . . . . . ) ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 . . . . . . . . . . . \diamonddiamond (￿) . \DCa (￿) . . . 71 \det (det) . . . . \diagup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \DeclareMathOperator . . . . . . .. . . \DeclareMathOperator* . . . 72 . 16 derivitive. . . 78 . . . . .

. . . . 48 . . \doublecup ( ) . . . \doublecurlyvee (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 \dotsm (· · · ) . see \Cap . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111 \dz ( ) . . . . . \downharpooncw (￿) . . . . . . \dschemical (C) . . . . . . . . . 96 . . . 78 \EightStarBold ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . 71 \Ecommerce (￿) . . . . . \downspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 49. . . . . math element of . . . . . . 64 dotted arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 \dnttstile ( ) . . . . . . 78 \EightStarConvex ( ) . . dozenal digits . . . . . . . 109 . . . . . \doublecup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . see \noway does not divide . . . . . . . . . 52 \e ( ) . . 57 double acute (˝ a) . 24 . . . . . . . 96 . . . . . . \downtherefore (∵) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \dotsi (· · ·¯ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \downarrow (↓) . . . . 43 . dsfont (package) . . . . . . . . 96 . . . . . . . . . . . 14 dotless i (ı) math mode . . 71 \earth (♁) . . . . . . . . . 41 . . . . . \doublesqcap (￿) . . . . . . . . .division times . . \downpropto (￿) . . \dsaeronautical (a) \dsagricultural (G) \dsarchitectural (A) \dsbiological (B) . . . . . . . . . . . . see \textdollar dollar sign . \downY (￿) . 48 . . . . 105 \Dohne (/ D) . . . . . . . . . 33 dotless j () text mode .. . . . . . . . . . 13 E e (esvect package option) . . . . . 88 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see accents dot symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \double . . . . . . . . 22 \doublecap . 33 \doteqdot (￿) . . . . . . . . 47 . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 23 . 72. 24 . . . . . 109 . . . . . . . \downdownarrows ( ) . 89 dollar . . . . . . . 13 \DLE (￿) . \downdownarrows (￿) . . . \dscommercial (c) . . . . . . . 63 · ) . . . 25 . 70 electromotive force (E) . . . . . . . . . . . 43 . 23 . . \downupharpoons (￿) . . . . . . . 23 \Doteq . . . . 21. 90 \dot ( ˙ ) . . . . . . . . . 64 \dotsc (. . . . 72 \dlsh ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \downuparrows (￿) . . . . . 30 \doteq (￿) . 46 . . 119 . . . . . . . . . . 35 ) . 23. . . . . . . . . . see \divideontimes divorced . . . . . 96 . . . . . . . . . . . 117 dots (ellipses) . see \$ \Dontwash (Ý) . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 \EightFlowerPetalRemoved ( ) . . . 43 . . 43 . 18 . see \textdivorced \DJ (Ð) . . . . . 65 ε-TEX . . . \downpitchfork (￿) . . . 14 dotless j () math mode . . 33 \doteq (￿) . . . . . . 64 \dotseq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \doublesmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \doublecurlywedge (￿) \doublefrown (￿) . . . . . . 23 \dotplus (￿) . . . . . . \doubletilde (˜ a) . . . . \downmapsto (￿) . . . . . . 33 . \downmodels (￿) . . . \doublecup . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 eighth note see musical symbols \eighthnote (♪) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \dsjuridical (J) . . . . . 19. 33 . . 43 . . . 47 . . \DOWNarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 43 . 22 \dots (. . . . . 33 . . . . . . 23 \dtststile ( \dttstile ( \dtttstile ( ) . . . . . . 35 do not enter . . . . . . . . . \Ds (s s) . . . see \in 132 . ) . . . . . . . . . . 43 . . . . . . \downVdash (￿) . . . . . 35 \dntstile ( ) . . 112 dotted union (∪ . . . . . . . . . . . 48 . . . \downarrow (↓) . . \dsrailways (R) . . \downharpoonleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 35 \dtimes (￿) . . . \downtouparrow ( ) . . . \doublevee (￿) . 41 . . . . . . . 54 \Earth ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 13 electrical symbols . . . \DS (S S) . 65 \dotmedvert (￿) . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 . 64 . \downarrow . . 43 . . 16 \dottedtilde (˜ a \dottimes ( ) . . . . . . . \downModels (￿) . 10 \dlbari ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \downrsquigarrow (￿) . 57 dot accent (a ˙ or . . 23 . . 41. .. . 24 see \Cup . . 63–65. . . \doublepawns (d) . . . . . . . . . . . 54 . . . . . . . . see alphabets. . \doublefrowneq (￿) . . . . . . . . . \downp ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 . . . . . 107 \dotsb (· · · ) . . . . . . 96 \dststile ( \dsttstile ( \dtdtstile ( ) . . . . . \doublewedge (￿) . 35 \dstechnical (T) . . . . . 35 duodecimal (base-12) digits . . . . . \downfree (￿) . . . . . 23 . 119 . 24 . . . 88 \EightStar ( ) . 35 ) . . . . 18 . ) . . . . . 64 \dotsint ( ) . . . . 56. 104 \dotcup (∪ \dotdiv ( ) . 42 . . . . . . . 43 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 . . . . . . . 42 \dndtstile ( ) . . . . . . . . 48 . \dsmathematical (M) \dsmedical (m) . . . . \downuparrows ( ) . . . 33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 ) . 43 . . 33 . . . . 71 \Earth (Ê) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 DVI . . . . . 19 42 89 89 96 96 96 96 96 96 . . . . . . 42 . . . . 30 \doteqdot (￿) . . . \downfootline (￿) . . 107 DotArrow (package) 63. . . . . 46 . . .. . 33 . . \downparenthfill . . \drsh ( ) . . . 54 . . . . . . . \downarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . 64 \dotso (. . \dsdtstile ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 57. . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 \ejective ( ) . . . . . . . .) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 text mode . . 63. . . . 96 \dsststile ( ) . . dozenal (package) . 24 \dtimes (￿) . . 35 \dnststile ( ) . . . . . 9. . . . . . . . 121 ￿ ) \dotarrow ( . . . . . . . \doublecap (￿) . \downvdash (￿) . 78 \EightStarTaper ( ) . . . . . 47 . . 10 \dj (đ) . . . . . . \downharpoonleft ( ) . . . . . see accents \doublebarwedge ( ) . . . . . . \downslice (￿) . . . . . . \doublesmileeq (￿) . . . . 78 \EightFlowerPetal ( ) . . . . . \Downarrow (⇓) . \downfilledspoon (￿) . . . . \dsheraldical (H) . . . \dsmilitary (X) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \doublebarwedge (￿) . 33 . . 9. \downt ( ) . 16 . 18 \EightAsterisk ( ) . . . . . . 23 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 \e (e ) . . . . . . 35 68. . . . . 35 ) . . . \dsliterary (L) . . . . . . . . . . . \downharpoonright ( ) \downharpoonright (￿) \downlsquigarrow (￿) . . 64. . . . . . . . . . \doublecap ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \eighthnote (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \downdownharpoons ( ) Downes. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 \dotplus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Michael J. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \downbracketfill . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. 96 . 24 \dotminus (￿) . . . . . . . ) . . 112 . . . . . . . . . . . \downharpoonccw (￿) . . . see \doteqdot \Doteq (￿) . see \nmid does not exist . . 24 . . . . . . \Downarrow (⇓) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 122 . . . . 57. . . . . .) . . . . . . . 43 . \downupharpoons ( ) . . 65 \dracma (￿) . . . . . . . . . 63 ˙ ) . . . \downdownarrows (￿) . . . . . \doublesqcup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 93 . . . . . . . . see \nexists does not imply .

. . . . 19. . 92 \epsi ( ) . 38 \eqslantless (￿) . . . . . . . . . 52 \exists (∃) . . 18 F f (esvect package option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \Eqqcolon (=::) . . . 74 \feyn{fl} () . . . . . . . . . . . 89 fermions . . . . . . 22 \fatsemi (￿) . . . . 13 engineering symbols . . . . 30 \fallingdotseq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \EURdig (D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 \EURtm (e) . . . . . 98 \enya ( ) . . . 32 \eqbumped ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 119 \eta (η ) . . . . . . . . . 18 euscript (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \Faxmachine (v) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 \EllipseShadow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 13 \ETX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 entails . . . . . 103 \exists ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 74 133 . . . . . . . . . 74 \feyn{glB} () \feyn{glS} () \feyn{glu} () \feyn{gl} () . . . . . see \nleftrightarrow \nequiv. . . . 105 Feynman-diagram symbols . 74 \feyn{fv} () . . . . 74 feyn (package) . . . . 21. . . . 19 euro signs . . . . . . . . 22 \FAX (u) . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \feyn{flS} () . . . 66 \eth ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . see \rightleftharpoons \equiv (≡) . . . . . . . . 73. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 \ending (L) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 es-zet . . . . . . . . 120 \epsdice ( ) . . . . 74 \feyn{f} ( ) . . . . . . . . . 63–65. . . . . . . 107 ellipses (ovals) . . . . . 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \eqcirc (￿) . . 13 \epsilon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \feyn{fs} ( ) . 32 \eqcirc ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 74 \FemaleMale (…) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 \eye ( ) . . . . . 38 \eqslantgtr (￿) . . . . . . . 10. 104 equilibrium . 18 \Euro ( ) . 32 \Eqcolon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \FemaleFemale („) . . . . . . . 98 \fallingdotseq ( ) . . . . . . . . 66 \End ( End ) . . . . . . . . 51 \exists (∃) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96. . . . . . 92 feet . . . . . . . . . 32 \equalscolon (=:) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \eqcolon (−:) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \eqsim (￿) . 28. . . . 13 \esh ( ) . 119. . . 32 \eqslantgtr ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . \feyn{g} ( ) \feyn{hd} ( ) \feyn{hs} ( ) \feyn{hu} ( ) \feyn{h} ( ) \feyn{ms} ( ) \feyn{m} ( ) \feyn{P} ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \vert evil spirits . . . . . . . . 50 \eqbump (￿) . . . . 63. . . see \ss \ESC (￿) . . . . . . 34 \eqcolon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. 108–109 extensible arrows . . . . . . . . . . 120 extraipa (package) . 68. . . 68 Euler Roman . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \exp (exp) . . . . . . . . 119. see \models \Enter ( Enter ) . . . . . . . . . . . 39 \eqsmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \female (♀) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \EURhv (c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \eqslantgtr (￿) . . 19 eurosym (package) . . . . . . . 80 ellipses (dots) . . . . . . . 32 \fallingdotseq (￿) . . . . . . 88. 73 fc (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \eqcirc (￿) . . . . . . . 50 \epsilonup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . see \equiv. . . . . . . . and \threesim \equivclosed (￿) . . . 71. . . . . 72 \Esc ( Esc ) . . . . . 18. . . . 59–61. 9 \esh ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 38 \eqslantless (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 extarrows (package) 62. . . 59–63 extensible symbols. 9. . 13 \ENQ (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \feyn{c} ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 female . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Explosionsafe (`) . . . 119. . . . . . . . . 119 \fcscore ( ) . 72 \eth (ð) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 escapable characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 equivalence . . . . 32 \er ( ) . . . . . . . 18 \EURcr (d) . 119. see \textestimated esvect (package) . 31 \eqsim (￿) . 119 \Estatically (J) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . 80. . see \prime and \textquotesingle \FEMALE (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 fclfont (package) . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \emgma ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 61 faces . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 \equalclosed (￿) . . 120 evaluated at . . . . . . . 74 \feyn{fd} ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . creating 107– 109 extensible tildes . . 65 \emptyset (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 68 \eurologo (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \feyn{a} () . . . . . . . . . . . 16. 48 \Eqqcolon (￿) . . . . . . . 92. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \emptyset (∅) . . . . 32 \equal (j) . . . 80 \EM (￿) . . . . \feyn{gu} ( ) \feyn{gvs} () \feyn{gv} () . . . . 74 \Female (~) . 74 \feyn{g1} () . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \Emailct (z) . . . . . 31 \eqdot (￿) . ￿ \Fermi (a) . . . 72 eufrak (package) . . . . . . . . . . . 61 extension characters . . . . . 61. . . . . 74 \feyn{gd} ( ) . . 13 \eth ( ) . . . . . . . . 51 \Ellipse ( ) . . . . . . . . . 73 \fax (t) . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \equiv (≡) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .\ell (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 esint (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \equalsfill . . . . . . . . . 89 . . . . . . . . . . 90. . . . 74. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 \EyesDollar (¦) . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \FallingEdge ( ) . 49 extpfeil (package) . . . . . . . . 19 \euro . . . . . 70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \fcdice ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Feynman slashed character notation . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 envelopes . . . . 50 \ETB (￿) . . . 59. 34 \eqcolon ( ) . . . 72 epsdice (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 estimated . . 72 \Envelope ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . 80 \EllipseSolid ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \eqqcolon (￿) . . . . . 12. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 exclusive disjunction . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \equalscoloncolon (=::) . 91. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \eqfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \EOT (￿) . . . . . . . 73 \engma ( ) . 72 end of proof . . 22 \fatslash (￿) . . . . . . . . 93 \eng ( ) . . . . . . . ￿ \Ferli (a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \equal (=) . \leftrightarrow. . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 extensible accents . . . . . 39 \eqslantless ( ) . . 108 equidecomposable . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 \Email (k) . . 51 \EUR (e ) . 72. . . . . 34 \eqqcolon (=:) . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 blackboard bold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \Eqcolon (−::) . . . . . . . . . . 74 . . . . . and \oplus exclusive or . . . . . . . . . . 50 \etaup (η) . . . . . . . . . . 74 \feyn{fu} ( ) . . . . 70 \fatbslash (￿) . . . . . . . . .

