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DESIGN OF SLAB BRIDGE

A Slab Bridge is to be designed with following data: Clear Span Clear width Live Loading 15 ft 26 ft HS 20 f'c= fc = fy = f s= n= k= j=
3000 1200 40000 20000 10.0 0.38

Wearing Surface 30 psf Concrete Strength f'c 3000 psi Yeild Strength of Steel 40000 psi By AASHTO specification, an Allowable Concrete Stress of f c = 0.40 x f'c = psi 1200 and Allowable Steel Stress of : f s= 0.50 x f y = 20000 psi

0.875

Slab Design: The effective span of the slab is assumed as : 16 ft. with a total Thickness of : Thick. = 12 in. ( For Trial purpose ) Total Dead Load per square foot 1) Self weight of slab 150 psf 2) Wearing Surface 30 psf Total (W) : 180 psf Dead Load Moment : Md = W.S2 /8 = 5760 Ib-ft The Load on one rear wheel is = 16000 Ib Width of the slab on which the load will be distributed, ( E ) = 4 + 0.06 x S = 4.96 ft The Load on a unit width of slab = P = 3226 Ib Live Load Moment = P x S / 4 The Impact Co-efficient is = I = 50 /( l + 125 ) This gives us the lmpact Moment The Total Moment due to Dead, Live & Impact effect is The Minimum required depth can be found as d (required) = (2*M/(f c*k*j*b))1/2 = = = = 12903 0.3 3871 22534 Ib-ft

Ib-ft Ib-ft

10.7 in 10.5 in 10.5 in 1.47 inch2 / ft Not Ok

(Assuming 1" clear cover) d (provided) = d (selected) = Required Main Reinforcemen > Area of steel, As = M / f s.j.d =
# 3 & spacing # 4 & spacing # 5 & spacing # 6 & spacing # 7 & spacing # 8 & spacing # 9 & spacing 1 2 3 4 5 6 8 in c/c in c/c in c/c in c/c in c/c in c/c in c/c

8 So, Provide # No of Bars req. = 2.0 furnishing Area of Steel = As

inch c/c

(furnished)

1.58 inch2 / ft

Ok

NOTE

50% of the above bars will be stopped 15 x db beyond the point at which they are no longer required

for moment or 8 inch short of the face of support. The remainder will be carried 9 inch into the support. Transverse Reinforcement : 1 Minimum (As / s

) = 2 Maximum (0.5 x As ) =
# 4 & spacing # 5 & spacing # 6 & spacing 7 10 14

0.37 inch

2 0.74 inch

in c/c in c/c in c/c inch c/c

So, Provide # 5 No of Bars req. = 1.2 furnishing Area of Steel = As

10

(furnished)

0.372 inch2 / ft

Ok

Design of Edge Beam: Required Edge beam will consist of Slab Section additinaly reinforced. Let , Width of the edge beam Depth of edge beam Dead Load carried by the edge Beam Dead Load moment Specified Live Load moment (0.10 x P20.S) Total Moment 2 The resisting moment of givensection is = M = 0.5* f c* k * j *b * d The Steel required is Area of steel required, = = = = = 24 in. 22 in. 550 17600 25600 43200 43411 Adequate Ib/ft Ib-ft Ib-ft Ib-ft Ib-ft

As (req) Number of bars 9.1 6.4 4.7 3.6 4 Bar No. -#5 -#6 -#7 -#8 -#8 bars bars bars bars bars

2.82 in

Provided

So,

Provide

3" wearing surface

2'-0" 1'-6"
# 5 @ 10

12 in

Clear span
# 8 @ 6

1'-6"

Longitudinal Section

8 @

5 @

10

3" bituminous surface crown 1.25"

2-#5

10 in. 12 in.
symetrical about CL

13

ft

24 in

Transverse Section
Fig: Details of Slab Bridge