DECEPTION DETECTION (Intoxication with alcohol



HUMAN BEHAVIOR AND DECEPTION DETECTION Abstract: Human intelligence is the key to stopping terrorism, and therefore it is essential to know when the information obtained is false. This article briefly outlines the research on behavioral clues to deception, as well as research on people’s abilities to spot deception once it has happened. We find that there is no clue or clue pattern that is specific to deception, although there are clues specific to emotion and cognition. In general, behavioral clues are only limited in their abilities to identify deception and that there are still behavioral measurement issues that may plague research on deception. Moreover, a closer examination of the laboratory research suggests that many research studies are not relevant to security contexts, thus the research literature may underestimate the usefulness of behavioral information—particularly for the utility of identifying emotional and cognitive states. We also find that most people, unaided by technology, cannot detect lies from behavioral information, but that some groups do show significantly higher levels of accuracy—although more research is needed to understand why. We conclude that a more directed interaction with scientists and practitioners—in both lab work and in the real world, in creating real-world databases, identifying base rates for malfeasant behavior in security settings, optimizing training, and identifying pre-existing excellence within security organizations can more rapidly capitalize on the usefulness of behavioral information in security settings. Alcohol Intoxication Signs and Symptoms The effects of alcohol vary widely from person to person. Several factors can account for obvious differences in how certain amounts of alcohol can affect one person more than another. These factors also affect the particular signs and symptoms the person may have to indicate alcohol intoxication. Major factors account for this variation in signs and symptoms:

Prior experience with alcohol. A longtime, heavy drinker may achieve blood alcohol concentration levels that would kill the average casual drinker. Conversely, a college student (typically a freshman) who is a novice drinker may get knocked out by a 6-pack of beer. As a person's drinking increases, his or her liver will increase its capacity to metabolize alcohol. Put simply, a heavy drinker will be able to burn off drinks much faster. In addition, a heavy drinker's brain gets used to frequent, even constant, high blood alcohol concentrations (BAC). This habituation in a heavy drinker can backfire if this person suddenly stops drinking. The person may go into withdrawal and develop seizures or a condition called delirium tremens (DTs). Taking drugs. The effects of alcohol are enhanced if someone may be taking other drugs, especially those of the sedative class such as sleeping pills or antianxiety medications. A person who is not habituated to either alcohol or sedatives may cause serious harm, or death, in taking sub-lethal doses of each. Together, they can be a deadly combination. The person may be taking medications prescribed by a doctor or over-the-counter drugs and may not intend for the drugs to enhance the effects of the alcohol. Medical conditions. The presence of a wide variety of medical conditions may affect how someone reacts to alcohol. Smell of alcohol on the breath. There is a very poor correlation between the strength of the smell of alcohol on the breath and the BAC. Pure alcohol has very little smell. It is

as it is very sensitive to alcohol. confusion when faced with tasks requiring thinking. difficulty sitting upright in a chair. either from cessation of breathing. BAC commonly is expressed in milligrams per deciliter (mg/dL). Treatment for alcoholism is sometimes necessary for people addicted to this substance. loss of control of fine motor movements (such as writing). 100 mg/dL represents the threshold concentration above which a person is legally drunk when operating a motor vehicle.1% concentration. low blood pressure. excessively low blood pressure. a person who drinks a modest amount of beer may have a strong smell of alcohol on the breath. memory loss 300 mg/dL: Stuporous. flushing of skin. This explains why a person who drinks large amounts of high-proof vodka (a more pure form of alcohol) may have only a faint smell of alcohol on the breath. The following scale details the expected effects of alcohol at various BACs. lethargic but able to be aroused by voice. feeling of warmth.the metabolism of other substances in alcoholic beverages that produces most of the smell. not able to be aroused. Using this measure. deep snoring 400 mg/dL: Comatose. In most states. inappropriate laughter 200 mg/dL: Very slurred speech. or vomit entering the lungs without the presence of the protective reflex to cough it out. 100 mg/dL roughly is equal to 1 part alcohol in 1000 parts of water (or blood). Alcohol has nearly immediate effects on the body. Consequently. the greater the effects of alcohol. there is a rough correlation between blood alcohol concentration (BAC) and how the person acts. In the average social drinker (defined as someone who drinks no more than 2 standard drinks per day). staggering gait. On the other hand. incontinent(wets self). emotionally unstable. The higher the blood alcohol content is in the body. We see these varying degrees of intoxication below: 1. go to the Blood Alcohol Educator Web site of the Century Council and the University of Illinois for some startling interactive activities. irregular breathing 500 mg/dL: Death possible. This scale would apply to a typical social drinker:   50 mg/dL: Loss of emotional restraint. unlike other foods.  Scale of effects. mild impairment of judgment 100 mg/dL: Slight slurring of speech. double vision. There is a tremendous variation from person to person. vivaciousness. and not all people exhibit all the effects. Euphoria Difficulty concentrating Talkative Lowered inhibitions . particularly on the brain.      Six Stages Of Alcohol Intoxication The Effects of Alcohol Intoxication can have a number of effects on a person. The reason for this is that it requires no digestion.  To find out more about BAC and how it affects you. able to be aroused only briefly by strong physical stimulus (such as a face slap or deep pinch). 100 mg/dL would be equal to a 0. o Blood alcohol concentration.