. 80 florin . 91 \flap ( ) .) . . . 74 \feyn{x} () . . . . . . . . . 53. . . . 58. . . . 30 Helvetica . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 fixmath (package) . . . . . . . 67 \fgecupbar (P) . . . . 79 \FilledSmallSquare ( ) . . see alphabets. . . . . . . . . 47 \fgeupbracket (L) . . . . . 68 Charter . . . . . . . . . . 91 \FilledSectioningDiamond ( ) . . . . 25 \filledmedtriangledown (▼) 25. . . . . . . . . . . 91 finger. 73 fletched arrows . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \FilledSunCloud ( ) . 78 flowers . . . . 25. . . . . . 79 \filledtriangleup (▴) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \fgec (c) . . . . 40 \FilledTriangleRight ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \flapr ( ) . . . 78 \FiveStarOutlineHeavy ( ) 78 \FiveStarShadow ( ) . . 91 \FilledTriangleDown ( ) . . . . 102. . 53 \fgelb (”) . . 119 font encodings . . 53 \fgeF (F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Peter . . . . . . . 90 field ( ) . 78 \FiveStarCenterOpen ( ) . . . . 40 \filledmedtriangleleft (◀) 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 Flynn. . . . . . . 78 \FiveStarConvex ( ) . . . . . 90 \FHBOlogo (F) . . . . . . . . . . 53 \fgecap (S) . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \FF (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 40 \FilledTriangleLeft ( ) . . . . . 40 \filledmedtriangleup (▲) 25. 79 \filledsquarewithdots ( ) 80 \filledstar (★) . . . . 91 font encodings Latin 1 . . . . . . . . . . 8 ASCII . . . . . . 103. . . . . . . . . . . . 115 fontdef. . . . . . . . . . 79 \FilledSmallTriangleDown ( ) . . . . . . . 10. . . . . . . . . 40 \filledmedtriangleright (▶) . . . . . . 52 \Finv (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. . . . . . . . . 78 \FiveStarOpenDotted ( ) . . . 67 \fgecup (N) . . . . . . . . . . 53 \fgeN (”) . . 53 \fgestruckone (1) . . . . . . . . 40 \FilledWeakRainCloud ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . math \file (H) . 53 \fgeleftC (C) . . . . . . . see alphabets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 T1 . . . . . . 79 \filledtriangleright (￿) 25. . . . . . . . . . . \fixedddots ( . 79 \FilledHut ( ) . . . . . . 53 \fgebackslash (K) . . . . 65 \fgestruckzero (0) . . . . . . . 18. . . 53 \fgeoverU (”) . 78 \FiveStarOpenCircled ( ) . . . 14. . . . . . 13 \Flag ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 7-bit . . . . . . . . 65. . . . . . . . . . . 17 T5 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 \fgeU (U) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 \FiveFlowerOpen ( ) . . pointing . . ) . . . . . . . . 79 \filledmedsquare (￿) . . . . . . . 78 \FiveStar ( ) . . . 51. . 107. 79 \FilledSmallTriangleLeft ( ) . . . . 28 \Finv ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \fgebaracute (M) . . . 18. . 93 \FilledBigCircle ( ) . . 91 \filledlargestar (￿) . 75. 92 fish hook . . . . 78 \FiveFlowerPetal ( ) . 47. 66 \Flatsteel (–) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \filledlozenge (￿) . . . . . see \textflorin \floweroneleft (￿) . . . . . . . . 40 \FilledTriangleUp ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 fontenc (package) . see fists finite field ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . .dtx (file) . . . . . 67. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 \fgerightarrow (!) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 TS1 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \FilledBigTriangleUp ( ) . . 73 . 18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \FilledBigTriangleDown ( ) 79 \FilledBigTriangleLeft ( ) 79 \FilledBigTriangleRight ( ) . . . 79 \FilledCircle ( ) . . . . 112 Utopia . . . 67 \fgelangle (h) . . . . 115 OT2 . 53 \fgeinfty (i) . 78 \FiveStarOutline ( ) . 113 \fj ( ) . . . . 8. . 10. . . . math \finpartvoice (a») . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 Zapf Dingbats . . . . . . . . . 79 \FilledSmallTriangleUp ( ) 79 \FilledSnowCloud ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 \fontencoding . . . . . 53 \fgee (e) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 \fgeA (A) . . . . . . . . . 79 \filledtriangleleft (￿) 25. 10. 67 \fgecupacute (R) . . . . . 91 \FilledSquare ( ) . . 53 \fges (s) . . . . . . . . . . 79 \FilledSquareShadowC ( ) . 30 Computer Modern 100. see \strictif fists . 78 \Fixedbearing (%) . 47 \fgerightB (B) . . . 79 \filledsquare (￿) . . . 79 \filledmedlozenge (￿) . . . 25 \FilledDiamondShadowA ( ) 79 \FilledDiamondShadowC ( ) 79 \FilledDiamondshape ( ) . . . 115 T4 . . . 8 LY1 . . . . . . . . . 47. . . . . . . . . . . . 27 ffl \fint ( ) . . . . . 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 114. . . . . . . . . . . . . 78. . . . . . . . . . 16 ˇ (a) . . . . . 115 limiting scope of . . . . . . . . . . . . . \fixedvdots (. . . . . . . 8 fonts Calligra . . 67 \FHBOLOGO (f) . 8 OT1 8. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 \fgef (f) . . . 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 \fgeeszett (ı) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 \finpartvoiceless » ￿ ˚ \fint ( ) . . 14. 119. . . 88 \flat (♭) . 92 \FilledSmallCircle ( ) . . . . . . . . 79 \FilledBigDiamondshape ( ) 79 \FilledBigSquare ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 114. 53 \fgeeta (”) . . 79 \FilledSmallDiamondshape ( ) . 40 \FilledRainCloud ( ) . . 102 Type 1 . . . . . . . . . 120 fge-digits . . . . . . . 78 \FiveStarLines ( ) . . 79 \FilledSmallTriangleRight ( ) . . . . 18 Symbol . . . . . . 8. . 65. . . . 119 document . 104 \Fog ( ) . . . . . 52 \Fire ( ) . . . 8 8-bit . . . . . . 14. . . . . 53 \fgeleftB (D) . 25 \FilledSquareShadowA ( ) . . . . 53 \fgeuparrow (") . . . . . . . . 30 Zapf Chancery . 79 \filledtriangledown (￿) 25. . . . . . . . . . . 13 \flat (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 14. . . . . . . 76 \fivedots (￿) . . . . . . . . . 75 fleurons . . . . . . . . 67 \fgecapbar (Q) . . . . . . . 18 Garamond . . . . . . 67 \fgelb . . . . . . . . 63 . 23. 77 134 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \fgebarcap (O) . . 115 Courier . . . 79 \FilledCloud ( ) . . . . . .\feyn{p} ( ) . . . . . . 67 \fged (p) . . . . . . . . 8. . . 103 Times Roman . . . 78 \FiveStarOpen ( ) . . . 91 \filleddiamond (◆) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. 72 fge (package) . 78 \floweroneright (￿) . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \ggg \gggtr (￿) . 80 \HalfFilledHut ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 40 \geqdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \fullnote (￿) . . . . . . . . . see \leftarrow \gg ( ) . 90 . . . 14 g (esvect package option) . . . 39 10. . . . 50 \Ganz (¯ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \gcd (gcd) . 117 10. . . . . . . . . 39 \gneq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 \gg (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \fullmoon (￿) . . . . \FourClowerSolid ( ) 100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 H \H (˝ a) . . 39 \geqslant (￿) . . 38 \gneqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 39 \geqclosed (￿) . . 13 \glottal ( ) . . . . 100. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17. 90 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gtreqqless (￿) . 90 \glotstop ( ) . . . . . . . 94 Go stones . . \gtrsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 . 30 \frown (￿) . . . . . . . 39 \gtrclosed (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gg (￿) . . . . . . . 38 \gtreqless (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \guilsinglright (›) \gvcropped ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \geqslant (￿) . . . . 72. . . . \HA (A) . . . 57. . . . . . . . . . . . math \HandCuffLeft ( ) . . . . . 78–80. \ForwardToEnd (¸) . . . . . . . . . . . 104. . . . . h (esvect package option) \h (￿) . 103 graphicx (package) . . . . . . . . 72 \FullFHBO (￿) . . . see musical symbols \HalfCircleLeft ( ) . . . . . . . see inequalities greatest lower bound see \sqcap Greek . . 90 \fullmoon ( ) . . . 67 \frown (￿) . 38 \gnsim (￿) . 39 \geqslantdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \halfnote (￿) . . 32 \ggg ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 \Fourier ( ) . . 38 \geq (≥) . . . . . . . . . . see alphabets. .\fontsize . . . . . . 90 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \gimel (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 \Game ( ) . . . \Football (o) . see accents \gravis (a `) . . . . 60. . . 19 \geneurowide (C ) . 18. . . . . . . 103 \grave (`) . . . . . . . \guillemotleft («) . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \geneuro (A C) . 39 \gggtr . . . . 38 \ggg (≫) . . . . . . 38 \gnapprox (￿) . 19 \Greenpoint ( ) . 51. . . . . . . . . . . . 72 \gtr (>) . . . . . 91 \Halb (˘ “ ) . . . . 78 \fourth ( ) . . . . . . . 53. . . . . . . . 91. 38 \geq (≥) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 . . 39 \ggcurly ( ) . . . . 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \frownie (￿) . . . . . . . . . . Enrico . . 90 geometric shapes . . . . 71 \gemini (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gtreqless (￿) . . . . . . \gtrless (≷) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 \gtreqless ( ) . . . . . . 36 Fourier transform (F) . . . . . . . . . . 48 \Frowny (§) . 48 \frowneq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 . 38 \gtrdot (￿) . . . . 51 blackboard bold . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \gtrsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 fractions . . . . 88 \HalfSun ( ) . . . . 74 . . 39 \gtrsim ( ) . . . . . 119 \fourier ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 . . . . \gvertneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gneq (￿) . . . \forall (∀) . . . 94 goban . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 \gtrdot ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see accents \Hail ( ) . 71 \Gemini (â) . 89 Garamond (font) . 38 \gneqq (￿) . . . . . \FourClowerOpen ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 17 greater-than signs . . . . . 50. . . . . . . . 38 \gtreqqless (￿) \gtrless ( ) . . . . . . . 53. 113 polytonic . . . . . . . . 116 10. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 \grimace (￿) . . . . . . . 52 \Gamma (Γ) . . . . . 39 \geqq ( ) . . . . 39 38 38 39 \gtrneqqless (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 36. . . . . 38 \geqq (￿) . . 38 \geqq (￿) . . 38 \gtrapprox (￿) . . . . . 39 Go boards . . . . . . . 90 frowny faces . . . . . 48 \frowneqsmile (￿) . 38 . . . . . . 98 Frege logic symbols 47. . . . . 78 \FourStarOpen ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 \gammaup (γ) . . . . . . . . . \gvertneqq (￿) . 39. . . . . . . . 39 \gtreqqless ( ) . . . . . . 101 \ggg (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 bold . . see \geq \Gemini ( ) . 48 frown symbols . . . . 37. . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 german (keystroke package option) . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 \Gentsroom (x) . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . . . . . . . 91 \FS (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Jeremy . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 \gtrapprox ( ) . . . . . math \FourStar ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \ge . . . . . math Freemason’s cipher . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 \gnsim ( ) . 52 \Game (￿) . . . . . . . \gtrless (￿) . . . . . . . . 39 \gtreqlessslant (￿) . . 50 \gamma (γ ) . . . . . . . . 78. . . . . . . . . . 116 10. . . . 76 \HandCuffLeftUp ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50. . . . 50. . 82 h´ aˇ cek (ˇ a) . . . . . . see alphabets. . . . . . 38 \ggg (≫ vs. . . . 118 . . . 14 61 14 82 \Ha (a) . 70 gluons . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \Goofy . . . . . . . . 80 \HalfCircleRight ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gnsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . 88 G \G ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65. 89 \GaPa (< ) . 91 \halflength ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gnapprox (￿) . . . 98 Gibbons. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 greek (babel package option) 50. . . . . . 39. . . . 39 ghosts . . . . . . . . . \forall (∀) . . . . . . . . . 90. . . . . . . . . . 88 \frownsmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \frownsmileeq (￿) . . 19 \geneuronarrow (B C) . . . . 71 globe . . . . \guillemotright (») \guilsinglleft (‹) . . . . . . 91 Hamiltonian (H) see alphabets. . . . . . . . 88. . . 94 \geq ( ) . 13 \gluon (￿￿￿￿￿￿￿￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 Gregorio. 74 \gnapprox ( ) . . . . 50 upright . . . . . . . . . . 67 fraktur . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 half note . . . 38 \gtrapprox (￿) . . . 57 grave (` a) . . 76. . . 51 \girl ( ) . . . 87 Greek coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \gtrdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 graphics (package) . . . . . . . . \Forward (·) . 90 . fontspec (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 135 . 122 \gimel (‫ )ג‬. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 fourier (package) 19. . 72 \gets . . . . 19 gensymb (package) . . . . . . . 73 . . . . . \Force (l) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ForwardToIndex (¹) \FourAsterisk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 102 . 71 genealogical symbols . . . 91 \GS (￿) . \gvertneqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. 82 see faces . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 82 \Hd (d) . . . . . 72 \Hy (y) . . . 82 \Hibp (ˆ) . . . . . . . . \Hten (2) . 44 . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Horn. 119 \hom (hom) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 69 82 82 82 \HI (I) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 . . . . . . . . .. 1. . . . 64 . 82 \Hquery (?) \HR (R) . . . . . . . . . . . 106. . . . . . . . \HF (F) . . . . . . . . . . . . \hookd ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 . . . \HT (T) . . . . . . 82 \Hq (q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 hands . . . . . 82 \HH . . \Ht (t) . . . 91 \HV (V) . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \Hmillion (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \HX (X) . . . . . 119. \HG (G) . . . . 14 \i (ı) . . . . . . . . . 82 \Htongue (˘) . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \HY (Y) . \hdotdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \Hm (m) . . . 66 . 18 . . . . . . . 26 ￿ \idotsint ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Hf (f) . . . . . . . 120 harpoon (package) . Hilbert space (H) math \hill (a) . . . . \Heart (Œ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ . . . . . . . \hdots (￿) . 82 82 13 82 82 \Hc (c) . \HT (￿) . . . . . 74 . . .... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 . . . . . 74 . . . . . . .. . . . 32 \hausaB ( ) . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . 57 \hateq (￿) . . \HJ (J) . . . . . . 121 harpoons . . 82 . . . . . \Hh (h) . . . . . \Hone (|) . 82 . . . 89. . . . . . 82 see alphabets. . . .\HandCuffRight ( ) . . \hookd ( ) . . . . \hbar (￿) . . . . . . 13 . . . . . 108 \ibar (¯ i ) . Hebrew . 104. . \hfermion ( ) . . . . 49 \Home ( Home ) . . . . . . . . . . . 76 \HandLeftUp ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 82 82 82 106 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . heads . . . . . . 120 . . . . . . . . 74 . . . . . hearts (suit) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 . . . . . 97 \IceMountain ( ) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 \iddots () ￿. . . . . . . \Hexasteel (’) . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 \Hw (w) . . . . . . \hookh ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . 41 . . . . . \Hplural (˙) . . . . . . see \Longleftrightarrow 136 . 46. . 82 \HQ (Q) . . . . 76 \HandPencilLeft ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 82 82 82 82 \Ho (o) . . 43. . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . 82 \HD (D) . . . . . . . . . . discretionary . . . . . . . . 13 \hausab ( ) . . . . . . . . 82 \Hscribe (¯) . . . . . . . . . hieroglf (package) hieroglyphics . . 96 . . . . . . \Hv (v) . 107 \idotsint ( ··· ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \Hslash (/) \hslash (￿) \Hsv (˚) .. \Hplus (+) . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . 76 \HandRight ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Hk (k) √ . . .. . 119. . . . . 47 \hash ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \hfil . . . . 27 \idotsint (￿) . . . .. 72. . . . . . . \HF (F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41. . . . 82. . . \Hg (g) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 77 .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 . . . . . . . . 33 \HCthousand (6) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 . . 76 \HandCuffRightUp ( ) . . 82 Holt. . . . . . . 13 . . . . .. . . . . . . \hookrightarrow (￿→) . . . 95 \Hibl (˝) . 13 . . . . . . 76 \HandRightUp ( ) . . . . . .. . . 78 . 66 I ¨ i . 76 \HandLeft ( ) . . . . . . 82 \Hman (ˇ) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . \Hr (r) . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \Hz (z) . 82 \Hms (´) \HN (N) \Hn (n) \HO (O) . . . . . 66 hash mark . . . . . . . 115 \Homer ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \HS (S) . . . 52. . . . . . . 89 harmony (package) . . 82 \HU (U) . 82 accents . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \hemiobelion (Α) . . . . . . . . . 70 . .. . . . . . . . . . . 121 . . . . . . 23. . . . . . 79 51. . . . . . . . \HBar ( ) . . . . . 82 \hiatus (H ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \hausaD ( ) . . . . . see \hookb ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . see \# \hat (ˆ) . . . . . . . .. . 13 IBM PC . . . . . . . . \hookg ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 . . . 90 \HaPa (< ) . . . . . \He (e) .. \hbipropto (￿) \HC (C) . . \Hvbar (|) \HW (W) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . hook accent (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \heartsuit (♡) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \hv ( ) . . . . . . 82 . . . . . hhcount (package) \Hhundred (3) . . . . . . . . . \hookleftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \HERMAPHRODITE (￿) \Hermaphrodite (}) \hexagon (￿) . . . . . 16 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \hookupminus (￿) . . 82 holtpolt (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 82 82 82 82 \Hs (s) . . . . . . . .... 82 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 . . . \iddots ( . . \HM (M) . . 29 \iff . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \Hb (b) . . 63. . . \Hu (u) . . . . . . 82 . . . \Hdual (¸) . . . \heartsuit (♥) . . . \hookrightarrow (￿) . . 82 \Hibs (¨) . . . . . 13 \hausaK ( ) . Alexander . . . . . . . . 90 65–67. . . . . . . . . . 82 \Hi (i) . . . \hookrevepsilon ( ) . 82 . . 80 . . . . . . . . . . \hookdownminus (⌐) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \Hx (x) . . . . . . \hookleftarrow (←￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 Hungarian umlaut (˝ a) see accents \Hut ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \HZ (Z) . . . 82 \hcrossing (￿) . . . 23 . . . . . . . . Helvetica (font) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \HK (K) . . . . . 13 \HB (B) . . . . . . . . . 82 . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see fists \Handwash (Ü) . . . . . . 82 52 82 82 72 82 82 \Hthousand (4) . . . . . . . \HE (E) . . . . 89 \HH (H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51. . . 68 . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . 119. . . . . . . \Hj (j) . . ) . . . . . . . . . . . \hookheng ( ) . 103 . 13 . . . . Berthold \HP (P) . . . 13 . . . 13 \hausad ( ) . . . 13 \hausak ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \Hp (p) . . 82 \Hibw (˜) . .. . . . . . . 82 hyphen. . . \Hl (l) . . . . . . . 14 \ialign . . . . . \hexstar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 82 92. . . . . 115 Icelandic staves . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97. . . . . . . . 82 \HXthousand (5) . . . . 82 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \hksqrt ( \HL (L) .. 118 \holter ( ) . . . . 47. . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \igosquare ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 . . . . . . Knuth. . . see \dbar \inf (inf) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105–106 integrals (wasysym package option) . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . .ifsym (package) . . 49 . . . . . knight . . . . . . . . . . . 22 intersection . . . 101. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 inverters . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 . . . . . .. . . . iota. . . . . . . .. 57 \impliedby see \Longleftarrow \implies see \Longrightarrow and \vdash impulse train . . 93 \infty ( ) . . . . \inplus (￿) . . . 95 . . 49 infimum . . . . . 87 . . .. 50 50 66 66 137 . . . . . . . . . . 52 \in (∈) . 13 \invh ( ) . . . \l (￿ l) . . . symbols by . . 73 \invdiameter (￿) . . . . . . . \invr ( ) . . . . . . .. 106 \Industry (I) . . . see sha \in ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 72 . . . . . . \kreuz (￿) . . . . . . 31 \Join (￿) . . . krouˇ zek (˚ a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \invf ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 13 inverse limit . . . 91 \Join (￿) . . . . see \second and \textquotedbl \incoh (˚) . . . . . . . 78 Jewish star . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 K \k (a) . . . . . . 72 . 28 \iiint (￿) . 16 \inipartvoiceless (a – ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Keyboard (Ï) . . . . 52 \imath (ı) . . . . . . . . . 103. . . math integrals . \lambdaslash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . keystroke (package) \keystroke ( ) king . . . . . inputenc (package) \Ins ( Ins ) . . . 26 irrational numbers ( ) alphabets. . .. . . . . 72 72. . 51 \in (∈) . . . 79. . . . .. . . 94 \iiiint ( ) . . . . . 71 \Jupiter (Å) . 36 inverted symbols 11–13. . . 13 . . . . . 66 \infty (∞) . . . . . . . . . . . \lambda (λ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 stochastic . . 27 \iiint ( ) . . . . 28 ˜ \iint ( ) . . \labdentalnas ( \labvel . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \IroningI (¯) . . . . \Ladiesroom (y) Lagrangian (L) . . see \oplus see accents . see \bot \independent (⊥ ⊥) . . . . . . . . . . \invbackneg (￿) . . . . . . . 94 \igotriangle ( ) . . . . . 73 13 13 31 66 73 13 13 13 \INVr ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \intercal (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 52 inches . . . . . . . . . see \downarrow junicode (package) . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Integer ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \invglotstop ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .ttf (file) 118 \Jupiter ( ) . . . . . . . . 27 ˇ \iiiint ( ) . . 37–39 inexact differential . math \Lambda (Λ) . . 51 \im (j) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 103 . . . . . . . . \invw ( ) . . 89 . .. . . . 73 13 13 13 50 103 . . . . 90 . 16 . . . . 94 \igonone ( ) . . 57 \Joch ( ) .. \Koppa (￿) . . . \ipercatal (η) . . . . 72 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \infty \Info ( ) . . . . . . 94 \igocross ( ) . . . . . 26. \ipagamma ( ) . . . . . ket . . . . 51. . 117 . . . . . . . 72 . . . . . . 78 \JackStarBold ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 ˝ \iiint ( ) . . . . . . . 8. . . . . . \lambdabar (￿) . . . . . . . . . 91 13 23 66 . . . see \inf and \sqcap infinity (∞) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 ￿ \iiiint ( ) . . . . . . 78 \jmath () . . see \cap \Interval ( ) . . . . . . 17. . . . . . . 88 see \otimes . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \igocross ( ) . . . . 50 . . . . . computer . . 26. 120 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \invscripta ( ) \INVu ( ) . . \invneg (￿) \invneg (￿) . . . . 26 \intercal (￿) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 90 inequalities . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 27 25. . . .. . . . . . \ker (ker) . . . . . . . . 52 \interleave (￿) . . . . . . . . \invamp (￿) . . 89 . . . . . . . . 28 \iiiint (￿) . . . . . . . ￿ \int ( ) . . . . . . . Donald E. . . . 88 \inve (￿) . 28 \iint (￿) . . 66 \inipartvoice (a –ˇ) . . . . 92. . . . . . 106 statistical . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 24 \joinrel . . . \kappaup (κ) . . . . . . ￿ \int ( ) . . . . . . . .. . . . . \invv ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 16 ˚ \injlim (inj lim) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 information symbols . . . . . . . 25–30. . . . . . . . . . 94 . . . . . . . 94 . . . . . . . . . . . . math \Irritant ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . L \L (L ￿) . . . \invscr ( ) . . . . . . . . . \inva ( ) . . 10 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 ￿ \iint ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . 65 \infty (∞) . . . . . 14 . . . . 90 informator symbols . . . 54 . . . . . . 27 \iint ( ) . . . . . Kronecker product Kronecker sum . 9.. . . 50 . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . 90 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \igotriangle ￿￿￿￿( ) . . . . \kappa (κ) . .. \koppa (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 29 ￿ \intclockwise ( ) . . . 77. . . . . 71 \jupiter (￿) . . .. . . . 26 ￿ \iiint ( ) . . . . . . . . . 98 \Info (i) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 igo (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 joint denial . 52 \in (∈) . . . . . 29 \iint (￿￿ ) .. 90 see alphabets. . . . \int ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ \k ( ˛) . . . . . . . . . .. . see . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 91. . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 94. 17 . . . . . .. . . . 13 \INVl ( ) \invlegr ( ) \invm ( ) . . . . 114. 70. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . keyboard symbols keys. . . . . . . . 75 \INVd ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . \IroningII (°) \IroningIII (±) irony mark (? ) . . . . . . . . . . \invy ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . .. see \varprojlim \InversTransformHoriz ( ) 36 \InversTransformVert ( ) . . . 49 . 51. . . . \Kr ( ❧ ) . . . .. . . . . . . 122 . . . . . . . . . 119 \igocircle ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \igosquare ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 26 . . \int (∫) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 independence probabilistic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ismodeledby (=|) . . . . . . . . . upside-down \iotaup (ι) . . . . . 119. . . . 87 . . . . 49 integers ( ) see alphabets. . . 10 ) . . . . . . \Kutline (R) . . . 31 . . 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \JackStar ( ) . 29 \iiint (￿￿￿ ) . . . . . 30 \INTEGER ( ) . . . . ISO character entities isoent (package) . . . 94 \igocircle ( ) . . \iota (ι) . . . . . . . 118 Junicode-Regular. 29 \Im (￿) . . . . 92 103 117 117 J \j () . . . . 94 \igonone ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \kside (O) . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . \leftleftarrows (⇔) . . . . 88 \LEFTcircle (￿) . 58. . . 24 \leftthumbsdown ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 \largetriangleup (￿) . . . . . . 65. . . 13 Latin 1 . . . . 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 \Laserbeam (a) . . . 43 \lcirclearrowup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \largepencil ( \largepentagram (￿) . . . . 43 \lcircleleftint (￿) . . . 18 \lefttherefore (￿) . . 96 \left . 43 \LEFTCIRCLE (￿) . . . 115. \leftharpooncw (↼) . . . . . . . . 46 \leftrightharpoons ( ) . . . . . 44 \leftrsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 \leftY (￿) . . . . . . 1. . 56 \lceil (￿) . 119 table . . . . 44 \leftarrowtriangle (￿) . 8. . . 44 leaf . . 42 \leftrightarrows ( ) . . . . 43 \lcurvearrowsw (￿) . 56. . . 79 \largetriangledown (￿) . . 117–119. . . . . . . 54 ) . . . . . . 33 \leftmodels (￿) . . 36 \laplace ( ) . . 42 \leftrightharpoon ( ) . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . 100. . . . . 113. 55 \Laplace ( ) . . . 75 \leftslice (￿) . . . . . . . . . 103. . . 72 \larrowfill . . . . \lefthand (￿) . . 63. . . 71 \leftmoon (￿) . . 122 . . . . . . . . . . 55 \langlebar (￿) . . . . . . . 29 . . . . 88 \Leftcircle ￿(￿) . . . . . . . . . . 42 \leftrightarrow (↔) . . . . . . 121. . . . . . . 44 \leftrightarroweq (￿) . . 56 LCD digits . 33 \leftvdash (￿ ￿) . . . 78 \leafright (￿) . . . . 40 \largetriangleleft (￿) . . . . \Langle ( ) . . . . . .) . . . . . . . . 88 \leftVdash (￿) . 20. . . . . . . . . . . 36. 115. . . . . . . 54. . . . 14. . . 73. . . . . 79 \largestar (￿) . 116 . . . . . . 43 \lcirclearrowright (￿) . . . . 40 \LArrow ( ← ) . . . . . . \leftharpoonup (￿) . . . 119 \latfric ( ) . . . 55 ￿ ￿ ￿ \lcirclearrowdown (￿) . . 46 \leftrightharpoonsfill . . . . . . . . . . . . Leslie . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 138 . . . . . . . . . 63 \le . . . . 69. . . 33 \leftspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \land . \landupint (￿) . . 64 \leftthreetimes ( ) . . . 49. . . 100. . . 79 \largediamond (￿) . 55 \ldotp (. . . . . . . . 8. 56 . 29 \lcm (lcm) . . . 44 \leftmapsto (￿) . . . . . . . see \textleaf \leafleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 29 . 68 . . . . . . 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 \Leftrightline (￿) . . . . . 44 \leftleftharpoons ( ) . . . . . . 63. . . . . 71 \leftp ( ) . . . \leftleftarrows ( ) . . 118. . 76 \leftthumbsup ( ) . . . . 42 \leftrightarrows (￿) . . 53 \lcurvearrowdown (￿) . . 88 \Leftarrow (⇐) . . 41. . . . . . . . . . 101. . . . . . . . \lAngle (￿￿) . . 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \leftrightline (￿) . . 53 \lbag (￿) . . . 66 \leftthreetimes (￿) . . . . 43 \leftlsquigarrow (￿) . . . . \landdownint ( ) \landdownint # (￿) \landupint ( ) . . . . . . . 42 \Lefttorque (&) . . 44 \leftrightarrowtriangle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \leftharpoonccw (￿) . . \leftfree (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \leftModels (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \Lbag (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 43 \lcurvearrownw (￿) . legal symbols \legm ( ) . . . 42 \leftt ( ) . . . 78. . . 103–109. . . 44 \Leftscissors (S) . . . . . . . 55 ￿ ￿ . . . . 30. 56 \leftfilledspoon (￿) \leftfootline (￿) . . . 41 \leftrightarrow (↔) . . . . . . . 29 \lcirclerightint (￿) . 1. . . % . . . . 33 \Leftrightarrow (⇔) . . . . . . . 79 \largestarofdavid (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 . . . . . . 107. . . 43 ￿ \lcirclearrowleft (￿) . . . . math Laplacian (∆) . 112. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see alphabets. . . . . . \lefthalfcup (￿) . 41 \leftarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 \Leftarrow (⇐) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \largesquare (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 ￿ \leftwave ( ￿ ￿) . . . 54. . . . . . . 116 laundry symbols . . . . . 41. . . . . 40 \largetriangleright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. . . . . . 42 \leftarrow (←) . . . . . . . . . . . . \leftharpoondown ( ) \leftharpoondown (￿) \leftharpoonup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 43 \ldbrack ( ) . . . 68 \Lbrack ( )￿ \lBrack ([[) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 \Leftrightarrow (⇔) . . . . 73 \leftturn (￿) . . 106. . 22 \leftslice (￿) . . . . . . 47 \leftsquigarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . . 8. . 43 \leftrightharpoons (￿) . . . 80 Lefschetz motive (L) . . . . . . . . 79 \largelozenge (￿) . . . 21. . . 62 \leftrightharpoonupdown (￿) . 65. . . . . 53 ￿ ￿ ￿ \lbrace ( ￿) . \langle (￿) . . . . . . . . . 43 \lcurvearrowleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 24. . .\lambdaup (λ) . . . . 31. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 \leftpointright ( ) . . . . . . . . 43 \leftrightharpoondownup (￿) . . . . . . . . . 122 latexsym (package) 22. 43 \lcurvearrowright (￿) . . 41 \leftrightharpoons (￿) . . . . 43 \lcurvearrowse (￿) . . . . . 42 \leftsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . .. . see alphabets. 74 A L TEX . . . . . . . 42 \leftbarharpoon ( ) . . . . . . . see \wedge . . . see \nabla \largecircle (￿) . . 28 . . . 22. 41 \leadsto (￿) . 73. math \Left . . . 19. . . . . . 47 33 33 23 24 76 46 46 43 41 43 41 42 41 \leftleftarrows (￿) . 111. . . 28 . . 33 \leftmoon ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 44 \leftrightarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . 78 leaves . . . . 43 \lcurvearrowup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \leftarrow ( ) . . . 54 \langle (￿) . . . . . . . 36 Laplace transform (L) . . 41 \leftarrow (←) . . \legr ( ) . . . . . . . . 76 \lefttorightarrow ( ) . . . . . . . 100. . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. . . . 70 \lCeil (￿ ￿ ) . 112. . . 19. . . . . . . . Lamport. . . 36. . . . . 18 \leftpitchfork (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 24 9. . . . . . 41 \leftrightarrows (￿) . 78 \leafNE (￿) . . . . . . . 102 \LEFTarrow (￿) . . 100. . . . . . . . . . 88 ￿ \leftevaw ( ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \lcurvearrowne (￿) .) . . . . . . . . 33 \leftrightsquigarrow ( ) 42 \leftrightsquigarrow (￿) 41 \leftrightsquigarrow (￿) . . 22 \leftthreetimes (￿) . . . . . 44 \leftarrowtail (￿) . 63 \ldots (. . . . . . . . . . 76 ￿ ￿ \lceil ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . 114–117. . 76 \leftpropto (∝) . . . . see \leq \leadsto (￿) . . . 75. . . . . . . . . . . . . see \Delta Laplacian (∇2 ) . . . . . \lefthalfcap (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 122 A L TEX 2ε . . . 113 \lcorners ( ) . . . . .

