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Welcome To The Darkness

A Cinematic Perspective

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network


Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Gothic art today speaks of the subjects that transgress society's vague definitions of normality, discreetly peeling away the pretences of outmoded conventions and transversing the amorphous border between good and evil, sanity and madness, disinterested pleasure and visual offensiveness, The Gothic reacts aggressively against the current 'anti-intensity emotionology', as Peter N, Stearns has termed the protective withdrawal from authentic expression and display of profound affections.

Grunberg, C 1997, Gothic - Transmutations of Horror in Late 21st Century Art in The Gothic, (p38-44)

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

It challenges the anxious adherence to smooth operation and undisturbed functionality, and to 'the requirement of a corporate, service oriented economy and management structure; small-family size, with emphasis on leisure and sexual compatibility between spouses; consumerism; and anxiety about hidden forces within the body that might be disturbed by emotional excess‘.

Grunberg, C 1997, Gothic - Transmutations of Horror in Late 21st Century Art in The Gothic, (p38-44)

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Dark Exposure : Music, Fashion, Hair and the 1980’s Goth Scene

Siouxsie & the Banshees
Bromley London, 1976

The Cure
Crawley, West Sussex, 1976

Joy Division
Salford, Manchester, 1976

Technology & the Darkness
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness
• The movement away from the mainstream in the music scene created a niche of vital contextual elements that would later be picked up in other areas of popular culture. • In late 1970’s and early 1980’s cinema, as audiences expanded and the notion of the “blockbuster” was invented, the subtext of the mainstream fair was dark and the retro stylings of the “other” had an air of nostalgia. • References abound for the exploitation of the visual iconography of the “gothic”, of “horror”, and of the “surreal” and the “fantastic “.
Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Dark Reflections : Gothic Horror, Camp Nazi Regalia, Leather & Whips

Jaws
Spielberg, 1975

Star Wars
Lucas, 1977

Apocalypse Now, Coppola, 1979

Mad Max
Miller, 1979

Raiders of the Lost Ark
Speilberg, 1981

Technology & the Darkness
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness
• This would be fabulously exploited two decades later by a much more pervasive and influential force : (Hollywood/ Blockbuster) cinema • The most obvious manifestation of this tendency can be seen in the “rebooted” comic strips produced by the Hollywood studio system of the early 21C • In particular the Batman & Superman franchises. However, this can also be seen in the more recent renderings of Spiderman & the Incredible Hulk

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness
• If we take for a moment this macro perspective on the comic book genre of Hollywood adaptation we will see some recurring elements which marked a distinct shift in style and the co-opting of “new gothic” properties : • Obvious “dark” colour & texture shadings to the production design • Gothic architecture, brooding locations and retro costuming • Character Introspection resulting in self doubt and at times self loathing • Steam punk technology in science fiction and contemporary metaphysical settings • The anxiety attack - the recoil from the calamity of the modern well stitched urban environment and prosaic society

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Iconography

Superman (Jerry Siegel & Joe Shuster, Ohio, USA)
Superman first appeared in 1938 and in person at the New York World Fair in 1939. It drew influences from early science fiction pulp novels (costume) and its location and modernist tendencies from Metropolis (Lang, 1930).

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Iconography

Superman | George Reeves | 1951

Frosty Flakes Commercial | Kelloggs | circa 1950s

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Iconography

Superman was produced for TV in the 1950s and had its first faithful reproduction on film in 1979 by director Richard Donner. It appeared again on TV in 1997 as Lois & Clark (ABC), before it was reconfigured for cinema again in 2006 by Bryan Singer. In the same year it was developed into a brooding comic book form by Donner, which has been sited as the precursor for a darker version due for a 2010 release.

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Iconography

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Colour & Texture

Batman (Bob Kane and writer Bill Finger, USA)
First appeared in May 1939 and like Superman, the crime fighter grew out of the hard boiled pulp fiction publisher Detective Comics. In the 1960s Batman was camped up for television before it was returned to its dark origins at the hand of Frank Miller in the mid 1980s.

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Colour & Texture

It was Frank Miller’s dark interpretation as an adult graphic novel which has become the template for the new series of films by Christopher Nolan which epitomise “the darkness” which pervades contemporary cinema. It’s gothic origins of course are best represented by Tim Burton’s classic telling of the Batman saga in his 1989 version.

