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Spinocerebellar tracts, cuneocerebellar tract, & Spino-olivary tract

CEREBELLAR TRACTS

Spinocerebellar Tracts

Pathways to the Cerebellum


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Posterior Spinocerebellar tract Anterior Spinocerebellar tract

Posterior Spinocerebellar Tract


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Function
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Coordination of limb movements Maintenance of posture Posterolateral part of the lateral white funiculus

Location
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Posterior Spinocerebellar Tract


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First order Fibres. Axons enter the spinal cord from the posterior root ganglia.
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Axons come from receptors like.


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From muscle spindles,Golgi tendon organs and joint receptors of the trunk and lower limbs.

These fibres convey tactile, pressure, and proprioceptive information. Synapse on neurons of nucleus dorsalis of clarke.

Nucleus Dorsalis (Clarke's Nucleus)


1.This is a rounded collection of large cells. --Located on the medial surface of the base of the posterior horn from about C8 to L2 or L3. 2.It is particularly prominent at lower thoracic levels. 3.This is an important relay nucleus for the transmission of information to the cerebellum.

Posterior Spinocerebellar Tract


Second order Fibres. 1.The second order neuron of the nucleus dorsalis send their axons into the lateral funiculus of the same side. 2.This forms the posterior spinocerebellar tract.

Posterior Spinocerebellar Tract


3.It lies at the surface of the spinal cord. 4.Fibres in the tract project ipsilaterally, --To the vermis of the cerebellum through the
inferior cerebellar peduncle.

5.The posterior spinocerebellar tract is principally concerned with the ipsilateral leg.

Anterior Spinocerebellar Tract


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Function.
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Mainly concerned with movements of the limbs as whole. The trunk. The upper limbs. The lower limbs.

Receptors come from.


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Anterior Spinocerebellar Tract


First order neurons. 1.Cells in the body of the lumbosacral posterior horn, together with. -Cells on the lateral surface of the anterior horn (spinal border cells). ---Give rise to the anterior spinocerebellar tract.

Anterior Spinocerebellar Tract


2.The inputs to these tract cells are more complex than those of the posterior spinocerebellar tract. They come. ---From group I muscle afferent (mainly Golgi tendon organs), ---From a wide variety of cutaneous receptors including spinal interneurons and from fibres of descending tracts.

Anterior Spinocerebellar Tract


Second order neurons. 1.Neurons are located in the nucleus dorsalis of clarke. 2.The tract is crossed at the level of the spinal cord, in contrast to the posterior spinocerebellar tract. 3.These fibers are located on to the ventrolateral aspect of lateral white funiculus.

Anterior Spinocerebellar Tract


3.Second order neuron ascends upwards through the medulla, and the rostral pons. 4.Finally, the anterior spinocerebellar tract takes a roundabout route to the cerebellum.

Anterior Spinocerebellar Tract


5.It enters the cerebellum via the superior cerebellar peduncle. 6.Most of its fibres recross the midline before ending in the vermis of the anterior lobe.

Anterior Spinocerebellar Tract


7.Thus, the fibres of the anterior spinocerebellar tract ultimately end in the cerebellum on the ipsilateral side to their origin.

Cuneocerebellar Tract
1.Most spinocerebellar-type afferents that enter in cervical and upper thoracic segments do not project to nucleus dorsalis. 2.They travel in the fasciculus cuneatus, ---To a nucleus in the medulla, ---Analogous to nucleus dorsalis, ---Called the lateral (or external) cuneate nucleus.

Cuneocerebellar Tract
3.It is located just lateral to the nucleus cuneatus. 4.Axons of these cells form the cuneocerebellar tract. 5.They also project ipsilaterally to the vermis of the cerebellum through the inferior cerebellar peduncle.

Spino-olivary Tract
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Function.
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Conveys information to the cerebellum from cutaneous and proprioceptive organs.

Spino-olivary Tract
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First order neuron.


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Dorsal root ganglion and synapse on unknown second-order neurons.

Second order neurons.


Cross the midline and ascend upwards as the spino-olivary tract. n Axons end by synapsing on the third order neurons in the inferior olivary nucleus of the medulla oblongata.
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Spino-olivary Tract
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Third order neurons.


Located in the inferior olivary nucleus of the medulla oblongata. n Axons of the third order neurons cross the midline and enter the cerebellum the inferior cerebellar peduncle.
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