Se utiliza para referirse a acciones que se desarrollaron en el pasado y que hace ya algún tiempo que finalizaron.

Su equivalente en castellano es el pretérito indefinido:
I studied English. I bought a car. Yo estudié inglés (fue una actividad que realicé en el pasado y que ya finalizó) Yo compré un coche

En estas oraciones no se da información sobre el presente:
I lost my job. Yo perdí mi trabajo (puede que en la actualidad lo haya vuelto a recuperar) I bought a Yo compré un coche (en la actualidad puede que ya no tenga el coche, que lo car. haya vendido)

Con frecuencia se indica el periodo de tiempo en el que se desarrolló la acción:
I played tennis yesterday. Yo jugué al tenis ayer. I went to Paris last summer. Yo fui a París el verano pasado

La estructura de la frase es similar a la del presente, utilizando el verbo principal en su forma pasada.
She listens to music. Ella escucha música (presente) She listened to music. Ella escuchó música (pasado)

En las formas negativas e interrogativas se emplea, asimismo, una estructura similar: se utiliza el verbo auxiliar "to do" en su tiempo pasado, que acompaña al verbo principal en su forma infinitiva:
I didn´t go to the party. Yo no fui a la fiesta Did you go to the party? ¿ Fuiste tú a la fiesta ?

En la formación del tiempo pasado hay que distinguir entre verbos regulares e irregulares: los verbos regulares forman el tiempo pasado añadiendo "-ed" a la forma infinitiva (ver Lección 9º), mientras que los

irregulares no siguen un patrón determinado, hay que estudiarlos individualmente (ver décima clase).
Verbo regular "To listen": forma pasada "listened". Verbo irregular "To go": forma pasada "went"

La forma pasada de los verbos es única para todas las personas, no hay una forma distinta para la 3ª persona del singular como ocurría en el presente.
I / you / he / she / we / they "listened" I / you / he / she / we / they "went"

VOCABULARIO
Abogado Médico Ingeniero Economista Arquitecto Comerciante Panadero Peluquero Cerrajero Fontanero Lawyer Pintor Painter Doctor Frutero Greengrocer Engineer Mecánico Mechanic Economist Militar Soldier Architect Sacerdote Priest Shopkeeper Artista Artist Baker Actor (actriz) Actor (actress) Hairdresser Funcionario Civil servant Locksmith Escritor Writer Plumber Carpintero Carpenter

Se forma añadiendo "-ed" al infinitivo:
Infinitivo Forma pasada To need (necesitar) needed To listen (escuchar) listened

Si el infinitivo del verbo termina en "e", entonces tan sólo se le añade una "d":
Infinitivo Forma pasada To love (amar) loved To bribe (sobornar) bribed

Si el infinitivo del verbo termina en "y", tras consonante, entonces esta letra "y" se transforma en "i" y se le añade "-ed".
Infinitivo Forma pasada To carry (llevar) carried To study (estudiar) studied

Si el infinitivo del verbo está formado por una sola sílaba, con una sola vocal y termina en consonante, entonces esta consonante se dobla:
Infinitivo Forma pasada To stop (parar) stopped To ban (prohibir) banned

También se dobla la última consonante de aquellos verbos de dos o más silabas, cuyo acento recae en la última sílaba, y ésta contiene una sola vocal y finaliza en una sola consonante:
Infinitivo Forma pasada To admit (admitir) admitted To prefer(preferir) preferred

Por último, se dobla también la última consonante de aquellos verbos cuyo infinitivo termina por "l", tras una única vocal:
Infinitivo Forma pasada To signal (señalar) signalled To cancel (cancelar) cancelled

VOCABULARIO
Sombrero Bufanda Gabardina Abrigo Chaqueta Guante Pantalones Hat Chaleco Vest Scarf Corbata Tie Raincoat Camisa Shirt Coat Camiseta T-shirt Jacket Traje Suit Glove Ropa interior Underwear Pants Camiseta (interior) Vest

Zapato Bota Zapatilla Pijama Vestido

Shoe Boat Slipper Pyjamas Dress

Calzoncillo Sujetador Calcetín Bragas

Shorts Bra Sock Panties

En la siguiente lista se incluyen todos los verbos irregulares ingleses. En ella se recoge el infinitivo y el presente (ambos tienen la misma forma, salvo que el infinitivo va precedido de la partícula "to"), así como el pasado simple y el participio. En algunos casos, el verbo tiene dos posibles formas en el pasado o en el futuro que aparecen indicadas. En otros casos, el verbo no tiene infinitivo (son algunos verbos modales y en la tabla aparecen sin partícula "to"). Estos verbos no siguen una regla determinada, por lo que hay que aprenderlos de memoria. Al ser numerosos, entendemos que lo más práctico es irlos estudiando poco a poco (algunos de ellos apenas se utilizan).

