Annual Education Statistics

ANNUAL EDUCATION STATISTICS, 2011

ཤེས་རིག
Policy and Planning Division Ministry of Education

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Annual Education Statistics

ANNUAL EDUCATION STATISTICS, 2011

Published by: Policy and Planning Division Ministry of Education Royal Government of Bhutan Telephone: Fax: +975-2-325816, 334307 +975-2-325183

Email: dechenzam@education.gov.bt sangaychoden@education.gov.bt Website: www.education.gov.bt

Copyright © 2011 Policy and Planning Division, Ministry of Education All rights reserved. No part of this publication may be reproduced in any form without prior permission from the Policy and Planning Division, Ministry of Education.

First Edition

:

1988 2011

Twenty Third Edition :

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Annual Education Statistics

ACKNOWLEDGEMENT

We would like to take this opportunity to thank Hon’ble Secretary and the Management Committee of the MoE for their valuable inputs in improving the AES report. The Policy and Planning Division, MoE is greatly indebted to the National Statistics Bureau, MoLHR, MoF, RUB, MoA, Dratshang Lhentshog, WFP and also the Departments and Divisions within the Ministry, for their support in bringing out this report. This support has enabled the publication of increasingly more relevant, accurate and timely information on education in Bhutan. We would like to thank all the Principals and teachers of the schools, who were the main contributors providing the required school data, and the Dzongkhag Education Officers, who helped to ensure that the data provided were accurate and timely. Lastly we would like to congratulate and thank our ICT team for enabling the automation of education statistics through the Education Management Information System which has become fully functional this year. We hope that the institution of the EMIS and new system of reporting information will make it easier and more convenient for all stakeholders and especially the schools who are ultimately responsible for ensuring that accurate and timely data is reported. We also solicit our readers’ valuable comments and suggestions to help improve our AES in the future.

Policy and Planning Division Ministry of Education Thimphu, Bhutan

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...........2........................................................................................................18 2............... ..... Continuing Education Programme................ Teachers....... Non Formal Education...............2...23 2...........................................................18 2.........................21 2................ 16-17 2...............................................................................1.........6......... Enrolment.................................. VII ACRONYMS...................................................7 ANNUAL EDUCATION STATISTICS (AES)...............................................12 1......8 Selection of Indicators .........................15 1..........14 1..............................................................................25 3...............4 Efficiency indicators...............6 Table II: EFA INDICATORS............................................ ABBREVIATIONS AND GLOSSARY....................................................................................................... Extended Classroom...........................................Annual Education Statistics TABLE OF CONTENTS ACKNOWLEDGEMENT...............................................................2........4 Education Administration.................................3 General Education Curriculum.......................................................................................................................... Schools in General Education............ VI LIST OF TABLES..................15 1...............12 1....................................................................12 1...............................................................21 2.........................18 2................................................................................................................................III TABLE OF CONTENTS....................................... Primary Net and Gross Enrolment Ratio (GPER and NPER)................................... ........... Schools and Teachers at the National Level..........9 COMMON INDICATORS............................. Teachers in the Dzongkhags..27 3............................7.............................................................................................7.................27 3............................................................ General education structure..........1.................................................................7................. 4-5 Table I: Education Indicators at a glance....6 Table III: MDG INDICATORS ..................................................2.......................................34 Page IV ............................... Early Childhood Care and Development..............23 2........... Trends in Primary Education 2006-2011. IV LIST OF FIGURES.............................................................................................................................................................................................................................. Pre-Primary and Primary Education...................................... The status of Education provision in the Dzongkhags......... Education Structure............3 Schools and Enrolment by Location....1...................................................................2............ 2.....4...........................................................................................1................ ..........15 2.........................8 The Annual School Census.................. ..........................................................7 Table IV:OTHERINDICATORS.................................8 School feeding Programme...21 2.......2.............30 3.............................32 3........................21 2....................................................................................................................................................................................1............ THE EDUCATION SYSTEM.............................................................1......................................................................................................................................20 The following map shows the coverage of ECCD centres as of March 2011................. STATUS OF EDUCATION IN 2011....... ...............................................................1............2............................................................ Provision of Education by Dzongkhag.........1.........................................3 Community Primary Schools............................................................................................................ Enrolment..............23 2... ......................................................................................................... X SUMMARY OF EDUCATION STATISTICS 2011.......................... Introduction............................................................................................................2............................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................................3.............5................23 2.................................................2...22 2...................................................................................................................... ...........................................................................................2...1 AT A GLANCE.......................2 Schools and Institutes......................................................................................................................26 ENROLMENT IN THE GENERAL EDUCATION PROGRAM..................................................................................9 1...............................

.......................................59 7..........................................................................58 7..................3..................1.....3................. Gender Parity Index........................................................................ CONTINUING AND SPECIAL EDUCATION....4........................................................ telephone and internet connectivity............................................2.....................................................................84 11...........83 11...................................... EDUCATION FACILITIES...1..........................1 Teacher strength...........................................................................2 Vocational education.......................4..............................................................................................................................64 8............83 11.........3 Students Abroad............................1 Student-Teacher Ratio............................79 10........................................ SECONDARY EDUCATION (VII-XII)..................................................56 6................54 6........................................................................................................................61 7...52 5...............................74 9............82 11........................................2 Class size.......................... Student................................80 10.............................................................4............1 Non Formal Education.............2..........2..........................1 Tertiary education........................................... VOCATIONAL..................................69 9..............................................................73 9...2 Continuing Education........................57 7.......4....84 11....................................................1 The Water Situation in Schools....................................... .................................................................. Fast Track Promotion of Over-aged Students............................................................48 5........................50 5.........85 12.....................................................3 Academic profile of teachers................. ...................................................................................2........1 Proportion of Non-Bhutanese Teachers.................................................................................................................................................38 Looking Ahead.................. NON-FORMAL.........................................................................................................................................................81 10........ FINANCING OF EDUCATION.........................42 4.......................................................................................50 5......53 5......4......................................................64 8..... EXAMINATION RESULTS................................................................................................................................................................................................................................36 3.....................................60 7.......................................................87 V Page .........................................3 Electricity.3.83 11............................................... Girls’ enrolment in HSS and tertiary education............................................................................................1 Current Situation of Girls participation in education.........2 Girls participation in education by Dzongkhags....Teacher Ratio and class-sizes.....................................................................................................................1........84 11............................................................................................... Completion rates................................................................................................................4 Sanskrit Patshala.......................................................................1 Lower and Middle Secondary Education (VII-X)......................... TEACHERS.................................................1........... Internal efficiency measures..2........................1........71 9. 3....................................................................2 Provision of classrooms................ INTERNATIONAL AND MONASTIC EDUCATION..56 6..........................2................................... Class XII Examination...............................................................58 7.................... Computers in schools....1 Pre-service training........................ Laboratories in schools...................................................................................... Girls Enrolment........................................................................72 9..................................................................................................................3............................3 Special Education..............................43 4..................................................1 Class X Examinations................2 Tertiary education..................................................................60 7.................................................................................................................................................................43 4..............62 8....... TERTIARY...................... Repeaters and Drop-outs...........................1 Primary and secondary education.79 10....2 Teacher education..46 4........................71 9............................Annual Education Statistics 3.2....... Promotees....75 10......... laboratories and computers in schools.......................................2 Higher Secondary Education (XI-XII).................. Monastic Education... ..................................................2 In-Service training...........

......................................................3 Per head costs...............................................92 ADDITIONAL statistical TABLES..........1 Organizational Structure............................................................................................................................93 ANNEXURES.....110 Annex 1............................................................. WFP-support.......................................... Comparative enrolment......................1 Free services and sharing of costs.............................................. Organization of the MoE Headquarters....................... ............117 Annex 5.......................................................................................2 Annual budget............... Ministry of Education.......................................... New and Upgraded schools in Bhutan in 2011................................................................................................................................................................................ Comparative dropouts and repeaters...............115 Annex 4....................................87 12..............................................87 12...............114 Annex 3....Annual Education Statistics 12........................................................................................112 Annex 2...................................................116 Annex 4..........................................120 Page VI ....................................

..... 3 Figure 1...7 Primary enrolments (PP-VI)... 35 Figure 3.........1 Growth in the number of Schools and Institutes.............1 Total Student per class..... 32 Figure 3............... 45 Figure 4.................................................................. 24 Figure 2................................................ March 2011..... 16 Figure 2............................................................. 57 Figure 7.....................................2 Student-Teacher Ratio by Dzongkhag above and below 24.................................................................................................4 Enrolment trend in class XI and XII since 2004.. March 2011.............................................................1eacher-pupil ratio by Dzongkhag below and above mean.......10 Division of primary aged Children (6-12 yrs)........................................................................................................................ ....................................................................................................................... 32 Figure 3..............................................................5 Repetition and dropout rate for class PP-X since 2002............................................................................. 56 Figure 6...............................................................................................5 Division of streams in the Public and Private Higher Secondary School....................................................................2 Class X detailed results...........................................................................................1Proportion of Bhutanese and non Bhutanese teachers (2002-2011)..............................................3 Repetition and Dropout rate by class and gender......................4 Net enrolment ratios since 1998............................................................................. ........ 2010..........1 Class X passed trend since 2000................ 25 Figure 2.................................. March 2011......1 Trends on survival to grade X....................Annual Education Statistics LIST OF FIGURES Figure Ia: Summary of Schools.........................4 General Education curriculum PP-XII................................................................................. BMIS 2010....... 1 Figure Ib: Summary of Students...................1 Total School enrolment by Dzongkhag in Private and Public school...................................................................... 39 Figure 3........................................... 33 Figure 3...................................... 25 Figure 3........................... 49 Figure 5................4 Student-Teacher Ratio since 2004 by level of school.................................................. Institutes and Centres.................................................................. 35 Figure 3............................3 Primary enrolment....... 28 Figure 3.................................................................2 GPI by Dzongkhag.......... .. 59 Figure 8.................... 65 Figure 8.. 48 Figure 4..... 2011............................................................... 64 Figure 8.. ............................. 13 Figure 1..................... 44 Figure 4............ 57 Figure 6.......... Trainees and Novitiates.....6 Repetition and dropout rate by class... 14 Figure 1.................................................................. Learners..................................................................................2 Survival to the grade V and grade X.3 Secondary enrolment (Class VII –XII) by Dzongkhag.........................................2 Growth in the number of enrolments in Schools and Institutes........................................................................................................... Lecturers....................................................................................... 24 Figure 2...................... 13 Figure 1....................................... 45 Figure 4............. Instructors..................................................9 Primary and Basic completion rates since 2006......... 51 Figure 5......... 73 VII Page ....................................................................3 Class XII passed trend since 2002.1 Pre-primary enrolments by age............2 Trends on survival to grade X....... Trainers & Caregivers..........1 Girls participation in the Public Secondary Education since 2003..................4 Teachers per school type............3 Division of Student-teacher ratio............................................................8 Primary Repetition and Dropout rate by class and gender.................................................................. March 2011......................................... 55 Figure 6............................................................................................................................... 40 Figure 4............................................................. 68 Figure 9............. NER........................................................................... 36 Figure 3.................. 2 Figure Ic: Summary of Teachers...................2 Primary enrolment (PP-VI) by Dzongkhag................................. 66 Figure 8....... 37 Figure 3....3 General education structure..............................................................

.......... 62 Table 7............................................................................................................................................................................................. March 2011.............................................. girls)......................2 Girls’ enrolment by type/level of school................2 New admissions in PP 2004-2011...................................................................................1 Bhutanese Undergraduate students abroad with RGOB Scholarships.................................................................................... 34 Table 3.......6: Schools with working landline phone.................................. ................. March 2011......................................3 Changes in teacher numbers per school 2004-2011................1 Percentage-wise girls enrolment per level and type of school........... 64 Table 8...................................2: Student-tap stand ratio by Dzongkhag for schools with tap stands........ 67 Table 8...................1 Number of NFE centres and Enrolments as of March 2011.................................... ................................................................................................................................................................. March 2011......... 53 Table 5....... 61 Table 7.................1 Teacher strength March 2011...............2011......................................................................................................................... 70 Table 9.........5: Electricity connectivity..........3: Enrolment in Primary Education. 49 Table 5..........................1 Student Teacher ratio in schools per location March 2011............ March 2011.......... 73 Table 9..................... 31 Table 3........................................................................................................................ WFP-support and Government stipend............................................ 82 Table 11........ March 2011...................... 66 Table 8.........................................................................................................4 Enrolment in Special Education Institute........8 Details on drop-outs and repeaters 2010-2011............. 61 Table 7.............................3 NER and GER for Higher Secondary Schools.......................... March 2011.. ...2 Enrolment in Continuing Education..1 Staff and Students in the Royal University of Bhutan academic year 2011.. March 2011......................4 Computers in the schools........................................... March 2011.................................................................... March 2011.... 77 Table 10................................................................................................................ 75 Table 9..........6 Schools by Average Class size per Dzongkhag. 74 Table 9...............................6 Net attendance ratio by Dzongkhag............................ per category............................................ 22 Table 2................................................................3 Girl’s enrolment by category and Dzongkhag..... March 2011.......... 54 Table 7....4 Transition rate.6 Number of Teachers who have upgraded their Qualification .............. ..................................................4 Girls’ enrolment in class X and class XI public and private schools 2003....................... March 2011..........3 Laboratory by level of school.......................................................................3 Enrolment in Continuing Education since 2006....................................... 63 Table 8......................... 2011.................... 44 Table 4.. 28 Table 3.................................. March 2011..... 84 Table 12.... 80 Table 10..........5 In-service Workshops.........................................................................7 NPER and GPER 2006-2011.............................. 51 Table 5........................................ 46 Table 4.........4 Primary enrolment by age........2 Number of schools with different STR by different level......................................................................................1 Enrolment in class VII-X since 2002......................... 83 Table 11.................... ................................. 68 Table 8................... 60 Table 7............................ 81 Table 10.......................... 29 Table 3............. March 2011..................................................... 85 Page VIII ........................... 23 Table 2............ 59 Table 7. 26 Table 3. 2004-2011....... 62 Table 7....... March 2011....................................................7 Distance education 2003-2011.4 School feeding in 2011....... 72 Table 9..............................................2 Staff and students in Vocational Training Institutes academic year 2009.................. 69 Table 8.....8 Number of trained teachers by degree......................................... March 2011.............................................. 52 Table 5.....3 Enrolment in the Colleges of Education 2004-2011........5 Enrolment Ratios since 2008....... 84 Table 11..1 Gross or Apparent Intake Ratio (AIR) 2006-2011...................................4 Bhutanese privately funded Tertiary Education students abroad............................... ...... 38 Table 4.................. ............. boys........................................2 Teacher strength 2008-2011....................1 Enrolment per school level & type.....................................................................................................................................Annual Education Statistics LIST OF TABLES Table 2............. 49 Table 4..........................5 Class size per location per school.......................................................... ................ per level.. 76 Table 10................. public schools..........................2 School and enrolment by categorization...........4 Number of teachers who have been awarded with various Degrees 2010........................ 29 Table 3.... March 2011.. 58 Table 7.............................. 71 Table 9........... BMIS 2010............3 Target T: P ratio reached per Dzongkhag..............................................................................2 Survivors to the grade 2005-2010 (both sexes................................................. 2011... 30 Table 3............................................4 Student-Teacher Ratio in Schools per Dzongkhag per type of school 2008-2010................................................................. 18 Table 2...1 Water situation in the schools............ 2011..................................................................... 29 Table 3..........

...................................................................................................... ........................... May 2010............... 2014-2011.....5 Class X results .......................................3 Dropout rates... .......... ............................... 2006-2010..................................7 Enrolment in class XI-XII per stream.15 Right age............................................ Phone and internet connectivity by dzongkhag.............................6 Class XII results .............. 2010....................... 91 Table 12.....................2 Electricity..................................4 Repetition rates.............................16 Aged-specific enrolment rates by class............................... 97 Table A3................................................ 2011...................................................................................................................2 Growth in the Girls enrolment in the Public Secondary School (VII-XII)............................................................................ 100 Table A4. Top 5 Utilizers of Budget.......... 107 Table A6.... 92 Additional Statistical Tables.....................................................................................1 Student-Teachers Ratio in Schools per Dzongkhag per type of school 2009-2011.....................................3 Proportion of Non-Bhutanese teachers 2002-2011............ Table A1........1 Enrolment of girls primary and secondary education 2002-2011.....................................................................1 Enrolment of students per Dzongkhag per type of School 2011............................................ 102 Table A4............11 Details on the 6-12 years old children since 2009.........10 Pre-Primary enrolment by Age............. Repeater and Dropout rates............1 Literate women aged 15-24 by Dzongkhag. 99 Table A3.......2 Primary school attendance...................................8 Survival rate to grade 10............. 91 Table 12..................................13 Coefficient of internal efficiency for basic education.......... 86 Table 12...........3 PP-VI enrolment by Dzongkhag................. 112 Extended Classroom established in 2011............................................. 94 Table A1...................... 101 Table A4............................................................................. 101 Table A4.............................. 99 Table A4.................................3: Estimated cost per student......... 2006-2010............................. 2011............................................................................................................................................... .....5 Total (PP-XII) enrolment by Dzongkhag......................................................................... 99 Table A3......................................... 95 Table A1....................... 113 IX Page ...........................................................................................................................5 Numbers of teachers by academic qualification.............................................................................................4 Teachers qualification in public and private school. Table A1......... 97 Table A2.....................................................................................................................................................................................................14 Number of schools by class size by dzongkhag.........2 Teachers in Bhutan in 2011 per school type per Dzongkhag. 103 Table A4........................................................................................... March 2011........................................... 98 Table A3..................................................................................................................................... 112 School Name change in 2011..............................)........................................................7 Survival rate to grade 5.... BMIS (Bhutan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey) 2010................ 106 Table A6.......... 88 Table 12.................................................................... ............................................................................................................................ 96 Table A1......................... Top 5 under Utilizers of Budget.....................................................................................................5 Enrolment in monastic schools administered by the central monastic body..........2 Promotion..... Table A2... 2003-2011......................................................................Annual Education Statistics Table 11....................................... 100 Table A4......... 112 Schools Downgraded in 2011.................1 Annual Budget Education Sectors 2010-2011 (in Million Nu..............................................12 Completion Rate for Primary and Basic education........................2 Enrolment of students per Dzongkhag by level 2009-2011... ...........................1 Public and Private Schools per Dzongkhag 2011..................... 98 Table A3.................................2(c)............................. 112 ECRs Closed in 2011.......................... 101 Table A4.................................................................................4 VII-X enrolment by Dzongkhag....................6 Enrolment in Class XI and XII......................2(b)....1 Public and Private Teachers per Dzongkhag 2011.................................. BMIS 2010..........9 Net Enrolment rate since 2007.. 102 Table A4..................................... 108 Table A6................................................................................................................................................................ 100 Table A4...................................................................... 2002-2011........ 2011.................... 105 Table A5.......................................................................................................... 109 Schools established in 2011................ 101 Table A4............ 94 Table A1............3 Secondary school attendance....... 101 Table A4.............................. 2010.................... 103 Table A4................... 104 Table A4............................................................................................. 106 Table A5................................................................................. 2003-2011................................. underage and overage details by class 2011............ 104 Table A4.................................. 95 Table A1...................... March 2011................. 102 Table A4..... 112 Schools Upgraded in 2011.............................

Ed B.Ed (P) B.Annual Education Statistics ACRONYMS. ABBREVIATIONS AND GLOSSARY Acronyms AES AFD AIR ASCF BBE BCSE BCSEA B.Ed (D) B.Ed (S) BHSEC BLC CAPSD CE CECD CoE CPS DAHE DCRD DDA DEO DPP DSE DYS ECCD ECR EFA EM EMSSD FYP GBER GER GES GIR GoI GER GPER GPI GSD HRD HSS Annual Education Statistics Administrative and Finance Division Apparent Intake Ratio Annual School Census Form Bhutan Board of Examinations Bhutan Certificate for Secondary Education Bhutan Council for School Examination and Assessment Bachelor of Education Bachelor of Education (Dzongkha) Bachelor of Education (Primary) Bachelor of Education (Secondary) Bhutan Higher Secondary Education Certificate Basic Literacy Course Curriculum and Professional Support Services Division Continuing Education Career Education and Counseling Division College of Education Community Primary School Department of Adult and Higher Education Department of Curriculum Research and Development Dzongkha Development Authority Dzongkhag Education Officer Dzongkhag Population Projection 2006-2015 Department of School Education Department of Youth and Sports Early Childhood Care and Development Division Extended Classroom Education For All Education Media Education Monitoring & Support Service Division Five Year Plan Gross Basic Enrolment Ratio Gross Enrolment Ratio Geog Education Services Gross Intake Ratio Government of India Gross Enrolment Ratio Gross Primary Enrolment Ratio Gender Parity Index Games and Sports Division Human Resource Division Higher Secondary School Page X .

Annual Education Statistics IA ICSE ISE LSS MDG M.Ed MoE MoF MoLHR MSS NBER NER NFCED NFE NGO NIVI NIZC NIR NPER NSB NWAB PCR PGCE PGDE PHCB PLC PP PPD PS PTC PTR RCS RGoB RUB SCD SD SDG SLCD SLD SPBD SPS STR TIZC UPE VTI WFP Internal Audit Indian Certificate for Secondary Education Indian Secondary Examination Certificate Lower Secondary School Millennium Development Goal Masters in Education Ministry of Education Ministry of Finance Ministry of Labour and Human Resource Middle Secondary School Net Basic Enrolment Ratio Net Enrolment Ratio Non Formal and Continuing Education Division Non-Formal Education Non-governmental Organization National Institute for Visually Impaired National Institute of Zorig Chusum Net Intake Ratio Net Primary Enrolment Ratio National Statistics Bureau National Women’s Association of Bhutan Primary Completion Rate Post Graduate Certificate in Education Post Graduate Diploma in Education Population and Housing Census of Bhutan Post Learning Course Pre-Primary Policy and Planning Division Primary School Primary Teaching Certificate Pupil Teacher Ratio Resource Centre Services Royal Government of Bhutan Royal University of Bhutan Scouts and Culture Division Scholarship Division SAARC Development Goals School Liaison and Coordination Division School Library Development School Planning and Building Division School Procurement Services Student-Teacher Ratio Trashiyangtse Institute of Zorig Chusum Universal Primary Education Vocational Training Institute World Food Programme XI Page .

Annual Education Statistics

YC YIC ZDS ZLT ZTC Abbreviation Ave Bht NBht Mgt N/Bht Nu. Pvt Std T:P Voc. Glossary Dzongkhag Dratshang Lhakhang Dungkhag Dzongdag Geog

Youth Center Youth Information Centre Zhungkha Development Services Zhungkha Language Teachers Zhungkha Teaching Certificate

Average Bhutanese Non-Bhutanese Management Non-Bhutanese Ngultrum Private Student Teacher Pupil Ratio Vocational

District Monk body Temple Sub-District Head of District Administration Block

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Annual Education Statistics

SUMMARY OF EDUCATION

Figure Ia: Summary of Schools, Institutes and Centres
Level of School A EARLY CHILDHOOD CARE & DEVELOPMENT ECCD Centres* B SCHOOL EDUCATION Community Primary Schools Primary Schools Lower Secondary Schools Middle Secondary Schools Higher Secondary Schools Sub- Total (B) C Extended Classrooms D Special Institutes** E Tertiary Institutes under RUB F Vocational Institutes G Sanskrit Patshala Total Schools and Institutes H Monastic Education (Lobdra, Shedra, etc) I Non-Formal Centres**** TOTAL*** 597 388 740 1725 69 265 82 90 56 31 524 99 8 10 8 1 9 3 1 13 27 0 0 1 0 1 69 266 91 93 57 44 551 99 8 11 8 1 666 388 740 1794 54 40 94 Government Private Total

* Private ECCD inclusive of ECCD under NGO, private & Work place ** Special Institutes (7 of these schools are included in the schools under B above). *** This does not include ECRs since the ECRs are under their parent school. **** source: Non formal and Continuing Education Division, DAHE

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Annual Education Statistics

Figure Ib: Summary of Students, Learners, Trainees and Novitiates
Government Boys A 1 B [i] 1 2 3 4 5 6 Early Childhood Care & Development ECCD Centre School Education Community Primary School Primary School Lower Secondary School Middle Secondary School Higher Secondary School Extended Classroom Sub-Total B [ii] Bhutanese students in India* Sub-Total (B [i]+[ii]) C D 1 2 4 E Special Institutes** Tertiary Education Tertiary Institutes under RUB*** Tertiary Students in India Tertiary Students abroad Sub-Total (D) Vocational institutes Total (Schools and Institutes) (A+B+C+D+E) F G H Monastic Education **** (Lobdra, Shredra,etc) Non-Formal Centres Sanskrit Patshala GRAND TOTAL 90,546 100,865 191,411 3,875 3,343 296 153 3,792 512 86,491 2,041 80 79 2,200 194 5,384 376 232 5,992 706 8,027 5,149 7,734 15,761 5,149 388 1,935 30 2,353 473 1,456 54 1,983 861 3,391 84 4,336 3,731 2,231 183 6,145 512 94,518 5,149 3,875 5 13,181 7,734 5 20,915 5 2,514 1,536 133 4,183 194 92,155 7,240 9,093 6,245 3,767 316 10,328 706 186,673 12,389 12,968 5 212,326 81,949 180 81,782 163,731 111 291 14,922 10,401 24,432 19,497 11,216 1,481 81,949 14,517 10,432 24,926 20,010 10,508 1,389 29,439 20,833 49,358 39,507 21,724 2,870 5,125 46 5,171 5,091 126 5,217 10,216 172 10,388 77 851 359 310 3,528 53 826 385 280 3,547 130 1,677 744 590 7,075 14,999 11,252 24,791 19,807 14,744 1,481 87,074 46 87,120 180 14,570 11,258 25,311 20,290 14,055 1,389 86,873 126 86,999 111 29,569 22,510 50,102 40,097 28,799 2,870 173,947 172 174,119 291 238 245 483 503 534 1,037 741 779 1,520 Girls Total Boys Private Girls Total Boys Total Girls Total

81,782 163,731

84,421 170,912 7,240 9,093 7,240 12,968

103,727 108,599

* Bhutanese Student studying in Kalimpong and Darjeeling , the data is collected from the dzongkha lopens in Darjeeling and Kalimpong ** All special needs children enrolled in special institute as well as in formal school *** Private Tertiary enrolment in Royal Thimphu College **** The monastic enrolment reflected under public is from 2011, the enrolment reflected under private is from 2004

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654 1.371 897 1.078 494 1.620 1.380 999 2. Instructors.002 1.402 116 7. Lecturers.415 326 515 3.046 349 322 671 1.717 25 25 97 97 122 122 Female Total Male Private Female Total Male Total Female Total Total (Schools and Institutes) (C+D+E+F) F Non-Formal Centres GRAND TOTAL “ * All teachers in the special institutes including teachers who teaches special needs in 6 formal school” 3 Page .026 153 903 105 2 33 14 2 47 31 14 45 316 211 527 6 34 18 14 244 3 68 35 20 85 9 102 53 34 329 1.764 302 505 979 716 459 15 2.553 153 948 105 2 1. Trainers & Caregivers Government Male A 1 B 1 2 4 5 6 7 C D E F Early Childhood Care & Development ECCD Centre School Education Community Primary School Primary School Lower Secondary School Middle Secondary School Higher Secondary School Extended Classroom Sub-Total (B) Special Institutes* Tertiary Institutes under RUB Vocational institutes Sanskirt Patshala 835 319 5.976 76 246 18 340 515 3.161 834 9.949 1.577 77 702 87 2 868 319 5.073 116 7.208 834 9.631 1.072 460 1.261 77 671 87 299 437 944 696 374 15 2.953 1.005 924 699 101 4.765 76 232 18 1.Annual Education Statistics Figure Ic: Summary of Teachers.023 938 943 101 4.

1 3. 2011. (2010/2011) ** Education Expenditure as % of GDP (2010/2011)** EFA Development Index (EDI) Female Teachers (%) at primary level Unemployment rate~~ Children of primary school-age who are outof-school (%) Gross Enrolment Rate (GER) at tertiary level Literacy Rate.850 37 3. Primary Total public educational expenditure per pupil as a % of GDP per capita by level of education.0 11 59. (2010/2011)** Human Development Index (HDI) (rank 141 out of 187) Access to safe drinking water 2010**** Life Expectancy at Birth (years) (2010)* Value 708 30 1. Primary Primary 8 Distribution of total Education Budget. (2010/2011)** GDP (million Nu).9 0.5 GER. PP 150 100 GPI on NER 50 0 GER. 2005~ Value 15. 2010 51 50 49 48 47 46 45 44 43 42 41 1999 2005 2008 2011 % of girls in Primary % of girls in Secondary Tertiary Primary Secondary * Source: Population Projections Bhutan 2005-2030 ** Source: Ministry of Finance *** Source: Human Development Report 2011 **** Source: Annual Health Bulletin.522 88.5 76241. MoLHR Page 4 .0 69 Indicators Education expenditure as % of government expenditure.8 6.573.Annual Education Statistics AT A GLANCE Figure II: Fact Sheet: Bhutan: Some Education Indicators 2011 Indicators Total population (in 000)* Population 0-14 years (%)* Annual Population Growth Rate (2010)* GDP per capita in Nu.8 109.3 0. 2008 Tertiary 174 Secondary 46 Survival Rate Grade 5 NER. 2011 ~ Source: Socio-Economic and Demographic Indicators 2005 ~~Source: Labour Force Survey.

