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IN

**Q.1 - Q.20 carry one mark each.
**

Q.1

Let A be an n # n real matrix such that A2 = I and y be an n -dimensional vector. Then the linear system of equations Ax = y has

(A) No solution (B) A unique solution (C) More than one but finitely many independent solutions (D) Infinitely many independent solutions Let j = j − 1 . Then one value of j j is (B) − 1 (D) e− π/2

Q.2

(A) (C) π 2

Q.3

In full sunlight, a solar cell has a short circuit current of 75 mA and a current of 70 mA for a terminal voltage of 0.6 with a given load. The Thevenin resistance of the solar cell is (A) 8Ω (B) 8.6 Ω (D) 240 Ω

(C) 120 Ω

Q.4

The DC voltage gain V0 in the following circuit is given by Vi

R2 R1 + R 2 (C) Av R2 + R 0 R1 + R 2 (A) Av

Q.5

(B) Av (D) Av

R1 R1 + R 2

Match the essential amplifier characteristics with the sensing applications given below

:

IN

1/30

2007 Amplifier Characteristics P. Charge amplifier with very low bias current and high input impedance. Q. Voltage amplifier with low bias current and very high input impedance. R. Voltage amplifier with very high CMRR. (A) P-L, Q-M, R-N (C) P-N, Q-L, R-M

www.gatehelp.com Sensing Applications L Strain gauge in unipolar DC Wheatstone bridge.

IN

M Glass electrode pH sensor. N Piezoelectric sensor for measurement of static force

(B) P-M, Q-N, R-L (D) R-N, Q-M, R-L

Q.6

The figure below shows various configuration of bonding a strain gauge to a cantilever subjected to a bending force F.

Which configuration given the maximum change in resistance for this force ? (A) P (B) Q (C) R (D) All have equal change in resistance

IN

2/30

2007

Q.7

www.gatehelp.com

IN

When light falls on the photodiode shown in the following circuit, the reverse saturation current of the photodiode changes from 100 μ A to 200 μ A.

Assuming the op-amp to be ideal, the output voltage, Vout of the circuit (A) Does not change (B) Change from 1V to 2 V (C) Changes from 2V to 1V (D) Changes from − 1V to − 2

Q.8

A 555 astable multivibrator circuit is shown in the figure below :

If RB is shorted, the waveform at VC is

IN

3/30

com A Clark oxygen sensor is a (B) Amperometric sensor (D) Magnetostrictive sensor IN (A) Potentiometric sensor (C) Conductometric sensor A logic circuit implements the boolean function F = X : Y + X : Y : Z . real-valued signal band-limited to F Hz.5 cos 40πt) cos 200πt . a simplified expression for F is given by.11 (B) X + Z (D) Y + X. It is found that the Combination X = Y = 1 can never occur. Q. where t is in seconds. Taking this into account. Its fundamental frequency.2007 Q.12 Let x (t) be a continuous-time.Z A CMOS implementation of a logic gate is shown in the following figure : The boolean logic function realized by the circuit is (A) AND (B) NAND (C) NOR (D) OR Q. in Hz. is (A) 20 (C) 100 (B) 40 (D) 200 4/30 IN . in Hz.10 (A) X + Y : Z (C) X + Y Q. for y (t) = x (0.9 www. The Nyquist sampling rate.5t) + x (t) − x (2t) is (A) F (C) 4F (B) 2F (D) 8F Q.gatehelp.13 Consider the periodic signal x (t) = (1 + 0.

0 (D) 4. (A) 0. namely.10 A well as two voltage ranges. (D) insensitive to perturbations in G(s) and H(s). 1kVA. single phase transformer. The multiplying factor to be used in this case is.0 (B) 1. To carry out a load test on a 230 V/115 V. 0-150 V and 0. L and C having positive finite values.16 ω (B) V0 = 0 if L = C (D) V0 cannot be made zero 1 LC A feedback control system with high gain K.com IN A dynamometer type wattmeter with a single scale marked for the smallest power range.gatehelp. the wattmeter is used on the high voltage side. Then (A) V0 = 0 if ωL = 1 ωC (C) V0 = 0 if R = Q. namely. IN 5/30 .14 www.0 Q.300 V. is shown in the figure below : Then the closed loop transfer function is (A) sensitive to perturbations in G(s) and H(s) (B) sensitive to perturbations in G(s) but not to perturbations in H(s) (C) sensitive to perturbations in H(s) but not to perturbations in G(s).2007 Q. 0-5 A and 0. has two current ranges. The voltage and current ranges are chosen for maximum utilization of the scale.5 (C) 2.15 Consider the AC bridge shown in the figure below. with A.

