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IPB Excursion Assignment

By: Stefany Rendy CS3

What is our main purpose to process cows meat?


To gain the products such as meat and milk to keep us alive.

Cows meat contains many nutrients that are needed by our body, what are the nutrients that are contained in cows meat?
Protein Zinc Vitamin B12, vitamin B6 Iron Niacin, etc.

Steps to make sausages:


Ingredients: 1000g cows meat (beef) 150g cows fat 300g tapioca flour 120g skim milk powder 400g ice cubes/ice water 39g salt 7g STTP (Sodium Tripolifospat) Cookware: Food cutter/Food Processor . Steps on how to make it: 1. Cut the cows meat into small pieces, and then grind it until smooth/small in the food cutter/food processor with salt, STTP (Sodium Tripolifospat), and half totals of the ice cubes. 2. Enter the fats, seasoning, flour and the rest of the ice cubes; grind it until the dough is ready to be processed to the next process. 3. Put the dough inside the cover (plastic) 10cm. 4. Steam the raw sausages for 45 minutes at 60 -70 . 5. The sausages are ready to be consumed/packed and saved. Cover (plastic/cattle intestine) 10g garlic 4g nutmeg 5g pepper 5g ginger 1g jinten (cumin), 7g royco 2g coriander.

These are some photos that I took when we were explained on how to make sausages

The ingredients and cookware

Cookwares

Step 1 and 2

Step 3

Step 3

Steps to make meatballs:


Ingredients: 1000g fresh meat 200g tapioca flour 10g STTP (Sodium Tripolifospat) Cookware: Food cutter/Food processor Kitchen appliance 32.5g salt 400g ice cubes 10g union, 7.5g pepper

Steps on how to make it: 1. Cut the meat into small pieces, and then grind it until smooth/small in the food cutter/food processor with salt, STTP (Sodium Tripolifospat), and half totals of the ice cubes. 2. Add the seasoning, flour, and the rest of the ice cubes, and then grind it until its mixed properly and the dough is ready to be processed to the next process. 3. Shape the meatballs into circles, and then enter it into warm water, after the meatballs have expanded, boiled it until its cooked ( 10-15 minutes). 4. Drain the cooked meatballs and ready to be consumed or packed and saved.

These are some photos that I took when we were explained on how to make meatballs:

Ingredients

Step 1

Step 2

Step 3

Step 3

Step 4

The female cows will be pregnant for 9 months. The name of the product that is produced by the female cow is called as colostrum milk. Female cows will produce 10-15 liters of milk every day.

These are the 2 types of animals that were found at Fakultas Peternakan IPB:

More characteristics of Cow: Mammals, warm blooded Herbivore, only eat plants, such as: bulrush, grasses Have 4 legs Large in size, weight: 200-400 kg etc. Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Subclass: Infraclass: Order: Family: Subfamily: Genus: Species: Animalia Chordata Mammalia Theria Eutheria Artiodactyla Bovidae Bovinae Bos B. primigenius

These are some photos of the cows that I took when we were explained about the cows:

Characteristics of Field mice: Small in size, 20-40g for female. 25-40g for male Have a short lifespan, 1.5-3 years Fast to reproduce, can reproduce up to 15 young mice. Has 4 legs Mammals.

Kingdom: Phylum: Class: Order: Family: Subfamily: Genus: Species:

Animalia Chordata Mammalia Rodentia Muridae Murinae Mus M. musculus

Why are the mice suitable for experimental testing?


Because its small in size, so its easy to be observed. The reproduction is fast, each time it can produce up to 19 young field mice. The cost for each mice needs for life is cheap, only 15g of consumption each time they eat.

Field mice has role in scientific, knowledge, and technology. What is the function of that?
As the animals for experiment of biomedical examination and education in the universities.

These are some photos that I took when we were explained about the field mice.

Types of plants that we found at Lahan Perkebunan Cikabayan: a) Guava plants b) Orange trees c) Aloe Vera d) Papaya trees e) Mango trees f) Sengon trees

How many times does Mr. Koko waters the plants in the garden?
Mr. Koko waters the plants 2 times in a day, which is at 6-9 oclock in the morning and at 4-6 oclock in the evening.

How many greenhouses are there in Kebun Cikabayan?


About 12.

a) Mr. Koko gives fertilizer to make the plants grow well. b) Glass house is a construction to cultivate plants. c) Guava and papaya reproduce by seed. d) Sengon is a type of tree to make paper. Steps on how to plant tomato:

Take the seed

Use a hoe to dig the soil

Plant the seed inside

Cover the seed with soil

Water the soil

On what age does tomato plants can be harvested?


2-3 years.

What conditions are important in planting and maintaining the plants in the glass house?
The fertilizer application The pH of the soil and temperature The amount of sun light entering the glass house/levels of light.

What are the benefits of using the glass house/green house in maintaining the plant growth?
The photosynthesis process will be easier, because the sunlights amount is controlled Allow for greater control over the growing environment of plants. Improve food production in marginal environments Keeps out several garden pests, such as: raccoons, opossums and deer that often cause troubles digging up plants, and eat it Have the opportunity to grow organically or at least know what kinds of chemicals have been used on your plants The ability to start seeds earlier in the season under a controlled environment without fear of losing a whole crop when something unexpected happens outside.