0% 100.0% 60.0% 40.0% 80.0% 80.Annual Education Statistics 2011 2008 2005 1999 0 20 40 60 80 100 70% 60% 50% 40% 30% 20% 10% 0% Adult Literacy. 2011 GER in secondary level for Female GER in secondary level for Male Male Female Total Lorenz Curve: Bhutan 7 6 5 Grade 4 3 2 1 0.0% Male 60.0% 20.0% Female 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 Lorenz Curve: Bhutan Grade 0.0% 100.0% 20.0% Female Cumulative Percentage of Primary Enrolment Cumulative Percentage of School Enrolment Equity Line Male 5 Page .0% Equity Line 40.

01 46% 46% 46% 1.31 14567 14038 28605 52% 46% 49% 0.5% 50% ABSD EFA EFA EFA SDG EFA SDG MDG EFA SDG MDG EFA Goal EFA EFA EFA EFA EFA SDG MDG ABSD EFA ABSD EFA ABSD EFA SDG MDG EFA Page 6 .00 1.01 46% 46% 46% 1.00 Primary (PP-VI) 46760 45920 92680 120% 120% 120% 1.00 99% 99% 99% 1.00 Lower Secondary (VII-VIII) 13743 13399 27142 92% 104% 98% 1.02 99% 99% 99% 1.15 18% 23% 20% 1.Annual Education Statistics Table I: Education Indicators at a glance PrePrimary(PP) Male AGE GROUP POPULATION* Female Total Male GROSS ENROLMENT RATIO (GER)) Female Total GPI Male NET ENROLMENT RATIO (NER) Female Total GPI Male GROSS INTAKE RATIO AT THE FIRST GRADE OF THE LEVEL Female Total GPI Male NET INTAKE RATIO AT THE FIRST GRADE OF THE LEVEL Female Total GPI *Source: Dzongkhag Population Projection 2006-2015 7473 7340 14813 99% 99% 99% 1.25 Middle Secondary Higher Second(IX-X) ary (XI-XII) 14418 13976 28394 76% 81% 78% 1.22 Table II: EFA INDICATORS EFA Indicators Male 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 Gross enrolment in ECCD Apparent Intake Ratio (AIR) Net Intake Ratio (NIR) Gross Enrolment Ratio (Primary) GPER Net Enrolment Ratio (Primary) NPER Repetition Rate (Primary) Primary Completion Rate Survival Rate to grade 6 Coefficient of efficiency (Primary) Coefficient of efficiency (Basic) Repetition Rate (Secondary) GER Higher Secondary Literacy rate of 15-24 years old Adult Literacy GPI Primary GPI Secondary Adult Literacy GPI 3% 99% 46% 120% 94% 7% 100% 94% 83% 85% 4% 52% 87% 69% Female 3% 99% 46% 120% 96% 5% 107% 95% 87% 86% 4% 46% 80% 47% Total 3% 99% 46% 120% 95% 6% 103% 94% 89% 86% 4% 49% 84% 59% 1.00 94% 96% 95% 1.88 16% 18% 17% 1.11 49% 44% 46% 0.05 13% 17% 15% 1.90 9% 11% 10% 1.5% 100% 95% NA NA 4.01 46% 46% 46% 1.06 24% 31% 27% 1.13 31% 39% 35% 1.68 70% 1 1 10th FYP Target NA NA NA NA ~100% 4.28 78% 82% 80% 1.24 93% 107% 100% 1.10 0.

2% 99.4% 89.2% 54% 99% 101.06 0.05 1.01 0.90 1.7% 91.71 0.6% 53.5% 60.8% 96.4% 103.4% 85.6% 86.4% 115. Targets and Indicators Target 3: Ensure by 2015 children everywhere.03 1.9% 120% 95% 97% 93% 100 % 100% 100 % 100 % Achieved On track On track On track 1990 2000 2004 2007 2009 2010 2011 2015 State of Progress Goal 2: ACHIEVE UNIVERSAL PRIMARY EDUCATION GOAL 3: PROMOTE GENDER EQUALITY AND EMPOWER WOMEN Target 4: Eliminate gender disparity in primary and secondary education preferably by 2005.04 1.72 7 Page .02 1.5 % 97.21 1.10 1.7% 92.21 1.9% 117% 93.10 1.8% 99% 107% 67.01 1. boys and girls alike.03 1. will be able to complete a full course of primary schooling Gross Primary Enrollment Ratios (%) Net Primary Enrolement Ratio (%) Proportion of Pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 5 (%) Proportion of pupils starting grade 1 who reach grade 7 (%) 55 % 73 % 35 % 72 % 91 % 81 % 84 % 94 % 86 % 106% 83. and to all levels of education by 2015 Ratio of girls to boys in primary schools (%) Ratio of girls to boys in secondary schools (%) Ratio of females to males in tertiary institutes (%) 69 % (’91) 43 % (’91) 12 % (’91) 82 % 78 % 41 % 95 % 96 % 53 % 99.Annual Education Statistics Table III: MDG INDICATORS Goals.3% 100 % 100 % 80 % Achieved On track Needs Attention Source: PPD MOE.8% 91% 106% 84% 47% 71% 13% 21% Female 95% 85% 98% 97% 96% 61% 98% 58% 94% 96% 110% 92% 57% 75% 9% 15% Total 93% 85% 97% 97% 96% 64% 96% 53% 89% 93% 108% 88% 52% 73% 11% 18% GPI 1.99 0. Annual Statistics Reports Table IV: OTHERS INDICATORS Other Indicators Survival Rate to Grade 7 (Class VI) Survival Rate to Grade 10 (Class X) Survival Rate to Grade 5 (Class IV) Transition rate (Primary to Lower Secondary) Transition rate (Lower Secondary to Middle Secondary) Transition rate (Middle Secondary to Higher Secondary) Adjusted NPER (6-12 aged at all level of school) Adjusted NSER (13-16 aged at all level of school) including underage only Adjusted NSER (13-16 aged at all level of school) including both overage and underage NER(Basic) GER (Basic) GER (Secondary) NER(Secondary) Secondary Completion Rate GER (Tertiary within Bhutan ) GER (Tertiary both within Bhutan and outside Bhutan ) Male 91% 84% 97% 96% 97% 68% 95% 48% 84.7% 93.

0 1.1 1. community participation and finance in their respective variables.1 1.1 1.(ASCF) built in excel is used to collect the data for preparing this report. is primarily intended for use by Education administrators and managers at the school.0 1. Stakeholders feedback) AUDIT (Census Coverage & data quality) COLLECT (Survey forms & Excel sheets from schools) PLAN (Census process timeline) DISTRIBUTE (Survey forms & Excel sheets to schools) PREPARE (Survey forms & Excel sheets) Page 8 . The Annual School Census The data compiled in this report has been captured through a national census of schools in Bhutan.Annual Education Statistics Average study time at Grade Grade 1 Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 4 Grade 5 Grade 6 Grade 7 Grade 8 Grade 9 Grade 10 Grade 11 Grade 12 Average (in years) Male Female Total 1.0 1.1 1.0 1. Dzongkhag and Ministerial levels of the Ministry of Education.Survey content & relevance. Overall the AES provides a sound basis for policy analysis and planning and also serves as a pointer to a whole spectrum of studies and surveys in the Bhutanese educational context. has been carried out according to the steps illustrated in the following diagram: PUBLISH & DISSEMINAT E (Annual Education Statistics Report) REVIEW (1.0 1. 2. characteristics and disaggregates.0 1. The tools are distributed to all schools through the Dzongkhag Education Offices. The “EMIS data collection tool”.1 1.6 12.1 1. checking and returning it to PPD. Report Quality.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1.1 1. Education Statistics and Indicators 2011.0 1.1 1. staff. The Education Indicators section presents information on selected indicators of quantity. The School Census Process.1 1. Researchers in education and associated fields may also find this book valuable as a primary source of administrative data on education in Bhutan.0 1. This report is based on the data collected in March 2011. which incorporates aspects of data collection. data analysis and reporting to stakeholders. data validation and auditing. The School Principals take the responsibility for filling this tool and the Dzongkhag Education Offices for collecting.1 1. a digitized version of the “Annual School Census Forms” . Professionals including teachers.6 ANNUAL EDUCATION STATISTICS (AES) The Annual Education Statistics (AES) is a collection of basic statistical information on schools in Bhutan.0 1. efficiency.0 1.0 1. etc that are commonly used in measuring development in the education system.0 1.0 1. It focuses on Pre-School. Primary and Secondary education and includes information on students. other school facilities.0 12.0 1. equity.1 1.5 12.0 1. quality.0 1.1 1.0 1. educators and allied personnel in related institutions and organizations including the community will find this book useful and informative.1 1.1 1. 3.

It is the analogous to NER. Copies of the AES report are distributed to the Departments and Divisions under the Ministry and the Dzongkhag Education Offices (DEOs) in all Dzongkhags and to all the schools in the country for their planning. Further additional information is also disseminated to ministries. 9 Page . Net Attendance Ratio (NAR) This indicator is derived from the Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey (BMIS). These indicators are also important in the global focus on the monitoring.bt for easy access and wider reach of the stakeholders. The AES reports are also uploaded on the Education Ministry’s website www. assessment and development of national level Millennium Development Goals (MDG) and SAARC Development goals (SDG) relating to education. In Bhutan Primary education extends from PP-VI corresponding to 6-12 years old. Adjusted NER The enrolment of children in the official primary school age range (6-12 years of age for primary level). The purpose of adjusted NER is to measure progress towards universal primary education.education. monitoring and evaluation purposes. statistical indicators presented in the book are selected from the array of standard education indicators used internationally to measure educational development. and has produced a wealth of data for planning. and is called Net Attendance Rate as the survey questionnaire asks if the respondent ‘attended’ school at any time in the current year.Annual Education Statistics The process is repeated every year to ensure that all education sector stakeholders have access to good quality information about the education sector. adjusted primary NER is calculated on the basis of the percentage of children in the official primary school age range who are enrolled in either primary or secondary education. and sector programs can be monitored for impact and outcomes. Departments.gov. which is derived from administrative data sources. etc. monitoring and evaluation. expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population. media. for example. development partners and other organizations including NGOs. budgeting. COMMON INDICATORS Net Primary Enrolment Ratio (NER Primary) Total enrolment in a specific level of education (PP-VI) of the official age-group (6-12years) expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population (6-12 years) in a given school year. in either primary or secondary education levels. organizations and individuals as per need. The 2011 School Census has been a highly successful data collection exercise. policy making. Selection of Indicators Within the context of planning. monitoring and evaluating the educational objectives and targets set by the Ministry. Copies are also sent to the Government Ministries.

Transition Rate The number of pupils (or students) admitted to the first grade of a higher level of education. The adjusted NAR is analogous to the adjusted NER and its purpose is to measure progress towards universal primary education. for example. adjusted primary NER is calculated on the basis of the percentage of children in the official primary school age range who are enrolled in either primary or secondary education. Coefficient of Efficiency The ideal (optimal) number of pupil-years required (i. expressed as a percentage of the official school-age population (6-12 years) corresponding to the same level of education in a given school-year. expressed as a percentage of the population of the same age. Repetition Rate by grade The number of repeaters in the given grade in a given year. Adjusted NAR The enrolment of children in the official primary school age range (6-12 years of age for primary level). Survival Rates by Grade Percentage of a cohort of pupils (or students) enrolled in the first grade of a given level or cycle of education in a given school-year.Annual Education Statistics Total enrolment in a specific level of education (PP-VI) of the official age-group (6-12years) expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population (6-12 years) in a given school year. in a given year. Apparent Intake Ratio Total number of new entrants in the first grade of primary education. expressed as a percentage of the population at the official primary school-entrance age (6years) Net Intake Ratio New entrants in the first grade of primary education. who are of the official primary school-entrance age (6 years).e. expressed as a percentage of the total enrolment in the same grade in the previous year. regardless of age. in the absence of repetition and drop-out) to produce a number of graduates from a given school-cohort for a cycle or level of education expressed Page 10 . expressed as a percentage of the number of pupils (or students) enrolled in the final grade of the lower level of education in the previous year. regardless of age. Gross Primary Enrolment Ratio Total enrolment in a specific level of education (PP-VI). in either primary or secondary education levels. expressed as a percentage of the corresponding population. who are expected to reach successive grades.

whether or not they receive financial support from such authorities. expressed as a percentage of the total teaching staff in all types of institutions at the same level of education. which is the reciprocal of the coefficient of efficiency. attitudes and skills that are stipulated in a formal curriculum programme to students enrolled in a formal educational institution Percentage of Private Enrolment Enrolment in private educational institutions at a given level of education. all educational institutions not operated by a public authority. The EDI incorporates quantifiable EFA goals with four indicators: (i) (ii) (iii) (iv) Adjusted net enrolment ratio. expressed as a percentage of the total enrolment at the same level.Annual Education Statistics as a percentage of the actual number of pupil-years spent to produce the same number of graduates. Teachers are defined as persons whose professional activity involves the transmission of knowledge. to compete the primary level. Here ‘Private’ means. Percentage of Repeaters in primary education Number of repeaters. 11 Page . all educational institutions not operated by a public authority. whether or not they receive financial support from such authorities. is often used as an alternative. One school-year spent in a grade by a pupil is counted as one pupil-year. Input-output ratio. Percentage of teaching Staff in Private Educational Institutions The number of teachers in private educational institutions at a given level of education. Adult literacy rate. in the same year. Student-Teacher Ratio The average number of pupils per teacher at a specific level of education. in the primary education in a given year. Its value is the arithmetic mean of the observed values of the above four indicators. Internal Efficiency of a primary education system The internal efficiency of the primary education system can be defined as the ratio of ideal number of pupil-years to be used by a student and the actual number of pupil-years spent. on average. expressed as a percentage of total enrolment at the same level. Education Development Index (EDI) It is a composite index aimed at measuring overall progress towards EFA. in a given school-year. Here ‘Private’ means. Gender parity and Survival rate to grade 5.

the current formal education system has been promoted and expanded since the first Five Year Plan in 1961 to address the basic educational needs. Within a period of four decades. Education Structure The education system in Bhutan has three main elements: general education. and students studying outside the country. monastic. While monastic education continues to be an important part of the national culture. Chapter 12 provides some financial information pertaining to the Education Sector. respectively. on enrolment. 1. Chapter 11 presents some basic information on education outside the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education. the royal government has been able to expand the modern education system from about 11 schools prior to the first Five Year Plan in 1961 to 666 schools and institutes in 2011. teachers. In addition to information on the academic year 2011. Students enroll in monastic education at different stages in their life. viz. vocational. and develop human resources required for the socio-economic development of the country. non-formal. Chapter one provides a general background on the education system in Bhutan.Annual Education Statistics 1. while Chapter 2 contains an overview of the status of education in 2011. continuing.2. vocational. Fig. summarizing information on general school-based. quality indicators. monastic education and non-formal and continuing education. The chapters focus. teachers and the school feeding programme. monastic. Chapter 13 contains all the Statistical tables. tertiary and monastic education within Bhutan and to some extent information on Bhutanese students studying outside Bhutan. exam results. tertiary. continuing and special education. The first type of education is by far the biggest and is commonly seen as the only educational structure. some historical comparisons are included. facilities in the schools and non-formal. Chapters 3 to 10 present more detailed information on the elements of the education system that are under the jurisdiction of the Ministry of Education. THE EDUCATION SYSTEM 1. Page 12 .INTRODUCTION The Annual Education Statistics report provides a quantitative overview of the current state of the education system. The appendices contain detailed information on enrolment. 1. Monastic education is the oldest form of education in Bhutan and was the only education available in the country until the introduction of formal school-based education in the late 1950’s. spanning from community primary schools to tertiary institutes.1 shows the progressive growth of the number of schools and institutes since the first Five year Plan.

462 as of March 2011. Fig.2 shows the progressive increase in enrolment in schools and institutes since the 1st Five Year Plan Figure 1.1 Growth in the number of Schools and Institutes 730 670 610 550 490 430 370 310 250 190 130 70 10 666 535 408 268 119 98 11 1961 1971 1981 1992 2002 2008 2011 At the same time the expansion of the education system has been accompanied by rapid growth in the enrolment of students as a result of the Royal government’s commitment to education. 1. Among the factors responsible for the increasing enrolment are increased awareness about the value of education among the parents and the government’s policy of ensuring that all children are able to complete primary education within their geogs. total enrolment has increased in all levels of formal education and tertiary institutes in Bhutan to 182.2 Growth in the number of enrolments in Schools and Institutes 200000 180000 160000 140000 120000 100000 80000 60000 40000 20000 0 400 1961 11610 1971 1981 1992 2002 2008 2011 37682 57370 126379 157474 182462 13 Page .Annual Education Statistics Figure 1. From about 400 students in the early 60’s. reflecting a growth of about 11% since the start of the 10th Five Year Plan in 2008.

and 4 years of Secondary Education (VII-X). Since 2006. the Ministry of Education in collaboration with private higher secondary schools. Edu. basic literacy courses are offered all over the country in non-formal education centers. has initiated a continuing education programme. Beyond class X. Selection for the RUB is based upon BHSEC results. Bhutan Certificate for Secondary Education (BCSE). divided into 7 years of primary education (PP-VI). General education structure The school-based education structure in Bhutan comprises of 11 years of free basic education from classes PP to X. which starts at the age of 6. graduates either continue their studies in the tertiary level under one of the institutes under the Royal University of Bhutan (RUB) for a diploma or a bachelor’s degree. Figure 1. Some graduates from the Vocational Training Institutes are selected to continue education at the tertiary level. The duration of vocational training in both government and private institutes vary depending upon the type of course. students either continue their general education in classes XI and XII in Higher Secondary schools or join the vocational training institutes or enter the labour market based on the students’ performance in the board examinations (BCSE). while others fund themselves to tertiary education institutes abroad.3 gives a schematic overview of the general education structure in Bhutan. Level Tertiary Level . Students who do not qualify for government funded education attends private higher secondary schools in Bhutan or abroad and vocational courses organized by private training institutes. System NFE Labour Market Page 14 Pre-School (ECCD) Primary Level Secondary Level Hogher Sec. 1.3 General education structure General Eduaction Structure in Bhutan Level Age ( in years) Class Education System School/Tertiary Education System Public 22 21 20 19 18 17 16 15 14 13 12 11 10 9 8 7 6 5 4 3 2 1 0 4th Yr 3rd Yr 2nd Yr 1st Yr XII XI IX VIII VII VI V IV III II I PP Day Care Day Care Day Care Private Continuing Education voc. At the end of the cycle (Class X) there is a national board examination.Annual Education Statistics For those who could not attend or complete general or monastic education. or enter the job market. to allow school drop outs the opportunity to upgrade their qualifications.1. A limited number of students are selected for government scholarships for professional studies abroad. After completing class XII (public and private).2. Figure 1.

The examinations for classes VI and VIII have been decentralized to the schools. the classification of a school depends on the final class that is taught. while schools that have Class X or XII as their terminal classes are called Middle Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools respectively. established with the intention of bringing education closer to communities and reducing walking distances for very young children. to provide knowledge of the country’s history. Dzongkha and Mathematics were initiated in the 9th FYP and are continued in the 10th plan. are called Lower Secondary. Extended Classrooms are extensions of primary schools in remote and scattered settlements. Moral and value education are given special attention. and in order to reach the smallest population catchment areas.2. At the secondary level. especially for Dzongkha and Mathematics. model answers and marking schemes are provided by the BCSEA. from PP to VI. Schools in General Education At the primary education level a school is either called a primary school or a community primary school. culture and traditions and to teach the fundamentals of agriculture. Schools that have Class VIII as their final class. and population education. Both schools offer. health & hygiene. extended classrooms (ECRs) have also been established. although the questions. 1. Activity-based learning is used uniformly across the country to teach these skills and knowledge. Figure 1.3 General Education Curriculum The objective of primary education in Bhutan is to impart basic literacy and numeracy skills. 15 Page .Annual Education Statistics 1. Commerce and Science The Bhutan Council for School Examinations and Assessment (BCSEA) [formerly known as BBE] conducts the national examinations for classes X and XII. in principle. geography.4 provides an overview of the curriculum up to Class XII. Commercial Studies and Computer Applications while in higher secondary education students have to choose between Arts.2. Class IX students can choose between Economics. As of the 10th Plan. Curriculum reforms of English. seven years of education.

Physical Health and Population Studies Education and Games and Sports Moral and Value Education Personal Scouts Development Agriculture and Social Forestry Socially useful and SUPW Productive work Basic Vocational Skills Area Primary Education LSS MSS HSS II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Learning areas with specific subjects and periods set in the time table Learning areas addressed in co-curricular programmes. Monastic education is the responsibility of the central monastic body and privately managed independent monasteries. Music Practical Arts Health. Page 16 . the Dzongkhags and the Geogs.4 Education Administration The responsibility for the administration of education in Bhutan is shared amongst the Ministry of Education (MoE). school organisations or integrated in the subject areas 1. the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources (MoLHR). the Royal University of Bhutan (RUB).Annual Education Statistics Figure 1. Dances.4 General Education curriculum PP-XII Subjects PP I Dzongkha Rigzhung Language English English Literature Mathematics Mathematics Business Mathematics Science Physics Science and Chemistry Biology Technology Computer applications Computer Science Environmental Studies Social Studies History Human Society and Geography Commercial Studies Environment Commerce Accounting Economics Creative and Visual Arts and Craft Songs.

This includes liaising with institutions at that level. all of whom report both to the Dzongdag and the Ministry of Education. The organizational structure of the MoE is presented in the appendices. such as the RUB. Higher Secondary and Non Formal and Continuing Education. These responsibilities are carried out by Dzongkhag Education Officers (DEOs). The Dzongkhag Administrations are entrusted with a range of responsibilities in the education sector. It is also responsible for ex-country tertiary level scholarships. curriculum development and administration of the eleven tertiary institutions responsible for the provision of public education after class XII.Annual Education Statistics The MoE is responsible for policy planning. and the design and implementation of Higher Education Policy. school construction and maintenance. curriculum development and administration of Basic (Primary up to Middle secondary). supply of teaching learning materials. and Assistant DEOs. both formal and non formal education. deployment of teachers within the Dzongkhag and implementation of national policies. The MoLHR is responsible for vocational training after class X and the Royal University of Bhutan (RUB) is responsible for planning. 17 Page .

968 12.245 3. The enrolment reflected under private monasteries is from 2004 Page 18 . DAHE. Table 2. for students on scholarship and tertiary Education Division for the tertiary students upon the membership of the Bhutanese Students Association in India and abroad. Special Students in the formal schools are reflected under the general students since these students participate in regular education ^The figures for tertiary students abroad are based upon administrative information with the scholarship divisions. It’s not comprehensive or complete ^^ Information on Vocational institutes and the Royal University is from the 2010/2011 academic year.1. Although. The enrolment reflected under public is data collected in 2007. Enrolment. We do not collect school children in other parts of India ** The special institutes are the Sanskrit Patshala and the National Institute for Visually Impaired (NIVI). March 2011 Public ECCD centre Primary (PP-VI) Lower & Middle Secondary (VII-X) Higher Secondary (XI-XII) School Students in India* Special Institutes** Tertiary Students under RUB Tertiary Students in India Tertiary Students Abroad ^ Vocational Students ^^ NFE learners~ Monastic Students ~~ Total 296 5384 376 232 706 12968 7240 191416 5149 20802 861 3391 84 483 108048 48452 7231 Private 1037 3125 382 6709 172 Total 1. Enrolment The total enrolment figures for Bhutan in March 2011 are presented in table 2. This includes enrolment in all Bhutanese educational institutes as well as Bhutanese students studying outside Bhutan.1 Estimated Enrolment per school level & type. this gives a good indicative overview. which runs from July 2010 to June 2011 ~ The information on the NFE learners has been collected by the NFE division of the MoE. STATUS OF EDUCATION IN 2011 2.520 111.389 212. Schools and Teachers at the National Level 2. As the information on students studying abroad without government support is based on a secondary source of data. ~~ Information about the Monastic education has been collected by the Central Monastic Body.834 13.940 172 296 6.1.326 * The information on the School students India is based upon information given by the Dzongkha Lopens in Kalimpong and Darjeeling.1.Annual Education Statistics 2.767 316 706 12.173 48.0. the data on monastic enrolment and students studying outside the country is not comprehensive. Since sizeable amount of students are enrolled in these places.

978 Wangduephodrang Trongsa Mongar S: 51 E: 6 T: 465 Enl: 10.892 Zhemgang S: 32 E: 1 T: 255 Enl: 5.405 S: 23 E: 1 T: 507 Enl: 10. 2011 Gasa S: 4 E: 1 T: 51 Enl: 664 Lhuentse Punakha Bumth S: 19 E: 2 T: 219 Enl: 4.947 19 Page . ECRs.582 Chhukha Tsirang S: 22 E: 29 T: 476 Enl: 15.000 Trashi yangtse S: 30 E: 0 T: 259 Enl: 5.138 Trashigang S: 60 E: 11 T: 578 Enl: 12.179 Enl: 25.553 : 1.428 Samdrup Jongk S: 27 E: 4 T: 360 Enl: 9.73.773 Samtse S: 42 E: 5 T: 687 Enl: 17.169 S: 9 E: 2 T: 155 Enl: 3. Enrolment and Teachers by Dzongkhag.307 Haa S: 27 E: 5 T: 349 Enl: 7.N Map showing number of Schools.788 S: 27 E: 2 T: 203 Enl: 4.709 S: 24 E: 1 T: 218 Enl: 3.267 S: 14 E: 3 T: 219 Enl: 3.060 S: 23 E: 7 T: 252 Enl: 17.412 ang Paro S: 41 E: 2 T: 1.259 Thimphu S: 22 E: 6 T: 390 Enl: 7.151 Annual Education Statistics S: School E: ECR T: Teacher Enl: Enrolment Total School ECR Teacher Enrolment : 551 : 99 : 7.580 Pemagatshel S: 31 E: 7 T: 301 Enl: 6.060 Dagana Sarpang S: 23 E: 3 T: 439 Enl: 11.

is aligned to these efforts to improve access to school for every child. Adult literacy programmes are offered in 740 Non-Formal Education centres in the country. In addition. There are two Institute providing education to children with special needs. to ensure that all citizens are equipped with at least the minimum knowledge and skills to lead better lives. These initiatives have enabled the RGoB to improve Net Primary Enrolment Ratio (NPER) from 88% at the start of the 10th Five Year Plan to 95.2. Extended Classrooms The tenth five year plan emphasizes the universalization of primary education. Under the MoLHR there are 8 vocational training institutes. rural and scattered villages where students have to walk long distances to school Almost 3000 students are enrolled in ECRs this year. NGOs and Community based centres. Most of these students are from remote areas. especially in remote. and is in the process of developing a national policy on Early Childhood care and Development (ECCD). and a literacy rate of 70% in the 15+ age group. five to Middle Secondary and one to Higher Secondary. 9 private Primary Schools.Annual Education Statistics 2. However. the National Institute for the Visually Impaired and the deaf school in Paro. 1 Private Community Primary School. the number of private monasteries remains unaccounted for. 90% NER in basic education. 2. 31 Higher Secondary Schools. 3 private Lower Secondary Schools. To achieve this target the Ministry of Education is committed to improving the quality of basic education and also the efficiency of the education system. That makes a total of 1860 educational institutions in the country. A detailed list of the new and upgraded schools in 2011 is presented in the appendices. Page 20 . 56 Middle Secondary Schools. 82 Primary Schools.1. Schools and Institutes At the moment the total number of schools in the general education system in Bhutan consists of 265 Community Primary Schools. In 2011. 90 Lower Secondary Schools. 7 other schools provide additional resources to mainstream children with special needs. There are 391 monastic schools under the central monastic body. 13 Private Higher Secondary Schools and 94 ECCD centers under Private. 1 private Middle Secondary Schools. two Middle Secondary Schools and 48 Extended Classroomss were opened while six schools were upgraded to Lower Secondary.2. Early Childhood Care and Development The Ministry of Education has approved the establishment of two day-care centres in Gomtu and Samtse. The plan envisages achieving 100% NER in primary education. The RUB has 11 colleges located across the country. 2.2. two ECRs were upgraded to Community Primary School. and increasing access to primary and secondary education. six Community Primary Schools. The establishment of Extended Classroomss (ECRs).1% in 2011.2.