5. Men require more alcohol to achieve these same effects because they are heavier and have a higher percentage of water per pound in their bodies. once its symtoms are recognized it is important to seek alcoholic treatment from an alcohol rehabilitation center as soon as possible. . addiction can result. however. Brighter color in the face Fine motor skills are lacking Excitement Senses are dulled Poor coordination Drowsy Beginnings of erratic behavior Slow reaction time Impaired judgment Confusion Exaggerated emotions Difficulty walking Blurred vision Slurred speech Pain is dulled Stupor Cannot stand or walk Vomiting Unconsciousness is possible Decreased response to stimuli Apathetic Coma Unconscious Low body temperature Possible death Shallow breathing Slow pulse Death Death as a result of respiratory arrest What is Blood Alcohol Content? Blood alcohol content (BAC) is the amount of alcohol in the bloodstream. and body weight. Typically. 4.  Loss of balance. In these cases. If someone were to have a BAC of . Your eyes move quickly or in a way that is not normal for you. 3.  Fast heartbeats and slow breaths. CONCLUSION/RECOMMENDATION: Alcohol intoxication is a harmful physical condition caused when you drink more alcohol than your body can handle. Alcohol addiction is problem often recognized far too late. if alcohol use is frequent. men require more alcohol to achieve the same BAC as women. may also have temporary affects on BAC. You may fall easily. Eating prior to. or while drinking. Over time. Alcohol percentage is determined by the amount of alcohol consumed.10.2. reducing its effects. The more alcohol a person consumes the more intoxicated and impaired they become. 6. the time in which the alcohol was consumed. this would mean that one-tenth of 1% of the blood in their body is alcohol. You may not be able to walk straight or stand still.  Enlarged pupils (the black circles in the center of your eyes).  Blackouts or seizures. It is also called ethanol poisoning or being drunk. What are the physical signs and symptoms of alcohol intoxication?  Breath that smells like alcohol.  Nausea and vomiting. alcohol treatment rehab is often needed.

Balagtas 2nd year student . Term paper in Forensic Medicine Submitted to: Justice Rodolfo G.  You cannot stop vomiting. You may need a trach if an ET tube cannot be placed. You may get oxygen through a mask placed over your nose and mouth or through small tubes placed in your nostrils. you have sex that is not protected.  Risky sexual behavior. such as drinking and driving.  Antinausea medicine: This medicine may be given to calm your stomach and prevent vomiting. Slurred or loud speech. You may be given vitamin B1 if your levels are low from excess alcohol.  You have a seizure. The ET tube or trach is attached to the ventilator.  You have questions or concerns about your condition.  Ventilator: This is a machine that gives you oxygen and breathes for you when you cannot breathe well on your own.  Vitamin B1: This is also called Thiamine. you have many absences or do not finish your work. This therapy also helps you set goals to decrease the amount of alcohol you drink.  Brief intervention therapy: A caregiver meets with you to discuss ways to control your risky behaviors. Breathing support: You may need the following if you are so intoxicated that you cannot breathe well on your own:  Oxygen: You may need extra oxygen if your blood oxygen level is lower than it should be. When should I seek immediate care? Seek care immediately:  You have sudden trouble breathing or chest pain. Palattao DEAN Submitted by: Alexandra Magdalena D. For example.  When should I contact my caregiver? Contact your caregiver if:  You feel like you need help to stop drinking alcohol.  You feel sad enough to harm yourself or others.  Glucose: This medicine may be given to increase the amount of sugar in your blood. An endotracheal (ET) tube is put into your airway through your mouth or nose. You may act out violently. For example. A trach is an airway tube put into an incision (cut) in the front of your neck. What behaviors are common with alcohol intoxication?  Quick mood changes. or you have sex with many people.  You were in an accident. How is alcohol intoxication treated?  Medicines:  Sedative: This medicine is given to help you stay calm and relaxed.  You have physical or verbal fights because of alcohol.  You have trouble with work or school because you drink too much alcohol.  Trouble with work or school because you drink too much alcohol.  You have hallucinations (you see or hear things that are not real). such as you feel happy and quickly become angry. Ask your caregiver before you take off the mask or oxygen tubing.

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