You are on page 1of 20

The Spatial Renaissance

Looking Beyond the Map

Garrett Dunwoody, MPA

High Level Road Map

Personal Vantage Brief History of Geospatial Value of Spatial Perspectives Components of a GIS Enterprise Application of Technology

How do geospatial technologies provide the functional importance necessary to meet the dynamics of a changing world?
Do geospatial technologies have the ability to fill or decrease the ingenuity gap?* The ingenuity gap is the critical gap between our need for ideas to solve complex problems and our actual supply of those ideas.

Our GIS Philosophy

open data = open government Information is power GIS is a tool not an end product

Without Geography You are Nowhere!

Widely discussed that 85% of all data is spatial in nature (i.e. can be managed, viewed, or analyzed with spatial technology) Local governments tend not to leverage this to the degree that would provide the organization and its constituents the most value.

GIS a History of Applied Science

1832 The French geographer Charles Picquet represented the 48 districts of the city of Paris by halftone color gradient according to the percentage of deaths by cholera per 1,000 inhabitants. The early 20th century saw the development of photozincography, which allowed maps to be split into layers, for example one layer for vegetation and another for water. 21st Century Modern GIS the Spatial Database, Object based analytics, SaaS.

In 1854 John Snow depicted a cholera outbreak in London using points to represent the locations of some individual cases, possibly the earliest use of a geographic methodology in epidemiology.[6] His study of the distribution of cholera led to the source of the disease, a contaminated water pump (the Broad Street Pump,

The 1960s saw the development of the world's first true operational GIS in Ottawa, Ontario, Canada by the federal Department of Forestry and Rural Development

The Value of a Spatial Mindset

Multi-dimensional vs. Linear Problem Solving
The difference between asking specific questions and looking for associations

Can Analyze x, y, z and time Many end results will result in visual representations of data not tabular views

What is a Geographic Information Systems?

A way to integrate, analyze, and present information as a map A tool to support business needs and County service delivery A methodology to inform decision makers about our communities, districts and County service locations

GIS is the merging of cartography, statistical analysis, and data analytics

The Roadmap vs. The Route

Avoid tactics early on Strategic Approaches promote better early adoption No technology decisions Define Success Work on political ownership
Strengthen the County Geospatial Program
Sustained coordination and planning

Create a Decision Framework

Transition of Ideas into Solutions

Develop Data as an Asset

Data as a system driver

Invest in the Enterprise

Ongoing investment in the central resource

Promote Partnerships
Value to our stakeholders

Establish County GIS Outcomes

Outcome driven success

Institute Performance Measures

Measure our achievements

What are Your Core Services?

This is where you start to align business with strategy What do you do well vs. what do you need to learn Can you deliver?

Technological Services

Data Management Services

County GIS Core Services Analytical Services Educational Services

Take Ownership of IT Delivery Model

Structured Data Data Management

Technological Infrastructure Programming Interfaces (API)

Presentation (Lines of Business)

Applications Maps & Analytics

GIS Specialist Systems Environmental Management

Spatially Enabled Enterprise Apps

Build Your Geographic Filing Cabinet!

Health Systems

Building / Planning permits Assessor/ parcel maintenance Crime Analysis Centralized RDBMS DPW Services Asset Management

Education Planning

Health & Social Services


Topographic/Raster Cadastre Geo-coded Address Street Center Lines Assets Environmental Transportation Health/Social services Education Crime


Emergency Management Critical Infrastructure Protection

Garrett Dunwoody, MPA Open Data/GIS Manager San Mateo County, CA