Fumehood | Pump | Water

C. Bailey & S. Chem. Jr. Wait. Educ. 76(2). J. 228-229 (1999) .Design for a Miniature Portable Fume Hood R.A.

It is mounted to the back with 1-inch plastic spacer strips at the sides. Students working in pairs or small groups can easily see what is taking place in the hood. (It is important to have input from qualified HVAC personnel to establish appropriate design of the exhaust system. Figure 4 Hood in folded position. Figure 2 Front view of hood. we designed our own and will describe it here for anyone who has similar requirements. we were faced with the problem of what to do about hood facilities for the general chemistry laboratories. or fit into the connection to the exhaust system in the other. Figure 3 Hood in open position. In the end. providing excellent draw (in excess of 100 ft/min) for small apparatus.HTML by Rhodium As part of the recent renovation of our undergraduate chemistry laboratories. The rear baffle is made of white polyethylene to help visibility. For visibility. flexibility of location. although this hood design could be used with an overhead exhaust in a facility without under-bench exhausts. and visibility throughout the laboratory made the commercially available units that we could find unsatisfactory1. or with the top and sides opened to provide a comfortable working area at the design air flow. Continuous (piano-style) hinges are used for rigidity. It fits into a connection (in our case.) Folding sides and top (there is no bottom) permit the hood and its duct hose to be stored in a standard 18-inch-wide laboratory cabinet. The alternative was small bench-top hoods. In the open position. stops on the top prevent the sides from being inadvertently moved. Small slots are provided in the bottom of the movable sides to bring in power cords or hoses without cluttering the front opening. 3/16-inch-thick acrylic. Even with the sides open but the top folded back to accommodate tall apparatus. Figure 1 Top view of hood. This duct is a removable flexible hose2 4 in. None of the commercial designs offered easy storage (unless they were very small to begin with) or the ability to take up minimal bench space while still being functional. The ends of the duct are attached to metal duct fittings that mate via a slot-and-pin arrangement with another fitting on the hood in the one case. With the sides and top folded. The hood was designed for an exhaust system that would provide a face velocity of 80 ft/min at the larger opening. The hood can be used with sides and top folded back. As an added safety feature. occupying minimal space. but any slip-fit connection would work) on the bench surface for connection to an appropriate exhaust duct below the bench. outlined for clarity. Spaces one-and-a-half inches wide at the top and bottom . the unit occupies only slightly more than one square foot of bench surface. We wished to have hoods available for all students. in this configuration the top flap can be further folded down to cover the top half of the face. but other criteria. in diameter and about 3 ft long. This eliminates unsightly overhead hose ducts. the construction was of clear. installation of fullsize hoods was not considered either cost or space effective. but because these would be used only occasionally. The design is illustrated in Figures 1–4. similar to that found in some commercial hoods. including ease of storage. The hood has a truncated triangular footprint with the duct attached to the center of the truncation. good air flow can be achieved. This value was considered by our risk management and HVAC professionals to be an appropriate level for safety4. since this determines the hood performance. a plastic gate valve3 obtainable from building suppliers.

and this units performance is truly outstanding. you can construct a recirculating pumping station. which will be very much dependent on labor. or if your water pressure is low.and two one-inch slots in the middle of the baffle provide an air flow with little turbulence. we cannot give an accurate estimate of costs for individual units. Apple and A. Cutler in a forthcoming publication. Our shop roughly estimates $400 for a unit. . To save water. This station has been completely redesigned since the first edition. Because construction of our hoods (a total of 64) was subcontracted as part of an overall renovation project. 2nd Ed by Jack B. as indicated by smoke tests. they have been quite effective with organic vapors and acid fumes. Nimble HTML by Rhodium I think an aspirator pump should be the main vacuum source in a clandestine laboratory. Details of this pump are shown below. Only ability to work with plastic and with sheet metal to fabricate the duct connections is required. Some applications of these hoods in studio-type classes with students working in teams of four will be described by T. Loss of transparency by reaction with some organic solvents may be possible. although in our applications we have not encountered this. In use. VACUUM / ASPIRATOR Aspirator Vacuum Station From "The Construction and Operation of Clandestine Drug Laboratories".

just be sure to check the rated pressure. The intakes to these aspirators can be connected with a tee for increased pumping speed. Units made for hot tubs and small swimming pools are also satisfactory. or they can be used independently. The overflow should have a fitting allowing the attachment of a one-inch or larger drain hose or the unit can be placed in a sink or bathtub. It works quite well. but 30 to 40 is much better. One pump can usually power two aspirators. or something similar to house the system. and the pump can provide a higher pressure than most any municipal water supply. The pump is of the jet pump-type variety. Leave a small space around the aspirator outlet to allow air to enter. the colder the water. The use of submersible pumps is not recommended as they raise the temperature of the water. it approaches the vacuum of many mechanical pumps. and secure it permanently with silicone. With 30 psi. the higher the vacuum. It can handle solvents and other corrosive vapors easily. The pail should not seal up air-tight. Increased pumping speed is especially needed when evaporating large quantities of volatile material. plastic pail. and should be in the range of 1/3 to 1/2 horsepower.You'll still need a source of running water to keep the unit cool and flush out condensed solvents as the unit runs. The unit will not drain properly without an air inlet. This unit will outperform most any municipal water supply. Their pressure is usually rated in "feet of head". It keeps bubbly. Multiply feet of head by 0. which otherwise seriously would affect performance. and quickly reduce the vacuum. As with all aspirator pumps.4335 to convert to psi. . Use one half of a lid to the can as baffle. aerated water from being sucked up by the pump. however. The pump should provide a pressure of at least 20 psi. Use a 5 gallon can. The baffle is important. Adding ice to the reservoir greatly increases the vacuum. It can also function out in the country where water pressure is low or otherwise unreliable.

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