CPS and PS are. Semi-remote. Very remote and Difficult. There are 266 such community primary schools. With the change in government policy regarding woola in 2008. The average enrolment in a Community Primary School (CPS) is 111 students. 2.3 Community Primary Schools Over the years. Over the years several CPSs have been upgraded to Lower Middle and Higher Secondary Schools. A community primary school is a primary school that caters to a specific community. At the moment the Ministry uses the following seven categories: Urban (grade 1 and grade 2). exactly the same. Remote. Semi-urban.Annual Education Statistics The following map shows the coverage of ECCD centres as of March 2011 ECCD Coverage as of 2011 2. This categorization is used for teacher appointments and other policies. the Ministry of Education has been able to enhance access to education for population groups living in the rural and remote parts of the country through the establishment of community primary schools. Table 2.3 Schools and Enrolment by Location The Ministry of Education categorizes every school according to its location.2. to all intents and purposes.2 gives the details for this year. 21 Page . which can be a village or a cluster of defined villages.

0% 642 0.0% 140 0. Therefore the Royal Government has set the ambitious challenge of raising the adult literacy rate to 70% by 2013.8% 9 1.5% 6 0.2% 3 0.233 19 2. Page 22 .8% 2870 1.5% 12.5% 79 18 2.0% 100. Non Formal Education The number of NFE centres has increased tremendously from 6 with 300 learners in 1992 to 740 with 12. Over 26% of primary school students are currently enrolled in CPSs.0% 39679 22. No Total Enrol.6% 3.657 1.8% 1. Semi-Remote No Enrol. This is the first comprehensive study of the NFE sector since its inception almost two decades ago.2% 4.483 1.0% 0 0.2% 21 3.225 1. 2. the PHCB 2005 nevertheless indicates that despite successes in this area. Remote No Enrol.6% 44 6.Annual Education Statistics Table 2.8% 28799 16.4% 9344 5. Learners attend a basic literacy course followed by a post literacy course.0% 1 0.6% 0 0.0% 0 0.288 195 32985 650 173947 100.1% 3430 2.4% 7.4% 7.5% 19. Semi-Urban No Enrol.4% 2. The Non-Formal Education (NFE) Programme has contributed greatly to increasing the literacy rate of our population.2 School and enrolment by categorization.2% 9 1. Difficult No Enrol.6% 4.1% 3634 2.9% 6.0% 0 0.1% 15.5% 5 0.4% 20997 12.768 1.968 learners and 834 instructors in 2011.0% 254 0.2% 386 0.2% 0 0.2% 120 0. very remote or difficult.5% 20 3.0% 537 0.0% 0 0.0% 19.1% 24 3.1% 17905 10.0% 11256 6.1% 15283 12 1. Extended Classrooms Community Primary Schools Primary Schools Lower Secondary Schools Middle Secondary Schools Higher Secondary Schools Total 0 0.5% 99 15. A little over 75% of these students – around 22.0% 22.9% 3 0.0% 91 302 0.8% 47 7.552 21 13.3% 19755 11.5% 1 0.5% 1893 1.9% 91 14.8% 26 4.2% 0 0.750 2.5% 3.4% 17 2. 2011 Level of School Urban Grade 1 Urban Grade 2 No Enrol. From a negligible adult literacy level in 1961.1% 14.677 students .6% 29569 17.141 1.2% 2.3% 8.6% 98 29 0.1% 94 127 0. No Enrol.1% 11858 6 0.0% 1842 1. Very remote No Enrol.8% 10 1.0% It is also apparent from the table above that most of the CPSs are in the remote areas of the country.0% 140 1 0.4.0% 0.9% 6 0.1% 30 4.9% 50520 29.0% 1 0.5% 56 8.0% 22510 12.9% 6.1% 0 0.2% 31 11.002 0. the Population and Housing Census of Bhutan (PHCB) 2005 reported the adult literacy rate at 53%.6% 5.283 4.1% 6. specifically to incorporate English and Mathematics as additions. The study highlighted a number of achievements and identified areas for improvement and change.2% 1 0.8% 14.5% 3 0.0% 94 14.2% 9 1. An impact study of the NFE programme was conducted in 2008 jointly with UNICEF.6% 97 11.9% 34 5.8% 14.3% 0 0.753 2.0% 0 0.7% 36 5.452 2. Bhutan still has a low level of literacy by both international and regional standards.4% 68672 39.154 2. Without CPSs.256 3.1% 5. The Ministry of Education has already started taking action on the recommendations.2% 145 976 0.3% 3.6% 3.650 4.182 0.7% 20 3.8% 1. these students would otherwise have had to either walk long distances or be enrolled in boarding schools to access education. while most Secondary Schools are in larger and better connected areas. While national baseline data on literacy is still lacking and will need to be developed.4% 2 0.4% 30.2% 3.4% 1 0. generally lacking communication and access facilities.7% 33753 38 5.are enrolled in 223 schools classified as remote.1% 805 0.9% 4.5% 3 0.6% 7.2% 266 40.0% 0 0.2% 7 1.

2% -3% 41% 2% 15% 3% 2% 7% LSS 2002 1899 1835 1691 1627 1643 1477 1461 5. Students who do not have access to schools within their own locality are boarded in the nearest boarding school.7. The CE programme is offered in 8 private Higher Secondary Schools and 12 Public Higher Secondary Schools. 23 Page .7% 12% 43% 8% 25% -6% 1402 1330 1191 955 854 596 551 440 Total Teachers 7553 7067 6668 5745 5371 4629 4302 4089 Teachers Teachers Teachers % gr Teachers % gr Teachers 2.7 The status of Education provision in the Dzongkhags 2. The growth in teacher numbers across all levels of schools in 2011 shows the even spread of new establishments and upgradation across all levels.1. Teachers There were 9.3 Changes in teacher numbers per school 2004-2011 ECR 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 116 CPS % gr -0. for remote and scattered populations who cannot access primary education within walking distance.4% 7% 84% 12% 5% 8% 11% 19% 1380 1384 1288 1000 892 852 786 707 999 1021 1053 922 905 790 767 752 PS Teachers % gr -3. Table 2. Provision of Education by Dzongkhag Every Dzongkhag provides basic education for its children. there are over 1600 learners enrolled in the CE programme in 15 Dzongkhags.3 shows the steady increase in the teaching cadre over the last six years for both public and private schools.717 teachers and Instructors excluding monastic teachers as of March 2011. The table 2. As of 2011.4% 10% 467% 8% 46% 4% -1% 17% HSS % gr 5. boarding is also provided in some primary schools.6.Annual Education Statistics 2.4% 12% 24. Additionally.5.4% 3% -30% 4% -1% 11% 1% 5% MSS 1654 1433 1301 1177 1093 748 721 729 15. 2. Continuing Education Programme The CE programme offers adults who could not complete their school education with the opportunity to upgrade their academic qualifications.

G Punakha Samdrup. each making up about 10% of the total national primary enrolment.. Figure 2. Samtse and Phuentsholing do not have boarding schools at the higher secondary level.436 and 11.666 students or 13% of total primary enrolment in the country.J Samtse Sarpang Thimphu T/Gang T/Yangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue ECR Public Private Most Dzongkhags have middle and higher secondary schools with boarding facilities to provide education at these levels to students who do not have access to Secondary Schools within their own locality. 2011 20000 15000 10000 5000 0 Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema.2 Primary enrolment (PP-VI) by Dzongkhag. However urban Dzongkhags/Dungkhags like Thimphu. Thimphu has the highest enrolment.119 students respectively. 1 5559 followed by Samtse and Chukha with 11. Average primary enrolment Page 24 Zhemgang .Annual Education Statistics Enrolment by ownership by Dzongkhag Figure 2. March 2011 Primary Enrolment (PP-VI) by Dzongkhag 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2000 0 Primary enrolment Average primary enrolment The above figure gives an0 overview 5559 of the primary enrolment (PP-VI) in each Dzongkhag. with 14.1 Total School enrolment by Dzongkhag in Private and Public school.

Annual Education Statistics Figure 2. March 2011 Similarly. Figure 2. corresponding with the fact that these are the most populous Dzongkhags 2. More is discussed in the chapters on teachers and quality indicators.7. the figure above shows that Thimphu has the highest number of Secondary students followed by the Chukha and Samtse.4 Teachers per school type.3 Secondary enrolment (Class VII –XII) by Dzongkhag.2. Teachers in the Dzongkhags The table below shows the teachers per school type per Dzongkhag in Bhutan. March 2011 25 Page .

in order to allow children to attend school near their homes. Approximately 5. WFP-support and Government stipend Primary Students Receiving WFP and Stipend No Day Boarders Total 4.644 2. the dispersed settlement patterns of the population and resource constraints.754 22. School feeding Programme The policy of the Ministry of Education and the regional agencies is to provide primary schooling within easy walking distance.4 School feeding in 2011. These two meals for boarding students are supplemented by a government stipend to cover the third meal.8.944 4.398 Receiving WFP and Stipend No % % 18% 3% 21% % 4% 11% 15% 4.944 In the appendix an overview of the WFP-supported schools per Dzongkhag is given. This means that about 18% of the primary level students in Bhutan receive school feeding.955 5% 0 Class VII-VIII Students Receiving WFP No 1. The government supplements this with a stipend scheme which covers the cost of 1 meal per boarder. largely due to the provision of meals through the school feeding program. Around 19% of all class VII to VIII students in Bhutan receives this support. some children have to enroll in primary schools more distant from their homes as day scholars.Annual Education Statistics 2. who attend schools as boarders.175 2.955 4.772 3. are provided with two meals a day through the World Food Program (WFP). In addition.000 primary level students. However. For a limited number of children in community and primary schools the third meal is provided by the family of the children. (Annex 5) Page 26 .700 or 18% primary level of students receives two meals a day from WFP. given the mountainous terrain. Approximately 19.947 Receiving WFP No 19. This is made possible. or as boarders. The WFP further provides 2 meals a day for all boarders in public secondary schools up to class VIII. about 15% of day scholars in classes VII-VIII also receive 2 meals daily through the WFP school feeding programme Table 2.

491 in 2002 and it has increased to 15. The number of new entrants in grade PP this year has decreased by 8. Pre-Primary and Primary Education Primary education is universally agreed to be a prime driver of sustainable economic and social development. the gross primary enrolment ratio increased from 81 % to 112%.1. which marks the middle of the tenth plan. Moreover. the Royal Government has continually invested in expanding primary education over all the five year plan periods and is well on track towards achieving all of its education related goals and targets under the Millennium Development Goals. Two important indicators to monitor the level of access to education in Bhutan are the Apparent (Gross) Intake Ratio (AIR) and the Net Intake Ratio (NIR) Table 3. thereby reducing the number of overage children in the system. the Royal Government has made concerted efforts to expand the coverage of primary education. 111 community primary and primary schools were established increasing the total primary enrolment from 93.5 % average annual growth rate. Recognizing this. investments in primary education pay off handsomely in the long term and have a notable impact in helping reduce poverty and inequity. In the Ninth Plan.974 in 2003 to 1 06.035 in 2010.100 in 2008.670 compared to 16. The decrease could be attributed to declining population growth rate and also fertility rates.581 in 2011 at a 1. Over the years. Bhutan follows a seven-year primary education cycle which starts at grade pre-primary. there are 357 primary and community primary schools and the total primary enrolment stands at 111. Over the same period.117. With PP enrolment increasing fromz 13.1% in 2011. while the net primary enrolment ratio increased from 62% to 88%. The primary GER has increased to 120% and the Primary NER to 95.5% to 14.Annual Education Statistics 3.1 gives the AIR for the last 6 years for both private and public students (excluding those 6-12 27 Page . This is an indication of the coverage of education and improvement in right age enrolment. ENROLMENT IN THE GENERAL EDUCATION PROGRAM 3. As of 2011. There is considerable expansion at the first grade of primary education. The decrease this year can also be attributed to the increase in the number of ECRs. It helps accelerate progress towards the achievement of development goals of other sectors in addition to the fact that a well educated population is a huge asset and a desirable end in itself.

In 2011. there has been a sudden decrease in PP enrolment this year. As shown in the table. the AIR has exceeded 100% for the last few years. The estimate is based upon the assumption that all 6 year olds in PP are new entrants since the age of the repeaters is unknown. that is 5% increase since last year. Although the enrolment has increased by about 0. This decrease could be because of the establishment of Extended Classrooms (ECRs) in recent years which may have resulted in enrolling most out of school children within the last three years.2 below shows the new admissions in PP for the last 8 years.9% since 2004. Table 3. that a lot of children go to school for the first time when they are older than 6. Table 3.1 Gross or Apparent Intake Ratio (AIR) 2006-2011 Class PP PP PP PP PP PP Year 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 Enrolment 15581 17165 17305 16434 16392 16842 Repeaters 911 1130 1055 1192 1127 1257 New Entrants 14670 16035 16250 15242 15265 15585 Pop. Since the Apparent Intake Ratio has been more than 100% over the last years and this year it is around 99% showing. 12% are 5 years and below.1 Pre-primary enrolment by age. it suddenly showed a decrease in AIR with 99%. Page 28 .Annual Education Statistics years old children enrolled in the monastery and abroad). 6 yrs old 14813 13665 13485 13343 13347 13907 99% 117% 121% 114% 114% 111% AIR Figure 3. but in 2011. March 2011 The Net Intake Ratio for 2011 is estimated at around 46%. it is estimated that around 46% of the new entrants are 6 years (right age). In 2006 it was estimated at 44%. almost 43% of the PP enrolment are more than 6 years old.

8% underage 11.3 Enrolment in Primary Education.8% 13.8% 28.9% 71.3 below shows that the total enrolment in primary education has increased by 804 students in 2011 almost half of the last year’s primary enrolment growth.8% Table 3.6% 47.2% Overage 43.3% 10.5% 22.8% 12.6% 20.9% 9.4 Primary enrolment by age Class Right age(in years) Right age enrolment PP I II III IV V VI 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 44.1% 10.2% 61. 2004-2011 Years 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 Students Boys 55941 55346 54705 53571 53260 52187 51218 50443 Annual Growth Total 111173 110369 108842 106100 104467 102192 99874 97849 Girls 55232 55023 54137 52529 51207 50005 48656 47406 # 804 1527 2742 1633 2275 2318 2025 3875 % 1% 4% 3% 2% 2% 2% 2% 4% 2% Average annual growth rate This increase in primary enrolment has also been accompanied with the enrolment of many underage and overage children in the education system (see table 3.Annual Education Statistics Table 3.7% 29 Page .4 for details) Table 3.2% 65.9% 68.5% 8.1% Average 30. There has been a notable increase in the primary enrolment with an average annual increase of 2% for the last 8 years.5% 31.7% 56.6% 38.7% 8.0% 24. Table 3.2 New admissions in PP 2004-2011 Year Boys 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 7370 8088 8145 7612 7751 7967 7187 7565 PP Enrolment Girls 7300 7947 8105 7630 7514 7618 6824 7310 Total 14670 16035 16250 15242 15265 15585 14011 14875 # -1365 -215 1008 -23 -320 1574 -864 891 Growth %gr -9% -1% 7% 0% -2% 11% -6% 6% Average annual growth rate 0.0% 59. The enrolment growth rate had increased by about 1% from last year.

2.6 below presents the adjusted NAR by Dzongkhags and gender for 2010. (i. Table 3. About 30% of primary enrolment is of right aged. usually surveyed at the date close to the beginning of the school year.5 Enrolment Ratios since 2008 Indicator NER primary education (PP-VI) GER primary education (PP-VI) NER Basic education (PP-X) GER Basic education (PP-X) 2008 88.conducted by the National Statistics Bureau.e.36% 100. is an indicator analogous to the adjusted NER. These are calculated based on the Projection of Population and Housing Census 2005. Net Attendance Ratio The adjusted Net Primary Attendance Ratio (NAR). that is more than half of the primary enrolment are either over age or under age. 59% are overage and 11% are underage) 3. In Bhutan we do not collect attendance information. While findings of a house-hold survey typically under-report administrative data sources. Its primary function is to indicate the participation rates of children aged six to twelve in education and not the number of days the child is attending school. the adjusted NAR for Bhutan Page 30 . the gap between the male and female primary NER had dropped.5 below presents the key education indicators for access to education.73% 88. there are children who enter school at the age of 12 or more. 2010). while 70%. are based on the number of pupils formally registered. However it will be useful to bear in mind that the findings of house-hold surveys typically under report the findings from administrative data sources (UNESCO.1% percent in 2011. indicating increased girls’ enrolment. an indicator generated from a household survey –the Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey.0% 96.0% 85. The table below show how these two indicators have evolved in Bhutan between 2008 and 2011. almost equal number of boys and girls are enrolled at the official school age. compared to 17 percentage points for boys. Both Gross and Net. The primary NER of girls grew by 14 percentage points over the three-year period. As a result. The table below shows that the Net Enrolment and Gross Enrolment Ratios at all levels have increased significantly since 2006.82% 115.2. 3.1.Annual Education Statistics As can be seen from the above table. The primary net enrolment ratios increased from 79 in 2006 to 95. It is presented in this year’s AES due to the absence of reliable Dzongkhag level population data for 2010 and 2011.0% 2009 91.30% 2010 94% 118% 91% 104% 2011 95% 120% 93% 108% The biggest increases are observed for the primary net enrolment ratios. Gross Primary Enrolment Ratio (GPER) and Net Primary Enrolment Ratio (NPER).0% 112. Primary Net and Gross Enrolment Ratio (GPER and NPER) Table 3. Table 3. The recent statistics shows that fewer boys than girls enroll in school at the official school age.

Annual Education Statistics from the BMIS at 91.6 Net attendance ratio by Dzongkhag. In each of these Dzongkhags.4 96.99 1.3 87.6 89.1 89. Sarpang.01 1.8 90.02 1.07 . are Pemagatshel. Haa and Chukha have all increased the participation rates of children six to twelve years old in education by more than 15% each.0 75. compares to the NER for 2010 at 93.6 93.7 95. Bumthang.0 by more than 0.4 85.2 90.8 87.02 1.9 92.03 1.00 .9 88.0 96.2 Total 97.04 1. indicating inequity in terms of participation of the two genders. while Punakha.1 90.03 1.3 93. which indicates equity in terms of participation.01 1. 31 Page . Pemagatshel.7 93.0 84. only Bumthang and Trongsa had NER above 90%.9 75. In 2006.3 94.5 94.8 92.9 91.99 1.5 94.4 90.1 91.9 75.7 85.1 97.8 94.1 91.99 .8 92. Lhuentse. Mongar. Samtse and Gasa are the only four Dzongkhags that have a GPI of exactly 1.3 GPI 1.7 92.6 88.3 86.5 94. These six Dzongkhags also have adjusted NAR below 90%.05 1.4 91.5 92.00 1.7 91.5 84.7%.9 96.7 95.6 88.0. Wangdue and Gasa are the six Dzongkhags with the lowest adjusted NAR.5 92.02 1.4 87. the participation levels of girls in primary education greatly exceeds that of boys.3 Female 98. Trongsa. Thimphu.99 .2 91.6 95.09 1.4 92.9%.6 93.06 1. Tsirang.0 91.0. Table 3.7 93. Chukha.2 91.5 93. The difference between the two indicators is well within the error margins of the survey. Sarpang.8 95.03. 15 of the 20 Dzongkhags have a GPI close to 1.7 94. Dagana.5 93.00 In terms of gender. Thimphu and Trongsa are the five Dzongkhags with the highest surveyed adjusted NAR. The five Dzongkhags that have a GPI score that diverges from 1. Haa.00 1. BMIS 2010 Net attendance ratio (adjusted) Male Bumthang Sarpang Pemagatshel Thimphu Trongsa Samdrup jongkhar Haa Dagana Trashiyangtse Tsirang Trashigang BHUTAN Paro Samtse Zhemgang Punakha Chukha Mongar Lhuntse Wangdue Gasa 96.02 1. Samtse.1 94.5 92. In all 20 Dzongkhags’ participation rates of six to twelve years old children in education have improved significantly. Punakha and Mongar.2 92.2 91.

from 53% in 1998 to 95.1% to 97.1 % in 2011(excluding children studying abroad and enrolled in monasteries). The Net Primary Enrolment (NPER) has increased rapidly within a very short period.4 0.Annual Education Statistics 3.5 0.7% percent respectively. the survival rate grew from 89% and 68.1% and 84.1 0 72% 71% Survival to the grade 10 65% 76% 80% 75% 84% 76% 84% 85% 2006 2007 Boys 2008 2009 Girls 2010 The survival rate to grade V and grade X has improved between 2006 and 2011. as seen by the fact that private school enrolment makes up 3 percent of the total enrolment.6 0.3 0.3. the rapid improvement in NER can also be attributed to increased private participation. girls have more probability of advancing to the fifth and tenth grade. In addition to the Royal Government’s commitment to education.3 Primary enrolment.9 0. Compared to boys. Trends in Primary Education 2006-2011 Figure 3. NER Page 32 . Figure 3.7 0.2 Survival to the grade V and grade X Survival to the grade 5 100% 95% 90% 85% 80% 75% 2006 2007 Boys 2008 2009 Girls 2010 95% 92% 89% 83% 96% 90% 95% 92% 98% 97% 0.8 0.2 0. For all children.

it seems likely that Bhutan will achieve the target of Universal Primary Education by 2015. According to the BMIS 2010. then over 97. children with learning disabilities whose special learning needs are currently not catered for and the urban poor. there are more girls enrolled. 33 Page . The improvement in the enrolment ratios for girls was much better than for the boys. However as per the BMIS 2010. with girls sometimes doing better than boys at the national level.4 Net enrolment ratios since 1998 Growth in NER 94 95 100 95 90 85 80 75 70 65 60 55 50 1998 53 2007 74 100 92 88 2008 NER 2009 2010 2011 2015 Linear (NER) Given the recent progress of the Net Enrolment Ratio (NER) in Primary education. while. about 0.3% (95. in Punakha Mongar and Haa.4% of primary education age children are studying outside Bhutan and about 1% are enrolled in the monasteries as reported by Dratshang Lhentshog this year.4% abroad. These children have different needs from the majority of the students. and the key challenge is to put in place innovative and cost effective strategies to provide access to quality education. there are no gender disparities between boys and girls. and 0. The majority of these are children in remote and hard to reach areas. children of nomadic communities and migrant populations. Assuming that these ratios hold true.Annual Education Statistics The increasing trends in both enrolment and primary school completion indicate that Bhutan is on track to achieving the MDG goals. approximately 3% of the primary education age population is out of school. Therefore. However the last mile will require concerted and renewed effort to ensure that the country achieves the MDG goals.09% NER. NER since 1998 Figure 3. In terms of enrolment. 0. 1. there are significantly more boys enrolled in T/Yangtse and Lhuentse.15% enrolled in Secondary level in 2011) of our primary education age children currently participate in education.7% in the Monasteries.

The efficiency indicators and the access indicators together give quantitative information on the quality of the system.1. promotion rate and survival rate at various levels of education. it gives an indication of the accessibility and the efficiency of the system.school children and enroll them in schools to achieve 100 percent Net Enrolment Ratio by 2013. Promotees. If children come to school. These are known as Efficiency Indicators. the Dzongkhag Administrations have also designed their own strategies and programme to track out-of. Currently. dropout rate. However. it is imperative to devise innovative programmes and create facilities to enroll the population group that are not so visible at present. Such initiatives have contributed in reduction of dropout and repetition rate over the past few years. the Ministry of Education has adopted Extended Classroomss (ECRs) to reach the unreached and fast track promotion of over-aged children to reduce classroom congestion and discourage dropouts to some extent. The figures below shows that the repetition and dropout rates have gone down considerably since 2002 by about 60 and 41 percent with an annual decrease of about 8 and 4 percent respectively. Table 3.4. Similarly.Annual Education Statistics Table 3.7 shows the gross primary enrolment ratio and the net primary enrolment ratio from 2006 to 2011. as we near universal primary education.4 Efficiency indicators 3. Repeaters and Drop-outs The efficiency of the Education System can be monitored by indicators such as repetition rate. remain in school and do not repeat too much. The Net and Gross enrolment (NER and GER) and intake ratios (AIR) indicate access to education.7 NPER and GPER 2006-2011 Gross Primary Enrolment 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 120% 118% 116% 112% 106% 102% Net Primary Enrolment 95% 94% 92% 88% 84% 79% 3. Page 34 .

15 0.2 0.2 4.25 0.7 3. 32 CPSs & 99 ECRs) and grade VI (90 PS & 234 CPS).4 0. These two reasons amongst others may be responsible for the spike in repetition and dropout rates in these two grades.6 6.1 0. we know that schools terminate at grade III (1 PS.1 4.2 2002 2003 2003 2004 2004 2005 2005 2006 2006 2007 2007 2008 20082009 20092010 2010 2011 2002 2011 Repetition Rate Repetition Rate Dropout Rate Dropout Rate Though the reduction in the average dropout and repetition rates seem to be progressing toward the Ministry’s Tenth Plan commitment.1 6.6 6 6.7 1.6 3. and these have also been observed in previous annual education statistics reports.05 0.1 5.050 0 PP I PP I III IV V VI VII VIII IX X II III IV V VI VII VIII IX X Repeater Dropout Repeater Dropout II Repetitiopn and Dropout for basic since 2002 Repetitiopn and Dropoutand for basic since 2002 Figure 3.2 0.9 7.6 5.1 4.2 3.3 0.5 Repetition and dropout rate for class PP-X since 2002 Repeater and dropout by Class.15 0.3 6.8 1. 2011 Repeater and dropout by Class. the repetition and dropout rates are very high in class IV and VII.5 11.9 11.1 2.9 9.5 9.3 0.4 5.35 0. thus requiring many children to walk longer distances the following year to their new schools or to live separately from their families –for the first time for many .3 5.2 6.25 0.82. 2011 0.2 7. in specific grades both these efficiency indicators remain undesirably high.35 0. 35 Page .6 5.in boarding schools to continue their education. While studies to understand this spike in repetition and dropout in these two grades have not been conducted. Moreover additional subjects are introduced in grades IV and VII.6 Repetition dropout rate by class 14 14 12 12 10 10 8 8 6 6 4 4 2 2 0 0 12.9 12.9 1.1 4.4 6.6 3.4 0.4 6 33 5.2 5.1 0.Annual Education Statistics Figure 3.4 5. As can be seen in the above figure.91.

2. It is worth mentioning here that such initiatives have been one of the factors contributing to the reduction of overage and under aged children enrolling in school. This is expected to induce healthy competition around the year and also provide much needed confidence to learners who are competitive and also cater to the needs of the fast learners.4. whether this would be the trend or not can be seen next year. The right aged enrolment has also increased compared to last year from 32% in 2009 to 74% this year and a decrease of about 5% of underage children as compared to last year. Most of the underage children who should be in early childhood development centers (i.e. The figure below shows the repetition and dropout rates by Gender and by Class as of 2011 Page 36 . almost 12%. Figure 3.Annual Education Statistics There are many over age and underage children in primary schools. This year we have seen a reduction from about 60% of overage children in PP-III in 2009 to 23% in 2011.7 Primary enrolment (PP-VI) 3. Fast Track Promotion of Over-aged Students The Royal Government has initiated a provision of fast tracking or promoting of students in order to enable students who are over aged and who have better learning abilities beyond their cohorts to advance to higher levels on merit basis.e 5 years and below) are enrolled in grade 1 (Preprimary) i.

37 Page .Annual Education Statistics Figure 3. the dropout rate is very high in grades PP & IV for both males and females and for males in Class V. Overall Class IV has the highest for both repetition and dropout rates. On the whole girls seem to be doing much better in terms of promotion and exhibit lower rate of repetition and dropout compared to boys at the primary level.8 Primary Repetition and Dropout rate and class and gender As can be seen from the above figures.

9% 3. The repetition rate in grade IV remains the highest with another spike in grade VII.218 15.034 802 1.369 13.088 11.222 14.183 483 79 562 1.165 16.7% 5.3% 1.8% 6.722 157.9% 95.Annual Education Statistics Table 3. Figure 3.806 111.4% 77.293 21.876 10.0% 89.0% 93.3% 89. the population of 12 years old has decreased while the population of 16 years old has increased over last year according to the NSB’s projection.225 13.422 10.3.2% Dropouts 2.369 13.4% 5.5% 2.020 16.8% 19.266 48.8% 16.3% 5. Compared to last year.126 Promotees 15.6% Repeaters 5.8% 0.1% 3.6% 50.126 Percentage Promotees 91. is intended to measure human capital formation and school system quality and efficiency.381 794 389 1.8% 4.616 5.300 13.8 gives the details per level of repeaters. the completion rate has gone up significantly at the primary level while the completion rate for basic has decreased by about 1% from last year.8% 91.5% 64.029 11.525 10.581 16.745 8. and the highest dropout rate is observed in grade IX with spikes in grades IV & VII confirming the findings of Figure 3.3% 4.478 12.1% 8.5% 96.586 4.0% 0.356 103.4% 94.9% 93.839 Dropouts 476 -284 -6 -216 460 112 -32 510 265 34 299 731 3.0% -0.007 Repeater 911 968 1.150 12.3% * The students who leave school after Class X are Graduates and school leavers and not drop-outs Table 3.732 16.3% 34.778 16.2% 6.7% 5.418 26.048 15.8% 0.818 46.347 813 506 6.904 11.173 14.4.0% 2. promotees and drop-outs for 2010-2011.568 11.2% 0.2% 5.569 15.7% 3.361 143.393 23.8% 0.246 15.8% 2. Page 38 .8.0% 0. This can be explained by the fact that while the number of graduates at grade VI and X has remained consistent.311 6.6% 93.8% 6.816 24.390 22.746 17. Completion rates The completion rate for both primary and basic education indicates how many children actually complete education.9% 96.628 16.556 13.8 Details on drop-outs and repeaters 2010-2011 Class PP I II III IV V VI Sub-Total VII VIII Sub-Total IX X* Sub-Total VII-X Total Enrolment 2010 17.091 2011 15.0% 0.8 gives the completion rates for 2006 to 2011 for primary and basic education.363 14.317 4. which monitors education system coverage and student progression.082 16. 3.4% 91.834 160.7% 96.808 16. This indicator. The Gross Intake Ratio for the last grade of the education cycle is used.6% 3.830 110.939 40.