29–30. . . . 49.  . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearACCCLIV (￿) . . \LinearACCCLXXI (￿) . . \lessgtr (≶) . . . . . . . . . . \Letter (B vs. . . . . \LinearACCCXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 39 inequalities . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXLVII (￿) .mf (file) . \LinearACCCLXXXII (￿) . 84 \LinearACCCLXII (￿) . . . . \leqslantdot (￿) . . . 56 . . \LinearACCCXLI (￿) . . . . 49 \lgroup () . . \LinearACCCXL (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \leqslant (￿) . . . 71 Lie derivative (L) see alphabets. . . non-ASCII . . . . . 91 \Lightning (E) . . 39 . . . . . . . . . . . 71 . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . .sty (file) . . . . . 37. 83 \LinearACCCLIX (￿) . \leq ( ) . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXVI (￿) . . . 49 \limsup (lim sup) . . \LinearACCCXXXI (￿) . . 86 linear implication see \multimap linear logic symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXXI (￿) . \LinearACCCLXV (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \LinearACCC (￿) . . . . . 38 . . . 55 . . . . \Leo (ä) . . . . . 111 lightbulb10. . . . . . . .tfm (file) . . 55 \lFloor (￿ ￿ ) . 39 . . 119. 39 . . . . \LinearACCCXLVI (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXVIII (￿) . . 38 . . 18 . . . . . . .\length ( ) . . . . . . 83 \LinearACCCLII (￿) . . . . 84 \LinearACCCLXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXIII (￿) . 52 linearA (package) . . . . . . . . . . . 84 \LinearACCCLXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXLVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \leo (￿) . . \LinearACCCXXIII (￿) . . 44 \lhookrightarrow (￿) . . . 101 . . . . . . 23 \lhd (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . \LinearACCCVII (￿) . . . . . math life-insurance symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 . . . . . . . . . . 21–23. . . . . 112 lightbulb10. . . . . 73 . 73 \lightning (￿) . . \lessdot (￿) . . . . \LinearACCCLXXXVII (￿) . . . . . . . ￿ ￿ \lfloor ( ￿ ￿ ￿) \lg (lg) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \lesseqgtr ( ) . . . . . . . 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 139 . . . . 109–111 lightbulb. . . . . 113 \liminf (lim inf) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 \lightning (￿) . . . . 23 \lhd (￿) . . . . \LinearACCCLXXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . 55 ￿ ￿ \LHD (￿) . . . \LinearACCCXXIV (￿) . . . \LinearACCCLXXXIV (￿) . . \lesssim (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . barred . . . . . \lesseqgtr (￿) . . 39. . . . . . . . 44 \lhooknearrow (￿) . letter-like symbols letters . . . . 82 Linear B . \lessgtr (￿) . 54 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \lessneqqgtr (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \leqslant (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . \LinearACCCXXV (￿) . . . . . \lesssim (￿) . . \LinearACCCXLIII (￿) . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXV (￿) . 111 lightbulb10. . . \leq (≤) . . . . . . 39 . 72 \lfilet ( ) . \LinearACCCXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \Libra (æ) . 42 \lightning (￿ vs. . . 82 \LinearACCCIX (￿) . . \leqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearACCCLV (￿) . . . 71 \libra (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXXVIII (￿) \LinearACCCV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearACCCLVII (￿) . . . . . . 113 limits . . . . . . . . . . . . 51. . . . . . . . . \leqq ( ) . . . . . \lesseqqgtr (￿) \lessgtr ( ) . . . 44 \lhooknwarrow (￿) . . . . 49. . . . . 39 . . . . . . . .￿ ￿. 83 \LinearACCCL (￿) . 10 . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \lightning (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXVII (￿) . . \LinearACCCLXXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \lhookswarrow (￿) . . \LinearACCCXXVII (￿) . . . . \LinearACCCLXXIII (￿) . . . \LinearACCCXX (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCCXVIII (￿) . . . . \LinearACCCVI (￿) . . . . . . . 71 . . \LinearACCCXIX (￿) . . 83 \LinearACCCLVI (￿) . . \LinearACCCXI (￿) . . . . . . 83 \LinearACCCLX (￿) . . . . . . . 39 . 39 38 38 39 \lesseqqgtr (￿) . \LinearACCCVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \LinearACC (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . .2602gf (file) . . \LinearACCCLXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 49. . . . . . . . see \lessapprox ( ) . . . . slashed . . 39. \LinearACCCXLIV (￿) . . . . . 82 \LinearACCCII (￿) . . \LinearACCCXXII (￿) . \leq (≤) . . . . . . . . . . 85. . . . . . \lessapprox (￿) . . 39 . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . 82 \LinearACCCIV (￿) . . . \LinearACCCLXXII (￿) . . . less-than signs . . 38 . . . \LinearACCCXVII (￿) . \LinearACCCXXX (￿) . . .dvi (file) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \LinearACCCI (￿) . . . . . . . \lessclosed (￿) . . . . . 112 lightbulb. . 83 \LinearACCCLVIII (￿) . 36. 121 \LinearAC (￿) . . . . . . . . . 108 \lightbulb ( ) . \LinearACCCXXVIII (￿) . . . 38 . . . . . . . . 85. . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 25. . . . . . . \leqq (￿) . . . . \LinearACCCLXVII (￿) . . . . . . ) \Letter (B) . . . \lesseqgtrslant (￿) \lesseqqgtr ( ) . . . . . . . \lessdot (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXXIII (￿) . . 83 \LinearACCCLIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXXIX (￿) . . 44 \lhooksearrow (￿) . . . . 83 \LinearACCCLI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. . . 40 . . . . variant ￿ Latin ￿ \levaw ( ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXLII (￿) . 39 \lesssim ( ) . . . . . . . . ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXVIII (￿) . . . . . . 51–53 see alphabets . . . 113 \linbfamily . . . \leqclosed (￿) . 82 \LinearACCCIII (￿) . . . . . . . . 92 . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \lfloor (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 86 Linear A . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \lim (lim) . 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . \lesseqgtr (￿) . . . . . . 82. . 109–111 lightbulb10. 39 . . . 104 . . . . . . . .mf (file) . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXIX (￿) . . . \lessapprox (￿) . . . . \LinearACCCXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 \Lightning ( ) . . \LinearACCCXLIX (￿) . . \lessdot ( ) . \Letter ( ) . . . . 40 \lhdbend (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCLXXXIX (￿) . . \leqdot (￿) . . . \LinearACCCXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . 89 \lhookdownarrow (￿) . 56 \LF (￿) . . \LinearACCCX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \less (<) . . . . 112 \Lightning (E vs. . . . . . . . . . . . 39. \LinearACCCXLV (￿) . 44 \lhookleftarrow (￿) . . 54 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lgroup ( ￿ ) . 44 \lhookuparrow (￿) . . . 38 . . 39 . . . . 38 . . . 105 . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXXXV (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXVII (￿) . \LinearACVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXV (￿) . . . \LinearACXIX (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACXL (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACLXI (￿) . \LinearACLXII (￿) . . \LinearACLIX (￿) . . . . \LinearACIII (￿) . \LinearACCIX (￿) . . . . . 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 \LinearACLXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACLIV (￿) . \LinearACLXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXVI (￿) . . \LinearACXCVI (￿) . . \LinearACCCXXXVII (￿) \LinearACCCXXXVIII (￿) \LinearACCI (￿) . . . . \LinearACXI (￿) . . . . \LinearACLXXI (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACXLIII (￿) . . . \LinearACLVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCVIII (￿) . . \LinearACLXXXI (￿) . . \LinearACLXXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXL (￿) . \LinearACCLXX (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXXV (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACLII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 83 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 82 82 82 82 82 84 84 84 84 82 84 84 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 140 . \LinearACVIII (￿) . . . . . \LinearACXCVIII (￿) . . \LinearACCXXVIII (￿) \LinearACCXXX (￿) . \LinearACCXLVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXXXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXXXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLI (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXII (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXVII (￿) . . . . . \LinearACXCIV (￿) . . \LinearACLXIV (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXIX (￿) . \LinearACLXXVIII (￿) . . . \LinearACCXIX (￿) . . \LinearACXCIX (￿) . . . \LinearACCCXXXVI (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCXXXV (￿) . \LinearACCXCIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXI (￿) . \LinearACCLIV (￿) . \LinearACCXXI (￿) . \LinearACCXLIV (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCLVII (￿) . . . \LinearACXCI (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCXCV (￿) . . . \LinearACCLIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXVI (￿) . . \LinearACCXX (￿) . . \LinearACXLIV (￿) . . . . \LinearACCLXXXIII (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCII (￿) . . . \LinearACX (￿) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLVIII (￿) . . . \LinearACCCXXXIX (￿) . \LinearACCXXVII (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACXVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . .\LinearACCCXXXII (￿) . . . \LinearACCXXVI (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCIV (￿) . . . \LinearACXCV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCVI (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCXCIII (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCLXXXVIII (￿) \LinearACCLXXXX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLII (￿) . \LinearACCLXXIX (￿) . \LinearACCXCVI (￿) . . . \LinearACCXCVIII (￿) \LinearACCXI (￿) . . . \LinearACLXVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLVIII (￿) . . \LinearACCIII (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCLXV (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCLI (￿) . . \LinearACII (￿) . . \LinearACLXX (￿) . \LinearACLXXV (￿) . \LinearACLV (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXIII (￿) . \LinearACCLXVII (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXVIII (￿) . \LinearACCXXXVI (￿) . . . . . \LinearACLXXII (￿) . . . . \LinearACCXXXVII (￿) \LinearACCXXXVIII (￿) \LinearACI (￿) . . . . \LinearACCLXXXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXLVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXXII (￿) . . . \LinearACL (￿) . \LinearACCLXXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXXXIV (￿) . . \LinearACXLVIII (￿) . . . . \LinearACXII (￿) . . . . \LinearACXCII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCX (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACLX (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCXCII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXLII (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACXLIX (￿) . . . . . . . . 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 82 82 82 82 83 84 84 84 84 \LinearACCXCIX (￿) . . . \LinearACLXIX (￿) . . . \LinearACCLXVIII (￿) . . \LinearACCXXXI (￿) . . \LinearACLXXXIX (￿) . . . . \LinearACLXXXVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXCVII (￿) . \LinearACCXXXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXXXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXXVIII (￿) \LinearACLXXXX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXCIII (￿) . . . \LinearACLXXX (￿) . \LinearACCXLV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXVII (￿) . . . \LinearACCLXXXV (￿) . \LinearACCLXXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXLVI (￿) . . . . \LinearACXVI (￿) . . \LinearACCXXIV (￿) . . \LinearACCXXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXIV (￿) . \LinearACCLIX (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCXLVIII (￿) . . \LinearACLXVII (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCXLI (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACLVI (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACLIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXX (￿) . . . . . \LinearACXLV (￿) . \LinearACCLXI (￿) . \LinearACXV (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACXLI (￿) . . \LinearACCV (￿) . . . . \LinearACCLVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXIII (￿) . . \LinearACCLXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXCVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXVII (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXXI (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACCXXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXLII (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCXLIII (￿) . . . \LinearACXLVII (￿) . . . . \LinearACCLX (￿) . . \LinearACLXXXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLV (￿) . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXXV (￿) . \LinearACIV (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearACCCXXXIII (￿) . \LinearACLXXXIV (￿) . . . \LinearACCL (￿) . \LinearACCXLIX (￿) . . . . . \LinearACCLXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCXCI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACCLXII (￿) . . . . . \LinearACV (￿) . . \LinearACCLXXXVII (￿) . . \LinearACCLXXXIV (￿) . . . . . \LinearACXX (￿) . . . . . . . . . \LinearACIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACLXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . \LinearALXXIX (￿) . . \LinearACXXII (￿) . 83 \LinearAXXXVI (￿) . . . . . \LinearACXXXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXXXI (￿) . 84 \LinearAV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \neg \lnot (¬) . . 82 \LinearAXCI (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearAL (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearALXI (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearACXXXVI (￿) . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXLI (￿) . . . . \LinearALVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXXXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 \LinearAXI (￿) . . . . . \LinearALIII (￿) . . . . 38 \lnapprox (￿) . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXXXVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \LinearAVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXL (￿) . . 84 \LinearAXCVII (￿) . . . 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALXXXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXXVIII (￿) \LinearACXXX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXLVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXLIII (￿) . . . . . . 39 \lnot . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXXXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 38 \lnsim (￿) . \LinearACXXXVII (￿) . . . see \wedge not . . . . . . . . . . . 84 \LinearAXCII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 84 \LinearAXCIV (￿) . . . 84 \LinearAXCIII (￿) . . . 84 \LinearALXXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121 \Lineload (L) . . . . . . . . . . 96 31 38 37 39 \llangle (￿) . 38 \lneq (￿) . \LinearAIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \lneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXX (￿) . . . 101 . . . . . . . . \LinearACXXIV (￿) . 38 \lneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALVIII (￿) . 93 longdiv (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 \LinearAXCIX (￿) . . . . . 49 \lnapprox ( ) . . . . . . . . . 59 141 . \LinearALI (￿) . . . see \neg and \sim or . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALXIV (￿) . . . . 39 local ring (O) . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXLVIII (￿) . . . 83 \LinearAXXXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 logic gates . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ll (￿) . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXLIX (￿) . . . . . \LinearACXXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \llless . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 84 \LinearAXCVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \longcastling (O-O-O) . . . 83 \LinearAXXII (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearALXVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXXXV (￿) . . . . 82 \LinearAX (￿) . . 84 \LinearAXCVIII (￿) . . . 49. . . . \LinearALVII (￿) . . . . . \LinearALXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 \llcorner (￿) . . . see alphabets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 . . 38 \lneqq ( ) . . . . . . . \LinearALXXII (￿) . \LinearALXXXII (￿) . 83 \LinearAXVIII (￿) . . 83 \LinearAXXX (￿) . . . 83 \LinearAXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXXVIII (￿) . . . . . . \llfloor (￿) . . . \LinearACXXXVIII (￿) \LinearAI (￿) . . . . . . . . . 86. . . . . . . . . 31 lollipop . . . . . 54 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \lmoustache ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49. . . 83 \LinearAXIX (￿) . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXLV (￿) . . . . . . \LinearALXVII (￿) . . . . \LinearALXXVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXXIII (￿) . . . . 83 \LinearAXXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . 53 \lmoustache () . 84 \LinearALXXXX (￿) . . 119. . 83 \LinearAXXXIII (￿) . . . . . \llless (￿) . . . . . 73 logical operators and . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXXXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALXXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \multimap long division . . \LinearALXXXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALIX (￿) . . . . \lll (￿) . . . . . . . . \LinearAIX (￿) . . . . 83 \LinearAXLII (￿) . . . . . \LinearALIV (￿) . . . . . . \lll (≪) . . . 38 \lnapprox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \lnsim (￿) . . . . . . 73 linguistic symbols . . . . . . 82 \LinearAXIII (￿) . . . 53 \llcorner (￿) . . . . . . . . . 84 \LinearALXXXVII (￿) . \LinearALXXVIII (￿) . . \LinearACXXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALXXXIX (￿) . . 83 \LinearAXXVII (￿) . . . . . . ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 \llcurly ( ) . . . \LinearALXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALII (￿) . . . 11–14 \Lisa ( \lJoin (￿) \ll ( ) . . . \LinearALXXXIV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 83 linearb (package) 85. . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXXXVII (￿) . . . . . . . . 57 \llceil (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Lleftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . math \log (log) . . ) . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . . see \vee \logof (￿) . . \LinearACXXXII (￿) . 83 \LinearAXXV (￿) . . . . \LinearAIV (￿) . . . . . . .\LinearACXXI (￿) . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXXXIX (￿) . . 55 \llap . . . . . . . . \llparenthesis  (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \lnsim ( ) . . 53 \llcorner ( ) . . . . . . . . . 38 . . . . 54 \llbracket ( ) . . . . 83 \LinearAXXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXLVI (￿) . . . 83 \LinearAXXIV (￿) . . \LinearACXXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 113 log-like symbols . . . . . \LinearALXXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALXXIV (￿) . . . . \LinearALXX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearACXXXIII (￿) . . 39 \lneq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 82 \LinearAXIV (￿) . . 83 \LinearAXXVI (￿) . . . . . . \LinearALXXIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . 44 . . . . . . \LinearALXXX (￿) . . . . . . . . 39 . . . . . 82 \LinearAXCV (￿) . . . . . \lll (≪ vs. . . . . . . . . 106 \llbracket (￿) . . . . . . . . . \lll ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALXIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . 41 . . . . . . . . . . . . . \LinearALV (￿) . \LinearACXXVII (￿) . . 82 \LinearAVIII (￿) . . 83 \LinearAXXXIV (￿) . . . . . \Lleftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . 39 see \lll . . . . . . . . 55 ￿ ￿ \ln (ln) . 82 \LinearAVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \LinearAII (￿) . . . . . . . . 83 \LinearAXVII (￿) . . . . . . . \ll (￿) . . . . 83 \LinearAXLIV (￿) . . . 82 \LinearAXII (￿) . . \LinearALXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ . . 59 \longa (λ) . . . . . . . 84 \LinearALXXXVIII (￿) . . . . . . . 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 82 82 82 82 82 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 83 84 83 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 84 \LinearALXXXV (￿) . . . . . . . \LinearALXV (￿) . . . . . . . .

. \lvertneqq ( ) \lvertneqq (￿) \lvertneqq ￿ (￿) ￿ \lwave ( ￿ ￿) . 26. . 10 . . . . 71 \MartinVogel (ÿ) . . . . 55 \Marge ( ) . 89 \manimpossiblecube (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 \MALE ( ) . . 90. . . . . 65 mathdesign (package) 18. . 43 \longrightarrow (￿→) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 \mate (m) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66. 96 magical signs . . . . . . . . 74 \maltese (￿) . . . 89. . 13 \M . . . 49. . . . . . . . . . . . 58. . . . . . . . . . . ￿ ￿ \lwavy ( ￿ ￿ ￿) . . see \vee \LowerDiamond ( ) . . . \lrtimes (￿) . . . . . 123 \mathaccent . . . . 89 \manquadrifolium (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 mathcal (euscript package option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107. see \leftrightarrow and \equiv material conditional . . 113 \mathbin . . . . . . . . .. . . \M (´) . . . . .. 43 \Loosebearing ($) . . . . . . 70 \Longrightarrow (=⇒) . . . . . . . . . . . . 101. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .) . . 49 \Mapstochar (￿) . . . ￿ ￿ ￿ \lsemantic ￿ . 68 \mathbbmtt . . . . . . . . see \leftrightarrow and \equiv material implication . . . . 41 . . 42 \Mapsfromchar () . 89 \Mappedfromchar (￿) . . \ltimes (￿) . . . . . . . 30. . . . . see . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \male (♂) . . 67. . . . . . . . . . 21 mathdots (package) . . . . . 73 . . 42 \Longmapsto (￿=⇒) . . . . \ltriple . . . . 105. . 41 \looparrowright (￿) . . . 17 accents \Mapstochar () . . . . 22 . . . 52. . . . 55 \lz ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . 40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 \Longleftarrow (⇐￿) . . . . . . . . 120 \manhpennib (￿) . . . . . 89 \manpenkidney (￿) . . . . 71–75. . . 73. . . . . . . .. . . . . Dan . . . . . 65.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \textlowering \lozenge (♦) . .. . 65. 71 \Mars (Ä) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 material biconditional . . 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Lsh (￿) . . . . . 71. . . . . . . . . . . . . \Lsh ( ) . . . . 53 \lrcorner (￿) . . . . . . . 44 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \looparrowleft (￿) . . 112 \mathbold . . . . . . . . 68 mathabx (package) 21. . . 68 \mathbf . . . . . . . . .. . 52–55. 64. . . . 48 \mappedfromchar (￿) . . . . . . . . 63. . . . . . 89 \mantriangleup (￿) . . 106 . . . . . . . . . . .¯ . . . . . . . . 42. . . . . . 93 \markerb (y) . . . . 68 \mathbbmss . .. . . . 43 \longrightarrow (−→) . . . . 24 . . 89 \manquartercircle (￿) . . . . . . . . . 70 \LongPulseLow ( ) . 96 \markera (x) . . . . . . . 74 male . . . . . . . . . . . 120 \mathds . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 \Longrightarrow (￿⇒) . . . . . . . 41 \looparrowleft (￿) . . . . 89 \manerrarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . see \Join . . . 119. 42 \looparrowleft ( ) . 119. . . 43 \looparrowright ( ) . . . . . . 71 \mars (♂) . . 30. . . . . 43 \longleftarrow (←￿) . . . 55 see \ldbrack . . . . . .. . 18. . . 50 \makeatletter . 24. . 42 \looparrowright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 120. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \mathellipsis (. . . . . . . . . . 41 \mapsto (￿) . . . . . 43. 68 \mathcent (¢) . . . . . . . . . 89 \manrotatedquadrifolium (￿) . . . . 90 marvosym (package) . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \mapsfromchar () . . . .. . 36–38. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 \manfilledquartercircle (￿) 89 manfnt (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 \mantiltpennib (￿) . . . . 79 lowering . . . . 67. see \nrightarrow and \nsupset math alphabets . .. . 107 \makeatother . . . . . 79 \Lparen ( ) . . . ￿ ￿ \lsem ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41 \LongPulseHigh ( ) . . . . . 68 142 . . . . . 60.. 89 \mancube (￿) . . 89 \mantriangleright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 71. . . . . . . .. . . . see \rightarrow and \supset material equivalence . . . . . . . . . . . 21 mathematical symbols . . 89 \manrotatedquartercircle (￿) . . 89 \manstar (￿) . . 48 \Mapsto (￿⇒) . 42 \longmapsto (￿→) . . . . . . . . . . 42 \mapsfrom (←￿) . . . . \lVert (||) .. . \ltimes (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 95 . . . . . . . . . . . 54 . 54 . . . 48 \mapstochar () . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 . . . 74 \Male (|) . . . 38 . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 57 . . . . . . 68 \mathbbm . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Mapsfromchar (￿) . . 38 . . . . 89 \mankidney (￿) . . .￿ ￿. . . . . 23. . . \Lsteel (™) . 95 . . . . . 89 \manconcentriccircles (￿) 89 \manconcentricdiamond (￿) 89 \mancone (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 42 \mapsto (￿→) . 43 \longmapsto (￿−→) . . 43 . 90 \manboldkidney (￿) . 10 . . . . . 89 \manvpennib (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. 10 \maltese (￿) . \ma ¯ (¯ ×) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 . . . . Luecking. 95 . . . . . . .. . . . 112 mathcomp (package) . . 42 . . . . . . . . . 48 \Mapsfrom (⇐￿) . . . . . 104 \mathbb . . . . . . . 81. . . 68 \mathcal . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \mapsfromchar (￿) . . . 73 \lor . . . . . . . . . . . \m . . . 68 \lrcorner ( ) . . . 93 married . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 \mathdollar ($) . . .. . . . . . . . 43 \longleftrightarrow (←→) 41 \Longmapsfrom (⇐=￿) . . . . . 68 mathbbol (package) . . . . . . . . . . see \rightarrow and \supset material nonimplication . 41 \Longleftrightarrow (⇐⇒) 41 \Longleftrightarrow (⇐⇒) 43 \longleftrightarrow (←→) . \lvert (|) . . . . 25. . . . . . . . .. 101 masonic cipher . . . . . . . . . . 53 \lrcorner (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 41 \looparrowdownleft ( ) . . . . 56 . . .. . . . . . . . . \lVert (￿) . . . . . . . . . 56. . . . . . 97 majuscules . 52 \mathchoice . . .. . . . 42 \looparrowdownright ( ) . . . . 89 \mantriangledown (￿) . . . . \Lsh (￿) . . . . \macron (a ¯) macron (¯ a) . . . ￿ ￿ \lWavy ( ￿ ) ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ . . . . . . . 42 \longmapsfrom (←−￿) . . . . . . . . . . 55 \lrJoin . M .. . .. . . . 66 \lozenge (￿) . . . see \textmarried \Mars ( ) . . .. . . . 43 \longleftarrow (←−) . 39 .\Longleftarrow (⇐=) . 89 \manlhpenkidney (￿) . 21–69 \mathfrak . . . . . . \m ( ) . . . . . . 66 man .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93. . . . . 100. . . . . . . . 32. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Maggie ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 73 \MaleMale (ƒ) . . 65. . . . . . . . . . . . \ltimes ( ) . . . . 106 \mathclose .

. . . . . . . . . . \nasymp (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 68 mathrsfs (package) . . 65 \MVFour (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 \min (min) . . . . . . . . see \textperthousand milstd (package) . . . . 30. 98 musical symbols 20. . 31 \multimapinv (￿) . 40 \medtriangleright (▷) . . 65 66 72 73 ) . . . . 60. . . . . . . . . . . 68 \mathnormal .. . . . 18. see alphabets. . . . 95 ˘ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \multimapbothvert (￿) . . . . . . . . . 66. 90 \moverlay . 90 \mp (∓) . 24 \minushookdown (¬) . 71 \merge (￿) . 49. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88–99 “Missing $ inserted” . . . . . . . . 24 \meddiamond (￿) . . . . . . 65 \MVOne (1) . \Natural ( ) . . . . 56 \middle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88. 98 \morepawns (S) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 metre . . . . . . . . . . . . angular . 23–25. . 66 \measuredangle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \mathrel . 65 \MVTwo (2) . . . 31 \multimapdotbothB (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 . . . . . . . 24 \medbullet (￿) . . 40. . . . . 89 \muup (µ) . 119 \mbbx (¯ ) . . . . 25. . . . . 66 \minushookup (￿) . . . . 73 \mod . 68. . . . 51. . 40 \medtriangleup (△) . . . . . . . 24 \mu (µ) . . . . . . . 73 millesimal sign . . . . . . . . \natural (￿) . . . . . . . \measuredangle ( ) . 31 \multimapdotbothA (￿) . . . . . 57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 \medvertdot (￿) . . . . . . . . 25 \medstarofdavid (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 metre (package) . . . . . . 66 micro . . . . . . 112 \mathord . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 Microsoft® Windows® . . . . . . . . 36 \minusdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 143 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 . . . . 112 \mathopen . . . . . . . . . 21 \max (max) . 95 \mho (￿) . 95 ¯ ˘ ˘ ˘ ¯. . . 95 \mbB (¯ ´ ¯ ˘ ˘ \mbb (¯ ¯) . . . . . . . . . . 65. . . . . . . . . . . 79 \medslash (∕) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \dotdiv \moo (￿) . 49 \models (|=) . . . . . . \invamp. . . . 31 \multimap (￿) . 112 \mathpalette . . . . . . 48 \Mmapstochar (￿) . see \in \Mercury ( ) . . . . 49 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . . 67. . 21 \Mmappedfromchar (￿) . . . . . . 73 . see musical symbols minus . . . . . . . . . 54 \midtilde ( ) . 50 \MVAt (@) . . . . . . . . 22 METAFONT . . 107 \MoveUp (º) . . . . . nath (package) . . . . . . . 25. . . . . . . . . see \prime miscellaneous symbols 65–67. . . . . . . 31 \multimapdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80. . . . . . . . 47 \multimapboth (￿) . 65. . . . . . . 31 \multimapdotbothvert (￿) . .¯ . . . . . 91 mouse . 65 \Mb (´ ¯) . . . . . . . 65 \MVRightarrow (:) . . . . . . . . . . . 95. . . . . . and \parr \Mundus (m) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 \medvert (￿) . . . . . . . . . 93 \moreroom (U) . . 22 \mp (∓) . . NAND gates \NANDd ( \NANDl ( \NANDr ( N . . . . . 30. . . . . . . . . . . . see \DH \maya . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \multimapdotinv (￿) . 88 . . . . .\mathit . . . . natural numbers alphabets. . . . . 119 mathscr (euscript package option) . . . 65 \MVFive (5) . . . . . . 66 \measuredangle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. . 90 Museum of Icelandic Sorcery and Witchcraft . . . . . . . . 31 multiple accents per character 107 multiplicative disjunction . . 65 \MVNine (9) . . . 31 \multimapdotbothBvert (￿) . . . . . 71 \Moon (Á) . . 95 ˘ \mb (¯) . . . . . . 25. . . . 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \ComputerMouse \MoveDown (») . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34. . . . . . . . . . . . 65 \MVThree (3) . . . . . 22 \Moon ( ) . . . . . \NAK (￿) . . 43–48. . . . . . . . . . 25. . . . 56. . 24 membership . . . 36 \minuscoloncolon (−::) . . . . . . . . . see \textminus \minus (−) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \mathsection (§) . . . . . 119. . . . . . 24 \medsquare (￿) . . . \natural (￿) . . . . . . . 93 \Mountain ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \MVEight (8) . . . . . . . 104 minutes. 79. . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \multimapdotboth (￿) . . . . . 90 \MVSeven (7) . . . 50 \multimap (￿) . . . . . . . .. . . 65 \MVSix (6) . . 73. . . 40 \medtriangleleft (◁) . . . . 73 . . 68. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \medstar (￿) . . . . . . . 109–112 METAFONTbook symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 \models (￿) . . . . . . . . . 32–34. . . . . . . . . . 23 \medcirc (￿) . . 65 \MVZero (0) . . . . . . 119. . . . . . 71 \mercury (￿) . . . . . . . 69. . . 65. \napprox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. . . . 95 metrical symbols . . 62. 71 \Mercury (Â) . . . . . . . . 33 moduli space . 106 \mathparagraph (¶) . 19. .. . 21 \mathsterling (£) . 53. . 55. . . . . \napproxeq (￿) \napproxeq (￿) \nasymp (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˘ ˘ mbboard (package) . . . 120 \mathunderscore ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 68 \mathop . . . 57. 21. . . . . . . . . 58 \mathrm . . 71 \MoonPha . 68 monus . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 112 \mathpzc . . . . . . . . 66 ( ) . 52 \mathsterling (£) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 MnSymbol (package) . see \textmu \micro (µ) . . . . . . . 89 musixtex (package) . . . . 95 \Mbb (¯ ´ ¯ ˘ ˘) . 48 \mmapstochar (￿) . . 31 \multimapdotbothAvert (￿) . . . . 17. . . . . 112 \mathring (˚) . . . . 66 mechanical scaling . . . . . . 57. . . . . . . . . . 31 . . . . . . . 21 \mathpunct . . . . . . . . . 66. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 \mbox . . 119 . . . . . 25 \medlozenge (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. \NATURAL ( ) . . . . . . 68 \mathscr . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 ) ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see math \NANDu ( ) \napprox ( ) . . . 37. . . . . . . . . . 33 . . 95 \mBb (¯ ´ ¯ ˘ ˘) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \minuso (￿) . math monetary symbols . 65 \nabla (∇) . . . . . . . . . 18 MIL-STD-806 . . . . . . . . . 29. . . . . 103. . . . . . . 48 \mmappedfromchar (￿) . . see \bindnasrepma. . . . . . . 64. . 49 Maxwell-Stefan diffusion coefficient . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. 115 \mid (|) . . . . . 113 minim . . . . . . . . . . 79 \medtriangledown (▽) . . . . . . 52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 mathtools (package) . .. 120 \Mobilefone (H) . . . . . . . 24 \minuscolon (−:) . . . 58–60. . . . . . 48 . . . 23 \medcircle (◯) . . . . . 112 \medbackslash (￿) . . . . . . . . . 109. . . 32 . . . . . . . . . \nabla (∇) . .

\ngeqdot (￿) . . . . \nbacksim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \ncong (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \ndownrsquigarrow (￿) \ndownspoon (￿) . . . . . . \nfrownsmile (￿) . . . . . . 10 . . . . .. . . . . . . . 43 \nemapsto (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 45 45 45 45 47 34 34 46 46 45 45 34 34 47 45 47 45 46 34 34 ) . . . \nexists (￿) . . . . . . . . \nevdash (￿) . . . 42 \Nearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nersquigarrow (￿) . . . . .. . 24 . . . . . . . . . 39. 71 . . \ngeq (￿) . . \ncirclearrowleft (￿) . . . . . . . . 39 . . . . \ndownarrowtail (￿) . . \ncurvearrownwse (￿) . . . 35 \ndtstile ( ) . . . \ndoublefrown (￿) . . . . \ngtr (≯) . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . \ncurvearrowrightleft (￿) \ncurvearrowsenw (￿) . . \nbacksimeq (￿) . . . \ndownpitchfork (￿) . . . . . . . 46 . \ngtrapprox ( ) . . . . . . \ngeqq (￿) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 47 \nefootline (￿) . . 43 \neModels (￿) . . . . . . \ndasharrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 . 38 . \nDownarrow (￿) . . \ndasheddownarrow (￿) . . . \nfallingdotseq (￿) . . . . . . 38 39 38 39 39 46 38 39 39 38 38 39 38 38 40 39 144 \ngtreqless (￿) . 39 \neqslantless ( ) . . 34 \neqfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \nenearrows (￿) . . . . . . . \ngeqslantdot (￿) \ngets (￿) . . . . . . . . . 33 \neqslantgtr ( ) . . . . . . . . . \ndashedleftarrow (￿) . . . . 33 . . . . . \ngeqq ( ) . . . . see \neg and \sim \neharpoonccw (￿) . 33 . . . . 43 . \ngeqslant (￿) . . . . . \ndownlsquigarrow (￿) \ndownmapsto (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 \neg (¬) . . . . . . 38 \neqslantless (￿) . . . . . \neVdash (￿) . \neswbipropto (￿) . . \nBumpeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . \ndashV ( ) . . . . . . 10 . . . .. 33 . 31 . . \ndasheduparrow (￿) . . .. . . . . . \nequivclosed (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \ndashv (￿) . . . . . . 47 \Neptune ( ) . . . \ngeqclosed (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \NG (Ŋ) . . 107 . . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \neqslantgtr (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ndownharpooncw (￿) . . . . . . . . \ndownuparrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nequalclosed (￿) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . \nexists (￿) . . . . . . . 35 \ne . \ndoteq (￿) . . . \ngeqslant (￿) . \nDashv ( ) . . . . . . 46 . . . . . \nfrowneq (￿) . . . . . . 43 . . . . . . . . \ngeq (￿) .navigation symbols . \newtie (a ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ncong (￿) . . . . . . . \ncirclearrowright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \ndiagdown (￿) . . . \nbumpeq (￿) . . . \ndownVdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nbackcong (￿) . . . . . . 46 \neharpooncw (￿) . . 48 . . . . \nfrowneqsmile (￿) . . . . . . . 39 . . . . \ncurvearrowdownup (￿) . . . . . . . . \ndashVv ( ) . 34 \Nearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \neq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nbackapproxeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 71 . . . . . . . . . . . \nbacksimeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ndownfilledspoon (￿) \ndownfootline (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \neq (￿) . . . \newmetrics . . . . . . . . . . 33 \nefree (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nequiv (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \ngeqq (￿) . . . \ncurlyeqprec ( ) . . . . . . . . \nclosedequal (￿) . . . . . \ndownModels (￿) . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \NBSP (￿) . . . \nDoteq (￿) . . . \ng (ŋ) . \nfrownsmileeq (￿) . . . . . \nbumpeq (￿) . . \nequal (≠) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ndashleftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 33 33 33 33 31 33 31 34 34 72 31 34 31 34 34 46 46 34 32 31 34 32 34 32 34 44 46 44 44 44 46 44 44 44 44 46 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 46 46 32 32 32 32 34 32 35 34 34 34 34 34 48 48 48 \ndoublesmileeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ngtr (￿) . . . . . . . 63 . . . . . . \ngg (￿) . \ncurvearrowswne (￿) . . . . \ndashrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \Neutral ({) . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nequiv (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \neswarrow (￿) .. \ncurlyeqsucc (￿) . . . . . 38 . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . \nfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nespoon (￿) . . . . . \neswcrossing (￿) . . . . . . . \nbacksim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \newextarrow . . . . . . \ndashednwarrow (￿) . \nddtstile ( ) . . . . . . . 43 \nepitchfork (￿) . . . . . . 71 \Neptune (È) . . . . . . . 39 \neqsmile (￿) . . . . . \ndiagup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . \nDashV ( ) . . . . \ncurlyeqsucc ( ) . . \ndashv ( ) . \neswline (￿) . . . . 66 negation . . . 42 \nearrow (￿) . . . . \neswarrows (￿) . . . . \neswarrow (￿) . . . . . \ndashedsearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . 43 \nearrowtail (￿) . 47 . . \ngtrdot (￿) . . . 40 . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . \nbackeqsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 . . . . . . . . . 95 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \nemodels (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . \ndststile ( . . . . \ncurvearrowleft (￿) . . 37 \neq (≠) . . . . . . . \ndowndownarrows (￿) . \ngeq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 . . \Neswarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ndashedswarrow (￿) . . . \ncurvearrowupdown (￿) . . . . . . . . 39. . . . \ndoublefrowneq (￿) \ndoublesmile (￿) . . . 41. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . \nbacktriplesim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \neqbump (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ndownharpoonccw (￿) . . . . . . \ngtr ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ndashednearrow (￿) . . . . . . . 48 . . . . . . . . 71 \neptune (￿) . . \neswharpoonsenw (￿) \Neswline (￿) . . . . . \nbackapprox (￿) . . . . . 52 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \neqdot (￿) . 33 \neg (¬) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 . . . \nggg (￿) . .. . . . . . . . . \newmoon (￿) . 46 \nelsquigarrow (￿) . . . \ngtrclosed (￿) . . \nexists ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 . . . . . 43 \nefilledspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . 52 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . \ncurvearrowleftright (￿) \ncurvearrownesw (￿) . . . . . 38 . . 34 \neqcirc (￿) . 35 \ndttstile ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ngg (￿) . . . 106. . \ndownupharpoons (￿) . . . . . . 39 . . \ndownfree (￿) . . . . . . . . . 33 . 107 \nearrow (↗) . . . see \neq \ne (≠) . . \ncong ( ) . . \neswharpoonnwse (￿) \neswharpoons (￿) . . 48 .. . . . 43 \nearrow ( ) . . . . . . . . \ncurlyeqprec (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nBumpeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . \ndownvdash (￿) . . . . \ncurvearrowright (￿) . . . \ncirceq (￿) . . . . . . . . . \ndownarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . \ngtrapprox (￿) . . \ndownmodels (￿) . 48 \neqsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ndivides (￿) . \newmoon ( ) . 74 . . . . . . 43 106. \ndashedrightarrow (￿) . . .

