Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (c.1540–1640) was an Indian philosopher in the Advaita Vedānta tradition.
Madhusūdana was born in Bengal, and originally called Kamalanayana. He was educated in the Navya-Nyāy...
Madhusūdana Sarasvatī (c.1540–1640) was an Indian philosopher in the Advaita Vedānta tradition. Madhusūdana was born in Bengal, and originally called Kamalanayana. He was educated in the Navya-Nyāya tradition, but became an Advaita sannyāsin, and moved to Varanasi in order to study Advaita. He gained as a patron the Emperor Akbar, and was a friend of the poet Tulsīdās. He led many symposia attended by both Hindu sādhus and Muslim mullāhs.
Madhusūdana wrote a number of works, all involving the defence and exposition of Advaita Vedānta, of which the largest and most respected is the Advaitasiddhi, which opposes the Dvaita Vedānta positions and arguments in Vyāsatīrtha's work Nyāyāmŗta. Madhusūdana also wrote at least nine other works, of which five were commentaries (on the Bhagavadgīta, part of the Bhāgavatapurāņa, and others).
A total of twenty-one books have been ascribed to Madhusudan. Of them, nineteen books are undoubtedly his, but the authorship of the remaining two is doubtful. Twelve of his books are on philosophy, the rest are poems, plays and miscellaneous themes. The philosophical books include commentaries. His most famous book on philosophy is Advaitasiddhi in which he supports the monistic Vedanta of Shankaracharya regarding Brahma. Advaitasidhi became so famous at that time that many books were written on it. His other famous books include Bhagavatgitagudharthadipika, Bhaktirasayan, Sidhantabindu, and Mahimnastotra.(From Wikipedia and banglapedia)