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King Saud University

College of Engineering
Department of Civil Engineering


FINAL EXAM
(SOLUTION)
GE201 Statics First Semester 1433- 34H
Safar 1434 H January 2013
Time allowed: 3 hrs

Student name (in Arabic)

Student number

Section / Instructor



Attempt all questions



Questions Maximum Marks Marks obtained
Q. 1 12
Q. 2 12
Q. 3 10
Q. 4 10
Q. 5 6
Total marks

_______
50
Na

Marks in words: .



Name and Signature of Instructor: ..
















Question # 1 (12 Marks)


GE 201 Statics page 2/8
Final Exam, First Semester 1433 - 34 H
Student name

Marks obtained for Q.1

Student number




1-a (2 Marks )
Compute the magnitude of the moment about
point A produced by the three forces and a couple.


Solution

The three forces will not produce any moment about
point A as their lines of action are passing through A.
Moment will be only due to the couple of 10 kN.m.

Therefore, assuming counter clockwise moment as
positive, we have,

M
A
= -10 kN.m (CW) Ans.


1-b (2 Marks )
If the resulting force-couple system acting on the
plate at point O is as shown in the figure, then
replace the system by a single force R. Sketch the
location of the force and find its intersection with
x- and y-axes.











Solution

Ans.
R
M
x
y
m 5 . 1
2
3
0
= = =
Ans.
R
M
y
x
m 0 . 1
) 3 (
3
0
=

= =











1-c (2 Marks )
i) Write F as a vector.
ii) Determine the moment of the force F
about point O, and express it as a vector.









Solution

a) F = 30i Ans.
b) M
O
= rF = 3j30i= -90k kN.m Ans.










King Saud University
College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
2 m

F = 2i+2j kN

A(2,2)

1 kN

3 m

3 m

2 m

5 kN

x

y

10 kN.m

F = 30 kN

(2, 3, 0) m

x

y

z

A
(6, 3, 0) m

B
O
F = 30i kN

(2, 3, 0)

x

y

z

A
(6, 3, 0)

B
O
r=3j
m
R = -3i+2j kN

O

x

y

1.5m

3 m

3 m

1.0 m

R = -3i+2j kN

O

x

y

3 kN.m

3 m

3 m


Question # 1 (Contd.)




GE 201 Statics page 3/8
Final Exam, First Semester 1433 - 34 H
Student name

Marks obtained for Q.1

Student number




1-d (2 Marks )
Compute the magnitude of the resultant of the two
forces shown below.












Solution

( )
( )
. kN 3 . 172 160 50 40
kN 160 50 40
kN 70 50 ( ) 90 40
2 2 2
Ans R = + + =
+ + =
+ + + = + =
k j i R
k j k i F F R
2 1


1-e (2 Marks )

Determine the angle u, if the resultant R is
vertical.



Solution


. 60
2
1
cos
0 45 cos 90
Ans
R
x
o
= =
= =
u u
u

1-f (2 Marks )

Write the vector expression of tension force T













Solution

Ans.
T
8 16 16
) 0 4 ( ) 0 8 ( ) 8 0 (
) 0 4 ( ) 0 8 ( 8) (0
24
2 2 2
k j i T
k j i
n T
BC
+ + =
(
(

+ +
+ +
= =











King Saud University
College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
90 kN
45 kN
R
x
y

y
T = 24 kN
x
z
O
B
C
(8, 0, 0) m
(0, 8, 4) m
x x
z
F
1
= 50j+70k kN
F
2
= 40i+90k kN
y

Question # 2 (12 Marks)


GE 201 Statics page 4/8
Final Exam, First Semester 1433 - 34 H
Student name

Marks obtained for Q.2

Student number




2-a (2 Marks )

Compute T.




Solution











T = 2.5 kN Ans.



2-b (2 Marks )
Identify the zero force members.













Solution

Zero force members: EF, BF, HG and CG Ans.










2-c (2 Marks )

Determine the tension in the rope CDE.