. . 76 \NibSolidRight ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 13 \nitheta ( ) . 45 \nleftarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . . \nnevdash (￿) . \nLleftarrow (￿) . . . . . 13 \niphi ( ) . . . . . . \nleqslant (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwsearrow (￿) . \nlesssim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nleftpitchfork (￿) . 46 \nleftharpooncw (￿) . . \nnefilledspoon (￿) . . . . . \nnwlsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwseharpoonswne (￿) \nNwseline (￿) . . 34 \nleftrightsquigarrow (￿) 46 \nleftrsquigarrow (￿) . . 47 \nleftfootline (￿) . . . . 76 \NibRight ( ) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . \nmid (￿) . . . . . . \nlhookdownarrow (￿) . . . . 45 \nleftarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nless (≮) . \nlessgtr (￿) . . . . . . . . 45 \nleftspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwVdash (￿) . 67. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nleftfree (￿) . . . . 52 \nialpha ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 39 38 39 39 38 38 39 38 38 40 39 \nlesseqgtr (￿) . . . . \nnwarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 41 \nLeftarrow (￿) . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . \nnwfilledspoon (￿) . . . . . . . 45 \nlcurvearrowleft (￿) . . 13 \niiota ( ) . . . . . 13 \nibar . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nhookleftarrow (￿) . 105 \ni (∋) . . . . . . 46 \nLeftarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 \ngtrsim ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 \nlcurvearrowup (￿) . . . . 46 \nhookrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nlesssim ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \niomega ( ) . . . 13 \niepsilon ( ) . . . \nneswarrows (￿) . . . . 41 \nleftarrow (￿) . . . . . 45 \nleftfilledspoon (￿) . . . 38 \nleq (￿) . \nneswharpoonsenw (￿) \nNeswline (￿) . . . . . . . \nlessapprox ( ) \nlessapprox (￿) \nlessclosed (￿) \nlessdot (￿) . . . . . . \nlhookuparrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nll (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 \nleftVdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . \nlhookswarrow (￿) . . . . 121 \nichi ( ) . \nnwspoon (￿) . . \nnemodels (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwfootline (￿) . . . . . . . . . 45 \nlcirclearrowleft (￿) . . . . . . . . 47 \nLeftrightarrow ( ) . . . . . \nlll (￿) . 31 \nisigma ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \nnttstile ( ) . . .. . . . . . . \nnwfree (￿) . . \nleqq (￿) . . . . . . . 34 \nleftrightline (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnearrow (￿) . . . \nnwModels (￿) . 51. . . . . . . 46 \nLeftrightline (￿) . . . . . . \nnwharpoonccw (￿) . . . \nnersquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnearrow (￿) . . . . . . . 38 \ngtrless (￿) . . . \nnefree (￿) . . 42 \nleftrightarrow (￿) . 45 \nlcirclearrowright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nntstile ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . \nnemapsto (￿) . . . . . . . . \nneswharpoonnwse (￿) \nneswharpoons (￿) . . . . . \nmodels (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \nLeftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. . \nlhookrightarrow (￿) \nlhooksearrow (￿) . . . . . \nnwseharpoonnesw (￿) \nnwseharpoons (￿) . 41 \nleftrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . ..\ngtreqlessslant (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwmapsto (￿) . . . . . . . . . 45 \nleftmapsto (￿) . . 46 \nleftrightharpoons (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \NibLeft ( ) . \nnwseline (￿) . . . \nless (￿) . . . . . 45 \nlcirclearrowup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \ownsbar \nibeta ( ) . . . . . . \nmid (￿) . . . . . . 46 \nleftrightharpoonupdown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. . . . 45 \nleftrightharpoondownup (￿) . . . . . . . .. . . . 42 \nLeftrightarrow (￿) . \nnwarrowtail (￿) . . . . \nnearrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \nigamma ( ) . . . . \nleqslantdot (￿) \nless ( ) . . . . . . 45 \nlcurvearrowdown (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . 39 \nlessgtr (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 38 39 38 38 45 45 45 44 44 44 44 44 38 39 44 39 145 \nmapsto (￿) . . 76 \NibSolidLeft ( ) . . . . 13 \nlcirclearrowdown (￿) . \nll (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nlesseqqgtr (￿) . . . 45 \nleadsto (￿) . . . 45 \nleftModels (￿) . . . . . . . 40 \nleqdot (￿) . . . . \nNearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \nneVdash (￿) . 45 \nleftrightarrows (￿) . 76 nicefrac (package) . . . . . . . . \nNwarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 \nlcurvearrowne (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nNwsearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnespoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 \nlcurvearrownw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 \nlcurvearrowse (￿) . . . . . . 76 nibs . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nleq ( ) . \nneharpooncw (￿) . 13 \niv ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 31 34 34 47 35 44 42 44 45 47 34 34 46 46 45 45 34 34 45 47 45 47 45 45 45 46 46 46 34 34 34 34 35 35 35 45 42 45 45 47 34 34 46 46 45 45 33 34 45 47 45 45 45 45 46 46 46 33 33 47 33 . . . . . 45 \nlcurvearrowsw (￿) . 39 \ngtreqqless (￿) . . 13 \niupsilon ( ) . 41 \nLeftrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwrsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . 46 \ni (￿) . . . . 39 \nleqq ( ) . . . 38 \nleqq (￿) . . . . \nndtstile ( ) . . . . . \nnwpitchfork (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nneswarrow (￿) . . . 38 \ngtrsim (￿) . . . \nnenearrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nNeswarrow (￿) . . . . . . 13 \nilambda ( ) . . . . . 39. . . . 45 \nlcurvearrowright (￿) . . . . . . 45 \nleftlsquigarrow (￿) . . . 39 \nlesseqgtrslant (￿) . 45 \nleftrightarrow ( ) . . .. \nnefootline (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwsearrows (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nneharpoonccw (￿) . . . . . . \nneswline (￿) . . . 38 \nhateq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 \nj ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nleftmodels (￿) . . . . . \nmultimap (￿) . . . . 13 \nin (∉) . . . . . \nlhookleftarrow (￿) \nlhooknearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwarrow (￿) . . 13 \niplus (￿) . . . . . .. \nnelsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . \nnwmodels (￿) . . . 42 \nleftarrow (￿) . . . 46 \nleftleftarrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \nleq (￿) . \nnepitchfork (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nlhooknwarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwharpooncw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39 \nleqclosed (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \nnststile ( ) . . . . . . \nneModels (￿) . 39 \ngtrless (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nnwnwarrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nleftvdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nleftharpoonccw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nleqslant (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . \nRightarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 32 31 34 31 32 31 34 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 34 34 46 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 42 41 45 42 41 45 45 47 34 34 46 46 44 46 44 44 34 34 47 44 44 47 46 34 34 34 44 35 44 44 45 47 146 \nsefootline (￿) . . . \nrightarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . \nrightModels (￿) . . . . . . . . 73 \NORu ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \npreccurlyeq (￿) . . \nsqdoublesmileeq (￿) \nsqeqfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . =) . . . \nsqdoublefrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \notin ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrightharpoonccw (￿) . . \nsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nparallelslant (￿) . . . . . . . \nSearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \nperp (￿) . \nrcurvearrownw (￿) . . . . . . \nrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 90 non-commutative division . . . \nsqSubset ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsqfrownsmile (￿) . \npreceqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \notdivides ( ) . . . . . . . \nrightmodels (￿) . . . . . . . . . 31 \nparallel (∦) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrcirclearrowdown (￿) \nrcirclearrowleft (￿) \nrcirclearrowright (￿) \nrcirclearrowup (￿) . . 71 \notsmallin (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nsersquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsimeq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \nrhooknearrow (￿) . 52 \notni (￿) . . . . . . 73 norm . \npreceq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \nsearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . \nsim ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsenwarrows (￿) . . . . . . \nselsquigarrow (￿) . . . . \nprecsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nseModels (￿) . . \nrightvdash (￿) . . \nrhookrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsesearrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \nsimeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . 31 \nprec (￿) . 26 \NoIroning (²) . . \nsqfrowneqsmile (￿) . . . . . . . . \nrightrightarrows (￿) . . . . . . . . \nsqsubseteqq ( ) . . . . \nrhooknwarrow (￿) . . . \nrhookswarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrcurvearrowne (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \nprecapprox ( ) . . . . 90 \novelty (N) . . . . . . \nprecsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 32. . . \nrightspoon (￿) . \nRightarrow (￿) . . . \nSqsubset (￿) . . . . . . . . \nRightarrow (⇏) . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \NoSun ( ) . . . . \nrhookuparrow (￿) . . . . . 31 \nprecapprox (￿) . . . . . \nrcurvearrowse (￿) . . . . . . 90 \NoChemicalCleaning (¨) . . . . \nrightharpooncw (￿) . \nsevdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsqsmilefrown (￿) . . 47 \nplus (￿) . \nsqfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrightleftharpoons (￿) \nrightlsquigarrow (￿) . . . . \nsqsubset (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 no entry . . . see \neg \not . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \notowner and \notni \notperp ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsepitchfork (￿) . . . . . . \nrightfree (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \nparallel (∦) . . . . . . . . . . . \nrightpitchfork (￿) . \nrisingdotseq (￿) . \nsqSupset ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nseharpoonccw (￿) . . . . . . . . . 52 \notowner ( ) . . . \nrcurvearrowup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsqeqsmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsemapsto (￿) . . . . . . . \nrestriction (￿) . . . . . . . 71 \notbot ( ) . \nsespoon (￿) . \nshortmid (￿) . . . 73 \NORd ( ) . \nsqsubset (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \notin (∉) . . . . . . 52 \nottop ( ) . . 52 \notsmallowns (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrightarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . see \noway \NoBleech (Ì) . . . . 32 \notbackslash (− \ ) . . . . . . . \nsenwharpoons (￿) . . . . . . .\nnwvdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsmilefrowneq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nprec (⊀) . . . . . 34 \npitchfork (￿) . \nsmilefrown (￿) . . . . . . . . \nrhooksearrow (￿) . . . . . \nsefilledspoon (￿) \npreceq ( ) . . . . . . \nrelbar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 34 46 46 45 45 34 34 45 46 47 45 45 47 34 34 31 34 31 34 32 31 34 32 31 34 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 48 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 37 . \nrightVdash (￿) . \nsqsmileeqfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrightleftarrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \nsqsupseteq (￿) . . . . . \nsmileeqfrown (￿) . . . . . . \nsqsubseteq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \nrightarrow (￿) . . . . \nrightrsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \npreceq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nRelbar (￿) . \nsqsupseteq (￿) . . . . 63 nonbreaking space . \nsmileeq (￿) . . . . . 52 \notin (￿) . . . . . . 93 \noway (￿) . . . . \nSqsupset (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nrightfilledspoon (￿) \nrightfootline (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \notequiv ( ) . . \nrcurvearrowsw (￿) . \nrightmapsto (￿) . . . see \lVert and \rVert \NORr ( ) . . . . . \nseharpooncw (￿) . . . . . \nrightsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . \nsqsupset (￿) . . 22 \nprec ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsqsupseteq ( ) . . . 52 \notin (￿∈) . . . . . . . . . \nshortparallel (￿) . . . . \nprecsim ( ) . . . 52 \NoTumbler (￿) . . . . . \nrcurvearrowdown (￿) . . . . . . . . \nsqsubseteq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrhookdownarrow (￿) . . . . 72 NOR gates . \nrhookleftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nsdtstile ( ) . . \nrcurvearrowleft (￿) . . 32 \notslash (− / ) . . . . . . \nsqfrowneq (￿) . . . \nsqsmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsqsubseteqq (￿) . . 52 \notowns . . . . . . . . \nseVdash (￿) . . . \nsearrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . \nsqsupset ( ) . . . . \nsqdoublefrowneq (￿) \nsqdoublesmile (￿) . . . . . . . . \nsqsmileeq (￿) . . 105 not equal (= vs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 not . . . . . . . 33 \npreccurlyeq ( ) . \nsefree (￿) . . . \nshortparallel (￿) . \nsemodels (￿) . . . . 31 \npreccurlyeq (￿) . \nsqsupset (￿) . . \nsimeq (￿) . . . . . . . . 73 \NORl ( ) . . 90 nointegrals (wasysym package option) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nprecapprox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \notasymp ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsqsubset ( ) . . . . . . \nRrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . 91 \nowns (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsmile (￿) . . . . . \nsqsubseteq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nshortmid (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nrcurvearrowright (￿) . . . . . .

65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsupseteqq (￿) . . . . . . . \nsucceq ( ) . . . 34 \nupdownline (￿) . . . . . . . . \ntriangleleft ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \nSwarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 20 \NumLock ( Num ) . . . . . . . . 45 \ntwoheaduparrow (￿) . . . . . \nswpitchfork (￿) . . 106 \nwarrow (↖) . . . 35 37 37 37 37 37 37 36 37 37 37 37 32 31 33 32 31 33 32 31 33 32 31 33 31 32 31 33 37 37 37 37 37 37 36 37 37 36 37 45 45 45 47 33 33 46 46 \nststile ( ) . \nsupseteq (￿) . . \nswarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . \nsupset ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \Nwarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsqtriplefrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nswharpoonccw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 77. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . math null set . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nwharpoonccw (￿) . \nsubseteq (￿) . . 45 \nupModels (￿) . . 35 \ntwoheaddownarrow (￿) . . . 45 \nuparrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nsupseteq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nthickapprox (￿) . . . 50 \nvargeq ( ) . . . . 47 \nuprsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . 38 \nvarleq ( ) . . . . . . . . . \ntriangleright (￿) . 35 . \nswharpooncw (￿) . . . . . \nsuccsim (￿) . . . . . . . 45 \nupdownarrow (￿) . . . . . \nsqsupseteqq (￿) . \ntrianglerighteq (￿) . . \nsucc (￿) . . . . . . . . \nswrsquigarrow (￿) \nswspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \nsupseteqq (￿) . . . . . . . . 72 ) . . . 34 \nVvash ( ) . 45 \nu (ν ) . . . . . . 94 numerals Linear B . 31 \nVDash ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 \ntwoheadnearrow (￿) . . . . \nsubseteq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 31 \nVDash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nvDash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . see digits circled . . . . . \nswfree (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nupharpoonccw (￿) . . . . . . . 45 \ntwoheadrightarrow (￿) . \nsubseteq (￿) . . . . . . . . 43 \nwarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nvdash (￿) . . . . . \ntrianglerighteqslant (￿) \ntriplefrown (￿) . 45 \nuparrow (￿) . \nsubset ( ) . . 34 \nupfree (￿) . . . . 43 \nwmapsto (￿) . . . . . 31 \ntwoheadrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsubset (⊄) . . . . . . . . . . \nsucccurlyeq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. . . . . . 85 old style . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .\nsqsupseteqq ( ) . . . . . . \ntriplesmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nwnwarrows (￿) . . \ntrianglelefteq ( ) . . \nsqtriplesmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \nSupset (￿) . . . . . . . . 43 \nwarrowtail (￿) . . \nsupseteq (￿) . . . . . . 34 \nvDash ( ) . . 31 \nvdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nSubset ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 35 147 \nUparrow (￿) . . . . . . . \nsubseteqq (￿) . . . . . . \nSupset (￿) . . \nswfilledspoon (￿) \nswfootline (￿) . . . . . . . 39. . . . . . \nSubset (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nSupset ( ) . 35 ) . . \nSubset (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 \ntwoheadnwarrow (￿) . . . . . 43 \nwfilledspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . math number sign . . . . . . . . . . \nsquigarrowdownup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 39. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsquigarrowupdown (￿) . . . . . 46 \nUpdownline (∦) . . . . . . . . . \nsquigarrownwse (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 number sets see alphabets. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \nwpitchfork (￿) . . . . \nsucceq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 null infinity see alphabets. . \nsucc (￿) . . . . . . . . . 46 \nupharpooncw (￿) . 45 45 34 34 45 46 47 45 47 45 34 34 65 31 46 40 40 39 40 40 39 40 40 40 39 40 40 39 40 40 48 34 48 ) . . . . . . . . \nsubseteqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nupmodels (￿) . . . . . . \nswarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . . . \ntrianglelefteqslant (￿) \ntriangleright ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nswVdash (￿) . . . . . . . \nsuccapprox ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsucc ( ) . . . . . . . 45 \ntwoheadswarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nwmodels (￿) . . . . . \ntriplesim (￿) . . . 45 \nupdownharpoonleftright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 45 \ntwoheadsearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nswswarrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nupvdash (￿) . . . . . . . \ntdtstile ( . . \nsuccsim ( ) . . 38 \nvarparallel (￿) . 45 \nupspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . \ntrianglelefteq (￿) . . \nswneharpoons (￿) . . 47 \nupuparrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \ntrianglelefteq (￿) . \ntriangleleft (￿) . . . . . \nsucceq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nswvdash (￿) . . . . . \ntststile ( \ntttstile ( \nswlsquigarrow (￿) \nswmapsto (￿) . . . . . 50 nuclear power plant . . . . . . . . 47 . . . . . . 31 \nVdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 \nupdownharpoons (￿) . . . . . . 31 \nvDash (￿) . . . \ntriangleleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 37 48 48 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 45 ) . . . . . 34 \nuppitchfork (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \nVdash ( ) . . . . . . . . . 46 \nuplsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . 46 \nupdownharpoonrightleft (￿) . . . . . \nsquigarrowswne (￿) . . \nsquigarrowrightleft (￿) \nsquigarrowsenw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nto (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsuccapprox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 35 \nttstile ( ) . 45 \nupVdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \nvarparallelinv (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. . . 45 \nupmapsto (￿) . . . . . . 47 \nwfootline (￿) . . . \nsuccapprox (￿) . . . . . \nswnearrows (￿) . . . . . . \nsucccurlyeq (￿) . . . . . . . 42 \Nwarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nwfree (￿) . . . . . . . . \ntrianglerighteq (￿) . \nsupseteqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 46 \nwlsquigarrow (￿) . 35 ntheorem (package) . . . . . \nsubseteqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \nsquigarrowleftright (￿) \nsquigarrownesw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \ntwoheadleftarrow (￿) . see \SNPP \NUL (￿) . . . . . . . . \nsststile ( \nsttstile ( ) . 45 \ntwoheadleftarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . 34 \nvdash ( ) . . 46 \nwharpooncw (￿) . . . . \nswmodels (￿) . \ntrianglerighteq ( ) . . . . . . . . . \nsupset (￿) . . . \nsuccsim (￿) . . 45 \nupdownarrows (￿) . . . . 43 \nwModels (￿) . . see \textnumero numbers . 34 \nupfilledspoon (￿) . . . 42 \nwarrow (￿) . \ntriangleright (￿) . . 47 \nupfootline (￿) . . . . \ntriangleeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nsucccurlyeq (￿) . . . . . 34 \nuup (ν) . 45 \nUpdownarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \nswModels (￿) . . . . . . . . \nsucceqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \nVDash (￿) . . . . . . . 32 \nVdash (￿) . . . . . . 41. . .

. . . . . . 10 \o (ø) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 . .. . . \ovee (￿) . . . 13 \opentimes (￿) . . . . . . . . \otimes (⊗) . . . . . . \ostar (￿) . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \otimes ( ) . . . .. . . . . \oslash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 \overgroup ( ) . 27 ı \ointclockwise ( ) . . . . . . . \overleftharpoon (↼ →) . . . . . . . . . . 26. . . . . . . . . . 22 \Obelus ( ) . . . . . . . 117 \oe (œ) . . . . . 30 ￿ \ointctrclockwise ( ) . .. . . . ￿ \oiint ( ) . . . \nwsearrow (￿) . \nwsearrows (￿) . 95 \oo ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. 19 \offinterlineskip . . . . . 31 \openo ( ) . . . . 119 . . . \overleftharpdown (￿) .. . . .. . . . . . . 17. . . ... . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 \oldstylenums . . . . . . . .. . 60 . . . . \nwVdash (￿) . . . . . . . 47 . . . . . . . . 52 . . 21. . 93 \opposition (￿) . . . . 43 . 32 . . 119. . 47 . 43 . . . 25 \obar (￿) . . . . ) . 25 \onlymove (F) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \owns . . .. . . . . . . . . . 21. . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 106 . . . . . . . . . \nwvdash (￿) . 25 \oint (￿) . . . . 25 \ocirc (￿) . . 104 ogonek (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . see \bot \ORu ( ) . . \overrightarrow (− \overrightharp (￿) . . . . 50 \omegaup (ω) . . . . . . . . . 105 \open ( ) . . . . 32 . . math \Octosteel (‘) . . . . . . . 25 \obackslash ( ) . . . . see alphabets. . . . . . . . 25 \odot (⊙) . . . . . . . . . . 107 148 . . 25 \obackslash (￿) . \nwseharpoonnesw (￿) \nwseharpoons (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 \overbracket ” ( ) . . \ovoid ( ) . . . 50 \oast (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \odiv \odot ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \ominus (￿) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \overset . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \overparenthesis ( ) ⇒) . 71 optical scaling . 13 \ooalign . . . . . 18 open unit disk ( ) . \overleftrightarrow (← \overline ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . \ownsbar ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \oslash ( ) . . . . . 104. 16 ohm . . . . . . .. . 47 . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 . . . . . . . .. . . . . 109 . . . . 25 \olessthan (￿) . 73 28 28 27 28 28 30 \OrnamentDiamondSolid ( ) 80 ornaments . . . . . . . ‚ \oiint ( ) . . . .. 109 \overbridge (a) . . . . . . . ￿) . . . . . 30 old-style digits . . . . 25 \ocircle (￿) . . 27 ￿ \ointctrclockwise ( ) . . \overlinesegment (￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \ominus (⊖) . . . . . . 28 \oiintctrclockwise ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Nwsearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . .. 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 \oplus (⊕) . .. . . 25. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 60 60 59 47 47 60 59 59 60 ￿￿￿￿ ￿￿￿￿ ) . . . . 73 \oright ( ) .. . . 22 \obot ( ) . 93 \oo (◦◦) . . . . . . see set operators unary . . . 46 . . . . . . . . . . .. 52 P \P (¶) . . . . . . math \openJoin (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 28 ￿ \ointclockwise ( ) . . . . .. . 22 \Omega (Ω) . . .. . . 24 \OE (Œ) . . \oiiintctrclockwise ( ) . . . \overleftarrow (← ￿ \overleftharp ( ) . . . . see \textohm \ohm (Ω) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \otop ( ) . 103 \oplus (⊕) . . . . 60 ￿￿ 108. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \owedge (￿) .￿ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \otriangle (￿) \otriangleup ( ovals . . . . 13 \openo ( ) . . . ￿. . . . . . . . \nwsearrow (￿) . . 73 orthogonal to . . 109 options . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see package options or . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . \otimes (⊗) . . . . . . . . . 89 \OHORN (Ơ) . . \oiint ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 25 22 25 25 25 22 25 25 40 25 80 22 17 \overbrace ( ) . . . . . . . .. . . \nwsecrossing (￿) . . . . . . . . . \nwseharpoonswne (￿) \Nwseline (￿) . . . . 60 ￿ \overbrace ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 32 ￿ \oiiintclockwise ( )￿ . 28 \oint (￿) . . . . . ￿￿ \overgroup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \owns (∋) . . . .\nwrsquigarrow (￿) . . . \nwspoon (￿) . ￿ \overarc (a ) . . . . \owns (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . see \vee OR gates . . . . . . . . . 108. . . . . . . . . . . . . \nwsebipropto (￿) . 60 \overbrace ( ) . . \overt (￿) . . 22 \odot (⊙) . . . . . . 27 \oint ( ) . . . 25 \octagon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 23 \ocoasterisk ( ) . . . 31 operators binary . \overrightharpdown (￿) ⇀) \overrightharpoon (￿ \overring ( ) . 70 \Ohne ( / a) . . . . . 9. . . . . 95 \Obelus* ( · · ) . 46 . 25 \ORl ( ) . . . . −) . . . . . . . 22 see \ni . . . . 29 \oiintclockwise ( ) ￿. . . . 95 \oblong (￿) . . . . . . 116 \p ( ) . . . . . . . . . 25 \odplus ( ) . . . . . 117 \officialeuro (e) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25 . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \obelus ( ) . . . . . . . 43 . 21 \oplus ( ) . . . 73 \od (a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see accents \ogreaterthan (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 \omega (ω ) . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \ohill (a) . . .. . . . . . . 21 \ocirc ( ) . . . . \Overrightarrow (= overrightarrow (package) →) . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 59. . . . . . . 121 ogonek ( ˛) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 . . \oiint (￿) .. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ˚( ) . . . . . 28 ￿ \ointctrclockwise ( ) . . . . 104 . . . . . . . \oslash (￿) . . . . . . O \O (Ø) . 22–25 logical see logical operators set . . 25 . . . . \nwseline (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 10. . . . . . . . . . 10. . . 46 . . . . . 25 \oasterisk ( ) . . . 52 . . . . . . 28 ￿ \oiiint ( ) . . . . . . . 80 \ORr ( ) . . 78. . . . . . . .. . . \overbrace ( . . . 10 \oiiint ( ) . . . . . . 10 \ohorn (ơ) ￿ . . . . . . . . . . 95 \obelus* ( · · ) . . . . \owns ( ) . 20 \oleft ( ) . . . . . . . 78 octonions ( ) . . . 30 \oiint (￿) . . . 95 \p@ ˙ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \ORd ( ) . . . . 13 \openo (￿) . . . . . . . .. . . see alphabets. .. .. . . . . . 25 \opposbishops (o) . . . 10 o (o) . . . 25 \obslash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 \ominus ( ) . . . . . . 29 \ointclockwise ( ) . . . . . .. 18 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \oc () . . . . . . . . . . 59 \overbracket ( ) . . . .