20 Q. catheters may be introduced in different configurations as shown in the figures below : The static pressure will be measured correctly in the configuration (s) (A) P and Q but not in R (B) R only (C) Q only (D) P and R but not in Q In N2 -washout estimation of lung volume using spirometry.21 to Q. and F denote temperature.2007 Q. respectively.75 carry two marks each. Let T. V. dθ .com IN Consider the following standard state-space description of a linear time-invariant single input single output system : x = Ax + Bu .19 Then F (t ) V (t ) (A) VL = TL = s 2 s 2 G TS FL (t1) − FL (t2) (C) VL = FL (t1) VL (t2) F (t ) V (t ) (B) VL = TL = L 2 S 2 G TS FL (t1) − FL (t2) (D) VL = TS FS (t2) VS (t2) The dispersion in an X-ray diffractometer. subscripts S and L denote the spirometer and the lung. and t1 and t2 the beginning time and the end time of the experiment. is given by the expression dλ m (B) m (A) 2d cos θ 2d sin θ (C) 2d sin θ (D) 2d cos θ Q. IN 6/30 . the lung volumes at the beginning and the end of the washout are the same. y = Cx + Du .17 www. Which one of the following statements about the transfer function CANNOT be true if D = Y 0? (B) The system is strictly proper (D) The system is of type zero (A) The system is unstable (C) The system is low pass Q. volume and molar fraction (of N2 ) respectively. Q.18 During intravascular measurment of arterial blood pressure.gatehelp.

2007 Q.27 (A) 1 e IN (B) 1 − 1 e 7/30 . with n $ 3 and aij = i.23 (C) e 2 (D) 3 Q.j . x $ 0 . the maximum value of ecos x is e (A) 1 (B) e Q. where x is real.com The polynomial p (x) = x5 + x + 2 has (B) 3 real and 2 complex roots (D) all complex roots IN (A) all real roots (C) 1 real and 4 complex roots Q. Then the function f (x) at x = 0 is (A) Continuous but not differentiable (B) Once differentiable but not twice (C) Twice differentiable but not thrice (D) Thrice differentiable The value of the integral π 2 3 3 −x −y e e # # 0 0 2 2 Q.24 Consider the function f (x) = x 3 .gatehelp.21 www. j # n .22 Let A = [aij ]. The probability that the conversation will exceed 5 five minutes is. Q. Then the rand of A is (B) 1 (D) n (A) 0 (C) n − 1 sin x For real x . 1 # i.25 dx dy is (A) (C) π (B) (D) π 4 π z of a complex variable z .26 (C) a pole or order 1 (D) not a singularity Assume that the duration in minutes of a telephone conversation follows the exponential distribution f (x) = 1 ex/5. the point z = 0 is For the function sin z3 (A) a pole of order 3 (B) a pole or order 2 Q.

... ! 2. IN 8/30 .31 (D) − 120 Consider a non-ideal voltage source whose output voltage is measured by a non-ideal voltmeter as shown below. ! 1. 2... . . 9. The Z-parameters of the two port feedback network are Z11 = Z22 = 11kΩ and Z12 = Z21 = 1kΩ . 25. Let Ve be the difference between Vs and the measured voltage..30 Consider the linear circuit with and ideal op-amp shown in the figure below. (B) xn + 1 = 1 bxn − 2 l 2 xn (D) xn + 1 = 2 + xn (A) xn + 1 = 1 bxn + 2 l 2 xn (C) xn + 1 = 2 xn Q..29 Identify the Newton-Raphson iteration scheme for finding the square root of 2.......gatehelp.com (D) 1 − 12 e IN The boundary-value problem yn + λy = 0.. (C) 1.. (B) 1. (D) 1. . Q...28 www.. The gain of the amplifier is (A) + 110 (B) + 11 (C) − 1 Q.. 3.2007 (C) 12 e Q... 4. 9.. y (0) = y (π = 0) will have non-zero solution is and only if the values of λ are (A) 0.. ..