Solution









Ans. T T
M CCW
A
N 1500 0 5 . 1 600 6 . 0
0 ) (
= =
= E +

King Saud University
College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
D

C
A

F
2 m
G

10kN

2 m
2 m
E

H

B
15kN

2 m
2 m 2 m
A
y

A
x

0.1 m
A
T
D
B
600 N
0.5 m
0.75 m 0.75 m
C
0.1 m
A
E
D
B
600 N
0.5 m
0.75 m 0.75 m
C
10 kN
T

5 kN
T = 2.5 kN
5 kN
2.5 kN
2.5 kN
Note each
force is 2.5 kN

Question # 2 (Contd.)



GE 201 Statics page 5/8
Final Exam, First Semester 1433 - 34 H
Student name

Marks obtained for Q.2

Student number



2-d (3 Marks )

Compute the force in member BC




















Solution



Use a section which cut the three members viz. BC,
CG and GF.











Ans. F
F M CCW
BC
BC G
(T) kN 8
0 2 4 1 0 ) (
=
= + = E +





2-e (3 Marks )
Determine the moment of inertia about x-axis (I
x
) for
the shaded area using a vertical element as shown.




Solution

Moment of inertia of the strip about its base is:
|
.
|

\
|
=
3 3
3
1
: formula using ) (
3
1
bd y dx dI
x

Ans. I
dx
x
y dx dI I
x
x x
m 714 . 7
12 3
1
) (
3
1
4
6
0
3
6
3
=
= = =
} } }














King Saud University
College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
x
3 m

6 m

y
y = x
2
/12
D

C
A

F
G

4 kN

E

B
2 kN

3 m
2 m
2 m 2 m
4 kN

F
BC

A

G

4 kN

B
F
CG

1 m
2 m
4 kN

F
GF


GE 201 Statics page 6/8
Final Exam, First Semester 1433 - 34 H
Student name

Marks obtained for Q.3

Student number



Question # 3 (10 Marks)
For the section shown in the figure:
a) Locate the centroid X and Y of the shaded area
from the y-and x-axes respectively.
b) Calculate the moment of inertia of the shaded area
about x-axis (I
x
).
c) Calculate the moment of inertia of the shaded area
about that centroidal x
0
axis which is parallel to
x-axis (i.e.
0
x I ).


Hint: Moment of inertia of a rectangular section:
About centroidal GG-axis =
3
12
1
bh
About line AA =
3
3
1
bh .













Solution
(a) As the given y-axis is a line of symmetry, centroid would lie on the y-axis itself. Therefore,
Ans. Y
A
y A
Y
Ans. X
i
i i
mm 120
40 120 120 40 40 240
20 ) 40 120 ( 100 ) 120 40 ( 180 ) 40 240 (
0
=
+ +
+ +
=
E
E
=
=

(b)

Ans. I I I I
I
I
I
x x x x
x
x
x
mm 10 64 . 368
mm 10 56 . 2 40 120
3
1
mm 10 76 . 53 100 ) 120 40 ( 120 40
12
1
mm 10 32 . 312 180 ) 40 240 ( 40 240
12
1
4 6
3 2 1
4 6 3
3
4 6 2 3
2
4 6 2 3
1
= + + =
= =
= + =
= + =

(c)

( )
Ans. I
Y A I I
x
x
x
mm 10 16 . 92 10 48 . 276 10 64 . 368
120 ) 40 120 120 40 40 240 ( 10 64 . 368
4 6 6 6
2 6
2
0
0
= =
+ + = =


Alternative Solution of Part (c)
Ans. I I I I
I
I
I
CC CC CC
x
x
x
x
mm 10 16 . 92
mm 10 64 . 48 100 ) 40 120 ( 40 120
12
1
mm 10 68 . 7 20 ) 120 40 ( 120 40
12
1
mm 10 84 . 35 60 ) 40 240 ( 40 240
12
1
4 6
3 2 1
4 6 2 3
3
4 6 2 3
2
4 6 2 3
1
0
0
0
0
= + + =
= + =
= + =
= + =



