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FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from FAMAS F1) The FAMAS (French: Fusil d'Assaut de la M anufacture d'Armes de Saint-tienne or "Assault rifle from the Saint-tienne weapon factory") is a bullpupstyled assault rifle designed and manufactured in France by MAS located in Saint-tienne, which is now a member of the French government-owned Nexter group. It is the service rifle of the French military. FAMAS

1 History 1.1 FAMAS G2 1.2 MAS .223 1.3 FAMAS Infanterie 2 Design details 2.1 Action 2.2 Ergonomics 2.3 Ammunition 3 Service 3.1 Users 4 Future replacement 5 Sources and references 6 External links 6.1 Manual

Type Place of origin In service Used by Wars

Assault rifle France

Service history
1981present See Users 1982 Lebanon War[1] ChadianLibyan conflict[1] Gulf War[2] Bosnian War Afghanistan war Operation Serval Syrian civil war

The first French bullpup rifles were developed between 1946 and 1950 at the AME (Atelier Mcanique de Mulhouse) and MAS, testing rounds such as .30 US Carbine, 7.92x33mm Kurz, 7.65x38mm (Made by Cartoucherie de Valence) and some other intermediate calibers[citation needed ]. Since France was engaged in the First Indochina War at the time, and was also the secondlargest contributor to NATO, the budgets for new types of weapons were reduced and priority was given to the modernisation and production of existing service weapons. Nevertheless, approximately forty different prototypes were developed between 1952 and 1962, most of which were

Production history
Designer Designed Manufacturer Unit cost Paul Tellie[3] 19671971 Nexter F1: 1500 G2: 3000 Produced Number built 19752000 F1: 400 000


FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

designed for the 7.62x51mm NATO round notably the FAMAS Type 62 (the bayonet of which is used on the FAMAS). However the round was not found to be suitable for any bullpup designs, and consequently, none were adopted, and the ideas were set aside.[4][5][6][7] MAS then began to manufacture under licence the H&K G3 and the H&K 33 in the 1960s and studies were reactivated to produce a weapon using the new .223/5.56mm round. But the idea to develop and use German weapons was out of question for many members of the French high command. General Marcel Bigeard, against the idea of using German weapons, visited the Manufacture d'Armes de Saint-tienne and asked the engineers to present him the different prototypes developed. He then chose, amongst different prototypes, what would become the FAMAS. The FAMAS project began in 1967 under the direction of Paul Tellie and the first prototype was completed in 1971, with French military evaluation of the rifle beginning in 1972.[3] When production problems delayed the general issue of the new rifles, and with the 1978 Battle of Kolwezi showing the immediate need for a more modern weapon, the French Army began searching for a temporary rifle to fill this need until the FAMAS came into full production. The H&K 33 was considered, and a batch of 1,200 examples were tested by Infantry, Airborne, Marines, Mechanised and Foreign troops, but it was ultimately turned down in favour of the SIG SG 540, built under licence by Manurhin, until enough FAMAS rifles were produced to begin general issue. The French military finally accepted the rifle in 1978 as the standard French combat weapon. After adoption, the FAMAS F1 replaced the aging MAS 49/56 rifle and MAT-49 submachine gun, and approximately 400,000 FAMAS F1 assault rifles were produced, with production now complete. The F1 had many problems and was not completely reliable. For instance, the plastic pieces broke easily and the weapon jammed on occasions because of the poor disposable magazine concept. The first magazines were supposed to be disposables, but the budget of the French army never allowed it. The F1 was followed by the G1 that included several minor improvements such as redesigned grips, and an enlarged trigger guard for utilisation with gloves, but it remained conceptual and was never actually produced.


F1 G1 G2 FAMAS Export FAMAS Civil FAMAS Commando

Weight 3.61 kg (7.96 lb) ("FAMAS F1") 3.8 kg (8.4 lb) ("FAMAS G2") Length

757 mm (29.8 in) 965 mm (38.0 in) with bayonet

Barrel length

488 mm (19.2 in) ("F1/G2") 405 mm (15.9 in) ("G2 Commando") 320 mm (12.6 in) ("G2 SMG") 620 mm (24.4 in) ("G2 Sniper")

Cartridge Action Rate of fire

5.5645mm NATO Lever-delayed blowback 9001000 rounds/min ("F1") 10001100 rounds/min ("G2")

Muzzle velocity

960 m/s (3,100 ft/s) ("F1") 925 m/s (3,030 ft/s) ("G2")



FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Effective range

300 m ("F1") 450 m ("G2")

Maximum range Feed system

3200 metres 25-round box magazine ("F1") 30-round box magazine (STANAG) ("G2") Rear aperture fitted with tritium night inserts, front post

Soldier of the 2e REI with a FAMAS during the Gulf War.