. 103. . . . . 119. 119. . . 93. . 50–52. . 41. . . . . 120 extarrows . 30. 80. . . . . . 40. . 119. . . . 119. . . . 120 slashed . 28. . . . 121 vietnam . 120 chemarrow . . . 93. . 120 turnstile . 120 marvosym 18. . . 119. 120 combelow . 123 mathbbol . 119. . 119 MnSymbol . 109 simpsons . 120 tipx . .package options a (esvect) . 80. 68. 119 steinmetz . 112 amssymb . . 119. 30. 119. 58. . 70. . . 121 dozenal . . . . 96. 100 ucs . . . . . . . 58. . 27. . . 103. 21. . 30. . 121 overrightarrow . . . . . 58–60. . . . . . 17. 119. . 68. 91. . . 119. . 80. 98. . . . 86. 68. . . 81. . . . 120 universal 75. . . . . . 78. 23–25. . . . . 58. 67. 103. . . . . 57. . . . . . 42. . . . . 31. 52–55. . . 120 harpoon . 119. . . . . . . . . 119 gensymb . . . . . 120 type1cm . . . . . . . . . 58. . . 119. . . 119. . . . . . . . . 107. 119. . . . . 119. . . . 37. . 121 savesym . 94. 21. . . 120 mathrsfs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68. 67. 17. . . 119 dsfont . . . . . . . . . . . 49. . 119. . . 103 harmony . 71–75. . 119. . . . 61 g (esvect) . . 48. . . 36. 17. . 119. . . . . 71. . . . . . 40. . . . . 119 149 . . . . 119 pict2e . . . . . . . . 49. . 113 amsfonts 22. . . 66. 119 feyn . . 119. 119 bbold . . 119. . 67. . . 89. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101. . 120 arev . . . . . . . . . 51. 36–38. 43. . 36. . . . . . . . 120 teubner 19. 120 psnfss . 120 cmll . 68. . 23. . . . . 120 mbboard . . 10. 92. . . . . 62. . 41. . . . . . 119. 57. 95. 119 bm . . . 120 latexsym . . . 119. . 48. . 35. . 30. 92. 118 keystroke . . . . . . . 115. 70 tipa 11. . . . 58. 94. . . 61 crescent (fge) . . 59 accents . 68. . 97. . 21–23. 67. . . . 43–48. 119. . . . 89 nath . . . . . 105 staves . 66. 24. . . . 27. 89. . . . . . . . . 48. . . . . . . . . . 31. . . 121 stmaryrd . . . 119. 79. . . 63. 115 recycle . . . . 26. . . . 120 trfsigns . . . . 67 universa . 119 fc . . 120 bbm . . . . . . 119. 30. 61. 36. . 118 fourier 19. 88. . . . 120 fixmath . 59 protosem . 60. . 22. . 119. . . . . . . . . . 120 skull . . . 8. 120 musixtex . . 26 polutonikogreek (babel) . 26. . 120 centernot . 31. 119. . 119. 100. . 93. . 68 amsmath 8. 60. 120 units . 121 cypriot . 59 cclicenses . 10. 88. . . . . 41. . 120 ascii . . 63. 47. 119. . 52. . . . . 119 mathtools . . . . . 70 pifont . 107. . . . 70 graphics . . . . 14. . 24. 121 hhcount . . . . . 121 manfnt . 66. . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . 8. . 59. 22. . . . . . 119. . 41. 120. . . 61 e (esvect) . . . . . . . . 42. . . 67. . . . . . . . 87 h (esvect) . 61 german (keystroke) . . . . . . . . 119 eufrak . 50. . . . 119. . 120. . 19. . . 120 pmboxdraw . 65. 115 url . . . . . 120 esint . . 120 DotArrow . . . 119. 18. . . . . 119. 34. . 105. 119. . 97. . . 61. . . . . 65. . . . 119 arcs . . 121 amsbsy . 119. 76. 87. 106 ar . . . 65. . . . 64. 9 undertilde . . . . 64. . 103. . 22. 61 b (esvect) . . . . 119 inputenc . . 30. . 70. 119. 62. . . 119. . . . . 120 igo . . . . . . 100. 104. . . . 14 fclfont . . . 120 pigpen . . 118–120 t4phonet . . . . . . 119 colonequals 21. 17. 32. . 82. 100 semtrans . 74. . 90. 119. . . . 36–38. 61 bbgreekl (mathbbol) . . . 54. . . 52. 19. . . . . 36. 103 graphicx . . . 57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101. . . 113 fontenc . 60. 119. . . . . 115. . 68 mathcomp . . . . 119 linearA . . 42. 120 extraipa . . . . 30. . . 105 chancery . . . 17. . . . . 121 ntheorem . . 29. . 64. 47. . 120 holtpolt . . . 70. . . . . . 62. . . . 117. 119. 119. . 12. 120 phonetic . 120 txfonts . 101. . 68. . . 30. . . 72. . . . . . . . . . . 119 skak . 100. 119. 117 isoent . . . . . . 119 china2e 19. 119. . . . . 119. 100. 119 metre . 62. 87. 65. . . 119. . . . 65. 17. . . . 121 braket . . . . . . . . . 117 junicode . . 87. 21. 50. . . . 56. . . . . . . . 65 mathdesign . . 57. . 72 greek (babel) . . . . . . 14. 13. . 115 ushort . . 119 ifsym . 107 dictsym . . 121 dblaccnt . . . 121 linearb . . . . . 119 mathdots . . 70. . . 24. . 96. 16. . . . 36–38. 120 dingbat 76. . . . . . . 92. 85. . 120 fge . 91. 72 sarabian . 119. . 119. 25. . . . . . . 119 rotating . 32–34. . 120 upgreek . . 119 phaistos . . . . . 119. . 98. . 101. . 18–20. . . . . 119. . . . 47. 95. . . . . . 53. 65. 66. . 37. 119. . . . . 120 simplewick . 68 eurosym . 65. 119. 14. . 92. . 119. . . 56. . . . 119 nicefrac . . . . 53. . . 119. . . . . . . . 121 calrsfs . . . . 115 fontspec . . . . . . 65. 121 clock . . 53. . . . . 14. . 68. . . . . . . . 68 cancel . 61. . . 81. . . 119 trsym . . 102. . . . 120 extpfeil . 100. . 104. 67. 86. . 119. . . . . . . . 119 underscore . 119. . . . 49. 123 amstext . . . . 68. 120 babel . . . . . . . . . 118 ulsy . . 68 nointegrals (wasysym) . 14–17. . . . 19. . 52. 119 epsdice . . . . . 61 integrals (wasysym) . . . 120 polynom . . 65 ogonek . 24. . . 48. . . 65. . . 51. 61 f (esvect) . . . . . 119. 50 sans (dsfont) . . 21. 120 textcomp 8. 63. 36. 68 mathscr (euscript) . . 58 d (esvect) . 68 c (esvect) . . . . . . . . 55. 16. . 80. . . 82. . 63. . . 72. 36. . . . 77. . . . 101 mathabx . . . . 79. . 39. . . . 121 hieroglf . 36. . 113. . 51 packages longdiv . . 68 utf8x (inputenc) . 12. 50–52. 47. . . 119. . . . . . . . 119 chemarr . . . . . 120 shuffle . 41. . . . . 90. 67. . . . . 119. . . 119. . 119. 54 calligra . 51. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . 21–23. 9. 99. . . . 73. . . . 41. . 87 bbding 75–78. . . 77 pxfonts . . . 36. . . . 42. 63. . . 100. . . . . 17. . 119. 120 milstd . 119. . . . . . 26 mathcal (euscript) . . . . . . 10. 120 euscript . . 119 timing . 101. 103. . . . . 115. . . . . . . . 40. . . . 119 esvect . . 58. . . 80. 68. 68. . . 75–78. . . 120 upquote . . . . 53. 117 varg (txfonts/pxfonts) . 90. .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \PHbullLeg (b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 . . . . 88 \PhoneHandset ( ) phonetic (package) . . 92 par see \bindnasrepma. 81 \PHplaneTree (i) . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvardrcircleleftint (￿) . . . 76 \PencilRightUp ( ) . . . . . 43 \partialvardlcircleleftint (￿) . 33 \perthousand (‰) . . 81 \PHbow (K) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . 76 pencils . . . . . . . . . 72 phaistos (package) . . . . . 81 \PHstrainer (q) \PHtattooedHead (C) . . . . . 70 \Pfund (£) . . . . . . 118 \Peace ( ) . 81. . . . 56 \parallel (∥) . 92 \PaperPortrait ( ) . . . . . . \PHoxBack (n) . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \partialvardint (￿) . . . . . 67 \partialvartrcirclerightint (￿) . . 81 \PHsaw (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13. . . . . . . . . . . Scott . . . . 101. . . . . . 10. . . 67 \partialvardlanddownint (￿) 67 \partialvardlandupint (￿) 67 \partialvardlcircleleftint (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvartrcircleleftint (￿) . . . . . . 81 . . . . . . . . . . . 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \partialvartlcirclerightint (￿) . . . . . . . . . 81 . . . . . . . . . 59. . . . . . . . . . \photon (￿￿￿￿) . . . . . . . . 81 \PHsling (V) . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvartstrokedint (￿) 67 \partialvartsumint (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvardoiint (￿) . . 118 \PaperLandscape ( ) . . . . . 81 \phase ( ) . . . . . . 76 \PencilLeftDown ( ) . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103. . 107. . . . . . . . . . . . 120 Phaistos disk . . . 120 xfrac . . . . 43 \partialvardrcircleleftint (￿) . . 81 \PHrosette (l) . . . . . . . . . 23. . . . . . 94 A pdfL TEX . . . . 64–66. 81 \PHcaptive (D) . . . . . . . . 81 \PHpedestrian (A) . . . . . . . . . . 120 wsuipa 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \PHhide (a) .vntex . . . . . . . . . . . 41. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119 phonetic symbols . . 81 . . . . 76 \PencilRightDown ( ) . . . . . . . 81 \PHflute (o) \PHeagle (e) . . 24 \partial ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \PgDown ( Page ↓ ) . . 73. . . see \textperthousand \partvoice (a –ˇ») . . . . . 22. 61. . . . . . . 120 yhmath 58. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \PHgrater (p) \PHhelmet (G) . . . 16. . . . . . . 70. . . . . . . . 81 \PHmattock (O) . . 68. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 parts per thousand . . . . . . 81 \PHgaunlet (H) . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \PHshield (L) . . . 81 \PHchild (E) . . . . . . . . 53 \partialslash ( ) . . . 107. . . . 81 \PHram (d) . 81 150 . . . . . . . 70 . . . . . . . . . . . 93 pawn . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvardlcirclerightint (￿) . photons . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 particle-physics symbols . 119. . . . 76 \PencilRight ( ) . . . . . . . . 81 \PHpapyrus (k) . . . . . . . . 71. . . . . . . . 101. . . . . 77. . . . . 81 \PHclub (M) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 \PencilLeft ( ) . . . 106 \perp (⊥) . . . . . . . . . . see faces percent sign . . . . 30. \invamp. . . . . 81 \PHplumedHead (B) . . . . 64. . . . 80 \phone (￿) . . . . . . . . . \phi (φ) . . . . . . . . . . . . see \P \parallel (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 88. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 . . . . . . 52 \partial (∂ ) . . . . 20 \Perp (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \ParallelPort (Ñ) . . . . . . . . 81 \PHcarpentryPlane (S) . . . . . . . . 51 \partial (∂) . 81 \Phone ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \PHdove (f) . . . . . . . . . . . . 31. . . . . . . . 69. . . . 43 \partialvardrcirclerightint (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvartoint (￿) . . . . 1. . . . 36 \parr (`) . . . . 43 \partialvartrcircleleftint (￿) . . . . . . . . 43 \partialvardlcirclerightint (￿) . . 67 \partialvardstrokedint (￿) 67 \partialvardsumint (￿) . . . 31 \perp (⊥) . . 11–14 . 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 phasor . . . 30. 78 \pentagram (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \PHcolumn (W) . . . . 95 people . 44 \partialvartrcirclerightint (￿) . . . . . 81 \PHdolium (T) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvartoiint (￿) . 67 \partialvardoint (￿) . . 81 \PHship (Y) . . 103. 67 \partialvartlcirclerightint (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . 81 . . . . . . . . . 30. 18. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108. 74 \PHboomerang (R) . . . \phiup (φ) \PHlily (m) . see \% \permil (￿) . . . . . 81 \PHhorn (Z) \Phi (Φ) . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvartint (￿) . . . 76 \PencilLeftUp ( ) . 16 ˚ \passedpawn (r) . . . . . 16. . 81 \PHmanacles (N) . . . . . . . . 25 \pentam (λθλθλ||λββλββλ) . . 14 wasysym . . . . . 76 \pentagon (￿) . 81 \PHcat (c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . and \parr paragraph mark . . . . . . . . . 16 \partvoiceless (a – ») . . 70 \PHbee (h) \PHbeehive (X) . 119 Pakin. . . . . 78. . 81 \PHcomb (U) . . . . . . . . 72 \PgUp ( Page ↑ ) . . . . 72 \parallelslant (￿) . . 43 \partialvartlcircleleftint (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvardrcirclerightint (￿) . . . 81 \PHsmallAxe (r) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. . . . . . . . . 81 pharmaceutical prescription see \textrecipe \PHarrow (J) . . . . . . . . . 67 \partialvartlanddownint (￿) 67 \partialvartlandupint (￿) 67 \partialvartlcircleleftint (￿) . . . . . . . 81 50 50 50 \PHlid (Q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36–38. . . . . . . 67 yfonts . . . . . . .

95 ˙˙) . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 ˙ \Pr (Pr) ˙ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \precapprox (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont O} (O) . . . . . . . . . . . 77 \PlusThinCenterOpen ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \propto ( ) . . 59 polynomial division . . . . . . . 81 \PHwoman (F) . 98 {\pigpenfont T} (T) . . . 95 ˙ ) . . . . . . . 71 \pm (±) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 69. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 65. . . . 98 {\pigpenfont P} (P) . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont A} (A) . . . 70 pifont (package) . . . . . . . . . 41. . 32 \precnsim (￿) . 104 \Plus ( ) . . . . . . . . 33 proto-Semitic symbols . . . . . 30 \preceq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 77 \Pu (‰ ) . . 120 pigpen (package) . . . . . . . . 32 \precnapprox (￿) . . . . 81 \PHvine (j) . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont B} (B) . . 95 ˙ \Ppppp (˙) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . see fists probabilistic ￿ independence . . . . . . . . . . \qside (M) . 49 \prec (≺) . . . . . . . . 120 \ProvidesPackage . . . . . . . 119. 80 planets . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont Q} (Q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont U} (U) . . see \P pipe . 98 {\pigpenfont J} (J) . . . . . . . . 98 pilcrow . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \propto (∝) . . . . . 95 pseudographics . . . 42. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \Plane ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 \pwedge ( ) . . . . . 113 pmboxdraw (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21–23. . . . . . . . 31 \precnsim ( ) . 95 \Ppp (¯ ˙ ˙ \ppp (˙˙ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 66 Pitman’s base-12 symbols . . . . 71 playing cards . . . . . . . . . . 10. . 47. . . . 30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 \Pound ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \propto (∝) . . . . . . . . . 120 pigpen cipher . . . . 79 polynom (package) . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont L} (L) . . see \textrecipe present-value symbols . . . . . . . 50 psnfss (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 punctuation . 52 \Pp (˙) . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont N} (N) . . . . . . . . . . 76. . 50 \Postbox ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \pointer (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 pullback diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80. . . . . . 31 \precnapprox ( ) . . 31. 78. . . . 97. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \preccurlyeq (￿) . . . . 115. . . . . . 73 pict2e (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \polter ( ) . . . 119. . 59 polytonic Greek . . . . . . . . . . . . . . math \powerset (￿) . . 95 \ppm (˙ ) . . . . . 33 prescription . . . . . . 24 plus-or-minus sign . see alphabets. . . .E. . . 24 \pm ( ) . . . . . 76 plusses . . . . . . 49 \pod . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont F} (F) . . . . 97 \Psi (Ψ) . 81 \PHwavyBand (s) . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. 25 \prod (∏) . . . 88 pointing finger . . . . . 32 \preceq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont K} (K) . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont M} (M) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. 98 {\pigpenfont S} (S) . . . . 119 \PrtSc ( PrtSc ) . . . . . . . \qoppa (￿) . . . . . 66 \Printer (Ò) . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont Z} (Z) . 30 \precsim (￿) . . . . . . . 65 \piup (π) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75. . . . . . 98 PostScript . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 printer’s fist . . . 81 physical symbols . . . . . . . . . 47 pitchfork symbols . . 100. . . 98 {\pigpenfont V} (V) . . . . . . . . . see card suits Plimsoll line . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34 \precsim ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36–38. . . 31 \precnapprox (￿) . see alphabets. . . . 65 proper subset/superset . . 95 ˙ \ppppp (˙˙ ) . . . . . . . 95 ˙ \pmb ¯. . . . . . . . . . . . . . see phonetic symbols proof. . . . . . . . . 66. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . math \projlim (proj lim) . . . 50 \pi (π) . . . . . . . . . . 116 power set . . . . . . . . . . . . . see fists \Pointinghand (Z) . . . . . . 90 \polishhook ( ) . . see \subsetneq/\supsetneq proper vertices . . . . 106 \prod ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont R} (R) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont I} (I) . 76 \plus (+) . . . . . . 71 \pisces (￿) . . . . . . . . 50 polygons . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 103. . . . . 30 \pitchfork (￿) . . . . . . . . . end of . . 19 \pounds (£) . . . . . . 33 \precdot ( ) . . . . . 65 \prime (′) . . . . . . . . 29 projective space ( ) . . . . . 75–78. . . . . 95 \Pppp (˙ ˙ ˙ \pppp ( ˙ ) . . . . . . . . . . . 50 \psi (ψ ) . .. . . . . . . 106 pulse diagram symbols . .\PHtiara (I) . . . . . . . . . . 31 \precnsim (￿) . . . . . . 70 \Pi (Π) . . 72 \ps ( ) . 63 polutonikogreek (babel package option) . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \pitchfork (￿) . . . . 71 \Pluto (É) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 \Pxp (˙) . . . . . . . . . 27. . . . . . 50 \planck (¯ h) . . . 71 \pluto (￿) . . . 48. . . . 81 protosem (package) 81. . . . . \Quadrad (]]) Q . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont D} (D) . . . 22 \pm (±) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \preccurlyeq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont X} (X) . . . . . . . . . . . .D. . . . 103. . . . . . 81 \PHtunny (g) . . . . . . . . . . 49 pronunciation symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont E} (E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont H} (H) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont W} (W) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50 \psiup (ψ) . . . . 95 ˙ Q. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont C} (C) . . . . . . 10 pushout diagrams . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98. . . 50–52. . . 32 \preccurlyeq (￿) . . . . 76 \pluscirc ( ) . . . . . . . 34 \precneq ( ) . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont G} (G) . 95 \pp (˙˙ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 \pmod . 51. 108 \prime (￿) . . . . . . . . . see \textpipe \Pisces (ë) . . . . . . . 50 \pi (π ) . . . . . . . . 71 \Pisymbol . . . . . . 68. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 76 \Pluto ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . . 98 {\pigpenfont Y} (Y) . 23 \PlusOutline ( ) . . . . . . . . . 70 \PulseLow ( ) . . . . 103 \pitchfork ( ) . . . . . see \pm \PlusCenterOpen ( ) . . . . . . . . 70 \PulseHigh ( ) . 65 87 93 57 151 . . . 112 PostScript fonts . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \preceqq (￿) . . 32 \precapprox (￿) . . . . . . 30 \prec (￿) . . 95 \pxp (˙˙ ) . . . . . . 51 \Pickup (A) . . . . . 32 \precapprox ( ) . . 75. . . . . . . 32 \precsim (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 32 \precneqq (￿) . . . 13 pxfonts (package) . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . 88 quaternions ( ) see alphabets. . . . . . . . . . 42 \restriction (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 55 68 56 16 56 54 55 44 44 44 44 29 29 53 44 44 44 \recycle ( ) . . . . . . . 88 \RIGHTcircle (￿) . . . . . . 94 \quotedblbase („ ) . . . . . . . 80 \RectangleBold ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 73 recycle (package) . . . 103 \Relbar (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \rAngle (￿￿) . . . . 80 \RectangleThin ( ) . . . 95 \Radiation ( ) . . . . . . 88 \RightDiamond ￿ ( ) . . . . . 119 \reversedvideodbend (￿) \revglotstop ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 40 \rho (ρ) . . . . . . . 43 \rightarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 \respondens ( ∼) . . 103 . . . . . . . .. 95 \r (˚ a) . . . . . . . .. . 56 \revD ( ) . . 55 \ranglebar (￿) . . . 41 \Rightarrow (⇒) . . . . . 48. 103 \relbar (￿) . \rcirclerightint (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 107 . . . . . . 42 \rightarrow (→) . . . . \rbag (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \Rewind (¶) . .. . rational numbers ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . ￿ ￿ \rceil ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . 99 recycling symbols . 13 . . . . . . 10. . . . . . 57 \quadras ([[) . . . \revepsilon ( ) . . . \righthalfcap (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightharpoonup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightharpoondown ( ) \rightharpoondown (￿) \rightharpoonup ( ) . . \rceil (￿) . . . . . . . \RewindToStart (µ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31–33 triangle . . . . . . . . . 50 \right . . . . 23 \rhd (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 47. 80 rectangles . . . . . . . . 55 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿  \rgroup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 10.. \rc (a) . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \Real ( ) . 44 \rcurvearrowsw (￿) . . . . . . . \rightleftarrows ( ) \rightleftarrows (￿) \rightleftarrows (⇄) \rightleftharpoon ( ) . . . . . . 100 \restriction . . . . . . . . . . . \rcircleleftint (￿) . . . . . . . \RATIONAL ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 \Relbar (=) . \rcirclearrowup (￿) . . . 53 . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 13. . . . . . . . . 79 ￿ \rightevaw ( ￿ ￿) . . . . . 44 \rhookleftarrow (￿) . 91 \RainCloud ( ) . . 72 return . . . . 73 \Rectsteel (”) . . 43 \rhoup (ρ) . . . . . . . . . 42 \rightbarharpoon ( ) . . . \righthalfcup (￿) . math recipe . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 \RArrow ( → ) . . . 55 \Re (￿) . . . . . 21. . . . . 44 \rcurvearrowright (￿) . . . . . . . \rcirclearrowright (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \upharpoonright \restriction ( ) . see \textraising \RaisingEdge ( ) . . 14 \r (∼) . 41 \rightarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . \rightharpoonccw (⇀) \rightharpooncw (￿) . 67 \RIGHTarrow (￿) . . . \rcurvearrowleft (￿) . . . . . . 13 . . . A .. . . . 118 \restoresymbol . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 54 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rgroup ( ￿ ) . ) . . . . 98 \resizebox . . \textbackslash reversed symbols . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 22. . . . . . . . . 44 \rhookswarrow (￿) . . .. . . . . . . . math rationalized Planck constant \hbar \Rbag (￿) . . . . . . 56 \rightfilledspoon (￿) \rightfootline (￿) . .. . . 43 \rightarrowtriangle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 48. . . . 41 \rightarrow (→) . . . 53 . . . . . . 44 \rcurvearrowse (￿) . . . . . . . \rcorners ( ) . 56 \rangle (￿) . see \sqrt and \surd \Radioactivity (j) . . . . . . . . . . \rcurvearrowne (￿) . . 88 \Rightcircle (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . 43 \rhookuparrow (￿) . . alphabets. . 99. \revddots ( . .. 100 \Respondens ( ∼) . . . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . .. . . \rcurvearrowdown (￿) . 55 ￿ ￿ \RHD (￿) . . . . . . . . . 44 \rhooknwarrow (￿) . 44 \rhooksearrow (￿) . . . \RewindToIndex (´) . . . . . . \rCeil (￿ ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 117 R \R (∼) . . . . .. 103 152 . . . . 99 reduced quadrupole moment see \rqm \reflectbox . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . reverse solidus . . . . 57 \Quadras ([[) . . . ￿ ￿. . 44 \rdbrack ( ) . . . . 91 raising . .. . . . 103 registered trademark . 48 negated binary . . . . . . .\quadrad (]]) . . . 33 \Request ( ) . . . 88 \Rightarrow (⇒) . . . . . . 56 \rfloor (￿) .. . . . . . . . . see \textregistered relational symbols . . . . . . . . . . \reveject ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \rhookdownarrow (￿) . .. . . . . \rightfree (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \REAL ( ) . . 21. . 50 \rho (ρ ) . 44 \rhookrightarrow (￿) . . . . 54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 retracting see \textretracting \Return ( ←￿ ) . . . . . 55 \rFloor (￿ ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . \reve ( ) . . . 47 33 33 24 24 76 46 46 43 41 43 41 42 41 43 43 72 62 36 49 49 see see . . see \textrecipe \recorder (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \Rectangle ( ) . . . . . . 39. . . . . 70 \Rangle ( ) . . . . . . . . 95 response ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 13 90 90 90 \rfilet ( ) . . . . . . 33 \relbar (−) . . . 98. . . . . . . . . 74 \Rain ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \Rbrack ( )￿ \rBrack (]]) . . . . \rcurvearrownw (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 34–39. ￿ \rcirclearrowleft (￿) . 54 ￿ ￿ ￿ \rfloor ( ) . . . . 88 \quarternote (♩) . . . . . 54 \rangle (￿) . see musical symbols queen . . . . . . . 30 binary 30–32. . . . . . . see . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \rhd (￿) . . . . . . .. . . 49 real numbers ( ) see alphabets. 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 radicals . . . . . . 100. . . . . . . 43 \RIGHTCIRCLE (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ ￿ ￿ \rcirclearrowdown (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . .￿. see carriage return ￿ \revaw ( ￿ ￿) . 102 \rightangle (∟) . . . . . 80 \Rectpipe (˜) . . . . . math quaver . . \Rational ( ) . 56. . . . . 117 \quotesinglbase (‚ ) . .. \righthand (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \rhooknearrow (￿) . . . . \ratio (:) . ￿ ￿ ￿ \rbrace ( ￿) . 44 \rcurvearrowup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rarrowfill . . . . . . 43 \rightarrow ( ) . . . . . 57 quarter note see musical symbols \quarternote (￿) . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . 87 \SAdd (B) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightModels (￿) . . 13 \rotr ( ) . . . .. . . . . . . . 53 \RS (￿) . . 87 \SAb (b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 \ScissorRightBrokenBottom ( ) . . . . . . . . . 103 rotating (package) . . . . . 31 . . . 87 \SAhd (H) . . . . . . . 87 \sarabfamily . . . . . . 87 \SAsa (X) . . . . . .. . 11–13. \rightmoon ( ) . \rightthumbsup ( ) . . . . . . . . . 74 \SAg (g) . . . . 87 \SAn (n) . . . . . . . . 13 . ring in equal to . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . \rightsquigarrow (￿) . . . 17. . 54 ￿ \rwave ( ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . 112 optical . 93 . . . 75 \ScissorLeft ( ) . . . . . . . . 71 \sagittarius (￿) . 13 \schwa ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Righttorque (') . 87 \samebishops (s) . . . math \sci ( ) . . . . . . . . \rightthreetimes (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \SAt (t) . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightrightarrows ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 80 satisfies . . 73 \RoundedTsteel (￿) . . . . . 17. . . . . . 57 \rrceil (￿) . . . \rightmapsto (￿) . 55 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rwavy ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . 87 sans (dsfont package option) . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ \rightwave ( ￿ ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightvdash (￿ ￿) . \rlap . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 scientific symbols . . . . . . . . 87 \SAq (q) . . . . . . 100 \SAw (w) . . . . . . 94 153 . . . 87 \SAf (f) . . . . . . . 56 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \rtimes (￿) .. . . . . . . . . 119. . 19. . . . . . . . . . . 87 \satellitedish ( ) . . . . . . . . 23 . 41 \Rsh (￿) . . . . 72 ￿ ￿ \rsem ( ￿ ) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \rtriple . . . . . . . . . . \rightturn (￿) . . 43 \rrparenthesis (￿) . . . . 103 rotated symbols . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 75 \ScissorLeftBrokenTop ( ) 75 \ScissorRight ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 58 see accents see \circeq see \eqcirc . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 \Rrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 71 \saturn (￿) . . .. 71 \scr ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \rotvara ( ) . 100 scaling mechanical . . . see accents rook . 54 \rrbracket ( ) . . . . . . \rightslice (￿) . 87 \Sagittarius (è) . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \SAdb (D) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . roots . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \risingdotseq ( ) \risingdotseq (￿) \risingdotseq (￿) \rJoin (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 87 \SAm (m) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \RoundedTTsteel (￿) . . . . . . . . 87 \SAr (r) . . . . . . . . . . 93 \Sampi (￿) . . . . . . 13 \roty ( ) . . 13 Schwartz distribution spaces see alphabets. . . . . . ring equal to . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \SAlq (‘) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 \rrbracket (￿) . . . . . . . 80 \scalebox . . . . . .  . . . . . . . 75 \ScissorRightBrokenTop ( ) 75 scissors . . \Rightscissors (Q) . . . . . . . . . 68 . . . 87 \SAd (d) . \rightpitchfork (￿) . 70–74 \ScissorHollowLeft ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 87 \SAsd (x) . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \SAa (a) . . \rightpropto (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \SAsv (S) . \rightsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \Rparen ( ) . . \rightthreetimes ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \rotOmega ( ) . . \rightthreetimes (￿) . . . . \ring (˚) . . . . . . . 79.. .. 87 \SAga (G) . . . 75 \scn ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . \righttherefore (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rip ( ) . . . . . . 87 \SAzd (Z) . .) . . . 87 sarabian (package) . . . . . . . . . . . \riota ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 ￿ ￿ Roman coins . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightrightarrows (⇒) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 Romanian comma-belo accent (a . . . . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . . . . . \rightslice (￿) . . . . . . 87 \Sborder ( ) . . . . . . . . 71 \SAh (h) . . 13 . . . . . 13 \scoh (˝) . 54 \rvert (|) ￿ . 54 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ \rmoustache ( ￿ ) . 87 safety-related symbols . . . . . . 121 \SAs (s) . . . . . 100 \savesymbol . . . . . . . . . . . .. 109 \scd ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightpointleft ( ) . 57 \rVert (||) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 68 \SAo (o) . . . 55 ￿ ￿ ￿ \rsemantic ￿ . . . . . . . . . . 42 \Rsh (￿) . . . see \sqrt \rotatebox . . . . . . . . . . . \rightmoon (￿) . . . \rightsquigarrow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 . 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71 \scorpio (￿) . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \SAtd (T) . . . ring (˚ a) . . . 13 \RoundedLsteel (Ÿ) . . . . 75 \ScissorLeftBrokenBottom ( ) . . . . . . 42 \Rrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 56 \rVert (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53 \rrfloor (￿) . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \righttoleftarrow ( ) . \rightY (￿) . . . . see \rdbrack \Rsh ( ) . . . . . . . . 43 41 41 46 62 43 43 33 33 71 71 18 47 76 76 33 42 41 43 43 43 75 22 33 47 42 41 44 18 64 66 22 23 76 76 42 73 88 33 33 \rightpointright ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 \rqm (I \rrangle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75 \ScissorHollowRight ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \rightp ( ) . 43 \rtimes ( ) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 56 ￿ ￿ \rWavy ( ￿ ) . 71 savesym (package) . . . . . . . . . . 72 \rotm ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . .. . . 13 \schwa ( ) . . . . . . . . . \rightrightharpoons ( ) \rightrsquigarrow (￿) . \rightmodels (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \rtimes (￿) . 87 \SAtb (J) . .. . . . . 87. . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \SAhu (I) . . . . . .\rightleftharpoons ( ) \rightleftharpoons (￿) \rightleftharpoons (￿ ￿) \rightleftharpoons (￿) \rightleftharpoonsfill \rightlsquigarrow (￿) . . 87 \SAz (z) . . . . . 87 \SAy (y) . . . . . . . . . . . \rightt ( ) . . . . . . . . . 55 ￿ ￿ ￿ ￿ S \S (§) . . 23. 87 \sampi (￿) . .. . . . . 106 \rmoustache () . . . 87 \SAl (l) . . \rightVdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . see \models \Saturn ( ) . . . . . . 13 \rotw ( ) . . \rightrightarrows (￿) . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .. . . . . . .. . 13 \scg ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 71 \Saturn (Æ) . . . . . . . . \rightthumbsdown ( ) . . \rightspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . 109. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \Scorpio (ç) . . . . . . 87 ￿ \SAk (k) .

