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UMTS Network UMTS Security 3G Data Speeds UMTS QoS UMTS HSDPA Cell Search Call Setup UMTS Frequencies UMTS Codes UTRA Time Slots Channel Coding UMTS Handovers Random Access UTRAN Interfaces UMTS Coding Synchronisation UTRA Channels Media Formats Location Services RCC States Paging UMTS Link Budget Co-location WCDMA Spreading Compressed Mode UMTS Power Control Iui Frame Structure Virtual Home Environment
UMTS Overview CDMA Overview
Overview of The Universal Mobile Telecommunication System
(DRAFT, July 2002)
Table of Contents 1. 3G Systems 2. UMTS Services 3. UMTS Architecture 4. Core Network 5. Radio Access 6. User Equipment 1. 3G Systems
3G Systems are intended to provide a global mobility with wide range of services including telephony, paging, messaging, Internet and broadband data. International Telecommunication Union (ITU) started the process of defining the standard for third generation systems, referred to as International Mobile Telecommunications 2000 (IMT-2000). In Europe European Telecommunications Standards Institute (ETSI) was responsible of UMTS standardisation process. In 1998 Third Generation Partnership Project (3GPP) was formed to continue the technical specification work. 3GPP has five main UMTS standardisation areas: Radio Access Network, Core Network, Terminals, Services and System Aspects and GERAN. 3GPP Radio Access group is responsible of: • Radio Layer 1, 2 and 3 RR specification • Iub, Iur and Iu Interfaces • UTRAN Operation and Maintenance requirements
See the UMTS Frequency page for more details.2200 MHz were identified for IMT-2000 use. In February 1992 World Radio Conference allocated frequencies for UMTS use. Frequencies 1885 . including radio aspects 3GPP Services and System Aspects group is responsible of: • Definition of services and feature requirements.2025 and 2110 . • Core network aspects of the lu interface and Operation and Maintenance requirements 3GPP Terminal group is responsible of: • • • • • • Service capability protocols Messaging Services end-to-end interworking USIM to Mobile Terminal interface Model/framework for terminal interfaces and services (application) execution Conformance test specifications of terminals. version 3) and next release is due December 2001. All 3G standards are still under constant development. and maintenance of overall architecture. UMTS Services . Third Generation Partnership Project 2 (3GPP) was formed for technical development of cdma2000 technology which is a member of IMT-2000 family. • Charging and Accounting • Network Management and Security Aspects • Definition. Most of the European countries and some countries round the world have already issued UMTS licenses either by beauty contest or auctions. • Development of service capabilities and service architecture for cellular. 2. evolution. • Definition of interworking functions between the core network and external networks. • Packet related issues. UMTS History page has a list of all major 3G and UMTS milestones.• BTS radio performance specification • Conformance test specification for testing of radio aspects of base stations • Specifications for radio performance aspects from the system point of view 3GPP Core Network group is responsible of: • Mobility management. fixed and cordless applications. In 1999 ETSI Standardisation finished for UMTS Phase 1 (Release '99. call connection control signalling between the user equipment and the core network. • Core network signalling between the core network nodes.
User Interface customisation and services in whatever network or terminal. The main function of the core network is to provide switching. webcast) Interactive class (web browsing. The UTRAN provides the air interface access method for User Equipment. Here is the list of system areas from largest to smallest. Base Station is referred as Node-B and control equipment for Node-B's is called Radio Network Controller (RNC). wherever the user may be located. delay variation and bit error rate. It is possible to negotiate and renegotiate the characteristics of a bearer service at session or connection establishment and during ongoing session or connection. video telephony. The basic Core Network architecture for UMTS is based on GSM network with GPRS. It is a concept for personal service environment portability across network boundaries and between terminals. routing and transit for user traffic. database access) Background class (email.UMTS offers teleservices (like speech or SMS) and bearer services. 3. Bearer services have different QoS parameters for maximum transfer delay. UMTS also has improved network security and location based services. Personal service environment means that users are consistently presented with the same personalised features. Both connection oriented and connectionless services are offered for Point-to-Point and Point-to-Multipoint communication. downloading) UMTS will also have a Virtual Home Environment (VHE). video on demand. how UMTS network could be build. video gaming) Streaming class (multimedia. Offered data rate targets are: • 144 kbits/s satellite and rural outdoor • 384 kbits/s urban outdoor • 2048 kbits/s indoor and low range outdoor UMTS network services have different QoS classes for four types of traffic: • • • • Conversational class (voice. SMS. All equipment has to be modified for UMTS operation and services. UMTS Terrestrial Radio Access Network (UTRAN) and User Equipment (UE). which provide the capability for information transfer between access points. • UMTS systems (including satellite) . It is necessary for a network to know the approximate location in order to be able to page user equipment. UMTS Architecture A UMTS network consist of three interacting domains. Core network also contains the databases and network management functions. Core Network (CN). network gaming. UMTS system page has an example.