7% of the primary aged children in the country. almost all the children who enter school complete primary education. The Net Primary Enrolment does not include these children. Although. i.e. However. Based on the available data. around 671 children are studying in the monastic schools are of age between 6 to 12 years old . which makes up about 0. it is difficult to determine the exact number of primary school age children who are out of school. analysis of administrative and survey data indicates that approximately 2% out of the 5% (perceived to be out of school according to the NPER) are actually not out of school for the following reasons. b) A small group of these primary school age children who are not in the primary levels are actually studying in the traditional or monastic institution.Annual Education Statistics Figure 3. a) A small group of these primary school age children who are not in the primary levels is actually enrolled in class VII or higher. According to the Dratshang Lhentshog. Bhutan is on track towards achieving the MDGs.9 Primary and Basic completion rates since 2006 The current statistics shows that almost 100% of children complete primary education. The Net Primary Enrolment does not include these children. 39 Page . and about 3 out of every 4 complete basic education (PP-X). around 1% of the children aged between 6 to 12 years old are enrolled in secondary education in Bhutan.

348. it is very likely that most of them will be enrolled next year or the year after. In order to achieve universal primary education it would be necessary to make provisions also for the education of all disabled and special needs children. while the AIR is around 99%. • • Page 40 . the estimated number of out of school primary school age children not in PP-VI is around 2.Annual Education Statistics Figure 3. It is estimated that around 5% of the 6-12 year old children are 6 years old and not yet enrolled.10 Division of primary aged Children (6-12 yrs) Therefore. Some of the out of school children mentioned above would also include disabled children who may not be able to access education due to lack of adequate facilities. around 19% of the primary enrolment are over the age of 12 and 2% of the primary enrolment are 5 years and below. i. almost 3%. They will have dropped out or never went to school. Looking at the current age of entrants in PP some might still enroll or return to school while some will not. while some 12% are younger. Box 3. Since the NIR is estimated to be around 46%. The last group are the children 7 years and older who are currently out of school. especially in the private schools.e. The box below analyses some of the possible reasons why these children may be out of school. it is not possible to estimate how many of these children have actually dropped out and how many never went to school. Since the age of the drop-outs is unknown. more than 50% of the children entering school for the first time are older than 6 years old. Given the limited spaces in urban areas and the difficult walking distances in remote areas. Based on the available data.1 Assumptions on why 3% of primary school aged children are out of school • A large proportion of these children are 6 years old and not yet in school.

03 Chhukha Pemagatshel NAR: 96% CR: 100% TR: 87% GPI: 1.00 Thimphu NAR: 90% CR: 85% TR: 89% GPI: 1.5% CR: 87% TR: 96% GPI: 1.6% CR: 100% TR: 95% GPI: 1.99 Samtse NAR: 89.99 Zhemgang NAR: 99% CR: 88% TR: 92% GPI: 1.05 NAR: 92% CR: 100% TR: 97% GPI: 1.07 NAR: 93.99 Paro NAR: 95% CR: 79% TR: 83% GPI: 1.02 NAR: 93. Transition Rate (TR) and Gender(GRI) by Dzongkhag.04 Samdrup Jongk NAR: 94% CR: 97% TR: 92% GPI: 1.3% CR: 92% TR: 93% GPI: 1.00 Dagana Sarpang NAR: 96% CR: 81% TR: 95% GPI: 1. 2011 Gasa NAR: 75.01 NAR: 91% CR: 100% TR: 94% GPI: 1.09 Haa NAR: 86% CR: 72% TR: 81% GPI: 1.Map showing Primary Net Attendance Rate.01 NAR: 92% CR: 95% TR: 93% GPI: 0.99 ang Trashi yangtse NAR: 93% CR: 81% TR: 64% GPI: 0. Completion rate (CR). BMIS.00 Tsirang Annual Education Statistics NAR: Adjusted Net Attendance Rate CR: Completetion TR: Transition Rate GPI: Gender Parity Index 41 Page .03 Wangduephodrang Trongsa Mongar NAR: 87.02 NAR: 86% CR: 75% TR: 94% GPI: 1.7% CR: 76% TR: 93% GPI: 1.3% CR: 69% TR: 82% GPI: 1.02 NAR: 87.00 Lhuentse Punakha Bumth NAR: 97.06 Trashigang NAR: 92% CR: 100% TR: 68% GPI: 0.6% CR: 96% TR: 90% GPI: 0.4% CR: 65% TR: 83% GPI: 1.

The other and the more critical concern is the quality of education. children of nomadic communities and migrant populations. The increase in enrolment at the primary education level is now placing enormous pressure at the secondary schools. Currently. These children are expected to children in remote and hard to reach areas. A major challenge therefore lies in maintaining a level of resources to support both expansion and qualitative development of the basic education programme. Therefore another key challenge will be to provide space at the secondary level for students moving up from the primary level. the quality of education has increasingly become a subject of public discussion. and the key challenge is to put in place innovative and cost effective strategies to provide access and quality education. Page 42 . particularly in the context of a knowledge society. it is estimated that 3% of the primary aged children are out of school. facilities and finance and severely tested the capacity of the system to deliver Bhutan’s commitment to provide quality education for all. These children have different needs from the majority of the students. improving the quality of education is a critical challenge for the education sector in the 10th FYP. It is felt that the quality of education has not kept pace with the both expansion of the education system or the times.Annual Education Statistics Looking Ahead The increasing enrolment and primary school completion rates indicate that Bhutan is on track to achieving the MDG goals. However the last mile will be the hardest to achieve. thus resulting in overcrowded classrooms. The critical role of education in a nation’s development and progress. is universally accepted. children with learning disabilities whose special learning needs are currently not catered for and children of urban poor. and in recent times. Progress made within the primary education programme over the last decade to meet the MDGs and the Education for All goals has placed enormous pressure on limited resources of teachers. Therefore.

6 schools were upgraded to Lower Secondary and 5 to Middle Secondary in the 2011 academic year. a majority of the students now proceed on to grade X and beyond. Enrolment in classes VII to X increased from 28. 43 Page .Annual Education Statistics 4. To accommodate this expansion. SECONDARY EDUCATION (VII-XII) The objective of the secondary education development programme in the Tenth Plan is to enhance net enrolment in basic education level to near 90% and maintain the proportion of students continuing to class XI in government schools at approximately 40% of the graduating grade X cohort. The other objective for Secondary education programme is to make it more relevant by realigning the curriculum to meet the emerging needs of the Bhutanese economy.1 Lower and Middle Secondary Education (VII-X) The following table gives the enrolment for classes VII to X since 2002. of 108% and 93% respectively. two years of middle secondary and two years of higher secondary school. With the basic education level being raised from grade VIII to X. at basic education level. 4. Secondary education in Bhutan follows a six-year cycle comprising of two years of lower secondary. The annual growth at this level has been very high since 1995.833 in 2003 to 48. there are 150 lower and middle secondary schools contributing to the gross enrolment ratio and net enrolment ratio. Since private schools hardly offer these levels there is no distinction made between public and private students. especially compared with the growth in primary education. Currently. two middle secondary schools have been established.834 in 2011.

6% i.e. Though the rate is low in terms of correct age enrolment i.7% 5. Not only do girls have very high primary school enrolment ratios.7% % 5% 7. with again more girls enrolled at the correct age.e. 35 %( VII-VIII) and 27 %( IX-X) in Lower and Middle Secondary level respectively. (See summary for details) As of recent statistics. Survival to grade 10 on survival to grade X Figure 4. girls are more likely to continue on to secondary school.Annual Education Statistics Table 4.6% 8.1% 6.1 Trends 90% 85% 80% 75% 70% 65% 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 Survival to grade X Linear (Survival to grade X) 72% 70% 78% 85% 80% Page 44 . More girls transition to the secondary level than boys.3% increase since last year.0% 7. Transition Rate from Primary to Secondary education is 96.0% 6.7% for the past eight years. they are also more likely to continue their education at the secondary level. about 2. The difference between male and female transition rates is negligible.5% 7.1 Enrolment in class VII-X since 2002 Year 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 Enrolment in Class VII-X Boys 23606 22958 21627 20353 19664 18315 17258 16256 Girls 25228 23764 21978 20502 19247 17882 16572 15192 Total 48834 46722 43605 40855 38911 36197 33830 31448 Annual Growth Growth 2112 3117 2750 1944 2714 2367 2382 2565 6. But the overall gross enrolment ratio stands at 98 and 78% respectively. the transition rate is 97% for girls and 96% for boys.9% Average annual growth rate There is a remarkable increase in the secondary enrolment with an annual increase of 6.

For all children combined.1 to 85 percent. it is quite impressive to see 100% retention in these levels. Moreover it is also essential to ensure that every citizen of Bhutan completes at least the primary education cycle to ensure literacy and numeracy.Annual Education Statistics Survival to grade 10 Figure 4. girls have more probability of advancing to the tenth grade. Compared to boys. around 10. Compared to 2003 the repetition rate has gone down significantly. It is estimated that within the 9th FYP period. although it has remained stable for the last 3 to 4 years. 45 Page .000 children have left the education system illiterate. III and VI. Generally there are more females participating at Primary and Lower Secondary level than males. this indicator grew from 68. Class IX and Class IV show a high drop-out rate. It is quite surprising to see that there is no dropout in class I. This indicates that fewer females than males are transitioning from the Lower Secondary to the Middle Secondary level.2 Trends on survival to grade X Girls 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 65% Boys 85% 84% 76% 84% 80% 75% 76% 72% 71% The survival rate to grade X showed the improvement between 2006 and 2010. The number of drop-outs in PP had also increased. while this may be a statistical error.3 Repetition and Dropout rate by class and gender This year the drop-out rate in class IX has increased. It is essential to eliminate drop out or reduce the dropout rate to 0% at the Primary Education level in order to achieve the goal of 100% NER. The total number of drop-outs is lower than last year. this pattern shifts at the Middle secondary level where there are more males than female learners. Figure 4.

which means that more female students who enter PP are likely to reach the last grade as compared to boys. Since 2005 gender disaggregated data is available.000 1.1.Annual Education Statistics 4.000 1. Some more years of gender disaggregated data is required to analyze the gender differences.000 1. Unlike last year. The survival incidence for girls is much higher than boys.000 1.1.000 1.000 1. 65 to 80% of all the children starting PP will eventually graduate. the girls performed much better than the boys this year.000 1.000 1. regardless of repetition.2 compares the indicator ‘survivors to the grade’ for the last 6 years.000 1.000 1.000 1. The survival rate to the last grade of primary school is an official indicator to track progress toward the second UN Millennium Development Goal (MDG). boys. Table 4. girls) PP Survivors to the grade 2010 Survivors to the grade 2009 Survivors to the grade 2008 Survivors to the grade 2007 Survivors to the grade 2006 Survivors to the grade 2005 Survivors to the grade 2010 Survivors to the grade 2009 Survivors to the grade 2008 Survivors to the grade 2007 Survivors to the grade 2006 Survivors to the grade 2005 Survivors to the grade 2010 Survivors to the grade 2009 Survivors to the grade 2008 Survivors to the grade 2007 Survivors to the grade 2006 Survivors to the grade 2005 1.2 Survivors to the grade 2005-2010 (both sexes.000 1. Internal efficiency measures The coefficient of internal efficiency for basic education reveals the efficiency of the Bhutanese education system.000 1. while quite often they may not be indicators of a trend.000 II 971 955 987 967 988 980 966 952 981 950 988 979 976 957 991 985 976 980 III 971 943 974 942 962 947 966 933 960 919 959 937 975 952 986 968 953 957 IV 971 936 964 924 954 932 Boys 966 918 939 882 948 913 Girls 975 952 986 968 948 950 945 929 962 946 918 911 945 914 945 922 895 877 945 909 930 916 887 857 925 855 894 861 824 793 917 842 856 837 800 763 852 842 797 760 717 707 936 865 902 831 894 862 912 823 851 790 844 811 912 804 832 767 815 775 892 760 788 717 781 710 892 760 780 684 762 681 837 760 753 645 713 657 V 941 898 933 887 911 886 VI 933 869 899 854 874 844 VII 933 857 882 839 856 815 VIII 913 808 841 786 808 750 IX 910 802 819 757 786 720 X 850 802 777 701 720 682 Both Sexes Page 46 . On average 2005 was a weak year. Table 4. The coefficient has increased by about 17% since 2004. which calls for universal primary education by the year 2015.000 1. Since Bhutan has a small education system individual incidences have a great impact. therefore displaying an increased internal efficiency.000 966 973 997 979 1.000 1. and about 4% since last year.000 I 971 967 1000 986 997 1.000 1.000 1.000 993 982 1. and it is fair to say that for the last 6 years.000 999 976 961 1. The survival rate to the last grade is the percentage of a cohort of students who enter the first grade of primary education and who are expected to reach the last grade.

99 Zhemgang NAR: 58% GPI: 0.4 Lhuentse Punakha NAR: 56% GPI: 1.87 NAR: 49% GPI: 1.77 Trashi yangtse NAR: 33% GPI: 1.02 Samtse Chhukha NAR: 58% GPI: 1.17 Trashigang NAR: 39% GPI: 1.00 Tsirang Annual Education Statistics NAR: Adjusted Secondary Net Attendance Rate GPI: Gender Parity Index (Secondary) 47 Page .01 NAR: 40% GPI: 0.88 NAR: 49% GPI: 0.93 Pemagatshel NAR: 59% GPI: 0. BMIS.92 Thimphu Haa NAR: 42% GPI: 1.12 NAR: 65% GPI: 1.08 Paro NAR: 76% GPI: 0.41 NAR: 65% GPI: 1.33 NAR: 50% GPI: 1.17 Wangduephodrang Trongsa Mongar NAR: 49% GPI: 1.14 Bumth ang NAR: 47% GPI: 0.Map showing Secondary Adjusted Net Attendance Rate and Gender Parity Index by Dzongkhag.01 Dagana Sarpang NAR: 60% GPI: 0. 2011 N Gasa NAR: 36% GPI: 1.86 Samdrup Jongk NAR: 54% GPI: 1.40 NAR: 60% GPI: 1.

Those students. In fact girls have been doing much better then boys for the past 6 years.Annual Education Statistics Although 93% of children enrolled in grade PP had reached the last grade of primary in 2010. 4.804 in 2003 to 13. with sometimes girls doing better than boys in terms of enrolment. who do not qualify. lower and middle secondary education levels. join the Vocational Training Institutes (VTIs) or enter the labour force. 85% (850 of every 1.4 Enrolment trend in class XI and XII since 2004 16000 14000 12000 10000 8000 6000 4000 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 enrolment trend in classes XI & XII Linear (enrolment trend in classes XI & XII) Page 48 .4 shows the enrolment trend in class XI and XII since 2004 Enrolment Trend in class XI and XII since 2004 Figure 4. There are currently 44 higher secondary schools including 13 private schools in the country. a significant number of children continue to drop out of school before completing the primary education cycle. with an increase of 5% since last year. there has been a notable increase in the number of students continuing their education beyond grade X. and the Royal Government’s decision to raise the basic education to grade X. The enrolment in grades XI-XII has increased from 5. Today.940 in 2011. there are twenty seven private schools catering to the various education levels in the country. Although there is room to improve the data quality for this indicator. an increase of about 7% over last year. The recent statistics show a significant increase in the number of students completing basic education. about 9% jump since 2005. the general trend in the last six years is that more children who start primary are reaching grade 6. Establishment of private schools is being encouraged to develop a more sustainable education system as well as to diversify choices for education to the public. The top 40% of Students who graduate from Class X are admitted in public Higher Secondary Schools based on their performance in the BCSE.000 student who enroll in grade PP) graduate. One middle secondary school has been upgraded to higher secondary level in 2011. Figure 4. There are no major gender disparities between boys and girls.2 Higher Secondary Education (XI-XII) Due to the increased enrolment at the primary. continue their education in Private Higher Secondary schools.

However the GPI for grades XI & XII falls to 0. Figure 4. The gender gap continues to widen at the Secondary level with GPI at 1.09 0. Only a few private schools offer Science.1. Commerce appears to be the most popular stream among the private school students. This indicates that more girls participate in education than boys in the primary education. this growth will continue for quite some time. While the enrolment of right age (17-18 year olds) students is low.Annual Education Statistics Overall. 2011 Figure 4. With the increase in the enrolment at the primary level and the continued increase in transition rates from Primary to Secondary and from Secondary to Higher Secondary. The NER in Higher Secondary education currently stands at only 17%. the overall enrolment in classes XI and XII is 49% (GER).5 Division of streams in the Public and Private Higher Secondary School 9% 9% 35% 56% 35% 56% Arts Commerce Science Arts Commerce Science 49 Page .4% 64. The main reason for the increase in Science enrolment this year could be attributed to the increase in number of Science seats in government schools. Division of Streams in the Public Higher Secondary School. the students can choose among three different streams.88 Girls have overtaken boys in terms of right age enrolment both in primary and secondary education and the GPI at the primary level stands at 1.3 NER and GER for Higher Secondary Schools Male NER GER 16% 52% Female 18% 46% Total 17% 49% GPI 1.4 Transition rate Male Transition rate (Primary to Lower Secondary) Transition rate (Lower Secondary to Middle Secondary) Transition rate (Middle Secondary to Higher Secondary) 96. Science.90 97. the enrolment has increased tremendously in the last 12 years.0% 96.5 shows the distribution of enrolment among the streams offered by public and private schools.4% After class X. The majority of the students in government schools opt for Science.99 0.6% 95. Arts and Commerce.88 completely reversing the gender gap in favour of boys and indicating that significantly fewer girls transition to the Higher Secondary level than boys.1% Female 97.0% Total 96.6% GPI 1.8% 61.01 0. Table 4.02 in 2011. Table 4.0% 67.

Bhutan along with the international community committed to achieving Millennium Development Goals (MDGs) by the year 2015. 5. Even at the higher secondary level. Page 50 .4% in 2011with an increase of 0. The national survival rate for girls in primary school stands at 94.1 below shows the steady increase in participation of girls in secondary education. girls’ enrolment as a percentage of total school enrolment is about 50%. The percentage of girls’ enrolment in Secondary education has increased from 45% in 2002 to 50. especially in terms of quality of education to addresse socio-economic needs.8 % over last year.Annual Education Statistics 5. Fig.1 Current Situation of Girls participation in education Girls’ enrolment over the last 6 years has shown a steady increase. much improvement is still required. two are specifically related to education: of these MDG 3 aims to reduce the gender gap in education. the enrolment of girls has been increasing steadily over the years. Girls Enrolment In 2000.2%.4 girls for every 100 boys (which indicates there are more girls enrolled than boys at the official age group). at every level of general education. Of the eight goals. Girls therefore make-up more than half the total enrolment at the secondary level. While notable progress has been made in the category of enrolment. With the exception of the higher secondary level. 5. Bhutan has achieved an impressive girl’s Primary Net Enrolment Ratio of 96% compared to 94% for boys with the girl/boy ratio of 100.5% exceeding that of boys at 91.

This indicates that right age participation level of girls is higher as compared to boys.5% ECR 48. At the Higher Secondary level enrolment in private schools has increased to 48% (see Table 5.4% Table 5.0% 48.2 shows that at the higher level education.8% 51. When we compare the same figures for students of the appropriate age for the level. 17 to 18 years of age.7% 42. girls’ enrolment is lower than boys.9% 53. an increase from 2006 where this amounted to 41%.3% PS 50. that about 85 girls for every 100 boys continue their education in grades XI and XII.3% 50.6% HSS 50.1 Girls participation in the Public Secondary Education since 2003 Girls Enrolment in Secondary since 2003 30000 28000 26000 24000 22000 20000 18000 16000 14000 2003 28076 26437 24393 22638 21228 19531 17995 16384 14820 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Girls Enrolment over the years Linear (Girls Enrolment over the years) Enrolment in private Secondary Schools –grades VII to XII .Girls participation in the Public Secondary Education since 2003 Annual Education Statistics Figure 5.3% 49.1% LSS 49.9% 52. we find that while comparing total enrolment at the higher secondary level. i.4% CPS 49.1% 49.4% 49. 51 Page .2% 50. Table 5.we see that there are 107 girls for every 100 boys enrolled in classes XI and XII. compared to 8% in 2006.1 Percentage-wise girls enrolment per level and type of school. March 2011 Class PP-VI VII-VIII IX-X XI-XII PP-XII Private 48.8% 53. girls are seen to reduce in numbers as they proceed to higher classes especially after class X.6% 53.8% 50. In higher secondary schools.3% 45.1 below).e.8% 48.has increased to 11% of total enrolment.7% 51. On analyzing the data from the Annual School Census Tool (ASCT).0% MSS 49.1% 50.

997 Total 15.568 IX X Sub-Total 32 39 71 65 92 157 - 3.604 1.085 3.166 2.105 5.501 1.924 5.621 Girls 123 173 143 151 184 152 127 1.403 2.2 Girls participation in education by Dzongkhag Table 5.719 2.035 2.331 5.374 Total 14 20.205 21.558 1.476 4.642 Total 2.245 2.569 4.042 2.517 49.457 8.937 14.170 1.077 Girls 7.547 2.357 1.281 1.150 2.630 17.053 Total 287 346 282 282 342 286 252 2.653 5.794 2.206 5.364 2.870 29.458 6.555 5.135 7.199 35.806 587 424 292 82 4 1.819 Girls Total Girls 1.514 3.018 5.321 8.3 gives a regional picture of the number of girls enrolled and the percentage they contribute to the total enrolment under the different categories of schools by Dzongkhag.641 2.082 16.870 Extended Classroom Community Primary Schools Girls 2.352 1.689 2.746 17.253 13.123 3.876 10. The higher secondary GER for boys stands at 52% -significantly higher than for girls at 46%.347 1.523 2.216 1.873 173.747 Higher Secondary Schools Total Total 4.837 1.401 10. Table 5. However the NER for boys at 16% is much lower than the 18% NER for girls.291 11.855 4.097 3.791 5.350 4.413 6.586 6.667 7.352 7.464 2.010 26 39.770 3.566 2. especially in small population groups where a 50-50 gender division is almost never present.820 2.628 6.151 1.981 2.389 2.058 10.640 5.479 1.150 4.041 3.745 2.461 5.538 3. The further research to better understand what the underlying cause of this phenomenon is essential to promote a better gender balance at this level.687 7.358 14 26 1.496 1. the right age participation levels of girls exceeds that of boys.418 26.862 6.585 2.316 6.063 8.390 22.Annual Education Statistics This is borne out when analyzing the indicators for GER and NER at this level separately for boys and girls.439 10.647 2. Page 52 .192 2. (see Table III Education Indicators at a Glance).184 878 635 160 13 Sub-Total 1.432 20.940 Sub-Total 3.208 Middle Secondary Schools Girls 976 1.714 6.353 2.269 8.173 VII VIII Sub-Total 61 59 120 112 113 225 - 4.926 86.581 16. since it does not take into account differences in overall population.611 5.475 1.025 10.412 4.683 8.2 Girls’ enrolment by type/level of school.613 404 415 819 769 811 1.546 3.580 7.125 1.389 2.284 2.479 13.273 11.724 3.432 20.436 14.507 3.526 29.443 5.833 24.517 Primary Schools Lower Secondary Schools Total 4.293 5.660 3.266 XI XII 1.833 17.358 7. March 2011 Private Schools Class Girls Total Girls Total PP I II III IV V VI 416 279 234 190 152 145 110 853 607 497 389 304 258 217 3.568 55.150 12.702 1.947 5.290 1.709 14.987 2.609 6.091 10.020 16.439 10.369 13.247 2.444 14.508 5.897 11.232 111. This indicates that while the participation levels of boys is higher than that of girls at the higher secondary level.006 3.019 3.569 15. Girls enrolment as a percentage of the total enrolment is a crude indicator.358 2.

March 2011 Urban Grade 1 Enrol Bhutan Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pemagatshel Punakha Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang 79 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 % Urban Grade Semi-Urban Semi-Remote 2 Enrol % Enrol % Enrol % Remote Enrol % Very Remote Enrol % Difficult Enrol % Total Enrol 86873 2264 48% 49% 47% 52% 44% 49% 42% 50% 50% 44% 54% 49% 50% 42% 56% 52% 8602 3608 327 1575 1962 5020 5541 3097 4030 4545 7518 5602 12951 6293 2656 1677 2839 3993 2773 Dzongkhag 52% 34944 51% 1236 3247 0 0 637 350 1564 3482 587 1435 52% 1179 2247 3181 1366 671 215 0 1155 339 52% 51% 0% 0% 49% 48% 50% 51% 45% 50% 53% 50% 50% 51% 51% 50% 0% 51% 52% 5737 48% 0 1214 51% 271 199 0 0 0 760 218 0 95 79 0 0 0 0 467 477 491 48% 49% 45% 1466 47% 50% 43% 52% 41% 48% 51% 16448 49% 600 2163 1512 0 792 221 1150 676 483 697 307 3016 724 490 2012 385 215 380 516 109 51% 54% 48% 44% 52% 51% 50% 47% 49% 46% 48% 49% 48% 51% 52% 45% 51% 49% 48% 16614 50% 374 889 0 94 830 706 488 612 867 920 368 53% 50% 50% 53% 49% 45% 48% 54% 51% 51% 7520 49% 54 285 257 0 20 422 934 109 810 102 196 0 3 730 398 152 456 580 475 46% 50% 49% 0% 32% 48% 49% 49% 49% 47% 43% 0% 27% 49% 51% 48% 47% 51% 52% 5531 49% 0 804 251 128 32 139 666 26 387 0 481 29 37 495 151 59 0 119 667 1060 49% 1317 50% 1796 54% Samdrupjongkhar 79 1537 50% 1668 50% 1690 49% 1051 49% 569 537 1146 692 51% 50% 54% 50% 12053 51% 5. Table 5. the comparative enrolment of girls in public Higher Secondary Schools is lower than in the earlier stages of the general education system.3 Girl’s enrolment by category and Dzongkhag. It is difficult to draw valid conclusions without knowing the actual population in the Dzongkhags and regional categories. 53 Page . In table 5.3. Since enrolment and population figures are so small. girls make up 50% of the enrolment in Bhutanese schools and in several Dzongkhags it is above 50%.4 the girls’ enrolment in class X and class XI is compared over the years.Annual Education Statistics On average. these are only indicative figures. Girls’ enrolment in HSS and tertiary education As mentioned earlier.

). Only 40% of the students studying in the RUB Colleges and Institutes are girls. In the publicly financed tertiary education system. Overall enrolment of girls in tertiary education much lower than that of boys with only 2 girls for every 5 boys enrolled in the tertiary level. A GPI of less than 1 indicates that there are fewer females. Not only do girls experience barriers to accessing education. etc. both in and ex-country enrolment of girls is still much lower than that of boys. particularly in measuring the progress of developing countries. 5.4 Girls’ enrolment in class X and class XI public and private schools 2003. one of the two sexes is underrepresented.2011.03. Gender inequities continue to exist in society. if it is higher or lower. it is considered to be parity or equal representation of both sexes. Page 54 . girl children are discouraged from pursuing an education. In its simplest form. but girls attending school face certain barriers to education that are not shared by their male classmates.4.Annual Education Statistics Table 5. Year 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 X (Public & Private) Girls 5273 5025 4262 3883 3675 3275 3038 2842 2361 Total 10390 10293 8757 7909 7691 6856 6427 6246 5264 %G 51% 49% 49% 49% 48% 48% 47% 46% 45% Girls 1493 1415 1361 1116 1096 944 770 656 571 XI public Total 3564 3425 3271 2885 2667 2525 1539 2031 1751 %G 42% 41% 42% 39% 41% 37% 33% 32% 33% Girls 1604 1608 1356 1320 942 865 851 774 613 XI private Total 3123 3021 2719 2541 1914 1709 1688 1579 1240 %G 51% 53% 50% 52% 49% 51% 50% 49% 49% In 2011 the relative percentage of girls’ enrolment in class XI in Public Higher Secondary Schools had increased by 3% compared to last year. In many cultures and traditions. It is used by international organizations. Gender Parity Index The Gender Parity Index (GPI) is a socioeconomic index designed to measure the relative access to education of males and females.97 and 1. it is calculated as the quotient of the number of females by the number of males enrolled in a given stage of education (primary. The Institute for Statistics of UNESCO also uses a more general definition of GPI: for any development indicator one can define the GPI relative to this indicator by dividing its value for females by its value for males. The “gender gap” in the primary education has narrowed over the years. If this index is between 0. in proportion to the appropriate school-age population. showing an improvement of 3% since last year. secondary. Girls makes up about 26% of the students that receive scholarship to study in India and abroad and about 43% of the students studying outside Bhutan without Royal Government’s financial assistance. than males in the formal education system however.

