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GovernmentRegulationsfor Effluents

BYBUREAUOFINDIANSTANDARDS Lecture40
The general tolerance limits prescribed for the industrial effluent by the Bureau of Indian Standards are applicable to textile processing effluents also. These are shown in Table

Sl.No. Characteristic

Intoinland IntoPublic SurfaceWaters a Sewers b


600

OnLandfor Irrigationc
SeeNote1 200

IntoMarine Coastal
SeeNote1 (a)Forprocesswaste waters 1000 (b)Forcoolingwater effluents10percent abovetotal suspendedmatterof effluentcooling water. a)Floatble Solids, Max,3mm. b)Settleable Solids, Max,850Microns

(i)Colourandodour SeeNote1 (ii)SuspendedSolids, 100 mg/l,max

iii)Particlesizeof suspendedsolids

Shallpass850micron isSieve

iv)DissolvedSolids 2100 (inorganic),mg/l, max v)pHvalue 5.5to9.0

2100

2100

5.5to9.0

5.5to9.0

5.5to9.0

Sl.No. Characteristic
vi)Tempreture oC max

Intoinland IntoPublic SurfaceWaters Sewersb a


Shallnotexceed40 45atthepointof discharge inanysectionof thestreamwithin 15meters downstreamfrom theoutlet 20 50

OnLandfor Irrigationc

IntoMarine Coastal
45ofthepointof discharge

vii)Oilandgrease 10 mg/l,max viii)Totalresidual 1 chlorinemg/l,max 50(seenote3) ix)Ammoniacal nitrogen(asN) mg/l,max x)TotalKjeldahl nitrogen(asN) mg/l,max 100

10

20 50

100

xi)FreeAmmonia 5 (asNH3)mg/lmax

Sl.No. Characteristic

Intoinland IntoPublic SurfaceWatersa Sewersb

OnLandfor Irrigationc

IntoMarine Coastal
100(seenote2)

xii)Biochemical 30 Oxygendemand(5 daysat20oC),max

350(seenote2) 100(seenote2)

xiii)Chemical oxygendemand mg/l,max

250(seenote4)

250(seenote4)

xiv)Arsenic(asAs) 0.2 max xv)Lead(asPb) mg/lmax xvi)Cadmium(as Cd)mg/l,max 0.1

0.2

0.2

0.2

1.0

1.0

Sl.No. Intoinland IntoPublic Characteristic SurfaceWaters Sewersb a


(xvii)Hexavalent chromium(as Cr+6),mg/1,max 0.1 2

OnLandfor Irrigationc

IntoMarine Coastal
1.0

2 (xviii)Total chromium(asCr), mg/1,max (xix)Copper(as Cu)mg/1,max, (xx)Zinc(asZn), mg/1,max 3 5

3 15 3 2 60

60

3 16 5.0 2

(xxi)Nickel(asNi) 3 mg/1,max (xxii)Boronmg/1, 2 max(asB), (xxiii)Percent sodiummax(See Note5)

Sl.No. Characteristic

Intoinland IntoPublic SurfaceWaters Sewersb a

OnLandfor Irrigationc
5

IntoMarine Coastal

(xxiv)Residual sodiumcarbonate, meq/1,max (xxv)Cyanide(as 0.2 CN),mg/1,max (xxvi)Chloride(as Cl),mg/I,max 1000

0.2 1000 15

0.2 600

0.2

(xxvii)Fluoride(as 2.0 F),mg/l,max 5(SeeNote3) (xxviii)Dissolved phosphates(asP), mg/1,max (xxix)Sulphate(as 1000 S04)mg/l,max (xxx)Sulphide(as S),mg/l,max 2(SeeNote3)

1000

1000

Sl.No. Characteristic

Intoinland IntoPublic SurfaceWatersa Sewersb

OnLandfor Irrigationc

IntoMarine Coastal

(xxxi)Pesticides (SeeNote6)

Absent

Absent 5

Absent

Absent 5

5 (xxxii)Phenolic Compound(as C6H5OH),mg/1, max (xxxiii)Radioactive 107 materials;)Alpha emmitters, C/ml,max. (b)Betaemitters, C/ml,max 106

107

108

107

106

107

(a)InlandSurfaceWaters namelyrivers(includingriversliabletoseasonaldrying),pondsordepressions (naturalormanmade),estuaries,streams,lakes,impoundedreservoirs,canals,andmanmadeornatural drainsleadingtothesewaterbodies. (b)Municipalsewers. (c)Landmeantforirrigation.

Note1: Alleffortsshouldbemadetoremovecolourandunpleasantodourasfaraspracticable. Note2: Furtherrelaxationmaybedecidedbytheconcernedagencies. Note3: Ifallthesepollutantsarepresentatthemaximumpermissibleconcentration;theeffluentmay


leadtoeutrophication.Therefore,dataonecologicalchangesshouldbemonitored.

Note4: Forpaper,dyestuff,pesticideandcertainchemicalandpetrochemicalindustries,thesevalues
mayberelaxed.Wheneverthesevaluesarerelaxed,itshallbeensuredthattheeffluentpassesthetest fortoxicityasgiveninIS:65821971

Note5: Thelimitmayberelaxedupto amaximumof75bythelocalauthorities,takingintoaccountthe


natureofsoilandcrop.

Note 6: Pesticides are highly toxic. Specific limits and methods of test are being worked out separately.