. . . . . . . 36 \sinh (sinh) . . . . . . . . 79 \smallfrown (￿) . 91 \shpos (´) . . 72 \scu ( ) . . . . . . .. . .. 43 . . angular . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \simcoloncolon (∼::) . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 = = = \SechBl ( ˇ “ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 semtrans (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 \sin (sin) . . . 79 \smalltriangledown ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 49 \sdttstile ( ) . . . . 24 \smallsmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . = = \SechBR ( ˇ “ = ) . . . . . . . . . 89 33 47 93 72 72 \sersquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . 24 \SI (￿) . . . . . . . 105 \slashu ( ) . . . 90 \shortleftarrow (￿) . . . . . 79 \smalltriangleright ( ) . 76 \smallprod (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 \sim (∼) . . 32 \ShortPulseHigh ( ) . .. . . . . . 74 \smallbosonloopA () . . . . . . . . . 88 skak (package) . . 25 154 . . . 32 simplewick (package) . . . . 120 skull (package) . . . . . . . . . 70 \seharpoonccw (￿) . . . . 103 \sharp (￿) . . . . . . . 8 \selsquigarrow (￿) . . . 93. . . . .script letters see alphabets. . 78 \SixStar ( ) . . . . . . 35 . . . 105 \slashed . 54–57 \semapsto (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. 16 ¯ \smallbosonloop () . . . . 120 \shuffle ( ) . . . 13 \Sleet ( ) .. . . 50 \sigma (σ ) . 23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ˇ “ ) . . . . \separated (￿) . . . . . 35 ) . . . . . . . 79 \SmallCross ( ) . . . . . . 78 \SixFlowerAltPetal ( ) . . . . . . . . . 120 \skull ( ) . . . math \scripta ( ) . 23 \SmallRightDiamond ( ) . . . . 119 Simpsons characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 105 slashed. . 79 \smalltriangleleft ( ) . . . . 88 \sharp (♯) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \searrowtail (￿) \sec (sec) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 segmented digits . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 . . . . . . . . . 33 \semodels (￿) . . . . . . . . 94. . 40 \SmallTriangleLeft ( ) . . 46 \selectfont . . 13 \slashc ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 93. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \smallsetminus (￿) . 48 \SmallSquare ( ) . 36 \simeq (￿) . 35 \textseagull . . .. . . . . . . . 13 \Scroll ( Scroll ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \smallin (￿) . . . . . . . . 78 \SixFlowerPetalDotted ( ) \SixFlowerPetalRemoved ( ) 78 \SixFlowerRemovedOpenPetal ( ) . 78 \SixteenStarLight ( ) . 90 \shortparallel (￿) . . . see musical symbols \sixteenthnote (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 78 \SixFlowerOpenCenter ( ) . . . . 66 \shfermion () . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 \simcolon (∼:) . . . see alphabets. . 72 \shift (˜) . . . 24 shuffle product ( ) . . . . . . 25 \SmallTriangleDown ( ) . . . 120 \senwarrows (￿) . . 66 \SmallLowerDiamond ( ) . . . . . . 109 simpsons (package) . 42 \ShortFifty (×) . . . . . . . 119. 43 semantic valuation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \smallsetminus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 92 sedenions ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 section mark . . . . . . 24 \seVdash (￿) . . . . . . 33 \sefree (￿) . 50 \sigmaup (σ) . . . . 79 \smalllozenge (◊) . . . . . 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . math \sefilledspoon (￿) . . . 43 \sespoon (￿) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . \seppawns (q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \scy ( ) . . . 47 set operators intersection . . . 49 \sincoh (ˇ) . . . . . . . . see \second \secstress ( ) . see musical symbols semidirect products . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \Searrow (￿) . . . . . . . 79 \smalldiamond (◇) . . . . . 79 \smalltriangleup ( ) . . . . .. . . . 70 \ShortPulseLow ( ) . . 22. . . . . . 49 \SixFlowerAlternate ( ) . . . . . . 13 \slashdiv (￿) . 106 \scriptv ( ) . 25 \smalltriangleright (▹) 25. . . 93 \shortdownarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 slashed (package) . . . . 42 \shortmid (￿) . . . 117 sha ( ) . . . . . 50 \sim (∼) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 \scriptstyle . . 40 \SmallTriangleRight ( ) . . . . . . . . 106 . 119. . .. . . . 79 \smallowns (￿) . . . . . . . 89 \SechBL (= = 89 89 89 \second ( ) . . . 119. 13 \slashd ( ) . . . . . . . . . 46 \SePa ( @ ) . . . . 25 \smalltriangledown (▿) 25. . . . . . . . . 25 \smalltriangleleft (◃) 25. 42 . . . . \Sech (ˇ “) ) = =. . . 42 \showclock . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 \slash (/) . . . . . . 24. . 40 \SmallTriangleUp ( ) . . . . . . . . 72 \Sigma (Σ) . . 21 shuffle (package) . 70 \shortrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . 30 \shortmid (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 90 \shortuparrow (￿) . 104. 18 \shneg (ˆ) . . . . . . . . . 90 \ShortForty (Ù) . . see \in union . . . . . . . . . . 79 \smallsquare (￿) . . . . 105. . . . 30 \shortparallel (￿) . . . . 13 \sddtstile ( \sdststile ( \sdtstile ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 66 seconds. . . seagull . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \scriptg ( ) . . . . . . . . . 24 \ShortNinetyFive (Ô) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \SerialInterface (Î) \SerialPort (Ð) . . . . . . . . . . . . see \cup \setminus (\) . . . . . . 13 \scriptscriptstyle . . . . . .sty (file) . . . . . 42 . . . . . . . . 66 semiquaver see musical symbols semitic transliteration . . . . . . . . . 48 \SmallHBar ( ) . . . 33 SGML . . \sepitchfork (￿) . . . . . . 30. 52 \smallint (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 \smallfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 74 \SmallCircle ( ) . . . . . . 25 \smallstar (☆) . . . . . . 74 \Shift ( Shift ⇑ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \S \SectioningDiamond ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 semibreve . . 74 \smallbosonloopV () . . . 115 \slashb ( ) . . . 22 \setminus (￿) . . . . . . . 17 \seModels (￿) . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 78 sixteenth note . . . 43 \senwharpoons (￿) . . . . . . . . 42 \ShortSixty (Ö) . 21 \Shilling (¡) . . . see \cap membership . . 35 ) . . = = “ ˇ \SechBr ( ) . . . . . . \searrow ( ) . . . . . 30 \simeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . 25 \SmallDiamondshape ( ) . 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \searrow (￿) . 30 \smallsmile (￿) . . . . 21 \shortcastling (O-O) . . . . . . . . . . . . \searrow (↘) . . . . . . 14. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \smallpencil ( ) . . . . . . . . . 96. . 105 slashed letters . . . . . 43 . . . . . . . . . . . 41. 105. 32 \sevdash (￿) . . . . . . 47 \sefootline (￿) . . 46 \seharpooncw (￿) . . . . . 91 \sliding (a ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Searrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \ShortThirty (Û) . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \sesearrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . 48 . \sqsubsetneq ( ) . \sqsubseteqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 27 . . . . . . . \sqsupset (￿) . . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \sqsupsetneq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 72 \SOH (￿) . . \sqsubsetneq (￿) . . \smilefrowneq (￿) . . . . . . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . 48 . . . . . . . \ss (ß) . . . . . . \sqtriplesmile (￿) .. . 24 . . . . . . . . . . . . .. smiley faces . 48 . . . .. . \sqsupseteqq (￿) . . ) . 37 . . . . 65 \spadesuit (♠) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \staveIV (￿) . 79 . \sqrt ( ) . . . . . . . . 97 \staveIX (￿) . . . .. . . . . . . . . 23 . . \sqsupset (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \sqsupseteqq ( ) . . . . 66 \square (￿) . . . 65–67. . . . . . . . . . . . . \smile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \SmallVBar ( ) . . . . . 72. . . . 94 \SquareShadowA ( ) . . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . \sqsubset (￿) . . . \SnowflakeChevronBold ( snowflakes . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 \staveI (￿) . . . . . . . . 35 \SO (￿) . . . \sqsupsetneqq (￿) . \smileeq (￿) . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . \square ( ) . 87 space thin . . . . . . . . . 79 –) . . . 78 sparkles . . . \sqsupsetneq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \stackrel . . . . .. . 66 \SpinDown () .. . . . . . . . . . . \sqfrowneq (￿) . .. \sqsubset (￿) . . 35 \sswarrow (￿) . .. . . \squigarrownwse (￿) . . 35 \snttstile ( ) . . . . \sqdoublefrowneq (￿) \sqdoublesmile (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 79–80. . . . 25 square root . . . . . . . . 98 155 . . . . . ” \sqiint ￿ ( ) . . . 37 . . . . . 80 \SquareCastShadowTopRight ( ) . 96 \snststile ( ) . . . . . . . . . .. . 97 \staveL (￿) . . . . 37 . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 48 . . . . . . . \sqiiint ( ) . . . . 79 \SpinUp () . . . . 108 standard state . \sqint ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \SquareShadowTopLeft ( ) . . 37 . 22 \ssststile ( \sststile ( ) .. . 35 \sntstile ( ) . . \squigarrowrightleft (￿) \squigarrowsenw (￿) . 16 \sqbullet ( ) . . . . . . . \squigarrowleftright (￿) \squigarrownesw (￿) . . . 25 Star of David . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 36. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . 23 \sqcapplus (￿) . . . . . . . . . 113 visible . . . . \sqsmilefrown (￿) . . . . . \sqsubset ( ) . . \Square ( ) . . . . . . . 37 . . . . see \hksqrt \SquareCastShadowBottomRight ( ) . . 88. . . ) . \SnowCloud ( ) . 48 . 37 . . 23 . 73 squares . . . . . . . . . . \sqdoublesmileeq (￿) \sqeqfrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 . . . . . 40 79 30 48 48 48 48 48 48 90 88 98 35 91 91 78 78 78 78 \SNPP ( ) . \square (￿) . ￿ \sqiint ( ) . . . . . . 90 \sphericalangle ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \sqsupseteq (￿) . . . . . see \textvisiblespace \Spacebar ( ) . . . . . . \squigarrowdownup (￿) . . . . . . \sqsubsetneqq (￿) . . . . . . . \sqsupsetneqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \SS (SS) . . . 66 \sphericalangle (￿) . 80 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 43 23 10 10 \ssdtstile ( ) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 77 .. . . 24. . \sqdoublecap ( ) . . . . . 23 \sqcapdot (￿) . . . . . . . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \sqsmile (￿) . . . 104. . . \sqsupseteq (￿) . . . \smileeqfrown (￿) . . \smiley (￿) . . . . 80 . . . . \Sqsupset (￿) . . . . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 \sqcup (￿) . . . . 77. . . . . . . . . . 80 \SquareCastShadowTopLeft ( ) . . . . \sqeqsmile (￿) . . . . . . . . 21. . . 21. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . \sqsmileeq (￿) . . . . . . see \sqrt hooked . . . . . . . . 80 \spadesuit (♠) . . . . . . 28 . . . \SnowflakeChevron ( ) . 22. . 48 . . . . . . 23 \sqcap ( ) . . . . 58 \splitvert (¦) . . . . . . . . 37 . .. . . 9 \SpecialForty (Ú) . . \sqdoublefrown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 “special” characters . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . 79 \SquareShadowB ( ) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 79 \SquareShadowBottomRight ( ) . . 97 \staveIII (￿) . . .. . \sqsubseteq (￿) . . . . . . . \sqcupplus (￿) . . 80 \SquareShadowTopRight ( ) 80 \SquareSolid ( ) . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . \Square (￿ vs. . . 22 \sqcap (￿) . . . . . . . .\smalltriangleup (▵) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \sqsubseteq (￿) . . . \sqfrownsmile ￿ (￿) . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . 97 \staveII (￿) . . 72 spoon symbols . . . . 80 \SquareShadowC ( ) . . 48 . \smile (￿) . 78 stars . . . . . . 72 spades (suit) . . . . . .. . . . 67 \squaredots (∷) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \sqsubsetneqq ( ) . . . 37 . . 23 \sqcap (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107 \star (￿) . .. . . .. .. . . . . . . . . \Smiley (©) . . . . . 37 . . . .. . . 80 \Squaredot (÷) . . . . . . 80 \Squaresteel (“) . . . . . . \sqcupplus (￿) . . . . . . . 47 \spreadlips (a ˙) . . . . . \sqfrown (￿) . 37 . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 . . . . . . . . . 58 \spirituslenis (a \spirituslenis (—) . . . . . \Square (￿) . . . . \sqsubseteq ( ) . vs. . . . . . . . . . . \squigarrowupdown (￿) . . . 37 . . . . . . 35 ) . . . . . . . . . › \sqint ( √) . . . . . 72 South Arabian alphabet . . . . 73 \squarewithdots ( ) . . \sqsmileeqfrown (￿) . . . . 36 . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 28 59.. . . . 48 . . . 48 . 19 statistical independence . . . . . . 23 .. . 23 \sqcupdot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 . . \sqsubseteqq (￿) . . . . 78 \starredbullet (￿) . . . \squigarrowswne (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \sqsupset ( ) . . . . . . . 66 \sphericalangle (￿) . . . \sqdoublecup ( ) . . . . . . . . . 27 . 37 . . . . 23 \sqcapplus (￿) . . 42 \sslash (￿) . . . . . . . . .. . . 35 \ssttstile ( ) . . \smilefrown (￿) . . . . . . . \squplus ( ) . . . . 37 . . . . . . . \Sqsubset (￿) . . . 64 \Squarepipe (—) . . . \sqfrowneqsmile (￿) . 77–79 \stater (￿) . . . . 101 . . . . . . . . 48 . . \sqSupset ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 36. . 48 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 . . . . . . . . . \Snow ( ) . . . . . . 48 . . . . . . . . . . . \sqtriplefrown (￿) . . 37 . .. . . . . . \sqsupseteq ( ) . . . \sqSubset ( ) . . . . . . . 97. . .. 90. 48 . . . . . . . 22 \sqcup (￿) . 104 \star (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \sndtstile ( ) . . . . . . . . 66. 23 \sqcup ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 37 . . . . . . 78 \SparkleBold ( ) . . . . 66 \Sparkle ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . smile symbols . . . . \Square ( ) . 48 . . 27 . . 48 . 35 \ssearrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 25. \Snowflake ( ) . .

36 . . . . . . . . . . 87 stmaryrd (package) 22. . . . . . . . . . . . 118–120 stochastic independence see \bot \StoneMan ( ) . . . . 98 \staveXIII (￿) . . . . . . . 48.. . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 \staveXVII (￿) . . . 97 \staveLVII (￿) . . . . . 97 \staveLXVIII (￿) . 98 \staveXLIII (￿) . . . . 35 ) . . . \Subset (￿) . .. . . 37 . 98 \staveXL (￿) . . . . . . \subsetplus (￿) . . . . . . 119 \staveXXXIII (￿) . . . 97 . . .. . . . . . . . . . \succnapprox (￿) . . . \strictiff (￿) . .. . 35 ) . . . 119. . \subdoublebar ¯ \subdoublevert (a) . . . . . . . . . . 98 \staveXXII (￿) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 97 \staveXXXIX (￿) . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . "". . . . . . . . . 37 . . . . . . . 97 \staveXXVI (￿) . . 98 \staveXLVIII (￿) . . . \subrptr (a subscripts ¿ new symbols used in \Subset ( ) . . . . 97 \staveXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 87 \stigma (￿) . . . . . . 98 \staveXXI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \subset (⊂) . ◦ \stst (− ) . . . \succneq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . ¡) . . . . 98 \staveXVI (￿) . \strictfi (￿) . . . . . \subseteqq (￿) . . . . 30 . 98 \staveXLIX (￿) . 105 . . . \succapprox ( ) . . . . . . . 37 . . 98 \staveXLIV (￿) . . . . . . 37 . . 92 104 ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 . 98 \staveXIV (￿) . . 97 . 98 \staveXX (￿) . . . . 36 . \subsetneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 32 . . . . . . . . 98 \staveLXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . ) . . . 98 \staveXXXVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . 37 . . . 98 \staveLXVI (￿) . . . . . \succapprox (￿) . . . . 97 \staveXV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \subsetneq ( ) . . . . . 31 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. \subseteqq (￿) . . 32 . . \StrokeThree ( ) \StrokeTwo ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \subsetneqq (￿) . 30 156 . . . . . . 36 . . \strokedint (￿) . 98 \staveXXXV (￿) \staveV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \succcurlyeq (￿) . . . . . . . .. . . . . \succnapprox ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 \staveLXVII (￿) . . 37 . . . . \succnsim ( ) . 37 . . . . . 72 72 74 16 16 16 16 16 \staveLV (￿) . . 54. . . . . . . . . 35 . . . . . . . . . . . . \subsetneq (￿) . . . . . . . 32 . . . . . . \SUB (￿) . . . . . . 97 \staveXXX (￿) \staveXXVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \succnsim (￿) . . . see \pounds stick figures . . . . 97 \STX (￿) . . . . 98 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40. . . . . 91 \Stopsign (!) . . . 98 \staveLXI (￿) . . . . . . . 91 \StopWatchStart ( \stress ( ) . 97 \staveVI (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Subset (￿) . . . . 30 . . . . . . . subsets . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \succsim ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \staveXLV (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 18 31 31 31 29 92 92 \staveXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \succeq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \staveLXIV (￿) . . \subsetneq (￿) . . . . 31 . . . . . 98 \staveXXIV (￿) . . . . \succ (￿) . . . . . 98 \staveXLVI (￿) . . .. . \succdot ( ) . 67 steinmetz (package) 70. . . . . . \succcurlyeq (￿) . . . . . 74 \StopWatchEnd ( ) . . . \succcurlyeq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \staveLVIII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \staveLIV (￿) . . . . . \StrokeFive ( ) \StrokeFour ( ) . . . . . . .\staveLI (￿) . . . . . . . 37 . . . . 98 \staveLXII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 92 . . . . 97 \staveLII (￿) . . . . . . . . 98 \staveXIX (￿) . . . . . 97 . . . . . 35 \steaming (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \Stigma (￿) . . . . \subseteq (⊆) . . . . . . 98 \staveXXXVIII (￿) . . 98 staves . . 70 sterling . . . . . . . . . . 97 \staveXXIX (￿) . . . 31. . 36 . ^ (a) . . . . . . \subseteq (⊆) . . 32 . . . . .. 36 . . . . . . . 32 . 97 \staveXXVIII (￿) . . . . . . 97 \staveXXXIV (￿) . . . 97 \staveVII (￿) . . . . . 26. . . 31 . . . 97 staves (package) . . . . . . . . . . . . \sublptr (a) . . . . 97 \staveXXXII (￿) . 32 . . . 97 \staveLIII (￿) . . . \subseteqq ( ) . . . . . . 97 \staveX (￿) \staveVIII (￿) . . 98 \staveXLII (￿) \staveXLI (￿) . . . . . 97 \staveLVI (￿) . \subset ( ) . . .. . . . . . 42.. . \subsetneqq ( ) . 104. . . . .. . . . . . . . . \succapprox (￿) . . 32 . . . . . 37 . 32 . \succneqq (￿) . . . . . . . 98 \staveXXIII (￿) . . . 98 \staveXXXI (￿) . . . . . . . 98 \staveXLVII (￿) . . . . \succnapprox (￿) . . . . 37 . \stststile ( \sttstile ( \stttstile ( . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 \stdtstile ( ) . . . . . . \succeqq (￿) . . \subset (⊂) . . . . . . 37 . . \succ (￿) . . 98 \staveXVIII (￿) . . . . . . 32 . . . . . . 92 . \succsim (￿) . . 97 \staveXXV (￿) . . \succeq (￿) . . 37 . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \staveLIX (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 \staveLX (￿) . . . . . . . . 34 . . . . . 98 \staveLXIII (￿) . . . . . 30 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 98 \StrokeOne ( ) . . . 121 Steinmetz phasor notation . 98 \staveXXXVII (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . subatomic particles . . 31 . . . . . . \subcorner (a) . . 37. . . . . . . . \strictif (￿) . . \subseteq ( ) . . \subsetpluseq (￿) . . 97. . . . . . \succnsim (￿) . . . 101. . 32 . . . . . .. 30 . . 34 . . . . . . . . . 53. . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 . . \Tab ( − − → \tabcolsep . 68 \SYN (￿) . . . . 89 metrical . . . . . 102. . . . . . . 17. . . . . . . 37 supremum . . . . . . . . . . . 37 \supset (⊃) . . 94 \symrook (R) . . . . . . . . 36 \supset (⊃) . . . . . 37 \supsetneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 \supsetneqq ( ) . . 88 \SunCloud ( ) . see \sup \Supset ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . . 106.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ . . . 71 \sun (☉) . . . 36 \supsetneq (￿) . . . 47 \swfootline (￿) . . 103 symbols actuarial . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \swharpoonccw (￿) . 68 \symbishop (B) . . . . . . . 97 mathematical . 43 \swmapsto (￿) . . . . . 49. . . . . . . . . . 97 chess . . . see \sim \swVdash (￿) . . . . . . . 108 proto-Semitic . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 43 \swspoon (￿) . . . 91 zodiacal . . 65. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 miscellaneous . . 88 Go stones . . . . . 47 \swrsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 53. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 definition . . . . . . . . . . . 48 gates. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 \swpitchfork (￿) . . . . . 9–20 bold . . 71 symbols. . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 legal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 100. . . . . . . 65 \SurveySign ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 18. . 119 \symC ( ) . . 73 magical signs . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70. 25. . . . 21–69 METAFONTbook . . 81 pulse diagram . . . 37 \supseteqq (￿) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 present value . 107–109 Feynman diagram . . . . . . . . 51. . . . . . . 30. . . 11–13. . . . . . . . 71 \Sun (À vs. 102 weather . . . . . . . . . 68 dangerous bend . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 72 Knuth’s . . . 30. . 113 logic . . . . 30 reversed . . . . . \T (⊗) . . . 64. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 computer hardware . 37 \supsetneq ( ) . 103 safety-related . . . . . . . . . . . 36. 94 \symUE ( ) . . . . . 103. . . . 65. . . . . . . . . 73 extensible . . 91 \SummitSign ( ) . . . . . . . 32 \swfree (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 \symOE ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70. 81 phonetic . . . . . . . . . . . 98 clock . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 99 relational . . . 17. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17 . . . t4phonet (package) 120 → − − ) . 47 staves . . . . . . . . 32 such that . 89 transliteration . . . . 97 body-text . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 Symbol (font) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 \syllabic ( ) . 119. . . 95 14. . . 94 cipher . . . . . . . . . 37 \supseteq ( ) . 46 \swlsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 linguistic . 43 \swfilledspoon (￿) . . . 29–30. . . . . . . 114 variable-sized . 19. 29 \sumint (￿) . . 11–13. . . . . . 36 \supseteqq (￿) . . . . \T ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 \Supset (￿) . .157 a \succsim (￿) . . 90 informator . . . .tex (file) . . . . . . . . . 81–87 annuity . . . . 10 . . 71 astronomical . . . . . . . . 47. 90–92 communication . 29 \Summit ( ) . . . . . 37 \supsetpluseq (￿) . . . . . 108 APL . . 101 \Sun ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 swords . . . 19. . 51. . 103 rotated . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–14. . . . . . 49 superscripts new symbols used in . . . 48 currency . . . . . . . . . . . . 95 . . . 37 \supsetneq (￿) . . . . 37 \supseteq (⊇) . . . 74 Phaistos disk . . . . . 91 ancient language . . 72 contradiction . . . 107 \swarrow (↙) . . . 68 \symking (K) . 80 \sup (sup) . . . . . 43 \swarrowtail (￿) . . . . . . . 51–53 life insurance . . . . . . . 88. . . 20. . . . . . vs. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 \swswarrows (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 108 linear logic . . . . 94 information . . . . 21. . . . 46 \swharpooncw (￿) . . . . 107 electrical . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21. . . . . . . . . . 73 genealogical . . 65–67. . . . . . 36 \Supset (￿) . . . 36 \supsetneqq (￿) . 59–63. . . . . 94 \symknight (N) . . . 104 . . . . . 43 swung dash . . . . . . . . . . . . \t (a) \t (⊗) . . . . . . . . . . 116 letter-like . . 93 inverted . . . . . . . . 43 \swneharpoons (￿) . 33 \swvdash (￿) . 68 \symB ( ) . . . . . . . 37 \supset ( ) . . . . 108 alpine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \symAE ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . . . . . 98. . . . . . . . . . 14 upside-down 11–13. . 103. . . . . . . . 18. . . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \supseteq (⊇) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88–99 monetary . . . . 74 Frege logic . 71. 103 keyboard . . . . . 96 smile . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70–74 TEXbook . 94 \symqueen (Q) . . . . . . 105 ￿ (− \sum ( ) . . . . .. . . . . . . . 42 \swarrow (￿) . . . 98 biological . . 21–23. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 96 dingbat . . . . . . . . . . 47. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 75–80 dot . . 43 \swModels (￿) . . . . 68 musical . 66. . . . . . 113 box-drawing . . . 74 block-element . . . . . . 70–74 Simpsons characters . . . . . . . . . . . . . 42 \Swarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 non-commutative division 63 particle physics . . . . . . . . . ) . . . . . . 37 \surd ( ) . . . . . . 67 frown . . . 37 technological . 51 . . . . 70 recycling .. . 70 engineering . . . 43 \swarrow ( ) . 91 \Sun ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. . . . . . 33 \swnearrows (￿) . . . 88. . . . . . . . . 71 astrological . . . 91 \Swarrow (￿) . 11–14 physical . . . . . . . . 63. . . . . . . 33 \swmodels (￿) . . . . . . 66 Pitman’s base-12 . . 88 general . . . . . . . . . . . . 37 \supseteqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . tacks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 89 navigation . . 37 \supsetplus (￿) . 105 supersets . . . . . . . 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 \SunshineOpenCircled ( ) . . 74 scientific . . . . . 108 dictionary . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11–14 log-like . . . . . 70 pitchfork . . . . . . . 100. . . . . . 89 laundry . . . . . 105 \suchthat ￿ ) . . . . . 18 \symA ( ) . digital logic . . . . . . . . . . 25 \sum (∑) . . . . . . 17. . . . 80. . . . . . . . . . . . 17. . . 33 \syl (a) . . 48 spoon . . . 41. . 68 \sympawn (p) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93. . . 91 \Sun (À) . . . . . . . . 25–30. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 subset and superset 36. . . . . . . . . . . . . 72 T \T . . . . . . . .

