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Section 4B: Applications and Implications
Check your progress 1 1. Describe how surveillance can be used by the police to solve crimes. A. The police can track someone who is suspected of having committed a crime, or who they believe is about to commit a crime. They can track where people are from their cell phone signals and can use hidden cameras to record criminal activity. They may also intercept emails and text messages. End-of-topic questions 1 1. Describe one way in which a computer system can be used to violate your privacy. A. Someone who works at a medical centre may use their access privileges to read confidential information about your health and then tell other people about it. (Note that if an employee did this and was found out they would normally lose their job.) 2. What is personal information? A. Personal information is information about living people. 3. Give one example of when surveillance could be used legally and one example of when it might be used illegally. A. Surveillance could be used legally to, for example, watch suspected drug smugglers at airports. Surveillance could be used illegally by a criminal to watch a house that they intend to burgle. 4. List two ways in which you can check whether information you have found on website is accurate. A. You could find out who or which organisation was responsible for the information and then decide whether they would know the correct information. You could also check the information against other trusted sources, such as an encyclopedia, or a reliable public website.
The person who created a book. storing inaccurate data A.Check your progress 2 1. A. State the main differences between credit card fraud and computer fraud. quote or reuse the material without their permission. electronic eavesdropping b. Computer fraud is normally carried out by someone who has legal access to data. Software piracy occurs when someone illegally copies and sells software. Software companies lose millions of potential sales because of piracy. By only giving your personal information to someone who needs to know it. 2. credit card fraud c.credit card fraud 2. to create bogus bank account. Explain how someone can protect themselves from identity theft. or knows the information printed on a credit card plus the PIN. and by shredding documents that contain personal information. 3. which means that no-one may copy. which damages the reputation of genuine software suppliers. owns the copyright to that material. Which of the following is ALWAYS a crime? a. Credit card fraud can be carried out by anyone who has access to someone else’s credit card. storing personal data d. List two reasons why software piracy is bad for the computer industry. which means that they have to increase their prices. What is software piracy? A. B . A. End-of-topic questions 2 1. 2 . They then use their privileges to alter data. 4.s etc for their own personal gain. A. What is copyright? A. a piece of music or an artwork. Pirate software often carry viruses.
word processing or desktop publishing software. word processing f. 2. Producing a fashion magazine c. word processing b. spreadsheet. but will probably include software packages for word processing (such as Microsoft Word). What are the advantages of using open source software? What are the disadvantages? A. Designing the menu for a restaurant e. spreadsheet 3 . Creating a slideshow for a talk d. Disadvantages: Open source software may not be compatible with other software applications. Keeping track of personal expenditure A. a. web design (such as Microsoft FrontPage). you can find plenty of help from the software developers and other users. graphics (Microsoft Paint or Adobe PhotoShop) End-of-topic questions 3 1. Writing a letter to a customer b. and anyone can purchase it.Check your progress 3 1. a. For each of the following tasks state whether the user should use presentation. Make a list of all the application software that you can use at school. Advantages: open source software is free. Writing up a project f. Custom-written software is created for one specific organisation so it exactly meets their needs. Lists will vary from school to school. presentation (such as Microsoft PowerPoint). database management (such as Microsoft Access). desktop publishing (such as Microsoft Publisher). What is the difference between custom-written and proprietary software? A. Proprietary software is available on the open market. Are there other applications you would like to use? A. desktop publishing c. spreadsheets (such as Microsoft Excel). word processing or desktop publishing e. presentation d. 3.
Using a television as part of your work. A. List three jobs that have disappeared and three other jobs that have been created as a result of ICT. IT trainers. A. such as within a nuclear reactor or in a collapsed building. In each case explain why the robot is preferred. Computer Aided Design and Drafting software is a graphical program that is used by engineers to design products. b. Does telecommuting mean: a. What are the advantages of using teleconferencing facilities for a business meeting instead of meeting face-to-face? A. shorthand typist. etc. hot metal typesetters. Describe a situation in which an expert system might be used. c. A robot could also be used in a factory.Working from home 4 . they can have meetings that bring together people across the world and in different time zones. Working for a telemarketing business. where it would be able to carry out detailed tasks with much greater accuracy than a human. A. 2. database managers. 2. C . This would protect humans from dangerous situations. Advantages: The participants would not have to pay to travel to a meeting place. A. Working from home. End-of-topic questions 5 1. Computer Aided Engineering software is used by engineers to both create and test a design on a computer before the product is actually made. A robot could be used in a dangerous location. etc. Describe two contexts in which a robot might be used instead of a human to do a task. 4.End-of-topic questions 4 1. Travelling to work from a long distance. they would save the time that could have been spent travelling. Three new jobs: software engineers. A. Three jobs that have disappeared: long-distance telephone operators. d. Explain the differences between CADD and CAE software. 3. A junior doctor may use an expert system to make a diagnosis.