4 1.6 0. BMIS 2010 1. Box 5.1 presents a difference between gender parity and gender equality.2 0 Zhemgang P/gatshel Trongsa Gasa 55 Page . the correct proportions of females in relation to males are enrolled in the education system there are no gender inequality in the Bhutanese education system. This year.4 0.02. the national GPI is 1. girls – by and large – don’t experience discrimination with regards to access to education.8 0.2 1 Punakha Mongar Sarpang Lhuntse Bumthang S/Jongkhar T/yangtse Thimphu Wangdi Chukha Dagana Samtse Tsirang Haa Paro T/gang 0. This indicates that on the whole. as is commonly seen in some parts of the world.Annual Education Statistics In Bhutan. quality of learning process.6 1. Figure 5. equality of outcomes and external results. Both boys and girls have an equal opportunities in terms of access.2 GPI by Dzongkhag.

Given the increased enrolment in primary and secondary education. For many students the class X examinations marks the end of their general education careers. the annual number of Class X graduates is likely to keep increasing. these conditions may not apply to cases where students were sick or have valid reasons for not appearing the examinations.1 Class X Examinations The national level examinations at the end of Primary Education were instituted in 1972 with the aim of ensuring uniformity in the standard of education among the different schools across the country. Figure 6. EXAMINATION RESULTS 6. A total of 9320 candidates sat for the Bhutan Certificate of Secondary Education Page 56 . However. It was also used as a criterion for screening the candidates for entry into the next level of general education. With the upgrading of the basic education level to class X.1 Class X passed trend since 2000 100% 96% 96% 92% 92% 90% 93% 92% 97% 96% 94% 96% 95% 85% 80% 80% 75% 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Pass % Linear (Pass %) The annual increase in the number of students appearing for exams has been very steady. this examination no longer serves as a screening mechanism but provides feedback to the Ministry on the quality and standard of education in the different schools across the country.Annual Education Statistics 6. Figure 6. Nonsuccessful students re-appear the examinations as supplementary candidates and do not attend regular classes in government schools due to lack of space and over-crowding.1 below reflect the results of regular candidates since 2000.

The overall pass percentage was 96%.2 Class X detailed results. The remaining 23% continued their education outside Bhutan. the lowest pass percentage in the last decade. of which 40% are enrolled in public schools and 24% in private schools. or enrolled in the VTIs or joined the labour force. Figure 6. which is about 2% increase from 2008. 57 Page .Annual Education Statistics Examination (BCSE) in December 2010.628 students have been admitted in class XI in Bhutan this year.5% 9. i.2. Class XII Examinations In 2006 the Bhutan Board of Examinations took over the conduct of the class XII exams from the Council for Indian Secondary Certificate Examinations (CISCE). One reason cited is the introduction of the new curriculum in English and Business Mathematics. 2010 3. Class X details Figure 6. Figure 6.3 Class XII passed trend since 2002 96% 94% 92% 90% 88% 86% 84% 82% 80% 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 Class XII pass% Linear (Class XII pass%) 85% 93% 90% 94% 92% 90% 87% 85% 91% The number of students appearing for the class XII examinations has increased slightly compared to last year. The pass percentage however has reduced to 85%. A total of about 6.4% Graduates continuing Class XI Graduates not continuing Class XI failed School-leavers without certificate 6.2 gives a more detailed overview of what happens with the class X students of 2009 in 2010.5% 22.e about 64%.7% 64.

Annual Education Statistics

7. TEACHERS

7.1 Teacher strength The total number of teachers as of March 2011 is 9,717. This includes all government schools, private schools, institutes and Non Formal Centers. The number of teachers in regular government schools is 7026. Table 7.1 shows the Teacher strength in Bhutan at the moment.
Table 7.1 Teacher strength March 2011
Government Male A 1 B 1 2 4 5 6 7 C D E F G Early Childhood Development ECCD centres School Education Community Primary Schools Primary Schools Lower Secondary Schools Middle Secondary Schools Higher Secondary Schools Extended Classrooms Special Institutes* Tertiary Institutes under RUB Vocational institutes Sanskrit Patshala 835 319 326 515 1,161 834 9,046 349 322 671 Non-Formal Centres***** GRAND TOTAL 1,072 460 1,005 924 699 101 4,261 77 671 87 299 437 944 696 374 15 2,765 76 232 18 1,371 897 1,949 1,620 1,073 116 7,026 153 903 105 2 33 14 2 47 31 14 45 316 211 527 6 34 18 14 244 3 68 35 20 85 9 102 53 34 329 1,078 494 1,023 938 943 101 4,577 77 702 87 2 868 319 5,764 302 505 979 716 459 15 2,976 76 246 18 340 515 3,953 1,380 999 2,002 1,654 1,402 116 7,553 153 948 105 2 1,208 834 9,717 25 25 97 97 122 122 Female Total Male Private Female Total Male Total Female Total

Sub-Total (B)

Total (Schools and Institutes) (A+B+C+D+E+F)

5,415 3,631

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Annual Education Statistics

In table 7.2 the number of teachers for 2008, 2009 and 2010 per type of school and gender are reported.
Table 7.2 Teacher strength 2008-2011
Type of School Community Primary School Pvt Community Primary School Primary School Pvt Primary School Lower Secondary School Pvt Lower Secondary School Middle Secondary School Pvt Middle Secondary School Higher Secondary School Pvt Higher Secondary school Extended Classrooms Total 2008 Male Female 775 425 39 836 27 697 523 154 225 374 84 791 37 480 231 47 Total 1,000 799 123 1,627 64 1,177 754 201 5,745 2009 Male Female 991 18 500 36 904 18 734 273 598 202 290 32 431 86 881 32 540 212 314 77 Total 1,281 50 931 122 1,785 50 1,274 485 912 279 7,169 2010 Male Female 991 4 435 43 919 19 797 659 173 386 3 461 82 938 23 636 387 111 Total 1,377 7 896 125 1,857 42 1,433 1,046 284 7,067 Male 1,072 6 460 34 1,005 18 924 14 699 244 101 4,577 2011 Female 299 3 437 68 944 35 696 20 374 85 15 2,976 Total 1,371 9 897 102 1,949 53 1,620 34 1,073 329 116 7,553

3,476 2,269

4,274 2,895

4,040 3,027

In remote areas and CPS, the number of male teachers is much higher than that of female teachers. The proportion of female teachers in the public Higher Secondary Schools is around 35%, a bit less than the proportion of girls in these schools (46%). 7.1.1 Proportion of Non-Bhutanese Teachers From an almost total dependence on expatriate teachers in the 1960s, the Bhutanese education system has moved towards self-sufficiency. However, dependence on expatriate teachers continues at the secondary levels and private schools recruit a comparatively large number of ex-pat teachers. At present around 8% of the total teaching force are expatriate teachers. A comparison between 2002 and 2010 shows a notable increase in the proportion and absolute numbers of Bhutanese teachers over the years.
Figure 7.1 Proportion of Bhutanese and non Bhutanese teachers (2002-2011)

2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2002 0% Bht 20% NBht 40% 60% Linear (NBht) 80% 100% Linear (Bht)

59 Page

Annual Education Statistics

Expatriate teachers constitute 8% of the teaching force. Of these the majority teach at the higher secondary and middle secondary levels. At the higher secondary level, 16 percent of the teachers are expatriates which constitute a 4% decrease over last year. 28 percent of private school teachers are expatriates, with the majority being employed in private higher secondary school. Similarly, approximately 11 percent of the lecturers in the institutes under the Royal University of Bhutan are expatriates. Gaeddug College of Business Studies has the highest proportion with 30% followed by Sherubtse College with 21% of teaching staff being expatriates lecturers. The vocational institutes under the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources (MoLHR), and the special institutes and ECCD centers under the Ministry of Education are fully staffed by Bhutanese nationals.

7.2 Teacher education
7.2.1 Pre-service training Pre-service teacher education is provided at the Colleges of Education (CoE) in Samtse and Paro, the former established in 1968 and the latter in 1975. There are two pre-service programmes offered, a Bachelor of Education (B.Ed) and a Post Graduate Certificate in Education (PGCE). The four-year B.Ed. programme caters for primary, secondary and Dzongkha teaching and is provided in both the CoEs, whereas the one year PGCE programme caters for secondary teaching and is provided in the institute at Samtse only. Entry into the PGCE programme requires a 1st degree, while the B.Ed programme requires a class XII or equivalent certificate. Earlier, the B.Ed degree included a one year field attachment programme for the candidates as apprentice teachers in selected schools at the beginning of the programme. In 2008, 325 students were sent as apprentice teachers. From 2009 onwards the apprenticeship programme at the beginning was discontinued and the B.Ed students now undergo the apprenticeship during the 3rd year of the programme. The B.Ed programme, which used to be only in English, has now been expanded to include Dzongkha.
Table 7.3 Enrolment in the Colleges of Education 2004-2011
Year 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Diff. Between 2010 & 2004 CoE, Samtse Male 327 321 320 359 352 580 434 426 99 30% Female 162 166 163 187 188 386 230 231 69 43% Total 489 487 483 546 540 966 664 657 168 34% Male 355 462 419 428 430 719 536 494 139 39% COE, Paro Female 282 317 325 275 294 343 371 355 73 26% Total 637 779 744 703 724 1,062 907 849 212 33% Male 682 783 739 787 782 1,299 970 920 238 35% Grand Total Female 444 483 488 462 482 729 601 586 142 32% Total 1,126 1,266 1,227 1,249 1,264 2,028 1,571 1,506 380 34% Ratio of female to Male 0.65 0.62 0.66 0.59 0.62 0.56 0.62 0.64 0.62

Page 60

Ed in Leadership and Management B. 25 90 70 10 25 25 25 20 290 The table below shows the number of in-service workshops and training organized at the national level from 2002 .Annual Education Statistics The enrolment in the 2 teacher colleges has increased to about 1506 students which constitutes a 34% increase since 2004.743 1. degree and diploma certificates.345 560 851 1. out of which more than 10 courses offered are award bearing course. Table 7.358 2.Ed(D) Diploma in Leadership and Management Certifiate in Teaching English Certifiate in Teaching mathematics Post Graduate Diploma in English Post Graduate Diploma in Guidance and Counselling Total No.033 61 Page .645 577 1.800 2. This maybe a reflection of the lower proportion of girls enrolled in higher secondary schools. The details are as follows. Dzongkhag and school levels.Ed (P) B.4 Number of teachers who have been awarded with various Degrees 2010 Degree M. the proportion of girls studying in the teacher colleges is higher than the average. 7. Considering the overall enrolment in the RUB-colleges.2 In-Service training Although many factors combine to make a successful school and therefore a successful education system. Every year about 30-40 in-service workshops and trainings are conducted for teachers. About 290 teachers were awarded with various masters. the Ministry of Education believes that a high quality teaching force is the most basic element for success. This is especially crucial when the success of a school is defined by the ability of a school to raise the achievement of its students. The proportion of girls enrolled in the teacher colleges has remained consistent over the last eight years at about 38-40%. The proportion of girls choosing to become teachers continues to hover around 40%.2.5 In-service Workshops Year 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 National Level Courses 35 18 17 16 20 10 22 27 31 Participants 1. Teachers are therefore the linchpin on which the success of the education system in Bhutan hinges. Teachers are regularly updated on new developments in curriculum and other educational issues through in-service training and workshops organized at national. Table 7. as well as through fellowships outside the country.2010.

Ed (P) 196 90 41 40 44 44 32 45 M. In that sense.d (D) Diploma in Mgt & Admin 25 23 PGDE 69 Certificate in Maths 25 23 Certificate in English 25 25 2011 2010 2008(2008-2009) 2007 ( 2007-2008) 2006 2005 2004 2003 70 39 25 25 This programme is in great demand. Table 7. The Distance B. Page 62 . 87% are trained in the teaching profession. In December 2011. Less than 25% of the teachers have only a class 10 or 12 certificate. 55 will avail this opportunity.3 Academic profile of teachers Out of a total of 7553 teachers.Ed 11 25 20 23 17 17 - B.Ed from Paro College of Education.6 shows the number of graduates so far.Ed) in primary education via a distance education programme. In 2002. 57% of our teachers have at least a Bachelors Degree.Ed (S) 225 BE. a Masters of Education programme was also started at the Paro College of Education using the same mode. and the Distance M. Table 7. 7. both programmes are mixed mode degrees rather than distance education. the Ministry has provided opportunities for in-service teachers to upgrade their qualifications by sitting for the national level examinations as private candidates. Participating teachers are offered classes during the winter break and offered remote education during the academic year.7 Distance education 2003-2011 Year of graduation B.6 Number of Teachers who have upgraded their qualifications Year 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 BHSEC 45 83 110 330 203 267 190 91 103 ILCS 10 16 40 116 40 36 54 10 14 1 1 2 0 1 1 ICSE Total 55 99 150 447 244 303 225 102 119 Remarks Enrolled for examination Enrolled for examination Enrolled for examination Enrolled for examination Appeared for examination Enrolled for examination Enrolled for examination Appeared for examination Appeared for examination Since 2000. especially after a first degree became an official requirement for advancing in one’s career. In addition. Table 7.Ed is facilitated from Samtse College of Education. in-service teachers have had the opportunity to upgrade their qualifications to Bachelors of Education (B. about 6% of the teachers have a PG Diploma.Annual Education Statistics Since 1995.

463 0% 3% 7% 57% 25% 8% 87% % not trained as teacher # 307 8 618 % 2 33% 1% 66% Total Teachers* # 516 451 4.601 499 % 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 933 13% 7. March 2011 Academic degree Ph.327 1.D in Education Masters Degree Post Graduate Diploma Bachelors Degree Higher Secondary/ Matriculation ZLTS Total *157 qualification data missing for private schools Trained as teacher # 2 209 443 3.601 499 6. Table 7.Annual Education Statistics A comparatively low percentage of the teachers with a Masters and Bachelors Degree. most of whom are expatriate teachers do not have a teaching certificate.8 Number of trained teachers by degree.396 63 Page .709 1.

The relationship between these two measures of teacher workload is affected by a variety of factors. The lower the STR.STUDENT. but also for the quality. Figure 8.1 Student-Teacher Ratio The student-teacher ratio (STR) measures the number of students per teacher.1 above) on average. Table 8.TEACHER RATIO AND CLASS-SIZES 8. The STR has implications not only for the cost of education.76 and median of 22 at the Dzongkhag level. the STR is now at 23 students per teacher (see table 8. It reflects teacher workload and the availability of teachers’ services to their students. with a standard deviation 3.1 Teacher pupil ratio in schools by location in 2011 Level of Schools Community primary Extended Classrooms Higher Seconday Lower Secondary Middle Seconday Primary Total 30 37 22 23 Difficult 19 23 Remote 22 26 23 25 25 22 23 Semi-Remote 24 21 24 25 24 22 24 Semi_Urban 24 32 28 29 21 26 26 22 21 21 20 Urban Grade 1 Urban Grade 2 11 24 20 24 24 22 21 Very Remote 20 23 9 26 21 24 22 Total 21 25 21 25 24 23 23 Nationwide. The decrease in STR has been accompanied by uneven progress among the different category of school and Dzongkhags. including the number of classes for which a teacher is responsible and the number of classes taken by students.Annual Education Statistics 8.1 Teacher-pupil ratio by Dzongkhag below and above mean 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Chhukha Paro Sarpang Gasa W/ Phodrang Dagana Thimthrom S/Jongkhar Page 64 Zhemgang Punakha Haa Lhuentse Thimphu Trongsa P/Gatshel Bumthang Mongar Samtse T/yangtse Tsirang T/gang . The figure below shows the ratios by Dzongkhag. Also averages of more than 50 for a certain type of school in a Dzongkhag no longer occurs as was the case in previous years. the higher the availability of teacher services to students. On average the ratio has improved in all Dzongkhag.

while a high standard deviation indicates that the data are “spread out” over a large range of values ( data is not evenly distributed). Standard deviation is a measure of the variability or dispersion within a dataset. The STR ranges from 5 to 74.3 indicating a high and uneven distribution of teachers among the schools and Dzongkhags with some having very high STR and some very low STR.) while it is 33 (highest ratio) in Samtse. We focus on school rather then Dzongkhag because the latter would miss the potentially large differences among schools within Dzongkhag in terms of teacher distribution. The STR in Trongsa is 16 (Lowest ratio apart from Gasa. which means that some remote schools have ratios as less as 5 while other have STR as high as 74. Samtse and Tsirang. It shows that. A low standard deviation indicates that the data points tend to be very close to the mean i. About 37% of schools have reported to have STR less than 20 while only 3 schools report STR of 1:60. The table includes private schools which are mainly in the urban category. It is interesting to note that the ratio in the CPSs has dropped since last year.e. Figure 8.Annual Education Statistics Though the national average student. The following figure shows the STRby dzongkhag who have achieved the target of 1:24. The variation is very high at the school level. the highest ratios are found in the remote and very remote schools.teacher ratio is low. on average. evenly or uniformly distributed. The tenth FYP envisages that all schools will be staffed with a minimum STR of 1:24 and that all schools have at least two teachers.2 Student-Teacher Ratio by Dzongkhag above and below 24 T:P abpve the target (1:24) 40 30 20 10 0 Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro P/Gatshel Punakha S/Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimthrom Thimphu T/gang T/yangtse Trongsa Tsirang W/… As can be seen from the above figure most dzongkhag have more or less achieved the target of STR of 1:24 except for Chukha.2 gives the teacher-pupil ratio for different school levels by location. Zhemgang 65 Page . Table 8. it is accompanied by high standard deviation of 10.

Tsirang. Sarpang. Table 8.2 Number of schools with different STR by different level Range 1-20 20-24 25-30 30-40 above 50 CPS 142 48 26 33 7 PS 37 22 20 6 1 LSS 15 30 29 33 1 MSS 9 20 16 7 2 HSS 19 12 8 5 Total 222 132 99 84 11 It is interesting to note that about 41% of remote schools reported to have STR of less than 20 against that of only 35% of urban schools. About 74% of schools have reported to have reached the target of STR 1:24 with most of them located in the remote areas mostly CPSs. Trashigang has the highest number of schools that have reached the target. If we exclude the CPSs.Annual Education Statistics Table 8. 369 and 135 Students respectively with only 2 teachers each. Bartsam MSS in Trashigang and Budhashi CPS in Zhemgang. and 3 schools have a STR of more than 60. 69 public schools have a STR of less than 20. Kesari CPS in Chukha. Gasa and Trongsa are almost nearing the target ratio. Chukha and Samtse have comparatively high number of school that still has to reach the target ratio. This is because CPSs are usually established in small communities.e. Samdrupjongkhar. In Gasa and Trongsa all schools have a Teacher: Pupil in line with the Royal Government target. Figure 8.3 shows the number of schools per Dzongkhag that have a Teacher: Pupil ratio lower than or equal to 24 and schools that have a Teacher: Pupil ratio higher than 24. while more than 70 schools have a student -teacher ratio of over 30. where multi-grade strategies have to be adopted.3 Division of student-teacher ratio 2% 15% 41% 18% 1-20 20-24 25-30 24% 30-40 above 50 About 41% of the schools have a STR between 1 and 20. These schools have 132. while Bumthang Thimphu. Only 3 schools have reported to have STR over 60 i. Page 66 . A significant number of CPSs also have a low ratio.

March 2011 Dzongkhag Bumthang Chukhaa Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro P/Gatshel Punakha s/jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thim Throm Thimphu Trashigang T/Yangtse Trongsa tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang STR<24 17 20 20 5 10 22 40 17 28 26 14 15 8 20 11 50 25 24 6 17 22 1 8 17 7 10 2 17 36 18 10 1 21 5 1 11 15 11 STR>24 4 27 10 %STR<24 81% 43% 67% 100% 91% 73% 70% 71% 74% 93% 45% 29% 31% 67% 92% 70% 83% 96% 35% 53% 67% In March 2010.3 Target T: P ratio reached per Dzongkhag. The figure below gives the changes in teacher-pupil ratio over the years. 67 Page . 1 CPS and 35 Extended Classrooms reported to have an enrolment of more than 25 students. 6 CPSs and 84 Extended Classrooms reported they had only 1 teacher. with the rate of decrease slowing down for the last 3 to 4 years.Annual Education Statistics Table 8. The ratio in the middle & higher secondary schools has been stable over the last few years. It shows a steady decline in the (community) primary and lower secondary schools. The policy is to have a maximum of 25 students in a MG situation. 17 Extended Classroomss each with 1 teacher and an enrolment of more than 25 opened this year. Of these.

4 Student-Teacher Ratio in Schools per Dzongkhag per type of school 2008-2010 CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Public 2010 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 Bhutan Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pemagatshel Punakha Samdrupjongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang 23 18 30 0 19 17 18 26 15 19 20 33 34 22 19 20 20 17 31 23 23 22 16 23 30 17 16 14 23 11 18 17 27 34 24 16 20 17 17 39 22 22 21 19 24 30 10 15 14 21 14 17 17 24 39 28 19 19 16 16 29 22 18 25 27 18 18 32 25 26 26 27 25 19 28 25 24 25 19 14 19 24 29 25 22 24 33 33 57 13 9 22 24 25 25 18 24 28 17 25 26 23 23 26 23 10 18 24 27 23 22 19 27 0 0 24 25 13 17 24 25 25 23 23 27 25 28 25 36 28 34 24 25 29 17 32 30 25 25 25 25 19 26 21 29 44 39 24 24 29 14 31 26 17 27 26 29 30 26 27 28 29 25 21 28 31 0 23 25 23 22 26 22 28 32 30 22 25 27 14 31 26 24 21 24 20 24 25 28 36 30 22 23 27 21 31 20 22 23 20 33 26 22 28 35 28 26 23 17 20 22 26 36 27 25 26 35 18 26 21 22 33 16 24 21 25 30 15 0 20 30 21 22 21 25 34 26 23 23 23 18 23 22 24 23 16 21 22 19 20 19 15 28 28 16 21 20 19 19 21 15 27 20 22 21 24 28 16 19 22 22 20 20 18 21 17 23 20 18 22 20 16 23 21 0 18 16 19 18 20 18 23 27 15 24 21 19 16 22 15 21 24 24 27 21 17 20 21 25 22 24 22 32 31 26 22 23 23 19 29 23 24 24 20 30 25 14 21 22 23 22 22 21 27 32 27 22 23 21 18 28 23 26 23 20 25 29 13 20 20 23 21 21 20 26 33 26 23 22 20 16 27 22 23 Page 68 .4 Student-Teacher Ratio since 2004 by level of school 40 35 30 25 20 15 10 5 0 Community  Primary Primary Lower  Secondary Middle &  Higher  Secondary Private 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Table 8.Annual Education Statistics Figure 8.

69 Page . Middle Secondary and Higher Secondary Schools are more crowded than in the Community primary and Primary Schools. despite increases in enrolment. In some venues all educators are included. Currently about 53% of schools have achieved the target of maintaining class sizes at 30-36 students. The differences between the regions and school types are considerable.1 Difference between Class Size and Student-Teacher Ratio Class Size – The number of students for whom a teacher is primarily responsible during a school year Student-Pupil Ratio (STR) – is the number of students in a school or Dzongkhag compared to the number of teaching professionals. indicating either over-crowded classrooms or wastage. including counselors. Student-teacher ratio and class size are not same (see box 8. Table 8. The average class size in all Dzongkhags is 40 or less. It shows that in urban and semi-urban areas the classes are crowded.5 Class size per location per school. It also shows that the classes in the Lower Secondary. Box 8. About 15% of schools have class sizes of less than 20 while more than 10% of schools have class size above 60s. sports instructors. Most CPSs have class size of less than 20. The remaining 47% of schools have average class sizes exceeding or below the target. March 2011 Urban Grade 1 ECR CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Average 11 11 Urban Grade 2 15 25 25 34 32 31 31 Semi-Urban 18 19 24 30 35 38 30 Semi-Remote 12 18 21 27 31 36 26 Remote 15 16 15 26 27 30 20 Very-Remote Difficult Average 14 13 16 34 32 23 16 17 10 13 18 26 30 14 15 20 30 31 33 24 One of the targets in Tenth Plan is that all schools maintain a class size of 30-36 students in regular schools and 20 students in smaller schools with multi-grade teaching.2 Class size In addition to the student-teacher ratio.1). Table 8.Annual Education Statistics 8. etc. The Dzongkhag with large class sizes last year have all improved a bit. This assumes that every section in a school is a different class. Community/primary schools have on average the smallest class sizes. another proxy indicator that gives some insight into the quality of education is the number of students per class or student: section ratio.4 shows the class size per section per school. The average class size for Bhutan has reduced to 25 indicating that the school system has been able to accommodate the increasing enrolment. however multi-grade teaching is adopted as a strategy in these schools.

equal to or larger than 30 students per class. March 2011 Class size Less than 30 Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema Gatshel Punakha Samdrup Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimthrom Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Phodrang Zhemgang Total 19 37 23 3 9 27 51 18 31 20 26 18 19 15 15 60 30 24 12 25 32 514 2 33 2 2 2 1 4 4 9 1 2 3 5 30 More than 30 % Less than 30 100% 88% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 78% 100% 91% 96% 82% 83% 63% 94% 100% 100% 100% 86% 93% 100% 94% Page 70 . Table 8. Table 8. In most Dzongkhags a majority of the schools have been able to keep the average class sizes below 30.Annual Education Statistics But. as school improvement ideas go.6 Schools by Average Class size per Dzongkhag.6 shows by Dzongkhag how many schools have average class sizes smaller than. reducing class sizes is costlier than others and usually more complicated than it appears.

while 11 of these boarding schools had no tap stands for their students. as reported by the schools is reflected.Annual Education Statistics 9. EDUCATION FACILITIES To provide quality education it is important that facilities in the school are adequate and up to date. an analysis has been made of the water situation in our schools as shown by table 9. it was found that around half of them have a source or stream. the same percentage for day school and 46% for boarding schools. March 2011 No tapstand Status Public Day Public Boarding Private Total Sufficient Water supply 19 2 0 21 Insufficient Water Supply 25 11 0 36 1 or more Tapstands Sufficient Water supply 226 66 22 314 Insufficient Water No Information Supply 141 35 0 176 4 0 0 4 About 60% of the schools reported to have sufficient water supply. When analyzing the water supply situation for day schools without tap stands. electricity. Most of the water problems in schools are to do with their source. laboratories. Around 46 boarding schools reported to have insufficient water supply.1 Water AND SANITATION Based on the reports of the schools as to the number of tap stands in a school and the sufficiency of water supply. In this chapter the status of some of these facilities viz. 71 Page .1 Table 9. especially the remote schools. water provision.1 Water situation in the schools. telephone connection. 9. computers and classrooms.

2 Provision of classrooms. as in figure 9. Some schools face shortage of classrooms and have to introduce shift system.Annual Education Statistics The table 9. laboratories and computers in schools The number of classrooms available in a school is another facility that influences the quality of education.1 shows the class room situation. Figure 9. Collecting information on classrooms was more difficult than collecting information on enrolment. of school Student:Tapstand ratio 232 461 352 221 349 154 216 499 214 354 366 779 537 665 232 183 155 453 297 192 9.2: Student-tap stand ratio by Dzongkhag for schools with tap stands. Only 15% of schools reported to have more than 40 students per class. Analysis of the information.1. March 2011 Dzongkhag Bumthang Chukhaa Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro P/Gatshel Punakha s/jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang T/Yangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang Without tapstand 0 5 2 1 0 1 4 1 1 0 2 2 2 3 5 1 2 1 1 3 19 37 21 3 9 26 47 22 30 22 25 20 21 38 55 29 22 13 26 29 Schools with tapstand No. It is also unknown whether the classrooms reported in the statistics forms are permanent classrooms or temporary structures. Table 9. indicates that most of the schools that gave information have enough classrooms. Page 72 .2 shows the average number of tap stands available for students by Dzongkhag. A significant amount of schools did not give adequate information on their classrooms.

and biology.3 shows the current provision of laboratories in the schools. These schools are also located in the remote schools. It is unclear regarding the usage of existing classrooms in the absence of dedicated laboratories. A word of caution is required with regard to data-collection. in fact more than 65% of these schools are below the target line with less than 30 students per class. March 2011 No Laboratory CPS PS LSS MSS HSS 239 62 30 2 0 General Science Laboratory 25 23 38 6 0 General Science with any other Laboratory 3 6 25 46 38 General Science with other Laboratory* 0 0 0 3 6 *Chemistry. public schools. A computer laboratory is also required for class IX and above. Table 9. As you see from the above figure almost 49% of schools have less than 20 students per class of which most of these schools are located in the public remote and semi remote schools.3 Laboratory by level of school. while classes IX and above require separate laboratories for physics. The 3rd column refers to schools that have all 5 laboratories. 9. Biology. Laboratories in schools Another basic minimum facility that is required in the schools is a laboratory. chemistry.1 Total Student per class 15% 5% 49% 13% 18% Add Rangjung Less than 20 20-30 30-36 37-40 Above 40 One of the targets in the 10th Plan is to achieve class size of 30-36. Table 9. Classes VII and VIII require a general science laboratory.2. Physics and computer laboratory 73 Page . In case a school has a General Science Laboratory and a Chemistry Laboratory. physics or biology) it is included under the 3rd column.1. And some 12 schools reported to have class size of 80 and above.Annual Education Statistics Figure 9. while 80% of school has already achieved the target. but does not have the other laboratories (computer.