2007 The Ve is a function of Vs (A) Rm only (C) R s Rm Q.33 The high and the low levels of the output of the digital circuit are 5 V and 0 V. but with a time delay τ are applied to a digital circuit whose truth table is shown in the following figure. The two sensor measurements x1 and x 2 are combined to form the weighted average x = αx1 + (1 − α) x2. the weighting factor α that yields the smallest error variance of x is (A) (C) σ2 2 2 σ1 + σ2 2 σ2 σ1 + σ2 (B) 2 σ1 2 σ1 + σ2 2 (D) 0.com IN (B) R s only (D) Rm − R s Two sensors have measurement errors that are Gaussian distributed with zero means 2 and variance σ1 and σ2 2 . respectively. 0 # α # 1. respectively. Assuming that the measurement errors of the sensors are uncorrelated.5 Two square waves of equal period T.32 www. Which one of the following figures shows the correct variation of the average value of the output voltage as a function of τ for 0 # t # (T/2) ? IN 9/30 .gatehelp. Q.

The values of the current i just before opening the switch (t = 0−) and just after the opening the switch (t = 0+) are.com IN Q.35 (B) (5 + cos 2t) A (D) 6A In the circuit shown in the following figure. respectively (A) 3 A and 1A (B) 3 A and 5 A 4 4 4 (C) 1A and 7 A 6 Q. the current through the 1 Ω resistor is (A) (1 + 5 cos 2t) A (C) (1 − 5 cos 2t) A Q.36 (D) 1A and 1A Consider the coupled circuit shown below.gatehelp.2007 www. IN 10/30 .34 In the circuit shown in the following figure. the switch is kept closed for a long time and then opened at t = 0 .

Indicate the correct set of expressions for the impedances of the T-network. 11/30 IN . this circuit can be represented by the equivalent T-network. (A) Z1 = jω (L1 − M12) (B) Z1 = jω (L1 + M12) Z2 = jω (L2 − M12) Z 3 = jωM12 (C) Z1 = jωL1 Z 2 = jω L 2 Z 3 =− jωM12 Q.38 In the circuit shown below.2007 www. VBE = 0.37 Z2 = j ω (L2 + M12) Z 3 = jωM12 (D) Z1 = jω (L1 − M12) Z2 = jω (L2 − M12) Z 3 = jω (L1 + L2 + M12) A FET source follower is shown in the figure below The nature of feedback in this circuit is (A) Positive current (B) Negative current (C) Positive voltage (D) Negative voltage Q.com IN At angular frequency ω . shown below.gatehelp.7V .

com IN The β of the transistor and VCE are.gatehelp. When p1 > p2 . When the measured static pressure difference p1 − p2 . respectively (A) 19 and 2.8 V (C) 38 and 2. the liquid level in the well is depressed to B. IN 12/30 .7 V A well of cross-sectional area a ω is connected to an inclined tube of cross-sectional area at to form a differential pressure gauge as shown in the figure below.40 (D) sin− 1 :hd + a ω D at l The accompanying figure shows a VERTICAL venturimeter with upward water flow. between the inlet and the throat is 30 kPa. and the level in the tube rises by l along its length such that the difference in the tube and well levels is hd . Assume that the coefficient of discharge remains the same.2007 www. Q.7 V (D) 38 and 4.8 V (B) 19 and 4. When p1 = p2 the common liquid level is denoted by A.39 The angle of inclination θ of the tube with the horizontal is (A) sin− 1 : 1 − a ω D (B) sin− 1 :hd + at D aω hd at l (C) sin− 1 :hd − at D aω l Q. the flow rate is found to be 50 liters per second.