In both cases. can use computer controlled scanning machines to diagnose a patient’s illness. An IT manager will decide on new hardware and software. A. including those that involve computers. 4. A. A database administrator is responsible for a large database. New technologies are developing all the time. ensuring that the users can access the data and programs that they need in order to work with the database. A software engineer designs the software that will be part of a new system described by the systems analyst. A web developer designs and creates a website. 3. 2. A. Describe the work done by a database administrator.3. List four of the tasks undertaken by an IT manager. will provide help for computer users. and will manage the IT finances. A. will manage the system administrators. Describe three ways in which a doctor might use ICT in their work. 4. A webmaster looks after and amends a website on a day-to-day basis. will prepare for emergencies. What are the differences between the tasks done by a systems analyst and a software engineer? A. What is the difference between a webmaster and a web developer? A. Many employees did not learn about ICT at school but find they need to use computer systems at work. can download professional documents from the Web. the employer needs to provide training for the employees so they have the right skills. A systems analyst looks at all the processes used by an organisation. Explain why training in ICT is important in the workplace. A doctor can store patient records on a database. 5 . so employees need to keep up-to-date with the latest innovations. and then plans improvements. End-of-topic questions 6 1.
B They can assess the quality of items. Even though telemarketing is possible.End-of-section questions Multiple-choice questions 1. B 4. D All of the above. A. The illegal copying and selling of software is called: A Copyright B Intellectual property C Piracy D Privacy A. C They can shop at multiple shops and compare. B 5. An example of an open source software is A Windows B Linux C Microsoft Word D Microsoft Office A. B 3. Which of the following statements is NOT true about robots? A They are faster than humans B They are easy to buy and maintain C They can do repetitive tasks D They can be used in places that are dangerous for humans A. Which of the following devices is NOT a requirement in teleconferencing? A Microphone B Sensor C Speakers D Telephone A. sometimes people prefer to go and buy from shops mainly because A They can bargain the prices. B 6 . C 2.
etc. A teacher iii. Computer Aided Engineering iii. i. Electronic eavesdropping. a. Computer Aided Designing and Drafting ii. iii. to store patient records. Industrial espionage is accessing information about a company illegally to gain a competitive edge. State the difference between telecommuting and teleconferencing. CADD ii. a. List four types of computer crime. to store movie scripts. A. State the difference between telemarketing and teleconferencing.Structured questions 1. List two ways in which computers can be helpful for the following persons: i. Telemarketing is the buying and selling of goods and services through telecommunication channels. identify theft b. CAM A. A. emails. Briefly describe any two of the crimes you identified in your answer to 1a. A movie director A. i. b. A medical doctor ii. industrial espionage. Identity theft is a form of fraud in which the criminal pretends to be someone else. to diagnose diseases ii. A. software piracy. Software piracy is illegal copying and selling of copyrighted software. Expand the following abbreviations: i. CAE iii. Electronic eavesdropping is tapping into other persons conversations. 2. while teleconferencing is having a meeting using telecommunication channels. to research on a topic. as a visual aid. Computer Aided Manufacturing 3. c. Telecommuting is working from home by access to the office computer and teleconferencing is having a meeting using telecommunication channels. A. to communicate with other directors 7 .
so if there is an error in the instructions given robots will do it repeatedly. Give one disadvantage of using robots rather than manual methods in industries. a.4. A computer technician A. List two industries in which robots are commonly used. Robots are used by many industries due to their many advantages. A database administrator ii. Suggest the most suitable computer systems for the organisation. 8 . b. set up queries/searches ii. b. State two advantages of using robots over manual methods in industries. a. c. Car manufacturing industries and chemical industries. install new hardware/software 5. c. prepare system documentation iii. List two main duties of the following computer professionals: i. They are faster than manual methods. A system analyst iii. They do not have common sense. i. Carry out day-to-day maintenance tasks. they can do repetitive tasks without any tiredness. Determine and allocate the database to different users. A.
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