King Saud University
College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
x
y
60 mm
40 mm
120 mm
120 mm
40 mm
120 mm
60 mm
Y
40 mm
x
0
A A
b
G
G G
h
2
x
y
60 mm
40 mm
120 mm
120 mm
40 mm
120 mm
60 mm
3
1
Y
40 mm
x
0

GE 201 Statics page 7/8
Final Exam, First Semester 1433 - 34 H
Student name

Marks obtained for Q.4

Student number



Question # 4 (10 Marks)
In the loaded beam shown in figure:
(a) Calculate the support reactions at A and I.
(b) Determine the shear force (V) and bending
moment (M) values at the sections passing
through
i. point B; and
ii. point G
Assume self-weight of the beam is negligible,
and supports A and I are roller and pin,
respectively.














Solution





Ans. I I F
Ans. A
A M CCW
Ans. I I F
y y y
y
y I
x x x
kN 2 . 19 ) 2 6 ( 12 4 . 2
2
1
24 2 . 31 0
kN 2 . 31
0 2 ) 2 6 ( 18 6
3
4 . 2
12 4 . 2
2
1
8 . 10 24 8 . 12 0 ) (
0 0 0
Reactions Support
= + |
.
|

\
|
= E |
=
= + + |
.
|

\
|
+ |
.
|

\
|
+ + = E +
= = = E
+
+


kN.m 4 . 62 0 2 2 . 31 0 ) (
kN 31.2 0 2 . 31 0
load the before just taken is Section
at es shear valu and Moment
Ans. M M M CCW
Ans. V V F
B
B B B
B B y
= = + = E +
= = = E |
+
kN.m 4 . 62 0 2 2 . 31 0 ) (
kN 2 . 7 0 24 2 . 31 0
load after the just taken is Section
Ans. M M M CCW
Ans. V V F
B B B
B B y
= = + = E +
= = = E |
+



kN.m 4 . 35 0 2 2 . 19 5 . 0 ) 1 6 ( 0 ) (
kN 2 . 13 0 ) 1 6 ( 2 . 19 0
at es shear valu and Moment
Ans. M M M CCW
Ans. V V F
G
G G G
G G y
= = + = E +
= = + = E |
+


King Saud University
College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
24 kN
2 m
A B
31.2 kN
V
B

M
B

I
x

6 kN/m
18 kN.m
24 kN
D
1 m 2 m
A B H C
2.4 m 2.4 m
12 kN/m
F E
2 m 1 m
I
G
1 m 1 m
A
y

I
y

2 m
A B
V
B

M
B
31.2 kN
V
G

M
G

6 kN/m
H
1 m
I
G
1 m
I
y
= 19.2 kN
I
6 kN/m
18 kN.m
24 kN
D
1 m 2 m
A B H C
2.4 m 2.4 m
12 kN/m
F E
2 m 1 m
G
1 m 1 m

GE 201 Statics page 8/8
Final Exam, First Semester 1433 - 34 H
Student name

Marks obtained for Q.5

Student number



Question # 5 (6 Marks)

The 100-kg block rests on the horizontal surface and a
force P is applied to the block at an angle of 30
0
.
Determine the magnitude of force P needed to start the
block to slip (i.e. impending motion).
The coefficient of static friction (
s )
between the block
and the surface is 0.25.










Solution


N 5 . 247
0 5 . 0 464 . 3 981
0 30 sin 81 . 9 100 0
464 . 3
0 25 . 0 30 cos 0
25 . 0 motion, impending For
max
Ans. P
P P
P N F
P N
N P F
N N F F
y
x
s
=
= + +
= + + = E |
=
= + = E
= = =
+
+


King Saud University
College of Engineering, Department of Civil Engineering
30
0

s
= 0.25
P
100 kg
F=F
max
=
s
N
1009.81
30
0
N
P