4 Computers in the schools. ICT in schools is to be used as a pedagogical tool to create a stimulating and empowering classroom learning experience. along with both hardware and software for IT education. biology and computer laboratories. IT teachers continue to be trained. 9. 55 have computers. The ultimate aim is to ensure the pervasive and effective use of IT in Education. Computers in schools Information Communication Technology Education (ICT) and ICT in Education has been introduced in schools at all levels with the aim to build the capacity of Bhutan’s educational system to deploy Information Technology for independent learning and life-long learning skills. The same is true for the lower secondary schools. with an average of 23 per school. Of the 57 Middle Secondary Schools.4 shows the current status of this programme. One of the goals of the 10th FYP is to equip all Higher and most Middle Secondary Schools with computers. Table 9. And almost all higher secondary school are equipped with laboratory. Page 74 Public Private . March 2011 Level CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Total CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Total With Computer No. and some do not have access to electricity. Due to admission pressure so many schools were upgraded before putting in adequate facilities. chemistry.2. and schools are provided with computer laboratories and computer laboratory assistants. given the fact that a lot of them are in remote places.Annual Education Statistics From the above we can see only 6 higher secondary schools have fully equipped general science laboratories as well as physics. In view of this. the schools that have computers. IT literacy is also an invaluable asset to students for their future careers and Computer Science and Computer Applications courses in secondary level of education are offered. school 148 56 83 54 30 371 1 9 2 1 13 26 397 No of computers Average Computer per school 422 253 857 770 672 2974 1 43 5 5 328 382 3356 3 5 10 14 22 8 1 5 3 5 25 15 23 Without computer 117 26 8 1 1 153 0 0 1 0 0 1 154 Grand Total All Higher Secondary Schools have computers. have just a few and these are probably used by the office staff. Quite a number of Community Primary Schools have computers (including 54 OLPC Laptop). At the (C) PS and LSS level the number of computers is less. This is one of the main challenges for the 10th FYP. Table 9. with an average of 20 computers per school.2. Two Middle secondary schools do not have a laboratory at all as they have only recently been upgraded. On average.

Total Total Private Public Yes 139 55 75 51 31 351 1 8 2 1 13 25 376 No 126 27 15 4 0 172 0 1 1 0 0 2 174 % Yes 52% 67% 83% 93% 100% 67% 100% 89% 67% 100% 100% 93% 68% No Information 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Total 265 82 91 55 31 524 1 9 3 1 13 27 551 Almost over 50% of the public CPSs have electricity. Table 9. a working telephone-line and a working internet connection. 4 % increase since 2009. very remote and difficult schools. per level.e. This can also benefit the larger community in case of remote schools. between the school and the Dzongkhag and central administration etc. This paragraph describes the current situation with regard to these facilities. While 32% of schools are still not connected to electricity which includes remote. For the schools at level VII and higher being connected is very important and computers and laboratories need electricity.3 Electricity. Almost all the HSS and MSS are reported to have the electricity connection as of march 2011. the data shows that a lot of areas in Bhutan are not yet electrified. i.5: Electricity connectivity. Telephone access is another important facility which is necessary for ensuring communication between parents and the school. 75 Page . As of recent statistics it is reported that almost about 68% of schools in Bhutan are electrified.Annual Education Statistics 9. telephone and internet connectivity The priority after the provision of basic facilities like water and classrooms is to ensure that schools have access to electricity. March 2011 Schools with electricity connectivity Level CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Sub-Total CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Sub. While it is not clear whether the question of access to electricity may have been interpreted as including access to solar power.

March 2011 Category Urban Grade 2 Semi-Urban Public Sub-Total CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Private Sub-Total Total Remote Semi-remote Very Remote Difficult Sub-Total Urban Grade 1 Urban Grade 2 Semi-Urban Semi Remote Very remote Sub-Total Total Private Working Landline Phone Yes 76 17 122 75 75 52 417 1 20 1 3 1 26 443 1 207 96% 68% No 1 8 73 16 69 39 206 0 1 0 % Yes 99% 68% 63% 82% 52% 57% 67% 100% 95% 100% Total 77 25 195 91 144 91 623 1 21 1 3 1 27 650 67% of the public schools in Bhutan report that they have a working landline phone. Table 9. March 2011 Level ECR CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Schools with internet connectivity Yes 0 48 29 57 30 29 193 0 8 1 1 12 22 215 No 99 217 53 33 25 2 429 1 1 2 0 1 5 434 % Yes 0% 18% 35% 63% 55% 94% 31% 0% 89% 33% 100% 92% 81% 33% No Information 0 0 0 1 0 0 1 0 0 0 0 0 0 1 Total 99 265 82 91 55 31 623 1 9 3 1 13 27 650 Page 76 Public . this is not adequate for schools and a few Middle and Higher Secondary Schools are now moving from dial-up to lease-lines. per category. Most schools with internet are connected via dial-up.7: Internet connectivity per level. Even in the more remote areas around 52% of the schools can be contacted through telephone.Annual Education Statistics Table 9. Further IT facilities in schools are being enhanced with training of IT laboratory assistants in setting up and maintenance of Local Area Networks (LAN). Internet facilities are now increasingly being introduced in our schools. Almost all the Middle Secondary and Higher Secondary School have the telephone connection.6: Schools with working landline phone. However.

Annual Education Statistics

From the above table we could see that 81% of private schools are connected to the internet while only 31% of the public schools have that access. However 94% of Public HSS have access to internet while only 18 to 35% of C (PS) have access

9.4 Road accessibility
Accessibility by road is another very important indicator. While it has less to do with the quality of education, it enables supply of goods and materials and facilitates the movement of teachers and students. About 54% of our schools have access to road. Road access per Dzongkhag is reflected in table 9.8; Apart from Thimphu, about 90% of schools in Bumthang have road access, followed by Paro and Punakha with 85 and 74 percent respectively. Schools in Gasa show low road connectivity followed by Samtse, P/Gatshel, Mongar and Zhemgang and with only 29-34% of schools connected to road.
Table 9.8. Accessibility by road for public schools by Dzongkhag, March 2011
Ownership Dzongkhag Bumthang Chukhaa Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro P/Gatshel Punakha S/jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang T/Yangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang Sub-Total Bumthang Chukhaa Mongar Paro Punakha S/jongkhar Sarpang Thimphu Zhemgang Sub-Total Total Private Public Road acessibility Yes 18 25 16 0 6 14 19 17 11 20 13 15 15 26 39 15 14 10 22 11 326 1 2 1 3 1 1 2 14 1 26 352 1 298 1 No 2 20 14 5 5 16 37 3 27 7 17 36 9 3 32 15 11 7 10 21 297 % Yes 90% 56% 53% 0% 55% 47% 34% 85% 29% 74% 43% 29% 63% 90% 55% 50% 56% 59% 69% 34% 52% 100% 100% 100% 75% 100% 100% 100% 100% 100% 96% 54% Total 20 45 30 5 11 30 56 20 38 27 30 51 24 29 71 30 25 17 32 32 623 1 2 1 4 1 1 2 14 1 27 650

77 Page

Annual Education Statistics

Map showing % of schools with working Electricity, Phone, Internet and Roads connectivity by Dzongkhag, 2011

N

Page 78
Gasa
E: 40% P: 60 % I: 20% R: 0%

Lhuentse
Punakha

Bum
E: 57% P: 76% I: 33% R: 90%

thang

Paro
E: 92% P: 83% I: 63% R: 83% E: 93% P: 91% I: 63% R: 93%

Thimphu

E: 82% P: 75 % I: 36% R: 75%

E: 57% P: 53% I: 13% R: 47%

Trashi yangtse
E: 73% P: 70% I: 47% R: 50%

Haa
E: 59% P: 66% I: 28% R: 69% E: 44% P: 92% I: 36% R: 56%

Wangduephodrang

Trongsa

E: 55% P: 55% I: 45% R: 55%

Mongar
E: 51% P: 65% I: 25% R: 35%

Trashigang
E: 79% P: 73% I: 42% R: 55%

Samtse
Chhukha
E: 70% P: 77% I: 40% R: 57% E: 43% P: 53% I: 17% R: 53%

Dagana
Sarpang
E: 73% P: 65% I: 42% R: 65% E: 29% P: 82% I: 18% R: 59%

Zhemgang

Pemagatshel
E: 58% P: 63% I: 26% R: 29%

Samdrup Jongk
E: 33% P: 85% I: 18% R: 36% E: 48% P: 52% I: 16% R: 45%

E: 35% P: 33% I: 22% R: 29%

Tsirang

E: Electricity Connectivity P: Working Phone Connectivity I : Working Internet Connectivity R: Road Connectivitys

Annual Education Statistics

10. NON-FORMAL, CONTINUING AND SPECIAL EDUCATION

10.1 Non Formal Education
The joint efforts of the Dzongkha Development Authority (DDA) and the National Women’s Association of Bhutan (NWAB) gave birth to the Non-Formal Education (NFE) in 1992. The Ministry of Education formally took over NFE programme in 1994, now called the Non-Formal and Continuing Education Division (NFCED). Literacy is deeply linked to all aspects of life and livelihood and is unquestionably a powerful instrument for empowerment and enlistment. It remains an essential condition for sustainable socio-economic development and a critical tool to eradicate poverty, enhance employment opportunities, advance gender equality, improve family health, conserve the environment and promote democratic participation. In particular, there is a close and deep interrelationship between illiteracy and poverty at the global, national, and local levels with countries and communities with the lowest levels of literacy doing poorly. Poverty breeds illiteracy and vice versa in a vicious cycle that is often hard to break. Hence tackling poverty as a prime objective and theme of the Tenth Plan will also depend on how effectively the high rates of adult illiteracy are tackled in Bhutan, particularly in rural areas. The Population and Housing Census of Bhutan 2005 report the national literacy rate at 60% and adult literacy rates at 53%. While national baseline data on literacy is still lacking and will need to be developed, the PHCB 2005 census data nevertheless indicates a low level of literacy by both international and regional standards. It is thus a key area for improvement to scale up Bhutan’s progress towards achieving its human development goals and attaining the MDGs. The low levels of prevailing literacy could also hinder achievement of the Royal Government’s approach to address the challenge of illiteracy has been based on expanding access to basic school education and non-formal adult education. The rapid gains in primary and secondary education enrolment and improvements in educational attainment provide reason for optimism that in time Bhutan will be able to quickly scale up its literacy levels. Additionally, Bhutan has also enjoyed particular success with its Non Formal Education Programme. The non-formal education (NFE) programme has gained widespread popularity as it is an effective programme for providing basic literacy and functional skills amongst the adult population, particularly in rural areas. The programme has expanded from 365 centres with 428 instructors in 2003 to 740 centres with 834 instructors in 2011. Over the same period, the number of learners increased from 12,838 to 12,968. 79 Page

of centres BLC Learners PLC learners Grand Total 516 158 9. the classes are conducted in the evenings and on the weekends Page 80 .166 3.032 1.093 194 956 878 42 199 509 1. Continuing Education In order to institute a system of continuous learning and to provide school leavers with an opportunity to upgrade their academic qualifications. Since most of the participants are in-service people.019 414 716 317 1. the Continuing Education offers 2 year courses for completion of classes X and XII in 15 Dzongkhags in both public and private HSS. in Thimphu in 2006.1 Number of NFE centres and Enrolment as of March 2011 Instructor # Dzongkhag Male Female Total BLC PLC BLC+PLC Total Male Female Total Male Female Total Male Female Total 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 Total Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro P/Gatshel Punakha S/jongkhar Samtse Sarbang Thimphu T/gang T/yangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdi Zhemgang 7 21 20 1 3 17 28 5 21 9 30 36 14 26 24 9 5 16 17 10 319 14 30 37 1 12 27 59 13 23 16 30 39 27 46 56 13 18 15 24 15 515 21 51 57 2 15 44 87 18 44 25 60 75 41 72 80 22 23 31 41 25 834 6 24 28 1 8 31 56 12 22 22 43 56 19 30 52 14 17 31 24 20 12 6 8 1 3 15 15 3 10 4 15 7 15 8 6 5 5 5 10 5 0 6 21 0 3 0 9 5 5 1 0 1 3 0 8 0 0 3 1 0 66 18 36 57 2 14 46 80 20 37 27 58 64 37 38 66 19 22 39 35 25 740 0 239 275 9 61 82 239 52 76 68 225 674 164 32 337 56 52 123 95 86 2.857 65 733 641 19 153 329 776 316 518 252 783 1. Started as a pilot.676 942 668 1.945 65 494 366 10 92 247 537 264 442 184 558 847 392 503 801 148 124 257 292 234 6.521 556 535 1.Annual Education Statistics Table 10. A total of 1627 learners are currently enrolled in this programme.875 It is interesting to note that participation of women in the NFE programme is high. both as instructors and learners.138 204 176 380 387 320 8 83 101 12 11 40 78 29 35 17 58 71 126 9 94 12 53 40 39 14 121 140 136 11 35 140 165 69 163 48 191 84 260 124 198 47 73 34 142 55 2. Participation in Samtse is the highest in absolute numbers while participation in Samtse is comparatively high. 10.430 263 302 454 568 389 12. the continuing education programme was initiated in Kelki Private HSS.968 Total no.2.236 129 223 237 23 46 180 243 98 198 65 249 155 386 133 292 59 126 74 181 69 8 322 376 21 72 122 317 81 111 85 283 745 290 41 431 68 105 163 134 100 186 634 502 21 127 387 702 333 605 232 749 931 652 627 999 195 197 291 434 289 9..802 930 3.

to general education in regular schools. 10.2 Enrolment in Continuing Education. a new resource center to help children with special needs (mental and physical impairments) was established at Changangkha Lower Secondary School (LSS). 81 Page . In the Ninth Plan.Annual Education Statistics Table 10. especially at classes XI and XII.3 Enrolment in Continuing Education since 2006 Male 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 707 735 391 266 177 78 Female 920 783 475 311 216 70 Total 1627 1518 866 577 393 148 In 2010 and 2011 the programme expanded to more schools in 3 additional dzongkhag. March 2011 Dzongkhag Chukha Dagana Haa Mongar P/Gatshel Paro Punakha Samtse Sarpang T/Yangtse Thim Throm Trashigang Trongsa Tsirang Zhemgang # 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 School Gedu Reldri Daga Ugyen Dorji Sherab Reldri Pema gatshel Tenzin Yoezerling Bajo Samtse Kuendrup Bayling Kelki Nima Rinchen Kanglung Rangjung Sherubling Damphu Zhemgang Male 15 39 10 10 26 40 18 26 56 97 31 12 122 20 94 10 13 30 26 12 Female 11 70 11 6 16 10 12 39 50 104 62 11 271 23 127 13 3 34 32 15 Total 26 109 21 16 42 50 30 65 106 201 93 23 393 43 221 23 16 64 58 27 Table 10.3. The Royal Government thus seeks to maintain an inclusive approach to improve educational access to and meet the special needs of those with physical disabilities and learning impediments. sign language in Bhutanese was developed and a deaf education center established at the Drugyal LSS in Paro. The existing National Institute for the Disabled at Khaling now renamed as the National Institute for the Visually Impaired was partially rebuilt and expanded to accommodate additional students with impaired vision. In Thimphu. including those with physical. To cater to the education of hearing impaired children. Special Education The long-term objective of the Special Education Services Programme is to provide access for all children with disabilities and special needs. a Special Education Unit was established within the Department of School Education and a draft Special Education Policy and Guidelines were formulated. The programme has been found to be very popular. mental and other types of impairment.

Seven other schools also cater to special needs education. One of the challenges for the education sector is to ensure that all children with special needs receive suitable education so they can become full members of society. These schools are part of the RGoB’s effort to make schools as inclusive as possible and integrate special education into mainstream education. The Tenth Plan will support the development of additional physical facilities in the National Institute for Visually Impaired (NIVI). especially compared to the spectacular enrolment increase in regular education. There are about 291 students and 153 teachers all together as of March 2011.4 Enrolment in Special Education Institute.4 Sanskrit Patshala There is presently 1 school in Sarpang catering to the study of Sanskrit for young children. five more special education centres were established on the Changangkha model to allow children with special needs to access general education in regular schools. There are 5 children in this school. though it has showed a slow increase over the last few years. To develop national capacity and expertise. Table 10. Further. Teaching-learning materials will also be provided to strengthen the special education services in the existing and new centers. There are 2 special education schools. the plan will support training on special needs education. Khaling and the Deaf Education Center in Drugyel to cope with the increasing enrolment pressure for the special education services. contributing toward the ‘Education for All’ goals. Drugyel LSS in Paro has a deaf education resource unit. 10. March 2011 Dzongkhag Samtse Mongar Thimphu Paro Name of the Institute Tendu HSS Mongar HSS Changangkha LSS Drugyel LSS Jigme Sherubling HSS Trashigang Khaling LSS National Institute for Visually Impaired Zhemgang LSS Enrolment Boys 5 42 23 40 12 27 20 11 180 Girls 3 33 13 25 2 9 19 7 111 Instructors/teachers Bhutanese Male 2 13 0 3 15 5 12 11 61 Female 2 26 14 7 6 2 3 11 71 0 0 3 0 2 11 16 Non Bhutanese Male 0 Female 1 1 1 0 1 0 0 1 5 Zhemgang Total The enrolment in the NIVI has decreased this year.Annual Education Statistics The objective of this programme during the Tenth Plan is to provide enhanced special education services to the children with a wide range of disabilities including learning difficulties by providing support facilities in selected schools across the country. 2 Integrated Special schools and 4 Pilot special education centres as of march 2011. Page 82 . while Changangkha LSS in Thimphu has facilities to teach both physically and mentally challenged children.

1 Tertiary education All publicly financed tertiary education in Bhutan is under the umbrella of the Royal University of Bhutan.Annual Education Statistics 11. At the moment 10 different institutes and one private Tertiary Institute constitute the Royal University of Bhutan. Dewathang National Institute of Traditional Medicine. with male female ratio of 2:3. Level of schools Students Boys 121 335 215 321 32 494 197 426 642 580 3. VOCATIONAL. Thimphu Samtse College of Education Sherubtse College.766 Girls 30 142 203 92 19 355 158 231 426 415 2. Lobesa College of Science and Technology. INTERNATIONAL AND MONASTIC EDUCATION 11. The girl’s enrolment is seen to be lesser than boys in the RUB. Semtokha Jigme Namgyel Polytechnic.1 Staff and Students in the Royal University of Bhutan academic year 2011 Sl. For more specific details the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources can be contacted. 83 Page . Kanglung Gaeddug College of Business Studies Sub-Total Private Institute 11 Total 11.363 Royal Thimphu College 403 3.315 Bht 73 90 78 75 27 106 58 99 131 78 815 13 828 Teachers N/Bht 2 6 1 2 1 7 35 34 88 32 120 Total 75 96 79 77 27 106 59 106 166 112 903 45 948 424 3 427 Bht 45 48 31 44 17 42 39 51 58 49 424 Others N/Bht 1 2 3 Total 45 48 32 44 17 42 39 53 58 49 427 Public Institutions 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 College of Natural Resources. Thimphu Paro College of Education Royal Institute of Health Sciences.071 478 2.549 Total 151 477 418 413 51 849 355 657 1.2 Vocational education Provision of vocational education is the responsibility of the Ministry of Labour and Human Resources. For more specific details the RUB can be consulted.068 995 5. Table 11.434 881 6. TERTIARY. At the moment there are 8 Vocational Training institutes. Rinchhending Institute of Language and Culture Studies.

3 gives the number of undergraduate students with scholarships abroad. The private student numbers are based upon the membership figures of the Bhutanese Student Associations in the different towns and countries.3 Bhutanese Undergraduate students abroad with RGOB Scholarships. Students Abroad Primary and secondary education A significant number of Bhutanese children are studying in primary and secondary schools abroad.1.2 Staff and students in Vocational Training Institutes academic year 2009 SI.3. Several other funding agencies like the Government of India also provide undergraduate scholarships. Table 11.2. A significant number of students also study abroad through private funding. These slots are limited and merit based. These children are funded privately.# Dzongkhag Name of the Institute New Admission Admission Teacher No. the RGoB provides scholarships for class XII graduates to study various professions abroad. Many Parents also send their children to schools in towns like Kalimpong. 2011 Year of Passing 2017 2016 2015 2014 2013 2012 2011 Total India. 11. Darjeeling and Chennai in India. Tertiary education Every year. 11. Table 11. of years 2009 requirement (length of (minimum course) class) Male Female Total Male Female Total 2 Years 2 to 6 Years Class X Pass 6 month to 2 years 2 Years 2 Years 2 to 6 Years 2 Years 2 Years 17 142 133 61 27 40 61 31 512 1 36 11 46 24 27 37 12 194 18 178 144 107 51 67 98 43 706 15 8 12 13 17 16 87 1 4 5 2 2 2 18 6 2 8 0 16 12 17 15 19 18 105 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Thimphu Wangdue Punakha Bumthang Thimphu Institute of Automobile Engineering National Institute of Zorig Chusum Samthang Institute of Automobile Engineering Khuruthang Institute of Electrical Engineering Chumey Institute of Civil Engineering Trashi Yangtse Yangtse Institute of Zorig Chusum Trashigang Sarpang Total Rangjung Institute of Electrical Engineering Sershong Institute of Civil Engineering 11.RGoB Male 0 0 2 3 9 7 25 46 Female 0 0 3 0 6 5 11 25 Total Male 0 0 5 3 15 12 36 71 0 0 11 70 46 65 58 250 India.4 gives the students studying privately in India and in other countries.GoI Female 0 0 3 15 8 10 19 55 Total 0 0 14 85 54 75 77 305 Male 21 18 29 22 21 23 12 146 Other.Annual Education Statistics Table 11.RGoB Female 5 8 8 13 13 10 3 60 Total 26 26 37 35 34 33 15 206 RGoB-APEMSS Male 4 1 0 1 1 0 0 7 Female 8 8 1 1 1 0 0 19 Total 12 9 1 2 2 0 0 26 Male 0 0 0 2 13 0 0 15 RGoB-RTC Female 0 0 0 1 4 0 0 5 Total 0 0 0 3 17 0 0 20 Page 84 . Table 11.3.3.

5 gives an overview of the enrolment in these schools.4 Bhutanese privately funded Tertiary Education students abroad. only 26 and 43 percent respectively. It remains one of the challenges to ensure that participation of girls stay at the same level as in Class X.. 2011 Private funding Country India Bangladesh Thailand Australia Canada Cuba Korea Nepal Sri-Lanka Thimphu USA Malaysia Total 1965 1510 3475 Male 1935 10 15 5 Female 1456 38 15 1 Total 3391 48 30 6 Scholarship Student 382 14 29 36 2 7 5 1 126 20 7 1 630 Total 3773 62 59 42 2 7 5 1 126 20 7 1 4105 The number of girls receiving scholarships and those under private funding is much lower than the number of boys. Information on monasteries not administered by the central monastic body is not available in detail. It is obvious that more boys than girls are enrolled in these schools. i. The Monastic body has reported that there are 7. Today it continues to play an important role in the Bhutanese Education system. Most monastic schools are administered by the Central Monastic Body. 11.240 monastic novices in 388 monastic schools and 3 nunneries over Bhutan.149 learners enrolled in these monasteries. The central monastic body has reported that in 2004.4.e.Annual Education Statistics Table 11. which was 9287. This enrolment is significantly lower than the one reported for 2006. there were 5. Table 11. 85 Page . Monastic Education Monastic education is the oldest form of education in Bhutan. For these schools enrolment data has been collected.

Annual Education Statistics Table 11.5 Enrolment in monastic schools administered by the central monastic body. 2011 Dzongkhag Bhutan Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pemagatshel Punakha/Thimphu Samdrup Jongkhar Samtse Trashiyangtse Trashigang Trongsa/Bumthang Tsirang Wangdiphodrang Zhemgang Sarpang Monastic schools 388 25 11 9 18 10 27 43 5 71 2 9 6 30 70 5 30 8 9 Monastic novices 7240 184 207 120 168 280 300 400 135 3096 100 240 145 280 708 115 400 212 150 Page 86 .

BUDGET AND EXPENDITURES ON EDUCATION 12.4300 million. all students are required to contribute to a School Development Fund at the following rates: − Community Primary and Primary Schools Nu 30/. especially amongst those populations that are in a position to do so. Accordingly students studying in the urban areas have had to buy their own stationeries since 1993. however. with more than half the provision for the programmes administered by the Dzongkhags.Annual Education Statistics 12. In general. The policy trend during the last few years is. stationary. to work towards cost-sharing with parents.2 Annual budget The total budget provision for financial year 2010-2011 amounts to over Nu. textbooks. Students are not only given free tuition but also provided with many facilities viz.per student per annum 12.1 Free services and sharing of costs The Bhutanese education system is built upon the concept of free services from primary to tertiary level.per student per annum − Lower Secondary Schools − Middle and Higher Secondary Schools Nu 200/.per student per annum Nu 100/. 87 Page . sports-items and boarding facilities and food based on need.

579.7 16.8 288.8 65.1 28.1 143.2 Total 77.) Sl No.5 19.2 5.3 28.1 582.7 25.1 29. Kanglung Gaeddug College of Business Studies National Institute of Traditional Medicine Royal Institute of Health Sciences 29.1 1.7 62.Annual Education Statistics Table 12.5 69.Chumey Vocational Training Institute.0 500.4 14.9 1.9 68.0 17.0 1.2 52.1 70.3 11.1 Annual Education Sector Budget 2010-2011 (in Million Nu.0 5.9 2. Semtokha Paro College of Education Samtse College of Education College of National Resource. Thimphu 14. Items 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total Institutes & Colleges under RUB 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Total Institutes under the MoLHR 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 Total *Budget for NFEC clubbed under Primary Education Services Institute for Zorig Chusum.0 139.2 16. Tashiyangtse National Institute for Zorig Chusum.1 10.Rangjung Construction Service Center.3 1.2 3.045.1 42.9 656.8 70. Khaling Non Formal Education Centres/Continuing Education* Tertiary Education Services Community Primary and Primary Schools Lower.6 256.6 32.0 14.4 139.6 1.Samthang Vocational Training Institute.0 0.627.2 389.236.7 28.5 184.0 257.3 18.128.3 183.6 Page 88 . Dewathang Sherubtse College.2 National direction and educational services NIVI. Rinchending Jigme Namgyel Polytechnic.3 25.2 32.4 79.2 8.0 3.815. Lobesa College of Science & Technology.3 49.6 26.8 0.Khuruthang Vocational Training Institute.4 97.0 33.2 4.9 ILCS.5 52.4 41.5 1.5 15.7 107.5 304.150.9 399.0 154.6 404.Sershong/Sarpang Vocational Training Institute.7 19.7 8.0 14.2 1.4 78.2 1.6 0. Thimphu Vocational Training Institute.7 35. Thimphu Institute of Automobile Engineering.8 22.5 326.3 5.0 48.9 142.7 9.0 138. Middle & Higher Secondary Schools School Procurement services Resource Centre Services Gewog Education Services Current 47.7 8.4 Capital 29.9 2.0 746.3 1.