Infinitivo/Presente To stand To come up To wake To be To stand To beat To become To happen To procreate To begin To notice To bend To grieve To keep asking To bet To bid To bid To bind

Significado Forma pasada soportar stood surgir came up despertar woke ser / estar was aguantar stood golpear beat llegar a ser became ocurrir happened procrear procreated empezar began observar noticed doblar bent estar afligido grieved preguntar con insistencia kept asking apostar betted / bet ordenar bade pujar bid atar bound

Participio stood come up woke been stood beaten become happened procreated begun noticed bent grieved kept asking betted / bet bidden bid bound

To bite To bleed To blow To break To breed To bring To broadcast To build To burn To burst To buy Can To throw away To catch To chide To choose To cut To cling To clothe To come To cost To creep To sing To cut To dare To deal To dig To do To draw To dream To drink To drive To live in To eat To fall To feed To feel To fight To find To run away To fling To fly To stop To forbid To forget To forgive

morder sangrar soplar romper engendrar traer retransmitir construir quemar explotar comprar poder arrojar / lanzar coger regañar elegir cortar / romper agarrarse vestir venir costar deslizarse con sigilo cantar cortar desafiar tratar con cavar hacer dibujar soñar beber conducir habitar comer caer alimentar sentir luchar encontrar escapar arrojar volar desistir prohibir olvidar perdonar

bit bitten bled bled blew blown broke broken bred bred brought brought broadcast broadcast built built burned / burnt burned / burnt burst burst bought bought could be able threw away thrown away caught caught chid chidden chose chosen cut cut clung clung clothed / clad clothed / clad came come cost cost crept crept sang sung cut cut dared / durst dared / durst dealt / delt dealt / delt dug dug did done drew drawn dreamed / dreamt dreamed / dreamt drank drunk drove driven lived in livled ate eaten fell fallen fed fed felt felt fought fought found found ran away run away flung flung flew flown stopped stopped forbade forbidden forgot forgotten forgave forgiven

To leave To freeze To get To make golden To fasten To give To go To grind To grow To hang To have To hear To hide To hit To hold To hurt To keep To kneel To knit To know To lay To lead To lean To leap To learn To leave To lend To let To lie To light To lose To make May To mean To meet To mow Must Ought To pay To put To read To rent To rid To ride To ring To rise

renunciar a algo helar(se) coger dorar sujetar con cinturón dar ir moler crecer colgar haber / tener oír esconder golpear sostener herir mantener arrodillarse tejer saber colocar guiar inclinar brincar aprender dejar prestar permitir echarse encender perder hacer poder significar encontrar(se) segar deber deber pagar poner leer alquilar eliminar montar (a caballo) sonar subir

left froze got made golden fastened gave went ground grew hanged / hung had heard hid hit held hurt kept knelt knit knew laid led leaned / leant leaped / leapt learned / learnt left lent let lay lit lost made might meant / ment met mowed had to ---paid put read / red rented rid rode rang rose

left frozen got made golden fastened given gone ground grown hanged / hung had heard hidden hit held hurt kept knelt knit known laid led leaned / leant leaped / leapt learned / learnt left lent let lain lit lost made ---meant / ment met mowed / mown ------paid put read / red rented rid ridden rung risen

To run To saw To say To see To seek To sell To send To set To sew To shake Shall To shear To shed To shine To shoe To shoot To show To shrink To shut To sing To sink To sit To slay To sleep To slide To sling To sneak To slit To smell To hit To sow To speak To speed To spell To spend To spill To spin To spit To split To spread To spring To stand To steal To stick To sting To stink

correr serrar decir ver buscar vender enviar poner coser agitar (auxiliar futuro) esquilar perder (hojas) brillar herrar disparar mostrar encoger cerrar cantar hundir sentarse matar dormir resbalar lanzar (con fuerza) deslizarse con sigilo cortar oler golpear sembrar hablar acelerar deletrear gastar derramar dar vueltas escupir dividir extender saltar levantarse robar hincar picar oler mal

ran sawed said saw sought sold sent set sewed shook sheared / shore shed shone shoed / shod shot showed shrank shut sang sank sat slew slept slid slung snuck slit smelled / smelt hit sowed spoke speeded / sped spelled / spelt spent spilled / spilt spun spat split spread sprang stood stole stuck stung stank / stunk

run sawed / sawn said seen sought sold sent set sewed / sewn shaken ---sheared / shorn shed shone shoed / shod shot showed / shown shrunk shut sung sunk sat slain slept slid slung snuck slit smelled / smelt hit sowed / sown spoken speeded / sped spelled / spelt spent spilled / spilt spun spat split spread sprung stood stolen stuck stung stunk

To strew To stride To strike To string To strive To swear To sweep To swell To swim To swing To take To teach To tear To tell To think To thrive To throw To thrust To tread To understand To undertake To wake To wear To weave To weep To wet Will To win To wind To wring To write

diseminar andar a zancadas golpear colgar algo esforzarse jurar barrer hinchar nadar balancearse coger enseñar rasgar decir pensar prosperar tirar lanzar adelante pisar comprender acometer despertarse usar tejer llorar mojar (auxiliar futuro) ganar dar cuerda retorcer escribir

strewed strode struck strung strove swore swept swelled swam swung took taught tore told thought thrived / throve threw thrust trod understood undertook waked / woke wore wove wept wetted / wet would won wound wrung wrote

strewed / strewn stridden struck strung striven sworn swept swelled / swollen swum swung taken taught torn told thought thrived / thriven thrown thrust trodden / trod understood undertaken waked / woken worn woven wept wetted / wet ---won wound wrung written

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