Fluid B records the same pressure drop per unit length at the same volumetric flow rate. initially at the ambient temperature. where k is a constant. Assuming fully developed flow conditions in the tubes. is t"3 (A) 3 (C) − k Q. The excess temperature of the thermometer and the liquid over the ambient are θ (t) and θl (t).43 IN 13/30 . The range of operation is 0cC − 150cC The excitation voltage is 5V and a series resistor of 1kΩ is connected to the thermistor.2 Q. the ratio of the dynamic viscosity of Fluid B to that of Fluid A is (A) 16 (C) 64 (B) 32 (D) 128 A thermistor has a resistance of 10 kΩ at 25cC and 1kΩ at 100cC . In a second straight tube having twice the internal diameter of the first one. the steady state error.3 (B) 39.3 (C) 40. where t denotes the time.8 (D) 54.41 A thermometer with time constant τ . defined as lim [θ (t) − θl (t)].com IN When p1 − p2 = 20 kPa. Q. is used to measure the temperature of a liquid in a both.42 (B) 0 (D) − kτ In a laminar flow experiment. is (A) 33. If θl (t) = kt .2007 www.gatehelp. the flow rate in litres per second. Fluid A is pumped through a straight tube and the volumetric flow rate and pressure drop per unit length are recorded. respectively.

49 V IN (B) between 6.19 V (D) Greater than 7.0 mW (B) 4. The electronic voltmeter.8 V (C) Between 7. The system consists of an opaque dish attached to the motor shaft with a hole as shown. The electrode obeys the Nernst equation perfectly. has an input impedance of 1011 Ω and a gain of 100.7 mW (C) 5.gatehelp. has a source resistance of 1010 Ω . with which the potential is being measured. The photodetector circuit is also shown below.4 mW (D) 6.5 to 7.49 V 14/30 .2007 www. being used at 25cC .2 V and 7.44 A measurement system for the rotational speed of a motor is shown in the figure below. If the pH of the analyte changes from 6. Assume sufficient light intensity and TTL logic levels for the inverter. the change in voltage observed on the voltmeter is Q.1 mW Q. photodetector receives light through the hole.8 V and 7.com IN The power dissipated in the thermistor at 150cC is (A) 4.8. The output the photodetector is a (A) Triangular wave (B) Square wave with 50% duty cycle (C) Rectangular wave with duty cycles close to unity (D) Rectangular wave with duty cycle close to zero A pH electrode.45 (A) less than 6. A light source and a photodetector are placed on two sides of the disk so that the whenever the hole cross the light path.

IN 15/30 .46 www.com The figure shows a single op-amp differential amplifier circuit.2 V (C) 7.48 The input signal shown in the figure below is fed to a Schmitt trigger.4 V (B) 2 V (D) 10 V Q.gatehelp. The voltage Vc is (A) 0. IN Which one of the following statements about the output is correct ? (A) V0 # 95mV (B) 95 mV< V0 # 98mV (C) 98 mV < V0 # 101mV Q.7V and β = 100 .2007 Q. The signal has a square wave amplitude of 6V p-p. It is corrupted by an additive high frequency noise of amplitude 8V p-p.47 (D) V0 > 101mV The three transistors in the circuit shown below are identical with VBE = 0.

5V (D) 0.49 Consider the circuit shown below The correct frequency response of the circuit is IN 16/30 .com IN Which one of the following is an appropriate choice for the upper and lower trip points of the Schmitt trigger to recover a square wave of the same frequency from the corrupted input signal Vi ? (A) ! 8.gatehelp.V Q.2007 www.0V (B) ! 2.0V (C) ! 0.

52 IN 17/30 . + X 0 . The function F = 1 if X > Y and F = 0 otherwise.2007 www.com IN Q.X 0 Q.X1 Y0 A MUX circuit shown in the figure below implements a logic function F1 .Y1 + Y1 .51 (B) X 0 . The minimized sum of products expression for F is (A) Y1 .X1 .Y0 + X 0 .X 0 .50 Let X = X1 X 0 and Y = Y1 Y0 unsigned 2-bit numbers.Y1 (C) Y1 .Y0 + X1 .Y0 .X 0 (D) X1 .X 0 . The correct expression for F1 is (A) (X 5 Y ) 5 Z (C) (X 5 Y) 5 Z (B) (X 5 Y) 5 Z (D) (X 5 Y) + Z A sequential circuit is shown in the figure below.gatehelp.Y0 Y1 .Y0 + X1 . Let the state of the circuit be encoded as QA QB . + Y1 .X1 + Y0 . Q. The notation X " Y implies that state Y is reachable from state X in a finite number of clock transitions.Y1 + X 0 .