The functions of Node-B are: • • • • • • Air interface Transmission / Reception Modulation / Demodulation CDMA Physical Channel coding Micro Diversity Error Handing Closed loop power control . Radio Access Wide band CDMA technology was selected to for UTRAN air interface. Visitor location register (VLR) and Gateway MSC. UTRAN interfaces are shown on UMTS Network page. Number Portability DataBase (NPDB) will be used to enable user to change the network while keeping their old phone number.• • • • • • • Public Land Mobile Network (PLMN) MSC/VLR or SGSN Location Area Routing Area (PS domain) UTRAN Registration Area (PS domain) Cell Sub cell 4. UMTS WCDMA is a Direct Sequence CDMA system where user data is multiplied with quasi-random bits derived from WCDMA Spreading codes. Some network elements. HLR. The Asynchronous Transfer Mode (ATM) is defined for UMTS core transmission. Core Network The Core Network is divided in circuit switched and packet switched domains. MSC. ATM Adaptation Layer type 2 (AAL2) handles circuit switched connection and packet connection protocol AAL5 is designed for data delivery. 5. WCDMA has two basic modes of operation: Frequency Division Duplex (FDD) and Time Division Duplex (TDD). Some of the circuit switched elements are Mobile services Switching Centre (MSC). The architecture of the Core Network may change when new services and features are introduced. Codes are used for synchronisation and scrambling. Packet switched elements are Serving GPRS Support Node (SGSN) and Gateway GPRS Support Node (GGSN). Gateway Location Register (GLR) may be used to optimise the subscriber handling between network boundaries. like EIR. in addition to channelisation. VLR and SGSN can merge to become a UMTS MSC. In UMTS. VLR and AUC are shared by both domains.
UMTS IC card has same physical characteristics as GSM SIM card. However.The functions of RNC are: • • • • • • • • • • Radio Resource Control Admission Control Channel Allocation Power Control Settings Handover Control Macro Diversity Ciphering Segmentation / Reassembly Broadcast Signalling Open Loop Power Control 6. • CS mode of operation: The MS is attached to the CS domain only and may only operate services of the CS domain. Most of these UMTS identity types are taken directly from GSM specifications. this does not prevent CS-like services to be offered over the PS domain (like VoIP). • PS mode of operation: The MS is attached to the PS domain only and may only operate services of the PS domain. It has several functions: • • • • Support of one User Service Identity Module (USIM) application (optionally more that one) Support of one or more user profile on the USIM Update USIM specific information over the air Security functions . Terminals work as an air interface counter part for Node-B and have many different types of identities. • • • • • • • International Mobile Subscriber Identity (IMSI) Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity (TMSI) Packet Temporary Mobile Subscriber Identity (P-TMSI) Temporary Logical Link Identity (TLLI) Mobile station ISDN (MSISDN) International Mobile Station Equipment Identity (IMEI) International Mobile Station Equipment Identity and Software Number (IMEISV) UMTS mobile station can operate in one of three modes of operation: • PS/CS mode of operation: The MS is attached to both the PS domain and CS domain. and the MS is capable of simultaneously operating PS services and CS services. User Equipment The UMTS standard does not restrict the functionality of the User Equipment in any way.
Last modified July 15. 2002.• User authentication • Optional inclusion of payment methods • Optional secure downloading of new applications Other UMTS overviews in the web: • TU Wien UMTS Overview • IEC UMTS Overview • Radio interfaces This page is a draft version and is still under development.2003 UMTSWorld. UMTS Overview CDMA Overview UMTS Network UMTS Security 3G Data Speeds UMTS QoS UMTS HSDPA Cell Search Call Setup UMTS Frequencies UMTS Codes UTRA Time Slots Channel Coding UMTS Handovers Random Access UTRAN Interfaces UMTS Coding Synchronisation UTRA Channels Media Formats Location Services RCC States Paging UMTS Link Budget Co-location WCDMA Spreading Compressed Mode UMTS Power Control Iui Frame Structure Virtual Home Environment | Advertise | Support Us | Contribute | Site Map | Legal | Privacy | About | Notes| Copyright © 1999 .com email: email@example.com .