The FAMAS G2 was developed c. 1994 to bring the rifle more in compliance with NATO standards by having tighter rifling and accepting standard NATO magazines, but also included several other upgrades taken from the G1 model, such as the enlarged trigger guard and improved hand guards made of fiber glass, rather than plastics like on the F1. The French Navy purchased the FAMAS G2 in 1995, and issued it to their Fusiliers Marins and Commandos Marine. The French Army has however held off large scale purchase of the G2 to date, and the FAMAS F1 still remains the primary service rifle of the Army. Views of different versions of the FAMAS

FAMAS-G2 with bayonet as issued by French Navy

Schematics of a FAMAS F1 (top) compared to G2 (bottom). The G2 features - a larger trigger guard - a STANAG magazine - a hand guard on the receiver under the muzzle - a 1/9 rifling, instead of the 1/12 rifling of the F1

MAS .223
During the late 1980s, Century Arms imported a very small number of semi-automatic FAMAS' into the United States. However due to poor sales, production and importation ceased and the existing number are not only extremely rare but cost in the range of $8,000 with no spare parts available on the market. 3/9


FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

FAMAS Infanterie
The FAMAS Infanterie is an improvement of the FAMAS F1, obtained by retrofiting an accessory rail onto the top of the handguard. This allows mounting combat optics, most notably reflex sights or the 4x magnification SCROME J4 scope.

Design details
The FAMAS assault rifle is a bullpup configuration, with the ammunition feed behind the trigger. The receiver housing is made of a special steel alloy, and the rifle furniture is made of fiberglass. The rifle uses a lever-delayed blowback action, an action used on the AA-52 machine gun derived from the prototypes built during Army Technical Department tests having taken place between the First and Second World Wars.
Soldier of the 2e REI using FAMAS Infanterie


A schematic of the lever-delayed blowback mechanism used in the FAMAS assault rifle.

Fire mode is controlled by a selector within the trigger guard, with three settings: safe (central position), single shot (to the right), and automatic fire (to the left). Automatic fire can be in three-shot bursts (rafale) or fully automatic; this is determined by another selector, located under the housing and behind the magazine. The FAMAS G2 weighs 3.8 kg (8.38 lb). The G1 and G2 have a large, grip-length trigger-guard like a Steyr AUG to allow easy access to the trigger when wearing gloves. Both F1 and G2 models of the FAMAS feature a bipod attached to the upper hand-guard. The FAMAS-G2 and some F1 sport a "polyvalent hand-guard" which features a standard NATO accessory rail, allowing a variety of sights to be mounted, notably red dot sights and night vision units. The FAMAS features two alidades for aiming rifle grenades with several modes: direct fire at 75 or 100 metres, in anti-vehicle role indirect fire, in anti-personnel role: with the FAMAS inclined by 45, allowing fire from 120 to 340 metres with the FAMAS inclined by 74, allowing fire from 60 to 170 metres

In indirect fire mode the grenade support (more exactly named "grenade enforcement ring" in French) is moved forwards or backwards on the barrel which has markings (12/13?). This changes the position of the grenade on the barrel and automatically the

Alidade for direct fire of the APAV 40 grenade



FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

volume of the chamber in which the gas expands to push the grenade forward. Each position of the grenade support has a number which is multiplied by a certain fixed number depending on the alidade position, 45 or 75; this will accurately indicate the firing distance of the grenade.

The FAMAS F1 and G1, the original variants, were designed to use French-made 25-round magazines with 5.56x45mm cartridges. Due to the 1/12 rifling of the F1 barrel and its blowback action, ammunition must be a steel-case, French-made SS109 cartridge; using standard brasscase 5.56x45mm NATO causes overpressure and can cause malfunction.[8] The barrel of the G2 uses a 1/9 rifling, which enables it to use the SS109 or the M193 interchangeably. During training with blank ammunition, a plug is added to the muzzle of the FAMAS. This plug is necessary for automatic or semi-automatic operation, which it allows by blocking part of the gas.
FAMAS rifle, upgraded with an Aimpoint red dot sight, equipped with the blank-firing muzzle attachment and laser training hardware.

The FAMAS can use a variety of rifle grenades up to 500 grammes. Notable examples are the antipersonal APAV40 and the antitank AC58. It can also fire some hand grenades designed for this alternative purpose, notably the F2 grenade that includes a bullet trap. The FAMAS can accommodate an external grenade launcher as an add-on module under the hand guard; the US M203 grenade launcher is sometimes used.



FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. 8. 9. 10. 11. 12. 13. 14. 15. 16. 17. 18.

Rubber buttpad Removable stock Cheek rest. Can be reversed for right or left-handed shooter. Mobile assembly and ejection port Pins Bipod Handguard Charging Handle Grenade launcher sight Grenade support Muzzle brake/22 mm rifle grenade launcher Barrel Fire control selector: Safety, semi-automatic, automatic Trigger Magazine release Magazine block (safety device) Serial number (right): 3-round burst or full automatic selector (left): Sling ring

The FAMAS first saw service in Chad during Operation Manta and again in desert operations in Kuwait during Operation Desert Storm and in other various peacekeeping missions. Officially, operational conditions proved the weapon to be reliable and trustworthy under combat conditions. The FAMAS is affectionately known as le Clairon ("the Bugle") because of its shape by French-speaking troops. An improved version of the FAMAS G2 is integrated in the Flin system.



FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Senegal and the United Arab Emirates received a small number of FAMAS F1 rifles from France,[9] though it was unknown when they received them. Djibouti uses this weapon in its military as the standard infantry weapon. The Philippines also received a limited number and is used by the Philippine National Police Special Action Force.[10]

Djibouti[11] FAMAS G2 Flin France: Used by the French Armed Forces since 1979, with over 700,000 rifles purchased.[2] Also used by several law enforcement agencies such as the Gendarmerie Nationale.[2] Free Syrian Army Fighters have acquired Famas F1 rifles.[12] Gabon[9] Indonesia: Komando Pasukan Katak (KOPASKA) tactical diver group and Komando Pasukan Khusus (Kopassus) special forces group.[13] Iraq: Used by Iraqi Army.[citation needed ] Lebanon[11] Papua New Guinea[14][15] Philippines: Philippine National Police.[citation needed ] Senegal[9] Serbia: Used by the police special forces unit PTJ (Counter-Terrorist Unit), and formerly used by JSO (Special Operations Unit).[citation needed ] Tunisia: Used by the Tunisian Presidential Guard.[citation needed ] United Arab Emirates[1]

Future replacement
The FAMAS has several design flaws. Key among these are that its rifling cannot accurately stabilize modern rounds and its blowback operation is so strong it can tear apart standard 5.56mm NATO brass cases. This forced the French to use non-standard steel cased ammo. In 2011, the French CEMAT (Chef d'Etat Major de l'Arme de Terre / Chief of Staff of the Army) announced that the French Army would issue a RfP (Request for Proposals) for a rifle to replace the FAMAS in 2013.[16] One weapon submitted is the F90 assault rifle.[17]

Sources and references

1. ^ a b c Bishop, Chris. Guns in Combat. Chartwell Books, Inc (1998). ISBN 0-7858-0844-2. 2. ^ a b c Marchington, James (2004). The Encyclopedia of Handheld Weapons. Lewis International, Inc. ISBN 1930983-14-X. 3. ^ a b "Modern Firearms FAMAS" ( 24 January 2011. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 4. ^ 5. ^ Name *. "French MAS Type 1955" ( Forgotten Weapons. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 7/9


FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

6. ^ Name *. "French MAS Type 62" ( Forgotten Weapons. Retrieved 30 May 2011. 7. ^ "FA-MAS Type 62" ( Retrieved 30 May 2011. 8. ^ L'arme rencontre de srieuses difficults avec les munitions du fusil Famas ( 9. ^ a b c Kemp, Ian (AprilMay 2007). "Assault rifles in a 5.56 mm evolution: the fielding of new designs and the upgrade of existing weapons will ensure that 5.56 mm remains the predominant assault rifle calibre" (;col1). Armada International. Retrieved 16 April 2009. 10. ^ "Famas F-1" ( Rifles n Guns. 2 January 2007. Retrieved 10 December 2008. 11. ^ a b Jones, Richard D. Jane's Infantry Weapons 2009/2010. Jane's Information Group; 35 edition (27 January 2009). ISBN 978-0-7106-2869-5. 12. ^ video showing a FSA member carrying a FAMAS F1 rifle in Syria. ( v=I9cO5vzcnEk) 13. ^ "Kopassus & Kopaska Specijalne Postrojbe Republike Indonezije" ( (in Croatian). Hrvatski Vojnik Magazine. Retrieved 12 June 2010. 14. ^ Geeks spot French rifles in PNG coup attempt - Keith Jackson & Friends: PNG ATTITUDE ( 15. ^ "PNG's mutineers trade guns for amnesty" ( 31 January 2012. 16. ^ French Army to replace the FAMAS Rifle ( The Firearm Blog, 23 November 2011 17. ^ Thales debuts new assault rifle the F90 ( %93_the_F90/)

External links
Official Nexter FAMAS page ( option=com_content&task=category&sectionid=32&id=54&Itemid=82) Buddy Hinton FAMAS Photo Collection ( FELIN article, with FAMAS pictured as part of FELIN system ( Modern Firearms ( REMTEK ( FAMAS (

Nazarian's Gun's Recognition Guide (MANUAL) FAMAS .223 Manual (.pdf) (
Preceded by French Army rifle Fusil MAS-49 1951 present Succeeded by -

Retrieved from "" 8/9


FAMAS - Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

Categories: 5.56 mm firearms Assault rifles Bullpup rifles Delayed blowback firearms Rifles of the Cold War Weapons of France Rifles of France Nexter This page was last modified on 5 September 2013 at 03:06. Text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Wikipedia is a registered trademark of the Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., a non-profit organization.