. . . . 120 TEX . 116 \textbullet (•) . . . . . . . . . . . 35 \tdttstile ( ) . . . . . . . 117 \textceltpal ( ) . . . 11 \textdegree (°) . . 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 13 89 22 92 49 49 80 \Taschenuhr ( ) . . . . . . . . 41 \textdownfullarrow (ˇ) . 70–74 \Telefon (T) . 67. 12 \textdctzlig (dý) . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . 11 \textctjvar (2) . . . . . . 18. . . . . . 11 \textcircled (￿) . . 21 \Tent ( ) . . . . 40. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \textcypr . . 11 \textbigcircle (○) . .. . . . 11 \textcrh (è) . 11 \textcurrency (¤) . . . . . 18 \textdollaroldstyle (￿) . . 115.. . . . . . . . . . . 71 \Taurus (á) . . . 12 \textblank (￿) . 117 \textasteriskcentered (∗) . . . . . . . . . 12 \textctt (ť) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textbackslash (\) . . . 9 \textbrevemacron (˘ a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textdollar ($) . . 20 ￿ \textdbend ( ) . . . 20 \textdblig ()) . . . 115. . . . . . 11 \textdzlig (dz) . . 18–20. . . . . . . 117 \textasciidieresis (￿) 18. . . . . . . . . . 16 \tddtstile ( ) .. . . . . . . . 89 \text . . . . . . . . . 20 \textbabygamma (È) . . . . . \tailr ( ) . . . . 88 \textbottomtiebar (a <) . . . 65 \tcperthousand (‰) . . 11 \textbarl (ł) . . . . . . . 65 \tcmu (µ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 100. 11 \textcrh ( ) . . . . . . . 70. . . . . . . . 11 \textctdctzlig (ćý) . . . . . . 117. . 11 \textbarg ( g ) . . 95 \terminus (⊗) . . . 35 technological symbols . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \textdkshade ( ) . . . . . . . . . 89 \textdblhyphen (￿) . . . . 11 \textcloserevepsilon (Æ) . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \textdoublevbaraccent ( ) . 18 \textbar (|) . . . 71 tautology . 12 \textctn (ő) . . . . 13 testfont. . . . . 109. . 116 \textcentoldstyle (￿) . . . . 85. . . . . 11 \textcrlambda (ň) . . . . . 71 \taurus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .) . . . . . . . . . . 112 symbols from . . . . . 11 \textcrb (ă) . . . . 86 \textdagger (†) . . . 8. . 15 ˙ ) . . . . . 11 \textdoublepipevar (G) . 11 \textcrd ( ) . 114 \textbarb ( b ) . . . . . . . . 11 \textcrtwo (2) . . . . 20 \textbardotlessj (é) . . . . . 11 \textctd (ć) . . . 100. . . . . 11 \texteightoldstyle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \textcorner (^) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \textasciicircum (ˆ) . . . . . 95 \terminus* (⊕) . 9. . . . . . . 119 \textcopyleft (￿) . . . . . . . 88. . . . . . . . . 91 \Terminus (⊗) . . . . . . . 106 \textacutedbl (￿) . . . . . 17 \textdoublevertline (Ş) . \talloblong (￿) tally markers . . . . 18 \textcommatailz (Þ) . . . . . . 11 \textctesh (š) . 117 \textbullseye (ò) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see \top \tauup (τ) . . . . . . 11 \textbaru (0) . 17 \textdoublepipe ({) . . . . . . . 15 ˆ \textcircumdot (a) ˙ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41. . 111. . .. 9. 11 \textctinvglotstop (D) . . 95 \Terminus* (⊕) . . 20. . . 116 \textasciitilde (˜) 9. . . . . . . 9 \textbraceright (}) . . 11 \textdoublebarpipe (}) . . . 35 . . . . .. 92 \Telephone ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \tailinvr ( ) . . . . . .\taild ( ) . 116 \textasciibreve (￿) . \tanh (tanh) . . . . . .. . . . . 9. . 11 \textbard ( d ) . . . . . . . 70. . . . . . . .tex (file) . 11 \textcelsius (￿) . . 15 \textaolig (") . . . . . 15 \textdotbreve (˘ a \textdoublebaresh ( S ) . . . . . . 87. . . . . . . . . 11 \textbarrevglotstop (Ý) . . 19 teubner (package) 19. . . . 19 \textcircumacute (Ż a) . . 11 \textbari (1) . . . . 64. . . . . . . 9. 18 \textdong (₫) . . . . . . . . . 11 \textctc (C) . . 18 \textasciicaron (￿) . . . . . 12 \textasciiacute (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textdoublegrave (‚ a) . . . 11 \textbardbl (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textdnblock ( ) . . 11 \textbaro (8) . 20 \textbktailgamma (. . . . . . 11 \textcttctclig (ťC) . . . . . . 19 \textcopyright (©) . . 20 \textdblhyphenchar (￿) . . 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textcrd (ą) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \tailn ( ) . 91 Tate-Shafarevich group see sha \tau (τ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . 18 \textdotacute (§ a) . . 11 \textctstretchc (%) . . . . . . \Tape ( ) . . . . 9. . .. . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textdyoghlig (Ã) . . . 50 \tccentigrade (￿) . . . . . . . . . 115 \textbaht (￿) . \tailz ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 textcomp (package) . . . . . . 98 Tennent. . . . . . 18 \textchi ( . . . . . . 50 \Taurus ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textbenttailyogh (B) . 119. . . . . . . . . 47. . . 18. . . . 11 \textcent (¢) . . . . .) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 14 \textcrg (g) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 115. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \taill ( ) . . . . . . . . 15 \textcloseepsilon (Å) . 118. . 95. 97 \textborn (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 114. . . . 12 \textdoublevbaraccent (İ a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \textdiscount (￿) . . 11 \textbarc ( c ) . . . . . . . . . . 57. . 122 TEXbook. 20 \textblock ( ) . . . . 15 ¯ \textbrokenbar (¦) . . . . 111–113. . . . 12 \textbeta (B) . . 11 \textcloseomega (Ñ) . . . . . . . . . \Takt . . 116 \textasciigrave (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .dvi (file) . 103–109. . . . . . . . \tails ( ) . . 35 \tdststile ( \tdtstile ( ) ) . . . . . . . 20 \textdiv (÷) . . 12 \textdoublebarslash (= / ) . . 97. . . . . . Bob . . 15 ¯ \textacutewedge (´ a) . 11 \textctturnt (@) . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . \tailt ( ) . . . . . 115. 11 \textbarglotstop (Ü) . . . 95 \tesh ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73 \Telephone ( ) . . . . 65 \tcpertenthousand (￿) . . . . . . . . 18 \textasciimacron . . . . . 15 \textdoublegrave ( ) . . . . . 12 \textctj (J) . . . . 18 \textacutemacron (´ a) . . . . 116 \textdied (￿) . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14. . . . . . 11 \textbeltl (ì) . . 65 \td (a . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \textbraceleft ({) . 12 \textdownstep (Ť) . . . . . . . 14 \textcircledP (￿) . . . . . . . . 20 158 . . . . . 105. 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textdownarrow (↓) . . 20 \textdaggerdbl (‡) . . . 111 testfont. . 18. . .. . . 11 \textcolonmonetary (₡) . 12 \textctstretchcvar (&) . . 21. . . . 11 \textdoublebarpipevar (H) . . . . . . . . . . 67 \textdivorced (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70. . . . .. . . . 65 \tcohm (Ω) . . . . . . . . . . . 64. . 12 \textctyogh (ÿ) . . . . . . . 14 \textcrinvglotstop ( Û ) . \tan (tan) . 112 \tetartemorion (Β) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 11 \textctz (ý) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 \textasciimacron (￿) 18. . The 103–107. 15 ˇ \textadvancing (a ffi) .

. . . 20 \textObardotlessj (Í) . . . . . . 114 \textquotestraightbase (￿) 20 \textquotestraightdblbase (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textObullseye (9) . . 12 \textnumero (№) . . . . . . . . 12 ￿ \textlhdbend ( ) . . 11 \textlooptoprevesh (>) . . . 12 \textinvscr (K) . . . . . . . . 70 \textOlyoghlig (ŋ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \textmusicalnote (♪) . 20 \textopencorner (_) . . . . . . . 117 \textexclamdown (¡) . . . . . 12 \textglobfall (Ů) . . . 12 \textfishhookr (R) . . . . . . 11 \textmarried (￿) . . . 12 \textlhookt (ş) . . 19 \texteuro (€) . . . . . 12 \textguarani (￿) . . 18 \textphi (F) . . . 12 \textohm (Ω) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \textpertenthousand (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textlhti (1) . . . 9. . . 11 \textrangle (〉) . . . 18 \textfouroldstyle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textesh ( ) . . . . . . 20 \textnaira (￿) . . . 68 \textgravecircum (Ž a) . . 12 \textpm (±) . 12 \textquestiondown (¿) . . 11. . 9. . 116 \textoneoldstyle . . . . . 57 \textltailm (M) . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \textprimstress (") . . 20. . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textlangle (〈) . . . 12 \textgoth . . 67. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textrevepsilon (3) . . . . 11 \textrevscl (v) . . . . . 97 \textlfishhookrlig (I) . . . . . 114 \textquotedblleft (“) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 \textinterrobangdown (￿) . . . . . . . 15 ¯ \textgravemid (Ź a) . . 57 \textleaf (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \textltilde (ë) . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textpalhooklong (ˆ) . . . 11 \texthth (H) . . . . . . . . . . 18. . . 20. . . 102 \textrectangle (¨) . . . . . . 67. . . 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \textpipevar (F) . . . . . . . . 12 \textg (ě) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67 \textfrak . . . . . . . . 12 \textlhookp (<) . . . . 12 \texthooktop (#) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81 \textqplig (=) . . . . . 114 \textrbrackdbl (￿) . . . . . . . 114 \textlbrackdbl (￿) . 86 \textlira (₤) . . . 11 \texthtk (Î) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \texthtb (á) . . . . . . 15 \textgravedbl (￿) . . . . . . 116 \textordmasculine (º) . . 19. 9 \textquoteright (’) . . . 18 \texthalflength (. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \textlambda (ń) . . 12 \textreferencemark (￿) 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 67. 12 \textglotstopvariii (V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \textpalhook (%) . . . . 11 \textreve (9) . 18 \textgravedot (đ a) . . . 67. . . . . . . 12 \textglobrise (Ű) . . . . . . . . . .) . . . . . . 12 \textparagraph (¶) . . . . . . 14 \texthtp (Ò) . . . . . 20 \texteuro (€) . . 9 \textquoteleft (‘) . 11 \textproto . . 11 \textinvomega (. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textopeno ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textlquill (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textglotstopvari (T) . 20 \textraiseglotstop (ij) . . 116 \textlonglegr (Ô) . . . 20 \textpipe (|) . . . . 14 \texthtd (â) . . 20 \textoneoldstyle (￿) . . . . 12 \texthmlig (4) . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textomega (ř) . . . 11 \texthtp ( ) . . . . . . 12 \textlowering (a fl) . 11 \texthtc ( ) . . .) . . . . 12 \textrevapostrophe (\) . . . . . . 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textifsym . . . 14 \textesh (S) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textlhtlongi (ę) . 15 \textlptr (¡) . . 57. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \texthtscg (É) . . . . . . . . . . . 57 \textrecipe (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .\textellipsis (. 15 \textramshorns (7) . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \texteuro (€) . . . . . . . . . . . 117 \textpeso (￿) . . . 11 \texthtt (Ö) . . . . 15 \textretractingvar (˚) . . . 14 \textestimated (℮) . . 41 \textlengthmark (:) . . 11 \textinvscripta (!) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textless (<) . . . . . . . . . 15 \textminus (−) . . . . . . . . . . 57. . . . . . . . . . 11 \textraisevibyi (ğ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . .) . . 12 \textglotstopvarii (U) . . . . . . . . 82 \textpolhook (a ˛ ) . . . . 97 \textlyoghlig (Ð) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 — (‰ \textoverw (a) . 11 \texthtt ( ) . 114 \textlfblock ( ) . . . . . . . . 85. . . 88 \textmho (￿) . . . . 11 \texthtbardotlessjvar (3) . . . . . 114 \textgrgamma (. . . . . . . . . . . 20 \textnrleg (6) . . . . . . 20 \textfractionsolidus (⁄) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textlhtlongy (ű) . . 14 \textflorin (ƒ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \textretracting (a ffl) . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textpalhookvar (˜) . . . . 14 \texthtq (Ó) . 88 \textleftarrow (←) . . . . . . . . . . 11 \texththeng (Ê) . . . 12 \textfrhookdvar (() . 20. . 11 \textltailn (ñ) . . . 103 ￿ \textreversedvideodbend ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 \textendash (–) . . . . . . 9. . . 11 \textpilcrow (￿) . . . . 11 \textheng (0) . . . 68 \textfrbarn (5) . . . . . . 9 \textemdash (—) . . 70. . . . . . . . 116 \textovercross a) . . . . . . 12 \textinvsubbridge (a „) . . . . . . 116 \textopenbullet (◦) . 14 \texthtbardotlessj (ê) . 9. 14 \texthvlig (ß) . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textfrhookt (?) . . . 9 \textfemale (7) . . 9 \textquotesingle (') . . . . . . 20 \textperiodcentered (·) . . . 89 \textlhookfour (#) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \texthtc (Á) . . . . . 14 \textordfeminine (ª) 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 \textfjlig ( ) . . 11 \textpipe ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 20 \textonequarter (¼) . . . . . . . . . 11 \textraising (a fi) . . . . . . . . 11 \textopeno (O) . . . . . . . 70 \textinterrobang (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 70 \textmidacute (Ÿ a) . . . . . . . . . . 15 \textiota (Ì) . . . . . . . 12 \textfrhookd (’) . 11 \textltailn ( ) . . 18 \textlnot (¬) . . . 11 \textonehalf (½) . . . . 15 \textgravemacron (` a) . . 12 \textinvsca (p) . . . . . . . . . . 20 \textinvglotstop (Û) . . 116 \textonesuperior (¹) . . . 12 \textglotstop (P) . 11 \textiota ( ) . . . 11 \texthtd ( ) . . . . . 11 \texthardsign (ż) . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textfrtailgamma (-) . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 \texthtg (ä) . . . . . . . 11 \texthtk ( ) . 11 \textltshade ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 \textperthousand (‰) 20. . 67. . . . . . . . . . . 116 \textpmhg . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \textnineoldstyle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textepsilon ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 \textepsilon (E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textfiveoldstyle (￿) . . . . . . 21 \textregistered (®) 9. . . 12 159 . . . . . . . . 11 \texthtb ( ) . 9 \textquotedbl (") . . . . . . . 15 \textgreater (>) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textgamma (G) . 20. 89 \textrevglotstop (Q) . 9 \textquotedblright (”) . . 10. 67 \textmu (µ) . ) . . . . . . 11 \texthtrtaild (č) . . . 11 \textlinb . . . . .

. . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . 11 \textturnk (ľ) . . . . \textsch (Ë) . . ¨ . 12 \textthornvarii (Q) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9 \textuparrow (↑) . . 97 \textSFli ( ) . . .. \textrtailt ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 16 \texttrademark (™) . . 97 \textSFxxxvii ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textturnh (4) . . . . . . \textrthook ($) . . 16 \textsuperscript . . . . . 12 11 12 12 12 12 12 12 12 41 15 15 12 57 12 14 12 12 11 11 11 11 14 11 97 11 12 87 11 12 11 12 11 12 11 11 11 14 11 11 12 11 12 11 11 11 12 12 11 11 11 11 14 11 11 15 11 20 19 20 97 97 97 \textSFiv ( ) . . . . 15 › . . . . . . . 15 ¯ \textsubbridge (a ”) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . 15 ‹ (a) . . . . . . 11 \textturnlonglegr (Õ) . . . . . . . 97 \textSFvii ( ) . . . . . . . 12 \textturnt (Ø) . . . . . . 11 \textturnglotstop (E) . . . 12 \textstyle . . . . . . \textrhooka (￿) . . . . . . . . . 20 \textthreequarters (¾) 67. 11 \textturnthree (C) . . . . . \textsck (t) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxlvi ( ) . \textrtails (ù) . .. . . . . . . . . \textrtailn (ï) . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . \textsecstress (­) . . . . . . . 91 \textthorn (þ) . . . . . . 113 \textsubacute (a) . . . . . . . . . . 18 \textstretchc (Â) . . . . . 97 \textSFxl ( ) . . . . . . . 16 ˇ \textsuperimposetilde (a &) . 16 ˙ \texttildelow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFliii ( ) . . . . . . . . . 9. . . . . \textSFi ( ) . . . . . . 16 \texttctclig (tC" ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 68 \textsyllabic (a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20. . . \textsce (ď) . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxxviii ( ) . . . . .. \textrtailhth (/) . . . . 15 \textsubw (a —) . . . 105. 97 \textSFxix ( ) . . \textservicemark (￿) . . 20 \texttwooldstyle . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \textringmacron (˚ a) . . . 12 \textthreeoldstyle (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \textrtailt (ú) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \textrtaild ( ) . 97 \textSFxxvi ( ) . .. . . . . . . 15 \textsubcircum (a) . . . . . \textrhookepsilon (+) . . . . 115 \texttimes (×) . . . . . 97 \textSFxlii ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textvbaraccent (IJ a) . . . . . . . . . 116 \textthreequartersemdash () . . . . . . . .. . . 97 \textSFxlix ( ) . \textscriptv (V) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxlv ( ) . . . . . 11 \textturnrrtail (õ) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFv ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . \textscl (Ï) . . . . . .. . . . . . . \textrhookopeno (:) . . . . . .. . . . \textsevenoldstyle (￿) . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. 97 \textSFxx ( ) . . . 11 \textspleftarrow (˝) . . . . . . . . . \textscf (s) . 116 \texttildedot (˜ a) . . . . . 11 \textturncelig (ŕ) . 11 \textturnr (ô) . . . . 20 \textthreesuperior (³) 67. . . \textrthooklong (´) . . . \textrhooke (*) . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 \textsubrhalfring (a » ) . . . . . . . . . \textscm (w) . . \textsarab . . . . . . . . \textscriptv ( ) . . . . . . . 11 \textturny (L) . . . .. . . 97 \textSFxxv ( ) . . 97 \textSFx ( ) . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxliii ( ) . . . 97 \textSFxliv ( ) . . . . . \textscq (y) . . . . . . . . . . 15 \textsubumlaut ˜ (a) .. . \textscdelta (r) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxli ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textsterling (£) . . . 15 ˙ \textsubdoublearrow (˙) . . . . . .. \textrhoticity (~) . . . . \textrtailz (ü) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 20 \texttwosuperior (²) . . . . . . . . . . 67 \textswab . . 19. . . . . \textrevyogh (ź) . \textrptr (¿) . . . . . 97 \textSFlii ( ) . . \textschwa ( ) . . . . . . .. . . \textscaolig (q) . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textvibyi (ğ) . . . . . . . . 67 \texttoneletterstem (£) . . . . 97 \textSFl ( ) . . . 15 ˚(a \textsubsquare «) . . .. . . . . . \textsci (I) . .. . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textteshlig (Ù) . 11 \texttoptiebar (> a) . . 15 \textsubarch (a) “ \textsubbar (a) . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . \textscg (å) . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textturnsck (u) . 11 \textstretchcvar ($) . 12 \textturntwo (A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 20 \texttwooldstyle (￿) .. . . . . 41 \textupblock ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxxxix ( ) . \textrtaill (í) . 15 \textsublhalfring – \textsubplus (a ff) . . . \textscr (ö) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \textrightarrow (→) . . . 12 \textthornvariii (R) . . . . . \textrtaild (ã) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textthornvari (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 9. .. . 17 \textvertline (Š) . . 11 \textturnscu ({) . . 97 \textSFxi ( ) . . . . . .. 97 \textupfullarrow (˘) . 16 \textsurd (√) . . . . . .. . . . . . 12 \textthornvariv (S) . \textrtailr (ó) . . 97 \textshade ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . \textscb (à) . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textturnscripta (6) . . . . . ... . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxxi ( ) . . . . . . . 117 \texttslig (ţ) . . . . . . . \textsection (§) . . 16 \textsubwedge (a) . . . . . . . . . .. .. . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textturnw (û) . . \textseagull (a ￿) . 15 \textsubrightarrow (¯) . . . . . . \textrtblock ( ) . . . . \textrquill (￿) . . .. . . . . 97 \textSFxxii ( ) . . . . 116 \textuncrfemale (8) . 11 \textturnm (W) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxxxvi ( ) . . . . . . 12 \textvibyy (ů) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 \textunderscore ( ) .. . . 12 \textsubring (a) . . . . . 9. .. . . . . . . . . . . . \textscriptg (g) . . . . 97 \textsixoldstyle (￿) . 15 \textsubdot (a) ˆ . . . . . 97 \textSFxxxviii ( ) . 15 \textsubtilde (a) . . . . . 12 160 . . . .. . \textSFiii ( ) . . . . 16 \textvbaraccent ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 11 \textupstep (Ţ) . . 14 \texttheta (T) . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFxxiii ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . .\textrevscr (z) . . . . . . 11 \textteshlig ( ) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . 12 \textupsilon (U) . . . . . 97 \textSFxxiv ( ) . . . . 97 \textSFxlviii ( ) . . . \textscn (ð) . . \textsca (À) . . . . . \textscp (x) . \textscy (Y) . . .. . . . . \textscripta (A) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . \textschwa (@) . .. . . 97 \textSFvi ( ) . . 12 \textturnv (2) . . . . . . . . . 11 \textturna (5) . . . \textrhookrevepsilon (Ç) \textrhookschwa (Ä) . . . . . \textscoelig (Œ) . . . . . 12 \textsubgrave (a) . . . . . . . . . 11 \textthing (￿) . . . 97 \textSFxxvii ( ) . . .. ¯ \textroundcap (“ a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 20 \textsoftsign (ž) . 97 \textSFliv ( ) . . . . . . \textscu (Ú) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 97 \textSFviii ( ) . . . . 11 \texttwelveudash (￿) . . . . . \textscomega (ś) . . . . 97 \textSFxlvii ( ) . 97 \textSFix ( ) . 67. . \textscj (ĺ) . . . . . \textSFii ( ) . . . 11 \textturnmrleg (î) . . .. . . . 106. . .