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Colour & Texture

Batman | Adam West & Burt Ward | 1966

Batman | Burton | Michael Keaton | 1989

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Colour & Texture

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Colour & Texture

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness
Through this lens – beyond the iconography of comic book mythology – we can also discern recurring “Neo Gothic” themes in a variety of other films. • • • • • Otherness Steam Punk Cyber Punk / Identity Theft Internal Anxiety (The Self) External Anxiety (The Woods)

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Otherness

The Incredible Hulk | Lee | 2003

American Psycho | Harron | 2000

Edward Scissorhands | Burton | 1990

Technology & the Darkness :
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Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Steam Punk

The Matrix | Wachowski | 1999

Sleepy Hollow | Burton | 2003

Time Machine | Wells | 2002

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
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Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Steam Punk

The Matrix | Wachowski | 1999

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
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Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Cyber Punk / Identity Theft

Bladerunner | Scott | 1982

Brazil | Gilliam | 1985

Minority Report | Spielberg | 2002

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

“No longer concerned with the production of grand or majestic terror, the Gothic sublime today reflects a hesitant and apprehensive state of mind obscured by a deep fear of the unfamiliar future: 'It is the threat of the apocalypse that is the spectacle of the sublime; it is the threat of self extinction and "self-dissolution" that forces the subject to retreat back into the comfortable frame of the beautiful'. In a final ecstatic danse macabre. we are slowly waltzing towards the end of the millennium, verging upon the edge of an eternal abyss, closer and closer until swallowed by an all-consuming vortex. It is the year 2000 - and we are still here.”
Grunberg, C 1997, Gothic - Transmutations of Horror in Late 21st Century Art in The Gothic, (p38-44)

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – Internal Anxiety

American Beauty | Mendes | 2000

Donnie Darko | Kelly | 2000

The Ice Storm | Lee | 1996

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – External Anxiety

Pan’s Labyrinth | Del Toro | 2006

The Village | Shyamlayan | 2004

Safe | Haynes | 1995

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness – External Anxiety

The Village | Shyamlayan | 2004

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Cinema and the rise of the Darkness
• This mix of the “ancient” and the “supermodern” - visible in the lace and leather and steel and steam-punk of the “new gothic” - permeates the subtext of a whole genre of 21C cultural output. • Seemingly at odds with any notion of definition, this subtext precedes a certain tendency towards darkness via a complex range of psychological and behavioural characteristics. • As seen in the characterisations on film this also manifests itself across a whole range of disciplines, which find venues on the page, in the gallery and online.

Herzog & the Monsters | Lesley Barnes | Glasgow School of Art | 2006

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

• And so to embellish the “modern gothic aesthetic” - struggling within their own obvious contradictions - the dark is codified by … • • • • • • Future shock / “The Rushing” The Exotic The Amoral / Antisocial Vigilance (to a personal code) Internal Conflict (with that code) The (Sexual) Allure of the other

• This subtext – or rather the visible absence of the subtext – is the trauma of the darkness. • Its potential to be brought to the surface via unresolved tension, personal conflict or intervention is the dramatic nerve centre which gives the “new gothic” its allure and immense narrative potential. Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network


Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

This was what I could understand, this was how I lived my life, what I constructed my movement around, how I dealt with the tangible. This was the geography around which my reality revolved: it did not occur to me, ever, that people were good or that a man was capable of change or that the world could be a better place through one's taking pleasure in a feeling or look or a gesture, or receiving another person's love or kindness.

Easton Ellis, B 1991 American Psycho in The Gothic, (p76-77)

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

The Dark Code
Contemporary Art & The Digital Network

Nothing was affirmative, the term 'generosity of spirit' applied to nothing, was a cliché, was some kind of bad joke. Sex is mathematics. Individuality no longer an issue. What does intelligence signify? Define reason. Desire - meaningless. Intellect is not a cure. Justice is dead. Fear, recrimination, innocence, sympathy, guilt, waste, failure, grief were things, emotions, that no one really felt anymore. Reflection is useless, the world is senseless. Evil is its only permanence. God is not alive. Love cannot be trusted. Surface, surface, surface was all that anyone found meaning in ... this was civilization as I saw it, colossal and jagged...”
Easton Ellis, B 1991 American Psycho in The Gothic, (p76-77)

Technology & the Darkness :
The Emergence of the Creative Class

Welcome to the Darkness
A Cinematic Perspective

American Beauty | Mendes | Dreamworks | 2000 “The most beautiful thing I have ever seen…”

Donnie Darko | Kelly | Pandora Cinema | 2001 “The Lifeline” Sequence

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