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# Traffic Engineering, 4 Edition Roess, R.P., Prassas, E.S., and McShane, W.R.

FALL 2012
Solutions to Homework No. 3 Chapter 8 Problem 8-1 Traffic volumes on a four-lane freeway (two lanes in each direction) were counted manually from an overhead location, resulting in the data shown here. The desire was to obtain continuous 15- minute counts for each lane of the freeway for a two-hour period surrounding the morning peak hour.

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## Data for Problem 1

From the data shown, determine the following: a) Continuous 15 minute volumes for each period and each lane. b) The peak hour, peak hour volume, and peak hour factor (PHF) for each direction of flow and for the freeway as a whole. c) Directional flow rates during each 15-minite period.

The counts shown are for 12 out of 15 minutes. Thus, each count will be multiplied by 15/12 = 1.25 to get the estimated full 15minute count. Note that all values will be rounded to the nearest vehicle. Missing cells will then be estimated using straightline interpolation, or extrapolation at the end points. These results are shown in the table below.

To answer part b of the question, lane volumes have to be added to get a total directional volume; then, the two directions are added to get a total freeway volume. Each direction is then analyzed to determine the peak hour, the peak hour volume, and the PHF. This is repeated for the highway as a whole. This analysis is shown in the table that follows.

The peak hours occur as shown, although for the westbound direction, two different hours produce the same peak hourly flow. In that case, either on can be used. As shown, for the EB direction, the peak hour occurs between 4:15 and 5:15 PM, the peak hour volume is 3,668 veh/h, and the PHF is 3668/(4*932) = 0.984. For the WB direction, the peak hour occurs between 4:30 and 5:30 PM (or between 4:15 and 5:15 PM); the peak hour volume is 3,118 veh/h, and the PHF (for 4:305:30) is 3118/(4*794) = 0.982. For the freeway as a whole, the peak hour occurs between 4:15 and 5:15 PM, the peak hour volume is 6,785 veh/h, and the PHF is 6785/(4*1726) = 0.983. (C) Flow rates are simply the 15minute volumes divided by 0.25 hours (or multiplied by 4). Flow rates by direction are shown in the table that follows.

Problem 82 A 24-hour count using a road tube at a rural highway location produces a count of 11,250 actuations. A representative sample count to classify vehicles resulted in the data shown here: Data for Problem 2 Number of axles per vehicle Number Observed 2 157 3 55 4 50 5 33 6 8 Based of this sample classification count, how many vehicles were observed during the 24-hour study?

The sample data must be used to estimate the average number of axles per vehicle, as shown in the following table.

The average number of axles per vehicle is 892/303 = 2.944. The estimated number of vehicles in the count period is therefore 11,250/2.944 = 3,821 vehs.

________________________________________________________________________ Problem 83 A speed study was conducted using manual observations with stop watches. The trap length was marked for 400 ft. The observer lined up with the entry boundary line, 60 feet away from the vehicles being observed. When viewing the entry boundary, the sight line was at a 60o angle from a perpendicular line from the observer location to the entry boundary. If one of the observed travel times to traverse the trap is 8.3 seconds, at what speed is the vehicle traveling.

The manuallymeasured time is actually recorded of an effective distance because of the sight lines involved. This effective distance is: deff = d1 * Tan = 60 * Tan (60) = 60*1.732 = 103.9 ft.

The observed speed is, therefore: S =D t 103.9/8.3 = 12.51 ft/s = 12.51/1.47 = 8.52 mi/h.