(A) IN 24H (B) IN 20H (C) OUT 24H (D) OUT 20H Q.2007 www. data and control buses of an 8085 microprocessor executing a program is given below : Address Data IO/M RD 2020H 24 H Logic High Logic High Logic Low WR The assembly language instruction being executed is.53 A snapshot of the address.com IN Identify the INCORRECT statement.gatehelp. (A) 01 " 00 (B) 11 " 01 (C) 01 " 11 (D) 01 " 10 Q.54 The circuit shown in the figure below works as a 2-bit analog to digital converter for 0 # Vin # 3V IN 18/30 .

55 (D) X1 + X2 8-bit signed integers in 2’s complement form are read into the accumulator of an 8085 microprocessor from an I/O port using the following assembly language program segment with symbolic addresses. the input signal is vi (t) = 5 + 3 cos ωt Q. X2.56 IN 19/30 .com IN The MSB of the output Y1 . BEGIN : IN PORT RAL JNC RAR HLT BEGIN END This program (A) Halts upon reading a negative number (B) Halts upon reading a positive number (C) Halts upon reading a zero (D) Never halts In the circuit shown in the figure. expressed as a boolean function of the inputs X1.gatehelp. X 3 is given by (A) X1 (B) X2 (C) X 3 Q.2007 www.

gatehelp. n < 0 Define the signal y (n) as y (n) = x (− n). If ωCR = 2 .com IN The steady state output is expressed as v 0 (t) = P + Q cos (ωt − φ) .58 n 1. Then IN n =− 3 / y (n) equals 20/30 3 . 3 0. Which one of the following figures represents the output y (t) ? Q. the values of P and Q are (B) P = 0 and Q = 3/ 5 (A) P = 0 and Q = 6/ 5 (C) P = 5 and Q = 6/ 5 Q.57 (D) P = 5 and Q = 3 The signals x (t) and h (t) shown in the figures are convolved to yield y (t). − 3 < n < 3.2007 www. n $ 0 Consider the discrete-time signal x (n) = b 1 l u (n). where u (n) = * .

The circuit is a (A) Low pass filter (C) Modulator (B) Level shifter (D) Precision rectifier Q. (A) X (ω) .e− jωtd (C) ω2 . X (ω) .60 In the circuit shown below the switch (S) is closed whenever the input voltage (Vin) is positive and open otherwise. Consider the signal y (t) = d [x (t − td )] where td is an arbitrary delay.ω (D) ω . ω (B) X (ω) .61 The linear sweep for the time base in an oscilloscope has deviation from its nominal waveform. X (ω) Q.com (B) 2 3 (D) 3 IN Let the signal x (t) have the Fourier transform X (ω).2007 (A) − 2 3 (C) 3 2 Q. The magnitude of the Fourier transform dt of y (t) is given by the expression.gatehelp. A 5V p-p sine wave with a frequency of 1 kHz will be measured on the oscilloscope as a IN 21/30 . The nominal (dashed line) and actual (solid line) sweep wave forms as shown in the following figure.59 www.

whose width is to be measured. The resistance between the point P and Q of the potentiometer at the position of the IN 22/30 .45 V p-p and 1 kHz frequency (B) 5V p-p and 1kHz frequency (C) 5 V p-p and 1. is applied to the Enable pin of the counter.62 The pulse.63 (D) T < 200 xfc The figures shows a potentiometer of total resistance RT with a sliding contact. The counter output is latched by the negative edge of the Enable signal.2007 www. The measured pulse width is taken to be N times the clock period. (A) 4. the measurement error will be limited to x% of T if (A) T > 100 (B) T < 100 xfc xfc (C) T > 200 xfc Q.com IN sine wave with. where N is the count reach at the end of a count cycle. Assuming no overflow.gatehelp.1 kHz frequency (D) 5V p-p and 1.15 kHz frequency The pulse width T of an asynchronous pulse is measured by a counter with an edgetriggered clock of known frequency fc as shown in the figure below : Q. The counter counts while the Enable is high and is held reset to zero otherwise.