Cap.62 81% 0.73 92. Cap.03 17.83 0.61 12% 3.33 158% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0.17 40.87 3 - Dagana Expe.67 36.04 33.49 5.43 35.09 27.37 7 Mongar Expe.53 94% 17% 32.03 0% 0% 0.11 42.67 % 129% 129% 98% Bud.67 90% 61.58 100% 12.15 100% 10.69 28% 62.03 14.47 33.34 2.67 36. 23.57 5.32 1.77 0.87 89% 1.04 20.13 15. 7.11 5.07 120. Cur.21 7.95 12.55 2 Chukha Expe. 21.33 73% 101. - 4.95 Annual Education Statistics 89 Page % 27% 173% 651% 92% .11 14% 15. Dzongkhag Primary Tot.15 100% 10.74 94% 7.97 99% 161.03 4.09 1 Bumthang Expe.20 90% 74.74 5. 46. Cap.53 70.06 1. - 4. Bud.08 58% 65% 100% 100% 77% 27.67 74% 71.51 11.57 1.12 166.25 48.59 77% 91% 0.34 % 92% 79% 90% Bud.75 12. Tot. 24.19 4.53 100% 9.67 36.74 18.29 15.71 9.21 1.25 12.16 11.83 21.41 12.07 0.77 1.06 0.10 98% 30.65 1.51 3.18 82.45 34.14 0.39 1. Cur.06 98% 192.19 14.40 8 Paro Expe.15 9. - - - % Bud.01 11% 87% 89% 96% 96% 81% 9.21 68% 68% 0% 6.01 81% 116.39 1.23 0.14 2.13 0.34 % 27% 27% Bud.03 0.70 94% 125.25 38% 1.41 235% 100% 9.49 35.15 126. Cur.14 0.80 161.46 95% 40.13 10.34 28.60 13.47 78% 49.80 48.43 21.06 1.67 4.39 0.05 11.32 54% 288.23 0. Cur. 44. 26.19 1.96 - 12.36 26. - 23.70 22.26 96% 55.75 116.51 4.78 9.65 0.60 22.16 13.77 1. Cap.82 101% 11.09 4. Tot.55 8.32 4. Cur.20 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 0% 1.73 2. Cap.84 83% 20.65 0.20 0.93 76% Cur.06 0. 12.37 123.54 0% 100% 6.34 20.19 0.06 0.38 10.51 10 Punakha Expe.41 156. Secondary SLD SPS RCS SLD MSB ZDS TOTAL 24.57 0% 0% 0% 0% 95% 95% 19.40 61.50 54.60 16. % Bud. 33. 79% - 16.25 12.64 99% 49% 9 P/Gatshel Expe. 34.89 12.53 12.20 47.94 Cap. Tot.Sl.53 0.19 % 102% 102% 74% Bud. Cap.13 7.23 5.60 39.90 15.93 8.47 3.02 98% 126.43 2. - 2.55 45.03 9.62 11. Tot.08 0. - 12.99 0% 3.48 4.71 % 96% 69% 89% Bud. Tot. Cur.77 0. Cap.09 94% 26.67 1.61 54.56 43.49 85% 148.25 12.14 10.87 % 100% 54% 283% Bud.11 0. Tot.61 35. Tot.16 1.15 122.72 93% 62.25 23.71 93% 43.75 69.09 46.32 2.41 79% 175.34 83% 219.43 12.32 0.33 70. 5 Haa Expe.99 40.68 25.03 0.39 84% 187.32 4.83 2. Cap.73 0.58 12.22 11.25 % 0% 95% Bud.70 3.63 98% 9.77 1.97 43.80 77% 0% 78% 6. Cur. - - - 4 Gasa Expe.86 115.47 23.39 0. Tot.96 6 Lhuntshe Expe.53 6.15 70% 61.57 87% 35.87 152. - 8.34 82.07 0.61 5.06 0.23 5.19 80% 40.70 83% 100% 100% 100% 100% 85% 18.13 14.59 91% 100% 80% 80% 94% 94% 1.16 1.97 49% 27.13 32.01 100% 11% 14.33 158% 185.19 0.15 9. No Cur.24 93.02 6.57 15.

76 83.45 238.27 133.46 13. 54.92 72% 112.65 22. Tot.96 5.08 96% 96% 9. 42.70 100% 44.27 21.36 23.36 949.88 29.71 59.47 582.61 64% 40.38 61.82 50.59 % 53% 50% 52% 100% 75% Bud.93 2.13 0.33 97.531. 19. Cur.94 97% 56.05 90% 65. Cap. Tot.77 19.80 48.34 142.14 0.31 99% 9.73 17.62 94% 0% 138.64 287.71 2. 82. 42.39 20.96 5.81 67% 99% 1.03 0.73 16 Trashigang Expe.90 2.83 102% 241.17 4.42 1.52 13 Sarpang Expe.25 406. 40.00 11.31 40.48 0.97 48.08 78% 43.84 157.91 238.01 0. Tot. 55.87 60. 24.40 41.79 % 95% 72% 87% Bud.54 1.71 131.59 2.09 3.76 100% 157.46 W/ Expe.10 0.80 1.23 98% 102.235.15 0.62 21.27 0.41 75.19 100% 5.47 147.94 4.62 112.66 22.62 68% 220% 0% 23% 2% 98% 49% 78% Cap.15 0% 0.90 106% 106% 29% 29% 100% 100% 3.57 1.26 5.92 68.04 14 Thimphu Expe. 23.19 0.48 92.57 91% 55.15 28.25 0.84 24.27 6.77 % 97% 77% 85% Bud.76 96% 11.62 % 100% 64% 95% 480% 58% Bud.98 126.77 1.56 2.37 0. Tot.75 870% 83% 0% 21. Tot.89 8.13 0.31 77% 71.17 2.52 78.83 Phodrang % 98% 68% 90% 105% 61% Bud.89 51.40 28.83 2.46 17.15 0.79 45. Cap.51 4.67 21 Zhemgang Expe.68 0. 19. 17.41 87% 1.41 27.88 330.81 178.17 45.71 101% 105.19 100% 5.31 76.47 17.59 17 T/Yangtse Expe.60 33. Tot.16 24.44 2.47 42% 870% 0.28 87.67 36.08 0.51 12 Samtse Expe.03 % 73% 56% 32% Bud. 37.68 9.05 95.31 99% 0.03 174.03 0.62 6.00 63.04 16.87 71. 19.693. Dzongkhag Primary Secondary SLD SPS RCS ZDS TOTAL Cur. 57.72 22.08 46.82 0. Bud.68 1.22 34.177.96 5. Cur.59 0.81 99% 1.85 54.12 5.11 46.59 115.53 % 100% 2% 102% 99% 102% Bud.76 18.66 196% 150.53 38% 55.05 5.45 9.30 55% 129.03 2.38 0.01 0.70 49.05 737.93 149.92 142.81 9.58 90% 121.45 0.51 6.38 99% 0.96 0.17 1.51 126. 39.16 9. 554.19 100% 8.10 27.72 80.86 45.22 102.59 100% 100% 0% 0% 9.37 43.75 16.50 996.12 35.59 0.62 67.87 51.41 87% 179.32 36.68 64.56 43.35 23.662.75 100% 100% 1% 1% 189% 59% 113.72 9.08 90% 86.98 82.11 41.43 48. 38.66 2.77 0.98 133. No Cur.13 89% 0.35 31.85 20.10 0.15 0. Cur.16 77% 47.68 2.28 1. 60.04 19 Tsirang Expe.19 91% 172.36 10.95 % 104% 8% 68% 100% 74% Bud.Sl.06 27.92 17.98 82.53 24.05 0.47 44.14 93% 93% 21.10 0.59 0.72 5.86 91% 78.37 99.96 0.68 20.39 94% 94% 76% 76% 92% 92% 1.03 99% 124.31 47.34 2.99 31.03 0.72 56.05 40.38 10.75 75% 121.25 2.03 0.07 50% 33.16 2. Cur.80 Annual Education Statistics Page 90 88% 41% 98% 85% 99% 69% 97% 50% 11 S/Jongkhar Expe.11 85% 134.04 5.05 40. Tot.03 0.42 % 90% 59% 77% 105% 57% .34 2.00 0.51 38. Cap.52 72% 33.96 28.28 1.23 13.327. 17.48 20.35 2. Cur.46 16.50 97% 77.87 30.72 0.28 100% 2. 42.01 1.82 0.35 % 98% 43% 82% 100% 74% Bud.11 960.80 59. 499.04 100% 8.06 10. Cap.37 1.01 0.89 333.01 0.58 98.68 1.19 8.10 97% 97% 94% 94% 97% 97% 10.84 % 98% 85% 92% 20 Bud. 82. 54.17 9.19 2.86 33.59 129.21 3. Cap.39 1.94 13.75 98% 6.58 71.54 18 Trongsa Expe.05 6.08 109.74 21.14 58% 168.01 121.15 19.46 91% 148.28 100% 2.45 1.30 11.44 100.00 0.65 66% 5.97 89.23 99.20 143% 287.18 573.02 57.76 166.14 18.74 Total Expe.81 1.91 87% 87% 0% 0% 0% 138.90 49.83 0.36 21.00 84.68 2.26 95% 47. Cap.48 6.75 64% 43.05 97% 97% 67% 6.38 99% 0.84 99% 56.56 185.54 81% 288.64 11.47 18.871.00 3.96 5.36 0.07 23.11 152.03 0.

35 31. 2 S/Jongkhar Expe.70 49.76 100% 99.23 20.11 85% 40. % Bud.02 57. % Bud.07 50% 61. Top 5 utilizers of budget Sl. 35. 129. % Bud.46 91% Table 12.48 189% 27.28 87.61 12% 91 Page .55 45. % Bud.15 70% 43. % TOTAL Cur.19 91% 172.25 38% Tot.91 238.87 89% Cap.41 12.84 24.12 121.16 77% 47. 1 Lhuntshe Expe.19 80% 77.47 23.33 70.98 126.34 142. 5 6 Tsirang W/Phodrang Expe. 288.No Dzongkhag Bud. Expe. 4 5 Samtse Dagana Expe.61 64% 113.87 60.97 99% 134.36 26.87 71.67 74% 74.33 73% 121.14 58% 101. % Bud.23 98% 64.52 72% 40.71 93% 55.90 15. Top 5 under utilizers of budget Sl.70 100% 71.10 98% 33.84 157.76 166.50 54.11 152.Annual Education Statistics Table 12.27 133.53 38% 35.03 99% 124.06 98% 168.13 32.97 49% 18. % Bud. 26. Expe. 61.2(b).75 64% Tot. 2 Chukha Expe. 241.41 27.87 30.20 100% 71.22 102.86 91% 112. % Bud.95 12.71 101% Cap.64 287. 3 Mongar Expe. 1 Trashigang Expe.72 59% 43. 4 Sarpang Expe.31 77% 174. % TOTAL Cur.92 72% 287.97 43.60 39.49 35. % Bud.2(c). 3 Trongsa Expe.75 149.No Dzongkhag Bud. % Bud.

861 330. Semtokha Jigme Namgyel Polytechnic.987 18. May 2010* Schools & Institute under the Ministry of Education Primary Schools a) Day Scholars b) Boarders Lower Secondary Schools a) Day Scholars b) Boarders Middle Secondary Schools a) Day Scholars b) Boarders Higher Secondary Schools a) Day Scholars b) Boarders National Institute for Visually Impaired Institutes & Colleges under Royal University of Bhutan College of Natural Resources.194 274.609 77.603 48.851 67.184 203. Kanglung Gaeddug College of Business Studies Total Institutes under the MoLHR Khuruthang Vocational Training Institute Ranjung Vocational Training Institute Sherzhong Vocational Training Institute Chumey Vocational Training Institute Samthang Vocational Training Institute Institute of Automibile Engineering National Institute for Zorig Chusum Trashiyangtse Institute for Zorig Chusum Total 121.3 Table 12.182 42.507 133.556 96.991 136. Rinchhending Institute of Language and Culture Studies.508 68. Lobesa College of Science and Technology.354 50.677 *This is based on 2009-2010 expenditures Page 92 .730 35. Samtse Sherubtse College.294 56.129 63.483 140.3 Per head costs The estimated per head cost by school levels as given in table 12.912 74. Thimphu Paro College of Education. Dewathang National Institute of Traditional Medicine.853 13.3 : Estimated cost per student.108 140.443 16.258 67.129 10.634 68.196 76.438 22.835 41.047 250. Paro Royal Institute of Health Sciences.328 27.523 Cost per student per annum (in Nu) 11. Thimphu Samtse College of Education.203 37.Annual Education Statistics 12.924 208.

Annual Education Statistics Additional Statistical Tables 93 Page .

6% 2.7% 2267 394 3177 14.3% 21 1.9% 1983 28.7% 4.9% 682 537 3.6% 6.0% 21724 100.6% 2.2% Private CPS # % Public PS # 342 1347 113 98 594 1458 876 1327 434 866 % 1.0% Table A1.9% 165 22.1% 4.1% 521 70.2% 1181 5.4% 9.3% 2373 6.8% Public CPS # 929 % 3.2% 5400 10.9% 1190 4.9% 2084 10.6% 532 428 692 2.9% 1.6% 248 0.9% 7.2% 6.1% 2.0% 2220 10.2% 6.9% 5.0% 140 1042 36.6% 120 2870 100.5% 2323 714 343 739 956 1323 5.4% 4.6% 4.5% 2.2% 8.0% 1438 4.1% 4.5% 9.9% 1.4% 1.0% 2.3% 75 25 216 2.8% 4.9% 590 100.1% 2055 7.0% 49358 100.6% 1002 4.3% 3.1% 125 179 650 0.8% 2.0% 744 100.2% 3899 1826 3.0% 590 100.4% 3.8% 5.1% 3577 2331 678 2011 2027 1224 7.0% 616 454 2.2% 4.3% 3.6% 1516 90.0% 3.0% 692 2.5% 2.7% 1.0% 7075 100.7% 5582 7.9% 1429 4.2% 6.2% 274 2518 8.9% 7.1% 4.5% 0.7% 7.5% 5.6% 555 2.1% 3.2% 6.8% Private LSS # % Public MSS # 964 % 2.0% 1.4% 130 1 5630 14.3% 5.2% 6.0% 2695 12.9% Private MSS # % Public HSS # 485 % Private HSS # % 3.2% 8.5% 0.8% 0.5% 25259 14.8% 2.0% 39507 100.9% 1848 6. Additional tables on primary and secondary enrolment Table A1.0% 3.0% 29439 100.0% 3.6% 0.8% 6.0% 58 4717 22.3% 2083 9.4% 5970 12.8% 274 1272 5.8% 1477 6.0% 3.2% 4.0% 5894 14.9% 1.2 Enrolment per Dzongkhag by level 2009-2011 Dzongkhag Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pemagatshel Punakha S/jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang Total PP-VI 2009 2523 11011 4961 439 1946 2803 6467 5864 3913 4170 6200 10616 6961 14340 8216 3695 2439 3517 5194 3567 108842 2010 2587 10976 5197 471 1933 2781 6578 5825 3903 4259 6238 11169 7139 14539 8276 3574 2354 3737 5345 3483 110364 2011 2607 11119 5186 442 2039 2727 6756 5708 3923 4369 6184 11436 7248 14666 8207 3538 2347 3884 5354 3433 111173 2009 682 2454 833 97 500 636 1346 1514 1100 1072 1401 1801 1497 3405 1910 770 577 741 1058 903 24297 VII-VIII 2010 686 2517 963 89 478 628 1377 1562 1052 1036 1490 1990 1557 3538 1973 610 551 840 1071 896 24904 2011 727 2736 1217 111 483 662 1439 1547 1076 1083 1559 2233 1740 3580 2035 803 530 941 1137 929 26568 2009 593 1898 512 105 450 416 1143 1401 901 912 951 1168 1168 2961 1693 536 437 563 824 676 19.4% 4.0% 130 100% 20833 100.8% 1.0% 173947 100.0% 6.5% 6428 7786 9151 15580 8.0% 1677 100.1 Enrolment per Dzongkhag per type of School 2011 Dzongkhag Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro ECR # 35 155 233 47 62 52 113 62 % 1.7% 1.6% 4.2% 1.4% 2.308 IX-X 2010 607 1952 684 110 497 459 1209 1380 985 1079 1054 1342 1326 3931 1691 604 468 684 946 810 21818 2011 621 2209 856 111 441 499 1205 1356 1057 1179 1107 1564 1323 3268 1747 678 443 818 924 860 22266 2009 392 1089 55 0 150 149 579 1623 328 1160 0 143 810 3265 757 316 135 257 257 350 11815 XI-XII 2010 373 1117 115 0 172 126 800 1911 373 1174 157 238 890 3669 831 325 113 251 298 381 13314 2011 457 996 128 0 175 112 769 2367 372 1155 301 347 956 3745 784 288 85 249 294 360 13940 Page 94 .0% 988 3.5% 0.2% 2906 9.4% 0.0% 4.0% 10978 1073 4.0% 7.3% 3039 10.2% 0.4% 8.6% # 4412 17060 7387 664 3138 4000 10169 Total % 2.4% 2.8% 816 1650 2689 764 2748 3021 2.4% 1.4% 3.6% Private PS # % Public LSS # 1383 % 2.6% 2385 8.9% 5.Annual Education Statistics A1.6% 399 563 2.3% 1054 3.1% 2.4% 11267 Pema Gatshel 178 Punakha S/ongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang Total 16 134 170 32 114 109 1476 5.9% 7.5% 1668 301 750 878 1706 1274 8.9% 2.7% 5.4% 1453 4.3% 9.8% 3.0% 6.9% 2.4% 597 4928 10.4% 2509 35.1% 919 13.4% 3.2% 12773 5307 3405 5892 7709 1.1% 1.0% 0.4% 7.1% 3.6% 2837 9.2% 5.3% 1687 570 2942 3376 2503 1469 1807 3649 3.

Annual Education Statistics Table A1.3 PP-VI enrolment by Dzongkhag Dzongkhag Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema Gatshel Punakha Samdrup Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Phodrang Zhemgang Total Male 1246 5533 2628 221 1028 1384 3387 2887 2006 2121 3088 5941 3651 7432 4107 1760 1198 2011 2648 1664 55941 Female 1361 5586 2558 221 1011 1343 3369 2821 1917 2248 3096 5495 3597 7234 4100 1778 1149 1873 2706 1769 55232 Total 2607 11119 5186 442 2039 2727 6756 5708 3923 4369 6184 11436 7248 14666 8207 3538 2347 3884 5354 3433 111173 Table A1.606 Female 706 2516 1004 106 485 596 1310 1593 1070 1244 1375 1877 1595 3690 1881 774 499 877 1157 873 25.4 VII-X enrolment by Dzongkhag Dzongkhag Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema Gatshel Punakha Samdrup Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Phodrang Zhemgang Total Male 642 2429 1069 116 439 565 1334 1310 1063 1018 1291 1920 1468 3158 1901 707 474 882 904 916 23.834 95 Page .228 Total 1348 4945 2073 222 924 1161 2644 2903 2133 2262 2666 3797 3063 6848 3782 1481 973 1759 2061 1789 48.

Annual Education Statistics Table A1.586 % 42% 54% 4% 100% 29% 58% 13% 100% # 1.309 1.159 3.527 7139 6462 5603 4987 4734 4598 4060 Total Girls 6.335 3225 2797 2277 1845 1665 1698 1514 Private Girls 3.327 3.090 449 3.192 3914 3665 3326 3142 3069 2900 2546 Girls 3.033 6. Public Schools Arts Commerce Science Sub-total Arts Commerce Science Sub-total # 350 1.608 7.047 2.306 1.7% Table A1.7 Enrolment in Class XI and XII per stream.905 3.039 2821 2519 2181 2023 1695 1432 1213 Total 7.2% 8.3% Table A1.8% 15.689 128 3.228 2.123 1.7% 12.253 Total % 25% 45% 30% 100% 18% 46% 36% 100% Page 96 Class XII .564 280 1.413 6175 5353 4554 3829 3368 3086 2631 Total 13.374 3354 2834 2373 1806 1673 1654 1418 Total 6.656 2.6 Enrolment in Classes XI and XII .687 1.5 Total(PP-XII) enrolment by Dzongkhag Dzongkhag Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema Gatshel Punakha Samdrup Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Phodrang Zhemgang Total Total Enrolment 4412 17060 7387 664 3138 4000 10169 10978 6428 7786 9151 15580 11267 25259 12773 5307 3405 5892 7709 5582 173947 Enrolment in Classes XI & XII Year 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 Public Boys 4.940 13314 11815 10157 8816 8102 7684 6691 626 1499 1658 1341 714 418 993 887 Annual growth %age 4.709 6579 5631 4650 3651 3338 3352 2932 Boys 7.4% 14.231 6735 6184 5507 5165 4764 4332 3759 Boys 3.667 % 10% 37% 53% 100% 8% 33% 59% 100% Class XI Private Schools # 1.318 2.998 2.7% 16.3% 15.8% 5. 2004-2011 Average annual growth rate 11.

7% 3.2% 4.7% 23.1% 1 11.2% 3.9% 8.3% 6.4% 1.6% 5.2% 6.5% 4.2% 1 1 33.2% 7.7% 4.6% 4.2% 4.0% 2 3 4 1 5 5 4 2 6 5 1 1 1 2 3 3.9% 1.7% 4.3% 2.3% 11 11.6% 5.9% 3.0% 56 100.5% 6.1 Public and Private Schools per Dzongkhag 2011 Dzongkhag Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema Gatshel Punakha S/ Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang Total 1 100.0% 3.0% 1 11.7% 7.9% 5.7% 3.5% 6.7% 5.3% 3 2 7 6 6 3 4 5 5 8 10 6 3 2 3 3 3.0% 2.7% 3.0% Private CPS # % Public CPS # 11 20 13 2 2 13 32 4 18 9 11 11 12 5 31 19 15 7 15 15 % 4.8% 2.8% 7.0% 90 100.8% 4.9% 3.5% 12.6% 5.3% # % Public LSS # 3 6 5 % 3.5% 6.0% 2.2% 6.7% 6.8% 4.1% 1.6% 8.0% 7.7% 6.0% Table A2.0% 650 100.1% 1.7% 8.3% 1.3% 1 1 100.2% 7. 2011 Table A2.6% 3.0% 99 100% 13 100.7% # 1 3 1 % 3.1% 1.1% 1.2% 3.0% 7 77.2% 3.1% Private HSS Public HSS Private LSS # 1 1 % 7.3% 2.6% 8.6% 5.0% 6.1% 4.3% 4.4% 5.1% 11.2% 4.1% 1 100.2 Electricity.7% 1 3 7.8% 1 7.9% 5.6% 10.7% 5.2% 6.0% 3.3% 4.0% 1 7.8% 0.0% 3.6% 10.2% 5.7% # 2 5 7 1 2 3 6 1 7 6 4 3 2 ECR % 2. phone and internet connectivity by dzongkhag Dzongkhag Bhutan Bumthang Chukhaa Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro P/Gatshel Punakha S/Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang T/Yangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang Electricity connectivity Yes Yes % 395 61% 12 57% 33 13 2 6 17 29 22 22 23 15 18 19 40 56 22 11 5 19 11 70% 43% 40% 55% 57% 51% 92% 58% 82% 48% 35% 73% 93% 79% 73% 44% 29% 59% 33% Working Landline Phone Yes Yes% 443 68% 16 76% 36 16 3 6 16 37 20 24 21 16 17 17 39 52 21 23 14 21 28 77% 53% 60% 55% 53% 65% 83% 63% 75% 52% 33% 65% 91% 73% 70% 92% 82% 66% 85% Working Internet Connection Yes Yes % 215 33% 7 33% 19 5 1 5 4 14 15 10 10 5 11 11 27 30 14 9 3 9 6 40% 17% 20% 45% 13% 25% 63% 26% 36% 16% 22% 42% 63% 42% 47% 36% 18% 28% 18% 97 Page .2% 1.9% 11.1% 6.8% 3.7% 7.5% 6.5% 1.1% 3.5% 3.8% 6.1% 1 1 2 2 2 1 1 2 2 2 4 1 1 1 2 1 3.6% 8.4% 100.2% 7.0% 1 4 7.8% 6 10 3 4 3 5 9 7.2% 3.2% 7.8% 8.9% 11.0% 3 100.2% 3.8% 3.1% 6.9% 4.5% 3.Annual Education Statistics A2.8% 1.8% 1.0% 5.9% 12.7% 30.9% 7.7% 4.9% 3.2% 3.7% 2.7% 5.3% 12.7% 6.4% 4.9% 0.1% 1.0% 9 82 100.8% Private PS # % Public PS # 1 6 1 1 3 9 6 3 4 3 5 % 1.2% 9.2% 1 33.5% 6.1% 29 29.7% 1 3 5 1 1.0% 31 100.0% 5. Additional tables on infrstructure.8% 3.0% 100.0% 6.6% Private MSS # % Public MSS # 2 5 3 1 % 3.8% 1.1% # 21 47 30 5 11 30 57 24 38 28 31 51 26 43 71 30 25 17 32 33 Total % 3.8% 4.3% 3.0% 7.3% 3.2% 3.6% 0.3% 33.1% 7.7% 11.0% 265 100.4% 7.

2% 6.5% 4.0% 5.4% 2.0% 0.3% 200 22.3% 6.4% 4.8% Private LSS # 0 % Public LSS Private MSS Public MSS # 65 % 3.8% 9.3% 5.4% 11 11% 3 2.9% Private PS # % Public PS # 15 52 5 10 33 61 32 57 20 45 77 0 0 % 1.6% 578 259 218 219 349 255 7.0% 0.9% 9 100.1% 92 76 50 85 58 6.0% 7553 100.1% 18 89 59 60 78 74 9 100.0% 102 100.6% 5.2% 6.0% 0.1% 7.8% 0. 2011 Table A3.0% Table A3.7% 4.6% 6.3% 93 5.3% 6.4% Private HSS # 11 21 0 0 0 0 18 77 0 41 0 0 21 % 3.0% 116 100% 329 100.0% 0.5% 36 67.0% 0.7% 7.5% 196 10.9% 2.8% 4.5% 3.6% 6.2% 0.7% 3.0% 34 100.0% 1370 100.3% 6.6% 167 10.4% 0.6% 0.2 Teachers in Bhutan in 2011 per school type per Dzongkhag Dzongkhag Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pemagatsel Punakha S/Jonkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu T/gang T/yangtse Tongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang Total ECR 18 31 29 24 21 17 16 62 18 19 27 31 25 13 18 8 27 28 32 25 CPS 19 24 30 10 15 14 21 14 17 17 24 39 28 19 19 16 16 29 22 18 21 PS 23 26 23 10 18 24 27 23 22 19 27 LSS 21 28 31 23 25 23 22 26 22 28 32 30 22 25 27 14 31 26 24 25 MSS 21 25 30 15 20 30 21 22 21 25 34 26 23 23 23 18 23 22 24 24 HSS 16 23 21 18 16 19 18 20 18 23 27 15 24 21 19 16 22 15 21 20 Public 20 25 29 13 20 20 23 21 21 20 26 33 26 23 22 20 16 27 22 23 23 Pvt 25 17 Total 20 25 29 13 20 20 22 22 21 20 25 33 26 21 22 20 16 27 22 22 23 15 25 22 13 26 18 24 25 13 17 24 25 25 23 9 19 Page 98 .4% 2.4% Public HSS # 30 % 2.7% 5.1% 2.7% 2.0% 98 28 27 31 69 27 9.6% 3.0% 37 1.6% 103 31 19 32 44 55 6.7% 3.4% 7.3% 3 2 2.9% 3.9% 2.4% 2.0% 1949 100.0% 5.5% 4.9% 3.2% 2.2% 4.4% 2.0% 0.6% 5.9% 6.0% 2.0% 4.0% 13 24.6% 1.0% 7.6% 2.2% 5.0% 8.1% 27 0 35 28 77 70 53 38 23 83 77 2.1% 2.7% 2.6% 5.7% 6.9% 1.6% 2.Annual Education Statistics A3.0% 3.0% 1.2% 12 10.1% 0 0 0 0 0 13 0.6% 68 23 45 36 68 50 7.7% 5.0% 2.7% 1.6% 138 10.3% # % # 46 158 75 26 0 40 55 128 34 133 120 % 2.6% 6.0% 897 100.0% 6. Additional tables on teachers.0% # 219 687 252 51 155 203 456 507 301 390 360 476 439 Total % 2.3% 1179 15.4% 1.1% 3.9% 4.7% 34 29.3% 0.9% 4.9% 3.4% 0.0% 0.1% 3.8% 8.7% 0.5% 0.3% 5.7% 4.3% 4.6% 113 10.6% 7.6% 0.1% 8.9% 1.0% 1620 100.7% 4.7% 127 38.2% 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 0 4 7.6% 1.0% 34 100.5% 2.7% 6.0% 6.8% 139 13.0% 0.0% 0.0% 261 16.6% 6.6% 2.5% 2.9% 272 14.7% 1.2% 7.5% 3.3% 2.3% 0 2 5 6 1 0.7% 5.5% 23.0% 53 100.0% 1073 100.5% 3.8% 3.5% 0 0 0 0 0 0 145 85 49 65 77 51 7.0% 12.6% 7.0% 0.5% # 2 5 8 2 3 3 7 1 10 6 4 ECR % 1.5% 5.6% 7.3% 5.5% 3.5% 58 0 72 23 129 153 95 68 65 114 167 3.0% 4.2% 4.0% 2.4% 88 86.0% 3.9% 8.4% 5.3% 4.2% 3.0% 0.4% 152 11.9% 9.5% 0.4% 2.1 Public and Private Teachers per Dzongkhag Dzongkhag Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema Gatshel Punakha S/Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue P Zhemgang Total Private CPS Public CPS # % # 50 103 79 13 12 48 % 3.9% 0.

