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115. FLORANTE F. MANACOP vs. COURT OF APPEALS and F.F.

CRUZ been constituted as family homes at the time of their occupation


& CO., INC. prior to the effectivity of the Family Code and are exempt from
(215 SCRA 773)G.R. No. 104875 November 13, 1992 execution for the payment of obligations incurred before the
effectivity of the Family Code. Article 162 simply means that all
Doctrine: Under Article 162 of the Family Code, it is provided that "the existing family residences at the time of the effectivity of the
provisions of this Chapter shall also govern existing family residences Family Code, are considered family homes and are prospectively
insofar as said provisions are applicable." It does not mean that Articles entitled to the benefits accorded to a family home under the
152 and 153 of said Code have a retroactive effect such that all existing Family Code. Article 162 does not state that the provisions of
family residences are deemed to have been constituted as family homes at Chapter 2, Title V have a retroactive effect.
the time of their occupation prior to the effectivity of the Family Code and
are exempt from execution for the payment of obligations incurred before Verily, according to petitioner, his debt was incurred in 1987 or prior to the
the effectivity of the Family Code. Article 162 simply means that all effectivity, on August 3, 1988 of the Family Code. This fact alone will
existing family residences at the time of the effectivity of the Family Code, militate heavily against the so-called exemption by sheer force of exclusion
are considered family homes and are prospectively entitled to the benefits embodied under paragraph 2, Article 155 of the Family Code cited in
accorded to a family home under the Family Code. Article 162 does not Modequillo.
state that the provisions of Chapter 2, Title V have a retroactive effect.
Petition DISMISSED.
FACTS: (MELO, J.)
-oLay
Owing to the failure to pay the sub-contract cost pursuant to a
deed of assignment signed between petitioner's corporation and private
respondent herein, the latter filed a complaint for a sum of money, with a
prayer for preliminary attachment, against the former. As a consequence,
the corresponding writ for the provisional remedy was issued by the trial
court, which triggered the attachment of a parcel of land in Quezon City
owned by Manacop Construction President Florante F. Manacop, herein
petitioner.

In lieu of the original complaint, private respondent submitted an


amended complaint on August 18, 1989 intended to substitute Manacop
Construction with Florante F. Manacop as defendant who is "doing business
under the name and style of F.F. Manacop Construction Co., Inc."

Petitioner then filed an Omnibus Motion grounded, among others,


on the exemption from attachment of his family home. He insists that the
attached property is a family home, having been occupied by him and his
family since 1972, and is therefore exempt from attachment.

His motion was dismissed. On appeal, the CA affirmed the decision


of the RTC following the doctrine laid down in the case of Modequillo v.
Breva.

ISSUE: W/N petitioner’s family home is exempt from attachment.

HELD: NO. The SC held in Modequillo v. Breva:

Under Article 162 of the Family Code, it is provided that "the


provisions of this Chapter shall also govern existing family
residences insofar as said provisions are applicable." It does not
mean that Articles 152 and 153 of said Code have a retroactive
effect such that all existing family residences are deemed to have
For this reason, Amalia said, when Mrs. No asked why she was
crying, she did not tell her what had happened to her. She confirmed that it
was only when she was about to give birth to her baby on May 18, 1992
that she told Bernardita Marquinez that she had been raped by accused-
appellant.

Thus, an Information for the crime of rape was filed against


accused. In the course of the trial,he claimed alibi as his defense. He
presented as witnesses Felipe Edroso and Santos Ramos to corroborate his
claim that he and Ramos worked together as duck watchers hired by
Edroso in San Jose, Buhi, Camarines Sur, about fifteen kilometers away
from Salvacion, Iriga City, from July 1991 until January 1992.