25 V on channel 1. The trigger is on manual mode the triggers at a level of + 1. If the input is a ! 5V 50 Hz square wave of duty cycle 50%.65 (D) C = 5 R Two signals of peak-to-peak voltages 5V and 2V are being fed to Channel 1 and Channel 2.5.com IN contact shown is RC and the voltage ratio VO at this point is 0. The vertical sensitivity of both channels is 1/V divisions.64 5 5 (B) 1 + 5 2 (D) 1 + 5 Consider the triangular wave generator shown below. the RT VS ratio Rc is RT (A) − 1 + 2 (C) − 1 + Q. as shown in the figure below : IN 23/30 . If the ratio RL = 1. Assume that the op-amps are ideal and have ! 12V power supply. of an oscilloscope with a single time base.2007 www. respectively.gatehelp. the condition that results in a triangular wave of peak to peak amplitude 5 V and frequency 50 Hz at the output is (A) RC = 1 (B) R = 1 C (C) R = 5 C Q. The two sine waves have identical frequency and phase.

(A) 10 and 100 (B) 100 and 10 IN 24/30 .67 A cascade control system with proportional controllers is shown below.2007 www.com IN (A) P (C) R (B) Q (D) S Q. Theoretically.66 A chamber is heated with a heater of maximum power rating of 1000 W. the largest values of the gains K1 and K2 that can be set without causing instability of the closed loop system are. The heater power is the sum of the output of a proportional controller having a proportional band of 200% and a constant offset of 500 W.gatehelp. The process transfer relationship between the steady-state heater power and chamber temperature is assumed to be linear with a slope of 2 Watts/cC . The temperature achieved for a set point of 300c is (B) 60cC (D) 150cC (A) 260cC (C) 275cC Q.

If the cardiac vector is oriented at an angle of 45 degrees to Lead I and has a magnitude of 3mV.5 c .68 The ECG of a patient is being recorder using the three standard frontal plane leads.89.gatehelp.15 and 1. I.03 mV (B) 2. 73 IN 25/30 . 2. are shown below. respectively.77 mV (C) 2.12. The corresponding path lengths in P1 and P2 are 4 cm and 1cm. 3. The cross-sectional areas are 1 cm2 and 3 cm2 .com (D) 3 and 3 IN Q.89 mV (D) 2.77.70 The H-D curves of two X-ray films. and 0. and 2. The ratio of the absorbances in P1 and P2 is (A) 1.12. II and III are (A) 1.77 mV Q.69 Light of intensity I 0 is equally divided and passed through 2 cuvettes P1 P2 containing an analyte at concentrations c and 0. 2. F1 has (A) Higher contrast than F2 but the same fog level (B) Lower contrast than F2 but the same fog level (C) Higher contrast and higher fog level than F2 (D) Lower contrast than F2 but higher fog level Common Data Questions Common Data for Question 71.2007 (C) 10 and 100 www.50. for the save change in exposure.27 and 0. The curves show that. F1 and F2 . respectively. 72. the voltages seen on Leads.5 (C) 3 (B) 8/3 (D) 8 Q.12. 0.

5 V/ μs with its other parameter being idea. the value of R1 is (B) 10 kΩ (D) 20 kΩ (A) 5 kΩ (C) 15 kΩ Q.6 V and V0 =− 7 V . V2 = 0.com IN Consider the op-amp circuit shown in the figure below. The values of Vc and f for which the amplifier output will have not distortion are. 75 The following figure represents a proportional control scheme of a first order system with transportation lag.1 V and 300 kHz (B) 0.2 V.5 V and 300 kHz (D) 0.1 V and 300 kHz (C) 0. Q. respectively (A) 0. The op-amp has a slew rate of 0.73 (A) 2.72 Let V1 = V2 = Vc sin2πft and R1 = 20 kΩ .2007 www. Assume that the op-amp is ideal except for a nonzero input bias current.5 V and 30 kHz Let V1 = V2 = 0 and R1 = 20 kΩ . IN 26/30 .2 kΩ (C) 20 kΩ (B) 9. and the op-amp is ideal.71 If V1 = 0.gatehelp. What is the value of R2 for the output voltage of the op-amp to be zero ? Q.1 kΩ (D) 100 kΩ Common Data for Question 74.