757 89% 614 11% 5.298 490 174 255 437 1.5 Numbers of teachers by academic qualification.4 Teachers qualification in public and private school.111 89% 647 11% 5.681 6.ED B.997 245 195 1.525 Public NBht 2 199 286 7 0 6 0 500 All 2 429 4.601 499 7.028 653 6.Annual Education Statistics Table A3.025 Bht 45 154 6 60 16 281 Private NBht 42 44 4 0 0 90 All 0 87 198 10 0 60 16 371 Bht 0 275 3. March 2011 Bht 0 230 3.327 256 195 1.Ed(P) B.806 *Total NBht 2 241 330 11 0 6 0 590 All 2 516 4.129 246 195 1.D Masters Bachelors Degree PGDE PGCE Higher Secondary/Matriculation ZTC Total *No information for 157 teachers Table A3.758 6.650 1.843 239 195 1.Ed(S) Bachelors Degree M.3 Proportion of Non-Bhutanese teachers 2002-2011 2002 Bht CPS PS LSS M & HSS NID ECR Total % 3.927 92% 2011 NBht Total 2 6 65 427 141 2 0 643 8% 1371 897 1949 2693 527 17 116 7.8% 527 724 948 657 7 NBht Total 2 31 205 359 71 1 529 755 1153 215 8 Bht 889 745 1501 257 11 2007 NBht Total 3 6 103 411 91 1 892 751 Bht 998 792 2008 NBht Total 2 7 90 439 109 0 799 Bht 924 1000 1278 1627 1696 1931 1762 388 13 355 13 2009 NBht Total 3 7 89 424 130 0 931 Bht 859 1281 1338 1785 1729 2186 1992 485 13 328 123 2010 NBht Total 39 37 128 487 130 0 896 Bht 891 1377 1369 1857 1884 2479 2266 458 123 386 15 116 7. Schools 144 Table A3.535 483 6.ED Masters Degree PGDE PTC PhD in Education Post Graduate Diploma in otherfield ZTC Total Public # 691 1.2% 9.676 4.541 483 7.595 499 6.396 Ph.371 5.007 82% 669 18% 3.190 6.369 89% 821 11% 90.570 1604 1537 1776 1492 348 12 279 13 1016 1365 Pvt.541 2 4 483 7025 4 16 371 157 128 35 52 6 60 Private # 70 No Information 99 Page . March 2011 Teachers Academic degree B.

3% 3.3% 1.2 Promotion.0% 3.4% 1.0% 2006-2007 #` 21 127 389 118 600 479 242 581 237 257 % 0.604 12.771 133.8% 3.126 6.3% 2.948 118.767 13.2% 1.3% 4.2% 1.378 146.1% 5.5% 5.0% 7.1% 0.6% 2.955 152.6% 5.8% 4. Additional tables on education indicators.267 5.5% 2.421 6.883 98. 2002-2011 2002 Enrolment Promotees Repeaters Dropouts Repetition Rate Dropout Rate 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 118.8% 2.055 4.1% 1.1% 5.989 4.9% 2.343 8.9% 2009-2010 #` 534 194 190 103 576 432 173 694 83 -305 % 3.2% 0.557 4.857 128.262 134.0% 2010-2011 #` 476 -284 -6 -216 460 112 -32 265 34 731 % 2.6% 2.833 9.4% 1.4% 5.2% 6.6% 6.7% -0.9% 1.1% 5.839 14.2% 2.5% 1.3% 1.2% Table A4.0% 5.0% 3. Repeater and Dropouts rates.533 5.4% 2.8% 2.0% -1.743 8.5% After class X school leaver continue in class XI or in vocational training or join the labor market Page 100 .3% 7.1% 4.064 2.5% 4.9% 1.3% 1.266 8.206 9.8% -1.6% 3.4% 4.1% 3.606 132.1% 5.8% 3.5% 3.5% 5.674 5.8% 1.0% 0.3% 4.5% 9.1% 1.447 157.6% 3.7% 3.Annual Education Statistics A4.422 143.4% 1.2% 1.3% 2.7% 4.0% 2.0% 6.7% 0.678 143.4% 0.8% -0.0% 1.2% 6.777 136.3% 3.8% 5.1% 2. 2011 Table A4.0% 2.901 2.6% 2008-2009 #` -67 192 211 146 444 477 227 524 273 474 % -0.8% 0.2% 1.7% 4.3 Dropout rates.4% 6.3% 6.8% 4.1 Student-Teachers Ratio in Schools per Dzongkhag per type of school.355 122.833 8.8% 2.856 8.3% 1.4% 0.6% 2.5% 4.9% 7.9% 11.7% 2005-2006 #` -5 302 481 223 611 570 366 766 343 388 % 0.3% Total 1252 1284 2248 1161 4297 3142 1840 4890 1712 2912 0.6% 3.2003-2011 Ave % Class PP I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX 2003-2004 #` 44 275 267 314 492 566 532 822 164 169 % 0.0% 1.288 138.545 127.384 113.218 105.091 160.3% 2004-2005 #` 33 168 355 234 584 49 154 565 169 507 % 0.9% 3.2% 3.8% 1.8% 1.8% 5.0% 1.5% 2.007 92.2% 4. 2009-2011 CPS PS LSS MSS HSS Public 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 2009 2010 2011 Bhutan Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pemagatshel Punakha Samdrupjongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Zhemgang 23 18 30 0 19 17 18 26 15 19 20 33 34 22 19 20 20 17 31 23 23 22 16 23 30 17 16 14 23 11 18 17 27 34 24 16 20 17 17 39 22 22 21 19 24 30 10 15 14 21 14 17 17 24 39 28 19 19 16 16 29 22 18 25 25 19 14 19 24 29 25 22 24 33 33 25 27 18 18 32 25 26 26 57 13 9 22 24 25 25 18 24 28 17 26 27 25 19 28 25 24 23 23 26 23 10 18 24 27 23 22 19 27 0 0 24 25 13 17 24 25 25 27 26 29 30 23 23 27 25 28 25 36 28 34 24 25 29 17 32 30 25 26 27 28 29 25 25 25 19 26 21 29 44 39 24 24 29 14 31 26 17 25 21 28 31 0 23 25 23 22 26 22 28 32 30 22 25 27 14 31 26 24 27 25 26 35 18 21 24 20 24 25 28 36 30 22 23 27 21 31 20 22 26 21 22 33 16 23 20 33 26 22 28 35 28 26 23 17 20 22 26 36 24 21 25 30 15 0 20 30 21 22 21 25 34 26 23 23 23 18 23 22 24 21 17 23 20 18 22 20 16 23 21 0 18 16 19 18 20 18 23 27 15 24 21 19 16 22 15 21 24 24 27 21 17 20 21 25 22 24 22 32 31 26 22 23 23 19 29 23 24 24 20 30 25 14 21 22 23 22 22 21 27 32 27 22 23 21 18 28 23 26 23 20 25 29 13 20 20 23 21 21 20 26 33 26 23 22 20 16 27 22 23 20 22 21 24 28 16 23 16 21 22 19 20 19 15 28 19 22 22 20 20 18 28 16 21 20 19 19 21 15 27 Table A4.9% 2007-2008 #` 216 310 361 239 530 457 178 673 409 691 % 1.126 12.2% 2.3% 5.7% 3.2% 9.

0% 944 6.1% 1100 7.2% 1236 7.0% 615 5.3% 1285 8.4% 1130 6.8% 1526 10.4% 7.6% 1043 6.1% 1208 8.Annual Education Statistics Table A4.7% 1192 7.8% 734 5.5% 1042 6.8% 4.4% 506 3.8% 924 6.5% 920 6.5% 1034 6.0% 636 8.2% 1359 8.7 Survival rate to grade 5.4% 389 3.9% 715 7.2% 275 3.9% 1739 11.3% 731 5.3% 1761 11.5% 1091 6.4% 516 6. 2010 Year No.6% 520 5.6% 968 5.1% 794 6.3% 1726 13.5% 972 7.8% 665 5.6% 1416 9. of students appeared No.4% 8.7% 599 4.6 Class XII results.4% 887 6.1% 457 4.8% 1173 7.0% 1035 9.3% 1055 6. 2010 Year No.9% 782 6.0% 1507 9.8% 856 5.9% 1347 8.2% Table A4.0% 10.1% 1131 6.5% 1280 7.0% 6.3% 1265 9.1% 606 6.4% 603 5.1% 1240 7. of students failed Pass % 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 3159 2519 640 4596 4215 381 4791 4411 380 5298 5110 188 6057 5822 235 6392 5945 447 6893 6338 555 7924 7573 351 7982 7526 456 8898 8671 227 9320 8961 367 80% 92% 92% 96% 96% 93% 92% 96% 94% 97% 96% Table A4. of students appeared No. 2006-2010 Boys 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 89% 83% 90% 92% 97% Girls 92% 95% 96% 95% 98% Total 91% 89% 93% 94% 97% 101 Page .0% 828 8.5% 8.9% 1299 8.2% 1100 12.9% 961 6.8% 802 5. of students passed No.4% 8.4% 7.8% 5.3% 8. 200-2011 Ave % Class PP I II III IV V VI VII VIII IX 2003-2004 # % 2004-2005 # % 2005-2006 # % 2006-2007 # % 2007-2008 # % 2008-2009 # % 2009-2010 # % 2010-2011 # 911 % 5.2% 1255 9.7% 483 4.3% 938 5.5% 464 4.4% 1223 9.1% 867 12.4 Repetition rates.6% 873 7.2% 805 344 7.1% 679 5. of students failed Pass % 2000 2001 2002 2003 2004 2005 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 529 1206 1703 2997 3170 3871 3969 5027 5510 6530 6346 469 60 1115 1582 2688 2904 3494 3737 4263 4768 5950 5424 91 121 309 266 377 232 764 533 600 922 89% 92% 93% 90% 92% 90% 94% 85% 87% 91% 85% Table A4.7% 1235 8.6% 442 3.8% 1010 8.5 Class X results.0% 442 3.1% 1257 8.3% 917 8.5% 1113 6.7% 318 4.4% 848 5.1% 1369 8.8% 4.9% 389 3.7% 542 6.8% 813 5. of students passed No.7% 465 4.7% 571 4.

870 7.705 7.1% 86.127 15.828 Correct Age 12 12859 13.474 11.8 Survival rate to grade 10. MoHCA 2009 # 86352 1024 940 1881 3852 % 92% 1% 1% 2% 4% # 87998 3068 470 939 1426 2010 % 94% 3% 1% 1% 2% # 88133 1065 463 671 2348 2011 % 95% 1% 1% 1% 3% * assuming 0.029 14.253 8.246 11.6% Basic 72% 73.259 12.814 14.1% 59.331 X 10.Annual Education Statistics Table A4.10 Pre-Primary enrolment by Age 2009 More than 6yrs 6yrs 5 years and below 52% 41% 7% 2010 42% 47% 11% 2011 44% 45% 12% Table A4.4% 54.12 Completion Rate for Primary and Basic education New Entrants VI 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 13.9% 90.645 14.789 16 14274 14.05% of primary aged children are abroad from PHCB 2005 Table A4.7% 75.039 Completion rate Primary 103% 97.0% 49.619 6. 2006-2010 Boys 2006 2007 2008 2009 2010 71% 65% 75% 76% 84% Girls 72% 76% 80% 84% 85% Total 72% 70% 78% 80% 85% Table A4.404 16.8% 76.6% Page 102 .131 14.577 15.9 Net Enrolment Ratio since 2007 Boys 84% 87% 91% 93% 94% Girls 84% 89% 93% 95% 96% Total 84% 88% 92% 94% 95% 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 Table A4.5% 42.541 13.311 10.300 13.451 12.11 Details on the 6-12 years old children since 2009 Division of 6-12 years old children Right aged primary enrolment Primary aged enrolled in Secondary school Primary aged children abroad* Primary aged enrolled in Monastery** Primary aged not in school ** Source: Dratshang Lhentshog.

83% 2.34% 910.33% 1.30% 96.9 1.13% 95.88% 965.81% -0.3 1.03% 99.8 1.9 1.22% Pupil-years invested per Graduate Coefficient of Internal Efficiency Female PP Promotion rate Repetition rate Dropout rate Adjusted promotion rate Survivors to the Grade Average study time at Grade 4.78% 0.76% 0.92% 96.83% 95.66% 91.1 V 6.36% -0.93% 88.22% -0.92% 99.28% 0.1 970.9 1.0 X 0.3 1.79% -1.98% 90.0 IV 6.41% -1.11% 1.72% 970.23% 932.000.9 1.20% 1.34% 2.92% 96.30% 912.55% 2.13 Coefficient of internal efficiency for basic education Both Sexes PP Promotion rate Repetition rate Dropout rate Adjusted promotion rate Survivors to the Grade Average study time at Grade 5.2 1.49% 90.34% 892.5 1.9 1.02% 91.2 1.1 V 5.88% 88.06% 975.72% IV 9.00% 849.1 VIII 3.02% -1.42% 89.24% -0.81% 965.0 1.9 1.30% 95.23% Pupil-years invested per Graduate Coefficient of Internal Efficiency Male PP Promotion rate Repetition rate Dropout rate Adjusted promotion rate Survivors to the Grade Average study time at Grade 6.1 VI 4.6 13.7% Graduates 91.38% 965.47% 99.1 VIII 3.1 1.06% 975.10% -0.72% 92.000.27% III 5.02% 932.1 VI 3.07% 2.92% 95.77% 0.44% 0.1 VIII 3.0 VII 6.74% 94.72% 97.64% 90.50% 96.7 1.89% 892.00% 851.78% 916.91% 95.00% 837.4 1.7 1.1 I 5.0 837.08% 5.17% 87.11% 94.08% 91.36% 935.59% 90.9 1.93% 93.8% Graduates 93.6 11.6 1.1 V 5.74% 93.1 945.2 1.0 X 0.0 1.1 91.92% 94.21% 0.31% 2.83% 970.1 965.1 II 5.39% 970.6 1.6 12.34% 92.92% 96.23% -0.02% 2.8 85.06% 3.3 1.91% 95.21% 2.9 1.2 1.64% 91.24% Pupil-years invested per Graduate Coefficient of Internal Efficiency 103 Page .42% 89.0 93.9 1.91% 925.50% 95.34% 91.1 90.50% 96.47% 99.64% 91.9 1.8 85.30% 6.1 II 7.92% 96.21% 93.96% 93.53% 2.95% 91.Annual Education Statistics Table A4.7 1.65% 94.34% -0.0 851.72% 0.79% 940.1 III 4.89% -2.91% 96.0 IX 4.96% 93.88% 88.66% -0.05% VII 6.31% 88.19% 6.97% 945.5 12.0 849.9 11.17% 94.06% 912.90% 974.0 1.03% 99.77% 1.4 11.0 IX 4.32% 94.7 1.9 1.07% IV 8.50% 97.57% 91.6 1.41% 912.0 84.67% 96.0 X 0.1 I 6.35% III 5.32% 95.9% Graduates 90.1 II 6.0 IX 4.66% -1.13% 97.07% 945.85% 974.2 1.0 VII 6.09% VI 3.28% 87.0 I 4.000.92% 99.73% 94.

8% 76.6% 20.2% III IV V VI VII VIII IX 18. PP Right Age Underage Overage 44.5% 13.2% 10.Annual Education Statistics Table A4.9% 71.8% 12.1% 61.7% 8.5% 18.8% 7.5% 74.2% 65.1% 56.2% 71.14 Number of schools by class size by dzongkhag Less than 36 21 36 25 3 11 30 52 22 35 24 26 38 17 16 17 62 27 23 13 28 29 555 Class size 36 1 More than 36 2 Bumthang Chhukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuentse Mongar Paro Pema Gatshel Punakha Samdrup Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimthrom Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdue Phodrang Zhemgang Total 1 1 1 1 2 2 1 2 2 2 4 14 Table A4.9% 68.9% 8.4% 17.0% 12 BMIS (Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey) 2010 Page 104 .9% 20.5% 8.0% 6.6% 28.15 Right age.2% 5.0% X XI XII 17.8% 73.9% 5.8% 47. underage and overage details by class 2011.9% 7.6% I 38.8% 43.9% 9.8% 76.7% II 31.6% 11.5% 22.6% 74.0% 24.1% 19.

8% 32.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 22 0.3% 15 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.16 Aged-specific enrolment rates by class.7% 1.0% 0.0% 7.3% 14 0.0% 0.0% 1.6% 3.4% 0.7% 20.2% 3.3% 4.2% 0.8% 16.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 20 0.9% 25.6% 8.0% 0.0% 0.5% 7.0% 31.7% 19.0% 0.1% 11 0.7% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 26.0% 0.0% 0.6% 0.1% 0.0% 0.9% 9 1.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 18.0% 0.7% 15.3% 12 0.0% 0.5% 0.1% 21.5% 0.4% 0.0% 0.9% 26.0% 0.0% 21 0.3% 14.0% 0.5% 8 6.0% 0.2% 6.0% 0.5% 3.1% 0.9% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.7% 20.8% 2.0% 0.7% 0.4% 0. II 0.0% 0.0% 0.5% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 12.0% 0.0% 0.9% 0.0% 24 0.0% .0% 0.8% 10 0.0% 0.6% 17.0% 0.4% 5.0% 0.0% 3.4% 32.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.6% 16.4% 1.0% 0.1% 26.6% 0.4% 7.0% 0.7% 13.8% 6.0% 0.0% 0.3% 2.6% 22.0% 0.3% 0.0% Annual Education Statistics 105 Page 25 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 6. 2011.9% 19.1% 0.7% 0.7% 0.2% 0.2% 0.0% 5 10.1% 17.5% 5.0% 0.0% 0.9% 26.4% 16.7% 2.7% 13 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 20.9% 0.6% 7.1% 8.1% 0.1% 0.7% 7 32.5% 7.5% 0.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 7.0% 31.0% 14.2% 6.0% 19 0.0% 0.5% 27.8% 0.0% 0.0% 0.4% 0.0% 8.5% 38.0% 0.1% 0.Table A4.0% 0.7% 8.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.0% 1.0% 0.0% 0.0% 23 0.0% 0.0% 0.8% 11.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.1% 0.8% 1.0% 0.0% 0.1% 0.0% 28.0% 0.1% 6 44.0% 9.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.0% 0.9% 2.0% 0.0% 0.7% 3.0% 0.8% 1.0% 0.1% 0.6% 9.9% 2.0% 0.0% 0.3% 0.9% 0.1% 17 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.8% 26.0% 0.0% 0.9% 3.6% 21.3% 0.9% 27.1% 0.0% 18 0.2% 0.5% 6.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 16.2% 0.3% 5.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.1% 11.0% 0.9% 0.2% 2.2% 12.1% 22.0% 0.2% 7.2% III IV V VI VII VIII IX X XI XII Age PP I 4 1.0% 21.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.2% 13.0% 0.0% 0.0% 0.3% 24.2% 22.0% 0.0% 1.2% 18.0% 32.8% 1.0% 0.0% 0.1% 16 0.9% 0.0% 0.3% 0.1% 21.

5% 43.7% 50.2% 49.9% 40.4% 44.8% 29.6% 39.3% 51.0% STD 11220 10862 9455 8698 8210 7585 6829 6518 5802 5083 IX-X Public % 50.0% 41.8% 49.3% 49.7% 48.5% 51.9% 49.6% 49.0% 47.2% 35.3% 48.2% 40.0% 43.6% 32.4% 46.8% 49.8% 50.0% 50.3% 32.4% 48.1% 48.0% 48.3% 46.7% 0.0% Public STD 3039 2821 2519 2181 2023 1695 1432 1213 1092 844 % 42.0% 50. Additional tables on girls participation in primary and secondary education Table A5.8% 47.2% 47.1% 41.2% 39.1% 48.7% Public STD 13817 12754 12419 11759 10995 10251 9734 8653 7926 7681 % 52.5% 49.6% Table A5.0% 32.0% 0.1 Enrolment of girls in primary and secondary education 2002-2011 PP-VI Public STD 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 2002 53706 53567 52770 51255 50071 49003 47514 46237 44235 42244 % 49.5% 50.6% 33.2 Growth in the Girls enrolment in the Public Secondary School (VII-XII) Year 2011 2010 2009 2008 2007 2006 2005 2004 2003 Girls 28076 26437 24393 22638 21228 19531 17995 16384 14820 %Girls 6% 8% 8% 7% 9% 9% 10% 11% 9% Page 106 .7% 27.Annual Education Statistics A5.8% 46.6% 51.7% 48.3% 49.5% 49.1% 49.5% 49.8% 0.4% 47.5% 38.0% 49.7% 39.1% 49.0% 48.0% VII-VIII Private STD 120 98 70 32 12 0 0 0 10 0 % 53.5% Private STD 71 50 34 13 30 23 9 22 14 0 % 45.0% 0.2% Private STD 1526 1456 1367 1274 1136 1014 1142 1079 818 694 % 48.1% 49.8% 48.0% XI-XII Private STD 3374 3354 2834 2373 1806 1673 1654 1418 1196 856 % 50.3% 51.0% 50.1% 49.4% 48.7% 54.5% 50.7% 49.1% 32.1% 47.0% 49.0% 0.9% 48.

00 0.13 0.97 36.Annual Education Statistics A6.63 79.67 34.00 0.00 .27 33.25 70.56 20.87 43.07 0.13 0.02 60.08 0.00 0.71 58.21 43.5 Percentage not known 0.1 Literate women aged 15-24 by Dzongkhag5 Percentage literate [1] Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuntse Mongar Paro Pemagatshel Punakha Samdrup jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdi Zhemgang Western Central Eastern Urban Rural None Primary Secondary + 15-19 20-24 Poorest Second Middle Fourth Richest Bhutan 76.00 0.00 0.00 0. Education Table from BMIS 2010 Table A6.29 0.13 59.64 40.27 0.00 0.00 0.00 0.17 0.23 0.59 100.85 45.86 77.29 48.78 42.00 0.1 Number of women age 15-24 years 109 565 164 32 85 92 278 286 129 144 235 524 314 763 230 85 81 169 164 105 2399 1106 1050 1635 2920 1706 643 2205 2052 2502 718 737 839 1055 1207 4555 5 BMIS (Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey) 2010 107 Page .08 0.05 47.41 1.75 84.06 50.00 0.00 0.05 0.71 50.16 0.00 67.08 65.00 0.94 44.00 0.27 0.01 53.88 20.00 0.00 0.06 49.05 0.08 61.00 0.36 0.00 0.55 45.72 56.46 40.77 73.17 34.94 42.52 5.00 0.

2 95.0 90. BMIS (Bhutan Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey) 20108 Male Net attendance ratio (adjusted) [1] Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuntse Mongar Paro Dzongkhag Pemagatshel Punakha Samdrup jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdi Zhemgang Western Region Central Eastern Area Urban Rural 6 Age at beginning of school year 7 8 9 10 11 12 None Primary Secondary + Mother not in household Poorest Wealth index quintiles Second Middle Fourth Richest 96.7 96.6 .9 89.9 94.6 93.1 85.0 90.2 96.6 75.6 91.2 97.4 90.6 96.0 91.7 95.4 93.8 95.4 87.5 95.9 Total 8 BMIS (Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey) 2010 Page 108 Mother’s education .2 96.6 94.5 92.1 94.5 80.6 96.7 96.3 93.2 96.7 90.3 94.0 97.3 96.8 91.9 96.5 92.2 95.3 93.9 91.2 91.4 93.3 96.8 92.8 94.8 89.7 92.8 92.0 91.4 90.0 91.9 82.0 83.3 88.8 92.7 88.9 84.8 90.7 96.9 91. 85.1 93.7 92.4 98.5 92.0 88.0 84.6 89.4 90.2 Female Total Number of children 237 987 397 74 208 245 724 499 392 401 693 1164 631 1221 969 288 234 331 430 267 4554 2527 3311 2884 7508 1571 1431 1343 1443 1489 1481 1634 8087 1176 1128 0 2126 2048 2061 2162 1995 10392 Number Net attendance Number Net attendance of children ratio (adjusted) [1] of children ratio (adjusted) [1] 115 480 203 38 113 125 362 250 207 210 341 572 294 607 501 138 124 165 224 133 2269 1257 1674 1441 3759 803 709 700 745 724 709 812 4056 590 555 0 1047 1055 1029 1071 998 5201 98.7 96.4 95.7 89.3 90.7 92.3 91.8 91.6 95.8 97.0 96.3 93.9 90.2 81.7 94.5 92.7 97.0 100.5 85.2 Primary school attendance.5 92.5 96.2 94.6 92.5 95.9 88.0 84.5 75.8 100.5 94.5 91.0 91.5 93.6 86.6 96.8 93.9 93.Annual Education Statistics Table A6.6 90.4 90.0 97.4 95.7 122 508 194 35 95 120 362 250 186 191 352 592 337 614 468 150 110 166 207 134 2285 1270 1637 1443 3749 768 722 643 698 765 772 822 4031 586 574 0 1079 993 1032 1091 997 5192 97.9 95.3 93.4 93.1 92.0 91.4 91.5 93.1 91.8 92.7 87.7 88.4 75.8 86.7 91.1 87.

7 49.6 58.0 59.2 100 465 168 22 82 103 312 266 161 180 260 438 249 489 293 67 96 130 165 84 1942 991 1196 1155 2974 698 691 683 741 666 650 2776 314 268 12 839 833 794 806 856 4129 55.6 62.0 33.1 56.8 65.5 55.4 17.6 55.6 58.5 70.3 52.3 16.9 41.0 65.3 7.3 20.8 11.6 50.2 28.6 42.6 38.7 38.1 16.7 8.5 18.0 16.4 7.4 54.8 62.8 35.1 2.5 38.1 50.0 24.9 24.8 23.5 52.7 45.1 60.4 7.1 20.9 49.0 60.3 86.8 23.1 27.4 58.3 66.5 15.5 27.8 69.7 48.1 47.1 57.1 24.4 46.1 3.8 3.5 11.8 15.8 26.9 58.8 46.0 37.9 35.4 67.4 48.4 19.7 50.2 20.5 29.6 63.2 48.0 59.4 59.8 201 953 329 54 163 203 594 547 335 356 531 866 506 1093 592 144 188 278 331 199 4031 2031 2399 2480 5982 1548 1623 1258 1414 1344 1275 5616 632 690 24 1626 1617 1616 1688 1914 8462 Area Age at beginning of school year 9 Wealth index quintiles Total BMIS (Bhutan Multiple Indicator Survey) 2010 109 Page .6 73.3 41.3 8.2 12.4 48.5 10.9 17.4 17.5 30.1 81.4 17.8 47.8 19.5 58.0 42.0 9.5 24.9 17.2 8.4 58.5 4.3 Secondary school attendance.5 55.3 57.6 26.1 10.5 31.0 52.9 48.1 51.5 75.3 34.3 50.2 54.4 28.6 64.2 27.6 82.6 32.0 9.3 79.2 30.8 65.4 32.0 51.2 2.4 26.6 54.5 12.9 22.5 46.2 62.7 29.8 77.1 21.2 26.8 26.2 65.1 40.4 17.0 46.1 40.5 4.3 33.9 34.Annual Education Statistics Table A6.1 60.0 75.7 64.3 76.1 67.9 32.6 20.1 29.2 37.8 32.2 54.2 22.0 21.6 21.8 64.8 24.7 48.4 16.9 76.5 59.1 7.1 16.0 25.2 49.1 17.6 64.9 35.9 39.0 27.6 17.5 73.2 22.0 23.2 10.7 17.1 39.9 15.6 16.8 24.3 39.8 18.5 23.5 39.8 68.9 16.8 15.6 18.9 46.5 30.6 7.8 38.8 101 488 162 32 81 100 282 281 174 176 271 428 257 605 299 77 92 148 166 115 2090 1040 1203 1325 3007 850 932 575 673 678 625 2840 319 422 12 787 784 822 882 1057 4333 55.4 35.9 52.0 21.6 53.3 61.8 23.8 57.0 16. BMIS 20109 Male Female Total Net attendance Percent Number Net attendance Percent Number Net attendance Percent Number ratio attending priof ratio (adjusted) attending of ratio attending of (adjusted) [1] mary school children [1] primary school children (adjusted) [1] primary school children Bumthang Chukha Dagana Gasa Haa Lhuntse Mongar Paro Dzongkhag Pemagatshel Punakha S/Jongkhar Samtse Sarpang Thimphu Trashigang Trashiyangtse Trongsa Tsirang Wangdi Zhemgang Region Western Central Eastern Urban Rural 13 14 15 16 17 18 None Mother’s education Primary Secondary + Mother not in household Poorest Second Middle Fourth Richest 54.6 16.7 16.3 68.2 9.6 18.2 69.9 26.6 50.4 .4 23.0 48.3 12.7 66.5 32.0 17.5 20.8 49.0 60.3 50.7 34.1 19.9 29.0 17.8 13.9 23.9 50.8 24.7 29.3 30.3 5.5 48.0 65.7 58.7 34.0 12.2 22.6 62.3 20.4 16.0 54.7 52.3 71.5 29.

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