Maricar C. Bebanco BSEd II-A B.

Folk Tales Ever since, the Philippines has been blessed with a wealth of folk tales. Because folk tales have been passed on by word of mouth it is difficult to trace their origins. Contemporary writers build their stories from old folk tales or from the products of their imaginations. Folk tales are made up of stories about life, adventure, love, horror, and humor where one can derive lessons about life. These are useful to us because they help us appreciate our environment, evaluate our personalities and improve our perspectives in life. Example: THE MOON AND THE SUN ( Tingguian folk tale) C. The Epic Age Epics are long narrative poems in which a series of heroic achievements or events, usually of a hero, are dealt with at length. Nobody can determine which epics are the oldest because in their translations from other languages, even in English and Spanish. We can only determine their origins from the time mentioned in the said epic. The HUDHOD and the ALIM of the Ifugaos may have happened during the Stone Age when iron was still unknown. The Darangan of the Moros may have started during the period of the kingdom of the Bumbaran thar sank in the Pacific Ocean during the Deluge. It is clear that MARAGTAS was written during the period of Christ and the IBALON of Bicol which dealt with the early people of Bicol is believed to have happened before the Deluge. Aside from the aforementioned epics, there are still other epics that can be read and studied like the following epics.
a. b. Bidasari – Moro epic Biag ni Lam-ang – Ilokano epic Maragtas – Visayan epic Haraya – Visayan epic Lagda – Visayan epic Hari sa Bukid – Visayan epic Kumintang – Tagalog epic Parang Sabir – Moro epic “Dagoy” at “Sudsod” – Tagbanua epic Tatuaang – Bagobo epic Indarapatra at Sulayman Bantugan

d. e. f. g. h. i. j. k. l.

m. Daramoke-A-Babay – Moro epic in “Darangan”

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