Q. should be (A) 2 MHz (C) 5 MHz (B) 3 MHz (D) 10 MHz In Q. IN 27/30 . ρ = 2. to the nearest mm.m− 3 ). The probe is oriented at an angle of 45 degrees to the longitudinal axis of the artery.2007 Q.408 (C) 1. The maximum source frequency (probe output).85 carry two marks each.m− 2. is Q.76 to Q.74 www. Statement for Linked Answer Questions 76 and 77 : Blood flow through a straight segment of an artery is measured using Doppler flowmeter.gatehelp.com The angular frequency in radians/ s at which the loop phase lag becomes 180c is (B) 0.65 # 103 kg. 76. It is known the Doppler shift is proportional to the velocity of the blood in the direction of propagation of sound from the probe and the frequency generated from the probe.03 IN (A) 0.75 The steady state error for a unit step input when the gain KC = 1 is (B) 1 2 (D) 2 (A) 1 4 (C) 1 Linked Answer Questions : Q. to the nearest MHz.818 (D) 2. The velocity of sound in blood is 1500 m/s and the maximum blood flow velocity to the measured is 110 cm/s.56 Q. Y = 80 # 109 N.77 (A) 1 mm (C) 3 mm (B) 2 mm (D) 4 mm Statement for Linked Answer Questions 78 and 79: Consider the circuit shown in the following figure.76 Signal processing limitations constrain the maximum Doppler shift to be less than 3 kHz. if the piezoelectric crystal of the probe is made of quartz (Young’s modulus. the maximum thickness of the crystal required to resonate at the frequency determined above.

79 The D flip-flop are initialized to Q1 Q2 Q 3 = 000.39. In the second experiment (E2) both the source and the fiber are in water.80 The angle of acceptance when the fibre is used in water (refractive index =1.78 The correct input-output relationship between Y and (X1. X2) is (B) Y = X1 X2 (D) Y = X1 5 X2 (A) Y = X1 + X2 (C) Y = X1 5 X2 Q.2007 www. The diameter of the core is 200 μm .33) is closest to (A) 15c (B) 16c (D) 18c (C) 17c Q.com IN Q. After 1 clock cycle. Q. In the first experiment (E1) both the source and the fiber are in air.gatehelp. (B) 010 (D) 101 Q1 Q2 Q 3 is equal to (A) 011 (C) 100 Statement for Linked Answer Questions 80 and 81 : The numerical aperture of a step index fiber in air (refractive index =1). Neglecting absorption in the medium between the source and IN 28/30 .81 Two experiments are conducted in which light in launched into the fiber from a uniformly distributed planar source kept 5mm away from the tip. is 0.

− 2.2007 www. Q. The gain of the differential amplifier for utilization of the full range of the ADC (Which is ! 10V ) is (B) 20 (D) 40 (A) 10 (C) 30 If the supply voltage to the bridge decreases by 5%.82 The change in capacitance for full scale displacement is ! 5% for the capacitors.gatehelp. Note that the bridge supply and the analog reference input for the ADC are derived from the same 10 V DC source.0 (D) 1. the sensitivity of the measurement system Q.4 (B) 1.84 The transfer function is 29/30 IN .5 (C) 1. Q. A plant with this transfer function is connected with a proportional controller of gain K in the forward path.9 Statement for Linked Answer Questions 82 and 83 A push-pull capacitive displacement transducer is interfaced to a differential amplifier and an ADC as shown in the figure below. the ratio of the amount of light coupled into fiber in (E1) to the amount of light coupled into the fiber in E2 is closest to (A) 0.83 (A) Decreases by 5% (C) Increase by 5% (B) Does not change (D) Increases by 200% Statement for Linked Answer Questions 84 and 85 : A transfer function with unity DC gain has three poles at − 1. and − 3 and no finite zeros. in a unity feedback configuration.com IN the tip.

com (B) (D) 6 (s + 1) (s + 2) (s + 3) 6 (s − 1) (s − 2) (s − 3) IN Q.85 If the locus plot of the closed loop system passes through the points ! j 11 .2007 (A) (C) s (s − 1) (s − 2) (s − 3) s (s + 1) (s + 2) (s + 3) www.gatehelp. the maximum value of K for stability of the unity feedback closed loop system is (A) 11 (B) 6 (D) 6 11 (C) 10 ********** IN 30/30 .

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