11. . . . . . . 44 \twoheadnearrow (￿) . . . . 30 \thicksim (∼) . . . . . . . . . . . . \udesc ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 116 \textyogh (Z) . 13 \thorn ( ) . . . . . . . . 91. . 100. . 35 \Tsteel (œ) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . 94 \TriangleUp ( ) . . 79 \triangleleft ( ) . . . 22 \triangleleft (◁) . 107. . . . . . . 53 \ulcorner (￿) . . . . . . 13 \thorn ( ) . . . . . 39. . 100 Type 1 (font) . . . . . . 95 . . . . . . . \UB (< ) . . 65. . . . .. . 17 transliteration symbols . . . . 73 \tststile ( \tsttstile ( ) . . . . 118 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 88 txfonts (package) . . . . . . . . 95 \tsdtstile ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . . 52 \topbot (⊥ ￿) . 9 \textwon (￿) . . . . . . 119. . . . . . H` an Th´ ˆ e . . . . . 52. . . . . . . . . . . . 59 \Tumbler (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \U (˘) . . . . . 107 \therefore ( ) . . . . . \udotdot (￿) . . . 40 \triangleq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 35 \tsmb ( ) . . . 120 \tsbm ( ) . 35 . . . 112 117. . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . . . . . . 10 . 40 \trianglelefteq (￿) . . . . . see tilde \twoheaddownarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . 115 extensible . 14–17. . . . . . . . . . . . 55 \ulrcorner (￿) . . . . . . . . 25 \third ( ) . . . . . . . . . 18. . . . . 119 \triangle (￿) . . . 33 \triplesmile (￿) . . . . . . . 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \twoheadsearrow (￿) . . . . . 90 \tone . . . . . . . . 40 \trianglelefteqslant (￿) . 44 \twoheadrightarrow (￿) . . . . . 40 \trianglelefteq ( ) . . . . . . . . 64 . . . . . . 115 \tilde (˜) . . . . .fd (file) . . . . . see check marks tilde 9. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. . . 40 triangle relations . . . 41 \twoheadrightarrow (￿) . . . . . . 14. . 91 \textyen (¥) . . 68. . 48. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 \thickapprox (≈) . . . . . . 66 thirty-second note . . . . . . . 91 \thinstar (￿) . . . 66 \triangledown (▽) . . . . . . 119. . . . . . 101 \TriangleDown ( ) . . . 120 tipx (package) . . . . 61. . . . 90 turnstile (package) . . . . . . . 35 ) . . . \ubar (u) . . . . 39. . 91 \Theta (Θ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . . 72 . . 44 \twoheadnwarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . 13 \thorn (þ) . . . . . . . . 64 . 24 . . . 105. . . 89 . . . . . . . . . 35 \ttdtstile ( \ttststile ( \tttstile ( \ttttstile ( ) ) . . 92 \timelimit (T) . . . 107 \tildel ( ) . . . . . . 50 \thetaup (θ) . . . 95 . . . 57. \ubarbbrevis (ε) \ubarbrevis (δ) . . . . 40 \trianglerighteq ( ) . . . . . . 57. 50 \theta (θ) . . . . . . 55 thin space . see \rightarrow \ToBottom (½) . 102 timing (package) . 116 \th (þ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \textwynn (￿) . . . . . 95 111. . . . . . . 24. . . 13 time of day . . . . . 66. . . . 14 \textzerooldstyle (￿) . . \udtimes (￿) . . . . . . . . . 51. . . . . . 73. . . . . . . 61 vertically centered . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \twonotes (￿) . 63 \TransformVert ( ) . . . see \texttrademark \TransformHoriz ( ) . . . 22 \times (×) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30. . . . . 17 .. . . 35 \tnststile ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . see musical symbols \Thorn (Þ) . . . . . 44 \twoheadswarrow (￿) . . 41. . . . . . . . . . . 70 tipa (package) 11. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 113 \ThinFog ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 32 torus ( ) . . . . . . . 79 \TriangleUp ( vs. . . . 35. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. 18. 35 ) . . . 119. 90 trademark . . \ulcorner (￿) . . . . . 50–52. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 \TriangleLeft ( ) . . 89 umlaut (¨ a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . 57 \triplefrown (￿) . . 59. 41 \twoheadleftarrow (￿) . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . 43 \twoheadleftarrow (￿) . . . . 80 \triple . 12. . . . 65 \triangle (△) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 . . . . 95 \tsststile ( ) . . . . . . . see accents trfsigns (package) 36. . . . 31. math \ToTop (¼) . . . . . \UArrow ( ↑ ) . . . 40 \TriangleDown ( ) . . . \udot ( ) . . . 50 \thething (￿) . . . . . 107 \topdoteq ( ) . . . . . . . .. . . 10. . . . 53 . . . . . 40 \trianglerighteq (￿) . . . . . . 14 transpose . . . . . 55 \ullcorner (￿) . . . . . . . . 12 \textyogh ( ) . . . . .. . . . . . . 35 \tnttstile ( ) . . 39 \trianglelefteq (￿) . . 115. see alphabets.\textvisiblespace ( ) . . . . . . . . 59. . . . . . . 40 \TriangleRight ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 44 \twoheaduparrow (￿) . . . . . 104 tick . . . . . . . . . . see \textperthousand ∼ \threesim (∼ ∼) . . . 120 \tndtstile ( ) . . \u (˘ a) . . 79–80. . . . ucs (package) . . . . . . \UHORN (Ư) . . . . 40 \trianglerighteqslant (￿) 40 triangles . . . . 119 \Umd (￿ a) . . . . 21. . . .. . . 103. . 20. . . 40 \triangleright (￿) . 112 U \U (a) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101 \TriangleUp ( ) . . 36. . . . . . . . . . . 35 \TTsteel (š) . . . . 36 transforms . . . . . . . . 10. 95 \tsmm ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12. . 120 type1cm (package) . . . \udots (￿) . . . 20 \TH (Þ) . . . . . . 48. . . 42. . . . . . . 39 \trianglerighteq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 48 trsym (package) . . . . . 39. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18. . . . . . . . . . 63. 78 twiddle . . . 10 . . . . . see accents 161 . . . . . . . 55 ulsy (package) . 23 . . . . . 24. 64 \therefore (∴) . . 35 \to . . . 40 \triangleleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . 12 \top (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 105 \top (￿) . . . 22 \triangleright (▷) . . . 27. . . . 95 . . . . \ubarsbrevis (φ) \ubrevislonga (κ) ubulb. . . . . \ulcorner ( ) . . . . 13 thousandths . . 35 ) . . . . . . 73 TUGboat . 35 \tntstile ( ) . . . . 15–16. . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21–23. . . . . . . . . . 116 Th` anh. 79 \triangleright ( ) . . . . 79 \TriangleDown ( vs. . . . . . . 80 \triangledown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 64 \Thermo . . . . 12 \textxswdown (￿) . . . . 36 transliteration semitic . . . . 103. . . . . . . 120 \TwelweStar ( ) . \uhorn (ư) . . . . . . 102. . . . . . 91 \textxswup (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 48 \triplesim (￿) . see \pitchfork trema (¨ a) . . . . . 40 \triangleeq (￿) . 30 \thickvert ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 Times Roman (font) . . . . . . . . . 36–38. . . . . . . 14 . . . . . . 39 \triangleq (￿) . . 22 transversal intersection . . . . . . . . . . 36.. . 93 \times (×) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 . . . . 66. . 32 \therefore (∴) . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . . 90. . . . 23 \uplus (￿) . . . . . . . 51 upgreek (package) . . . . \varclub (￿) . . .. . . . . . 51 \upeta (η) . . . . . . . 47 \underleftrightarrow (← →) 59 underline . . 33 \upmu (µ) . .unary operators \unclear (k) . . . . see \cup unit disk ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . \upvarepsilon (ε) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \Updelta (∆) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ￿ \underbrace (￿￿￿￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 units (package) . . . . . . . . . . 18 \undergroup ( ) . . . . \uptodownarrow ( ) \upuparrows ( ) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . \upvartheta (ϑ) . \upt ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51. . . . . . \varangle (￿) . . . . . . 51 upright Greek letters . 8 ushort (package) . . 46 \upharpoonleft ( ) . . . . . .. . . . \upY (￿) . . . . . . . . \urcorner ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 55 162 . . . . . . . . . 109 \upchi (χ) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 50 50 50 25 47 18 51 64 51 51 42 42 41 44 43 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 51 33 33 51 51 24 51 71 71 71 53 53 url (package) . . . . . . . . . . 44 \uparrowtail (￿) . . . . . \uptheta (θ) . . 72 \usepackage . . . . . . . . 18 underscore . 40 \unrhd (￿) . 120 \upharpoonccw (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . 42 \updownarrows (￿) . \upvarrho (ρ) . . . . 9 \underset . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . \upspoon (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \upuparrows (￿) . 41. \upvarphi (ϕ) . 41 \upiota (ι) . . 109 \underdots ( ) . \upxi (ξ) . . . .. . . . . 18 \upparenthfill . . 16 . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . ... . 23 \unlhd (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \uppsi (ψ) . . . . . . 41 \upharpoonright ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \Updownarrow (￿) . . . . . . .. . . . \upsilonup (υ) . . . . . . . \upvdash (⊥) . . 90. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Uptheta (Θ) . . . . 44 \updownarrows ( ) . 14 13 66 22 91 67 66 87 22 \urcorner (￿) . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 120 \undertilde ( ) . . .. . . . . . . 119. . 41. 43 \updownharpoons (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 43 \upharpoonright (￿) . . . . . 51 \upphi (φ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 117 \utilde ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \Uppsi (Ψ) . . . . . 61 \underline ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 18 \underwedge ( ) . . . . . . . . . 51 \UParrow (￿) . . .. . . \uptau (τ) . . . . 21. 8. . 51 upquote (package) . . . . . . \Uranus ( ) . . \upvarpi (ϖ) . . . . .. . . . . . see underline underscore (package) . . . 121 \ushort ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \upupsilon (υ) . 51 \Uppi (Π) . . . . \vara ( ) . . 33 \upfree (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \Upomega (Ω) . . . . . .. . . . 60 . . . . . . . 61 ￿ \utimes (￿) . . . . . . . 117. 46 \upharpooncw (￿) . . . 120 \unlhd (￿) . . . . 33 \upmodels (￿) . . . \Uranus (Ç) . . . .. . . 97. . \upVdash (￿) . 23 \unrhd (￿) . . . . . . 51 \upfilledspoon (￿) . . . . . . 118 UTF-8 utf8x (inputenc package option) . . . . math \unitedpawns (u) . . . . . . . . . . . . 103 \Upsigma (Σ) . . . 61. . . . . . . . \underarc (a ) . . . . . . . 117–118 union . 18 Unicode . . . . . \underaccent . . see alphabets. . . . . . . . 43 \upharpoonleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \varbigcirc (￿) \VarClock ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 119. . . . . . 24. . . . . 60 \undergroup ( ) . . . . . . 18. . . . . . . . . 51 \updelta (δ) . . . . . . . . 115 \US (￿) . . . . . . . 47 \underleftharpdown (￿) . 22 \uplus (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22. . . . . . . . . 60 \underbrace ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ￿￿ \underleftarrow (← −) . . . . . . . . .. 114 upside-down symbols 11–13. . . . . . . . . 80. . . . . 61 \ushortdw ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 47 \underring ( ) . . . . . . 59 \underlinesegment ( ) . . 54 \updownarrow (↕) . \upslice (￿) . . . . . \upzeta (ζ) . . . . 51 \upbracketfill . . . 51 \Upsilon (Υ) .. . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 30 V \v (ˇ a) . . . . . . . 60 \underbrace (￿￿￿￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \upupharpoons ( ) \Upupsilon (Υ) . . . . . . . .. . . 51 \Uplambda (Λ) . . . . 39. . . . 61 \ut (a) . . . . 40 \upalpha (α) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 39. . . . . . . . . 108. . . . . 109 \Upphi (Φ) . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . \upsilon (υ ) . . 120 universal (package) 75. . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . see alphabets. . . .. . 24 Utopia (font) . . . 33 \updownline (∣) . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ \underarch (a) \underbrace ( . \varcurlyvee (￿) . 22. . 44 \updownarrow (￿) . . . \varclubsuit (￿) \varcoppa (￿) . . . . . . . 59 \underleftharp (￿) . . . . 51 \uppi (π) . . . \upuparrows (⇑) . 47 \upfootline (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 67 unity ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ) . . \upvarsigma (σ) . 44 \upModels (￿) .. .. . . . . . . . . 88 \Uparrow (⇑) . . \uptherefore (∴) . .. . . . . . . . . . . 51 \upsigma (σ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 50. . . . . . . . . 59. . . . . 16 \upbeta (β) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 115 \uprho (ρ) . . . 80. . . 51 \upomega (ω) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 . . . . 16 \uplsquigarrow (￿) . . 44 \upbar . . \urcorner (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Upxi (Ξ) . . . . 59 \underbracket ( ) \underbracket ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 \upepsilon (ε) . . . . 44 upside-down symbols . . . 51 \upgamma (γ) . . . . . . . . 51 \uprsquigarrow (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . \uranus (￿) . . . . . . 44 \uplus ( ) . . 24 \utimes (￿) . . . . . . . . . math universa (package) . . . 54. 119. . . . . .. 47 \underrightharpdown (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 ￿ \underparenthesis (￿￿) 108. . . . . . 41. 51 \uplett . . . . . . . 77. . . . . . . 104 undertilde (package) 61. . . . . 17. . 59 \underrightharp (￿) . . 93 107 . 54 \Updownarrow (￿) . . . . . .. 51 \upkappa (κ) . . . . . . 51 \uppitchfork (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 \underrightarrow (− →) . . . . . . . . . . . . . 16 ˜ . . . . . . 100 \uparrow (↑) . . . . 17 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 61 \ushortw ( ) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 51 \upnu (ν) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 41. . . . . . . . . . . . . 46 \Updownline (∥) . . . . . . . 51 \upp ( ) . 33 \Upgamma (Γ) . . 54 \Uparrow (⇑) . . . 47 \uppropto (￿) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . 44 \updownharpoonleftright (￿) 46 \updownharpoonrightleft (￿) 46 \updownharpoons ( ) . . . . 44 \uparrow (↑) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . 24 \upmapsto (￿) . . . . . . 51 \uplambda (λ) . . . . . . 9. . . . . .

. \varsigma (ς ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \VvDash (￿) .. . . \Venus ( ) . . 66 . . . 66 \varnothing (￿) . . . \VarSummit ( ) . . . . .. \vert (|) . . \varphi (ϕ) . . . . . . . . . . . 66 \varheart (♥) . . \vartriangle (△) . . . . 67 \vardiamondsuit (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ \varprod ( ) . 66 \varnotin ( ) . . . \vDash ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . \vartriangle (￿) . . 91 \vin ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . ← − \varpropto (∝) . 22 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 163 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 27 ￿ \varoiiintctrclockwise ( ) . . . . . . . 66 \varEarth ( ) . . \veebar ( ) . . . \varsupsetneqq (￿) . . 52 \varnotowner ( ) . . \vdash (￿) . . . . . . 66 \varhexagon (￿) . . . . . ￿ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \varogreaterthan (￿) ￿ . . . . . . . . . \virgo (￿) . . . . . . . . . . \varprojlim (lim) . . . \varspadesuit (￿) . 89 71 71 89 14 13 13 95 95 97 72 61 31 32 30 33 55 W \WashCotton (‰) . . 54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \varopeno ( ) . . . . . . . . . ... . . . . . \varsubsetneq (￿) . . . . . . 22 \varoiiintclockwise ( ) . . \varrhoup (￿) .. . . \vartimes (￿) . . . . . . . \vec (￿) . . . . \varpartialdiff (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \VBar ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 54. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 varg (txfonts/pxfonts package option) . . vntex (package) \vod (v) . . . . 24 . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . .\varcurlywedge (￿) .. . 34 . . . . . . \veebar (￿) . . . . 50 \varepsilonup (ε) . 26 \various (R) . . . . . . . . \venus (♀) . .. . . . . \varphiup (ϕ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \vee (∨) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \varrho (￿) . \varvarrho (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . ￿ . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 \varinjlim (lim) . . . . . . 51 . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 50 ... . \Vvdash (￿) . . . . . . . . \varsupsetneq (￿) . . . . . .) . . . . . \vcenter . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \varodot (￿) . . . \VM (>) . . . . . . 28 \varolessthan (￿) . . . . . . 71 \varepsilon (ε) . . . . . . . \varthetaup (ϑ) . . . 56 . . . . . . . 22 \varobslash (￿) . . . . . . \Vectorarrow (p) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . \varsubsetneq ( ) . . . 91 \varnothing (∅) .. . . . . . . . . . 22 \varocircle (￿) . . . . . . \varsubsetneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . 40 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \varsupsetneq (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. . . . . \vartriangleleft ( ) \vartriangleleft (￿) \vartriangleleft (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . \vee (∨) . . . . . . .. . \varsupsetneqq ( ) . . . 67 \varheartsuit (￿) . . . . . \varsigmaup (ς) . . . \vdotdot (∶) . . . . 22 \varomega ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . \vcentcolon (:) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \varsubsetneqq ( ) . . . . . . . . . . \varpi (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Virgo (å) . . . . . . . . 50 \varleq ( ) . . . . . . .. . . . versicle ￿ ( ) . . . . . . . ˚ \voicedh ( ) . . 90 \WashSynthetics (Š) . . . . . \varstigma (￿) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 33 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 38 \varliminf (lim) . . . . \Vvdash (￿) . . . \vdots (. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 . . . . \Vier (ˇ “ ) . . . . . . . . . \vpppm ¯ (˙) . . . \Vdash ( ) . . . . . . 65. 13 \varominus (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . see \overline . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \varg (￿) . . . 70 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 89 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \Vdash (￿) . . . . . \varpropto (∝) . . . . . . . \VHF (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 78 \varhexstar (￿) . . . . \veedoublebar ( ) . . vietnam (package) \ViPa (> ) . . . . \Vert (￿) . 28 \varoiintclockwise ( ) . . . . . . 24. 39 39. . . 50 \VarFlag ( ) . 22 \varoslash (￿) . 51 . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 52 \varoast (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \vardiamond (♦) . . . 33 32 30 33 32 30 33 30 33 64 63 64 58 57 67 67 23 22 24 23 22 24 23 71 71 71 71 118 \VERT (￿ ￿) .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 22 \varobar (￿) . \varspade (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \varrho (￿) . .. . . . . 79 . . . . . 50 . . 31 53 50 50 50 51 50 28 49 30 33 90 50 51 50 50 50 67 66 37 37 37 37 23 87 37 36 37 37 36 37 91 37 36 37 37 36 37 \VDash (￿) . . . . . \varsupsetneq ( ) . . \varvarpi (￿) . . 22 \varotimes (￿) . . 13 variable-sized symbols . .. . . \varsupsetneqq (￿) . . 49 \varlimsup (lim) . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . 51 \varg ( ) . . . . . . . . .. \VDash ( ) . . . . 40 . . . . 40 . \vary (￿) . . . 26 \varointclockwise ( ) . . . . . . 21. . \Vdash (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . 51 . . . .. . . . . . . . . 77 \vari ( ) . \vDash (￿) . . . . . . . . . \vv ( #») . . 102 \VarIceMountain ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . 24 .. . . 22 \varovee (￿) . \vernal (￿) . . \varQ ( ) . . 100. . . . . . .. . . . 28 \varointctrclockwise ( ) . . . . . . . . .. 49 \varmathbb . . . . . . . . . . \vec (￿ ) . . \varsubsetneq (￿) . . .. 51 . . \vdots (⋮) . . . . . . . . . . . 24 . \veedot (￿) . . . . . 22 \varowedge (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 40 . 51 . 57 . . . . . . . . . . 22 \varparallel (∥) . . . . . . 25–30. . . . . \vvvert ( ) . . . . . . . . . 32 \Village ( ) . . . \vdash (￿) . . . . . 28 ￿ \varoiintctrclockwise ( ) 28 ￿ \varoint ( ) . . . . .. . .. . ￿ . \vrule ¯ . . . \vbipropto (￿) . \vertbowtie (￿) \vertdiv (￿) . . . . \vppm ( ˙ ) .. . . . . . . . \Venus (Ã) . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . \vDash (￿) . . . . 28 fl \varointctrclockwise ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13 \vargeq ( ) . . . . \varpiup (￿) . . . . 93 \varkappa (κ ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 31 \varparallelinv (￿) . . . . . . . . . . 10. . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \vartriangleright ( ) \vartriangleright (￿) \vartriangleright (￿) \varv (￿) . . . . . \Vectorarrowhigh (P) \vee ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \varsqsubsetneq ( ) \varsqsubsetneqq ( ) \varsqsupsetneq ( ) \varsqsupsetneqq ( ) \varstar ( ) . . . . . . . . . 68 \VarMountain ( ) . . 49 → ￿ − \varint ( ) . 28 ! \varoiint ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . \varw (￿) . . . . . 53 vinculum . 119 \VarTaschenuhr ( ) . . 39 39. . . . . . 104 . . . . . . . . 38 \varhash ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . \varpi (￿) . . 13 \varoplus (￿) . . 28 ff \varointclockwise ( ) ￿. \vcrossing (￿) . . \VT (￿) . . . . . \vartheta (ϑ) . \Vvdash ( ) . . . . . . . . \varsubsetneqq (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

. . . . . . . 90 wsuipa (package) 13. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 73. . 68 77 80 50 50 71 71 ) . . 120 \wupperhand (c) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 90 \wasylozenge (◊) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 107. . . . . \WhiteQueenOnBlack (L) \WhiteQueenOnWhite (Q) \WhiteRookOnBlack (S) . . . . 93 \withattack (A) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 106 Y \Ydown (￿) . . . ... 77. . 24 \wreath (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 56 \wbetter (f) . . . . . . . . . . . \xtwoheadleftarrow (￿ − − −) 63 . . 13 \Yright (￿) . . . . 62 \xLongleftrightarrow (⇐=⇒) . . . 93 \withidea (E) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 109 \widearc (￿ ) . . . . . . 90 won . . . . 90 \Yleft (￿) . . 62 . . 60 \widebar ( ) . . . . 93 \weakpt (J) . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. 93 X \x ( ) . . . . 60 \wideparen ( ) . . . . . . . . . . 81. . . . . 22. . . . . . . . 13. . . .. . . . . 89 164 . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . zodiacal symbols . . . . . . . \zeta (ζ ) . . . \wedge (∧) . . . . . . . . . 22 . . . . . . . . . 118 .. . Weierstrass ℘ function \wfermion ( ) . . . . . . 62 \xrightarrow (− →) . . . . 93 \withinit (C) . . . . . . 117 \xRightarrow (= ⇒) . 36–38. \wedge ( ) . . . . . \Zodiac . .. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 24 see \wp . . . . . . . . . . . 36 \zugzwang (D) . . . 64–66. \Wheelchair (w) . \whistle (a ) . . . . . . . . . 31. . . . . . . 115 \with (&) . . . . . . . \WhiteKingOnBlack (J) . . 59. . . . . . . . . . . . 88 \wasypropto (￿) . 60 \widetilde (￿) . . . 62 . . . 90 \wp (℘) . . . . . 74 . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . 61 \xleftharpoondown (￿ −) . . . . . . . . . . . . 107. . . . . . . .. . 22 Z Zapf Chancery (font) Zapf Dingbats (font) \Zborder ( ) . . . 95 . \zetaup (ζ) . . . . . . . \widering (˚ Û) . 16 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 94 \wideparen ( ￿) \wideparen (￿) \wideparen (Û) \widering (˚) . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23 . . . . . . 30. . . . . . . . . . \WhiteKingOnWhite (K) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 . . . . . . . . . . 26. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . 52 \wr (￿) . . 24 \with (v) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 \xlongrightarrow (−→) . . . . . . . . . . . 62 \xmapsto (￿− →) . . . . . . . 90 77 77 77 91 91 \xtwoheadrightarrow (− − − ￿) 63 X Y-pic . . . . . . . . . . 24 wreath product . . . . . 31 wasysym (package) . . . . . \WhiteBishopOnBlack ( . . . . . . . . . . . \WhitePawnOnWhite (P) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 63 \xlongequal (= = =) . . 41. . . . 120 yhmath (package) 58. . . . . . . 93 \wdecisive (h) . . . . . . . . . . . 93 \ZwPa ( A ) . . . 90 Windows® . . . 93 \WeakRain ( ) . \Ztransf ( . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 weather symbols . . . 22 Yu. \whfermion ( ) . . . .. . . . . . . 60 \widecheck ( ) . . . 89 \ztransf ( ) . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 71. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 93 \wn (?) . . . . . . . . . . . . 65 . . . . 59 \widetilde (̃) . . . . . . . \xi (ξ ) . . . . .\WashWool (‹) ... \WhiteRookOnWhite (R) . 62 \xleftarrow (← −) . . 36 ￿ −) . . . . . . . . . . . . . \widering (˚ ￿) . . . . . . . Billy . . . 22 \wr (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 \xlongleftarrow (←− −) . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . 62 94 \whitestone . . . 64. . 59 \wind . . . . . \xLeftarrow (⇐ =) . . . . . . . . . . . . xfrac (package) \xLongrightarrow (= =⇒) . . . . . . 61 \xrightharpoondown (− ￿) . . 60 \widehat (̂) . 108 \Yup (￿) . .. . . . . 101. . . 61 \widetriangle (Ê) . . 120 \wasytherefore (∴) . . . . . . . . 77. . . 20. . . . . . . . . . . . . 94 whole note see musical symbols Wick contractions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . \XBox Xdvi . . . . . . 62 ￿ \xrightleftharpoons (− ￿ −) . . . . . . . Ţ . . . . 51 \wp (℘) . . 18. . . . . 103. . . 103 . . . . 59. . . . . . . . 90 \Womanface (þ) . . . .. . . . 62 \xmapsto (￿− →) . 62 \xleftrightharpoons (− ￿ \xlongequal (= = =) . . . . 62 A) \WhiteBishopOnWhite (B) \WhiteEmptySquare (0) . . 70. . . . . . . . . . 62 50 50 50 . . 24 . 60 60 59 60 60 \xLongleftarrow (⇐=) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 59 \wideOarc (￿ ) . . \XSolid ( ) . . . . . . 62 Xs . . 22 \yogh ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 91 window . . . . 119 \Yinyang (Y) . . . \wedgedot (￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 . . . . . . \WhiteKnightOnBlack (M) \WhiteKnightOnWhite (N) \WhitePawnOnBlack (O) . . . 62 \Zwdr (ˇ “* ) . . . . . . . . 62 \xhookrightarrow (￿− →) \Xi (Ξ) . . 18. . see \textwon world . . 64 wavy-line delimiters . . . 91 \WeakRainCloud ( ) . . 88. . . . . . . 119. . . . . . . . . . . \XSolidBold ( ) \XSolidBrush ( ) \xswordsdown (￿) \xswordsup (￿) . . . 101. . 62 \xrightharpoonup (− ￿) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 60 . 67 \xhookleftarrow (← −￿) . . . . . . . . . . \xiup (ξ) . A XEL TEX . . . . 78. . . . 90 . . . . .. . . . 60 \widehat (￿) . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . 62 \xLeftrightarrow (⇐ ⇒) \xLeftrightarrow (⇐ ⇒) \xleftrightarrow (← →) \xleftrightarrow (← →) \xleftharpoonup (￿ −) . . . . 60 \widearrow ( ) . . . . . . . . . . . . 62 . 13 \yogh ( ) . . . . . . . . . 91 \Wecker ( ) . . . . . . . . . . see \wr \Writinghand (b) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 23. 63 XML . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21 woman . . . . . . 22 yen . . . . . . \x (˙˙) . . \wedge (∧) . . . . . ˙˙ (￿) . 69. . . . . . . . . . . . 62 \xlongleftrightarrow (←− −→) . . see \textyen yfonts (package) 68. . . . . 61. 77 47. . . 62 − ￿ \xrightleftharpoons (￿ −) . . . 74 . . . . . .. 119. . . . 55. . . . . . . . .. . . . .. . . . 93 \without (w) . . . . 75. . . . . 16. .

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