The RTC found the accused guilty, hence this appeal. His sole
contention is that, “as, according to Exhibit 1-A, the baby was a full term
baby, it is unlikely, nay unbelievable, that same baby was the fruit of the
alleged rape perpetrated sometime in September 1991, because from
September 15, 1991 (assuming that the rape took place on September 15,
134. PEOPLE OF THE PHILIPPINES vs. NIXON MALAPO 1991, there being no evidence as to when in September 1991 the rape
G.R. No. 123115 August 25, 1998 took place) to May 18, 1992 when the baby was born, is a period of only
eight (8) months and three (3) days, contrary to the Certificate (Exh. 1 and
Doctrine: In the case at bar, it can be inferred that conception occurred at 1-A) that the baby was full term when delivered.”
or about the time that accused-appellant is alleged to have committed the
crime, i.e., within 120 days from the commission of the offense in ISSUE: Is the accused the father of Amalia’s baby?
September 1991. 15 Pursuant to Art. 166 of the Family Code, accused-
appellant can overcome the presumption that Amalia's child was begotten HELD: YES. A textbook on pediatrics states that "Infants delivered before
as a result of her having been raped in September 1991 only if he can the thirty-seventh week of gestation with a birth weight of less than 2,500
show either that it was physically impossible for him to have sexual grams (American) or 2,275 grams (Filipino) are considered premature." An
intercourse because of impotence or serious illness which absolutely infant can therefore be considered a full-term baby if it weighs more than
prevents him from having sexual intercourse or that Amalia had sexual 2,275 grams even if it is born before the thirty-seventh week which is less
intercourse with another man. However, accused-appellant has not shown than 9.3 months. Since according to the medical certificate (Exh. 1)
either of these. Amalia's baby weighed 2.4 kilograms or 2,400 grams, it was a full-term
baby even if it was born before the normal gestation period.
FACTS: (MENDOZA, J.)
Art. 166 of the Family Code provides:
The rape victim, a psuedoretardate, Amalia Trinidad recounted how
at around 9:30 in the morning in September 1991, while she was alone at Legitimacy of a child may be impugned only on the following
home (No’s residence), accused-appellant Nixon Malapo entered their grounds:
house. Amalia was then cooking. Upon seeing accused-appellant, she tried
to run away, but Malapo caught her hand and brought her to the dining (1) That it was physically impossible for the husband to have
room. The accused-appellant then caused her to fall on the floor, covered sexual intercourse with his wife within the first 120 days of the 300
her mouth, and forcibly removed her short pants and undergarment. Next, days which immediately preceded the birth of the child because of:
he removed his pants, lay on top of her, and forced his sexual organ into
her private part, causing lacerations and bleeding in her vagina. Amalia (a) the physical incapacity of the husband to have sexual
said she tried to punch the accused-appellant and to remove his hand from intercourse with his wife;
her mouth, but he was too strong for her. After he had succeeded in having
sexual intercourse with her, accused-appellant left after warning her that (b) the fact that the husband and wife were living
he would kill her if she reported the incident to Mrs. Nenita I. No (Amalia’s separately in such a way that sexual intercourse was not
aunt and guardian) or to anyone else. possible; or
(c) serious illness of the husband, which absolutely
prevented sexual intercourse;

(2) That it is proved that for biological or other scientific reasons,


the child could not have been that of the husband, except in the
instance provided in the second paragraph of Article 164; . . .

In the case at bar, it can be inferred that conception occurred at or


about the time that accused-appellant is alleged to have committed the
crime, i.e., within 120 days from the commission of the offense in
September 1991. Pursuant to Art. 166 of the Family Code, accused-
appellant can overcome the presumption that Amalia's child was begotten
as a result of her having been raped in September 1991 only if he can
show either that it was physically impossible for him to have sexual
intercourse because of impotence or serious illness which absolutely
prevents him from having sexual intercourse or that Amalia had sexual
intercourse with another man. However, accused-appellant has not shown
either of these.

The testimony of Amalia, as corroborated by Nenita No and


Bernardita Marquinez, leaves no doubt in our mind that accused-appellant
is the father of the child. Therefore, in accordance with Art. 345 of the
Revised Penal Code, accused-appellant should be ordered to pay support.

-oLay